23 Jan is in January.
On 23 Jan 1002 Otto III King Italy III King Germany III Holy Roman Emperor (age 21) died.
On 23 Jan 1043 King Edward "Confessor" of England (age 40) and Edith of Wessex Queen Consort England (age 17) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort England. The difference in their ages was 23 years. She the daughter of Godwin Godwinson 1st Earl Kent and Wessex (age 42) and Gytha Estrigen Countess Kent and Wessex. He the son of King Æthelred "Unready" II of England and Emma aka Ælfgyfu of Normandy Queen Consort England (age 58).
On 23 Jan 1302 Ferdinand IV King Castile IV King Leon (age 16) and Constance Burgundy Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon (age 12) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Castile, Queen Consort Leon. She the daughter of Denis I King Portugal (age 40) and Elisabeth Barcelona Queen Consort Portugal (age 31). He the son of Sancho IV King Castile IV King Leon and Maria Molina Queen Consort Castile Queen Consort Leon. They were half first cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.
Before 23 Jan 1475 Joan Welles 9th Baroness Willoughby Eresby died.
King Edward IV of England (age 32) had father and son Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby 7th Baron Welles and Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles posthumously attainted some five years after the Welles' Rebellion to ensure Richard Hastings Baron Willoughby (age 42) would continue to enjoy the benefit of the Welles' estates; he was given a life interest in the estates on 23 Jan 1475. Another example of King Edward IV of England (age 32) being somewhat disingenuous with the legal system to his own advantage. He, Edward (age 32) was, in effect, disinheriting Christopher Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby (age 22) who should have inherited Baron Willoughby de Eresby and John Welles 1st Viscount Welles (age 25) who should have inherited Baron Welles following Joan's death.
Calendars. Be it remembered that on Friday, 23 January in the first year of the reign of King Richard the third (age 31) since the conquest, that is, on the first day of parliament, with the lord king sitting on the royal throne in the Painted Chamber [Map] within his palace of Westminster, then being present many lords spiritual and temporal, and the commons of the realm of England, assembled at the aforesaid parliament at the king's command, the venerable father John, Bishop of Lincoln, chancellor of England memorably declared and announced the reasons for summoning the aforesaid parliament, taking as his theme: 'In the body there are many limbs, but not all have the same function'. In which words he gravely and very astutely explained the fealty which subjects of the king (age 31) and the functions individual members owe to the principal member, asserting that there are three kinds of body, namely the natural, the aggregate and the politic, and going on to suggest that one coin, the tenth, had been lost from the most precious fabric of the body politic of England and that to hunt for it and find it would require the king and all the lords spiritual and temporal to be very assiduous and diligent during this parliament; concluding that after the finding of the tenth coin, which signifies perfection, our body politic of England would endure gloriously and for a long time, healthy, safe and free from all damage or injury; the king (age 31), the great men of the realm and the commons eternally cherishing peace outward and inward and the author of that peace. At the end of which declaration and announcement, the aforesaid chancellor in the king's (age 31) name firmly ordered the commons to assemble on the following day in their common house as usual and elect one of their number as their speaker, and to present the man thus elected to the same lord king. The same chancellor announced moreover that the said lord king, wishing justice to be done more swiftly both to denizens and aliens wishing to complain in the said parliament, had appointed and assigned certain receivers of the petitions to be presented in the same parliament in the following form ...
