On this Day in History ... 19th January

19 Jan is in January.

1236 Wedding of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence

1419 Surrender of Rouen

1547 Execution of Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey

1661 Execution of the Fifth Monarchists

1671 Raid on Panama

1715 Battle of Preston

1729 Exchange of the Princesses

1770 Battle of Golden Hill

1862 Battle of Mill Springs

1883 First Electric Lighting

1915 Bombing of Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn

1917 Silvertown Explosion

Events on the 19th January

On 19 Jan 914 García I King Leon (age 43) died. His brother Ordoño II King Galicia II King Leon (age 41) succeeded II King Leon.

Chronica Majora. 14 Jan 1236. Anno Domini 1236, which was the twentieth year of the reign of King Henry the Third, he held his court at Winchester at Christmas, where he observed that festival with rejoicings. He was at this time anxiously looking for the return of the special messengers, whom he had sent into Provence to Raymond (age 38), count of that province, with letters containing his own inmost thoughts about contracting a marriage with his daughter Eleanor (age 13). This said count was a man of illustrious race and brave in battle, but, by continual wars, he had wasted almost all the money he possessed. He had married the daughter (age 38) of Thomas, the late count of Savoy, and sister of the present count, Amadeus (age 39), a woman of remarkable beauty, by name Beatrice (age 38). This lady had issue by the aforesaid count, two daughters of great beauty, the elder of whom, named Margaret (age 15), was married to Louis (age 21), the French king, as we are told by a clerk named John de Gates; and the king of England had now, by the aforesaid messengers, demanded the younger one, a young lady of handsome appearance, in marriage. In order to obtain this favour, he had secretly sent Richard, prior of Hurle, in advance, who faithfully and with diligence brought the matter to a conclusion. On the prior's returning and telling the king the result, the latter sent him back to the count with some other messengers, namely, the bishops Hugh of Ely, and Robert of Hereford, and the brother of Robert de SANFORD, the master of the Knights Templars. These messengers were received by the count on their arrival in Provence with the greatest honour and respect, and from his hands received his daughter Eleanor, for the purpose of being united to the King of England; she was also attended by her uncle, William, bishop elect of Valentia; a man of distinction, and by the count of Champagne, a relation of the English king. The king of Navarre, on learning that they would travel through his territories, went joyfully to meet them, and accompanied them as a guide through his dominions during a journey of five days and more; he also, from his natural generosity, paid all their expenses, both for horses and attendants. Their retinue consisted of more than three hundred horsemen, not including the people who followed them in great numbers. On reaching the boundaries of France, they obtained not only a safe but honourable passage through that country, under conduct of the French king (age 21) and his queen (age 15), the sister of the lady about to be married to the English king, and also of Blanche (age 47), the French king's mother. They embarked at the port of Sandwich [Note. Should be Wissant], and with full sail made for Dover, Kent [Map], where they arrived, after a quick passage, before they were expected. Having thus safely landed, they set out for Canterbury, Kent [Map], and were met by the king, who rushed into the arms of the messengers, and, having seen the lady and received possession of her, he married her at Canterbury; the ceremony being performed on the fourteenth of January, by Edmund, archbishop (age 61) of that place, assisted by the bishops, who had come with the lady, in the presence of the other nobles and prelates of the kingdom. On the 19th of January the king went to Westminster, where an extra-ordinary solemnity took place on the following day, which was Sunday, at which the king wore his crown and Eleanor was crowned queen. Thus was Henry the Third married at Canterbury, and the nuptials were celebrated in London, at Westminster, on the feast of St. Fabian and St. Sebastian.

