On this Day in History ... 3rd October

03 Oct is in October.

1431 Siege of Louviers

1470 Re-adeption of King Henry VI

1594 Battle of Glenlivet

1642 Siege of Portsmouth

1665 Great Plague of London

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 3rd October

On 03 Oct 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince of Wales (age 45) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Shrewsbury, Shropshire [Map]. The first prominent person known to have suffered being hanged, drawn and quartered. Dafydd (age 45) was dragged through the streets of Shrewsbury, Shropshire [Map] attached to a horse's tail, then hanged alive, revived, then disembowelled and his entrails burned before him for "his sacrilege in committing his crimes in the week of Christ's passion", and then his body cut into four-quarters "for plotting the king's death". Geoffrey of Shrewsbury was paid 20 shillings for carrying out the act.

On 03 Oct 1431 Thomas Beaufort Count Perche (age 26) was killed at Louviers, Eure, Haute Normandie during the Siege of Louviers.

On 03 Oct 1470 Henry VI (age 48) was re-adepted, ie restored, King England.

Thomas Tresham (age 50) was released.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 03 Oct 1561. [The iij day of October came to London to Gracechurch] strett, to the Cross-keys, xviij grett horses [all pyed-coloured] from the kyng of Swaythland (age 27).

On 03 Oct 1568 Elizabeth Valois Queen Consort Spain (age 23) died.

On 03 Oct 1594 Archibald Campbell 7th Earl Argyll (age 19) commanded during the Battle of Glenlivet.

On 03 Oct 1611 Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain (age 26) died.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Oct 1642. To Chichester [Map], and hence the next day to see the Siege of Portsmouth; for now was that bloody difference between the King and Parliament broken out, which ended in the fatal tragedy so many years after. It was on the day of its being rendered to Sir William Waller (age 45); which gave me an opportunity of taking my leave of Colonel Goring (age 34), the governor, now embarking for France. This day was fought that signal battle at Edgehill. Thence I went to Southampton, Hampshire [Map] and Winchester, Hampshire [Map], where I visited the castle, school, church, and King Arthur's Round Table; but especially the church [Map], and its Saxon kings' monuments, which I esteemed a worthy antiquity.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Oct 1660. Arrived the Queen-Mother (age 50) in England, whence she had been banished for almost twenty years; together with her illustrious daughter, the Princess Henrietta (age 16), divers princes and noblemen, accompanying them.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Oct 1662. Visited Mr. Wright (age 45), a Scotchman, who had lived long at Rome, and was esteemed a good painter. The pictures of the Judges at Guildhall are of his hand, and so are some pieces in Whitehall [Map], as the roof in his Majesty's (age 32) old bedchamber, being Astræa, the St. Catherine, and a chimney-piece in the Queen's (age 23) privy chamber; but his best, in my opinion, is Lacy, the famous Roscius or comedian, whom he has painted in three dresses, as a gallant, a Presbyterian minister, and a Scotch highlander in his plaid. It is in his Majesty's (age 32) dining room at Windsor Castle. He had at his house an excellent collection, especially that small piece of Correggio, Scotus of de la Marca, a design of Paulo; and, above all, those ruins of Polydore, with some good agates and medals, especially a Scipio, and a Cæsar's head of gold.

Pepy's Diary. 03 Oct 1665. This night I hear that of our two watermen that use to carry our letters, and were well on Saturday last, one is dead, and the other dying sick of the plague. The plague, though decreasing elsewhere, yet being greater about the Tower [Map] and thereabouts.

On 03 Oct 1685 Juan Carreño de Miranda (age 71) died.

On 03 Oct 1722 Johann Heinrich Tischbein was born.

On 03 Oct 1755 George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth was born to William Legge 2nd Earl Dartmouth (age 24) and Frances Catherine Gounter Nicoll Countess Dartmouth (age 22).

After 03 Oct 1827. Memorials to John Quincey, Surgeon to his Majesty's Forces, and Jeremiah Quincey.

On 03 Oct 1843 Luke Fildes was born.

On 03 Oct 1860 Alfred Edward Chalon (age 80) died at Campden Hill.

On 03 Oct 1883 Ida Rubinstein Dancer was born.

On 03 Oct 1896 William Morris (age 62) died.

Births on the 3rd October

On 03 Oct 1292 Eleanor Clare Baroness Zouche Mortimer was born to Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford (age 49) and Joan of Acre Countess Gloucester and Hertford (age 20) at Caerphilly Castle [Map]. She a granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 03 Oct 1343 Walter Ufford was born to Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk (age 45) and Margaret Norwich Countess Suffolk (age 57).