On 23 Jan 1484 Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 40) was subject to an attainder in the first Parliament of Richard III for her involvement. Whilst the Act was described as an Attainder Richard in effect transferred all of Margaret's property to her husband Thomas Stanley 1st Earl of Derby (age 49) as follows:
An act for the attainder of Margaret, countess of Richmond (age 40):
Because Margaret, countess of Richmond, mother of the king's great rebel and traitor, Henry, earl of Richmond, has lately conspired, leagued and committed high treason against our sovereign lord King Richard III in various ways, and in particular by sending messages, writings and tokens to the said Henry, urging, instigating and stirring him by them to come into this realm to make war upon our said sovereign lord; to which urging, instigation and stirring the said Henry applied himself, as experience has recently shown. Also, the said countess supplied great sums of money within the city of London as well as elsewhere in this realm to be employed in the execution of the said treason and malicious purpose; and the said countess also conspired, leagued and plotted the destruction of our said sovereign lord, and knew of and assented to, and assisted in the treason planned and committed by Henry, late Duke of Buckingham, and his supporters, for which he and some of his supporters have been attainted by an act in this present parliament. Nevertheless, our said sovereign lord, of his special grace, mindful of the good and faithful service which Thomas, Lord Stanley, has given and intends to give our said sovereign lord, and for the sincere love and trust which the king has in him, and for his sake, remits and will forbear the great punishment of attainting the said countess, which she or anyone else doing the same has deserved; and in consideration of the foregoing, our said sovereign lord wills that it be enacted, ordained and decreed, by the assent of the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons assembled in this present parliament, and by authority of the same, that the said countess henceforth shall be legally unable to have, inherit or enjoy any manors, lands or tenements, or other hereditaments or possessions whatsoever, and also henceforth shall be unable to bear or have any name of estate or dignity; and that the said countess shall forfeit to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs all the castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments and possessions, whatsoever they may be, of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised or possessed of estate of fee-simple, fee-tail, term of life, in dower or otherwise. And be it ordained by the said authority that all the said castles, manors, lordships, lands, tenements, rents, services, reversions and other hereditaments with the appurtenances of which the said countess, or anyone else to her use, is now seised of estate of fee-simple or fee-tail, shall remain to the said Thomas for term of his life, and after his death to our said sovereign lord the king and his heirs. And moreover, all the lordships, manors, lands, tenements, rents, services and reversions of which the said countess, or any other person to her use, is now seised of estate, term of her life or in dower, shall remain to the said Thomas during her life. And if the said Thomas dies during the lifetime of the said countess, they shall remain to the king; saving to every person and persons, except the said countess and her heirs, their right, title and interest in the said lands and tenements.
Letters. 23 Jan 1513. VENICE. [Copy of a letter received in February, 1512-13.] From Nicolo di Favri to Francesco Gradenigo, London, 23 Jan.-Description of English life and weather. Wrote on 10 Dec. that the camps were disarming. One was in Spain where the King of Spain failed to keep his promise of co-operation and the Spaniards shot at the English who went to eat grapes in a vineyard. Another, under the Lord Treasurer, was in Scotland, whose King made terms; and a third at sea. A French and an English ship were both burnt while fighting together, but whereas the French lost 200 gentlemen the English lost only the captain. Parliament (which met on All Saints Day), and continual resort of its members to the Ambassador's house. Great service done by the Ambassador. His straits for money. Frenchmen in England ill-treated. Taxation. The King and his affection for the Ambassador. News, just come, of four victories of the Spaniards over the French, and death of Mons. de la Palisse.
Note 2. [Note of letters received 1 March 1513.]From Andrea Badoer [, London], 23 Jan.-The King makes very great preparations against France, and the Council has decided that he may go in person. Every day he goes to hasten the Fleet and especially the great ship he is making. There is news that the Duke of Brunswick, captain of the Emperor and Madame Margaret, has been routed by the Duke of Guelders and lost two captains, one of whom, Mons. de Reselich, has been ransomed.
On 23 Jan 1544 William Fitzalan 18th Earl Arundel (age 68) died. He was buried at Arundel Castle [Map]. His son Henry Fitzalan 19th Earl Arundel (age 31) succeeded 19th Earl Arundel Sussex, 9th Baron Maltravers 1C 1330, 9th Baron Arundel 1C 1377. Mary Arundell Countess Arundel by marriage Countess Arundel Sussex.
On 23 Jan 1570 James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent (age 39) was assassinated at Linlithgow by James Hamilton of Bothwellhaugh, a supporter of Mary Queen of Scots (age 27). His daughter Elizabeth Stewart 2nd Countess Moray (age 4) succeeded 2nd Countess Moray. As he was passing in a cavalcade in the main street below, Hamilton fatally wounded him with a carbine shot from a window of his uncle Archbishop Hamilton's (age 57) house. He was the first head of government to be assassinated by a firearm.
On 23 Jan 1581 James "The Bonnie Earl" Stewart 2nd Earl Moray (age 16) and Elizabeth Stewart 2nd Countess Moray (age 15) were married. She by marriage Lord Doune. He by marriage 2nd Earl Moray 5C 1562. She the daughter of James Stewart 1st Earl Moray Regent and Agnes Keith Countess Moray and Argyll (age 50). They were third cousins. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.