Chronica Majora. 19 Jan 1236. There were assembled at the king's (age 28) nuptial festivities such a host of nobles of both sexes, such numbers of religious men, such crowds of the populace, and such a variety of actors, that London, with its capacious bosom, could scarcely contain them. The whole city was ornamented with flags and banners, chaplets and hangings, candles and lamps, and with wonderful devices and extraordinary representations, and all the roads were cleansed from mud and dirt, sticks, and everything offensive. The citizens, too, went out to meet the king (age 28) and queen (age 13), dressed out in their ornaments, and vied with each other in trying the speed of their horses. On the same day, when they left the city for Westminster, to perform the duties of butler to the king (which office belonged to them by right of old, at the coronation), they proceeded thither dressed in silk garments, with mantles worked in gold, and with costly changes of raiment, mounted on valuable horses, glittering with new bits and saddles, and riding in troops arranged in order. They carried with them three hundred and sixty gold and silver cups, preceded by the king's trumpeters and with horns sounding, so that such a wonderful novelty struck all who beheld it with astonishment. The archbishop of Canterbury (age 61), by the right especially belonging to him, performed the duty of crowning, with the usual solemnities, the bishop of London assisting him as a dean, the other bishops taking their stations according to their rank. In the same way all the abbats, at the head of whom, as was his right, was the abbat of St. Alban's (for as the Protomartyr of England, B. Alban, was the chief of all the martyrs of England, so also was his abbat the chief of all the abbats in rank and dignity), as the authentic privileges of that church set forth. The nobles, too, performed the duties, which, by ancient right and custom, pertained to them at the coronations of kings. In like manner some of the inhabitants of certain cities discharged certain duties which belonged to them by right of their ancestors. The earl of Chester (age 29) carried the sword of St. Edward, which was called "Curtein", before the king, as a sign that he was earl of the palace, and had by right the power of restraining the king if he should commit an error. The earl was attended by the constable of Chester (age 44), and kept the people away with a wand when they pressed forward in a disorderly way. The grand marshal of England, the earl of Pembroke (age 39), carried a wand before the king and cleared the way before him both, in the church and in the banquet-hall, and arranged the banquet and the guests at table. The Wardens of the Cinque Ports carried the pall over the king, supported by four spears, but the claim to this duty was not altogether undisputed. The earl of Leicester (age 28) supplied the king with water in basins to wash before his meal; the Earl Warrenne performed the duty of king's Cupbearer, supplying the place of the earl of Arundel, because the latter was a youth and not as yet made a belted knight. Master Michael Belet was butler ex officio; the earl of Hereford (age 32) performed the duties of marshal of the king's household, and William Beauchamp (age 51) held the station of almoner. The justiciary of the forests arranged the drinking cups on the table at the king's right hand, although he met with some opposition, which however fell to the ground. The citizens of London passed the wine about in all directions, in costly cups, and those of Winchester superintended the cooking of the feast; the rest, according to the ancient statutes, filled their separate stations, or made their claims to do so. And in order that the nuptial festivities might not be clouded by any disputes, saving the right of any one, many things were put up with for the time which they left for decision at a more favourable opportunity. The office of chancellor of England, and all the offices connected with the king, are ordained and assized in the Exchequer. Therefore the chancellor, the chamberlain, the marshal, and the constable, by right of their office, took their seats there, as also did the barons, according to the date of their creation, in the city of London, whereby they each knew his own place. The ceremony was splendid, with the gay dresses of the clergy and knights who were present. The abbat of Westminster sprinkled the holy water, and the treasurer, acting the part of sub-dean, carried the Paten. Why should I describe all those persons who reverently ministered in the church to God as was their duty? Why describe the abundance of meats and dishes on the table & the quantity of venison, the variety of fish, the joyous sounds of the glee-men, and the gaiety of the waiters? Whatever the world could afford to create pleasure and magnificence was there brought together from every quarter.

On 19 Jan 1419 Rouen, France [Map] surrendered to King Henry V of England (age 32) after a sirge of six months.

Alain Blanchard, who had hanged English prisoners from the walls, was summarily executed.

On 19 Jan 1547 Henry Howard (age 31) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham [Map]. He had foolishly added the arms of Edward the Confessor to his own arms. He was charged with treasonably quartering the royal arms. His father survived sentence since the King died the day before it was due to take place.

The History of England under Henry VIII 1546. 19 Jan 1547. Whereupon also judgment of death was given, and he beheaded at Tower-Hill. And thus ended the earl [Henry Howard (age 31)]; a man learned, and of an excellent wit, as his compositions shew.

On 19 Jan 1636 Marcus Gheeraerts (age 74) died.

On 19 Jan 1661 Thomas Venner was hanged, drawn and quartered for his leading Venner's Uprising aka the Fifth Monarchists.

