On this Day in History ... 11 February

11 Feb is in February.

1503 Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

1503 Funeral Procession of Elizabeth of York

1660 Rump Parliament

1667 Poll Bill

1840 Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

Chronica Majora. 11 Feb 1236. When the nuptial rejoicings were concluded, the king (age 28) left London and went to Merton [Map], where he summoned the nobles to hear a message lately brought from the emperor (age 41), and to discuss the business of the kingdom. For messengers had come direct from the emperor to the king with letters, asking him without delay to send his brother Richard, earl of Cornwall (age 27), whose circumspect skill report had spread far and wide, to make war on the king of the French. He also promised, by way of assistance, to send all the Imperial forces, especially in order to enable the English king (age 28) not only to recover his continental possessions, but also, when they were regained, to extend his former possessions. To this, the king (age 28) and the nobles there assembled, after due deliberation, replied that it would not be safe or prudent to send one so young out of the kingdom and to expose him to the doubtful chances and dangers of war, since he was the only apparent heir of the king and kingdom, and the hopes of all were centred in him next to the king. For the king, although he was married, had no children, and the queen his wife (age 13) was still young, and did not know whether she was fruitful or barren. But if it was agreeable to his excellency the emperor to summon any other brave man he chose, from amongst the nobles of the kingdom, for the purpose, they, the king, and all his friends and subjects, in accordance with his request, would at once render him all the assistance in their power. The messengers, on receiving this reply, returned to inform their lord.

On 11 Feb 1252 Ottokar "Iron King" II King Bohemia (age 19) and Margarete von Babenberg (age 48) were married. The difference in their ages was 29 years.

On 11 Feb 1261 Otto Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria was born to Henry Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria I Duke Bavaria (age 25) and Elizabeth Duchess Bavaria (age 25). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Death of Elizabeth of York Queen Consort

On 02 Feb 1503 Katherine Tudor was born to King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 46) and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (age 36) at the Tower of London [Map]. She died eight days later on 10 Feb 1503.

On 11 Feb 1503 (her birthday) Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (age 36) died from childbirth.

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Funeral Procession of Elizabeth of York

The Antiquarian Repertory Volume 4 Funeral Ceremonies of Queen Elizabeth. And on every end of the Chair on the Coffer kneeled a Gentleman Usher by all the way to Westminster.

On the fore horse and the tyller ij charriott men and on the other vij horses iiij henchmen in black gowns and mourning hood over their heads every horse having iiij lozengs of the quenes Armes beaten in oyle rolled upon sarcenett with fine Gould and the fore horse having one on his forehead and none but he.

And by every horse there was a man of honour a foot with mourning hoods over their heads and at every corner of the Chaire a White banner of our Lady borne by a knight the banners were all White in token that she dyed in Childbed their wereordeyned and appoynted

Certain knights and Esquires to go by the Chaire and the horse to beare the banner and every each to assist other whose names followeth Sr Edward Haward (age 27) Sr Henery Wylongby (age 52) Sr Thomas West (age 46) sonne and heir of the Lord Lavarres Sr Edward Darell (age 37) Sr John Petche (age 53) Sr George Manners (age 33) Sr Richard Carew (age 34) Sr Edward Wingfield Sr William Sands (age 68) Srr Raufe Verney (age 48).NOTEXT

Sir John Hodelston Sr John Rainsford William Denton Richard Wingfuld Raphe Dacre Xtofer Wylongby (age 22) Edward Guilford (age 29) William West John Gawge (age 23)

Also their were ordyned viij palferys saddled traped and empelled with black velvett for the viij Laidesof honour to follow the Chaire that is to say the Lady Katherine (age 23) The Lady Elizebeth Stafford (age 24) The Countess of Essex [Note. Possibly Mary Saye Countess Essex and Eu (age 29) although she is believed to have married the Earl in 1512. The previous Countess of Essex Isabel York Countess Eu and Essex died in 1484.] The Lady Harbert (age 27) The Lady Lucey of Mountagne The Lady Anne Percy (age 17) The Lady Lisle The Lady Scrope of Upsall.