On 23 Jan 1612 George "Fairy Earl" Fitzgerald 16th Earl of Kildare was born to Edward Fitzgerald.
4 Edward Whalley
14 Major-General William Goffe
17 General Thomas Harrison
21 Admiral Richard Deane Regicide
34 Richard Ingoldsby Judge Regicide
42 John Jones Regicide
54 Gregory Clement Regicide
55 John Downes Regicide
57 Thomas Scot Regicide
The commissioners who sat at the trial but did not sign the Death Warrant included:
William Monson 1st Viscount Monson (age 50)
James Harington 3rd Baronet (age 41)
The Captain of the Guard was Daniel Axtell (age 27). The guards included Francis Hacker Regicide, Matthew Tomlinson (age 31).
The Solicitor-General was John Cook Regicide (age 41).
On 23 Jan 1650 Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery (age 65) died at Whitehall Palace [Map]. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral [Map]. His son Philip Herbert 5th Earl Pembroke 2nd Earl Montgomery (age 29) succeeded 5th Earl Pembroke 10C 1551, 2nd Earl Montgomery.
John Mallorie of Studley Royal: In 1610 he was born.
In early 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded of further tranche of those who supported his Restoration ...
On 10 Jan 1661 Andrew Rutherford 1st Earl Teviot was created 1st Baron Rutherford 1C 1661 with special remainder to his heirs and assignees whatsoever, and that under what provisions, restrictions, and conditions the said Lord Rutherford should think fit.
On 23 Jan 1661 John Cole 1st Baronet (age 41) was created Baronet Cole of Newland.
On 20 Mar 1661 Thomas Rich 1st Baronet (age 60) was created 1st Baronet Rich of Sonning in Berkshire.
On 30 Mar 1661 James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde (age 50) was created 1st Duke Ormonde by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30). Elizabeth Preston Duchess Ormonde (age 45) by marriage Duchess Ormonde.
On 30 Mar 1661 John Fettiplace 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Fettiplace of Childrey in Berkshire. Anne Wenman Lady Fettiplace (age 31) by marriage Lady Fettiplace of Childrey in Berkshire.
Pepy's Diary. 23 Jan 1666. Up and to the office and then to dinner. After dinner to the office again all the afternoon, and much business with me. Good newes beyond all expectation of the decrease of the plague, being now but 79, and the whole but 272. So home with comfort to bed. A most furious storme all night and morning.
Pepy's Diary. 23 Jan 1667. Having done with the discourse, we away, and my Lord and I walking into the Park back again, I did observe the new buildings: and my Lord, seeing I had a desire to see them, they being the place for the priests and Fryers, he took me back to my Lord Almoner (age 38); and he took us quite through the whole house and chapel, and the new monastery, showing me most excellent pieces in wax-worke: a crucifix given by a Pope to Mary Queen of Scotts, where a piece of the Cross is1 two bits set in the manner of a cross in the foot of the crucifix: several fine pictures, but especially very good prints of holy pictures. I saw the dortoire [dormitory] and the cells of the priests, and we went into one; a very pretty little room, very clean, hung with pictures, set with books. The Priest was in his cell, with his hair clothes to his skin, bare-legged, with a sandal! only on, and his little bed without sheets, and no feather bed; but yet, I thought, soft enough. His cord about his middle; but in so good company, living with ease, I thought it a very good life. A pretty library they have. And I was in the refectoire, where every man his napkin, knife, cup of earth, and basin of the same; and a place for one to sit and read while the rest are at meals. And into the kitchen I went, where a good neck of mutton at the fire, and other victuals boiling. I do not think they fared very hard. Their windows all looking into a fine garden and the Park; and mighty pretty rooms all. I wished myself one of the Capuchins. Having seen what we could here, and all with mighty pleasure, so away with the Almoner (age 38) in his coach, talking merrily about the difference in our religions, to White Hall, and there we left him. I in my Lord Bruncker's (age 47) coach, he carried me to the Savoy, and there we parted. I to the Castle Tavern, where was and did come all our company, Sir W. Batten (age 66), Sir W. Pen (age 45), Sir R. Ford (age 53), and our Counsel Sir Ellis Layton, Walt Walker, Dr. Budd, Mr. Holder, and several others, and here we had a bad dinner of our preparing, and did discourse something of our business of our prizes, which was the work of the day.NOTEXT