Pepy's Diary. 19 Jan 1661. To the Comptroller's (age 50), and with him by coach to White Hall; in our way meeting Venner and Pritchard upon a sledge, who with two more Fifth Monarchy men were hanged to-day, and the two first drawn and quartered.

On 19 Jan 1671 Captain Henry Morgan Privateer (age 35) routed a superior Spanish force and captured Old Panama City.

After 19 Jan 1686. Church of St Michael and All Angels, Edenham [Map]. Monument to Richard Bertie (deceased). Large swagged and scrolled cartouche surmounted by an urn and cornucupia and bearing two scrolled inscription panels, a shield of arms with palms supported by two putti.[Source: BLB].

Richard Bertie: Around 1635 he was born to Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey and Martha Cockayne Countess Lindsey and Holderness. In 1685 Richard Bertie was elected MP Woodstock. On 19 Jan 1686 Richard Bertie died.

The 1715 Battle of Preston was the final action of the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion. It commenced on 09 Nov 1715 when Jacobite cavalry entered Preston [Map]. Royalist troops arrived in number over the next few days surrounding Preston forcing the Jaocbite surrender. 1463 were taken prisoner of which 463 were English. The Scottish prisoners included:

George Seton 5th Earl of Winton (age 37). The only prisoner to plead not guilty, sentenced to death, escaped from the Tower of London [Map] on 04 Aug 1716 around nine in the evening. Travelled to France then to Rome.

On 24 Feb 1716 William Gordon 6th Viscount Kenmure was beheaded on Tower Hill [Map].

On 09 Feb 1716 William Maxwell 5th Earl Nithsale was sentenced to be executed on 24 Feb 1716. The night before his wife (age 35) effected his escape from the Tower of London [Map] by exchanging his clothes with those of her maid. They travelled to Paris then to Rome where the court of James "Old Pretender" Stewart (age 26) was.

James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 25) was imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map]. He was examined by the Privy Council on 10 Jan 1716 and impeached on 19 Jan 1716. He pleaded guilty in the expectation of clemency. He was attainted and condemned to death. Attempts were made to procure his pardon. His wife Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater (age 23), her sister Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave (age 20) [Note. Assumed to be her sister Mary], their aunt Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond (age 44), Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland appealed to King George I of Great Britain and Ireland (age 54) in person without success.

On 24 Feb 1716 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 25) was beheaded on Tower Hill [Map]. Earl Derwentwater, Baronet Radclyffe of Derwentwater in Cumberland forfeit.

William Murray 2nd Lord Nairne was tried on 09 Feb 1716 for treason, found guilty, attainted, and condemned to death. He survived long enough to benefit from the Indemnity Act of 1717.

General Thomas Forster of Adderstone (age 31) was attainted. He was imprisoned at Newgate Prison, London [Map] but escaped to France.

On 14 May 1716 Henry Oxburgh was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn [Map]. He was buried at Church of St Gile's in the Fields. His head was spiked on Temple Bar.

The trials and sentences were overseen by the Lord High Steward William Cowper 1st Earl Cowper (age 50) for which he subsequently received his Earldom.

On 19 Jan 1729 a double wedding was conducted between two sets of brothers and sisters ....

Joseph I King Portugal (age 14) and Infante Mariana Victoria of Spain (age 10) were married. She the daughter of Philippe V King Spain (age 45) and Elisabeth Farnese Queen Consort Spain (age 36). He the son of John V King Portugal (age 39).

Ferdinand VI King Spain (age 15) and Barbara Queen Consort Spain (age 17) were married. She the daughter of John V King Portugal (age 39). He the son of Philippe V King Spain (age 45) and Maria Luisa Savoy. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 19 Jan 1757 Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha was born to Heinrich XXIV Count Reuss of Ebersdorf (age 32) and Karoline Ernestine of Erbach Schonberg (age 29).

On 19 Jan 1770 the Battle of Golden Hill was fought between British soldiers and the Sons of Liberty of New York City; one of the incidents that precipitated the American War of Independence. Several people were wounded in the event, no one was killed.

On 19 Jan 1820 Electress Wilhelmina Caroline Oldenburg (age 72) died.

