Biography of Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730

1662 Marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza

1680 Siege of Tangier

1685 Death and Burial of Charles II

1685 Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

1690 Storming of Cork

On 29 May 1630 [his father] King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 was born to King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 (29) and Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 (20) at St James's Palace. [his father] He was created as Duke Cornwall and Duke Rothesay the same day.

Around 1642. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of the future King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Before 1691. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Around 1665 John Greenhill Painter 1644-1676. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his Garter Robes. Around 1661 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 in his coronation robes. Before 11 Jul 1671 Adriaen Hanneman Painter 1603-1671. Portrait of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. 1675. Hendrick Danckerts Painter 1625-1680. Portrait of Royal Gardener John Rose presenting a pineappel to King Charles II In 1611 Robert In 1633 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649 known as Charles I with M.De St Antoine. Around 1637 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. Around 1625 John Hoskins Painter 1590-1664. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and the dwarf Jeffrey Hudson. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669 and her son Charles James Stewart 1629-1629. Before 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck Painter 1599-1641. Portrait of Henrietta Maria Bourbon Queen Consort England 1609-1669.

On 14 Apr 1659 [his step-father] Roger Palmer 1st Earl Castlemaine 1634-1705 (25) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (18) were married.

Before 07 Nov 1666. William Faithorne Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 and her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton as Madonna and Child. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. One of the Windsor Beauties. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Around 1690 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709. Before 01 Jan 1701 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 13 July 1660. 13 Jul 1660. Up early, the first day that I put on my black camlett coat with silver buttons. To Mr. Spong, whom I found in his night-down writing of my patent, and he had done as far as he could "for that &c". by 8 o'clock. It being done, we carried it to Worcester House to the Chancellor, where Mr. Kipps (a strange providence that he should now be in a condition to do me a kindness, which I never thought him capable of doing for me), got me the Chancellor's receipt to my bill; and so carried it to Mr. Beale (28) for a dockett; but he was very angry, and unwilling to do it, because he said it was ill writ (because I had got it writ by another hand, and not by him); but by much importunity I got Mr. Spong to go to his office and make an end of my patent; and in the mean time Mr. Beale (28) to be preparing my dockett, which being done, I did give him two pieces, after which it was strange how civil and tractable he was to me. From thence I went to the Navy office, where we despatched much business, and resolved of the houses for the Officers and Commissioners, which I was glad of, and I got leave to have a door made me into the leads. From thence, much troubled in mind about my patent, I went to Mr. Beale (28) again, who had now finished my patent and made it ready for the Seal, about an hour after I went to meet him at the Chancellor's. So I went away towards Westminster, and in my way met with Mr. Spong, and went with him to Mr. Lilly (41) and ate some bread and cheese, and drank with him, who still would be giving me council of getting my patent out, for fear of another change, and my Lord Montagu's fall. After that to Worcester House, where by Mr. Kipps's means, and my pressing in General Montagu's name to the Chancellor, I did, beyond all expectation, get my seal passed; and while it was doing in one room, I was forced to keep Sir G. Carteret (50) (who by chance met me there, ignorant of my business) in talk, while it was a doing. Went home and brought my wife with me into London, and some money, with which I paid Mr. Beale (28) £9 in all, and took my patent of him and went to my wife again, whom I had left in a coach at the door of Hinde Court, and presented her with my patent at which she was overjoyed; so to the Navy office, and showed her my house, and were both mightily pleased at all things there, and so to my business. So home with her, leaving her at her mother's door. I to my Lord's, where I dispatched an order for a ship to fetch Sir R. Honywood home, for which I got two pieces of my Lady Honywood by young Mr. Powell. Late writing letters; and great doings of music at the next house, which was Whally's; the King and Dukes there with [his mother] Madame Palmer (19)1, a pretty woman that they have a fancy to, to make her husband a cuckold. Here at the old door that did go into his lodgings, my Lord, I, and W. Howe, did stand listening a great while to the music. After that home to bed. This day I should have been at Guildhall to have borne witness for my brother Hawly against Black Collar, but I could not, at which I was troubled. To bed with the greatest quiet of mind that I have had a great while, having ate nothing but a bit of bread and cheese at Lilly's (41) to-day, and a bit of bread and butter after I was a-bed.

