On this Day in History ... 15th November

15 Nov is in November.

655 Battle of the Winwaed

1642 Battle of Brentford

1665 Great Plague of London

1677 Marriage of William of Orange and Princess Mary Stewart

1678 Popish Plot

1712 Hamilton-Mohun Duel

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 15th November

On 15 Nov 655 King Oswiu of Northumbria (age 43) defeated the Mercian army (probably) at Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed ending the period of Mercian dominance. The battle is believed to have ended Anglo-Saxon paganism.

On 15 Nov 655 Æthelwald King Deira (age 13), an ally of King Penda of Mercia, withdrew his forces, one of many Mercian allies to do so, weakening King Penda's army.

King Penda of Mercia and King Æthelhere of East Anglia were killed. Penda's son Paeda King South Mercia succeeded King South Mercia.

King Æthelwold of East Anglia succeeded King East Anglia after the death of his father at the Battle of the Winwaed.

Bede. 15 Nov 655. He then vowed, that if he should win the victory, he would dedicate his daughter (age 1) to the Lord in holy virginity, and give twelve pieces of land whereon to build monasteries. After this he gave battle with a very small army: indeed, it is reported that the pagans had thirty times the number of men; for they had thirty legions, drawn up under most noted commanders.432 King Oswy (age 43) and his son Alchfrid met them with a very small army, as has been said, but trusting in Christ as their Leader; his other son, Egfrid (age 10)433, was then kept as a hostage at the court of Queen Cynwise434, in the province of the Mercians. King Oswald's son Oidilwald435, who ought to have supported them, was on the enemy's side, and led them on to fight against his country and his uncle; though, during the battle, he withdrew, and awaited the event in a place of safety. The engagement began, the pagans were put to flight or killed, the thirty royal commanders, who had come to Penda's assistance, were almost all of them slain; among whom was Ethelhere436, brother and successor to Anna, king of the East Angles. He had been the occasion of the war, and was now killed, having lost his army and auxiliaries. The battle was fought near the river Winwaed437, which then, owing to the great rains, was in flood, and had overflowed its banks, so that many more were drowned in the flight than destroyed in battle by the sword.

Note 431. Oswald; v.s. c. 9.

Note 432. "Ealdormen," Green, "Making of England," p. 301. But they probably included many British chiefs (v. Nennius, and cf. infra "duces regii").

Note 433. Oswy's younger son. He succeeded his father in 670 or 671 (v. IV, 5, and for the events of his reign, IV, V, passim).

Note 434. The wife of Penda.

Note 435. Cc. 14 and 23. The reason for his conduct is not explained. Probably he had hoped to establish his claims on Northumbria through Penda's assistance, but shrank from actually fighting against his country.

Note 436. Cf. c. 22, ad fin., note. How he gave occasion for the war is not known.

Note 437. The river has not been identified, and there is great uncertainty even with regard to the district. Below, Bede says that Oswy concluded the war in the district of "Loidis," by which he must mean Leeds, as in II, 14, and most commentators adopt this view. In this case, the river may be the Aire, or more probably the Went, a tributary of the Don. Others believe the district to be the Lothians, following the account in Nennius, who describes Oswy as taking refuge before the battle in a city called Iudeu, supposed to be either Edinburgh or Carriden (cf. I, 12, note), and the river has been supposed to be the Avon in Linlithgow.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 15 Nov 1655. This year Penda was slain at Wingfield, and thirty royal personages with him, some of whom were kings. One of them was Ethelhere, brother of Anna, king of the East-Angles. The Mercians after this became Christians. From the beginning of the world had now elapsed five thousand eight hundred and fifty winters, when Peada, the son of Penda, assumed the government of the Mercians. In his time came together himself and Oswy, brother of King Oswald, and said, that they would rear a minster to the glory of Christ, and the honour of St. Peter. And they did so, and gave it the name of Medhamsted [Map]; because there is a well there, called Meadswell. And they began the groundwall, and wrought thereon; after which they committed the work to a monk, whose name was Saxulf. He was very much the friend of God, and him also loved all people. He was nobly born in the world, and rich: he is now much richer with Christ. But King Peada reigned no while; for he was betrayed by his own queen, in Easter-tide.

