29 Jan is in January.
On 29 Jan 1254 Hugh Lusignan XII Count Lusignan VII Count La Marche III Count Angoulême (age 19) and Jeanne Fougères Countess Lusignan Countess La Marche and Angoulême were married. She by marriage Countess Lusignan, Countess La Marche, Countess Angoulême. He the son of Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan VI Count La Marche II Count Angoulême and Yolande Capet Countess Lusignan, La Marche and Angoulême (age 35). He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.
On 29 Jan 1291 Joan Chatillon I Countess Blois (age 38) died.
Before 29 Jan 1408 Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell (age 61) and Joan Devereux 3rd Baroness Devereux Baroness Burnell (age 29) were married. Joan Devereux 3rd Baroness Devereux Baroness Burnell by marriage Baroness Burnell 2C. The difference in their ages was 32 years.
Letters 1536. 29 Jan 1536. Some days ago I was informed from various quarters, which I did not think very good authorities, that notwithstanding the joy shown by the concubine (age 35) at the news of the good Queen's death, for which she had given a handsome present to the messenger, she had frequently wept, fearing that they might do with her as with the good Queen. This morning I have heard from the lady (age 33) mentioned in my letters of the 5th November1, and from her husband (age 40), that they were informed by one of the principal persons at Court that this King had said to some one in great confidence, and as it were in confession, that he had made this marriage, seduced by witchcraft, and for this reason he considered it null; and that this was evident because God did not permit them to have any male issue, and that he believed that he might take another wife, which he gave to understand that he had some wish to do. The thing is very difficult for me to believe, although it comes from a good source. I will watch to see if there are any indications of its probability. Yet I have not forborne to give some little hint of it by a third hand to the Princess' gouvernante (age 60), so as to warn her to treat the Princess a little better; and I have advised the latter to be as familiar as possible with her gouvernante (age 60) so as to make her feel that when the Princess comes to her estate she will not regard her with disfavor.
Letters 1536. 29 Jan 1536. Vienna Archives. 200. Chapuys to Granvelle.
Cannot thank him sufficiently for his kindness, which quite overwhelms him As he writes to the Emperor, thinks the enterprise extremely difficult and almost impossible; yet persons who understand matters better than himself think it would not be difficult, for the whole people cries after the Emperor. Many suspect that if the Queen died by poison it was Gregory di Casale who sent it by a kinsman, of Modena, named Gorron, who came hither in haste, and by what he told me the night before he returned, he had come to obtain letters in behalf of the Prothonotary Casale. He said the King and Cromwell would speak to me about it, but they have not done so. Those who suspect this say the said Gregory must have earned somehow the 8 ducats a day the King gave him, and to get a slow poison which should leave no trace, they had sent for him (lavoyent envoye querre la), which Chapuys cannot easily believe, as there would be too great danger of its being made known. London, 29 Jan. 1535.
Wriothesley's Chronicle. 29 Jan 1536. This yeare also, three daies before Candlemasd, Queene Anne (age 35) was brought a bedd and delivered of a man chield, as it was said, afore her tyme, for she said that she had reckoned herself at that tyme but fiftene weekes gonne with chield; it was said she tooke a fright, for the King ranne that time at the ring and had a fall from his horse, but he had no hurt; and she tooke such a fright withall that it caused her to fall in travailee, and so was delivered afore her full tyme, which was a great discompfort to all this realme.f
Note d. As Candlemas Day is the 2nd of February, our Author must have calculated three full days, exclusive of the 29th January, 1536.
Note e. Another account is that her miscarriage was occasioned by the shock which she received upon discovering that Henry VIII had transferred his affections to Jane Seymour (age 27).
Note f. Her miscarriage was thought to have made an ill impression on the King's mind, who from thence concluded that this marriage was displeasing to God. Burnet, i. p. 196.