On 03 Oct 1390 Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester was born to King Henry IV of England (age 23) and Mary Bohun (age 22). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.60%.

On 03 Oct 1474 Margaret Blount was born to Simon Blount (age 26).

On 03 Oct 1570 Bishop George Coke was born to Richard Coke of Trusley (age 40).

On 03 Oct 1603 Richard Knightley was born to Seymour Knightley (age 23) and Dorothy Bedell (age 19).

On 03 Oct 1637 George Gordon 1st Earl Aberdeen was born to John Gordon 1st Baronet (age 27).

On or before 03 Oct 1653 Johnathan Edwardes was born to Thomas Edwardes 1st Baronet (age 54).

On 03 Oct 1672 Penelope Evelyn Lady Alston was born to Edward Evelyn 1st Baronet (age 46).

On 03 Oct 1677 John Evelyn of Nutfield was born to George Evelyn of Nutfield (age 35) and Margaret Webb (age 24).

On 03 Oct 1681 Thomas Fane 6th Earl of Westmoreland was born to Vere Fane 4th Earl of Westmoreland (age 36) and Rachel Bence Countess of Westmoreland.

On 03 Oct 1698 William Pepys was born to John Pepys.

On 03 Oct 1712 Thomas Rutherforth was born.

On 03 Oct 1722 Johann Heinrich Tischbein was born.

On 03 Oct 1755 George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth was born to William Legge 2nd Earl Dartmouth (age 24) and Frances Catherine Gounter Nicoll Countess Dartmouth (age 22).

On 03 Oct 1763 Arthur Hill-Trevor 2nd Viscount Dungannon was born to Arthur Hill-Trevor (age 24).

On 03 Oct 1768 Susan Fane was born to John Fane 9th Earl of Westmoreland (age 40) and Susan Gordon Countess of Westmoreland (age 16).

On 03 Oct 1773 Lieutenant General Frederick William Buller was born to John Buller (age 52) and Elizabeth Caroline Hunter.

On 03 Oct 1789 Henry Pottinger 1st Baronet was born to Eldred Curwen Pottinger (age 36).

On 03 Oct 1790 Eleanor Maitland was born to James Maitland 8th Earl Lauderdale (age 31) and Eleanor Todd Countess Lauderdale (age 28).

On 03 Oct 1792 Georgiana Frederica Fitzroy was born to Henry Fitzroy (age 27) and Anne Wellesley (age 24).

On 03 Oct 1793 John George Lennox was born to Charles Lennox 4th Duke Richmond (age 29) and Charlotte Gordon Duchess Richmond (age 25). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Oct 1795 Thomas Bannerman was born to Thomas Bannerman (age 52).

On 03 Oct 1824 Charles Swinton Hogg was born to James Hogg 1st Baronet (age 34) and Mary Swinton.

On 03 Oct 1842 George Edward Dallas 3rd Baronet was born to Robert Dallas 2nd Baronet (age 37).

On 03 Oct 1843 Luke Fildes was born.

On 03 Oct 1860 Paul Holstein Gottorp Romanov was born to Tsar Alexander II of Russia (age 42) and Maria Alexandrovna Hesse Darmstadt (age 36). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.67%.

On 03 Oct 1883 Ida Rubinstein Dancer was born.

On 03 Oct 1891 Maurice Mountbatten was born to Henry Mountbatten (age 32) and Princess Beatrice (age 34). He a grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 03 Oct 1898 Joanna Marie "Zizi" Rangabe Lambrino was born to General Constantin Lambrino.

On 03 Oct 1899 Edward FitzClarence 6th Earl of Munster was born to Brigadier-General Charles FitzClarence (age 34) and Violet Spencer-Churchill (age 35). He a great x 2 grandson of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

On 03 Oct 1909 Charles Francis Sweeny was born.

On 03 Oct 1930 Nicholas Eden 2nd Earl Avon was born to Robert Anthony Eden 1st Earl Avon (age 33) and Beatrice Helen Beckett (age 25).

On 03 Oct 1931 Rosemary Mitcham was born.

On 25 Oct 2013 Rosemary Mitcham (age 82) died.

On 03 Oct 1947 Richard Bridgeman 7th Earl of Bradford was born to Gerald Bridgeman 6th Earl of Bradford (age 36) and Mary Willoughby Montgomery Countess Bradford.

