Culture, Lords Spritual England, Archbishop of York

Archbishop of York is in Archbishop. See York Minster [Map].

1060 Ealdred Appointed Archbishop of York

1072 Accord of Winchester

1465 George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop of York

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 625. This year Paulinus was invested bishop of the Northumbrians, by Archbishop Justus, on the twelfth day before the calends of August.

On 19 Jul 627 Archbishop Paulinus of York was was appointed the first Bishop of York.

In 664 Bishop Wilfrid of York was consecrated Bishop of York.

Bede. Bertwald  succeeded Theodore in the archbishopric, being abbot of the monastery called Racuulfe [Map], which stands at the northern mouth of the river Genlade. He was a man learned in the Scriptures, and perfectly instructed in ecclesiastical and monastic teaching, yet in no wise to be compared to his predecessor. He was chosen bishop in the year of our Lord 692, on the first day of July, when Wictred (age 23) and Suaebhard were kings in Kent; but he was ordained the next year, on Sunday the 29th of June, by Godwin, metropolitan bishop of Gaul, and was enthroned on Sunday the 31st of August. Among the many bishops whom he ordained was Tobias, a man instructed in the Latin, Greek, and Saxon tongues, and otherwise of manifold learning, whom he consecrated in the stead of Gedmund, bishop of the Church of Rochester, who had died.

On 01 Jul 692 Archbishop Berhtwald was elected Archbishop of York.

On 31 Aug 693 Archbishop Berhtwald was enthroned Archbishop of York.

In 705 Bishop John of Beverley was consecrated Archbishop of York.

After 19 Nov 766 Archbishop Æthelbert of York was consecrated Archbishop of York.

On 24 Apr 767 Archbishop Eanbald was consecrated Archbishop of York.

In 931 Archbishop Wulfstan was appointed Archbishop of York.

In 958 Archbishop Oscytel was elected Archbishop of York.

In 972 Archbishop Oswald was elected Archbishop of York.

In 992 Archbishop Ealdwulf was elected Archbishop of York and Bishop of Worcester.

In 1002 Archibishop Wulfstan was elected Archbishop of York.

In 1041 Bishop Æthelwine was consecrated Archbishop of York. Possibly Bishop.

In 1051 Archbishop Cynesige was appointed Archbishop of York.

Ealdred Appointed Archbishop of York

On 25 Dec 1060 Archbishop Ealdred was appointed Archbishop of York.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1070. The same year Thomas, who was chosen Bishop of York, came to Canterbury, to be invested there after the ancient custom. But when Landfranc (age 65) craved confirmation of his obedience with an oath, he refused; and said, that he ought not to do it. Whereupon Archbishop Landfranc (age 65) was wroth, and bade the bishops, who were come thither by Archbishop Landfranc's (age 65) command to do the service, and all the monks to unrobe themselves. And they by his order so did. Thomas, therefore, for the time, departed without consecration. Soon after this, it happened that the Archbishop Landfranc (age 65) went to Rome, and Thomas with him. When they came thither, and had spoken about other things concerning which they wished to speak, then began Thomas his speech: how he came to Canterbury, and how the archbishop (age 65) required obedience of him with an oath; but he declined it. Then began the Archbishop Landfranc (age 65) to show with clear distinction, that what he craved he craved by right; and with strong arguments he confirmed the same before the Pope Alexander, and before all the council that was collected there; and so they went home. After this came Thomas to Canterbury; and all that the archbishop (age 65) required of him he humbly fulfilled, and afterwards received consecration.