Letters 1536. 29 Jan 1536. 282. On the day of the interment the Concubine (age 35) had an abortion which seemed to be a male child which she had not borne 3½ months, at which the King has shown great distress. The said concubine (age 35) wished to lay the blame on the Duke of Norfolk (age 63), whom she hates, saying he frightened her by bringing the news of the fall the King had six days before. But it is well known that is not the cause, for it was told her in a way that she should not be alarmed or attach much importance to it. Some think it was owing to her own incapacity to bear children, others to a fear that the King would treat her like the late Queen, especially considering the treatment shown to a lady of the Court, named Mistress Semel [Jane Seymour (age 27)], to whom, as many say, he has lately made great presents. The Princess's gouvernante (age 60), her daughters, and a niece, have been in great sorrow for the said abortion, and have been continually questioning a lady who is very intimate with the Princess whether the said Princess did not know the said news of the abortion, and that she might know that, but they would not for the world that she knew the rest, meaning that there was some fear the King might take another wife. NOTEXT
Note c. In the Abbey Church, which Henry VIII afterwards converted into a Cathedral. The circular letter addressed by the King to many persons of quality, requiring their attendance in the conveyance of the corpse from Kimbolton to Peterborough, will be found in MS. Harleian. 540, fol 52b.
Letters 1536. 10 Feb 1536. Vienna Archives. 282. Chapuys to Charles V.
Wrote on the 29th ult. The same day the Queen (deceased) was buried, and besides the ladies whom I mentioned, there were present four bishops and as many abbots, but no other man of mark except the comptroller of the King's Household. The place where she is buried in the church is far removed from the high altar, and much less honorable than that of certain bishops buried there; and even if they had not taken her for princess dowager as they have done in death and life, but only as simple baroness, they could not have given her a less honorable place, as I am told by men acquainted with those matters. Such are the great miracles and incredible magnificence which they gave me to understand they would put forth in honor of her memory as due alike to her great virtues and to her kindred. Possibly they will repair the fault by making a becoming monument in some suitable place.
Letters 1536. Vienna Archives. 284. Death and Burial of Katharine of Arragon.
The good Queen (deceased) died in a few days, of God knows what illness, on Friday, 7 Jan. 1536. Next day her body was taken into the Privy Chamber and placed under the canopy of State (sous le dhoussier et drapt destat), where it rested seven days, without any other solemnity than four flambeaux continually burning. During this time a leaden coffin was prepared, in which the body was enclosed on Saturday, the 15th, and borne to the chapel. The vigils of the dead were said the same day, and next day one mass and no more, without any other light than six torches of rosin. On Sunday, the 16th, the body was removed again into the Privy Chamber, where it remained till Saturday following. Meanwhile an "estalage," which we call a chapelle ardente, was arranged, with 56 wax candles in all, and the house hung with two breadths of the lesser frieze of the country. On Saturday, the 22nd, it was again brought to the chapel, and remained until the masses of Thursday following, during which time solemn masses were said in the manner of the country, at which there assisted by turns as principals the Duchess of Suffolk (age 16), the Countess of Worcester (age 34), the young Countess of Oxford (age 18), the Frances Vere Countess of Surrey (age 19), and Baronesses Howard (age 21), Willoughby (age 24), Bray, and Gascon (sic). NOTEXT
25 Jan 1536. On Tuesday1 following, as they were beginning mass, four banners of crimson taffeta were brought, two of which bore the arms of the Queen, one those of England, with three "lambeaulx blancs," which they say are of Prince Arthur; the fourth had the two, viz., of Spain and England, together. There were also four great golden [standards]. On one was painted the Trinity, on the second Our Lady, on the third St. Katharine, and on the fourth St. George; and by the side of these representations the said arms were depicted in the above order; and in like manner the said arms were simply, and without gilding (? dourance), painted and set over all the house, and above them a simple crown, distinguished from that of the kingdom which is closed. On Wednesday after the robes of the Queen's 10 ladies were completed, who had not till then made any mourning, except with kerchiefs on their heads and old robes. This day, at dinner, the countess of Surrey held state, who at the vigils after dinner was chief mourner. On Thursday, after mass, which was no less solemn than the vigils of the day before, the body was carried from the chapel and put on a waggon, to be conveyed not to one of the convents of the Observant Friars, as the Queen had desired before her death, but at the pleasure of the King, her husband, to the Benedictine Abbey of Peterborough, and they departed in the following order:—First, 16 priests or clergymen in surplices went on horseback, without saying a word, having a gilded laten cross borne before them; after them several gentlemen, of whom there were only two of the house, "et le demeurant estoient tous emprouvez," and after them followed the maître d'hotel and chamberlain, with their rods of office in their hands; and, to keep them in order, went