All these Laides Roode alone in their slopps and mantles every horse led with a man a foote without hood in a demy black gowne The ij Chaire drawn with vi horses trapped with Black Cloth and also covered with the same having iij Charriott men in that Chaire was the Lady Anne The Lady Marquesse The Lady Daubeny and the Lady Clifford following the Chaire the horses empelled with black Cloth The Lady Dacres The Lady Verney The Lady Guilford The Lady Darell The Lady Egrernonnt The Lady Risseley The Lady Petche The Lady Bryan and in like manner the iij Chaire in which was the Lady Gordon The Lady Fitzwater The Lady Monjoy and the Lady Bray following that Chaire Mrs Cromer Mrs Burn Mrs, Stafford Mrs Belknappe Mrs Weston Mrs Anne Browne Mrs Brent Mrs Yon Then iiijth Chaire emparelled as before in the which, was The Lady Pudsey Mrs Catesby Mrs Lary Mrs Tendringe Mrs Florence Bruges Mrs Balstrod Mrs Ffog Mrs Fitzharbert and Mrs Jones in the lyke manner as before was the vtb Chaire apperrelled in the Avhich was Mrs Dany Mrs Skilling Mrs Elizebeth Mrs. ITrancs.

Then after them the honest persons citizens of London on horseback in a great number after them the kings servants after them the Lords Servants in great number And from the foremost horse backward they were C of the Kings servants as Marshells servants yeomen and gromes with mourning hoods over their heads bearing a hundred of staffe torches of pure wax.

Here followeth the ordering before the Chaire through London to Westminster First next before the foremost horse of the first Chaire The Earle of Derby Constable of England Before him Garter andthe Maior of London The Queenes Chamberlain in manner between the Maior and the Lord Constable before them the Queens Confessor and Aumnoer and before them in manner as ensueth on the left syde the pression of London Also first next to the Corps the kings Chappell before them the quier of Poules and so forth on the same syde the generall pression of London in their ould Custome that is to say the Crossed fryers the white the Augustines and the black and in the middes as farr fourth as they might strydeing the cannells one after another in mourning habitt ijC poore men ewych bearing a weyghty torch.

The manner of the right syde next before the Confessor and aulmoner all the great Lords after there Estate ij and ij together and next before them ij of the Cheif Judges and Mtr of the Rovvles before them knights of the Garter not lords before them the great Chapleines that be of dignitye as the secretary to the king almoner the Deane of York The archdeacon of Richmond The Dean of Windsor and such other Before them the Aldermen of London Before them all knights before them the squires for the Body before them Chapleines of dignitye before them gentlemen and squires before them The Esterlings before them the frenchmen before them the portingalls before them the Venetians before them the Jannayes before them the Lewknors before them the trumppetts and mynsterells on horseback without their instruments before them the messengers.

From Mark lane to Temple bar by estimation were beyond iiij or v thousand torches set all the street along of the parish Churches in there best manner with Crosses pressions and singing antam.es and orasons envyroned the Corps.

Att fanchers were set xxxvij Virgins all in White linnen having Chappletts of white and grene on their heads eiiych houlding a breningtap of wax in the honour of our Lady and that the foresaid good quene was in xxxvij'" year.

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 11 Feb 1503. This yeare, in Februarie, died Queene Elizabeth (age 37) at the Towre of London [Map], lyeinge in childebedd of a daughter named Katherine (the 8th day after her birth), and was buried at Westminster [Map];c

Note c. Elizabeth (age 37), the eldest child of Edward IV by Elizabeth Woodville his wife, was heiress of the house of York. She was born at Westminster [Map] on the 11th February, 1466, and died on her thirty-seventh birthday in the Tower of London [Map], having been delivered of a daughter on the second of the same month, who died soon after its mother.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 11 Feb 1562. The xj day of February, was Aswednysday, dyd pryche a-for the quen (age 28) master Nowelle (age 45) the dene of [saint Paul's.]

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On 11 Feb 1586 Augustus Wettin Elector of Saxony (age 59) died. His son Christian Wettin I Elector Saxony (age 25) succeeded Elector Saxony.

On 11 Feb 1612 Gerald Fitzgerald 14th Earl of Kildare died at Maynooth, County Kildare. His son Gerald Fitzgerald 15th Earl of Kildare (age 1) succeeded 15th Earl Kildare.

On 11 Feb 1651 Edward Conway 1st Earl Conway (age 28) and Anne Finch (age 19) were married.

Rump Parliament

Evelyn's Diary. 11 Feb 1660. A signal day. Monk (age 51), perceiving how infamous and wretched a pack of knaves would have still usurped the supreme power, and having intelligence that they intended to take away his commission, repenting of what he had done to the city, and where he and his forces were quartered, marches to Whitehall [Map], dissipates that nest of robbers, and convenes the old Parliament, the Rump Parliament (so called as retaining some few rotten members of the other) being dissolved; and for joy whereof were many thousands of rumps roasted publicly in the streets at the bonfires this night, with ringing of bells, and universal jubilee. This was the first good omen.