1. [his mother] Barbara Villiers (19), only child of [his grandfather] William (46), second Viscount Grandison, born November, 1640, married April 14th, 1659, to Roger Palmer (26), created Earl of Castlemaine, 1661. She became the King's (30) mistress soon after the Restoration, and was in 1670 made Lady Nonsuch, Countess of Southampton, and Duchess of Cleveland. She had six children by the King, one of them being created Duke of Grafton, and the eldest son succeeding her as Duke of Cleveland. She subsequently married Beau Fielding (10), whom she prosecuted for bigamy. She died October 9th, 1709, aged sixty-nine. Her life was written by G. Steinman Steinman, and privately printed 1871, with addenda 1874, and second addenda 1878.

Around 1666 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of her husband Charles Beale 1632-1705. Around 1680 Mary Beale aka Cradock Painter 1633-1699. Portrait of her husband Charles Beale 1632-1705. Before 1661. Remigius van Leemput Painter 1607-1675. Copy of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680 portrait of Henry Hyde, Viscount Cornbury and his first wife Theodosia Capell. In 1756 Joshua Reynolds 1723-1788. Portrait of Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 in his Garter Robes.

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Marriage of Charles II and Catherine of Braganza

On 21 May 1662 [his father] King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (31) and Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705 (23) were married at Portsmouth. He a son of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland 1600-1649. She by marriage Queen Consort England.

Before 1687 Pieter Borsseler Painter 1634-1687. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1663 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Eleanor Needham Baroness Byron 1627-1664 depicted as Saint Catherine of Alexandria in a guise probably intended to flatter Charles II's Queen, Catherine of Braganza. Accordingly she carries the martyr's palm branch and leans upon a wheel. The sitter looks to two putti in the upper left, one of whom holds a wreath of bay leaves above her head. She is wearing a copper-red dress with a richly decorated blue mantle about her arms. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Around 1670 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705. Before 1696 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Catherine of Braganza Queen Consort England 1638-1705.

On 18 Jun 1662 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 was born illegitimately to [his father] King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (32) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (21).

Diary of Samuel Pepys 26 July 1662. 26 Jul 1662. Thence to Mrs. Sarah, and there looked over my Lord's lodgings, which are very pretty; and White Hall garden and the Bowling-ally (where lords and ladies are now at bowles), in brave condition. Mrs. Sarah told me how the falling out between my [his mother] Baroness Castlemaine's (21) and her Lord was about christening of the child lately1, which he would have, and had done by a priest: and, some days after, she had it again christened by a minister; the [his father] King (32), and Lord of Oxford, and Duchesse of Suffolk, being witnesses: and christened with a proviso, that it had not already been christened. Since that she left her Lord, carrying away every thing in the house; so much as every dish, and cloth, and servant but the porter. He is gone discontented into France, they say, to enter a monastery; and now she is coming back again to her house in Kingstreet. But I hear that the [his step-mother] Queen (23) did prick her out of the list presented her by the [his father] King (32);2 desiring that she might have that favour done her, or that he would send her from whence she come: and that the [his father] King (32) was angry and the [his step-mother] Queen (23) discontented a whole day and night upon it; but that the [his father] King (32) hath promised to have nothing to do with her hereafter. But I cannot believe that the [his father] King (32) can fling her off so, he loving her too well: and so I writ this night to my Lady to be my opinion; she calling her my lady, and the lady I admire. Here I find that my Lord hath lost the garden to his lodgings, and that it is turning into a tennis-court. Hence by water to the Wardrobe to see how all do there, and so home to supper and to bed.

