On this Day in History ... 14th January

14 Jan is in January.

1236 Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1476 Death of the Duke of Norfolk

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1535 Visit of Chabot the French Admiral

1559 Coronation of Elizabeth I

1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots

1766 Death of Frederick V of Denmark

1876 New Years Appointments

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 14th January

On 14 Jan 1131 Valdemar "Great" I King Denmark was born to Canute Lavard (deceased).

Chronica Majora. 14 Jan 1236. Anno Domini 1236, which was the twentieth year of the reign of King Henry the Third, he held his court at Winchester at Christmas, where he observed that festival with rejoicings. He was at this time anxiously looking for the return of the special messengers, whom he had sent into Provence to Raymond (age 38), count of that province, with letters containing his own inmost thoughts about contracting a marriage with his daughter Eleanor (age 13). This said count was a man of illustrious race and brave in battle, but, by continual wars, he had wasted almost all the money he possessed. He had married the daughter (age 38) of Thomas, the late count of Savoy, and sister of the present count, Amadeus (age 39), a woman of remarkable beauty, by name Beatrice (age 38). This lady had issue by the aforesaid count, two daughters of great beauty, the elder of whom, named Margaret (age 15), was married to Louis (age 21), the French king, as we are told by a clerk named John de Gates; and the king of England had now, by the aforesaid messengers, demanded the younger one, a young lady of handsome appearance, in marriage. In order to obtain this favour, he had secretly sent Richard, prior of Hurle, in advance, who faithfully and with diligence brought the matter to a conclusion. On the prior's returning and telling the king the result, the latter sent him back to the count with some other messengers, namely, the bishops Hugh of Ely, and Robert of Hereford, and the brother of Robert de SANFORD, the master of the Knights Templars. These messengers were received by the count on their arrival in Provence with the greatest honour and respect, and from his hands received his daughter Eleanor, for the purpose of being united to the King of England; she was also attended by her uncle, William, bishop elect of Valentia; a man of distinction, and by the count of Champagne, a relation of the English king. The king of Navarre, on learning that they would travel through his territories, went joyfully to meet them, and accompanied them as a guide through his dominions during a journey of five days and more; he also, from his natural generosity, paid all their expenses, both for horses and attendants. Their retinue consisted of more than three hundred horsemen, not including the people who followed them in great numbers. On reaching the boundaries of France, they obtained not only a safe but honourable passage through that country, under conduct of the French king (age 21) and his queen (age 15), the sister of the lady about to be married to the English king, and also of Blanche (age 47), the French king's mother. They embarked at the port of Sandwich [Note. Should be Wissant], and with full sail made for Dover, Kent [Map], where they arrived, after a quick passage, before they were expected. Having thus safely landed, they set out for Canterbury, Kent [Map], and were met by the king, who rushed into the arms of the messengers, and, having seen the lady and received possession of her, he married her at Canterbury; the ceremony being performed on the fourteenth of January, by Edmund, archbishop (age 61) of that place, assisted by the bishops, who had come with the lady, in the presence of the other nobles and prelates of the kingdom. On the 19th of January the king went to Westminster, where an extra-ordinary solemnity took place on the following day, which was Sunday, at which the king wore his crown and Eleanor was crowned queen. Thus was Henry the Third married at Canterbury, and the nuptials were celebrated in London, at Westminster, on the feast of St. Fabian and St. Sebastian.

On 14 Jan 1273 Joan Blois I Queen Navarre was born to Henry I King Navarre (age 29) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 25). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 31) died at Framlingham Castle, Suffolk [Map]. Suspicious since he was only 32? Duke Norfolk, Earl Surrey and Earl Nottingham extinct. His daughter Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (age 3) succeeded 8th Countess Norfolk, 11th Baroness Mowbray, 12th Baroness Segrave and inherited the vast Mowbray estates. She was subsequently married to Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke of York (age 2) two years later.

Vatican Regesta Vol. DCLXXXV Secretarum Tomus IV 2 Innocent VIII. 10 Kal. Aug. Decree, at the petition of king Henry (age 29) and queen Elizabeth (age 20), that a notarial copy of the process before James, bishop of Imola, Apostolic Nuncio with the power of a legate de latere, in regard to the dispensation granted by him to them to contract marriage, notwithstanding the impediment arising from their being related in the double fourth degree of kindred, shall have the same credence as the original letters of the said bishop. The Pope (age 54) exemplifies the said letters and process as follows:

Public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation 1486, after the computation of the English church, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII [16 Jan 1486], in the chapel of St. Mary [the Virgin] on the east side of the cathedral church of St. Paul, London [Map], before James, bishop of Imola, apostolic legate to England and Scotland, in presence of the below-written notaries public, appointed by the said bishop as scribes in the below-written matter of dispensation, and witnesses below-named, there appeared in person Master Robert Morton (age 51), Archdeacon of Winchester, and John de Giglis, I.U.D., as proctors of king Henry (age 29), and Richard Hill, dean of the chapel of the household of the said king, and David William, doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, as proctors of the lady Elizabeth (age 20), eldest daughter of the late king Edward IV, who produced their mandates of procuration and presented to the said legate a schedule of petition on behalf of the said king and lady, praying him to dispense them to marry, notwithstanding the impediment of their relationship in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, as was specified by the said Master Robert Morton (age 51).