by their sides 9 or 10 heralds, with mourning hoods and wearing their coats of arms; after them followed 50 servants of the aforesaid gentlemen, bearing torches and "bâtons allumés," which lasted but a short time, and in the middle of them was drawn a waggon, upon which the body was drawn by six horses all covered with black cloth to the ground. The said waggon was covered with black velvet, in the midst of which was a great silver cross; and within, as one looked upon the corpse, was stretched a cloth of gold frieze with a cross of crimson velvet, and before and behind the said waggon stood two gentlemen ushers with mourning hoods looking into the waggon, round which the said four banners were carried by four heralds and the standards with the representations by four gentlemen. Then followed seven ladies, as chief mourners, upon hackneys, that of the first being harnessed with black velvet and the others with black cloth. After which ladies followed the waggon of the Queen's gentlemen; and after them, on hackneys, came nine ladies, wives of knights. Then followed the waggon of the Queen's chambermaids; then her maids to the number of 36, and in their wake followed certain servants on horseback.
In this order the royal corpse was conducted for nine miles of the country, i.e., three French leagues, as far as the abbey of Sautry, where the abbot and his monks received it and placed it under a canopy in the choir of the church, under an "estalage" prepared for it, which contained 408 candles, which burned during the vigils that day and next day at mass. Next day a solemn mass was chanted in the said abbey of Sautry, by the Bishop of Ely, during which in the middle of the church 48 torches of rosin were carried by as many poor men, with mourning hoods and garments. After mass the body was borne in the same order to the abbey of Peterborough, where at the door of the church it was honorably received by the bishops of Lincoln, Ely, and Rochester, the Abbot of the place, and the abbots of Ramsey, Crolain (Crowland), Tournan (Thorney), Walden and Thaem (Tame), who, wearing their mitres and hoods, accompanied it in procession till it was placed under the chapelle ardente which was prepared for it there, upon eight pillars of beautiful fashion and roundness, upon which were placed about 1,000 candles, both little and middle-sized, and round about the said chapel 18 banners waved, of which one bore the arms of the Emperor, a second those of England, with those of the King's mother, prince Arthur, the Queen of Portugal, sister of the deceased, Spain, Arragon, and Sicily, and those of Spain and England with three "lambeaulx," those of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, who married the daughter of Peter the Cruel, viz., "le joux des beufz," the bundle of Abbot of arrows, the pomegranate (granade), the lion and the greyhound. Likewise there were a great number of little pennons, in which were portrayed the devices of king Ferdinand, father of the deceased, and of herself; and round about the said chapel, in great gold letters was written, as the device of the said good lady, "Humble et loyale." Solemn vigils were said that day, and on the morrow the three masses by three bishops: the first by the Bishop of Rochester, with the Abbot of Thame as deacon, and the Abbot of Walden as sub-deacon; the second by the Bishop of Ely, with the Abbot of Tournay (Thorney) as deacon, and the Abbot of Peterborough as sub-deacon; the third by the Bishop of Lincoln (age 63), with the Bishop of Llandaff as deacon, and that of Ely as sub-deacon; the other bishops and abbots aforesaid assisting at the said masses in their pontificals, so the ceremony was very sumptuous. The chief mourner was lady Eleanor (age 17), daughter of the Duke of Suffolk (age 52) and the French Queen, and niece of King Henry, widower now of the said good Queen. She was conducted to the offering by the Comptroller and Mr. Gust (Gostwick), new receiver of the moneys the King takes from the Church. Immediately after the offering was completed the Bishop of Rochester preached the same as all the preachers of England for two years have not ceased to preach, viz., against the power of the Pope, whom they call Bishop of Rome, and against the marriage of the said good Queen and the King, alleging against all truth that in the hour of death she acknowledged she had not been Queen of England. I say against all truth, because at that hour she ordered a writing to be made in her name addressed to the King as her husband, and to the ambassador of the Emperor, her nephew, which she signed with these words—Katharine, Queen of England—commending her ladies and servants to the favor of the said ambassador. At the end of the mass all the mourning ladies offered in the hands of the heralds each three ells in three pieces of cloth of gold which were upon the body, and of this "accoutrements" will be made for the chapel where the annual service will be performed for her. After the mass the body was buried in a grave at the lowest step of the high altar, over which they put a simple black cloth. In this manner was celebrated the funeral of her who for 27 years has been true Queen of England, whose holy soul, as every one must believe, is in eternal rest, after worldly misery borne by her with such patience that there is little need to pray God for her; to whom, nevertheless, we ought incessantly to address prayers for the weal (salut) of her living image whom she has left to us, the most virtuous Princess her daughter, that He may comfort her in her great and infinite adversities, and give her a husband to his pleasure, &c. Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 6.
