26 Feb is in February.
On 26 Feb 1266 the Battle of Benevento was fought between King Charles Capet of Sicily (age 38) and Manfred King Sicily (age 34). Manfred King Sicily (age 34) was killed. His fifth cousin King Charles Capet of Sicily (age 38) succeeded King Sicily. Beatrice Provence Queen Consort Sicily (age 35) by marriage Queen Consort Sicily.
Before 26 Feb 1322 John Mowbray 3rd Baron Mowbray (age 11) and Maud Holland 3rd Baroness Holand, Baroness Lovel (age 12) were married. The marriage was later declared void. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.
On 26 Feb 1324 William Jülich V Duke Jülich (age 25) and Joanna Hainault Duchess Guelders (age 9) were married. She the daughter of William Hainault I Count Hainault III Count Avesnes III Count Holland II Count Zeeland (age 38) and Joan Valois Countess Zeeland Holland Avesnes and Hainault (age 30). He the son of Gerhard Jülich V Count Jülich (age 74) and Elisabeth Brabant Countess Jülich. They were half third cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.
On 26 Feb 1432 Ralph Longford (age 31) died. St Chad's Church, Longford [Map]. Monument to Ralph Longford (age 31). Early Plate Bascinet and Gorget Period. Lancastrian Esses Collar. Hip Belt. IHC NASARE Lettering.
Ralph Longford: Ralph Longford and Margaret Melton were married. On 27 Oct 1400 he was born to Nicholas IV Longford (age 27) and Sarah Harrington at Colwich. He was baptised at St Peter's Church Ellastone. On 19 May 1426, Whitsunday, King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 4) was knighted by his uncles John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 36) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 35) at Leicester, Leicestershire. Henry then went on to knight Ralph Longford (age 25), Thomas Courtenay 13th Earl Devon (age 12) and Robert Wingfield (age 23).
Chronicle of Gregory 1461. Alle soo the xxvj  day of Februer nexte folowyng Edwarde Erle of Marche (age 18) com to London owt of Walys and the Erle of Warwycke (age 32) with hym, and xl M1 [40,000] men with hem bothe, and they enteryd unto the cytte of London, and there he toke uppon hym the crowne of Inglond by the avysse of the lordys spyrytual and temporalle, and by the elexyon of the comyns. And so he began hys rayne the iiij day of Marche, in the yere of oure Lorde God M1CCCC lxj , the Sondy letter D as for that yere.
Chronicle of Gregory 1462. 26 Feb 1462. And thys same yere the Erle of Oxforde (age 53), the Lord Abbry, the Lorde of Oxforde ys sone, Syr Thomas Todenham (deceased) knyght, John Mongomery, and William Terelle (deceased) squyer, were takyn in Esex, and brought unto Lundon to the Towre [Map]. Ande thenne they were ledde to Westemyster to the Kynges palys, and there they were attaynte of hyghe and myghthy treson that they ymagenyd agayne þe Kynge. And thenn they were drawe to the Towre from Westemyster. And at the Towre hylle was made a schaffolde for them, and there hyr heddys were smetyn on, and hyr bodys beryd, as hyt plesyd them to be qwethe hyr bodys. See Vere Plot to Murder Edward IV.
Annales of England by John Stow. 26 Feb 1552. The 26 of February, Sir Ralph a Vane and Sir Miles Partridge were hanged on the tower hill [Map], Sir Michael Stanhope (age 45) with Sir Thomas Arundel (age 50) were beheaded there: all which foure persons tooke on their death that thep never offended against the kings maiestie, nor against any of his counfell.
Henry Machyn's Diary. 26 Feb 1552. The xxvjth day of Feybruarii, the wyche was [the morrow aft]er saynt Mathuwe day, was heddyd on the Tower [hill sir] Myghell Stanhope (age 45) knyght, and ser Thomas Arundell (age 50); [and in]-contenent was hangyd the seylff sam tyme sir Raff [a Vane] knyght, and ser Mylles Parterege knyght, of the galowse besyd the .... and after ther bodys wher putt in to dyvers nuw coffens [to be be-] red and heds in to the Towre in cases and ther bered .. cent.