The said instrument exemplifies the said procurations and schedule, as follows:

(i) A public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation, etc., 1486, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII, January 14, in a certain great chamber within the palace royal at Westminster, before Thomas, archbishop of York (age 62) and legate of the apostolic see, John, bishop of Worcester (age 56), chancellor of England, and Jasper duke of Bedford (age 54), and many other nobles and magnates, in the presence of me, Richard Spencer, notary public below-written, the said king (age 29), present in person, appointed Masters John de Giglis, I.U.D., and Robert Morton (age 51), master or keeper of the rolls of the chancery of the said king, as his proctors to appear before the said bishop and legate (who, as is said, has faculty from the apostolic see to dispense a certain number of persons related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred and affinity to contract marriage), and to request him to exhibit, etc., the said letters, and execute them in accordance with the desire of the said king, etc. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the above-named witnesses and of Richard Spencer, clerk, of the diocese of Lincoln, notary public by apostolic and imperial authorities, registrar-principal of the court of Canterbury, and keeper of the registers of the same court, the said notary has made the present public instrument, and, being otherwise engaged, has caused it to be written by another, and has published and drawn it up in this public form, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;.

(ii) A like public instrument, setting forth that on the same date as in the preceding, and in a certain chamber within the royal palace of Westminster, before John, bishop of Worcester, chancellor of England (age 56), John lord de Wellys (age 36), Master William Smyth, dean of the chapel royal of Wymbourn in the diocese of Salisbury, and other witnesses, in the presence of the above notary, Richard Spencer, the above lady Elizabeth (age 20), present in person, appointed Masters Richard Hill, dean of the chapel of the king's household, and David William, doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, and commissary-general of the official of the court of Canterbury and president of the said court, in the absence of the said official, as her proctors to appear, etc., as in the preceding. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the abovenamed witnesses and of … Richard Spencer, clerk, etc., as above, the said notary has made, written, subscribed, published, and drawn up in this public form the present public instrument, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;.

(iii) The petition to James, bishop of Imola, apostolic legate to England and Scotland, on behalf of the most serene prince and lord, the lord Henry (age 29), by the grace of God king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the one part, and of the most illustrious (clarissime) lady, the lady Elizabeth (age 20), eldest legitimate and natural daughter of the late Edward, sometime king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the other part, setting forth that whereas the said king Henry has by God's providence won his realm of England, and is in peaceful possession thereof, and has been asked by all the lords of his realm, both spiritual and temporal, and also by the general council of the said realm, called Parliament, to take the said lady Elizabeth to wife, he, wishing to accede to the just petitions of his subjects, desires to take the said lady to wife, but cannot do so without dispensation, inasmuch as they are related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, wherefore petition is made on their behalf to the said legate to grant them dispensation by his apostolic authority to contract marriage and remain therein, notwithstanding the said impediment of kindred, and to decree the offspring to be born thereof legitimate.

Letters and Papers 1535. 14 Jan 1535. 48. Nothing is known about news from Ireland, except that about three days ago Cromwell delivered a good sum of money to two Irishmen, and said to some who were present that they had already taken one of the principal of those who had caused trouble there, and that Kildare would be taken and brought hither in a few days. Cromwell also mentioned that the king of France was raising lanceknights about Lorraine and the county of Montbeliard. Kildare has long been threatened, and will take as good care of himself as hitherto. It is true many fear that his men may betray him if he has not money to maintain them. I am told by a good man that about 60 English harquebusiers had entered some tower, but were surprised and driven out by Kildare, leaving their arms behind. I hear the King and Council are much disappointed at hearing nothing from France on the subject of the negotiations between the King and the Admiral (age 43), and they fear some intelligence with your Majesty. The King hopes that at an interview with Francis, which he reckons will be very soon, he will break off all other understandings. And to persuade Francis the better to this assembly, in order that he may not excuse himself, as last year, I am told that the King has come to no determination on any of the matters proposed by the Admiral (age 43), but put off his answer till the meeting. That was the answer given (among other things) as to the marriage of this princess with the duke of Angouleme; which the Admiral (age 43), I am told, took very ill; and still worse what occurred at the feast the King gave him on the eve of his departure, when he, being seated next the Lady (age 34), while they were dancing, she burst into a fit of incontrollable laughter without any occasion. The Admiral (age 43) frowned, and said, "What, madam, do you laugh at me?" On which she excused herself by saying it was because the King had told her he was going to ask for the Admiral's (age 43) secretary to amuse her, and that the King had met on the way a lady who made him forget the matter. I don't know if the excuse was accepted as satisfactory. The King, on the other hand, and the Lady were much disappointed that the Admiral (age 43) showed no pleasure at any attention that was shown to him, even at the Tower of London and the Ordnance.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 14 Jan 1559. [The xiv day of January the Queen (age 25) came in a chariot from] the Towre [Map], with all the lordes and ladies [in crimson] velvet, and ther horses trapyd with the sam, and [trumpeters in] red gownes blohyng, and all the haroldes in ther cottes armur, and all the strettes stroyd with gravell; and at Grasyus strett [Map] a goodly pagantt of kyng [Henry] the viij and quen Ane ys wyff and of ther lenege, and in Cornelle [Map] a-nodur goodly pagantt of kyng Henry and kyng Edward the vjth; and be-syd Soper lane in [Cheap a]nodur goodly pagantt, and the condyth pentyd; [and] at the lytylle condutt a-nodur goodly pagant of a qwyke tre and a ded, and the quen had a boke gyffyn her ther; and ther the recorder of London and the chamburlayn (age 38) delevered unto the quen a purse of gold fulle to the waluw of (blank); and so to the Flett strett to the condyt, and ther was a-nodur goodly pagantt of the ij chyrchys; and at Tempylle bare was ij grett gyanttes, the one name was Goott-magott [Gogmagog] a Albaon and the thodur Co(rineus.)