Note 1. This would be Tuesday, 1 Feb., if the chronology were strict; but the latest Tuesday that can be intended is 25 Jan.
The History of the Reformation Volume 1 Book III. [29 Jan 1536.] This was the last public good act of this unfortunate queen (age 35); who, the nearer she drew to her end, grew more full of good works. She had distributed in the last nine months of her life between fourteen and fifteen thousand pounds to the poor, and was designing great and public good things. And by all appearance, if she had lived, the money that was raised by the suppression of religious houses had been better employed than it was. In January, she brought forth a dead son. This was thought to have made ill impressions on the king; and that, as he concluded from the death of his sons by the former queen, that the marriage was displeasing to God; so he might, upon this misfortune, begin to make the like judgment of this marriage. Sure enough the popish party were earnestly set against the queen, looking on her as a great supporter of heresy. And at that time Fox (age 40), then bishop of Hereford, was in Germany, at Smalcald, treating a league with the protestant princes, who [?]sisted much, on the Ausburg Confession. There were many conferences between Fox and doctor [?]arnes, and some others, with the Lutheran divines, for accommodating the differences between them; and the thing was in a good forwardness: all which was imputed to the queen. Gardiner was then ambassador in France, and wrote earnestly to the king, to dissuade him from entering into any religious league with these princes; for that would alienate all the world from him, and dispose his own subjects to rebel. The king thought the German princes and divines should have submitted all things to his judgment; and had such an opinion of his own learning, and was so puffed up with the flattering raises that he daily heard, that he grew impatient of any opposition, and thought that his dictates should pass for oracles. And because the Germans would not receive them so, his mind was alienated from them.
Henry Machyn's Diary. 29 Jan 1554. The xxix day of January master Wyatt (age 33), master Harper, master Rudston (age 39), master Knevett (age 37), and the commons, commyng [marched to] Blake-heth [Map], and so forward toward London with [a great] army commyng.
On 29 Jan 1608 Frederick Württemberg I Duke Württemberg (age 50) died.
On 31 Jan 1622 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire (age 42) died of the wounds he had received two days earlier. He was buried at Dorchester on Thames [Map]. His daughter Elizabeth Norreys 3rd Baroness Norreys Rycote (age 19) succeeded 3rd Baroness Norreys Rycote. Earl Berkshire 1C 1621 and Viscount Thame extinct.
On 29 Jan 1649. In Echard's England (vol. ii, p. 639, edit. 1718) it is stated that early in the rebellion King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 48) confided to Elizabeth Cole Lady Wheler, his former laundres, a casket, which she restored to him the night before his execution.
On 29 Jan 1663 Bishop Robert Saunderson (age 76) died.
On 29 Jan 1663 Bishop Robert Sanderson (age 75) died.