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Pepy's Diary. 11 Feb 1666. Lord's Day. Up, and put on a new black cloth suit to an old coate that I make to be in mourning at Court, where they are all, for the King of Spayne1. To church I, and at noon dined well, and then by water to White Hall, carrying a captain of the Tower (who desired his freight thither); there I to the Parke, and walked two or three turns of the Pell Mell [Map] with the company about the King (age 35) and Duke (age 32); the Duke speaking to me a good deal. There met Lord Bruncker (age 46) and Mr. Coventry (age 38), and discoursed about the Navy business; and all of us much at a loss that we yet can hear nothing of Sir Jeremy Smith's fleete, that went away to the Streights the middle of December, through all the storms that we have had since, that have driven back three or four of them with their masts by the board. Yesterday come out the King's Declaration of War against the French, but with such mild invitations of both them and the Dutch to come over hither with promise of their protection, that every body wonders at it.

Note 1. Philip IV., who died September 17th, 1665.

Poll Bill

Pepy's Diary. 11 Feb 1667. Up, and by water to the Temple [Map], and thence to Sir Ph. Warwicke's (age 57) about my Tangier warrant for tallies, and there met my Lord Bellasses (age 52) and Creed, and discoursed about our business of money, but we are defeated as to any hopes of getting [any] thing upon the Poll Bill, which I seem but not much troubled at, it not concerning me much.

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On 11 Feb 1672 Robert Leke 3rd Earl Scarsdale (age 17) and Mary Lewis Countess Scarsdale (age 14) were married. He the son of Nicholas Leke 2nd Earl Scarsdale (age 60) and Frances Rich Countess Scarsdale.

On 11 Feb 1673 George Ramsay 2nd Earl Dalhousie (age 51) died.

On 11 Feb 1695 John Bennet 1st Baron Ossulston (age 78) died. He was buried at Harlington. His son Charles Bennet 1st Earl Tankerville (age 21) succeeded 2nd Baron Ossulston of Ossulston in Middlesex.

On 11 Feb 1705 Nanfan Coote 2nd Earl Bellomont (age 24) and Lucia Anna van Nassau (age 21) were married. He the son of Richard Coote 1st Earl Bellomont.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 11 Feb 1719. It was ordered that every Member for his last years contributions beside two prints of Richard II already ordered shall have three prints of the Font and two of Ulphus's Horn.

My Lord Oxford sent a brass old seal for the Inspection of the Society belonging to the Fraternity of St Lazarus of Jerusalem in England.

Dr Knight brought an old dye of a coin of Queen Elizabeth of a sixpence, found immured at Oakeley in Essex.

On 11 Feb 1726 James Mure-Campbell 5th Earl Loudon was born to James Campbell (age 48).

On 11 Feb 1777 Gilbert Elliot 3rd Baronet (age 54) died. His son Gilbert Elliot 1st Earl Minto (age 25) succeeded 4th Baronet Elliot of Minto.

On 11 Feb 1808 George Evelyn Boscawen 3rd Viscount Falmouth (age 49) died. His son Edward Boscawen 1st Earl Falmouth (age 20) succeeded 4th Viscount Falmouth 2C 1720.


On 11 Feb 1819 Archbishop William Thomson was born.

On 11 Feb 1819 Thomas William Anson 1st Earl Lichfield (age 23) and Louisa Barbara Catherine Phillips Countess Lichfield (age 19) were married.


On 11 Feb 1825 Duke Frederick IV of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 50) died at Gotha.

After 11 Feb 1834. Memorial to Ann wife of Robert George Bankes at St Denys' Church Sleaford [Map].

After 11 Feb 1834. Monument to Anne Bankes nee Truman at St Denys' Church Sleaford [Map] sculpted by Richard Westmacott (age 58).

Wedding of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

11 Feb 1840. Tuesday. Supplement to the London Gazette.

St James's Palace [Map]. February 10, 1840.

THIS day the Marriage of the QUEEN'S MOST EXCELLENT MAJESTY (age 20) with Field Marshal His ROYAL HIGHNESS FRANCIS ALBERT AUGUSTUS CHARLES EMANUEL, DUKE OF SAXE, PRINCE OF SAXE COBOURG AND GOTHA, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter (age 20), was solemnized at the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace.