After 19 Jan 1852. Monument to Mary Cantrell (deceased) at St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map].

Mary Cantrell: On 06 Sep 1800 she was born to Thomas Cantrell. On 19 Jan 1852 she died.

On 19 Jan 1862 the Battle of Mill Springs aka the Battle of Fishing Creek, the Battle of Logan's Cross Roads, the Battle of Somerset, was a victory for the Union fought near current Nancy, Kentucky during the American Civil War. Casualties were relatively light. Union losses were 39 killed and 207 wounded, Confederate 125 killed and 404 wounded or missing.

On 19 Jan 1883 the first standardized incandescent electric lighting system employing overhead wires began service in Roselle, New Jersey. It had been built by Thomas Edison to demonstrate that an entire community could be illuminated by electricity.

On 19 Jan 1908 Roberto Bompiani (age 86) died.

On the morning of 19 Jan 1915 two German Zeppelin airships, the L3 and L4, took off from Fuhlsbüttel in Hamburg, Germany, on the first Zeppelin raid over England. The airships had been heading for the Humber, but bad weather led them to reroute and discharge their bombs over Norfolk. Sheringham was hit by two bombs from a Zeppelin raid at 20:30 GMT on 18 January 1915, making it the first place in Britain to be attacked by Zeppelins. No one was killed. At St Peter's Plain, Great Yarmouth, the bombing's two fatalities were killed instantly. Samuel Smith, a 53-year-old shoemaker, was the first British civilian to be killed by aerial bombardment. He was said to be standing in the road when the bomb dropped. Martha Taylor, 72, lived at 22 St Peter’s Plain, and was next to be killed in the attack. At King's Lynn bombs were killed Alice Gazeley, 26 – widowed just 3 months earlier after her husband had been killed on the Western Front – and Percy Goate, aged 14. A further 13 people were injured, as further bombs went on to destroy densely-packed terraced houses and damage the town’s docks.

On 19 Jan 1917 the Silvertown Explosion was an explosion at a munitions factory that killed seventy-three people and injured four hundredn more.

Births on the 19th January

On 19 Jan 1590 Francis Knightley was born to Richard Knightley (age 57) and Elizabeth Seymour (age 38).

On 19 Jan 1655 John The Younger Evelyn was born to John Evelyn (age 34) and Mary Browne (age 20).

On 19 Jan 1728 Bishop Frederick Keppel was born to William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle (age 25) and Anne Lennox Countess Albermarle (age 24). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 19 Jan 1757 Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha was born to Heinrich XXIV Count Reuss of Ebersdorf (age 32) and Karoline Ernestine of Erbach Schonberg (age 29).

On 19 Jan 1773 Juliane Hesse-Kassel was born to Charles Hesse-Kassel (age 28) and Louise Oldenburg (age 22). She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.89%.

On 19 Jan 1780 Anne Fane was born to Henry Fane of Fulbeck (age 40) and Anne Buckley Batson (age 22).

On 19 Jan 1782 William Harris 2nd Baron Harris was born to George Harris (age 35) and Anne Carteret Dickson.

On 19 Jan 1785 Prince Paul Heinrich Württemberg was born to King Frederick Wilhelm Karl Württemberg (age 30) and Augusta Caroline Brunswick Bevern (age 20). He a great x 2 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 19 Jan 1800 Sarah Bown was born to Thomas Bown of Huntingdon House in Matlock.

On 19 Jan 1831 John Lambart Broughton was born.

On 19 Jan 1849 Joseph Cockfield Dimsdale 1st Baronet was born.

After 19 Jan 1849 Mary Cecil Augusta Bisshopp was born to Cecil Augutus Bisshopp 10th Baronet (deceased) and Mary Ann Hillyar posthumously.

On 19 Jan 1850 Augustine Birrell was born to Reverend Charles Mitchell Birrell (age 39) and Harriet Jane Grey (age 39).

On 19 Jan 1855 Rowland Allanson-Winn 5th Baron Headley was born to Rowland Allanson-Winn (age 38).

On 19 Jan 1865 Guy Wyndham was born to Percy Scawen Wyndham (age 29) and Madeline Caroline Frances Eden Campbell.