On 29 Jan 1667 John Wilmot 2nd Earl Rochester (age 19) and Elizabeth Malet Countess Rochester (age 16) were married at Knightsbridge Chapel Knightsbridge. She by marriage Countess Rochester. They having eloped and married against her families wishes. Two years previously he had abducted her for which he spent three weeks in prison. Her father being dead it isn't clear whose ward she was. He the son of Henry Wilmot 1st Earl Rochester and Anne St John Countess Rochester (age 52).
Evelyn's Diary. 29 Jan 1689. The votes of the House of Commons being carried up by Mr. Hampden (age 36), their chairman, to the Lords, I got a station by the Prince's (age 55) lodgings at the door of the lobby to the House, and heard much of the debate, which lasted very long. Lord Derby (age 34) was in the chair (for the House was resolved into a grand committee of the whole House); after all had spoken, it came to the question, which was carried by three voices against a Regency, which 51 were for, 54 against; the minority alleging the danger of dethroning Kings, and scrupling many passages and expressions in the vote of the Commons, too long to set down particularly. Some were for sending to his Majesty with conditions: others that the King (age 55) could do no wrong, and that the maladministration was chargeable on his ministers. There were not more than eight or nine bishops, and but two against the Regency; the archbishop (age 71) was absent, and the clergy now began to change their note, both in pulpit and discourse, on their old passive obedience, so as people began to talk of the bishops being cast out of the House. In short, things tended to dissatisfaction on both sides; add to this, the morose temper of the Prince of Orange (age 38), who showed little countenance to the noblemen and others, who expected a more gracious and cheerful reception when they made their court. The English army also was not so in order, and firm to his interest, nor so weakened but that it might give interruption. Ireland was in an ill posture as well as Scotland. Nothing was yet done toward a settlement. God of his infinite mercy compose these things, that we may be at last a Nation and a Church under some fixed and sober establishment!
On 29 Jan 1693 Henry Herbert 6th Earl Montgomery 9th Earl Pembroke was born to Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery (age 37) and Margaret Sawyer Countess Pembroke and Montgomery.
On 29 Jan 1706 Charles Sackville 6th Earl Dorset 1st Earl Middlesex (age 63) died at Bath [Map]. His son Lionel Cranfield Sackville 1st Duke Dorset (age 18) succeeded 7th Earl Dorset 4C 1604, 2nd Earl Middlesex 2C 1675, 7th Baron Buckhurst 1C 1567, 2nd Baron Cranfield of Cranfield in Middlesex.
On 29 Jan 1740 Richard Lumley 2nd Earl Scarborough (age 53) committed suicide by shooting himself through the roof of the mouth possibly as a result of his having told the Dowager Duchess of Manchester (age 34), who he had intended to marry the following day, a state secret which she then shared with her grandmother Sarah Jennings Duchess Marlborough (age 79) who shared it with William Pulteney 1st Earl Bath (age 55) who shared it with everyone else. On 29 Jan 1740 His brother Thomas Lumley-Saunderson 3rd Earl Scarborough (age 49) succeeded 3rd Earl Scarborough. Frances Hamilton Countess Scarborough by marriage Countess Scarborough. He left his estates to his youngest brother James Lumley (age 34).
On 29 Jan 1749 Christian VII King Denmark and Norway was born to Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 25) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 24). He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.
On 29 Jan 1756 Richard Hely-Hutchinson 1st Earl of Donoughmore was born to John Hely-Hutchinson (age 32) and Christiana Nixon 1st Baroness Donoughmore (age 23).
Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton: On 14 Mar 1765 she was born to Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter (age 37) and Laura Walpole. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 02 Jul 1784 George Fitzroy 2nd Baron Southampton (age 22) and Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton (age 19) were married. Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton by marriage Baroness Southampton. She the daughter of Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter and Laura Walpole. They were half third cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 29 Jun 1798 Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton (age 33) died in Dawlish.
On 29 Jan 1798 Patrick Bellew 1st Baron Bellew was born to Edward Bellew 6th Baronet (age 38).
On 29 Jan 1810 Alan Legge Gardner 3rd Baron Gardner was born to Alan Hyde Gardner 2nd Baron Gardner (age 39).
