On this Day in History ... 29th January

29 Jan is in January.

1121 Marriage of King Henry I and Adeliza of Louvain

1536 Death of Catherine of Aragon

1536 Funeral of Catherine of Aragon

1536 Anne Boleyn's Miscarriage

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion

1649 Execution of Charles I

1820 Death of King George III

1906 King Christian IX of Denmark Dies

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 29th January

Florence of Worcester Continuation. 29 Jan 1121. On the fourth of the calends of February the maiden (age 18) already mentioned as selected for queen was married to the king (age 53) by William, bishop of Winchester, at the command of Ralph, archbishop of Canterbury; and on the following day, the third of the calends of February (30th January), she was consecrated and crowned as queen by the archbishop in person.

Note. Some sources say 24 Jan 1121.

Letters 1536. 29 Jan 1536. Vienna Archives. 282. Chapuys (age 46) to Charles V.

On the day of the interment the Concubine (age 35) had an abortion which seemed to be a male child which she had not borne 3½ months, at which the King has shown great distress. The said concubine (age 35) wished to lay the blame on the Duke of Norfolk (age 63), whom she hates, saying he frightened her by bringing the news of the fall the King had six days before. But it is well known that is not the cause, for it was told her in a way that she should not be alarmed or attach much importance to it. Some think it was owing to her own incapacity to bear children, others to a fear that the King would treat her like the late Queen, especially considering the treatment shown to a lady of the Court, named Mistress Semel [Jane Seymour (age 27)], to whom, as many say, he has lately made great presents. The Princess's gouvernante (age 60), her daughters, and a niece, have been in great sorrow for the said abortion, and have been continually questioning a lady who is very intimate with the Princess whether the said Princess did not know the said news of the abortion, and that she might know that, but they would not for the world that she knew the rest, meaning that there was some fear the King might take another wife.

Calendars. On the same day that the Queen (deceased) was buried this King's concubine (age 35) miscarried of a child, who had the appearance of a nude about three months and a half old, at which miscarriage the King (age 44) has certainly shown great disappointment and sorrow. The concubine (age 35) herself has since attempted to throw all the blame on the duke of Norfolk (age 63), whom she hates, pretending that her mishap was entirely owing to the shock she received when, six days before, he (the Duke) came to announce to her the King's fall from his horse. But the King knows very well that it was not that, for his accident was announced to her in a manner not to create alarm; besides which, when she heard of it, she seemed quite indifferent to it. Upon the whole, the general opinion is that the concubine's miscarriage was entirely owing to defective constitution, and her utter inability to bear male children; whilst others imagine that the fear of the King treating her as he treated his late Queen, which is not unlikely, considering his behaviour towards a damsel of the Court, named Miss Seymour (age 27), to whom he has latterly made very valuable presents-is the oral cause of it all. The Princess' governess, her daughters, and a niece of hers, have greatly mourned over the concubines miscarriage, never ceasing to interrogate one of the Princess' most familiar maids in waiting on the subject, and asking whether their mistress had been informed of Anne's miscarriage, for if she had, as was most likely, they still would not for the world that she knew the rest of the affair and its causes, thereby intending to say that there was fear of the King's taking another wife.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1536. 29 Jan 1536. This yeare also, three daies before Candlemasd, Queene Anne (age 35) was brought a bedd and delivered of a man chield, as it was said, afore her tyme, for she said that she had reckoned herself at that tyme but fiftene weekes gonne with chield; it was said she tooke a fright, for the King ranne that time at the ring and had a fall from his horse, but he had no hurt; and she tooke such a fright withall that it caused her to fall in travailee, and so was delivered afore her full tyme, which was a great discompfort to all this realme.f

Note d. As Candlemas Day is the 2nd of February, our Author must have calculated three full days, exclusive of the 29th January, 1536.

Note e. Another account is that her miscarriage was occasioned by the shock which she received upon discovering that Henry VIII had transferred his affections to Jane Seymour (age 27).

Note f. Her miscarriage was thought to have made an ill impression on the King's mind, who from thence concluded that this marriage was displeasing to God. Burnet, i. p. 196.