On 19 Jan 1876 Berkeley Digby George Sheffield 6th Baronet was born to Robert Sheffield 5th Baronet (age 51) and Priscilla Isabella Laura Dumaresq.

On 19 Jan 1895 Christabel Florence Arthur Startin was born.

On 19 Jan 1902 Eustace Gervais Tennyson d'Eyncourt 2nd Baronet was born.

On 19 Jan 1912 David Charteris 12th Earl Wemyss was born to Hugo Francis Charteris (age 28) and Violet Catherine Manners (age 23) at Belgravia.

On 19 Jan 1924 Henry Herbert 7th Earl of Carnarvon was born to Henry Herbert 6th Earl Carnarvon (age 25) and Anne Catherine Tredick Wendell Countess Carnarvon (age 23).

On 19 Jan 1937 Birgitta Bernadotte was born to Gustaf Adolf Bernadotte (age 30) and Sibylla Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 29). She a great x 2 granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.85%.

Marriages on the 19th January

On 19 Jan 1465 William VIII Marquis of Montferrat (age 44) and Marie Foix Marquis Montferrat (age 13) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Montferrat. The difference in their ages was 31 years. She the daughter of Gaston IV Count Foix (age 42) and Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Navarre (age 38). They were third cousin once removed.

On 19 Jan 1511 John Stewart 3rd Earl Lennox (age 21) and Isabel or Elizabeth Stewart Countess Lennox (age 16) were married. She by marriage Countess Lennox. She the daughter of John Stewart 1st Earl Atholl (age 71) and Eleanor Sinclair Countess Atholl (age 54). He the son of Matthew Stewart 2nd Earl Lennox and Elizabeth Hamilton Countess Lennox (age 36). They were half first cousin twice removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 19 Jan 1539 Edward Fitton (age 11) and Anne Warburton (age 11) were married. They had nine sons and six daughters during their thrity-four year marriage.

On 19 Jan 1550 Thomas Kempe (age 36) and Anne Moyle (age 29) were married.

Before 19 Jan 1561 Edward Carne (age 61) and Jane Brydges were married.

After 19 Jan 1599 Edward Waldegrave (age 33) and Sarah Higham (age 39) were married.

On 19 Jan 1675 Thomas Strangeways (age 32) and Susan Ridout (age 15) were married.

On 19 Jan 1688 William Davenport (age 24) and Margaret Warren were married at Stockport [Map].

On 19 Jan 1729 a double wedding was conducted between two sets of brothers and sisters ....

Joseph I King Portugal (age 14) and Infante Mariana Victoria of Spain (age 10) were married. She the daughter of Philippe V King Spain (age 45) and Elisabeth Farnese Queen Consort Spain (age 36). He the son of John V King Portugal (age 39).

Ferdinand VI King Spain (age 15) and Barbara Queen Consort Spain (age 17) were married. She the daughter of John V King Portugal (age 39). He the son of Philippe V King Spain (age 45) and Maria Luisa Savoy. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.

On 19 Jan 1774 William Coates (age 29) and Diana Rochfort Lady D'Oyly (age 19) were married in Calcutta, India. At the time of his marriage he was a Factor in the East India Company Service.

On 19 Jan 1797 William Forbes 7th Baronet (age 23) and Williamina Stuart were married.

On 19 Jan 1815 James Balfour (age 40) and Eleanor Maitland (age 24) were married. She the daughter of James Maitland 8th Earl Lauderdale (age 55) and Eleanor Todd Countess Lauderdale (age 53).

On 19 Jan 1818 Count Alessandro Guiccioli (age 68) and Teresa Countess Guiccioli (age 18) were married. His third wife. The difference in their ages was 50 years.

On 19 Jan 1829 Patrick Bellew 1st Baron Bellew (age 30) and Anna Fermina de Mendoza Baroness bellew were married.

On 19 Jan 1841 Henry Hanbury-Tracy (age 38) and Rosamond Anne Myrtle Shirley (age 22) were married.

Before 19 Jan 1850 Reverend Charles Mitchell Birrell (age 39) and Harriet Jane Grey (age 39) were married.