Note 1. Pieces of "the Cross" were formerly held in such veneration, and were so common, that it has been often said enough existed to build a ship. Most readers will remember the distinction which Sir W. Scott represents Louis XI (with great appreciation of that monarch's character), as drawing between an oath taken on a false piece and one taken on a piece of the true cross. Sir Thomas More, a very devout believer in relics, says ("Works", p. 119), that Luther wished, in a sermon of his, that he had in his hand all the pieces of the Holy Cross; and said that if he so had, he would throw them there as never sun should shine on them:-and for what worshipful reason would the wretch do such villainy to the cross of Christ? Because, as he saith, that there is so much gold now bestowed about the garnishing of the pieces of the Cross, that there is none left for poore folke. Is not this a high reason? As though all the gold that is now bestowed about the pieces of the Holy Cross would not have failed to have been given to poor men, if they had not been bestowed about the garnishing of the Cross! and as though there were nothing lost, but what is bestowed about Christ's Cross!" "Wolsey, says Cavendish, on his fall, gave to Norris, who brought him a ring of gold as a token of good will from Henry, "a little chaine of gold, made like a bottle chain, with a cross of gold, wherein was a piece of the Holy Cross, which he continually wore about his neck, next his body; and said, furthermore, 'Master Norris, I assure you, when I was in prosperity, although it seem but small in value, yet I would not gladly have departed with the same for a thousand pounds.'" Life, ed. 1852, p. 167. Evelyn mentions, "Diary", November 17th, 1664, that he saw in one of the chapels in St. Peter's a crucifix with a piece of the true cross in it. Amongst the jewels of Mary Queen (age 28) of Scots was a cross of gold, which had been pledged to Hume of Blackadder for £1000 (Chalmers's "Life", vol. i., p. 31 ). B.
On 23 Jan 1693 George Carpenter 1st Baron Carpenter (age 35) and Alice Caulfeild Baroness Carpenter (age 32) were married.
On 23 Jan 1698 Ernest Augustus Hanover Elector Brunswick-Lüneburg (age 68) died.
On 23 Jan 1712 Thomas Pelham 1st Baron Pelham of Laughton (age 59) died. His son Thomas Pelham Holles 1st Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 18) succeeded 2nd Baron Pelham of Laughton, 5th Baronet Pelham of Laughton.
On 23 Jan 1720 Thomas Southwell 1st Baron Southwell (age 55) died.
On 23 Jan 1730 John Campbell 3rd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland (age 33) and Arbella Pershall Countess Breadalbaine and Holland were married. He the son of John Campbell 2nd Earl Breadalbaine and Holland (age 67) and Henrietta Villiers Countess Breadalbaine and Holland.
William Barnesley of Eardisley Park: Around 1703 he was born to William Barnesley (age 54) and Jane L'Estrange (age 37). On 26 Aug 1723 William Barnesley of Eardisley Park (age 20) and Elizabeth Price (age 16) were married at the Fleet Prison. There was no issue from the marriage. On 07 Apr 1737 William Barnesley (age 88) died. He was buried at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley on 12 Apr 1737. His son William Barnesley of Eardisley Park (age 34) should have inherited the Eardisley estate from his father in 1737, but was defrauded by his father's solicitor, Mansel Powell, and others, who forged a will disinheriting him. He recovered his property in 1749 after a lengthy Chancery suit, vigorously pursued by his wife on his behalf. This was succeeded by a further legal dispute with relatives. After his widow's death the estate was sold in 1778 to Dr. Pettit. In 1742 William Barnesley of Eardisley Park (age 39) was declared a lunatic at his wife's request. In 1753 Richard Coke (age 35) was appointed Vicar of the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley by the King by reason of the simony of the patron William Barnesley of Eardisley Park (age 50). On 23 Jan 1760 William Barnesley of Eardisley Park (age 57) died. He was buried at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley.
Elizabeth Price: In 1707 she was born to Walter Price of Kaevenblane. On 08 Apr 1773 Elizabeth Price (age 66) died. She was buried at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley
On 23 Jan 1768 Charles Dormer 8th Baron Dormer (age 42) and Elizabeth Hamilton Baroness Dormer were married.