Field Marshal His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (age 20), attended by his Suite, proceeded from Buckingham-Palace [Map] this day, about half past eleven o'clock, to St. James's-Palace [Map], in the following order:

The first Carriage,.

Conveying General Sir George Anson, G.C.B. (age 43); George Edward Anson, Esq (age 28); and Francis Seymour, Esq (age 26); the Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour.

The second Carriage,.

Conveying the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, the Earl of Uxbridge (age 42) (who afterwards returned to Buckingham-Palace [Map], to attend in Her Majesty's Procession), and the Officers of the Suite of His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha, viz. Count Kolowrath (age 62), Baron Alvensleben, and Baron De Lowenfels.

The third Carriage,.

Conveying His Royal Highness the Prince Albert (age 20), His Serene Highness the Reigning Duke of Saxe Colourg and Gotha (age 56) (father), and the Hereditary Prince of Saxe Cobourg and Gotha (age 21) (elder brother).

Her Majesty (age 20), attended by Her Royal Household, accompanied by Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (age 53), proceeded, at twelve o'clock, from Buckingham-Palace [Map] to St James's Palace [Map], in the following order:

The first Carriage,

Conveying two Gentlemen Ushers, Charles Heneage, Esq (age 33) and the Honourable Heneage Legge (age 51); Yeoman of the Yeomen of the Guard, Charles Hancock, Esq,; and the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (age 51).

The second Carriage,.

Conveying the Equerry in Waiting, Lord Alfred Paget (age 23); two Pages of Honour, Charles T. Wemyss, Esq and Henry William John Byng (age 8), Esq j and the Groom in Waiting, the Honourable George Keppel.

The third Carriage,.

Conveying the Clerk Marshal, Colonel the Honourable H. E. G. Cavendish (age 50); the Vice-Chamberlain, the Earl of Belfast, G. C. H. (age 43); and the Comptroller of the Household, the Right Honourable George Stevens Byng (age 33).

The fourth Carriage,.

Conveying the Woman of the Bedchamber in Waiting, Mrs. Brand (age 60); the Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard, the Earl of Ilchester (age 52); the Master of the Buck Hounds, Lord Kinaird; and the Treasurer of the Household, the Earl of Surrey (age 48).NOTEXT

The fifth Carriage,.

Conyeying the Maid of Honour in Waiting, the Honourable Caroline Cocks (age 45); the Duchess of Kent's Lady in Waiting, Lady K Howard; the Gold Stick, General Lord Hill, G. C.B., G. C. H.; and the Lord in Waiting, Viscount Torrington (age 27).

The sixth Carriage,.

Conveying the Lady of the Bedchamber in Waiting, the Countess of Sandwich (age 27); the Master of the Horse, the Earl of Albemarle, G. C.H. (age 67); the Lord Steward, the Earl of Erroll, K.T. G.C.H. (age 38); and the Lord Chamberlain, the Earl of Uxbridge (age 42).

The seventh Carriage,.

Conveying Her Most Excellent Majesty the QUEEN (age 20); Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Kent (age 53); and the Duchess of Sutherland, the Mistress of the Robes to Her Majesty (age 33).NOTEXT

The illustrious Personages, and others composing the Procession, then assembled in the Throneroom, and, having been called over by Garter Principal King of Arms, the Processions, moyed in the following order, to the Chapel Royal:


Drums and Trumpets.

Serjeant Trumpeter.

Master of the Ceremonies, Sir Robert Chester, Knt.

Lancaster Herald, George Frederick Beltz, Esq K.H (age 65), York Herald, Charles George Young, Esq (age 44).

The Bridegroom's Gentlemen of Honour, viz. Francis Seymour, Esq (age 26) Gen. Sir George Anson, G.C B. (age 43) George Edward Anson, Esq (age 28).

Vice-Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Belfast, G.C.H. (age 43), Lord Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household, The Earl of Uxbridge.

Continues ...

THE QUEEN. Wearing the Collar of the Order of the Garter.

Her Majesty's Train borne by the following twelve unmarried Ladies, viz.