Bede. Then King Oswy (age 43), according to the vow he had made to the Lord, returned thanks to God for the victory granted him, and gave his daughter Elfled (age 1)438, who was scarce a year old, to be consecrated to Him in perpetual virginity; bestowing also twelve small estates of land, wherein the practice of earthly warfare should cease, and place and means should be afforded to devout and zealous monks to wage spiritual warfare, and pray for the eternal peace of his nation. Of these estates six were in the province of the Deiri, and the other six in that of the Bernicians. Each of the estates contained ten families, that is, a hundred and twenty in all. The aforesaid daughter (age 1) of King Oswy, who was to be dedicated to God, entered the monastery called Heruteu439, or, "The Island of the Hart," at that time ruled by the Abbess Hilda440, who, two years after, having acquired an estate of ten families, at the place called Streanaeshalch [Map]441, built a monastery there, in which the aforesaid king's daughter was first trained in the monastic life and afterwards became abbess; till, at the age of fifty-nine, the blessed virgin departed to be united to her Heavenly Bridegroom. In this monastery, she and her father, Oswy, her mother (age 29), Eanfled, her mother's father, Edwin442, and many other noble persons, are buried in the church of the holy Apostle Peter. King Oswy concluded this war in the district of Loidis, in the thirteenth year of his reign, on the 15th of November443, to the great benefit of both nations; for he delivered his own people from the hostile depredations of the pagans, and, having made an end of their heathen chief, converted the Mercians and the adjacent provinces to the grace of the Christian faith.

Note 438. She is mentioned as joint-abbess with her mother, Eanfled, of the monastery of Whitby (IV, 26). Eddius calls her "sapientissima virgo," "semper totius provinciae consolatrix optimaque consiliatrix." Her influence helped to restore Wilfrid to the bishopric. She was the friend of St. Cuthbert, who is said to have wrought a miraculous cure on her behalf. It was to her that he prophesied the death of her brother Egfrid (IV, 26, p. 285, note).

Note 439. Hartlepool in the county of Durham (cf. IV, 23).

Note 440. For the main facts of her life, v. IV, 23. She was Abbess of Whitby at the time of the Synod (c. 25).

Note 441. Whitby [Map]. It was a mixed monastery (cf. IV, 23).

Note 442. The ancient life of Gregory the Great, by a monk of Whitby, tells how Edwin's body was translated thither from the place where he fell. For the fate of his head, cf. II, 20.

Note 443. In 655: cf. V, 24 (death of Penda).

On 15 Nov 1184 Beatrice Ivrea Holy Roman Empress (age 39) died.

On 15 Nov 1261 Sanchia Provence Queen Consort Germany (deceased) was buried at Hailes Abbey [Map].

On 05 Jun 1316 Louis X King France I Navarre (age 26) died. On 15 Nov 1316 His son John "The Posthumous" I King France succeeded posthumously I King France: Capet.

On 15 Nov 1347 Peter IV King Aragon (age 28) and Eleanor Burgundy Queen Consort Aragon (age 19) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Aragon. She the daughter of Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal (age 56) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal (age 54). He the son of Alfonso IV King Aragon and Teresa Enteca Queen Consort Aragon. They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 15 Nov 1559 Albert Habsburg Spain VII Archduke Austria was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 32) and Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 31). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.03%.

On 15 Nov 1592 Thomas Cockayne (age 71) died. He was buried at St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map]. Monument to Thomas Cockayne (age 71) and his wife Dorothy Ferrers. Elizabethan Period.

Thomas Cockayne: On 27 Nov 1520 he was born to Francis Cockayne and Dorothy Marrow. Before 1545 Thomas Cockayne and Dorothy Ferrers were married.

Dorothy Ferrers: Dorothy Ferrers was buried at St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne. she was born to Humphrey Ferrers and Margaret or Margot Pigot.

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Nov 1642. The 12th of November was the Battle of Brentford, surprisingly fought; and to the great consternation of the City, had his Majesty (age 41) (as it was believed he would) pursued his advantage. I came in with my horse and arms just at the retreat; but was not permitted to stay longer than the 15th, by reason of the army marching to Gloucester, Gloucestershire [Map]; which would have left both me and my brothers exposed to ruin, without any advantage to his Majesty (age 41).