On 23 Jan 1783 George Thicknesse-Touchet 20th Baron Audley was born to George Thicknesse 19th Baron Audley (age 25) and Elizabeth Delaval Baroness Audley (age 26).
Henry Augustus Dillon Lee 13th Viscount Dillon: On 28 Oct 1777 he was born to Charles Dillon Lee 12th Viscount Dillon (age 31) and Henrietta Maria Phipps (age 20) at Brussels. He a great x 3 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 09 Nov 1813 Charles Dillon Lee 12th Viscount Dillon (age 68) died. His son Henry Augustus Dillon Lee 13th Viscount Dillon (age 36) succeeded 13th Viscount Dillon of Costello Gallen in Mayo.
Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner (age 51). Portrait of George Richard St John 4th Viscount St John.
Arabella Diana Cope 3rd Duchess Dorset: In 1769 she was born to Charles Cope 2nd Baronet (age 26) and Catherine Bisshopp Countess Liverpool (age 24). In 1790 John Frederick Sackville 3rd Duke Dorset (age 44) and Arabella Diana Cope 3rd Duchess Dorset (age 21) were married. She by marriage Duchess Dorset, 9th Countess Dorset. The difference in their ages was 23 years. On 07 Apr 1801 Charles Whitworth 1st Earl Whitworth (age 48) and Arabella Diana Cope 3rd Duchess Dorset (age 32) were married. In 1825 Arabella Diana Cope 3rd Duchess Dorset (age 56) died.
Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner (age 51). Portrait of Jane Huck Saunders Countess of Westmoreland (age 27) as Hebe.
Jane Huck Saunders Countess of Westmoreland: In 1783 she was born to Richard Huck Saunders (age 63). In 1800 John Fane 10th Earl of Westmoreland (age 40) and Jane Huck Saunders Countess of Westmoreland (age 17) were married. The difference in their ages was 23 years. He the son of John Fane 9th Earl of Westmoreland and Augusta Bertie. On 26 Mar 1857 Jane Huck Saunders Countess of Westmoreland (age 74) died at Brympton d'Evercy.
Before 23 Jan 1810 John Hoppner (age 51). Portrait of Jane Georgiana Fauquier Baroness Vernon (age 62). A full-length portrait, of a woman standing, facing, head turned to the left, gazing to the left, her powdered hair tied with a pale-blue ribbon, and wearing a white muslin dress with yellow overdress and black lace shawl, pale blue waist ribbon tied with a bow, standing in a grove of trees, with a distant view of the sky to the left. A fearsome character according to Horace Walpole.
Jane Georgiana Fauquier Baroness Vernon: Around 1748 she was born to William Fauquier. On 25 May 1786 George Venables-Vernon 2nd Baron Vernon (age 51) and Jane Georgiana Fauquier Baroness Vernon (age 38) were married. She by marriage Baroness Vernon of Kinderton in Cheshire. On 31 May 1823 Jane Georgiana Fauquier Baroness Vernon (age 75) died.
Elizabeth Grey: She was born to Charles Grey 1st Earl Grey and Elizabeth Grey Countess Grey. On 26 Dec 1787 Samuel Charles Whitbread (age 23) and she were married. See Marriage of Two Sets of Siblings. She the daughter of Charles Grey 1st Earl Grey (age 58) and Elizabeth Grey Countess Grey (age 43). On 18 Jun 1795 George Grey 1st Baronet (age 27) and Mary Whitbread Lady Grey (age 25) were married. Her brother Samuel (age 31) had married her husband George's sister Elizabeth six years earlier. See Marriage of Two Sets of Siblings. He the son of Charles Grey 1st Earl Grey (age 65) and Elizabeth Grey Countess Grey (age 51). On 28 Nov 1846 she died.
On 23 Jan 1820 Edward Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Kent and Strathearn (age 52) died at Woolbrook Cottage Sidmouth.
