On this Day in History ... 26 October

26 Oct is in October.

899 Death of King Alfred the Great

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1529 Oct Wolsey surrenders the Great Seal

1537 Death of Jane Seymour

1591 Elizabeth's Royal Progress

1605 Gunpowder Plot

1640 Treaty of Ripon

1857 Battle of Inkerman

Bede. How Bishop John cured a dumb man by his blessing. [687 a.d.]

In the beginning of Aldfrid's reign, Bishop Eata died, and was succeeded in the bishopric of the church of Hagustald [Map] by the holy man John, of whom those that knew him well are wont to tell many miracles, and more particularly Berthun, a man worthy of all reverence and of undoubted truthfulness, and once his deacon, now abbot of the monastery called Inderauuda [Map], that is, "In the wood of the Deiri": some of which miracles we have thought fit to hand on to posterity. There is a certain remote dwelling [Map] enclosed by a mound, among scattered trees, not far from the church of Hagustald [Map], being about a mile and a half distant and separated from it by the River Tyne, having an oratory dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel, where the man of God used frequently, as occasion offered, and specially in Lent, to abide with a few companions and in quiet give himself to prayer and study. Having come hither once at the beginning of Lent to stay, he bade his followers find out some poor man labouring under any grievous infirmity, or want, whom they might keep with them during those days, to receive alms, for so he was always used to do.

On 26 Oct 686 Bishop Eata of Hexham died.

On 26 Oct 686 Eata Prior Melrose died.

On 26 Oct 760 Archbishop Cuthbert died.

Death of King Alfred the Great

On 26 Oct 899 King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (age 50) died at Winchester [Map]. He was buried at Hyde Abbey. His son King Edward "Elder" of the Anglo Saxons (age 25) succeeded King Anglo Saxons. Ecgwynn Unknown Queen Consort Anglo Saxons by marriage Queen Consort Anglo Saxons.

After 26 Oct 899. King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex (deceased) left Axmouth [Map] to his son Æthelweard Wessex in his will.

On 26 Oct 1132 Floris "The Black" Gerulfing I Count Holland (age 17) was murdered. He was buried at Rijnsburg Abbey.

On 26 Oct 1327 Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland (age 43) died.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. On the 26th of October she entertained the King (age 44) and Prince of Wales (age 27) in her own house in London; and we have recorded a gift of thirteen shillings and four pence to four minstrels who played in their presence.

On 26 Oct 1406 Eric King Norway King Denmark King Sweden (age 25) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark (age 12) were married. She the daughter of Henry IV King England (age 39) and Mary Bohun.

Battle of Agincourt

On 26 Oct 1415, the day after the Battle of Agincourt, the Bishop of Thérouanne consecrated part of the battle ground as a grave-site for the fallen.

On 26 Oct 1416 Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent was born to John Grey (age 29) and Constance Holland Countess Norfolk and Nottingham (age 29). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 26 Oct 1427 Sigismund Habsburg 4th Duke Austria was born to Frederick "Empty Pockets" Habsburg 4th Duke Austria (age 45) and Anna of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess Austria at Innsbruck.

On 26 Oct 1439 Jean "Bastard of Orléans" Valois Count Dunois Count Longueville (age 36) and Marie Harcourt were married. He the son of Louis Valois Duke Touraine I Duke Orléans and Valentina Visconti. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry III of England.

1529 Oct Wolsey surrenders the Great Seal

Letters and Papers 1529. 25 Oct 1529. Rym. XIV. 349. 6025. Cardinal Wolsey (age 56).