On 19 Jan 1867 William Jolliffe 1st Baron Hylton (age 66) and Sophia Penelope Sheffield Countess Ilchester (age 25) were married. She by marriage Baroness Hylton of Hylton in County Durham. The difference in their ages was 41 years.

On 19 Jan 1886 David Ogilvy 11th Earl of Airlie (age 29) and Mabell Gore Countess Airlie (age 19) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. She the daughter of Arthur Saunders Gore 5th Earl Arran (age 47) and Edith Jocelyn Countess Arran.

On 19 Jan 1886 John Vesey Nugent (age 48) and Emily Georgiana Langham were married.

On 19 Jan 1893 James Percy Miller 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Eveline Mary Curzon (age 28) were married. There was no issue from the marriage.

On 19 Jan 1897 Thomas William Craster of Craster Tower (age 36) and Hilda Osborn (age 29) were married.

On 19 Jan 1914 Henry Arthur Mornington Wellesley 3rd Earl Cowley (age 48) and Clare Florence Mary Stapleton Countess Cowley (age 35) were married. She by marriage Countess Cowley. He the son of William Henry Wellesley 2nd Earl Cowley and Emily Gwendoline Williams Countess Cowley (age 74).

On 19 Jan 1924 Major Oscar Montague Guest (age 35) and Kathleen Susan Paterson were married.

Deaths on the 19th January

On 19 Jan 914 García I King Leon (age 43) died. His brother Ordoño II King Galicia II King Leon (age 41) succeeded II King Leon.

On 19 Jan 1324 Robert Auvergne III (age 69) died.

On 19 Jan 1383 Nicholas Haudlo Burnell 1st Baron Burnell (age 57) died at Shrewsbury, Shropshire [Map]. His son Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baron Burnell 2C. Philippa Pole Baroness Burnell (age 27) by marriage Baroness Burnell 2C.

On 19 Jan 1402 Bonne Bourbon (age 61) died.

On 19 Jan 1464 John IV Marquis of Montferrat (age 50) died without legitimate issue. His brother William VIII Marquis of Montferrat (age 43) succeeded VIII Marquis Montferrat.

On 19 Jan 1488 Margaret Culpepper (age 58) died at Bobbing, Kent.

On 19 Jan 1518 Bridget Drury died.

On 19 Jan 1547 Henry Howard (age 31) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. He was buried at Church of St Michael the Archangel, Framlingham [Map]. He had foolishly added the arms of Edward the Confessor to his own arms. He was charged with treasonably quartering the royal arms. His father survived sentence since the King died the day before it was due to take place.

On 19 Jan 1556 William Hussey (age 63) died.

On 19 Jan 1561 Edward Carne (age 61) died.

On 19 Jan 1587 Friedrich Wettin died at Weimar.

On 19 Jan 1589 John Radclyffe of Ordsall Hall (age 53) died at Ordsall Hall [Map]. On 11 Feb 1589 he was buried in Manchester Church [Map].

On 19 Jan 1598 Henry Duke of Brunswick-Dannenberg (age 65) died.

On 19 Jan 1599 Richard Bingham (age 71) died.

On 19 Jan 1601 Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 63) died. His son William Herbert 3rd Earl Pembroke (age 20) succeeded 3rd Earl Pembroke.

Between 19 Jan 1602 and 21 Apr 1602 Rauffe died.

On 19 Jan 1607 Anne Morgan Baroness Hunsdon (age 78) died.

On 19 Jan 1620 Laurence Smith of Hatherton in Cheshire (age 50) died.

On 19 Jan 1626 Edward Wotton 1st Baron Wotton (age 78) died. His son Thomas Wotton 2nd Baron Wotton (age 39) succeeded 2nd Baron Wotton.

On 19 Jan 1632 William Kniveton 1st Baronet (age 72) died. His son Gilbert Kniveton 2nd Baronet (age 50) succeeded 2nd Baronet Kniveton of Mercaston in Derbyshire.

On 19 Jan 1636 Marcus Gheeraerts (age 74) died.

On 19 Jan 1637 Robert Lee (age 64) died.

On 19 Jan 1644 Radcliffe Assheton (age 62) died.

On 19 Jan 1654 Sarah Russell (age 39) died.