The Letter Books of Amias Paulet Keeper of Mary Queen of Scots Published 1874 Marys Execution. Poulet (age 54), as has already been said, was made Chancellor of the Garter in April, 1587, but he did not retain this preferment for a whole year. He continued in the Captaincy of Jersey up to his death, but he appears to have resided in and near London. In the British Museum are two letters from him of small importance. One, addressed to the Lord High Admiral, is dated, "From my poor lodging in Fleet Street [Map], the 14th of January, 1587," about "right of tenths in Jersey, belonging to the Government." The other, "From my little lodge at Twickenham, the 24th of April, 1588," "on behalf of Berry," whose divorce was referred by the Justices of the Common Pleas to four Doctors of the Civil Law, of whom Mr. Doctor Caesar, Judge of the Admiralty, to whom the letter was written, was one.

His name also occurs in a letter, from Walsingham to Burghley, dated May 23, 1587, while Elizabeth still kept up the farce of Burghley's disgrace for despatching Mary Stuart's death-warrant. "Touching the Chancellorship of the Duchy, she told Sir Amias Poulet that in respect of her promise made unto me, she would not dispose of it otherwise. But yet hath he no power to deliver the seals unto me, though for that purpose the Attorney is commanded to attend him, who I suppose will be dismissed hence this day without any resolution." And on the 4th of January following, together with the other lords of the Council, he signed a letter addressed by the Privy Council to the Lord Admiral and to Lord Buckhurst, the Lieutenants of Sussex, against such Catholics as "most obstinately have refused to come to the church to prayers and divine service," requiring them to "cause the most obstinate and noted persons to be committed to such prisons as are fittest for their safe keeping: the rest that are of value, and not so obstinate, are to be referred to the custody of some -ecclesiastical persons and other gentlemen well affected, to remain at the charges of the recusant, to be restrained in such sort as they may be forthcoming, and kept from intelligence with one another." On the 26th of September, in the year in which this letter was written, 1588, Sir Amias Poulet died.

Poulet was buried in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London. [Map]. When that church was pulled down to be rebuilt, his remains, with the handsome monument erected over them, were removed to the parish church of Hinton St. George. After various panegyrics in Latin, French, and English inscribed on his monument, a quatrain, expressive apparently of royal favour, pays the following tribute to the service rendered by him to the State as Keeper of the Queen of Scots: Never shall cease to spread wise Poulet's fame; These will speak, and men shall blush for shame: Without offence to speak what I do know, Great is the debt England to him doth owe.Execution of Mary Queen of Scots.

On 14 Jan 1657 John Dutton (age 62) died. He was buried in Saint Mary Magdalene's Church, Sherborne [Map]. Sculpted by Thomas Burman (age 39). A shrouded upright effigy in white marble within a round-headed niche flanked by black marble columns with Corinthian Capitals and scrolled pediment with the Sherborne arms at the centre, above. Inscription plaques either side. Inscription to John Dutton below.

John Dutton: John Dutton and Anne King were married. She the daughter of Bishop John King. John Dutton and Elizabeth Bayntun were married. Before 05 Oct 1594 he was born to William Dutton. On 05 Oct 1594 John Dutton was baptised.

Thomas Burman: Around 1618 he was born. Around 1632 Thomas Burman was apprenticed to Edward Marshall. In the 1660s Thomas Burman employed six apprentices and assistants. On 17 Mar 1674 he died in the parish of St Martin in the Fields. He was buried at St Paul's Church, Covent Garden.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 14 Jan 1719. It was proposed by Mr President (age 57) wheather every subscriber to the Plate of Richard II have each five prints, and by Ballot carried in the Affirmation, for their 7s:6d.

It was ordered that the Right Reverend Father in God the Bishop of Rochester & Dean of Westminster (age 55), for giving leave to take the Drawing be presented with two of the said prints, and that Mr Director (age 41) and Mr Treasurer (age 36) be desired to wait upon him on that Amount.

Mr Director (age 41) brought in a proof of an Etched Plate of a Roman Lamp, to be used as a Symbol or Ticket of the Society which he was pleased to make a present of to the Society for which their unanimous thanks were ordered to be given to him.

On 14 Jan 1737 Robert Chambers was born to Robert Chambers at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 14 Jan 1766 Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 42) died. His son Christian VII King Denmark and Norway (age 16) succeeded VII King Denmark and Norway.

On 14 Jan 1773 William Pitt Amherst 1st Earl Amherst was born to William Amherst (age 40) and Elizabeth Patterson at Bath, Somerset [Map].

After 14 Jan 1792. Memorial at St Peter's Church, Tawstock [Map] to Robert Hughes who was killed by the fall of a tree.

Robert Hughes: On 14 Jan 1792 Robert Hughes was killed by the fall of a tree.

On 14 Jan 1805 Baron Pietro Marochetti was born.

On 14 Jan 1807 Henry Weekes was born in Canterbury, Kent [Map].

On 14 Jan 1827 Virginia Somers-Cocks Countess Somers was born to James Peter Pattle (age 51).