John of Worcester. 24 Jun 1070. The feast of St. John the Baptist being near, earl Asbiorn sailed to Denmark with the fleet which had wintered in the Humber; but his brother Sweyn (age 51) outlawed him, because he had accepted money from king William (age 42), to the great regret of the Danes. Edric, surnamed the Forester, a man of the most resolute courage, of whom we have spoken before, was reconciled with king William (age 42). After this, the king summoned from Normandy Lanfranc (age 65), abbot of Caen, a Lombard by birth, a man of unbounded learning, master of the liberal arts, and of both sacred and secular literature, and of the greatest prudence in counsel and the administration of worldly affairs; and on the day of the Assumption of St. Mary, appointed him archbishop of Canterbury, causing him to be consecrated at Canterbury on the feast of St. John the Baptist, being Sunday. He was consecrated by Giso, bishop of Wells, and Walter, bishop of Hereford, who were both ordained at Rome by pope Nicholas, when Aldred, archbishop of York, received the pallium,—for he evaded being ordained by Stigand, who then held the archbishopric of Canterbury, knowing him not to have received the pallium canonically. Bishop Heriman, who had already transferred the seat of his bishopric from Sherbourne to Salisbury, also assisted at his consecration, with some others. Afterwards, Lanfranc (age 65) consecrated Thomas, archbishop of York. The suit of the reverend Wulfstan (age 62), bishop of Worcester, was again prosecuted, there being now a bishop who could advocate the cause of the church of York; and the affair was, by the aid of God's grace, decided at a council held at a place called Pedred, before the king, archbishop Lanfranc (age 65), and the bishops, abbots, earls, and lords of all England. All the groundless assertions by which Thomas and his abettors strove to humble the church of Worcester, and reduce her to subjection and servitude to the church of York, were, by God's just judgement, entirely refuted and negatived by written documents, so that Wulfstan (age 62) not only recovered the possessions he claimed, but, by God's goodness, and the king's assent, regained for his see all the immunities and privileges freely granted to it by its first founders, the holy king Ethered, Oshere, sub-king of the Hwiccas, and the other kings of Mercia, Cenred, Ethelbald, Offa, Kenulf, Edward the Elder, Athelstan, Edmund, Edred, and Edgar.

Flowers of History. 08 Apr 1071. A general council of the kingdom of England was held, to discuss the question of the primacy of the church of Canterbury, as superior to the church of York, on the eighth of April. And at last it was decreed that the archbishop of Canterbury had the preeminence, and that the archbishop of York was subordinate to him in everything.

Accord of Winchester

In 1072 the Accord of Winchester established the primacy of the Archbishop of Canterbury over the Archbishop of York. It was signed by ...

King William "Conqueror" I of England (age 44) and Matilda Flanders Queen Consort England (age 41).

Archbishop Stigand.

Archbishop Ealdred who signed "I concede" whereas other signatories signed "I subscribe".

Bishop Wulfstan (age 64).

Herfast Bishop Chancellor.

In 1100 Archbishop Gerard was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 23 May 1100 Archbishop Thomas of Bayeux was elected Archbishop of York.

In Aug 1114 Archbishop Thurstan (age 44) was elected Archbishop of York.

Florence of Worcester Continuation. 1128. Thurstan (age 58), the archbishop, consecrated at York [Map], Robert, who had been intruded by Alexander, king of Scots, on the petition of David, his brother and successor, into the see of St. Andrew's. The archbishop had called in Ralph (age 68), bishop of Durham, and one Ralph, formerly ordained bishop of the Orkney islands, to be his coadjutors in the ceremony. This Ralph (age 68) having been ordained without the election or consent of the lord of the land, or of the clergy and people, was rejected by all of them, and acknowledged as bishop by no one. Being bishop of no city, he attached himself sometimes to the archbishop of York, sometimes to the bishop of Durham; he was supported by them, and employed by both as coadjutor in the performance of their episcopal functions.2 Robert, being consecrated by these bishops, was not permitted by the Scots, as it is reported, to make any profession of submission or obedience to the church of York or its bishop, although he was a canon of that church.

Note 2. This accounts for this Ralph's being called "bishop of Durham,' by Henry of Huntingdon and Roger of Wendover, who seem to have lost sight of his original and proper designation. The ubiquitous bishop forms a distinguished figure in the group sketched by the former author before the battle of the Standard, A.D. 1138, in which we are informed he was commissioned by the archbishop of York to supply his place. Henry of Huntingdon represents him as standing on a hillock, and addressing the army before the battle in a florid discourse, which the historian has preserved. See pp. 267—269, in the Antiq. Lib.