Pepy's Diary. 15 Nov 1663. At noon home to dinner, my wife not being up, she lying to expect Mr. Holyard (age 54) the surgeon. So I dined by myself, and in the afternoon to my office again, and there drew up a letter to my Lord, stating to him what the world talks concerning him, and leaving it to him and myself to be thought of by him as he pleases, but I have done but my duty in it. I wait Mr. Moore's coming for his advice about sending it.

Pepy's Diary. 15 Nov 1663. So home to supper to my wife, myself finding myself by cold got last night beginning to have some pain, which grieves me much in my mind to see to what a weakness I am come. This day being our Queene's (age 53) birthday, the guns of the Tower [Map] went all off; and in the evening the Lord Mayor (age 47) sent from church to church to order the constables to cause bonfires to be made in every streete, which methinks is a poor thing to be forced to be commanded. After a good supper with my wife, and hearing of the mayds read in the Bible, we to prayers, and to bed.

Pepy's Diary. 15 Nov 1665. But, they being gone, the lady and I very civilly sat an houre by the fireside observing the folly of this Robinson (age 50), that makes it his worke to praise himself, and all he say and do, like a heavy-headed coxcombe. The plague, blessed be God! is decreased 400; making the whole this week but 1300 and odd; for which the Lord be praised!

Pepy's Diary. 15 Nov 1666. Presently after the King (age 36) was come in, he took the Queene (age 56), and about fourteen more couple there was, and began the Bransles. As many of the men as I can remember presently, were, the King (age 36), Duke of York (age 33), Prince Rupert (age 46), Duke of Monmouth (age 17), Duke of Buckingham (age 38), Lord Douglas (age 20), Mr. [George] Hamilton (age 59), Colonell Russell (age 46), Mr. Griffith, Lord Ossory (age 32), Lord Rochester (age 19); and of the ladies, the Queene (age 56), Duchess of York (age 29), Mrs. Stewart (age 19), Duchess of Monmouth (age 15), Lady Essex Howard, Mrs. Temples (age 17), Swedes Embassadress, Lady Arlington (age 32); Lord George Barkeley's daughter (age 16) [Note. Assumed Elizabeth], and many others I remember not; but all most excellently dressed in rich petticoats and gowns, and dyamonds, and pearls.

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Nov 1677. The Queen's (age 38) birthday, a great ball at Court, where the Prince of Orange (age 27) and his new Princess (age 15) danced.

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Nov 1678. The Queen's (age 39) birthday. I never saw the Court more brave, nor the nation in more apprehension and consternation. Coleman (age 42) and one Staly had now been tried, condemned, and executed. On this, Oates grew so presumptuous as to accuse the Queen (age 39) of intending to poison the King (age 48); which certainly that pious and virtuous lady abhorred the thoughts of, and Oates's circumstances made it utterly unlikely in my opinion. He probably thought to gratify some who would have been glad his Majesty (age 48) should have married a fruitful lady; but the King (age 48) was too kind a husband to let any of these make impression on him. However, divers of the Popish peers were sent to the Tower of London [Map], accused by Oates; and all the Roman Catholic lords were by a new Act forever excluded the Parliament; which was a mighty blow. the King's (age 48), Queen's, and Duke's servants, were banished, and a test to be taken by everybody who pretended to enjoy any office of public trust, and who would not be suspected of Popery. I went with Sir William Godolphin (age 38), a member of the Commons' House, to the Bishop of Ely (Dr. Peter Gunning (age 64)), to be resolved whether masses were idolatry, as the text expressed it, which was so worded, that several good Protestants scrupled, and Sir William, though a learned man and excellent divine himself, had some doubts about it. The Bishop's opinion was that he might take it, though he wished it had been otherwise worded in the text.

On 15 Nov 1708 William "The Elder" Pitt 1st Earl Chatham was born to Robert Pitt (age 28) and Harriet Villiers.

On 12 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton (age 37) duelled with James Hamilton Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon (age 54) at Hyde Park [Map] over a legal dispute about the estate and inheritance of the late Earl Macclesfield.

Mohun had married Charlotte Orby Baroness Mohun Okehampton grand-daughter of Charles Gerard 1st Earl Macclesfield. James Hamilton Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon (age 54) had married Elizabeth Gerard Duchess Brandon (age 32).