On 29 Jan 1817 George Spencer 4th Duke Marlborough (age 78) died. His son George Spencer-Churchill 5th Duke Marlborough (age 50) succeeded 5th Duke Marlborough, 5th Marquess of Blandford, 5th Earl of Marlborough 2C 1689, 5th Baron Churchill of Sandridge in Hertfordshire, 7th Earl of Sunderland 2C 1643, 9th Baron Spencer Wormleighton. Susan Stewart Duchess Marlborough (age 49) by marriage Duchess Marlborough.
On 29 Jan 1820 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 81) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. His reign the third longest after Victoria and Elizabeth II. His son King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 57) succeeded IV King Great Britain and Ireland. Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England (age 51) by marriage Queen Consort England.
On 29 Jan 1839 Elizabeth Sutherland Duchess Sutherland 19th Countess Sutherland (age 73) died. Her son George Sutherland Leveson-Gower 2nd Duke Sutherland (age 52) succeeded 20th Earl Sutherland.
On 29 Jan 1844 Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 60) died. His son Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha II Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 25) succeeded II Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha. Princess Alexandrine of Baden (age 23) by marriage Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha.
On 29 Jan 1850 Charles Bennet 6th Earl Tankerville (age 40) and Olivia Montagu Countess Tankerville (age 19) were married at Kimbolton Castle [Map]. The difference in their ages was 20 years. She the daughter of George Montagu 6th Duke Manchester (age 50) and Millicent Sparrow Duchess Manchester. He the son of Charles Augustus Bennet 5th Earl Tankerville (age 73) and Corisande Armandine Sophie Léonie Hélène Gramont Countess Tankerville (age 67).
On 29 Jan 1852 Frederick Oliver Robinson 2nd Marquess Ripon was born to George Frederick Samuel Robinson 1st Marquess Ripon (age 24) and Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner Marchioness Ripon (age 18). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.23%.
Before 29 Jan 1853 Frederick Lamb 3rd Viscount Melbourne (age 70) and Alexandrina Julia Gräfin von Maltzan were married.
On 29 Jan 1853 Frederick Lamb 3rd Viscount Melbourne (age 70) died without issue. Viscount Melbourne, Baron Beauvale of Beauvale in Nottinghamshire and Baronet Lamb of Brocket Hall in Hertfordshire extinct. Melbourne Hall [Map] was inherited by his sister Emily Lamb Countess Cowper (age 65).
On 29 Jan 1917 Evelyn Baring 1st Earl Cromer Norfolk (age 75) died. His son Rowland Baring 2nd Earl Cromer Norfolk (age 39) succeeded 2nd Earl Cromer. Ruby Florence Mary Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound Countess Cromer (age 30) by marriage Countess Cromer.
Edward Castell Wrey: On 09 Feb 1875 he was born to Henry Bourchier Toke Wrey 10th Baronet (age 45) and Marianne Sarah Sherard Lady Wrey (age 39). On 11 Apr 1901 Edward Castell Wrey (age 26) and Katherine Joan Dene were married. On 28 Jan 1933 Edward Castell Wrey (age 57) died.
On 29 Jan 1962 Alexander Murray 8th Earl of Dunmore (age 90) died. He was cremated at Golders Green Cemetery.
On 29 Jan 1970 Edward Foljambe 5th Earl of Liverpool (age 25) and Juliana Noel Countess Liverpool (age 21) were married. Juliana Noel Countess Liverpool by marriage Countess Liverpool. She the daughter of Anthony Gerard Edward Noel 5th Earl of Gainsborough (age 46) and Mary Stourton Countess Gainsborough (age 44). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom.
On 29 Jan 1992 Michael Hicks-Beach 2nd Earl St Aldwyn (age 79) died. His son Michael Henry Hicks-Beach 3rd Earl St Aldwyn (age 42) succeeded 3rd Earl St Aldwyn of Coln St Aldwyn in Gloucestershire, 11th Baronet Hicks-Beach of Beverston in Gloucestershire.