On 03 Oct 1947 Mary Helen Fane was born to Captain Henry William Newman Fane (age 50) and Dorothy Mary Findlay (age 42).

On 03 Oct 1961 David Armstrong-Jones 2nd Earl of Snowdon was born to Antony Armstrong-Jones 1st Earl of Snowdon (age 31) and Princess Margaret (age 31) at Clarence House. He a grandson of King George VI of the United Kingdom.

Marriages on the 3rd October

On 03 Oct 1599 William Murray 2nd Earl Tullibardine (age 25) and Cecilia Wemyss were married. She the daughter of John Wemyss 1st Earl of Wemyss (age 13) and Jane Gray Countess Wemyss. He the son of John Murray 1st Earl Tullibardine and Catherine Drummond Countess Tullibardine. They were second cousin once removed. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

Before 03 Oct 1614 John Halliday and Alice Ferrers were married.

On 03 Oct 1617 William Ramsay 1st Earl Dalhousie and Margaret Carnegie Countess Dalhousie (age 18) were married. She the daughter of David Carnegie 1st Earl Southesk (age 42).

On 03 Oct 1620 Lewis Watson 1st Baron Rockingham (age 33) and Eleanor Manners Baroness Rockingham (age 20) were married.

After 03 Oct 1713 Thomas Gage 1st Viscount Gage (age 12) and Benedicta Maria Theresa Hall Viscountess Gage were married.

On 03 Oct 1714 Chichester Wrey (age 28) and Margaret Pyne were married at Heavitree, Devon.

On 03 Oct 1725 John St Aubyn 3rd Baronet (age 29) and Catherine Morice Lady St Aubyn were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly. She brough £10,000 cash to the marriage, and the manor of Stoke-Damerel, including Devonport.

On 03 Oct 1770 Lockhart Gordon (age 38) and Catherine Wallop were married. He the son of John Gordon 3rd Earl Aboyne and Grace Lockhart Countess Aboyne.

On 03 Oct 1771 Armar Lowry-Corry 1st Earl Belmore (age 31) and Margaret Butler (age 23) were married. She by marriage Countess Belmore in the County of Fermanagh.

On 03 Oct 1781 Henry Neville 2nd Earl Abergavenny (age 26) and Mary Robinson Countess Abergavenny (age 21) were married. He the son of George Neville 1st Earl Abergavenny (age 54) and Henrietta Pelham Baroness Bergavenny.

On 03 Oct 1791 Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter (age 37) and Sarah Hoggins Countess Exeter (age 17) were married at St Mildred's Church, Bread Street.

On 03 Oct 1843 Thomas Legh (age 50) and Maud Lowther were married.

On 22 Jan 1847 Reverend Brabazon Lowther (age 35) and Ellen Jane Legh (age 16) were married. He her step-uncle ie brother of her step-mother Maud Lowther who had married her father Thomas Legh (age 50) on 03 Oct 1843.

On 03 Oct 1861 Arthur Townley Watson 2nd Baronet (age 31) and Rosamund Rushworth Lady Watson were married.

On 03 Oct 1864 Charles Henry Gurney (age 30) and Alice Maria Prinsep (age 20) were married.

On 03 Oct 1933 John Digby Pepys 7th Earl of Cottenham (age 26) and Angela Neville Countess Cottenham (age 23) were married. She the daughter of Guy Larnach Neville 4th Marquess Abergavenny (age 50) and Isabel "Nellie" Larnach Marchioness Abergavenny (age 43). He the son of Kenelm Charles Pepys 4th Earl of Cottenham and Rose Neville Countess Cottentham. They were first cousin once removed.

On 03 Oct 1945 Charles James Ruthven Howard 12th Earl Carlisle (age 22) and Ela Helen Aline Beaumont Countess Carlisle (age 20) were married. She by marriage Countess Carlisle. He the son of George Josslyn L'Estrange Howard 11th Earl Carlisle (age 50) and Bridget Helen "Biddy" Ruthven Countess Carlisle (age 49).

Deaths on the 3rd October

On 03 Oct 818 Ermengarde Hesbaye Queen Consort Aquitaine (age 40) died.

On 03 Oct 1283 Dafydd ap Gruffudd Aberffraw Prince of Wales (age 45) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Shrewsbury, Shropshire [Map]. The first prominent person known to have suffered being hanged, drawn and quartered. Dafydd (age 45) was dragged through the streets of Shrewsbury, Shropshire [Map] attached to a horse's tail, then hanged alive, revived, then disembowelled and his entrails burned before him for "his sacrilege in committing his crimes in the week of Christ's passion", and then his body cut into four-quarters "for plotting the king's death". Geoffrey of Shrewsbury was paid 20 shillings for carrying out the act.