On 19 Jan 1654 Amphilis Twigden (age 45) died at Tring, Hertfordshire [Map].

On or before 19 Jan 1655 Philippa Hobart (age 19) died. She was buried on 19 Jan 1655.

On 19 Jan 1661 Edmund Anderson 1st Baronet (age 55) died. His son John Anderson 2nd Baronet (age 32) succeeded 2nd Baronet Anderson of Broughton in Lincolnshire.

On 19 Jan 1661 Thomas Venner was hanged, drawn and quartered for his leading Venner's Uprising aka the Fifth Monarchists.

Before 19 Jan 1665 Thomas Pepys (age 43) died at Impington. His will was probated on 04 Feb 1665.

On 19 Jan 1686 Richard Bertie (age 51) died.

On 19 Jan 1687 Frances Lamplugh died. She was buried at St Michael's Church, Lamplugh [Map].

On 19 Jan 1707 Stephen Anderson 1st Baronet (age 63) died. His son Stephen Anderson 2nd Baronet (age 28) succeeded 2nd Baronet Anderson of Eyeworth in Bedfordshire. Anne Lumley Lady Anderson (age 22) by marriage Lady Anderson of Eyeworth in Bedfordshire.

The 1715 Battle of Preston was the final action of the 1715 Jacobite Rebellion. It commenced on 09 Nov 1715 when Jacobite cavalry entered Preston [Map]. Royalist troops arrived in number over the next few days surrounding Preston forcing the Jaocbite surrender. 1463 were taken prisoner of which 463 were English. The Scottish prisoners included:

George Seton 5th Earl of Winton (age 37). The only prisoner to plead not guilty, sentenced to death, escaped from the Tower of London [Map] on 04 Aug 1716 around nine in the evening. Travelled to France then to Rome.

On 24 Feb 1716 William Gordon 6th Viscount Kenmure was beheaded on Tower Hill [Map].

On 09 Feb 1716 William Maxwell 5th Earl Nithsale was sentenced to be executed on 24 Feb 1716. The night before his wife (age 35) effected his escape from the Tower of London [Map] by exchanging his clothes with those of her maid. They travelled to Paris then to Rome where the court of James "Old Pretender" Stewart (age 26) was.

James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 25) was imprisoned in the Tower of London [Map]. He was examined by the Privy Council on 10 Jan 1716 and impeached on 19 Jan 1716. He pleaded guilty in the expectation of clemency. He was attainted and condemned to death. Attempts were made to procure his pardon. His wife Anna Maria Webb Countess Derwentwater (age 23), her sister Mary Webb Countess Waldegrave (age 20) [Note. Assumed to be her sister Mary], their aunt Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond (age 44), Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland appealed to King George I of Great Britain and Ireland (age 54) in person without success.

On 24 Feb 1716 James Radclyffe 3rd Earl Derwentwater (age 25) was beheaded on Tower Hill [Map]. Earl Derwentwater, Baronet Radclyffe of Derwentwater in Cumberland forfeit.

William Murray 2nd Lord Nairne was tried on 09 Feb 1716 for treason, found guilty, attainted, and condemned to death. He survived long enough to benefit from the Indemnity Act of 1717.

General Thomas Forster of Adderstone (age 31) was attainted. He was imprisoned at Newgate Prison, London [Map] but escaped to France.

On 14 May 1716 Henry Oxburgh was hanged, drawn and quartered at Tyburn [Map]. He was buried at Church of St Gile's in the Fields. His head was spiked on Temple Bar.

The trials and sentences were overseen by the Lord High Steward William Cowper 1st Earl Cowper (age 50) for which he subsequently received his Earldom.

On 19 Jan 1720 Eleonore Magdalene of Neuburg (age 65) died.

On 19 Jan 1729 William Congreve (age 58) died.

On 19 Jan 1737. Or 1736. Sarah Ponsonby died.

On 19 Jan 1745 Anne O'Brien (age 21) died in childbirth. She was buried at St Canice's Cathedral, Kilkenny, County Kilkenny.

On 19 Jan 1747 Lucy Fortescue (age 29) died.

On 19 Jan 1749 Apollonia Throckmorton (age 45) died.

