On this Day in History ... 16 November

16 Nov is in November.

1093 Battle of Alnwick

1272 Death of Henry III

1538 Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed

On 16 Nov 1005 Archbishop Ælfric died.

Battle of Alnwick

On 16 Nov 1093 Margaret Wessex Queen Consort Scotland (age 48) died three days after her husband Malcolm III King Scotland (deceased) and her son Edward Dunkeld were killed at the Battle of Alnwick.

On 16 Nov 1207 Walter de Coutances died.

On 16 Nov 1240 Archbishop Edmund Rich (age 65) died at Soisy-Bouy, Seine et Marne.

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1327 Archbishop Walter Reynolds died at Mortlake.

On 16 Nov 1327 William Donn Burgh 3rd Earl Ulster (age 15) and Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster (age 17) were married. She by marriage Countess Ulster. She the daughter of Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 46) and Maud Chaworth. They were second cousin once removed. He a great grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. On the 16th of November [1357] after her return to Hertford Castle [Map], she was visited by the renowned Gascon warrior, the Captal de Buche (age 26), cousin of the Comte de Foix. He had recently come over into England with the Prince of Wales, having taken part, on the English side, in the great battle of Poitiers.

On 16 Nov 1379 Otto "The Bavarian" Wittelsbach V Duke Bavaria (age 38) died.

On 16 Nov 1397 Cardinal Philippe Valois (age 58) died.

On 16 Nov 1488 John Savage (age 44) was appointed 237th Knight of the Garter by King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 31).

PAINTINGS/MEYNART/Henry_VII_of_England_Society_of_Antiquaries.jpg PAINTINGS/UNKNOWN/Henry_VII.jpg PAINTINGS/LEEMPUT/Henry_VIII.jpg

Thomas Becket Shrine destroyed

On 16 Nov 1538 Henry VIII (age 47) attacked Thomas of Becket's reputation, removing his canonisation at the same time.

Henry enacted legislation as follows:

ITEM, for as moche as it appereth now clerely, that Thomas Becket, sometyme Archbyshop of Canterburie, stubburnly to withstand the holsome lawes establyshed agaynste the enormities of the clergie, by the kynges highness mooste noble progenitour, kynge HENRY the Seconde, for the common welthe, reste, and tranquillitie of this realme, of his frowarde mynde fledde the realme into Fraunce, and to the bishop of Rome, mayntenour of those enormities, to procure the abrogation of the sayd lawes, whereby arose moch trouble in this said realme, and that his dethe, which they untruely called martyrdome, happened upon a reskewe by him made, and that, as it is written, he gave opprobrious wordes to the gentyllmen, whiche than counsayled hym to leave his stubbernesse, and to avoyde the commocion of the people, rysen up for that rescue. And he not only callyd the one of them bawde, but also toke Tracy by the bosome, and violently shoke and plucked hym in suche maner, that he had almoste overthrowen hym to the pavement of the Churche; so that upon this fray one of their company, perceivynge the same, strake hym, and so in the thronge Becket was slayne. And further that his canonization was made onely by the bysshop of Rome, bycause he had ben a champion of maynteyne his usurped auctoritie, and a bearer of the iniquitie of the clergie, for these and for other great and urgent causes, longe to recyte, the Kynge's Maiestie, by the advyse of his counsayle, hath thought expedient to declare to his lovynge subjectes, that notwithstandynge the sayde canonization, there appereth nothynge in his lyfe and exteriour conversation, wherby he shuld be callyd a sainct, but rather estemed to have ben a rebell and traytour to his prynce. Therefore his Grace strayghtly chargeth and commandeth that from henseforth the sayde Thomas Becket shall not be estemed, named, reputed, nor called a sayncte, but bysshop Becket; and that his ymages and pictures, through the hole realme, shall be putte downe, and avoyded out of all churches, chapelles, and other places; and that from henseforthe, the dayes used to be festivall in his name shall not be observed, nor the service, office, antiphoners, colletes, and prayers, in his name redde, but rased and put out of all the bokes.


On 16 Nov 1585 Gerald "Wizard Earl" Fitzgerald 11th Earl of Kildare (age 60) died. His son Henry Fitzgerald 12th Earl of Kildare (age 23) succeeded 12th Earl Kildare.

On 16 Nov 1601 Charles Neville 6th Earl of Westmoreland (age 59) died at Nieuwpoort penniless and largely forgotten. He had been attainted in 1571 hence his title Earl of Westmoreland 1C 1397 was forfeit. Raby Castle [Map] was taken into Royal custody.


On 16 Nov 1671 Philip Bourbon I Duke Orléans (age 31) and Elizabeth Charlotte Palatinate Simmern Duchess Orléans (age 19) were married. She by marriage Duchess Orléans. He the son of Louis XIII King France and Anne of Austria Spain Queen Consort France. She a great granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 16 Nov 1684 Allen Bathurst 1st Earl Bathurst was born to Benjamin Bathurst (age 45) and Frances Apsley (age 29).

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Nov 1697. The King's (age 47) entry very pompous; but is nothing approaching that of King Charles II


On 16 Nov 1727 Arthur Annesley 4th Baron Altham (age 38) died. His brother Richard Annesley 6th Earl Anglesey (age 34) succeeded 5th Baron Altham 1C 1681.

