On this Day in History ... 09 April

09 Apr is in April.

1347 Tournament at Lichfield

1413 Coronation of Henry V

1483 Death of Edward IV

1484 Death of King Richard III's Heir

1689 Coronation William III and Mary II

1748 Battle of Santiago de Cuba

1868 Death of Lord Cardigan

On 09 Apr 715 Pope Constantine I (age 51) died.

On 09 Apr 1283 Margaret "Maid of Norway" I Queen Scotland was born to Eric II King Norway (age 15) and Margaret Dunkeld Queen Consort Norway (age 22) at Tønsberg. Margaret Dunkeld Queen Consort Norway (age 22) died in childbirth. She was buried at Tønsberg. She a great granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 09 Apr 1328 Thomas Fitzgerald 2nd Earl of Kildare died. His son Richard Fitzgerald 3rd Earl of Kildare (age 11) succeeded 3rd Earl Kildare.

Tournament at Lichfield

On 09 Apr 1347 Edward "Black Prince" (age 16) attended a Tournament at Lichfield. John Lisle 2nd Baron Lisle (age 28), Hugh Courtenay 10th Earl Devon (age 43) (or possibly his son also Hugh Courtenay (age 20) ) and Robert Ferrers 3rd Baron Ferrers of Chartley (age 38) took part in the Tournament.

On 09 Apr 1409 Philip Valois II Count Nevers (age 19) and Isabelle Coucy Countess Nevers (age 23) were married at Soissons. She by marriage Countess Nevers. She the daughter of Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons and Isabelle of Lorraine. He the son of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 09 Apr 1410 James Berkeley 11th and 1st Baron Berkeley (age 16) and Unamed St John were married. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1477 John Hastings 9th Baron Hastings (age 65) died at Elsing. His son Hugh Hastings 10th Baron Hastings (age 40) de jure 10th Baron Hastings 1C 1290. Anne Gascoigne Baroness Hastings (age 41) by marriage Baroness Hastings.

Death of Edward IV

On 09 Apr 1483 King Edward IV of England (age 40) died at Westminster [Map]. His son King Edward V of England (age 12) succeeded V King England. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (age 28).

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More. As soon as the King (age 40) was departed, that noble Prince (age 12) his son drew toward London, who at the time of his father's death kept household at Ludlow [Map] in Wales. Such country, being far off from the law and recourse to justice, was begun to be far out of good will and had grown up wild with robbers and thieves walking at liberty uncorrected. And for this reason the Prince (age 12) was, in the life of his father, sent thither, to the end that the authority of his presence should restrain evilly disposed persons from the boldness of their former outrages. To the governance and ordering of this young Prince (age 12), at his sending thither, was there appointed Sir Anthony Woodville, Lord Rivers (age 43) and brother unto the Queen (age 46), a right honorable man, as valiant of hand as politic in counsel. Adjoined were there unto him others of the same party, and, in effect, every one as he was nearest of kin unto the Queen (age 46) was so planted next about the Prince (age 12).

Mémoires de Philippe de Commynes Chapter 6 Section 8. Dès l'heure que le roy Edouard fut mort, le Roy nostre maistre en fut adverty, et n'en feit nulle joye quant il le sceut:

From the hour that King Edward IV (age 40) died, the King our master was made aware, and took no joy in it [Note. Not clear what il le sceut means!]

et peu de jours après receut lettres du duc de Clocestre, qui s'estoit faict roy d'Angleterre1, et se signoit Richard, lequel avoit faict mourir les deux filz du roy Edouard son frère.

And few days after he received letters from the Duke of Gloucester (age 30), who had become the King of England, and signed Richard, who had caused the death of the two sons [Note. The Princes in the Tower King Edward V of England (age 12) and Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke York (age 9)] of King Edward (age 40) his brother.