Note. Execution of sir Thomas Arundell. One of the "metrical visions" of George Cavendish, the gentleman usher of Cardinal Wolsey, furnishes some biographical particulars of sir Thomas Arundell: viz. that he was educated with Cardinal Wolsey, and was chancellor to queen Katharine Howard. He is also made to confess that "I was cheaf councellor in the first overthrowe of the duke of Somerset, which few men did know." (See Singer's edition of Cavendish's Life of Wolsey, 1825, vol. ii. p. 125.) A letter of the earl of Northumberland in 1527, directed "To his beloved cosyn Thomas Arundel, one of the gentleman of my lord legates prevy chambre," and at its foot "To my bedfellow Arundel," with which term he also commences, is printed from the duke of Northumberland's archives, ibid. p. 246. With regard to his fate there is a curious passage in a very rare book, bishop Ponet's "Short Treatise of Politic Power," which Strype has quoted in his Memorials, vol. ii. 306: but with an interpolation which, as it is made silently, is perfectly inexcusable. Writing of the earl of Warwick, Ponet states,—"at th'erles sute Arundel hathe his head with the axe divided from the shoulders."
But Strype, imagining that the earl of Arundel (who was also involved in trouble at this period, having been fined 12,000l. in Jan. 1549–50,) was the suffering party named by the bishop, altered this passage thus:——"at the earl's suit, Arundel escaped, otherwise had his head with the axe been divided from his shoulders."
See the "Life of Henry Earl of Arundel, K.G." edited by J. G. Nichols, 1834, p. 7; or the Gentleman's Magazine for July 1833, p. 16, and for Feb. 1848.
Note. Sir Michael Stanhope also makes a poetical lament in Cavendish's Metrical Visions. He states that he had been dubbed knight by king Edward, and had been of his privy chamber. He was half-brother of the duchess of Somerset (as sir Thomas Arundell was half-brother of the countess of Arundel), and was great-grandfather of the first earl of Chesterfield. See a curious letter regarding his widow's funeral written by their son sir Thomas Stanhope in 1588, in the Archæologia, vol. xxxi. p. 212.
On 26 Feb 1552 Miles Partridge Courtier and Ralph Fane were hanged. Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle (age 50) and Michael Stanhope (age 45) were beheaded at Tower Hill [Map] for plotting to assassinate John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 48).
Henry Machyn's Diary. 26 Feb 1554. The same tyme and day be-twyne iiij [and v of the] cloke at nyght my lade Elssabeth('s) (age 20) grase c[ame riding] to London thrught Smythfeld unto West[minster] with a C. welvett cottes a-for her grace. A[nd her] grace rod in a charett opyn of boyth sydes. [And with] her grace rydyng after her a C. in cotes of [scarlet and] fyne red gardyd with velvett, and so thrught Fletstret unto the cowrt thrught the qu[een's] garden, her grace behyng syke.
Between 13 Jan 1571 and 26 Feb 1572 Colin Campbell 6th Earl Argyll (age 28) and Agnes Keith Countess Moray and Argyll (age 40) were married. She by marriage Countess Argyll. She the daughter of William Keith 4th Earl Marischal (age 64) and Margaret Keith Countess Marischal. He the son of Archibald Campbell 4th Earl Argyll and Margaret Graham Countess Argyll. They were half fourth cousins.
On 26 Feb 1577 King Erix XIV of Sweden (age 43) died.
On 26 Feb 1603 Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 74) died at Madrid.
On 26 Feb 1608 Bishop John Still (age 74) died.
On 26 Feb 1622 Bishop Robert was born.
Arabella Belasyse Lady Thirkleby: Around 1637 she was born to Henry Belasyse (age 33) and Grace Barton. In or before 1665 William Frankland 1st Baronet (age 25) and Arabella Belasyse Lady Thirkleby (age 27) were married. She by marriage Lady Frankland of Thirkleby in Yorkshire. On 26 Feb 1687 Arabella Belasyse Lady Thirkleby (age 50) died.