Life of Anne Boleyn by Lancelot du Carle. On the same day as Queen Catherine’s burial, the 29th of January 1536, Queen Anne Boleyn (age 35) miscarried a male child of around three months.

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The History of the Reformation Volume 1 Book III. [29 Jan 1536.] This was the last public good act of this unfortunate queen (age 35); who, the nearer she drew to her end, grew more full of good works. She had distributed in the last nine months of her life between fourteen and fifteen thousand pounds to the poor, and was designing great and public good things. And by all appearance, if she had lived, the money that was raised by the suppression of religious houses had been better employed than it was. In January, she brought forth a dead son. This was thought to have made ill impressions on the king; and that, as he concluded from the death of his sons by the former queen, that the marriage was displeasing to God; so he might, upon this misfortune, begin to make the like judgment of this marriage. Sure enough the popish party were earnestly set against the queen, looking on her as a great supporter of heresy. And at that time Fox (age 40), then bishop of Hereford, was in Germany, at Smalcald, treating a league with the protestant princes, who [?]sisted much, on the Ausburg Confession. There were many conferences between Fox and doctor [?]arnes, and some others, with the Lutheran divines, for accommodating the differences between them; and the thing was in a good forwardness: all which was imputed to the queen. Gardiner was then ambassador in France, and wrote earnestly to the king, to dissuade him from entering into any religious league with these princes; for that would alienate all the world from him, and dispose his own subjects to rebel. The king thought the German princes and divines should have submitted all things to his judgment; and had such an opinion of his own learning, and was so puffed up with the flattering raises that he daily heard, that he grew impatient of any opposition, and thought that his dictates should pass for oracles. And because the Germans would not receive them so, his mind was alienated from them.

Annales of England by John Stow. 29 Jan 1536. The twentie nine of Januarie, Queene Anne (age 35) was delivered of a man Childe before her time, which was borne deade.

Hall's Chronicle 1536. Feb 15361. And in February following was Queen Anne brought a bed of a child before her time, brought a bed of a child which was borne dead.

Note. Hall has the date wrong here - the miscarriage occurred on the 29th of January, the same day as Catherine of Aragon's funeral.

Letters 1536. 29 Jan 1536. Vienna Archives. 200. Chapuys (age 46) to Granvelle.

Cannot thank him sufficiently for his kindness, which quite overwhelms him As he writes to the Emperor, thinks the enterprise extremely difficult and almost impossible; yet persons who understand matters better than himself think it would not be difficult, for the whole people cries after the Emperor. Many suspect that if the Queen died by poison it was Gregory di Casale who sent it by a kinsman, of Modena, named Gorron, who came hither in haste, and by what he told me the night before he returned, he had come to obtain letters in behalf of the Prothonotary Casale. He said the King and Cromwell would speak to me about it, but they have not done so. Those who suspect this say the said Gregory must have earned somehow the 8 ducats a day the King gave him, and to get a slow poison which should leave no trace, they had sent for him (lavoyent envoye querre la), which Chapuys cannot easily believe, as there would be too great danger of its being made known. London, 29 Jan. 1535.

Letters 1536. 29 Jan 1536. Vienna Archives. 199. Chapuys (age 46) to Charles V.

Some days ago I was informed from various quarters, which I did not think very good authorities, that notwithstanding the joy shown by the concubine (age 35) at the news of the good Queen's death, for which she had given a handsome present to the messenger, she had frequently wept, fearing that they might do with her as with the good Queen. This morning I have heard from the lady (age 33) mentioned in my letters of the 5th November1, and from her husband (age 40), that they were informed by one of the principal persons at Court that this King had said to some one in great confidence, and as it were in confession, that he had made this marriage, seduced by witchcraft, and for this reason he considered it null; and that this was evident because God did not permit them to have any male issue, and that he believed that he might take another wife, which he gave to understand that he had some wish to do. The thing is very difficult for me to believe, although it comes from a good source. I will watch to see if there are any indications of its probability. Yet I have not forborne to give some little hint of it by a third hand to the Princess' gouvernante (age 60), so as to warn her to treat the Princess a little better; and I have advised the latter to be as familiar as possible with her gouvernante (age 60) so as to make her feel that when the Princess comes to her estate she will not regard her with disfavor.