On 19 Jan 1760 Jane Cornwallis (age 57) died at her house in Upper Brook Street.

On 19 Jan 1761 Charlotte Aglaé Bourbon (age 60) died.

On 19 Jan 1761 Henry William Berkeley Portman (age 51) died.

On 19 Jan 1766 Margaretta Fitzgerald died.

On 19 Jan 1766 Wilmot Vaughan 3rd Viscount Lisburne died. His son Wilmot Vaughan 1st Earl Lisburne (age 38) succeeded 3rd Viscount Lisburne and 3rd Baron Fethard of Feathered in Tipperary. Dorothy Shafto Countess Lisburne (age 33) by marriage Viscountess Lisburne.

After 19 Jan 1797 William Ashburnham died.

On 19 Jan 1818 George Cooke-Yarborough (age 80) died.

On 19 Jan 1820 Electress Wilhelmina Caroline Oldenburg (age 72) died.

On 19 Jan 1821 Thomas Willing (age 89) died. He was buried at the Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia.

On 19 Jan 1823 Edward Berkeley Portman (age 51) died in Rome, Italy.

On 19 Jan 1837 Andrew Windsor 7th Earl (age 72) died unmarried. His brother Henry Windsor 8th Earl Plymouth (age 68) succeeded 8th Earl Plymouth.

On 19 Jan 1838 Anne Buckley Batson (age 80) died at Fulbeck Hall. She was buried at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck.

On 19 Jan 1841 George Stuart (age 60) died.

On 19 Jan 1842 John Dugdale Astley 1st Baronet (age 63) died. His son Francis Dugdale Astley 2nd Baronet (age 37) succeeded 2nd Baronet Astley of Everleigh in Wiltshire. Emma Dorothea Lethbridge Lady Astley by marriage Lady Astley of Everleigh in Wiltshire.

On 19 Jan 1844 Mary Anne Broadhead died.

On 19 Jan 1849 Cecil Augutus Bisshopp 10th Baronet (age 27) died at Malta where he was buried. His brother Captain George Bisshopp 11th Baronet (age 25) succeeded 11th Baronet Bisshopp of Parham in Sussex.

Before 19 Jan 1852 John Eames died.

On 19 Jan 1852 Mary Cantrell (age 51) died.

On 19 Jan 1854 Alfred Harley 6th Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer (age 45) died. Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer extinct. His estates passed to his sister Jane Elizabeth Harley Baroness Langdale and her husband Henry Bickersteth 1st Baron Langdale.

On 19 Jan 1856 William Strutt (age 17) died at Bonn.

On 19 Jan 1862 Friederike Oldenburg (age 81) died.

On 19 Jan 1863 Edward Sacheverell Chandos-Pole (age 70) died.

On 19 Jan 1863 Anna Maria Wilmot died.

On 19 Jan 1873 Baptist Wriothesley Noel (age 74) died.

On 19 Jan 1880 Arthur Trollope (age 69) died.

On 19 Jan 1881 Charlotte Grimstead (age 83) died.

On 19 Jan 1885 Georgiana Leveson-Gower died.

On 19 Jan 1889 Francis Heuffer (age 43) died.

On 17 Jan 1893 or 19 Jan 1893 Rowland Winn 1st Baron St Oswald (age 72) died. His son Rowland Winn 2nd Baron St Oswald (age 35) succeeded 2nd Baron St Oswald of Nostell in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Mabel Susan Forbes Baroness Winn by marriage Baroness St Oswald of Nostell in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

On 19 Jan 1896 Ernest Augustus Perceval (age 88) died.

On 19 Jan 1908 Roberto Bompiani (age 86) died.

On 19 Jan 1910 Grace Elizabeth Douglas Baroness Kensington (age 66) died. She was buried at St Brigets Church St Brides.

On 19 Jan 1920 George Drummond Ince Perceval (age 72) died.

On 19 Jan 1922 Evelyn Henrietta Gascoigne Lady Nugent died.

On 19 Jan 1922 Evelyn Kathleen Wellesley (age 48) died.

On 19 Jan 1936 Elena Mary Gordon (age 74) died.

On 19 Jan 1938 Alexandra Louisa Godolphin Osborne (age 65) died.