On 14 Jan 1845 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th Marquess Lansdowne was born to Henry Thomas Petty-Fitzmaurice 4th Marquess Lansdowne (age 29) and Emily Jane de Flahaut Marchioness Lansdowne (age 25).

Ten Years' Digging 1848. January 14th. - Our excavation was continued until the undisturbed surface of the earth was reached and laid bare for the space of 25 feet by 18, without disclosing any interment whatever; the appearance presented by the section of the barrow, here about 15 feet high, was as shewn in the diagram, thus making it evident that the tumulus had been originally raised over four smaller mounds, each consisting of indurated clay intermixed with wood and charcoal the superimposed materials being of a looser description. On the natural soil beneath the little mounds were flints as usual, one of them a round instrument, and large disconnected bones of oxen very much decayed.

After 14 Jan 1855. Memorial to George Wombwell 3rd Baronet (deceased) at St Michael's Church, Coxwold [Map]

George Wombwell 3rd Baronet: On 13 Apr 1792 he was born to George Wombwell 2nd Baronet and Anne Belasyse. On 23 Jun 1824 George Wombwell 3rd Baronet and Georgiana Hunter were married. On 28 Oct 1846 George Wombwell 2nd Baronet died. His son George Wombwell 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Wombwell of Wombwell in Yorkshire. On 14 Jan 1855 George Wombwell 3rd Baronet died. His son George Orby Wombwell 4th Baronet succeeded 4th Baronet Wombwell of Wombwell in Yorkshire.

On 14 Jan 1876 ...

William Neville 1st Marquess Abergavenny (age 49) was created 1st Marquess Abergavenny, 1st Earl Lewes. Caroline Vanden Bempte Johnston Marchioness Abergavenny by marriage Marchioness Abergavenny.

Edward Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1st Earl Wharncliffe (age 48) was created 1st Earl Wharncliffe. Susan Charlotte Lascelles Countess Wharncliffe (age 42) by marriage Countess Wharncliffe.

John Ormsby-Gore 1st Baron Harlech (age 59) was created 1st Baron Harlech with remainder to his brother William in the absence of male heirs.

Henry Gerard Sturt 1st Baron Alington (age 50) was created 1st Baron Alington. Augusta Bingham Baroness Alington (age 43) by marriage Baroness Alington.

Edinburgh Gazette 14 Jan 1876. 14 Jan 1876. Whitehall Palace [Map].

The Queen (age 56) has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, granting the dignities of an Earl and Duke of the said United Kingdom to Charles Henry, Duke of Richmond, K.G. (age 30), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, styles, and titles of Earl of Kinrara, in the County of Inverness, and Duke of Gordon, of Gordon Castle, in that part of the said United Kingdom called Scotland.

The Queen (age 56) has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignities of an Earl and Marquess of the said United Kingdom to William, Earl of Abergavenny (age 49), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, styles, and titles of Earl of Lewes, in the County of Sussex, and Marquess of Abergavenny, in the County of Monmonth.

The Queen (age 56) has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignities of a Viscount and Earl of the said United Kingdom to Edward Montagu Stuart Granville, Lord Wharncliffe (age 48), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the names, styles, and titles of Viscount Carlton, of Carlton, and Earl of Wharncliffe, bdth in the West Riding of the County of York; with remainder, in default of such issue male, to the Honourable Francis Dudley Stuart-Wortley (age 46) (brother of the said Edward Montagu Stuart Granville, Lord Wharncliffe), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten.

The Queen (age 56) has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to John, Earl of Erne (age 73), in that part of the said United Kingdom called Ireland, K.P., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Fermanagh, of Lisnaskea, in the County of Fermanagh.

The Queen (age 56) has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to John Ralph Ormsby-Gore (age 59), Esq, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Harlech, of Harlech, in the County of Merioneth; with remainder, in default of snch issue male, to William Richard Ormsby-Gore, Esq (age 56). (brother of the said John Ralph Ormsby-Gore), and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten.

The Queen (age 56) has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to Henry Gerard Sturt (age 50), Esq, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Alington, of Crichel, in the County of Dorset.

The Queen (age 56) has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to John Tollemache, Esq, and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Tollemache, of Helmingham Hall, in the County of Suffolk.

The Queen (age 56) has also been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the said Great Seal, granting the dignity of a Baron of the said United Kingdom to Sir Robert Tolver Gerard, Bart., and the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of Baron Gerard, of Bryn, in the County Palatine of Lancaster.

New Years Appointments.

On 14 Jan 1894 William John Butler (age 75) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map] on 18 Jan 1894. On 25 Apr 1896 a monument by Farmer & Brindley of red Verona marble with an alabaster effigy carved by Léon-Joseph Chavalliaud (age 35) was unveiled.

On 14 Jan 1901 Bishop Mandell Crichton (age 57) died. He was buried at Peterborough Cathedral [Map].

Bishop Mandell Crichton: On 05 Jul 1843 he was born at Carlisle, Cumberland. On 25 Apr 1891 Bishop Mandell Crichton was consecrated Bishop of Peterborough. In 1897 Bishop Mandell Crichton was consecrated Bishop of London.

On 14 Jan 1904 Cecil Beaton was born to Ernest Beaton (age 37) and Esther "Etty" Sisson (age 32).

After 14 Jan 1909. Bassano Ltd. Photograph of Beatrice Mills Countess of Granard (age 25)

Beatrice Mills Countess of Granard: On 19 Jul 1883 she was born at Newport, Rhode Island. On 14 Jan 1909 Bernard Forbes 8th Earl of Granard and Beatrice Mills were married. She by marriage Countess Granard. He the son of George Arthur Hastings Forbes 7th Earl Granard. On 30 Jan 1972 she died.

