On this Day in History ... 01 September

01 Sep is in September.

1532 Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

1532 Cranmer appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

On 01 Sep 1067 Baldwin "The Good" V Count Flanders (age 55) died at Lille.

Around 01 Sep 1246 Raoul Lusignan II Count Eu (age 46) died.

On 01 Sep 1271 Pope Gregory X (age 41) was appointed Pope.

Betwee 31 Aug 1304 or 01 Sep 1304 to 06 Sep 1304 King Edward I (age 65) stayed at Horton Castle [Map].

On 01 Sep 1337 William Botreaux 1st Baron Botreaux was born to William Botreaux (age 21) and Isabel Moels at Botelet Herodsfoot, Lanreath.

On 01 Sep 1339 Henry Wittelsbach XIV Duke Bavaria (age 33) died.

On 01 Sep 1359 John Grey 1st Baron Grey (age 58) died at Rotherfield Greys. On 01 Sep 1359 His son John Grey 2nd Baron Grey (age 43) succeeded 2nd Baron Grey of Rotherfield 1338.

On 01 Sep 1414 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley (age 44) died. His son John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley (age 17) succeeded 7th Baron Ros Helmsley.

After 01 Sep 1414 William Ros 6th Baron Ros Helmsley (age 44) was buried at Belvoir Priory [Map]. At the dissolution of the monasteries his monument was moved to the Chancel of St Mary the Virgin Church, Bottesford, Leicestershire [Map] on the right side of the High Altar. Alabaster Monument of the Camail and Jupon Period. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.

Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields.

Scabbard with IHS. Wire Wrapped Grip. Hip Belt.

Detail of the Ros Family Peacock Crest surmounting his Great Helm.

Detail of decorated Orle and Vervelle Cover.

Detail of Lancastrian Esses Collar and face. Note the twisted moustache that is frequently seen on Sutton and Prentys monuments. The fixing of the Esses Collar to the Camail using a small trefoil.

On 01 Sep 1420 Philip Valois Orléans Count Vertus (age 26) died.

Before 01 Sep 1532 Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 49) and Margaret Stanley Countess Sussex were married. She by marriage Countess of Sussex. She the daughter of Thomas Stanley 2nd Earl of Derby and Anne Hastings Countess Derby (age 47). They were fourth cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.


Before 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn (age 31), using her father's title Anne Rochford, wrote to Bridget Wiltshire:

I pray you as you love me, to give credence to my servant this bearer, touching your removing and any thing else that he shall tell you on my behalf; for I will desire you to do nothing but that shall be for your wealth. And, madam, though at all time I have not showed the love that I bear you as much as it was in deed, yet now I trust that you shall well prove that I loved you a great deal more than I fair for. And assuredly, next mine own mother I know no woman alive that I love better, and at length, with God's grace, you shall prove that it is unfeigned. And I trust you do know me for such a one that I will write nothing to comfort you in your trouble but I will abide by it as long as I live. And therefore I pray you leave your indiscreet trouble, both for displeasing of God and also for displeasing of me, that doth love you so entirely. And trusting in God that you will thus do, I make an end. With the ill hand of

Your own assured friend during my life."

Anne Rochford


Anne Boleyn's Investiture as Marchioness of Pembroke

On 01 Sep 1532 Anne Boleyn (age 31) was created 1st Marquess Pembroke with Henry VIII (age 41) performing the investiture at Windsor Castle [Map]. Note she was created Marquess rather than the female form Marchioness alhough Marchioness if a modern form that possibly didn't exist at the time.

Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 55), Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 48), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 59), Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 37), Jean Dinteville, Archbishop Edward Lee (age 50), Bishop John Stokesley (age 57) were present.NOTEXT

Bishop Stephen Gardiner (age 49) read the Patent of Creation.

Mary Howard Duchess Richmond and Somerset (age 13) carried Anne's (age 31) train replacing her mother Elizabeth Stafford Duchess Norfolk (age 35) who had been banished from Court. Anne (age 31) and Mary (age 13) were cousins.NOTEXT

Charles Wriotheley (age 24) attended.

Annales of England by John Stow. 01 Sep 1533. The firste of September the Lady Anne Bolleine (age 32) was made Marchionesse of Pembrooke at Windsore, and then was gyuen hir by the King, one thousande pounde by yeare, [out of the Bishopricke of Durham].