Evelyn's Diary. 26 Feb 1696. There was now a conspiracy of about thirty knights, gentlemen, captains, many of them Irish and English Papists, and Nonjurors or Jacobites (so called), to murder King William (age 45) on the first opportunity of his going either from Kensington, or to hunting, or to the chapel; and upon signal of fire to be given from Dover Cliff to Calais [Map], an invasion was designed. In order to it there was a great army in readiness, men-of-war and transports, to join a general insurrection here, the Duke of Berwick (age 25) having secretly come to London to head them, King James (age 62) attending at Calais with the French army. It was discovered by some of their own party. £1,000 reward was offered to whoever could apprehend any of the thirty named. Most of those who were engaged in it, were taken and secured. The Parliament, city, and all the nation, congratulate the discovery; and votes and resolutions were passed that, if King William (age 45) should ever be assassinated, it should be revenged on the Papists and party through the nation; an Act of Association drawing up to empower the Parliament to sit on any such accident, till the Crown should be disposed of according to the late settlement at the Revolution. All Papists, in the meantime, to be banished ten miles from London. This put the nation into an incredible disturbance and general animosity against the French King and King James. The militia of the nation was raised, several regiments were sent for out of Flanders, and all things put in a posture to encounter a descent. This was so timed by the enemy, that while we were already much discontented by the greatness of the taxes, and corruption of the money, etc., we had like to have had very few men-of-war near our coasts; but so it pleased God that Admiral Rooke (age 46) wanting a wind to pursue his voyage to the Straits, that squadron, with others at Portsmouth [Map] and other places, were still in the Channel, and were soon brought up to join with the rest of the ships which could be got together, so that there is hope this plot may be broken. I look on it as a very great deliverance and prevention by the providence of God. Though many did formerly pity King James's condition, this design of assassination and bringing over a French army, alienated many o£ his friends, and was likely to produce a more perfect establishment of King William.
On 26 Feb 1706 Henry Somerset 2nd Duke Beaufort (age 21) and Rachel Noel Duchess Beaufort (age 19) were married. She by marriage Duchess Beaufort. She the daughter of Wriothesley Baptist Noel 2nd Earl Gainsborough and Catherine Greville Duchess Buckingham and Normandby. They were fourth cousins.
Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 26 Feb 1718. A petition was offered by Mr President (age 57) of Mr John Spoll[?], [?] seeking to be employed by the Society as a Messenger or transcriber of any English and Latin Papers, which was agreed to when there shall be occasion for any thing of that kind.
On 26 Feb 1726 Maximilian Wittelsbach II Elector Bavaria (age 63) died.
On 26 Feb 1745 Henry Somerset 3rd Duke Beaufort (age 37) died. He was buried at St Michael and all Angels Church, Badminton. His brother Charles Noel Somerset 4th Duke Beaufort (age 35) succeeded 4th Duke Beaufort, 6th Marquess Worcester, 10th Earl Worcester 5C 1514. Elizabeth Berekeley Duchess Beaufort (age 32) by marriage Duchess Beaufort.
On 26 Feb 1746 Thomas Watson 3rd Earl Rockingham (age 30) died without issue. Earl Rockingham extinct. His first cousin once removed Thomas Watson 1st Marquess Rockingham (age 52) succeeded 6th Baron Rockingham of Northampton, 6th Baronet Watson of Rockingham Castle in Northamptonshire. He left his estates to his first cousin Lewis Watson 1st Baron Sondes (age 17) who changed his surname from Monson to Watson on 31 Jan 1751.
On 26 Feb 1766 Stephen Moore 1st Viscount Mount Cashell (age 70) died. His son Stephen Moore 1st Earl Mount Cashell (age 35) succeeded 2nd Viscount Mount Cashell of the City of Cashell, 2nd Baron Kilworth of Moore Park in the County of Cork.
On 26 Feb 1783 George Richard St John 4th Viscount St John 3rd Viscount Bolingbroke (age 21) and Charlotte Collins were married.
On 26 Feb 1875 Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood 3rd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava was born to Frederick Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood 1st Marquess of Dufferin and Ava (age 48).
On 26 Feb 1942 William Palmer 2nd Earl Selborne (age 82) died. His son Roundell Palmer 3rd Earl Selborne (age 54) succeeded 3rd Earl Selborne. Grace Ridley Countess Selborne (age 53) by marriage Countess Selborne.
On 26 Feb 1959 Princess Alexandra Duff Duchess Fife (age 67) died. Her nephew James George Alexander Bannerman Carnegie 3rd Duke of Fife (age 29) succeeded 3rd Duke Fife.