1. The boy was born in June at [his mother] Baroness Castlemaine's (21) house in King Street. By the direction of Lord Castlemaine, who had become a Roman Catholic, the child was baptized by a priest, and this led to a final separation between husband and wife. Some days afterwards the child was again baptized by the rector of St. Margaret's, Westminster, in presence of the godparents, the [his father] King (32), Aubrey De Vere (35), Earl of Oxford, and Barbara, Countess of Suffolk (40), first Lady of the Bedchamber to the [his step-mother] Queen (23) and [his mother] Baroness Castlemaine's (21) aunt. The entry in the register of St. Margaret's is as follows: "1662 June 18 Charles Palmer Ld Limbricke, s. to ye right honorble Roger Earl of Castlemaine by Barbara" (Steinman's "Memoir of Barbara, Duchess of Cleveland", 1871, p. 33). The child was afterwards called Charles Fitzroy, and was created Duke of Southampton in 1674. He succeeded his mother in the dukedom of Cleveland in 1709, and died 1730.

2. By the King's command Lord Clarendon (53), much against his inclination, had twice visited his royal mistress with a view of inducing her, by persuasions which he could not justify, to give way to the King's determination to have [his mother] Baroness Castlemaine's (21) of her household.... Lord Clarendon (53) has given a full account of all that transpired between himself, the [his father] King (32) and the [his step-mother] Queen (23), on this very unpleasant business ('Continuation of Life of Clarendon,' 1759, ff. 168-178). Steinman's Memoir of Duchess of Cleveland, p. 35. The day at length arrived when [his mother] Baroness Castlemaine's (21) was to be formally admitted a Lady of the Bedchamber. The royal warrant, addressed to the Lord Chamberlain (60), bears date June 1, 1663, and includes with that of her ladyship, the names of the Duchess of Buckingham (23), the Countesses of Chesterfield and Bath (22), and the Countess Mareshall. A separate warrant of the same day directs his lordship to admit the Countess of Suffolk as Groom of the Stole and first Lady of the Bedchamber, to which undividable offices she had, with the additional ones of Mistress of the Robes and Keeper of the Privy Purse, been nominated by a warrant dated April 2, 1662, wherein the reception of her oath is expressly deferred until the [his step-mother] Queen's (23) household shall be established. We here are furnished with the evidence that Charles would not sign the warrants for the five until Catherine had withdrawn her objection to his favourite one. Addenda to Steinman's Memoir of Duchess of Cleveland (privately printed), 1874, p. i.

Around 1656 Gilbert Soest Painter 1605-1681. Portrait of Aubrey Vere 20th Earl Oxford 1627-1703. Before 1675. Remigius van Leemput Painter 1607-1675. Portrait of Barbara Villiers Countess Suffolk 1622-1680. Around 1643. William Dobson Painter 1611-1646. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon 1609-1674. Around 1664 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Manchester 1602-1671. After 1659. After John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham 1638-1720. Around 1665 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Elizabeth Butler Countess Chesterfield 1640-1665.

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On 14 Feb 1663 [his illegitimate half-brother] James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (13) was created 1st Duke Monmouth, 1st Earl Doncaster, 1st Baron Scott of Tynedale by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (32).

Around 1670. John Riley Painter 1646-1691. Portrait of James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685.

On 20 Apr 1663 [his illegitimate half-brother] James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (14) was created 1st Duke Buccleuch, 1st Earl Dalkeith, 1st Baron Scott of Whitchester and Eskdale. Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch 1651-1732 (12) by marriage Duchess Buccleuch.

On 20 Apr 1663 [his illegitimate half-brother] James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (14) and Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch 1651-1732 (12) were married. He a son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Monmouth.