Lequel roy Richard requeroit l'amytié du Roy, et croy qu'il eust bien voulu ravoir reste pension;

King Richard (age 30) wanted the friendship of the King, and belived he would continue to receive the pension;

mais le Roy ne voulut respondre à ses lettres, ne ouyr le messagier, et l'estima très cruel et mauvais:

but the King didn't want to respond to the letters, nor hear the messanger, and considered him very cruel and bad:

car, après le trespas dudict roy Edouard, ledict duc de Clocestre avoit faict hommaige à son nepveu, comme à son roy et souverain seigneur, et incontinent après commit ce cas.

since, after the [Note. didict? Possibly dudit ie said] crime against King Edward, the Duke of Gloucester (age 30) gave homage to his nephew, as his King and sovereign lord, and [Note. incontinent?] after commited this case.

Et, en plain parlement d'Angleterre, feit desgrader deux filles dudict roy Edouard et desclarer bastardes, soubz couleur3 qu'il prouva par ung evesque de Bas4 en Angleterre

And, in the parliament of England, had degraded the two daughters of the said King of England (age 40) and declared them bastards, on the pretext of the evidence of a Bishop of Bath (age 63) in England

(qui aultresfois avoit eu grant credit avec ledict roy Edouard, et puis le desappoincta, et le tint en prison, et puis le ranconna d'une somme d'argent):

(who formerley had great credit with the King Edward then disappointed him, and held him in prison, and then ransomed himself with a sum of money)

lequel evesque disoit que ledict roy Edouard avoit promis foy de mariaige à une dame d'Angleterre (qu'il nommoit)5 pour ce qu'il en estoit amoureux, pour en avoir son plaisir;

which Bishop (age 63) said that King Edward (age 40) had promised [Note. foy? ] marriage to an English lady [who he named] who he was in love with, to have his pleasure; [See Edward IV marries Eleanor Talbot possibly].

et en avoit faict la promesse en la main dudict evesque (age 63), et, sur ceste promesse, coucha avec elle: et ne le faisoit que pour la tromper.

and had made this promise in the presence of the Bishop (age 63), and, on this promise, slept with her: and did this to deceive her. See The Princes of the Tower described as Illegitimate.

Toutesfois telz jeux sont bien dangereux, tesmoing ces enseignes. J'ay veu beaucoup de gens de court qui, une bonne adventure qui leur eust pleu en tel cas, ilz ne l'eussent point perdue par faulte de promettre.

Nevertheless such games are very dangerous, [Note. tesmoing?] these signs. I saw alot of courtiers who, having the opportunity of such an adventure, would not have lost it for the sake of a promise.

Et ce mauvais evesque garda ceste vengeance en son cueur, par adventure vingt ans; mais il luy en meschut:

And this bad Bishop (age 63) guarded revenge in his heart, for twenty years; but he is in [Note. meshut?]:

car il avoit ung filz, qu'il aymoit fort, à qui ledict roy Richard (age 30) vouloit faire de grans biens et luy faire espouser l'une de ces deux filles, desgradees de leur dignité, laquelle de présent est royne d'Angleterre et a deux beaux enfans.

because he had a son, who he loved very much, whom King Richard (age 30) wished to do great things and to marry one of the two daughters, beneath their dignity, one of whom is now the present Queen of England (age 17) and has two beautiful children.

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More. When these lords [Note. William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 52), John Grey] with diverse others of both parties were come into his presence, the King (age 40), lifting up himself and propped up with pillows, as it is reported, after this fashion said unto them:

My lords, my dear kinsmen and allies, in what plight I lie, you see, and I feel. By which, the less while I expect to live with you, the more deeply am I moved to care in what case I leave you, for such as I leave you, such be my children like to find you. That if they should (God forbid) find you at variance, might by chance fall themselves at war before their discretion would serve to set you at peace. You see their youth, of which I reckon the only security to rest in your concord. For it suffices not that all you love them, if each of you hate the other. If they were men, your faithfulness by chance would suffice. But childhood must be maintained by men's authority, and slippery youth supported with elder counsel, which neither they can have unless you give it, nor can you give it if you do not agree. For where each labors to break what the other makes, and for hatred of each other's person impugns each other's counsel, it must needs be long before any good conclusion go forward. And also while either party labors to be chief, flattery shall have more place than plain and faithful advice, of which must needs ensue the evil bringing up of the Prince, whose mind in tender youth infected shall readily fall to mischief and riot, and draw down with this noble realm to ruin-unless grace turn him to wisdom, which if God send, then they who by evil means before pleased him best shall after fall furthest out of favor, so that ever at length evil plans drive to nothing and good plain ways prosper.

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More. King Edward of that name the Fourth (age 40), after he had lived fifty and three years, seven months, and six days, and thereof reigned two and twenty years, one month, and eight days, died at Westminster the ninth day of April, the year of our redemption, a thousand four hundred four score and three, leaving much fair issue, that is, Edward the Prince (age 12), thirteen years of age; Richard Duke of York (age 9), two years younger; Elizabeth (age 17), whose fortune and grace was after to be queen, wife unto King Henry the Seventh (age 26), and mother unto the Eighth; Cecily (age 14) not so fortunate as fair; Brigette (age 2), who, representing the virtue of her whose name she bore, professed and observed a religious life in Dertford [Map], a house of cloistered Nuns; Anne (age 7), who was after honorably married unto Thomas (age 10), then Lord Howard and after Earl of Surrey; and Katherine (age 3), who long time tossed in either fortune-sometime in wealth, often in adversity-at the last, if this be the last, for yet she lives, is by the goodness of her nephew, King Henry the Eighth, in very prosperous state, and worthy her birth and virtue.NOTEXT

After 09 Apr 1483 King Edward IV of England (age 40) lay in state at St Stephen's Chapel [Map].

Death of King Richard III's Heir

On 09 Apr 1484 Edward York Prince of Wales (age 10) died at Middleham Castle [Map] leaving his father King Richard III of England (age 31) without an heir. Duke Cornwall, Earl Salisbury 4C 1478, Earl Chester 6C 1483 extinct.

On 09 Apr 1494 Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox and Elizabeth Hamilton Countess Lennox (age 19) were married. She by marriage Countess Lennox. He the son of John Stewart 1st Earl Lennox (age 64) and Margaret Montgomerie Countess Lennox. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 09 Apr 1609 Bishop William Overton (age 84) died. Monument at Holy Trinity Church Eccleshall [Map] with his two wives.


On 09 Apr 1632 Robert Rich 3rd Earl Warwick (age 20) and Anne Cavendish Countess Warwick (age 21) were married at Battersea, Surrey. She by marriage Countess Warwick. She the daughter of William Cavendish 2nd Earl Devonshire and Christian Bruce Countess Devonshire. He the son of Robert Rich 2nd Earl Warwick (age 44) and Frances Hatton Countess Warwick.

On 09 Apr 1667 Katherine Wotton Countess Chesterfield (age 58) died. Earl Chesterfield 2C 1660 extinct.


On 09 Apr 1668 Thomas Hickman Windsor 1st Earl Plymouth (age 41) and Ursula Widdrington Countess Plymouth (age 20) were married. They had six children. The difference in their ages was 20 years.

On 09 Apr 1672 Thomas Willoughby 1st Baron Middleton was born to Francis Willoughby (age 36) and Emma Barnard (age 26).

On 31 Mar 1678 Richard Sanford was born to John Sanford of Nynehead Florey, Somerset (age 40) and Elizabeth Knightley (age 24). He was baptised the same day. On 07 Apr 1678 he died. On 09 Apr 1638 he was buried at St Mary's Church, Fawsley [Map].

Coronation William III and Mary II

On 09 Apr 1689 a number of new peers were created at the Coronation William III and Mary II ...

Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton (age 59) was created 1st Duke Bolton.