On 07 Dec 1147 Archbishop Henry Murdac was consecrated Archbishop of York by the future Pope Eugene III.

In 1191 Archbishop Geoffrey Plantagenet (age 39) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 10 Nov 1215 Archbishop Walter Grey (age 35) was elected Archbishop of York.

On 15 Oct 1266 Archbishop Walter Giffard (age 41) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 01 Nov 1266 Archbishop Walter Giffard (age 41) was enthroned as Archbishop of York.

On 29 Oct 1285 John le Romeyn Archbishop of York (age 55) was elected Archbishop of York.

On 10 Feb 1286 John le Romeyn Archbishop of York (age 56) was consecrated Archbishop of York by Latino Malabranca Orsini Cardinal in Rome, Italy.

On 09 Jun 1286 Latino Malabranca Orsini Cardinal was enthroned Archbishop of York.

In Jan 1315 Archbishop William Melton (age 40) was elected Archbishop of York.

In Sep 1317 Archbishop William Melton (age 42) was consecrated Archbishop of York at Avignon [Map].

On 02 May 1340 Archbishop William Zouche was appointed Archbishop of York.

In Nov 1373 Archbishop Alexander Neville (age 32) was elected Archbishop of York.

On 14 Apr 1374 Archbishop Alexander Neville (age 33) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 18 Dec 1374 Archbishop Alexander Neville (age 33) was consecrated as Archbishop of York at York Minster [Map].

On 03 Apr 1388 Archbishop Thomas Fitzalan aka Arundel (age 35) was appointed Archbishop of York at a time when Richard II was, in effect, suspended from rule.

On 05 Oct 1396 Archibishop Robert Waldby was appointed Archbishop of York.

Around May 1398 Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 48) was appointed Archbishop of York.

In 1464 Archbishop William Booth (age 76) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 15 Mar 1465 Archbishop George Neville (age 33) was appointed Archbishop of York.

George Neville's Enthronement as Archbishop of York

On 06 Sep 1465 Archbishop George Neville (age 33) was enthroned as Archbishop of York at Cawood Castle [Map]. Isabel Neville Duchess Clarence (age 14), Anne Neville Queen Consort England (age 9) and King Richard III of England (age 12) were present.

In 1476 Archbishop Lawrence Booth (age 56) was translated to Archbishop of York.

In 1480 Archbishop Thomas Rotherham (age 56) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 18 Jan 1501 Archbishop Thomas Savage (age 52) was appointed Archbishop of York.

In 1531 Archbishop Edward Lee (age 49) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 16 Jan 1545 Archbishop Robert Holgate (age 63) was translated to Archbishop of York.

In 1555 Archbishop Nicholas Heath (age 54) was appointed Archbishop of York.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 05 Jul 1559. The v day of July was deposyd of ther byshopeprykes the archebyshope of Yorke doctur Heth (age 58), and the bysshope of Ely docthur Thurlbe (age 53), at my lord treysorer('s) (age 76) plasse at Frers Augustyne.

Before 12 Aug 1560 Dean William May died. He had been elected Archbishop of York the same day.

On 27 Jan 1561 Archbishop Thomas Young (age 54) was elected Archbishop of York.

In 1570 Archbishop Edmund Grindal (age 51) was consecrated Archbishop of York.

In 1576 Archbishop Edwin Sandys (age 57) was consecrated Archbishop of York.

In 1631 Richard Neale Archbishop (age 68) was elected Archbishop of York.

In 1640 John Williams Archbishop of York (age 57) was appointed Archbishop of York.

In 1660 Accepted Frewen Archbishop York (age 71) was elected Archbishop of York.