Diary of Samuel Pepys 27 July 1667. 27 Jul 1667. At the office all the morning; and at noon to the 'Change, where I met Fenn; and he tells me that Sir John Coventry (31) do bring the confirmation of the peace; but I do not find the 'Change at all glad of it, but rather the worse, they looking upon it as a peace made only to preserve the [his father] King (37) for a time in his lusts and ease, and to sacrifice trade and his kingdoms only to his own pleasures: so that the hearts of merchants are quite down. He tells me that the [his father] King (37) and my [his mother] Baroness Castlemayne (26) are quite broke off, and she is gone away, and is with child, and swears the [his father] King (37) shall own it; and she will have it christened in the Chapel at White Hall so, and owned for the King's, as other Kings have done; or she will bring it into White Hall gallery, and dash the brains of it out before the King's face1.

He tells me that the [his father] King (37) and Court were never in the world so bad as they are now for gaming, swearing, whoring, and drinking, and the most abominable vices that ever were in the world; so that all must come to nought. He told me that Sir G. Carteret (57) was at this end of the town; so I went to visit him in Broad Street; and there he and I together: and he is mightily pleased with my Lady Jem's having a son; and a mighty glad man he is. He [Sir George Carteret (57)] tells me, as to news, that the peace is now confirmed, and all that over. He says it was a very unhappy motion in the House the other day about the land-army; for, whether the [his father] King (37) hath a mind of his own to do the thing desired or no, his doing it will be looked upon as a thing done only in fear of the Parliament. He says that the [his uncle] Duke of York (33) is suspected to be the great man that is for raising of this army, and bringing things to be commanded by an army; but he believes that he is wronged, and says that he do know that he is wronged therein. He do say that the Court is in a way to ruin all for their pleasures; and says that he himself hath once taken the liberty to tell the [his father] King (37) the necessity of having, at least, a show of religion in the Government, and sobriety; and that it was that, that did set up and keep up Oliver, though he was the greatest rogue in the world, and that it is so fixed in the nature of the common Englishman that it will not out of him. He tells me that while all should be labouring to settle the Kingdom, they are at Court all in factions, some for and others against my Chancellor (58), and another for and against another man, and the [his father] King (37) adheres to no man, but this day delivers himself up to this, and the next to that, to the ruin of himself and business; that he is at the command of any woman like a slave, though he be the best man to the Queene (57) in the world, with so much respect, and never lies a night from her: but yet cannot command himself in the presence of a woman he likes. Having had this discourse, I parted, and home to dinner, and thence to the office all the afternoon to my great content very busy. It raining this day all day to our great joy, it having not rained, I think, this month before, so as the ground was everywhere so burned and dry as could be; and no travelling in the road or streets in London, for dust. At night late home to supper and to bed.

1. Charles owned only four children by [his mother] Baroness Castlemaine's (26) - Anne, Countess of Sussex (6), and the Dukes of Southampton (5), Grafton (3), and Northumberland (1). The last of these was born in 1665. The paternity of all her other children was certainly doubtful. See pp. 50,52.

Before 1694 John Michael Wright 1617-1694. Portrait of King James II when Duke of York. Around 1666 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II and Anne Hyde Queen Consort England 1637-1671. See Diary of Samuel Pepys 24 March 1666. Before 04 Jan 1674 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of King James II wearing his Garter Robes. Around 1672 Henri Gascar Painter 1635-1701. Portrait of King James II.

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Before Jul 1669 James Howard 1640-1669 and [his illegitimate half-sister] Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy Countess Yarmouth 1650-1684 were married. She a daughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Before 1670 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 was created 1st Baron Limerick.

In 1670 [his mother] Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (29) was created 1st Duke Cleveland 1C 1670, 1st Earl of Southampton 3C 1670 and 1st Baron Nonsuch by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (39) for having given borth to five of the King's illegitimate children.

On 25 May 1671 Henry Wood 1st Baronet 1597-1671 (74) died without male issue. On 31 May 1671 he was buried at Ufford. His daughter Mary Wood Duchess Southampton 1663- (8) was his heir. In view of the great wealth was to inherit she was betrothed to Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (8), an illegitmate son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (40) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (30). On her father's death she went to live with Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (30). They, Mary Wood Duchess Southampton 1663- (8) and Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (8) married 1679 but she died a year later from smallpox.