On 23 Jan 1820 John Howard 15th Earl Suffolk (age 80) died. His son Thomas Howard 16th Earl Suffolk 9th Earl Berkshire (age 43) succeeded 16th Earl Suffolk 4C 1603, 9th Earl Berkshire 2C 1626. Elizabeth Jane Dutton Countess Suffolk and Berkshire (age 45) by marriage Countess Suffolk, Countess Berkshire.NOTEXT
On 23 Jan 1831 Horace Beckford aka Pitt-Rivers 3rd Baron Rivers (age 53) drowned himself in The Serpentine, Hyde Park having reneged on a pledge to never play cards again. His son George Pitt-Rivers 4th Baron Rivers (age 20) succeeded 4th Baron Rivers of Sudeley Castle in Gloucestershire 4C 1802.
On 23 Jan 1841 Henry Perceval 5th Earl Egmont (age 45) died. His half first cousin once removed George Perceval 6th Earl Egmont (age 46) succeeded 6th Earl Egmont, 6th Viscount Perceval of Kanturk in County Cork, 6th Baron Perceval of Burton in County Cork, 10th Baronet Perceval of Kanturk in County Cork, 5th Baron Lovel and Holland of Enmore in Somerset.
On 23 Jan 1874 Edith Maud Rawdon-Hastings 10th Countess Loudon (age 40) died. Her son Charles Rawdon-Hastings 11th Earl Loudon (age 19) succeeded 11th Earl Loudon, 22nd Baron Botreaux 1368, 21st Baron Hungerford 1C 1426, 19th Baron Moleyns 1C 1445 and 19th Baron Hastings 2C 1461. Alice Elizabeth Fitzalan Howard Countess Loudon by marriage Countess Loudon.NOTEXT
On 23 Jan 1874 Prince Alfred Windsor (age 29) and Maria Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 20) were married. He the son of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 54). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.
Maria Holstein Gottorp Romanov: On 17 Oct 1853 she was born to Alexander Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 35) and Maria Alexandrovna Hesse Darmstadt (age 29). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.67%. On 23 Jan 1874 Prince Alfred Windsor (age 29) and Maria Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 20) were married. He the son of Prince Albert Saxe Coburg Gotha and Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 54). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. Times Newspaper Marriages. 02 Feb 1874. THE MARRIAGE FESTIVITIES IN RUSSIA. ST. PETERSBURIG. Jan 31 Yesterday the Duke (age 29) and Duchess of Edinburgh (age 20), the Prince (age 32) and Princess of Wales (age 29), and Prince Arthur (age 23) were present with all the Imperial family at the ball given by the Cesarewvitch. The Prince of Wales (age 32) wore the uniform of the Norfolk Militia and Prince Arthur (age 23) that of the Rifle Brigade. This evening a grand dinner, to which 400 guests are invited, will be given by the British Ambassador to the Crown Prince and Princess of Germany and Prince Arthur. Later on in the evening all the English Princes will go to the ball given at the Hall of the Nobles at 9:30. On 24 Oct 1920 Maria Holstein Gottorp Romanov (age 67) died.
On 23 Jan 1874 Henry Villiers Stuart (age 70) died. Baron Stuart de Decies of Dromana within the Decies in County Waterford extinct as a consequence of there being uncertainty about the validity of his marriage to Theresia Pauline Ott. His son Henry Windsor Villiers-Stuart (age 46) was not allowed to inherit the title.
On 23 Jan 1875 Gerald Berkeley Fitzharding 7th Viscount Portman was born to Henry Fitzharding 2nd Viscount Portman (age 45) and Mary Selina Wentworth-Fitzwilliam Viscountess Portman (age 39).
On 23 Jan 1878 Alfonso XII King Spain (age 20) and Maria de las Mercedes Unknown Queen Consort Spain (age 17) were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Spain. She the daughter of Antoine Orléans Duke Montpensier (age 53) and Infanta Luisa Fernanda Duchess of Montpensier (age 45). He the son of Francisco de Asís King Consort Spain (age 55) and Isabella II Queen Spain (age 47). They were half first cousins.
On 23 Jan 1924 David William Anthony Blyth Macpherson 2nd Baron Strathcarron was born to James Ian Macpherson 1st Baron Strathcarron (age 43).
On 23 Jan 2005 Morys George Lyndhurst Bruce 4th Baron Aberdare (age 85) died. His son Alastair Bruce 5th Baron Aberdare (age 57) succeeded 5th Baron Aberdare of Duffryn in Glamorganshire.