On 15 Nov 1712 James Hamilton Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon (age 54) died from wounds received duelling. His son James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon (age 9) succeeded 5th Duke Hamilton, 2nd Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 2nd Baron Dutton of Cheshire.

On 15 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton (age 37) died from wounds received duelling; his father had died the same way. Baron Mohun Okehampton and Baronet Mohun of Boconnoc in Cornwall extinct.

On 15 Nov 1778 Jean Baptiste Roy Audy was born in Quebec.

On 15 Nov 1778 Ann Casey, Lady Vere Bertie, died. She was buried at All Saints' Church, Branston [Map].

Ann Casey: she was born illegitimately to Cecil Wray 11th Baronet. On 21 Jan 1736 Cecil Wray 11th Baronet wrote his will in which he left £14,000 and his estates to his illegitimate daughter Ann Casey. On 13 Sep 1736 or 04 Oct 1736 Vere Bertie and she were married. They had two sons, who died young, and two daughters. He the son of Robert Bertie 1st Duke Ancaster and Kesteven and Albinia Farington Duchess Ancaster and Kesteven.

On 15 Nov 1802 George Romney (age 67) died. He was buried in St Mary's Church.

Archaeologia Volume 22 Section XV. Observations on several Circles of Stones in Scotland, presumed to be Druidical: by James Logan, Esq. F.S.A. Edinb. in a Letter addressed to the Right Honourable the Earl of Aberdeen, K. T. President. Read 15th November 1827.

On 15 Nov 1842 Harry Mengden Scarth (age 28) and Elizabeth Sally Hamilton were married. They had seven children of which a son and two daughters survived him.

On 15 Nov 1863 King Christian IX of Denmark (age 45) succeeded IX King Denmark.

On 15 Nov 1863 Frederick VII King Denmark (age 55) died.

On 15 Nov 1871 Frederick Collings Lukis (age 83) died.

On 15 Nov 1876 Princess Anna Elisabeth Bibesco Bassaraba de Brancovan was born to Prince Grégoire Bibesco Bassaraba (age 48) at Paris [Map].

Archaeologia Volume 84 1935 Section VI. The Avebury Excavations [Map], 1908-1922. By H. St. George Gray (age 62), Esq., F.S.A. Read 15th November 1934.

Births on the 15th November

On 15 Nov 1559 Albert Habsburg Spain VII Archduke Austria was born to Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 32) and Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 31). Coefficient of inbreeding 10.03%.

On 15 Nov 1629 Henry Every 2nd Baronet was born to Simon Every 1st Baronet (age 26) and Anne Leigh.

On 15 Nov 1698 Henriette Louise Jeffreys Countess Pomfret was born to John Jeffreys 2nd Baron Jeffreys (age 25) and Charlotte Herbert Viscountess Windsor (age 22) at Leicester Square.

On 15 Nov 1705 Halswell Tynte 3rd Baronet was born to John Tynte 2nd Baronet (age 22) and Jane Kemeys Lady Tynte (age 20).

On 15 Nov 1708 William "The Elder" Pitt 1st Earl Chatham was born to Robert Pitt (age 28) and Harriet Villiers.

On 15 Nov 1708 Stephen Anderson 3rd Baronet was born to Stephen Anderson 2nd Baronet (age 30). He was baptised at St Andrew's Church, Holborn on the same day.

On 15 Nov 1717 Robert Eden 3rd Baronet was born to John Eden 2nd Baronet (age 40) and Catherine Shafto.

On 15 Nov 1721 Nathaniel Cholmley was born to Hugh Cholmley (age 37) and Katherine Wentworth.

On 15 Nov 1725 Louisa Margaret Lennox was born to Charles Lennox 2nd Duke Richmond (age 24) and Sarah Cadogan Duchess Richmond (age 20). She a great granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 15 Nov 1725 John St John 12th Baron St John was born to John St John 11th Baron St John (age 37) and Elizabeth Crowley Baroness St John.

On 15 Nov 1746 Anna Orange Nassau was born to Willam Karel Hendrik Friso Orange Nassau (age 35) and Princess Anne Hanover (age 37). She a granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 15 Nov 1761 George Worsley was born.