After 14 Jan 1909. Bassano Ltd. Photograph of Beatrice Mills Countess of Granard (age 25)

Births on the 14th January

On 14 Jan 1131 Valdemar "Great" I King Denmark was born to Canute Lavard (deceased).

On 14 Jan 1273 Joan Blois I Queen Navarre was born to Henry I King Navarre (age 29) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 25). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 14 Jan 1476 Anne St Leger Baroness Ros Helmsley was born to Thomas St Leger (age 36) and Anne York Duchess Exeter (age 36). Her mother (age 36) died in childbirth. She was buried at St Leger Chantry, St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle [Map]. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 14 Jan 1575 Oliver St John was born to Henry Alexander St John (age 29) at Keysoe Bedford.

On 14 Jan 1601 John Pepys Tailor was born to Thomas "The Black" Pepys (age 38) and Mary Day (age 21).

On 14 Jan 1602 John Fenwick was born to John Fenwick 1st Baronet (age 32) and Catherine Slingsby (age 18).

On 14 Jan 1602 Henry Slingsby 1st Baronet was born to Henry Slingsby of Scriven (age 41) and Frances Vavasour.

On 14 Jan 1608 Francis Hawley 1st Baron Hawley was born to Henry Hawley of Wiveliscombe (age 22) and Elizabeth Poulet (age 20).

Before 14 Jan 1619 Thomas Archer was born to Simon Archer (age 37) and Anne Ferrers. On 14 Jan 1619 Thomas Archer was baptised.

On 14 Jan 1623 Algernon Sidney was born to Robert Sidney 2nd Earl of Leicester (age 27) and Dorothy Percy Countess Leicester (age 25).

On 14 Jan 1628 Marmaduke Langdale 2nd Baron Langdale was born to Marmaduke Langdale 1st Baron Langdale (age 30) and Lenox Rodes.

On 14 Jan 1638 Henry Slingsby was born to Henry Slingsby 1st Baronet (age 36) and Barbara Belasyse (age 28).

On 14 Jan 1643 Anne Oldenburg was born to Philip Oldenburg (age 58).

On 14 Jan 1646 Richard Granville was born to Richard Granville (age 34).

On 14 Jan 1702 James Scott was born to James Scott (age 27) and Henrietta Hyde Countess Dalkeith (age 25). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Jan 1736 Henry Howard was born to Lieutenenant-General Thomas Howard (age 51) and Mary Moreton.

On 14 Jan 1737 Robert Chambers was born to Robert Chambers at Newcastle upon Tyne [Map].

On 14 Jan 1760 George Henry Fitzroy 4th Duke Grafton was born to Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton (age 24) and Anne Liddell Duchess Grafton (age 23). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Jan 1773 William Pitt Amherst 1st Earl Amherst was born to William Amherst (age 40) and Elizabeth Patterson at Bath, Somerset [Map].

On 14 Jan 1773 Catherine "Kitty" Pakenham Duchess Wellington was born to Edward Pakenham 2nd Baron Longford (age 29) and Catherine Rowley Baroness Longford (age 25) at Dublin [Map].

On 14 Jan 1776 Major-General Godfrey Basil Mundy was born to Edward Miller Mundy (age 25).

On 14 Jan 1785 James Dawes Douglas was born to James Sholto Douglas (age 27) and Sarah Dawes.

On 14 Jan 1788 Frederick Lumley-Savile was born to Frederick Lumley-Savile (age 26) at Tickhill Castle [Map].

On 14 Jan 1793 Georg Karl Hesse-Kassel was born to Frederick Hesse-Kassel (age 45). He a great grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 14 Jan 1793 James Dundas of Dundas was born to George Dundas.

On 14 Jan 1805 Baron Pietro Marochetti was born.

On 14 Jan 1806 Charlotte Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck Viscountess Ossington was born to William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck 4th Duke Portland (age 37) and Henrietta Scott Duchess Portland (age 32).

On 14 Jan 1807 Henry Weekes was born in Canterbury, Kent [Map].

On 14 Jan 1807 Louise Augustine Massard-Desmanières was born to Jean Baptiste Jacques Massard-Desmanières (age 44).

On 14 Jan 1827 Virginia Somers-Cocks Countess Somers was born to James Peter Pattle (age 51).

On 14 Jan 1836 Henri Fantin Latour was born.

On 14 Jan 1837 Alexander Entwisle Ramsay 4th Baronet was born to Alexander Ramsay 3rd Baronet (age 23).

On 14 Jan 1845 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th Marquess Lansdowne was born to Henry Thomas Petty-Fitzmaurice 4th Marquess Lansdowne (age 29) and Emily Jane de Flahaut Marchioness Lansdowne (age 25).

On 14 Jan 1850 Maud Augusta Louisa Duncombe was born to Octavius Duncombe (age 32) and Emily Caroline Campbell (age 31).

On 14 Jan 1850 Alexei Holstein Gottorp Romanov was born to Tsar Alexander II of Russia (age 31) and Maria Alexandrovna Hesse Darmstadt (age 25). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.67%.

On 14 Jan 1862 Hélène Arnous-Rivière was born to Jules Arnous de Rivière Chess Player (age 31) and Joséphine de Coulhac Mazérieux (age 28).