Hall's Chronicle 1532. 01 Sep 1535. The King being in progress this summer, was advertised that the Pope and the French King, had appointed to meet at Marseilles in Provence, in the beginning of the next spring, wherefore the King like a wise and politic prince, thought it convenient to speak with the French King in his own person, before the Pope and he should come together, and to declare to him both the determination, of the Universities and Doctors concerning his matrimony, and also the general counsels, which ordained such causes, to be tried in the provinces and countries, where the doubt should rise, trusting that the French King should cause the Pope to incline to God’s law, and to leave his own traditions and avoid dispensations, whereupon both the princes concluded, to meet in October following, between Calais and Boulogne. Wherefore the King of England sent out his letters, to his nobility, prelates, and servants, commanding them to be ready at Canterbury, the 26th day of September, to passe the Seas with him, for the accomplishing of the interview, between him and his brother the Frenche King. Many men were sorry to hear, that the King should pass the sea in winter, and especially in October, when the seas be rough, but their sayings letted not his purpose: for he marched forward from Ampthill to Windsor, where on Sunday being the first day of September, he created the lady Anne Boleyn (age 34), Marchioness of Pembroke, and gave to her one thousand pound land by the year, and that solemnity finished, he rode to the College to Masse, and when the Masse was ended, a new league was concluded and sworn, between the King and the French King, Monsieur Pomoray the French Ambassador then being present. After which oath taken, Doctor Fox the King’s almoner, made an eloquent oration in Latin, in praise of peace, love, and amity. Which done the trumpets blew, and the King returned to the Castle, where was kept a solemn feast. From thence the King removed to Greenwich, and so forward to Canterbury, where at the day appointed, he found ready furnished, all such as were commanded to pass the sea with him, well and richly adorned, both they and their servants.

Cranmer appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

After 01 Sep 1532 Thomas Cranmer (age 43), whilst staying in Mantua, received a royal letter dated 01 Sep 1532 by which he was appointed Archbishop of Canterbury; he was ordered to return to England. Cranmer's appointment, supported, if not arranged, by the Boleyn family who he subsequently supported.


On 01 Sep 1545 Francis Bourbon Duke Estouteville (age 53) died.

On 01 Sep 1592 Bishop John Hacket was born.

Evelyn's Diary. 01 Sep 1662. Being invited by Lord Berkeley (age 34), I went to Durdans, where dined his Majesty (age 32), the Queen (age 23), Duke, Duchess (age 25), Prince Rupert (age 42), Prince Edward, and abundance of noblemen. I went, after dinner, to visit my brother (age 45) of Woodcot, my sister having been delivered of a son a little before, but who had now been two days dead.

Before 01 Sep 1678 Henry O'Brien (age 36) and Katherine Stewart (age 38) were married. He the son of Henry O'Brien 7th Earl Thomond (age 58) and Anne O'Brien Countess Thomond. They were third cousin once removed.

On 01 Sep 1715 Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 76) died at Palace of Versailles, Versailles. His great grandson Louis XV King France (age 5) succeeded XV King France: Capet Valois Bourbon.


On 01 Sep 1764 William Elector of Hesse (age 21) and Electress Wilhelmina Caroline Oldenburg (age 17) were married at Christiansborg Castle. She the daughter of Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 41) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway. He the son of Frederick Hesse-Kassel (age 44) and Mary Hanover (age 41). They were first cousins. He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. She a granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

PAINTINGS/BOTTNER/Wilhelm_Nassau_Family.jpg PAINTINGS/BOTTNER/Wilhelm_Nassau.jpg

On 01 Sep 1783 Hugh Clifford 4th Baron Clifford Chudleigh (age 56) died. His son Hugh Edward Henry Clifford 5th Baron Clifford Chudleigh (age 27) succeeded 5th Baron Clifford of Chudleigh in Devon. Apollonia Langdale Baroness Clifford (age 28) by marriage Baroness Clifford of Chudleigh in Devon.

On 01 Sep 1797 William Fitzgerald De Ros 22nd Baron Ros Helmsley was born to Henry Fitzgerald (age 36) and Charlotte Boyle 20th Baroness Ros Helmsley (age 28) at Thames Ditton, Surrey [Map]. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 01 Sep 1831 Matthew Robinson Montagu 4th Baron Rokeby (age 68) died. His son Edward Robinson Montagu 5th Baron Rokeby (age 44) succeeded 5th Baron Rokeby.

On 01 Sep 1845 Paul Methuen 3rd Baron Methuen was born to Frederick Methuen 2nd Baron Methuen (age 27) and Anna Horatia Sanford Baroness Methuen.

On 01 Sep 1859 Granville Waldegrave 4th Baron Radstock was born to Granville Waldegrave 3rd Baron Radstock (age 26) and Susan Calcraft (age 26).

On 09 Aug 1914 Alastair Windsor 2nd Duke Connaught and Strathearn was born to Prince Arthur of Connaught (age 31) and Princess Alexandra Duff Duchess Fife (age 23) at 54 Mount Street Grosvenor Square. He was baptised on 01 Sep 1914 at his parent's home. His godparents were his maternal great-uncle George V King United Kingdom (age 49), Alfonso XIII King Spain (age 28), his maternal great-grandmother Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England (age 69), his grandfather Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn (age 64), his great-aunt Princess Louise Caroline Alberta Windsor Duchess Argyll (age 66) and his cousin Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood (age 17). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.85%.

On 01 Sep 1920 Edward Roche 2nd Baron Fermoy (age 70) died. His brother James Roche 3rd Baron Fermoy (age 69) succeeded 3rd Baron Fermoy although he died two months later.