On 15 Nov 1778 Jean Baptiste Roy Audy was born in Quebec.

On 15 Nov 1784 Jérôme Bonaparte was born to Charles-Marie Bonaparte (age 38).

On 15 Nov 1785 Stafford O'Brien was born to Henry O'Brien (age 49).

On 15 Nov 1798 Rice Richard Clayton was born to William Clayton 4th Baronet (age 36) and Mary East Lady Clayton (age 33).

On 15 Nov 1819 Elizabeth Boddie Lady Fleming was born to Captain Simeon Jame Boddie.

On 15 Nov 1834 Margaret Erskine was born to Henry David Erskine 12th Earl of Buchan (age 51).

On 15 Nov 1838 James Charles Cavendish was born to George Henry Cavendish (age 28) and Louisa Lascelles (age 26).

On 15 Nov 1863 Bishop Leonard Jauncey White Thompson was born.

In 15 Nov 1866 Gervase Elwes Singer was born to Valentine Dudley Henry Cary-Elwes (age 34) and Alice Geraldine Ward (age 22).

On 15 Nov 1870 Harold Edward Fitzclarence was born to William Fitzclarence 2nd Earl Munster (age 46) and Wilhelmina Kennedy-Erskine (age 40). He a great grandson of King William IV of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 15 Nov 1873 Ronald Collet Norman was born.

On 15 Nov 1876 Princess Anna Elisabeth Bibesco Bassaraba de Brancovan was born to Prince Grégoire Bibesco Bassaraba (age 48) at Paris [Map].

On 15 Nov 1883 Reverend Lionel Kenelm Digby was born to Reginald Digby (age 36).

On 15 Nov 1895 Olga Holstein Gottorp Romanov was born to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (age 27) and Alix aka Alexandra Hesse Darmstadt (age 23). She a great granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.16%.

On 15 Nov 1908 Anthony Thomas Wilson was born to Mathew Richard Henry Wilson 4th Baronet (age 33) and Barbrara Lister (age 28).

On 15 Nov 1922 John Brigg Charles Fountaine was born to Vice Admiral Charles Andrew Fountaine (age 43) and Louisa Constance Catherine Maclean at Narford Hall.

On 15 Nov 1975 William Robertson 3rd Baron Robertson was born to William Robertson 2nd Baron Robertson (age 44).

Marriages on the 15th November

On 15 Nov 1347 Peter IV King Aragon (age 28) and Eleanor Burgundy Queen Consort Aragon (age 19) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Aragon. She the daughter of Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal (age 56) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal (age 54). He the son of Alfonso IV King Aragon and Teresa Enteca Queen Consort Aragon. They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 15 Nov 1461 Nicholas Hay 2nd Earl Erroll (age 25) and Elizabeth Gordon Countess Erroll were married. She by marriage Countess Erroll. She the daughter of Alexander Gordon 1st Earl Huntley. He the son of William Hay 1st Earl Erroll (age 38) and Beatrice Douglas Countess Erroll.

Around 15 Nov 1509 George Fitzhugh 7th Baron Fitzhugh (age 23) and Catherine Dacre (age 24) were married. They were half second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Before 15 Nov 1629 Simon Every 1st Baronet (age 26) and Anne Leigh were married.

Before 15 Nov 1698 John Jeffreys 2nd Baron Jeffreys (age 25) and Charlotte Herbert Viscountess Windsor (age 22) were married. She by marriage Baroness Jeffreys. She the daughter of Philip "Infamous Earl" Herbert 7th Earl Pembroke 4th Earl Montgomery and Henrietta Kéroualle Countess Pembroke and Montgomery.

Before 15 Nov 1721 Hugh Cholmley (age 37) and Katherine Wentworth were married.

Before 15 Nov 1786 Richard Temple 7th Baronet (age 55) and Anne Sophia Temple were married. They were first cousins.

On 15 Nov 1804 Charles Bagenal Agar (age 35) and Anna Maria Hunt were married.

On 15 Nov 1832 Reverend Brook George Bridges 6th Baronet (age 30) and Louisa Chaplin were married.

On 15 Nov 1842 Harry Mengden Scarth (age 28) and Elizabeth Sally Hamilton were married. They had seven children of which a son and two daughters survived him.