On 14 Jan 1866 Henry Arthur Mornington Wellesley 3rd Earl Cowley was born to William Henry Wellesley 2nd Earl Cowley (age 31) and Emily Gwendoline Williams Countess Cowley (age 26) at Wilton Place Belgravia.

On 14 Jan 1866 William Gervase Beckett 1st Baronet was born to William Beckett-Denison (age 39) and Helen Duncombe (age 34).

On 14 Jan 1871 Pamela Wyndham Viscountess Grey was born to Percy Scawen Wyndham (age 35) and Madeline Caroline Frances Eden Campbell.

On 14 Jan 1873 Basil Tanfield Beridge Boothby was born to Reverend Evelyn Boothby (age 47).

On 14 Jan 1878 John Frederick Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis was born to Charles Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis 20th Baron Clinton (age 43) and Margaret Walrond Baroness Clinton (age 28).

On 14 Jan 1880 Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt was born to Cornelius Vanderbilt II (age 36) and Alice Claypoole Gwynne (age 34).

On 14 Jan 1883 Barbara Paget was born to William Slingsby Hunter (age 34).

On 14 Jan 1904 Cecil Beaton was born to Ernest Beaton (age 37) and Esther "Etty" Sisson (age 32).

On 14 Jan 1905 Paul Tanqueray was born.

On 14 Jan 1922 Diana McConnel Duchess of Wellington was born to Major-General Douglas McConnel (age 28).

On 14 Jan 1923 Oliver Kintzing Wallop was born to Gerard Wallop 9th Earl of Portsmouth (age 24).

Marriages on the 14th January

On 14 Jan 1326 Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville of Raby (age 35) and Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke and Neville (age 22) were married. She by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 14 Jan 1392 Ernest "The Iron" Habsburg I Duke Austria (age 15) and Margaret Pomerania Duchess Austria (age 26) were married. She by marriage Duchess Austria. He the son of Leopold "The Just" Habsburg III Duke Austria and Viridis Visconti Duchess Austria (age 40).

Before 14 Jan 1478 Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 29) and Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland (age 20) were married. She the daughter of William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke and Anne Devereux (age 48). He the son of Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland (age 56). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 14 Jan 1507 John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 64) and Elizabeth Scrope Countess of Oxford (age 39) were married. She by marriage Countess of Oxford. The difference in their ages was 25 years. He the son of John de Vere 12th Earl of Oxford and Elizabeth Howard Countess of Oxford.

On 14 Jan 1537 Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 54) and Mary Arundell Countess Arundel were married. She by marriage Viscountess Fitzwalter.

Before 14 Jan 1559 Adrian Poynings (age 47) and Mary West (age 39) were married.

After 14 Jan 1574 John Cotton (age 31) and Elizabeth Bradbourne were married.

Before 14 Jan 1602 John Fenwick 1st Baronet (age 32) and Catherine Slingsby (age 18) were married.

Before 14 Jan 1608 Henry Hawley of Wiveliscombe (age 22) and Elizabeth Poulet (age 20) were married.

Before 14 Jan 1660 Peter Temple (age 47) and Eleanor Tyrrell were married.

Before 14 Jan 1705 Henry Hicks 3rd Baronet (age 39) and Elizabeth Holmes (age 31) were married.

On 14 Jan 1748 William Pleydell-Bouverie 1st Earl Radnor (age 22) and Harriet Pleydell were married.

Before 14 Jan 1773 William Amherst (age 40) and Elizabeth Patterson were married.

On 14 Jan 1828 Thomas Legh (age 35) and Ellen Turner (age 16) were married.

On 14 Jan 1864 John Major Henniker-Major 5th Baron Henniker (age 21) and Alice Mary Cuffe Baroness Henniker (age 19) were married. She the daughter of John Cuffe 3rd Earl Desart (age 45) and Elizabeth Lucy Campbell Countess Desart (age 42).

Before 14 Jan 1904 Ernest Beaton (age 37) and Esther "Etty" Sisson (age 32) were married.

On 14 Jan 1909 Bernard Forbes 8th Earl of Granard (age 34) and Beatrice Mills (age 25) were married. She by marriage Countess Granard. He the son of George Arthur Hastings Forbes 7th Earl Granard.

Before 14 Jan 1933 Aubrey Topham Beauclerk (age 82) and Gwendoline Loftus Hughes were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Deaths on the 14th January

On 14 Jan 1139 Simon Metz I Duke Lorraine (age 63) died. His son Matthias Metz I Duke Lorraine (age 20) succeeded I Duke Lorraine.

On 14 Jan 1299 Isabella Lusignan (age 75) died.

Around 14 Jan 1337 Bishop John Hotham died. He was buried in Ely Cathedral [Map].

On 14 Jan 1366 Margaret Habsburg (age 20) died.

On 14 Jan 1405 Margaret Corbet (age 51) died.

On 14 Jan 1447 Ralph Arderne (age 64) died at Arden Hall, Bredbury [Map].

On 14 Jan 1465 Bishop Thomas Beckington (age 75) died at Wells, Somerset [Map].

On 14 Jan 1476 John Mowbray 4th Duke of Norfolk (age 31) died at Framlingham Castle, Suffolk [Map]. Suspicious since he was only 32? Duke Norfolk, Earl Surrey and Earl Nottingham extinct. His daughter Anne Mowbray 8th Countess Norfolk (age 3) succeeded 8th Countess Norfolk, 11th Baroness Mowbray, 12th Baroness Segrave and inherited the vast Mowbray estates. She was subsequently married to Richard of Shrewsbury 1st Duke of York (age 2) two years later.