On 01 Aug 1672 [his illegitimate brother] Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (8) and Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (17) were married. He a son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723. One of the Hampton Court Beauties. In 1686 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723.

On 01 Aug 1672 [his illegitimate brother] Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (8) was created 1st Earl Euston, 1st Viscount Ipswich, 1st Baron Sudbury. Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (17) by marriage Countess Euston.

Before 1673 William Paston 2nd Earl of Yarmouth 1654-1732 and [his illegitimate half-sister] Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy Countess Yarmouth 1650-1684 were married. She a daughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [his illegitimate half-sister] She by marriage Countess of Yarmouth.

Around 1673 [his illegitimate nephew] Charles Scott 1st Earl Doncaster 1672-1674 was created 1st Earl Doncaster.

In 1673 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (10) was appointed 478th Knight of the Garter by [his father] King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (42).

On 09 Feb 1674 [his illegitimate nephew] Charles Scott 1st Earl Doncaster 1672-1674 (1) died.

On 16 May 1674 Thomas Lennard Earl of Sussex 1654-1715 (20) and [his illegitimate sister] Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (13) were married at Hampton Court Palace. They were first cousins once removed. She a daughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 01 Oct 1674 [his illegitimate brother] George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (8) was created 1st Earl of Northumberland 4C 1674, 1st Viscount Falmouth, 1st Baron Pontefract by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44).

In 1675 [his illegitimate brother] Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (11) was created 1st Duke Grafton 1C 1675 by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44). Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (19) by marriage Duchess Grafton.

In 1675 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (12) was created 1st Duke Southampton, 1st Earl Chichester 2C 1644, 1st Baron Newbury by [his father] King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (44).

On 28 Jul 1675 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (18) was created 1st Earl Plymouth 1C 1675, 1st Viscount Totnes, 1st Baron Dartmouth.

On 09 Aug 1675 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (3) was created 1st Duke Richmond 3C 1675, 1st Earl March 4C 1675, 1st Baron Settrington by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (45).

On 21 Dec 1676 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (6) was created 1st Earl Burford, 1st Baron Heddington by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (46).

Around 1690 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726.

On 06 Feb 1677 Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield 1663-1716 (14) and [his illegitimate sister] Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (12) were married. They were third cousins. She a daughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [his illegitimate sister] She by marriage Countess Lichfield.

Before 1718 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718.

On 19 Sep 1678 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (21) and Bridget Osborne Countess Plymouth -1718 were married in Wimbledon. He a son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Countess Plymouth.

In 1679 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (16) and [his wife] Mary Wood Duchess Southampton 1663- (16) were married. He a son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Southampton.

In 1680 [his wife] Mary Wood Duchess Southampton 1663- (17) died of smallpox. She was buried with her mother (who also died of smallpox) in Westminster Abbey.

Siege of Tangier

On 17 Oct 1680 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles "Don Carlo" Fitzcharles 1st Earl Plymouth 1657-1680 (23) died of dysentery at Tangier during the Siege of Tangier.

On 06 Apr 1683 [his illegitimate brother] George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (17) was created 1st Duke Northumberland 2C 1683 by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (52).

In 1684 [his illegitimate half-sister] Charlotte Jemima Henrietta Maria Fitzroy Countess Yarmouth 1650-1684 (34) died.

On 05 Jan 1684 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (13) was created 1st Duke St Albans 1C 1684 by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (53).

Death and Burial of Charles II

On 06 Feb 1685 [his father] King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (54) died at 1145 in the morning at Whitehall Palace attended by Charles Scarburgh Physician 1615-1694 (69). His brother King James II (51) succeeded II King England Scotland and Ireland. Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718 (26) by marriage Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland. His brother King James II (51), William Chiffinch 1602-1691 (83), Richard Mason 1633-1685 (52) and William Sancroft Archbishop of Canterbury 1617-1693 (68) were present.