On 03 Oct 1319 Richard de Weyland (age 28) died.

On 03 Oct 1379 Alice Hotham died.

On 03 Oct 1399 Eleanor Bohun Duchess Gloucester (age 33) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. She has a monumental brass, representing the deceased in her conventual dress, as a nun of Barking Abbey [Map].

On 03 Oct 1404 Joan Burghesh Baroness Dunster (age 85) died at Guest House Canterbury Cathedral. She was buried at Canterbury, Kent [Map].

On 03 Oct 1431 Thomas Beaufort Count Perche (age 26) was killed at Louviers, Eure, Haute Normandie during the Siege of Louviers.

On 03 Oct 1437 Agnes Dronsfield (age 64) died.

After 03 Oct 1458 Alice Wichingham died. Her will of 03 Oct 1458 bequeaths her body to be buried in the church of the friars-preachers at Norwich.

On 03 Oct 1509 John Danvers (age 31) died.

On 03 Oct 1556 John Champneys (age 61) died. He was buried on 08 Oct 1556 at the Church of St Mary the Virgin, Bexley.

On 03 Oct 1559 Ercole Este II Duke Ferrara (age 51) died. His son Alfonso Este II Duke Ferrara (age 25) succeeded II Duke Ferrara.

On 03 Oct 1568 Elizabeth Valois Queen Consort Spain (age 23) died.

On 03 Oct 1579 Richard Cooke (age 49) died.

On 03 Oct 1584 Gilbert Dethick (age 74) died. Robert Cooke (age 49) served as Acting Garter King of Arms until the appointment of Gilbert's son William Dethick Officer of Arms (age 44) on 21 Apr 1586.

On 03 Oct 1595 John Maitland 1st Lord Maitland of Thirlestane (age 50) died.

On 03 Oct 1606 Robert Stapleton (age 59) died.

On 03 Oct 1611 Margaret of Austria Queen Consort Spain (age 26) died.

Before 03 Oct 1614 John Halliday died.

On 03 Oct 1614 Alice Ferrers died.

On 03 Oct 1632 Henry Poole (age 68) died.

On 03 Oct 1633 John Gage 1st Baronet (age 63) died. His son Thomas Gage 2nd Baronet (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baronet Gage of Firley in Sussex.

On 29 Sep 1635 Eleanor Stansfield (age 36) died. On 03 Oct 1635 she was buried at St John's Church, Wotton.

On 03 Oct 1642 Charles Howard 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 63) died. His half brother Charles Howard 3rd Earl Nottingham (age 31) succeeded 3rd Earl Nottingham, 4th Baron Howard of Effingham. Arabella Smith Countess Nottingham by marriage Countess Nottingham.

Before 03 Oct 1646 Roland Egerton 1st Baronet (age 52) died. On 03 Oct 1646 he was buried at Farthinghoe, Northamptonshire. His son John Egerton 2nd Baronet succeeded 2nd Baronet Egerton and Oulton.

On 03 Oct 1668 Wingfield Cromwell 2nd Earl Ardglass (age 44) died. His son Thomas Cromwell 3rd Earl Ardglass (age 14) succeeded 3rd Earl Ardglass.

On 03 Oct 1685 Juan Carreño de Miranda (age 71) died.

On 03 Oct 1701 Joseph Williamson (age 68) died in Cobham, Kent. He was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map]. He left £6,000 and his library to Queen's College, Oxford.

On 03 Oct 1715 Thomas Palmer (age 55) died.

On 03 Oct 1722 Edward Montagu Viscount Hinchingbrooke (age 30) died at Abbey House. He was buried at All Saints Church, Barnwell [Map].

On 03 Oct 1739 Catalina Ventura Colón Duchess Berwick 9th Duchess Veragua (age 49) died. Her son James Fitz James 3rd Duke Berwick 10th Duke Veragua (age 20) succeeded 10th Duke Veragua. Maria Teresa Silva Duchess Berwick and Veragua (age 23) by marriage Duchess Veragua.

On 03 Oct 1740 Robert Corbet 4th Baronet (age 70) died. His son William Corbet 5th Baronet (age 38) succeeded 5th Baronet Corbet of Stoke on Tern in Shropshire.