On 14 Jan 1507 William Hay 3rd Earl Erroll (age 58) died. His son William Hay 4th Earl Erroll succeeded 4th Earl Erroll. Christian Lyon Countess Erroll (age 25) by marriage Countess Erroll.

On 14 Jan 1529 George Courtenay (age 20) died.

On 14 Jan 1611 Edward Bruce 1st Lord Kinloss (age 63) died.

On 14 Jan 1640 Thomas Coventry 1st Baron Coventry (age 62) died. His son Thomas Coventry 2nd Baron Coventry (age 34) succeeded 2nd Baron Coventry.

On 14 Jan 1652 Dorothy Browne (age 77) died. She was buried at St Bride's Church.

On 14 Jan 1655 Cuthbert Ogle of Bothal and Kirkley (age 86) died.

On 14 Jan 1657 John Dutton (age 62) died. He was buried in Saint Mary Magdalene's Church, Sherborne [Map]. Sculpted by Thomas Burman (age 39). A shrouded upright effigy in white marble within a round-headed niche flanked by black marble columns with Corinthian Capitals and scrolled pediment with the Sherborne arms at the centre, above. Inscription plaques either side. Inscription to John Dutton below.

John Dutton: John Dutton and Elizabeth Bayntun were married. John Dutton and Anne King were married. She the daughter of Bishop John King. Before 05 Oct 1594 he was born to William Dutton. On 05 Oct 1594 John Dutton was baptised.

Thomas Burman: Around 1618 he was born. Around 1632 Thomas Burman was apprenticed to Edward Marshall. In the 1660s Thomas Burman employed six apprentices and assistants. On 17 Mar 1674 he died in the parish of St Martin in the Fields. He was buried at St Paul's Church, Covent Garden.

On 14 Jan 1660 Peter Temple (age 47) died.

On 14 Jan 1661 Alexander Seton aka Montgomerie 6th Earl Eglinton (age 73) died. His son Hugh Montgomerie 7th Earl Eglinton (age 48) succeeded 7th Earl Eglinton.

On 14 Jan 1664 Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans (age 15) died.

On 14 Jan 1683 Edward Thurland Baron of the Exchequer (age 75) died.

On 14 Jan 1686 Thomas Abdy 1st Baronet (age 73) died. His son Anthony Abdy 2nd Baronet (age 30) succeeded 2nd Baronet Abdy of Felix Hall in Kelveden in Essex.

On 14 Jan 1705 Elizabeth Holmes (age 31) died.

On 14 Jan 1717 John Thorold 4th Baronet (age 53) died without issue. He was buried at Syston, South Kesteven [Map]. His first cousin William Thorold 5th Baronet succeeded 5th Baronet Thorold of Marston in Lincolnshire.

Before 14 Jan 1719 Frances Carey died.

On 14 Jan 1721 William Johnstone 1st Marquess of Annandale (age 56) died.

On 14 Jan 1729 Mary Sandys died.

On 14 Jan 1729 John William III Wettin (age 62) died at Eisenach.

On 14 Jan 1744 Dorothy Fairfax (age 88) died.

On 14 Jan 1758 Colonel Metcalfe Graham (age 77) died.

On 14 Jan 1766 Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 42) died. His son Christian VII King Denmark and Norway (age 16) succeeded VII King Denmark and Norway.

On 14 Jan 1772 Mary Hanover (age 48) died.

On 14 Jan 1772 Robert Henley 1st Earl Northington (age 64) died. His son Robert Henley 2nd Earl Northington (age 25) succeeded 2nd Earl Northington.

On 14 Jan 1776 Edward Cornwallis (age 62) died.

On 14 Jan 1780 Diana Grey (age 69) died.

On 14 Jan 1787 Simon Luttrell 1st Earl Carhampton (age 74) died.

On 14 Jan 1788 Walter Smythe (age 68) died.

On 14 Jan 1792 Robert Hughes was killed by the fall of a tree.

On 14 Jan 1797 John Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie (age 23) died.

On 07 Jan 1800 Reverend Samuel Cooper (age 60) died at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk [Map]. He was buried on 14 Jan 1800 at the Minster Church of St Nicholas, Great Yarmouth [Map] where he had been Rector.

On Sat 11 Jan 1800 the Ipswich Journal:

On Tuesday last died, after a long and gradual decay, in the 61st year of his age, the Rev. Dr. Cooper, Minister of this Town, and Rector of Morley and Yelverton, in the County of Norfolk. The faculties of his active mind till sickness had deprived him of the powers of exertion, were strenuously employed in the duties of his profession as a divine, in the exercise of his functions as a magistrate, and in schemes of general utility and extensive beneficence as a member of the community, His writings, whether religious or political were uniformly distinguished by an ardent zeal for the encrease of Christian faith and practice, and an animated attachment to the civil and ecclesiastical establishment of his country. Fervent in devotion, boundless in charity, warm in friendship, placable in controversy, social in public, and affectionate in private life; while proper allowances are made for human frailty, his memory will be long cherished by those who knew him, with mingled regret, esteem and veneration. He was formerly of Magdalen col. Cambridge, where he proceeded A.B. 1760, A.M. 1763, D.D. 1777.

On 14 Jan 1801 Barbara Slaney (age 83) died at Henley on Thames, Oxfordshire [Map].