On 15 Nov 1855 William Keppel 7th Earl Albermarle (age 23) and Sophia Mary MacNab of Dundurn Castle (age 23) were married at Dundurn Castle. He the son of George Thomas Keppel 6th Earl Albermarle (age 56). He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 15 Nov 1866 Valentine Dudley Henry Cary-Elwes (age 34) and Alice Geraldine Ward (age 22) were married.

On 15 Nov 1876 Henry Chaplin 1st Viscount Chaplin (age 35) and Florence Sutherland Leveson-Gower (age 21) were married at Trentham, Staffordshire. She the daughter of George Leveson-Gower 3rd Duke Sutherland (age 47) and Anne Hay Mackenzie Duchess Sutherland (age 47).

On 15 Nov 1893 Seymour Bathurst 7th Earl Bathurst (age 29) and Lilias Margaret Frances Borthwick Countess Bathurst Sussex (age 22) were married. She by marriage Countess Bathurst of Bathurst in Sussex. He the son of Allen Bathurst 6th Earl Bathurst and Meriel Warren. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 15 Nov 1898 Robert Hamilton-Udny 11th Lord Belhaven and Stenton (age 27) and Kathleen Gonville Bromhead were married.

Deaths on the 15th November

On 15 Nov 655 King Oswiu of Northumbria (age 43) defeated the Mercian army (probably) at Cock Beck during the Battle of the Winwaed ending the period of Mercian dominance. The battle is believed to have ended Anglo-Saxon paganism.

On 15 Nov 655 Æthelwald King Deira (age 13), an ally of King Penda of Mercia, withdrew his forces, one of many Mercian allies to do so, weakening King Penda's army.

King Penda of Mercia and King Æthelhere of East Anglia were killed. Penda's son Paeda King South Mercia succeeded King South Mercia.

King Æthelwold of East Anglia succeeded King East Anglia after the death of his father at the Battle of the Winwaed.

On 15 Nov 1037 Odo Blois II Count Blois (age 54) died. His son Theobald Blois III Count Blois (age 25) succeeded III Count Blois. His son Stephen Blois II Count Troyes and Meaux succeeded II Count Troyes and Meaux.

On 15 Nov 1101 Elvira Jiménez (age 63) died.

On 15 Nov 1184 Beatrice Ivrea Holy Roman Empress (age 39) died.

On 15 Nov 1251 Aénor de Saint-Valéry (age 59) died.

On 05 Jun 1316 Louis X King France I Navarre (age 26) died. On 15 Nov 1316 His son John "The Posthumous" I King France succeeded posthumously I King France: Capet.

Before 15 Nov 1400 Roger Lewknor (age 31) died.

On 15 Nov 1410 Joanna Sophia Wittelsbach Duchess Austria (age 37) died at Vienna.

Before 15 Nov 1448 Hugh Willoughby died. On 15 Nov 1448 Hugh Willoughby was buried at St Mary & All Saints Church, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds [Map]. Monument to Hugh Willoughby and Margaret Freville (age 47). Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Hip Belt. Horned Headdress. Chest with Weepers holding Shields. Dogs chewing at her dress with Studded Collar. Angels Supporting Pillow. Possibly Sutton and Prentys.

Hugh Willoughby: he was born to Edmund Willoughby and Isabel Annesley. Around 1395 Hugh Willoughby and Isabel Foljambe were married. Before 1419 Hugh Willoughby and Margaret Freville were married.

Margaret Freville: In 1401 she was born to Baldwin Freville. In 1493 she died.

On 15 Nov 1453 Gervase Clifton (age 63) died.

On 15 Nov 1469 Margherita Baux (age 75) died.

On 15 Nov 1494 William Calthorpe (age 84) died.

Around 15 Nov 1496 Peter Hay 1st of Megginch (age 50) died.

On 15 Nov 1527 Catherine York Countess Devon (age 48) died at Tiverton Castle [Map]. She was buried at St Peter's Church Tiverton, Devon.

On 15 Nov 1531 Robert Sheffield died.

On 15 Nov 1558 John Digby died. He was buried at the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Coleshill [Map].