In 1687 Studio of Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. In 1698. Francois de Troy Painter 1645-1730. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Around 1685 Willem Wissing Painter 1656-1687. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Around 1680 Simon Pietersz Verelst 1644-1710. Portrait of Mary of Modena Queen Consort England Scotland and Ireland 1658-1718. Before 08 Mar 1685 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685. Around 1688 Jacob Huysmans Painter 1633-1696. Portrait of Richard Mason 1633-1685.

Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

On 15 Jul 1685 [his illegitimate half-brother] James Scott 1st Duke Monmouth 1st Duke Buccleuch 1649-1685 (36) was beheaded at Tower Hill. Francis Turner Bishop 1637-1700 (47) acted a Chaplain.

In Mar 1686 [his illegitimate brother] George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (20) and Catherine Wheatley -1714 were married. He a son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. Soon after the marriage Northumberland and his brother, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton (22), allegedly attempted to privately convey her abroad to an English convent in Ghent, Belgium.

Storming of Cork

On 09 Oct 1690 [his illegitimate brother] Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton 1663-1690 (27) was killed at Cork during the Storming of Cork. His son Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (6) succeeded 2nd Duke Grafton 1C 1675, 2nd Earl Euston, 2nd Viscount Ipswich, 2nd Baron Sudbury.

On 08 Jan 1692 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (19) and Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond 1671-1722 (21) were married. He a son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Richmond.

In 1694 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (31) and [his wife] Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (30) were married. He a son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Southampton.

On 17 Apr 1694 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (23) and Diana Vere Duchess St Albans 1679-1742 (15) were married. He a son of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess St Albans.

Around 1700 Godfrey Kneller 1646-1723. Portrait of Diana Vere Duchess St Albans 1679-1742. One of the Hampton Court Beauties.

On 28 Mar 1697 [his daughter] Grace Fitzroy Countess Darlington 1697-1763 was born to Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (34) and Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (33). She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 13 Feb 1698 [his son] Charles Fitzroy 1698-1723 was born to Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (35) and Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (34). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 19 Feb 1698 [his son] William Fitzroy 3rd Duke Cleveland 2nd Duke Southampton 1698-1774 was born to Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (35) and Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (34). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 17 Aug 1701 [his son] Henry Fitzroy 1701-1709 was born to Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (39) and Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (37). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 12 Nov 1702 [his daughter] Anne Fitzroy 1702- was born to Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (40) and Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (38). She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 25 Nov 1705 [his step-father] Robert "Beau Handsome" Fielding 1650-1712 (55) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (64) were married bigamously.

In 1706 [his illegitimate nephew] Henry Scott 1st Earl Deloraine 1676-1730 (30) was created 1st Earl Deloraine.

On 09 Oct 1709 [his mother] Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland 1640-1709 (68) died at Chiswick Mall Chiswick. Her son Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (47) succeeded 2nd Duke Cleveland 1C 1670, 2nd Earl of Southampton 3C 1670 and 2nd Baron Nonsuch. Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (45) by marriage Duchess Cleveland.

Before 1710 [his illegitimate nephew] Henry Scott 1st Earl Deloraine 1676-1730 and Anne Duncombe Countess Deloraine -1720 were married. He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Countess Deloraine.

On 13 Feb 1711 James Berkeley 3rd Earl Berkeley 1679-1736 (31) and [his illegitimate niece] Louisa Lennox Countess Berkeley 1694-1716 (16) were married. She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [his illegitimate niece] She by marriage Countess Berkeley.

On 30 Apr 1713 [his illegitimate nephew] Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (29) and Henrietta Somerset Duchess Grafton 1690-1726 (22) were married. He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Duchess Grafton.

On 15 Jan 1716 [his illegitimate niece] Louisa Lennox Countess Berkeley 1694-1716 (21) died in childbirth.

On 28 Jun 1716 [his illegitimate brother] George Fitzroy 1st Duke Northumberland 1665-1716 (50) died at Epsom without legitimate issue. Duke Northumberland 2C 1683, Earl of Northumberland 4C 1674 extinct.

