On this Day in History ... 13 February

13 Feb is in February.

1536 Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

1542 Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

1575 Coronation and Marriage of Henry III King France

1608 Death of Bess of Hardwick

1660 Charles X King Sweden Dies Charles XI Succeeds

1666 Great Plague of London

1667 Poll Bill

1818 Death of Princess Charlotte

On 13 Feb 999 Archbishop Ethelgar died.

On 13 Feb 1214 Theobald of Bar I Count of Bar (age 54) died. His son Henry of Bar II Count of Bar succeeded II Count Bar.

Letters. 13 Feb 1254. Letter XII. Eleanor of Provence Queen Consort England (age 31) and Richard of Cornwall 1st Earl Cornwall (age 45) to King Henry III of England (age 46).

To their most excellent lord, the lord Henry, by God's grace the illustrious king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and earl of Anjou, his most devoted consort Eleanora, by the same grace queen of England, and his devoted and faithful Richard earl of Cornwall, send health with all reverence and honour.

Be it known to your revered lordship that the lords the earl marshall (age 45) and John de Bailiol (age 46), being hindered at sea by a contrary wind during twelve days, came to us in England on the Wednesday after the Purification of Blessed Mary last past.

We had been treating with your prelates and the magnates of your kingdom of England before the advent of the said Earl and John, on the quinzaines of St. Hilary last past about your subsidy, and after the arrival of the said Earl and John, with certain of the aforesaid prelates and magnates, the archbishops and bishops answered us that if the King of Castile (age 32) should come against you in Gascony each of them would assist you from his own property, so that you would be under perpetual obli gations to them; but with regard to granting you an aid from their clergy, they could do nothing without the assent of the said clergy; nor do they believe that their clergy can be induced to give you any help, unless the tenth of clerical goods granted to you for the first year of the crusade, which should begin in the present year, might be relaxed at once by your letters patent, and the collection of the said tenth for the said crusade, for the two following years, might be put in respite up to the term of two years before your passage to the Holy Land; and they will give diligence and treat with the clergy submitted to them, to induce them to assist you according to that form with a tenth of their benefices, in case the King of Castile should attack you in Gascony; but at the departure of the bearer of these presents no subsidy had as yet been granted by the aforesaid clergy. Moreover, as we have elsewhere signified to you, if the King of Castile should come against you in Gascony, all the earls and barons of your kingdom, who are able to cross the sea, will come to you in Gascony, with all their power; but from the other laymen who do not sail over to you we do not think that we can obtain any help for your use, unless you write to your lieutenants in England firmly to maintain your great charters of liberties, and to let this be distinctly perceived by your letters to each Sheriff of your kingdom, and publicly proclaimed through each county of the said kingdom; since, by this means, they would be more strongly animated cheerfully to grant you aid; for many persons complain that the aforesaid charters are not kept by your sheriffs and other bailiffs as they ought to be kept. Be it known, therefore, to your lordship, that we shall hold a conference with the aforesaid clergy and laity at Westminster, in the quinzaines of Passover next, about the aforesaid aid, and we supplicate your lordship that you will write us your good pleasure concerning these affairs with the utmost possible haste. For you will find us prepared and devoted, according to our power, to solicit the aforesaid aid for your use, and to do and procure all other things ....* which can contribute to your convenience and the increase of your honour. Given at Windsor [Map], the 13th of February, in the thirty-eighth year of your reign.

On 13 Feb 1348 William Dampierre I Count Namur (age 24) and Jeanne Beaumont Count Soissons, Blois, Chatillon and Namur (age 25) were married. She by marriage Countess Namur. She the daughter of John Beaumont Count Soissons (age 60) and Margaret Nesle Countess Soissons (age 43). He the son of John Dampierre I Marquis Namur and Marie Artois. They were second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 13 Feb 1457 Mary Valois Duchess Burgundy was born to Charles "Bold" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 23) and Isabella Bourbon (age 21). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 7.43%.

Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 13 Feb 1536. The seconde sermon, being on Septuagesima Sundaie, their preached at Powles Crosse [Map] the Bishop of Rochester.a

Note a. John Hilsey, Prior of the Dominican Friars in London, appointed 4th October, 1535, to this see, then vacant by the execution of Bishop Fisher.

Catherine Howard Tower of London Executions

On 13 Feb 1542 Queen Catherine Howard (age 19) and Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford (age 37) were beheaded at Tower Green [Map]. Henry Howard (age 26) attended. They were both buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London [Map].NOTEXT

Mary Boleyn (age 43) was the heir of Jane Parker Viscountess Rochford (age 37) being the sister of her deceased husband George Boleyn Viscount Rochford.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 13 Feb 1562. The fryday after dyd pryche a-for the quen (age 28) at the cowrt the dene of Westmynster master Goodman (age 33).

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Coronation and Marriage of Henry III King France

On 13 Feb 1575 Henry III King France (age 23) was crowned III King France: Capet Valois Angoulême at Reims Cathedral.

On 13 Feb 1585 William Russell 1st Baron Russel Thornhaugh 2C 1603-1560 (age 25) and Elizabeth Long Baroness Russel Thornhaugh were married at Watford. He the son of Francis Russell 2nd Earl Bedford (age 58) and Margaret St John Countess Bedford.