Memorandum of the surrender of the Great Seal by Cardinal Wolsey, on 17 Oct., to the dukes of Norfolk (age 56) and Suffolk (age 45), in his gallery at his house at Westminster, at 6 o'clock p.m., in the presence of Sir William Fitzwilliam (age 39), John Tayler, and Stephen Gardiner (age 46). The same was delivered by Tayler to the King (age 38) at Windsor [Map], on the 20 Oct., by whom it was taken out and attached to certain documents, in the presence of Tayler and Gardiner, Henry Norris (age 47), Thomas Heneage (age 49), Ralph Pexsall, clerk of the Crown, John Croke, John Judd, and Thomas Hall, of the Hanaper.NOTEXT

On the 25th Oct. the seal was delivered by the King at East Greenwich to Sir Thomas More (age 51), in the presence of Henry Norres (age 47) and Chr. Hales, Attorney General, in the King's privy chamber; and on the next day, Tuesday, 26 Oct., More took his oath as Chancellor in the Great Hall [Map] at Westminster, in presence of the dukes of Norfolk (age 56) and Suffolk (age 45), Th. marquis of Dorset (age 52), Henry marquis of Exeter (age 33), John Earl of Oxford (age 58), Henry Earl of Northumberland (age 27), George Earl of Shrewsbury (age 61), Ralph Earl of Westmoreland (age 31), John Bishop of  Lincoln (age 56), Cuthbert Bishop of  London (age 55), John Bishop of  Bath and Wells, Sir Rob. Radclyf, Viscount Fitzwater (age 46), Sir Tho. Boleyn, Viscount Rocheforde (age 52), Sir WilliamSandys, Lord (age 52) and others.NOTEXT

Close Roll, 21 Henry VIII. m. 19d.

Death of Jane Seymour

Letters and Papers 1537. 26 Oct [1537]. 988. Sir Thos. Palmer to Lord Lisle. R. O.

We have here heavy tidings. The bruit was that the Queen (deceased) died on Tuesday, but she was alive late on Wednesday night, "and if good prayers can save her, she is not like to die, for never lady was so much plained with every man, rich and poor." The King will be at York Place on Tuesday night. There is no time to sue, or the money would have been paid two days ago. I beg you to remember your promise for Thos. Appowell. I am sure you have a sufficient warrant both from the King and my lord Admiral, and also from my lord Privy Seal, by three of his letters. I trust Mr. Surveyor will not be against it so that he will have the next, for I spoke with him here in London. I will see you discharged when you admit him, or else count me the falsest man that ever was born. London, 26 Oct.

Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.

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Wriothesley's Chronicle. The 23rd dale of October Sir William [Paulet], Lord Sainct John (age 64), and Lord Great Master of the Kinges howse, delivered the Great Seale of England to the Kinges Majestie (age 10) and my Lord Protector, which he had bene custos of synce the dismission of my Lord Wriothesley (age 41), late Chauncelor; and the same daie Sir Richard Rich (age 50), Lord Rich, was chosen Lord Chauncelor, and the Kinges great scale delivered unto him; and the 26th daie of October he was sworne Lord Chauncelor in the Chauncerie in Westminster Hall.


On 26 Oct 1576 Frederick III Elector Palatine (age 61) died. His son Louis VI Elector Palatine (age 37) succeeded Count Palatine Simmern.

1591 Elizabeth's Royal Progress

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Gunpowder Plot

On 26 Oct 1605 William Parker 4th Baron Monteagle 14th Baron Marshal 13th Baron Morley (age 30) received a letter warning of the Gunpowder Plot and showed it to Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 42) who then showed it to the King at Hoxton.

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After 26 Oct 1608 Francis Manners 6th Earl of Rutland (age 30) and Cecily Tufton Countess Rutland were married. He the son of John Manners 4th Earl of Rutland and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland.

On 26 Oct 1612 Henry Wilmot 1st Earl Rochester was born to Charles Wilmot 1st Viscount Wilmot (age 40) and Sarah Anderson (age 14).

Treaty of Ripon

On 26 Oct 1640 the Treaty of Ripon was a peace treaty signed by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 39) to cease the war with Scotland in the North. Charles agreed the Scots could retain large parts of northern England, and to pay them £850 per day until the Aug 1641 1641 Treaty of London.


On 26 Oct 1662 William Cavendish 1st Duke Devonshire (age 22) and Mary Butler Duchess Devonshire (age 16) were married. She the daughter of James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde (age 52) and Elizabeth Preston Duchess Ormonde (age 47). He the son of William Cavendish 3rd Earl Devonshire (age 45) and Elizabeth Cecil Countess Devonshire (age 43).