On 15 Nov 1558 Gilbert Kennedy 3rd Earl Cassilis (age 43) died at Dieppe, Seine Maritime, Haute Normandie. His son Gilbert Kennedy 4th Earl Cassilis (age 17) succeeded 4th Earl Cassilis.

On 15 Nov 1561 Robert Coke (age 48) died at Holburn, Norfolk. He was buried at Mileham, Norfolk.

On 15 Nov 1577 Isobel Lindsay (age 55) died.

On 15 Nov 1592 Thomas Cockayne (age 71) died. He was buried at St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map]. Monument to Thomas Cockayne (age 71) and his wife Dorothy Ferrers. Elizabethan Period.

Thomas Cockayne: On 27 Nov 1520 he was born to Francis Cockayne and Dorothy Marrow. Before 1545 Thomas Cockayne and Dorothy Ferrers were married.

Dorothy Ferrers: she was born to Humphrey Ferrers and Margaret or Margot Pigot. Dorothy Ferrers was buried at St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne.

On 15 Nov 1595 William Wesley (age 18) died.

On 15 Nov 1634 Gilbert Kniveton 2nd Baronet (age 52) died. His son Andrew Kniveton 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Kniveton of Mercaston in Derbyshire.

On 15 Nov 1666 John Glynne (age 64) died. He was buried in his own vault under the alter at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map].

On 15 Nov 1672 Walter Long 1st Baronet (age 69) died at Whaddon, Wiltshire. His son Walter Long 2nd Baronet (age 45) succeeded 2nd Baronet Long of Whaddon in Wiltshire.

On 15 Nov 1699 John Forster (age 31) died unmarried.

On 12 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton (age 37) duelled with James Hamilton Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon (age 54) at Hyde Park [Map] over a legal dispute about the estate and inheritance of the late Earl Macclesfield.

Mohun had married Charlotte Orby Baroness Mohun Okehampton grand-daughter of Charles Gerard 1st Earl Macclesfield. James Hamilton Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon (age 54) had married Elizabeth Gerard Duchess Brandon (age 32).

On 15 Nov 1712 James Hamilton Duke Hamilton, 1st Duke Brandon (age 54) died from wounds received duelling. His son James Hamilton 5th Duke Hamilton 2nd Duke Brandon (age 9) succeeded 5th Duke Hamilton, 2nd Duke Brandon of Suffolk, 2nd Baron Dutton of Cheshire.

On 15 Nov 1712 Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton (age 37) died from wounds received duelling; his father had died the same way. Baron Mohun Okehampton and Baronet Mohun of Boconnoc in Cornwall extinct.

On 15 Nov 1717 Johan Adolf Von Kielmansegg (age 49) died.

On 15 Nov 1726 Mary Tudor Countess Derwentwater (age 53) died in Paris [Map].

On 15 Nov 1729 William Beresford (age 53) died.

On 15 Nov 1734 John Nelson (age 81) died.

On 15 Nov 1739 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Strafford (age 67) died. He had suffered poor health for a number of years. His son William Wentworth 2nd Earl Strafford (age 17) succeeded 2nd Earl Strafford.

On 15 Nov 1761 Peter Temple 6th Baronet (age 66) died. His son Richard Temple 7th Baronet (age 30) succeeded 7th Baronet Temple of Stowe.

On 15 Nov 1786 Richard Temple 7th Baronet (age 55) died. His third cousin John Temple 8th Baronet (age 55) succeeded 8th Baronet Temple of Stowe. There is some disagreement as to whether he was legally the 8th Baronet, with some sources, including Cracroft stating:

Following the death of Sir Richard Temple the Baronetcy of Temple of Stow was claimed by his third cousin, John Temple (age 55), British Consul-General in Washington 1786-98, a great-grandson of Mary Temple and her husband Robert Nelson. In spite of a letter of support from his kinsman, George [Grenville later Nugent-Temple-Grenville] (age 33), 1st Marquess of Buckingham, the heir general of the 1st Baronet, Mr John Temple's claim to the Baronetcy cannot be through his mother, as the succession to the baronetcy was restricted to male heirs of the body of the 1st Baronet. His claim must, therefore, be through his father, Capt Robert Temple, of Boston, Massachusetts, British North America (and indeed the Marquess of Buckingham describes him as the "heir male" of the 1st Baronet in his letter from Stowe dated 3 Dec 1786). Without further information it is difficult to see Mr John Temple's placing amongst the male line descendants of the 1st Baronet and the nature of the kinship between his parents, unless he descends, as has been suggested, from the Rev Thomas Temple, Rector of Burton-on-the-Water, and third son of the 1st Baronet.