On or before 14 Jan 1804 William Mansel 9th Baronet (age 64) died. He was buried on 14 Jan 1804 at St. Ishmaell's Church. His son William Mansel 10th Baronet (age 37) succeeded 10th Baronet Mansel of Muddlescombe. Elizabeth Bell Lady Mansel (age 34) by marriage Lady Mansel of Muddlescombe.

On 14 Jan 1805 John Savile Foljambe (age 28) died.

On 14 Jan 1807 Arthur Acheson 1st Earl Gosford (age 62) died. His son Archibald Acheson 2nd Earl Gosford (age 30) succeeded 2nd Earl Gosford. Mary Sparrow Countess Gosford (age 29) by marriage Countess Gosford.

On 14 Jan 1813 Harriet Flower died.

On 14 Jan 1818 Lowry Balfour Cole (age 2) died.

On 14 Jan 1829 William Villiers Robinson (age 62) died.

On 14 Jan 1831 Charles Joshua Smith 2nd Baronet (age 30) died. His son Charles Cunliffe Smith 3rd Baronet (age 3) succeeded 3rd Baronet Smith of Tring Park in Hertfordshire.

On 14 Jan 1833 George Dallas 1st Baronet (age 74) died. His son Robert Dallas 2nd Baronet (age 28) succeeded 2nd Baronet Dallas of Upper Harley Street in Middlesex.

On 14 Jan 1837 George Thicknesse-Touchet 20th Baron Audley (age 53) died. His son George Edward Thicknesse-Touchet 21st Baron Audley (age 19) succeeded 21st Baron Audley of Heighley in Staffordshire.

On 14 Jan 1847 William Anson 1st Baronet (age 74) died. His son John William Hamilton Anson 2nd Baronet (age 30) succeeded 2nd Baronet Anson of Birch Hall in Lancashire. Elizabeth Catherine Pack Lady Anson (age 26) by marriage Lady Anson of Birch Hall in Lancashire.

On 14 Jan 1855 George Wombwell 3rd Baronet (age 62) died. His son George Orby Wombwell 4th Baronet (age 22) succeeded 4th Baronet Wombwell of Wombwell in Yorkshire.

On 14 Jan 1861 William George Henry Somerset (age 76) died.

On 14 Jan 1868 John Chandos Reade 7th Baronet (age 83) died. He was buried at St Philip's Church, Little Rollright. His will makes no mention of any relative, but (to the exclusion of his heir at law) devises the Shipton Court estate and (with trifling exception) all his real and personal estate to Joseph Wakefield, apparently his servant, whom he directs to take his name. The will was declared valid, and pr. 24 June 1868 when the devise took effect. His great nephew Chandos Stanhope Reade 8th Baronet (age 16) succeeded 8th Baronet Reade of Barton in Berkshire.

On 14 Jan 1872 Georgiana Maria Greville (age 45) died.

On 14 Jan 1878 Edward Cust 1st Baronet (age 83) died. His son Leopold Cust 2nd Baronet (age 47) succeeded 2nd Baronet Cust of Leasowe Castle in Cheshire.

On 14 Jan 1879 Alice Louisa Anson died.

On 14 Jan 1884 Francis Holl (age 68) died.

On 14 Jan 1890 Arthur Cairns 2nd Earl Cairns (age 28) died.

On 14 Jan 1893 Alexander Jardine 8th Baronet (age 63) died.

On 14 Jan 1894 William John Butler (age 75) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map] on 18 Jan 1894. On 25 Apr 1896 a monument by Farmer & Brindley of red Verona marble with an alabaster effigy carved by Léon-Joseph Chavalliaud (age 35) was unveiled.

On 14 Jan 1894 Reverend Fitzherbert Asteley Cave-Browne-Cave (age 54) died.

On 14 Jan 1895 Captain Edward Hughes Brodrick Hartnell (age 57) died.

On 14 Jan 1897 Thomas Grove 1st Baronet (age 73) died.

On 14 Jan 1901 Bishop Mandell Crichton (age 57) died. He was buried at Peterborough Cathedral [Map].

Bishop Mandell Crichton: On 05 Jul 1843 he was born at Carlisle, Cumberland. On 25 Apr 1891 Bishop Mandell Crichton was consecrated Bishop of Peterborough. In 1897 Bishop Mandell Crichton was consecrated Bishop of London.

Around 14 Jan 1918 Lieutenant John Francis Tryon (age 26) was killed when H M submarine G8 was sunk whilst on patrol in the Kattegat.

On 14 Jan 1919 Flora Gubbay aka Sassoon (age 59) died.

On 14 Jan 1928 Maria Howard (age 92) died.

On 14 Jan 1933 Aubrey Topham Beauclerk (age 82) died.

On 14 Jan 1934 Averil Beaumont (age 93) died.

On 14 Jan 1939 Prince Valdemar Glücksburg (age 80) died at the Yellow Palace. He was buried at Roskilde Cathedral.

On 14 Jan 1945 Gerald Balfour 2nd Earl of Balfour (age 91) died.

On 14 Jan 1952 Florence Elisabeth "Anthi" Laing (age 98) died at East Molesey, Surrey.

On 14 Jan 1957 Eleanor Hamilton (age 92) died.

On 14 Jan 1959 Mary Cavendish Grosvenor (age 75) died.

On 14 Jan 1990 Rosalind Venetia Henley (age 82) died.

On 14 Jan 2004 Francis Trajan Sacheverell Sitwell (age 68) died.