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Pepy's Diary. 26 Oct 1663. Thence Creed and I to the King's Head ordinary, where much and very good company, among others one very talking man, but a scholler, that would needs put in his discourse and philosophy upon every occasion, and though he did well enough, yet his readiness to speak spoilt all. Here they say that the Turkes go on apace, and that my Lord Castlehaven is going to raise 10,000 men here for to go against him; that the King of France (age 25) do offer to assist the Empire upon condition that he may be their Generalissimo, and the Dolphin (age 1) chosen King of the Romans: and it is said that the King of France (age 25) do occasion this difference among the Christian Princes of the Empire, which gives the Turke such advantages. They say also that the King of Spayne (age 58) is making all imaginable force against Portugall again.


Pepy's Diary. 26 Oct 1663. Thence (I drinking no wine) after an hour's stay Sir W. Batten (age 62) and another, and he drinking, we home by coach, and so to my office and set down my Journall, and then home to supper and to bed, my washing being in a good condition over. I did give Dr. Williams 20s. tonight, but it was after he had answered me well to what I had to ask him about this business, and it was only what I had long ago in my petty bag book allotted for him besides the bill of near £4 which I paid him a good while since by my brother Tom (age 29) for physique for my wife, without any consideration to this business that he is to do for me, as God shall save me. Among the rest, talking of the Emperor (age 23)1 at table to-day one young gentleman, a pretty man, and it seems a Parliament man, did say that he was a sot; for he minded nothing of the Government, but was led by the Jesuites. Several at table took him up, some for saying that he was a sot in being led by the Jesuites, [who] are the best counsel he can take. Another commander, a Scott[ish] Collonell, who I believe had several under him, that he was a man that had thus long kept out the Turke till now, and did many other great things, and lastly Mr. Progers, one of our courtiers, who told him that it was not a thing to be said of any Soveraigne Prince, be his weaknesses what they will, to be called a sot, which methinks was very prettily said.

Note 1. Leopold I (age 23), the Holy Roman Emperor, was born June 9th, 1640. He became King of Hungary in 1655, and King of Bohemia in 1658, in which year he received the imperial crown. The Princes of the German Empire watched for some time the progress of his struggle with the Turks with indifference, but in 1663 they were induced to grant aid to Leopold after he had made a personal appeal to them in the diet at Ratisbon.

On 26 Oct 1674 Lionel Cranfield 3rd Earl Middlesex (age 49) died without issue. Earl Middlesex 1C 1622 extinct.


On 26 Oct 1686 John Egerton 2nd Earl Bridgewater (age 63) died. He was buried at Little Gaddesden. His son John Egerton 3rd Earl Bridgewater (age 39) succeeded 3rd Earl Bridgewater 2C 1617, 4th Viscount Brackley. Jane Paulet Countess Bridgewater (age 30) by marriage Countess Bridgewater.

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On 26 Oct 1733 Thomas Reynolds 2nd Baron Ducie was born to Francis Reynolds and Elizabeth Moreton.

On 26 Oct 1744 Henry Dillon 11th Viscount Dillon (age 39) and Charlotte Lee Viscountess Dillon (age 20) were married. She the daughter of George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield and Frances Hales Countess Lichfield (age 47). She a great granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 26 Oct 1756 Robert Jocelyn 2nd Earl Roden was born to Robert Jocelyn 1st Earl Roden (age 25) and Anne Hamilton Countess Roden (age 26).

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On 26 Oct 1846 John Yarde-Buller 2nd Baron Churston was born to John Yarde-Buller (age 22) and Charlotte Chandos-Pole (age 16).

On 26 Oct 1847 John Trollope 1st Baron Kesteven (age 47) and Julia Maria Sheffield were married.

Battle of Inkerman

The London Gazette 21997. War-Office, May 5, 1857.