On 13 Feb 1602 Dean Alexander Nowell (age 85) died.

Death of Bess of Hardwick

On 13 Feb 1608 Bess of Hardwick Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 81) died. She was buried in Derby Cathedral [Map]. Henry Cavendish (age 57) inherited Chatsworth House [Map].

Henry Cavendish: Henry Cavendish and Grace Talbot were married. The marriage, unhappy, produced no issue. She the daughter of George Talbot 6th Earl of Shrewsbury and Gertrude Manners Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford. On 17 Dec 1550 he was born to William Cavendish (age 45) and Bess of Hardwick Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 23). In 1609 Henry Cavendish (age 58) sold Chatsworth House to his younger brother William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire (age 56) for £10,000.

Charles X King Sweden Dies Charles XI Succeeds

On 13 Feb 1660 Charles Gustav X King Sweden (age 37) died. His son Charles XI King Sweden (age 4) succeeded XI King Sweden.

Pepy's Diary. 13 Feb 1663. Took my wife home, and I to my office. Find myself pretty well but fearful of cold, and so to my office, where late upon business; Mr. Bland sitting with me, talking of my Lord Windsor's (age 36) being come home from Jamaica, unlooked-for; which makes us think that these young Lords are not fit to do any service abroad, though it is said that he could not have his health there, but hath razed a fort of the King of Spain (age 57) upon Cuba, which is considerable, or said to be so, for his honour.


Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 13 Feb 1666. I away home, and there at the office all the afternoon till late at night, and then away home to supper and to bed. Ill newes this night that the plague is encreased this week, and in many places else about the towne, and at Chatham [Map] and elsewhere. This day my wife wanting a chambermaid with much ado got our old little Jane to be found out, who come to see her and hath lived all this while in one place, but is so well that we will not desire her removal, but are mighty glad to see the poor wench, who is very well and do well.

Poll Bill

Pepy's Diary. 13 Feb 1667. Up, and by water to White Hall, where to the Duke of York (age 33), and there did our usual business; but troubled to see that, at this time, after our declaring a debt to the Parliament of £900,000, and nothing paid since, but the debt increased, and now the fleete to set out; to hear that the King (age 36) hath ordered but £35,000 for the setting out of the fleete, out of the Poll Bill, to buy all provisions, when five times as much had been little enough to have done any thing to purpose. They have, indeed, ordered more for paying off of seamen and the Yards to some time, but not enough for that neither.

On 13 Feb 1711 James Berkeley 3rd Earl Berkeley (age 31) and Louisa Lennox Countess Berkeley (age 16) were married. She by marriage Countess Berkeley. She the daughter of Charles Lennox 1st Duke Richmond (age 38) and Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond (age 40). He the son of Charles Berkeley 2nd Earl Berkeley and Elizabeth Noel Countess Berkeley (age 57). She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 13 Feb 1718 George Brydges Rodney 1st Baron Rodney was born to Henry Rodney (age 37).

On 13 Feb 1794 John Rous 2nd Earl Stradbrooke was born to John Rous 1st Earl Stradbrooke (age 43).

On 13 Feb 1809 William Eliot 2nd Earl St Germans (age 41) and Letitia Acourt were married at Heytesbury, Wiltshire [Map].

Death of Princess Charlotte

On 13 Feb 1818 Richard Croft 6th Baronet (age 56) shot himself as a consequence of the death of Princess Charlotte Augusta Hanover to whom he had been physician during her labour. A copy of Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost was found open with the passage (Act V, Scene II): "Fair Sir, God save you! Where is the Princess?". He was buried at St James' Church, Piccadilly.His son Thomas Elmsley Croft 7th Baronet (age 19) succeeded 7th Baronet Croft of Croft Castle in Herefordshire.

On 13 Feb 1845 Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl of Effingham (age 77) died. His son Henry Howard 2nd Earl of Effingham (age 38) succeeded 2nd Earl of Effingham 2C 1837, 12th Baron Howard of Effingham. Eliza Drummond Baroness Howard (age 34) by marriage Countess of Effingham.NOTEXT

On 13 Feb 1884 George Godolphin Osborne 10th Duke Leeds (age 21) and Katherine Frances Lambton Duchess Leeds (age 21) were married. She the daughter of George Frederick D'Arcy Lambton 2nd Earl Durham and Beatrix Frances Hamilton Countess Durham. He the son of George Godolphin Osborne 9th Duke Leeds (age 55) and Fanny Georgiana Pitt-Rivers Duchess Leeds (age 47). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 13 Feb 1907 Gerald Hugh Grosvenor 4th Duke Westminster was born to Hugh William Grosvenor (age 22) and Mabel Florence Mary Creighton.

On 13 Feb 1947 John Ian Robert Russell 13th Duke Bedford (age 29) and Lydia Yarde-Buller Duchess Bedford (age 29) were married. He the son of Hastings William Russell 12th Duke Bedford (age 58) and Louisa Crommelin Roberta Jowitt Whitwell Duchess Bedford.

On 13 Feb 2019 Shaun Agar 6th Earl Normanton (age 73) died.