Charles Mordaunt 3rd Earl Peterborough 1st Earl Monmouth (age 31) was created 1st Earl Monmouth 2C 1689. Carey Fraser Countess Peterborough and Monmouth (age 29) by marriage Countess Monmouth.

Thomas Belasyse 1st Earl Fauconberg (age 62) was created 1st Earl Fauconberg 1C 1689. Mary Cromwell Countess Fauconberg (age 52) by marriage Countess Fauconberg.

William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland (age 39) was created 1st Earl of Portland 2C 1689.

On 09 Apr 1691 Thomas Willoughby 1st Baron Middleton (age 19) and Elizabeth Rothwell Baroness Willoughby Broke Baroness Middleton were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby Broke.


On 09 Apr 1703 Edward Ward 8th Baron Dudley 3rd Baron Ward (age 19) and Diana Howard were married.NOTEXT

On 09 Apr 1711 Charles Duncombe (age 63) died. He was at the time the richest commoner in England. His great wealth was inherited, half each, by his sister Ursula Duncombe and his nephew Anthony Duncombe 1st Baron Feversham (age 16). She, Ursula, became the progenitor of Baron Feversham Duncombe Park in Yorkshire.

On 09 Apr 1731 Robert Benson 1st Baron Bingley (age 55) died.

Battle of Santiago de Cuba

On 09 Apr 1748 the Battle of Santiago de Cuba was a failed attempt by the British to force the entrance of the port of Santiago de Cuba.

On 09 Apr 1771 George King 3rd Earl Kingston was born to Robert King 2nd Earl Kingston (age 17) and Caroline Fitzgerald.

On 09 Apr 1772 John Brabazon 10th Earl Meath was born to Anthony Brabazon 8th Earl Meath (age 51).

On 09 Apr 1787 Anthony Joseph Browne 7th Viscount Montague (age 57) died. His son George Samuel Browne 8th Viscount Montague (age 17) succeeded 8th Viscount Montague.

After 09 Apr 1789. St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map]. Monument to Phoebe Hollins Lady Boothby and Brooke Boothby 5th Baronet (deceased) sculpted by Josuah Evans.

Phoebe Hollins Lady Boothby: On 04 Oct 1716 she was born to William Hollins. In 1742 Brooke Boothby 5th Baronet (age 31) and Phoebe Hollins Lady Boothby (age 25) were married. On 05 May 1788 Phoebe Hollins Lady Boothby (age 71) died.

Brooke Boothby 5th Baronet: Before 08 Nov 1710 he was born to Brooke Boothby (age 40). On 08 Nov 1710 Brooke Boothby 5th Baronet was baptised at St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne. On 09 Apr 1789 Brooke Boothby 5th Baronet (age 78) died. His son Brooke Boothby 6th Baronet (age 44) succeeded 6th Baronet Boothby of Broadlow Ash in Derbyshire. Monument in St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne sculpted by Josuah Evans.

On 09 Apr 1792 William Charles Keppel 4th Earl Albermarle (age 19) and Elizabeth Southwell Countess Albermarle were married. She by marriage Countess Albermarle. He the son of George Keppel 3rd Earl Albermarle and Anne Miller Countess Albermarle (age 66). He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 09 or 11 Apr 1798 Arthur Pomeroy 1st Viscount Hamberton (age 75) died.

On 09 Apr 1798 Mary Hase died. Memorial in Church of St Peter and St Paul Salle [Map].

Mary Hase: She was born to Edward Hase of Salle and Virtue Repps. Thomas Browne Evans and she were married.

Before 09 Apr 1835 Armar Lowry-Corry 3rd Earl Belmore (age 33) and Emily Louise Shepherd Countess Belmore (age 20) were married. He the son of Somerset Lowry-Corry 2nd Earl Belmore (age 60) and Juliana Butler Countess Belmore (age 51).

On 09 Apr 1835 Somerset Lowry-Corry 4th Earl Belmore was born to Armar Lowry-Corry 3rd Earl Belmore (age 33) and Emily Louise Shepherd Countess Belmore (age 20) at Bruton Street.