The Queen (age 37) has been graciously pleased to signify Her intention to confer the Decoration of the Victoria Cross on the undermentioned Officers of Her Majesty's Army, who have been recommended to Her Majesty for that Decoration,—in accordance with the rules laid down in Her Majesty's Warrant of the 29th of January, 1856,—on account of acts of bravery performed by them before the Enemy during the late War, as recorded against their several names ; viz.

Grenadier Guards. Colonel Hon. Henry Hugh Manvers Percy (age 39). Date of Act of Bravery, 5th November, 1854 [ at the Battle of Inkerman]

At a moment when the Guards were at some distance from the Sand Bag Battery, at the Battle of Inkerman, Colonel Percy charged singly into the battery, followed immediately by the Guards; the embrasures of the battery, as also the parapet, were held by the Russians, who kept up a most severe fire of musketry.

At the Battle of Inkerman Colonel Percy, found himself with many men of various regiments, who had charged too far, nearly surrounded by the Russians, and without ammunition. Colonel Percy, by his knowledge of ground, though wounded, extricated these men, and, passing under a heavy fire from the Russians then in the Sand Bag Battery, brought them safe to where ammunition was to be obtained, thereby saving some fifty men, and enabling them to renew the combat. He received the approval of His Royal Highness the Duke of Cambridge, for this action, on the spot.—Colonel Percy was engaged with, and put hors de combat, a Russian soldier.

7th Regiment. Lieutenant William Hope. Date of Act of Bravery, 18th June, 1855.

After the troops had retreated on the morning of the 18th June, 1855, Lieutenant W. Hope being informed by the late Serjeant-Major William Bacon, who was himself wounded, that Lieutenant and Adjutant Hobson was lying outside the trenches badly wounded, went out to look for him, and found him lying in the old agricultural ditch running towards the left flank of the Redan. He then returned, and got four men to bring him in. Finding, however, that Lieutenant Hobson could not be removed without a stretcher, he then ran back across the open to Egerton's Pit, where he procured one, and carried it to where Lieutenant Hobson was lying.

All this was done under a very heavy fire from the Russian batteries.

7th Regiment. Assistant-Surgeon Thomas Egerton Hale, M.D. Date of Act of Bravery, 8th September, 1855

First. For remaining with an officer who was dangerously wounded, (Captain H. M. Jones, 7th Regiment), in the fifth parallel, on 8th September, 1855, when all the men in the immediate neighbourhood retreated, excepting Lieutenant W. Hope and Dr. Hale; and for endeavouring to rally the men, in conjunction with Lieutenant W. Hope, 7th Royal Fusiliers.

Secondly. For having, on 8th September, 1855, after the regiments had retired into the trenches, cleared the most advanced sap of the wounded, and carried, into the sap, under a heavy fire, several wounded men from the open ground, being assisted by Serjeant Charles Fisher, 7th Royal Fusiliers

Coldstream Guards (late of the 49th Regiment). Brevet-Major John Augustus Conolly Date of Act of Bravery, 26th October, 1854.

In the attack by the Russians against the position held by the Second Division, 26th October, 1854, Major Conolly, then a Lieutenant in the 49th Regiment, while in command of a company of that regiment, on outlying picket, made himself most conspicuous by the gallantry of his behaviour. He came particularly under the observation of the late Field-Marshal Lord Raglan, while in personal encounter with several Russians, in defence of his post. He ultimately fell, dangerously wounded. Lieutenant Conolly was highly praised in General Orders, and promoted into the Coldstream Guards, as a reward for his exemplary behaviour on this occasion.

PAINTINGS/BASSANO/Edith_Chaplin.jpg26 Oct 1918. Bassano Ltd. Photograph of Edith Chaplin Marchioness Londonderry (age 39)

On 26 Oct 1946 John Knatchbull 7th Baron Brabourne (age 21) and Patricia Mountbatten 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Louis Mountbatten 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (age 46) and Edwina Ashley Countess Mountbatten Burma (age 44). She a great x 2 granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 26 Oct 1962 William Simon Pease 3rd Baron Wardington (age 37) and Elizabeth Jane Ormsby-Gore Baroness Wardington (age 32) were married.