Lady Adelaide Paget (age 20), Lady Caroline Amelia Gordon-Lennox (age 20), Lady Sarah Frederica Caroline Villiers (age 18), Lady Elizabeth Anne Georgiana Dorothea Howard (age 23), Lady Frances Elizabeth Cowper (age 20), Lady Ida Harriet Augusta Hay (age 18), Lady Elizabeth West (age 21), Lady Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope, Lady Mary Augusta Frederica Grimston (age 20), Lady Jane Harriet Bouverie (age 20), Lady Eleanora Caroline Paget (age 12), Lady Mary Charlotte Howard (age 18).NOTEXT

Assisted by the Groom of the Robes, Captain Francis Seymour (age 51).

Master of the Horse, The Earl of Albemarle, G.C.H. (age 67), Mistress of the Robes, The Duchess of Sutherland (age 33).NOTEXT

Ladies of the Bedchamber, The Marchioness of Normanby (age 41), The Duchess of Bedford (age 56), The Countess of Burlington (age 28), The Countess of Sandwich (age 27), The Baroness Portman (age 30), The Dowager Lady Lyttleton (age 52), The Lady Barham (age 25).NOTEXT

Maids of Honour, The Hon. Amelia Murray, The Hon. Harriet Pitt, The Hon. Caroline Cocks, The Hon. Henrietta Anson, The Hon. Matilda Paget, The Hon. Harriet Lister, The Hon. Sarah Mary Cavendish.

On 11 Feb 1841 Algernon Greville-Nugent 2nd Baron Greville was born to Fulke Southwell Greville-Nugent 1st Baron Greville (age 19) and Rosa Emily Nugent Baroness Greville (age 27).

On 11 Feb 1846 Edward Villiers 5th Earl Clarendon was born to George William Villiers 4th Earl Clarendon (age 46) and Katherine Grimston Countess Clarendon (age 35) at the Vice Regal Lodge, Dublin.


On 11 Feb 1848 Ernest Ambrose Vivian 2nd Baron Swansea was born to Henry Vivian 1st Baron Swansea (age 26) and Jessie Dalrymple Goddard (age 23). His mother died a few weeks later.

On 11 Feb 1848 Archbishop William Howley (age 81) died.

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On 11 Feb 1850 John Lygon 3rd Earl Beauchamp (age 66) and Catherine Otway (age 41) were married. The difference in their ages was 24 years. He the son of William Lygon 1st Earl Beauchamp.

After 11 Feb 1878. St Mary's Church, Chirk [Map]. Memorial to Gilbert Hugh Myddleton-Biddulph (deceased).

Gilbert Hugh Myddleton-Biddulph: On 15 Dec 1848 he was born to Colonel Robert Myddelton-Biddulph (age 43) and Fanny Mostyn-Owen (age 41). On 11 Feb 1878 Gilbert Hugh Myddleton-Biddulph (age 29) died at Rome.

On 11 Feb 1907 Albert Edward Astley 21st Baron Hastings (age 25) and Marguerite Helen Neville Baroness Hastings (age 20) were married. She by marriage Baroness Hastings. She the daughter of Henry Neville 3rd Marquess Abergavenny (age 52) and Maud Augusta Beckett Dickinson (age 42).


On 11 Feb 1918 Lieutenant Colonel Neville Bowes Elliott-Cooper VC (age 29) died whilst a prisoner of war. He had been awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions at the Battle of Cambrai the citation reading ...

For most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty. Hearing that the enemy had broken through our outpost line, he rushed out of his dug-out, and on seeing them advancing across the open he mounted the parapet and dashed forward calling upon the Reserve Company and details of the Battalion Headquarters to follow. Absolutely unarmed, he made straight for the advancing enemy, and under his direction our men forced them back 600 yards. While still some forty yards in front he was severely wounded. Realising that his men were greatly outnumbered and suffering heavy casualties, he signalled to them to withdraw, regardless of the fact that he himself must be taken prisoner. By his prompt and gallant leading he gained time for the reserves to move up and occupy the line of defence.

Monument in Ripon Cathedral [Map].

Lieutenant Colonel Neville Bowes Elliott-Cooper VC: On 22 Jan 1889 he was born.

On 11 Feb 1922 Norton Knatchbull 6th Baron Brabourne was born to Michael Knatchbull 5th Baron Brabourne (age 26) and Doreen Browne Baroness Brabourne (age 25).

On 11 Feb 1929 Neil Primrose 7th Earl of Rosebery was born to Albert Archibald Primrose 6th Earl Rosebery 2nd Earl Midlothian (age 47) and Eva Isabel Countess Rosebery (age 36).

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