On 14 Jul 1716 Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield 1663-1716 (53) died. His son [his illegitimate nephew] George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield 1690-1743 (26) succeeded 2nd Earl Lichfield 2C 1674. Frances Hales Countess Lichfield 1697-1769 (19) by marriage Countess Lichfield.

Before 07 Dec 1680 Peter Lely Painter 1618-1680. Portrait of Frances Hales Countess Lichfield 1697-1769.

On 17 Feb 1718 [his illegitimate sister] Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield 1664-1718 (53) died. She a natural daughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685 (87).

Before 21 May 1718 [his illegitimate nephew] George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield 1690-1743 and Frances Hales Countess Lichfield 1697-1769 were married. He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 04 Dec 1719 [his illegitimate nephew] Charles Lennox 2nd Duke Richmond 1701-1750 (18) and Sarah Cadogan Duchess Richmond 1705-1751 (14) were married at The Hague. He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. He was, apparently, forced into the marriage to pay off his, or his father's debts since she brought a considerable dowry.

On 21 Feb 1722 William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754 (19) and [his illegitimate niece] Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789 (18) were married at Caversham Reading. She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. [his illegitimate niece] She by marriage Countess Albermarle.

In 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle 1702-1754. Around 1745 Thomas Hudson Painter 1701-1779. Portrait of Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789. Around 1778 George Romney Painter 1734-1802. Portrait of Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle 1703-1789.

On 16 May 1722 [his illegitimate sister] Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex 1661-1722 (61) died.

On 13 Dec 1722 [his illegitimate nephew] Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (26) and Lucy Werden Duchess St Albans 1699-1752 (23) were married. He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

On 07 Feb 1723 Isabella Bennet Duchess Grafton 1655-1723 (67) died. Her son [his illegitimate nephew] Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton 1683-1757 (39) succeeded 3rd Earl Arlington, 3rd Viscount Thetford, 3rd Baron Arlington of Arlington in Middlesex 1C 1665 and 3rd Baron Arlington of Arlington in Middlesex 1C 1672.

On 27 May 1723 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond 1672-1723 (50) died. His son Charles Lennox 2nd Duke Richmond 1701-1750 (22) succeeded 2nd Duke Richmond 3C 1675, 2nd Earl March 4C 1675, 2nd Baron Settrington. Sarah Cadogan Duchess Richmond 1705-1751 (17) by marriage Duchess Richmond.

On 02 Sep 1725 [his son-in-law] Henry Vane 1st Earl Darlington 1705-1758 (20) and Grace Fitzroy Countess Darlington 1697-1763 (28) were married. She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.

In 1726 [his illegitimate nephew] Henry Scott 1st Earl Deloraine 1676-1730 (50) and Mary Howard Countess Deloraine 1700-1744 (26) were married. He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685. She by marriage Countess Deloraine.

On 10 May 1726 [his illegitimate half-brother] Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans 1670-1726 (56) died at Bath. He was buried at Westminster Abbey. His son Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans 1696-1751 (30) succeeded 2nd Duke St Albans 1C 1684, 2nd Earl Burford, 2nd Baron Heddington. Lucy Werden Duchess St Albans 1699-1752 (27) by marriage Duchess St Albans.

On 09 Sep 1730 Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 (68) died. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey. His son [his son] William Fitzroy 3rd Duke Cleveland 2nd Duke Southampton 1698-1774 (32) succeeded 3rd Duke Cleveland 1C 1670, 2nd Duke Southampton, 3rd Earl of Southampton 3C 1670, 2nd Earl Chichester 2C 1644, 3nd Baron Nonsuch and 2nd Baron Newbury.

On 20 Feb 1746 [his wife] Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746 (82) died. She was buried in the Duke of Ormonde Vault Henry VII Chapel Westminster Abbey.

[his daughter] Barbara Fitzroy was born to Charles Fitzroy 1st Duke Southampton 2nd Duke Cleveland 1662-1730 and Anne Pulteney Duchess Southampton Duchess of Cleveland 1663-1746. She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland 1630-1685.