After 09 Apr 1847. St Mary's Church, Buckden [Map]. Monument to Louisa Linton nee Wingfield wife of Colonel Linton who fought at Waterloo.


Death of Lord Cardigan

Adeline Horsey Recollections. One fine March morning he told me that he was going to ride and see a gamekeeper who had accidentally shot himself.

He asked me and Sir Henry Edwards (age 55) to accompany him, but when we reached the keeper's cottage he told us to return to Deene [Map], saying that as he intended to sit an hour with the man he would come on later. We declared our willingness to wait, but Cardigan would not hear of it, and so we somewhat reluctantly rode home without him.

The luncheon hour arrived, but Lord Cardigan did not come; the afternoon dragged on, and still there were no signs of him. I had a horrible presentment that something must have happened, and at once ordered some of the servants to go in search of his Lordship.

My fears were only too well grounded; my husband was found lying insensible on the roadside, nearly lifeless. A roadmender told us afterwards that Lord Cardigan had passed him and spoken a few words and seemed apparently quite well; the horse he was riding shied at a heap of stones and commenced to rear and plunge rather wildly, but my husband kept the animal well under control, for the roadmender saw him ride quietly away. The effort must, however, have afterwards brought on a seizure, for Cardigan fell from his horse, and lay helpless until he was found and brought back to Deene [Map].

For three dreadful days and nights he lay quite unconscious, gasping for breath, and the knowledge that he could not speak to me and did not recognise me intensified my grief a thousandfold. But mercifully his suffering was not prolonged, and on March 28, 1868, my beloved husband passed away.

There are some griefs that are too deep to speak of, even after Time's soothing touch has taken away the first deadly pain of a great sorrow. When I look back and remember the kindness and love which my husband lavished on me, I feel proud to think he often said that the happiest period of his life was after he married me, and that his great possessions and military fame were as nothing compared to the wife he adored.

Lord Cardigan's body lay in state in the ballroom at Deene [Map] for twelve days, during which time six thousand people came to look their last at the remains of the leader of the Charge of the Light Brigade. On April 9 he was buried in Deene Church [Map]; the whole regiment of the 11th Hussars attended the funeral, and he was carried to his last resting-place by eight of his old officers.

When the will was read, it was found that he had left everything to me.

On 28 Mar 1868 James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 70) died from a fall from his horse. Earl Cardigan extinct.

On 25 May 1915 Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan (age 90) died.

Both were buried in St Peter's Church, Deene [Map]; he on 09 Apr 1868. Monument to James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan 1797 1868 sculpted by Joseph Edgar Boehm (age 33). Recumbent effigies on Sarcophagus, bronze sea horses (Brudenell Crest) at the bottom corners.

Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan: On 24 Dec 1824 she was born to Spencer de Horsey (age 34) and Louisa Rous at 6 Charles Street, Berkeley Square. In 1849 Carlos Luis de Borbón Count Montemolín (age 30) and Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan (age 24) were betrothed. On 20 Sep 1858 James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 60) and Adeline Horsey Countess Cardigan (age 33) were married after having been his mistress. She by marriage Countess Cardigan. The marriages something of a scandal since James Brudenell 7th Earl Cardigan (age 60) had left his first wife; Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 39) refused to have her at court. The difference in their ages was 27 years. He the son of Robert Brudenell 6th Earl Cardigan and Penelope Cooke Countess Cardigan.


On 09 Apr 1918 Lieutenant Horatio Spencer Walpole (age 36) was killed in action. Memorial in Church of St Andrew Wickmere [Map].

Lieutenant Horatio Spencer Walpole: On 19 Jun 1881 he was born to Henry Spencer Vade Walpole (age 44).

On 09 Apr 2021 Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh (age 99) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. His son King Charles III (age 72) succeeded 2nd Duke Edinburgh 3C 1947.