In addition to Mr John Temple's claim it is possible that there are living male line descendants of Col Edmund Temple, of Sulby Priory, co. Northampton, through his third son, Edmund Temple, of Leicester, and it is for this reason that the Baronetcy of Temple of Stowe is regarded as being dormant rather than extinct.

Before 15 Nov 1796 Thomas Somers-Cocks (age 58) died.

On 15 Nov 1802 George Romney (age 67) died. He was buried in St Mary's Church.

On 15 Nov 1804 Paget Bayly (age 51) died.

On 15 Nov 1804 Henry Hunloke 4th Baronet (age 80) died. His son Thomas Windsor Hunloke 5th Baronet (age 31) succeeded 5th Baronet Hunloke of Wingerworth in Derbyshire.

On 15 Nov 1831 Grace Norton Countess Portsmouth (age 79) died.

On 15 Nov 1831 Charles Powell Leslie (age 62) died.

On 15 Nov 1832 Richard Bourke (age 65) died

On 15 Nov 1835 Robert William Manners (age 53) died.

On 15 Nov 1843 Eldred Curwen Pottinger of Mount Pottinger in Down (age 32) died at Hong Kong whlist visiting his uncle Henry Pottinger 1st Baronet (age 54) who was Governor of Hong Kong.

On 15 Nov 1845 Harriet Simeon Lady Baker died.

On 15 Nov 1848 George Lane-Fox (age 55) died.

On 15 Nov 1848 Susan Maria Hamond (age 41) died.

On 15 Nov 1858 Horatia Louisa St John-Mildmay died.

On 15 Nov 1863 Frederick VII King Denmark (age 55) died.

On 15 Nov 1867 Geraldine Fitzgerald (age 19) died.

On 15 Nov 1868 Jacob "James" Mayer de Rothschild (age 76) died.

On 15 Nov 1871 Frederick Collings Lukis (age 83) died.

On 15 Nov 1898 Sophia Frances Sykes died.

On 15 Nov 1904 Thomas Baring 1st Earl Northbrook (age 78) died at Stratton Park House. His son Francis Baring 2nd Earl Northbrook (age 53) succeeded 2nd Earl Northbrook, 3rd Baron Northbrook, 5th Baronet Baring of Larkbeer in Devon. Florence Anita Coote Countess Northbrook (age 43) by marriage Countess Northbrook.

On 15 Nov 1907 Anthony Evelyn Melbourne Ashley-Cooper (age 71) died.

On 15 Nov 1912 Robert Sacheverell Wilmot-Sitwell (age 88) died.

On 15 Nov 1915 Elizabeth Montgomery Blennerhasset (age 93) died.

On 15 Nov 1924 Edwin Montagu (age 45) died.

On 15 Nov 1931 Margaret Georgiana Compton (age 84) died.

On 15 Nov 1956 Margaret Mary Heathcote-Willoughby-Drummond (age 90) died.

On 15 Nov 1957 Victoria Alexandrina Mary Cecil Herbert (age 82) died.

On 15 Nov 1962 Jacqueline Vereker Countess de l'Isle (age 48) died.

On 15 Nov 1975 John Alexander Elphinstone 17th Lord Elphinstone (age 61) died.

On 15 Nov 1983 Edward FitzClarence 6th Earl of Munster (age 84) died.

On 15 Nov 1983 Richard Stanley (age 63) died.

On 15 Nov 1984 Percy Hamilton Seymour 18th Duke of Somerset (age 74) died. His son John Michael Edward Seymour 19th Duke of Somerset (age 31) succeeded 19th Duke Somerset, 17th Baronet Seymour of Berry Pomeroy. Judith Rose Hull Duchess Somerset by marriage Duchess Somerset.

On 15 Nov 1987 Gabriel Mary Hermione Herbert (age 76) died.

On 15 Nov 2014 Caroline Victoria Wood (age 77) died.

On 15 Nov 2021 Anne Clarissa Spencer-Churchill died.