On 03 Oct 1778 Thomas Fitzherbert died.

On 03 Oct 1781 William Stourton 16th Baron Stourton (age 77) died. His son Charles Philip Stourton 17th Baron Stourton (age 29) succeeded 17th Baron Stourton.

Before 03 Oct 1782 Mary Cotes (age 67) died.

On 03 Oct 1790 Bellingham Graham 5th Baronet (age 61) died. His son Bellingham Graham 6th Baronet (age 26) succeeded 6th Baronet Graham of Norton Conyers in Yorkshire.

On 03 Oct 1812 Valentine Browne 1st Earl of Kenmare (age 58) died. His son Valentine Browne 2nd Earl of Kenmare (age 24) succeeded 2nd Earl Kenmare, 2nd Viscount Kenmare.

On 03 Oct 1819 Gertrude Trevor Roper 19th Baroness Dacre Gilsland (age 69) died. Her son Thomas Brand 20th Baron Dacre (age 45) succeeded 20th Baron Dacre Gilsland.

On 03 Oct 1828 George Grey 1st Baronet (age 60) died at the Commissioner's Residence Portsmouth Dockyard. His son George Grey 2nd Baronet (age 29) succeeded 2nd Baronet Grey of Fallodon.

On 03 Oct 1829 Reverend William Gresley of Seale, Leicestershire (age 69) died.

On 03 Oct 1846 John Thomas Henry Somerset (age 59) died.

On 03 Oct 1855 Robert Adair (age 92) died.

On 03 Oct 1859 George Child-Villiers 5th Earl Jersey (age 86) died. His son George Child-Villiers 6th Earl Jersey (age 51) succeeded 6th Earl Jersey, 9th Viscount Grandison, 6th Viscount Villiers, 6th Baron Villiers. Julia Peel Countess Jersey by marriage Countess Jersey.

On 03 Oct 1860 Alfred Edward Chalon (age 80) died at Campden Hill.

On 03 Oct 1864 Georgina Morris (age 53) died.

On 03 Oct 1871 Edith Jocelyn Countess Arran (age 26) died.

On 03 Oct 1875 Charlotte Ann Josephine Tennant Lady Rycroft died.

On 03 Oct 1885 John Crichton 3rd Earl Erne (age 83) died.

On 03 Oct 1890 Emily Elizabeth Noel (age 60) died.

On 03 Oct 1891 Admiral George Grey (age 82) died.

On 03 Oct 1895 Cecil Josephine Bertie (age 22) died.

On 03 Oct 1895 Captain Arthur Grenville Fortescue (age 36) died.

On 03 Oct 1896 William Morris (age 62) died.

On 03 Oct 1917 Burton Robert Williams 6th Baronet (age 28) was killed in action whilst serving as Lieutenant in the 3rd Battalion, Devon Regiment. His uncle Frederick Law Williams 7th Baronet (age 54) succeeded 7th Baronet Williams of Tregullow in Cornwall.

On or before 03 Oct 1922, the date he was buried, Robert Henry Meyricke (age 79) died.

On 03 Oct 1930 Granville Cecil Douglas Gordon (age 47) died.

On 03 Oct 1932 Frederic Glyn 4th Baron Wolverton (age 68) died. His son Nigel Reginald Victor Glyn 5th Baron Wolverton (age 28) succeeded 5th Baron Wolverton.

On 03 Oct 1936 Coplestone John de Grey Warwick Bampfylde (age 22) died from a fall from a horse shortly after representing his country as a member of the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games fencing team. The Bampfylde Memorial Garden in the churchyard of All Saints' Church, North Molton was created in his memory, being a walled and sunken lawned garden, in the centre of which stands his gravestone inscribed: In memory of Coplestone John de Grey Warwick Bampfylde, Royal Horse Guards, beloved only son of the 4th Baron Poltimore. Died 3 October 1936 in his 23rd year.

On 03 Oct 1942 Arthur Ralph Wilmot 7th Baronet (age 33) died in North Africa; the result of an accident. He was a Major with the 1st Bn, The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)- Service No:41240. His son Robert Arthur Wilmot 8th Baronet (age 2) succeeded 8th Baronet Wilmot of Chaddesden in Derbyshire.

On 03 Oct 1960 Charles Peter Denys 4th Baronet (age 61) died.

On 03 Oct 1970 Viktoria Adelheid Glücksburg (age 84) died.

On 03 Oct 2015 Michael Le Marchant (age 78) died.