On 16 Nov 1739 Henry Grey 3rd Earl Stamford (age 54) died. On 16 Nov 1739 His son Henry Grey 4th Earl Stamford (age 24) succeeded 4th Earl Stamford, 5th Baron Grey of Groby 1603. Mary Booth Countess Stamford (age 35) by marriage Countess Stamford.

PAINTINGS/MURRAY/Mary_Booth.jpg PAINTINGS/DAHL/George_Booth2.jpg PAINTINGS/DAHL/Mary_Booth.jpg PAINTINGS/DAHL/Mary_Booth2.jpg

On 16 Nov 1745 James Butler 2nd Duke Ormonde (age 80) died. His coffin-plate says 05 Nov 1645. He was buried in the Duke of Ormonde, Vault Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey. His brother Charles Butler 3rd Duke Ormond (age 74) de jure 3rd Duke Ormonde (he didn't claim the title since his brother the second duke had been attainted for supporting the Jacobite rebellion), 3rd Marquess Ormonde 1C 1642, 14th Earl Ormonde, 7th Earl Ossory.

On 16 Nov 1754 William "The Elder" Pitt 1st Earl Chatham (age 46) and Hester Granville Countess Chatham (age 34) were married.

PAINTINGS/RICHARDSON/Nathaniel_Curzon.jpg PAINTINGS/SOLDI/Mary_Assheton.jpg

On 16 Nov 1762 John Boyle 5th Earl Cork (age 55) died. His son Hamilton Boyle 6th Earl Cork (age 32) succeeded 6th Earl Cork.

On 16 Nov 1769 Henry Paget 2nd Earl Uxbridge (age 50) died. Earl Uxbridge 1C 1714 extinct.

On 16 Nov 1782 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound 2nd Earl Minto was born to Gilbert Elliot 1st Earl Minto (age 31) and Anna-Maria Amyand Countess Minto (age 30).

On 16 Nov 1784 John Dalrymple 7th Earl of Stair was born to William Dalrymple (age 48).

On 16 Nov 1784 George Henry Fitzroy 4th Duke Grafton (age 24) and Charlotte Maria Waldegrave (age 23) were married at Navestock. She the daughter of James Waldegrave 2nd Earl Waldegrave and Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh (age 48). He the son of Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton (age 49) and Anne Liddell Duchess Grafton (age 47). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.


On 16 Nov 1797 Frederick William II King Prussia (age 53) died. His son Frederick William II King Prussia (age 27) succeeded II King Prussia.

On 16 Nov 1800 Richard White 2nd Earl Bantry was born to Richard White 1st Earl Bantry (age 33) and Margaret Anne Hare Countess Bantry at St Finbar, County Cork.

On 16 Nov 1805 John Ponsonby 4th Earl Bessborough (age 24) and Maria Fane (age 18) were married at Berkeley Square, Mayfair. She the daughter of John Fane 10th Earl of Westmoreland (age 46) and Sarah Anne Child Countess of Westmoreland. He the son of Frederick Ponsonby 3rd Earl Bessborough (age 47) and Henrietta Frances Spencer Countess Bessborough (age 44).

On 16 Nov 1808 Walter Kerr Hamilton Bishop of Salisbury was born to Anthony Hamilton Archdeacon (age 30).

In Apr 1813 Fanny Mary ffolkes (age 36) died.

On 06 Mar 1869 Fanny Anna West (age 43) died.

On 16 Nov 1867 William John Browne ffolkes Cricketer (age 47) died.

Memorials in Church of St Mary Hillington [Map].

Fanny Mary ffolkes: In Apr 1777 she was born to Martin ffolkes 1st Baronet (age 27) and Fanny Turner. On 28 May 1802 Gilbert Hervey West (age 21) and Fanny Mary ffolkes (age 25) were married.

Fanny Anna West: In 1826 she was born to Edward West Chief Justice of Bombay and Lucretia Georgiana ffolkes at Bombay. Before 06 Mar 1869 Lieutenant Colonel Robert Gregory Wale (age 48) and Fanny Anna West (age 43) were married.

William John Browne ffolkes Cricketer: On 13 Jan 1820 he was born to William Browne ffolkes 2nd Baronet (age 33) and Charlotte Philippa Browne (age 21).

On 16 Nov 1814 John Stuart 1st Marquess Bute (age 70) died. His grandson John Crichton-Stuart 2nd Marquess Bute (age 21) succeeded 2nd Marquess Bute, 5th Earl Bute, 2nd Earl Windsor.

On 16 Nov 1827 James Carnegie 9th Earl Southesk was born to James Carnegie 5th Baronet (age 28).

On 16 Nov 1870 Edward Harris 4th Earl Malmesbury (age 28) and Sylvia Georgina Stewart Countess of Malmesbury were married.

On 16 Nov 2013 Robin Plunket 8th Baron Plunket (age 87) died. His nephew Tyrone Shaun Plunket 9th Baron Plunket (age 47) succeeded 9th Baron Plunket of Newtown in County Cork.