Pepy's Diary. 04 Oct 1660. This morning I was busy looking over papers at the office all alone, and being visited by Lieut. Lambert (age 41) of the Charles (to whom I was formerly much beholden), I took him along with me to a little alehouse hard by our office, whither my cozen Thomas Pepys the turner had sent for me to show me two gentlemen that had a great desire to be known to me, one his name is Pepys, of our family, but one that I never heard of before, and the other a younger son of Sir Tho. Bendishes, and so we all called cozens. After sitting awhile and drinking, my two new cozens, myself, and Lieut. Lambert (age 41) went by water to Whitehall, and from thence I and Lieut. Lambert (age 41) to Westminster Abbey, where we saw Dr. Frewen (age 72) translated to the Archbishoprick of York. Here I saw the Bishops of Winchester (age 71), Bangor (age 75), Rochester (age 79), Bath and Wells (age 80), and Salisbury (age 68), all in their habits, in King Henry Seventh's chappell [Map]. But, Lord! at their going out, how people did most of them look upon them as strange creatures, and few with any kind of love or respect.

On 28 Apr 1664 Archbishop Richard Sterne (age 68) was elected Archbishop of York.

In 1683 Archbishop John Dolben (age 58) was appointed Archbishop of York.

Evelyn's Diary. 19 Aug 1683. I went to Bromley to visit our Bishop (age 58), and excellent neighbor, and to congratulate his now being made Archbishop of York. On the 28th, he came to take his leave of us, now preparing for his journey and residence in his province.

In 1688 Archbishop Thomas Lamplugh (age 73) was translated to Archbishop of York.

In 1691 Archbishop John Sharp (age 45) was appointed Archbishop of York.

In 1714 Archbishop William Dawes 3rd Baronet (age 42) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 21 Apr 1743 Archbishop Thomas Herring (age 50) was translated to Archbishop of York.

In 1757 Archbishop George Gilbert (age 63) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 03 Oct 1761 Robert Hay-Drummond Archbishop of York (age 49) was elected at Archbishop of York.

In 1776 Richard Terrick Bishop (age 66) refused the Archbishop of York on the grounds of ill health.

In 1777 Archbishop William Markham (age 58) was appointed Archbishop of York.

On 26 Nov 1807 Archbishop Edward Venables-Vernon-Harcourt (age 50) was elected Archbishop of York.

In 1860 Archibishop Charles Longley (age 65) was appointed Archbishop of York.

In 1862 Archbishop William Thomson (age 42) was elected Archbishop of York.

In 1891 Archbishop William Dalrymple Maclagan (age 64) was translated to Archbishop of York.

On 17 Mar 1891 Archbishop William Connor Magee (age 69) was appointed Archbishop of York. He died seven weeks later.

In 1908 Archibishop Cosmo Gordon Lang (age 43) was elected Archbishop of York.

Bede. HOW CEADDA, ABOVE-MENTIONED, WAS MADE BISHOP OF THE MERCIANS. OF HIS LIFE, DEATH, AND BURIAL.

At that time, the Mercians were governed by King Wulfhere, who, on the death of Jaruman, desired of Theodore to supply him and his people with a bishop; but Theodore would not obtain a new one for them, but requested of King Oswy that Ceadda might be their bishop. He then lived retired at his monastery, which is at Lestingau, Wilfrid filling the bishopric of York, and of all the Northumbrians, and likewise of the Picts, as far as the dominions of King Oswy extended. And, seeing that it was the custom of that most reverend prelate to go about the work of the Gospel to several places rather on foot than on horseback, Theodore commanded him to ride whenever he had a long journey to undertake, and finding him very unwilling to omit his former pious labour, he himself, with his hands, lifted him on the horse; for he thought him a holy man, and therefore obliged him to ride wherever lie had need to go. Ceadda having received the bishopric of the Mercians and Lindisfarne, took care to administer the same with great rectitude of life, according to the example of the ancients. King Wulfhere also gave him land of fifty families, to build a monastery, at the place called Barvc, or "The Wood," in the province of Lindsey, wherein marks of the regular life instituted by him continue to this day.