Note 1. The Marchioness of Exeter (age 33). See Vol. IX., No. 776.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1536. 29 Jan 1536. She was buried at Peterborowe [Map]c the 29th daie of Januarie, being Saturdaie.

Note c. In the Abbey Church, which Henry VIII afterwards converted into a Cathedral. The circular letter addressed by the King to many persons of quality, requiring their attendance in the conveyance of the corpse from Kimbolton to Peterborough, will be found in MS. Harleian. 540, fol 52b.

On 29 Jan 1536 Catherine of Aragon (deceased) was buried at Peterborough Cathedral [Map] at a service for a Princess rather than Queen.

Bishop John Hilsey preached, alleging that, in the hour of death, she had acknowledged that she had never been Queen of England.

Eleanor Brandon Countess Cumberland (age 17) was Chief Mourner. Henry VIII (age 44) refused their daughter Mary (age 19) permission to attend. On the same day Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 35) miscarried a child.

William Harvey (age 26) attended; the only officer of arms to do so.

Letters 1536. Vienna Archives. 284. Death and Burial of Katharine of Arragon.

The good Queen (deceased) died in a few days, of God knows what illness, on Friday, 7 Jan. 1536. Next day her body was taken into the Privy Chamber and placed under the canopy of State (sous le dhoussier et drapt destat), where it rested seven days, without any other solemnity than four flambeaux continually burning. During this time a leaden coffin was prepared, in which the body was enclosed on Saturday, the 15th, and borne to the chapel. The vigils of the dead were said the same day, and next day one mass and no more, without any other light than six torches of rosin. On Sunday, the 16th, the body was removed again into the Privy Chamber, where it remained till Saturday following. Meanwhile an "estalage," which we call a chapelle ardente, was arranged, with 56 wax candles in all, and the house hung with two breadths of the lesser frieze of the country. On Saturday, the 22nd, it was again brought to the chapel, and remained until the masses of Thursday following, during which time solemn masses were said in the manner of the country, at which there assisted by turns as principals the Duchess of Suffolk (age 16), the Countess of Worcester (age 34), the young Countess of Oxford (age 18), the Countess of Surrey (age 19), and Baronesses Howard (age 21), Willoughby (age 24), Bray, and Gascon (sic).

25 Jan 1536. On Tuesday1 following, as they were beginning mass, four banners of crimson taffeta were brought, two of which bore the arms of the Queen, one those of England, with three "lambeaulx blancs," which they say are of Prince Arthur; the fourth had the two, viz., of Spain and England, together. There were also four great golden [standards]. On one was painted the Trinity, on the second Our Lady, on the third St. Katharine, and on the fourth St. George; and by the side of these representations the said arms were depicted in the above order; and in like manner the said arms were simply, and without gilding (? dourance), painted and set over all the house, and above them a simple crown, distinguished from that of the kingdom which is closed. On Wednesday after the robes of the Queen's 10 ladies were completed, who had not till then made any mourning, except with kerchiefs on their heads and old robes. This day, at dinner, the countess of Surrey held state, who at the vigils after dinner was chief mourner. On Thursday, after mass, which was no less solemn than the vigils of the day before, the body was carried from the chapel and put on a waggon, to be conveyed not to one of the convents of the Observant Friars, as the Queen had desired before her death, but at the pleasure of the King, her husband, to the Benedictine Abbey of Peterborough, and they departed in the following order:—First, 16 priests or clergymen in surplices went on horseback, without saying a word, having a gilded laten cross borne before them; after them several gentlemen, of whom there were only two of the house, "et le demeurant estoient tous emprouvez," and after them followed the maître d'hotel and chamberlain, with their rods of office in their hands; and, to keep them in order, went by their sides 9 or 10 heralds, with mourning hoods and wearing their coats of arms; after them followed 50 servants of the aforesaid gentlemen, bearing torches and "bâtons allumés," which lasted but a short time, and in the middle of them was drawn a waggon, upon which the body was drawn by six horses all covered with black cloth to the ground. The said waggon was covered with black velvet, in the midst of which was a great silver cross; and within, as one looked upon the corpse, was stretched a cloth of gold frieze with a cross of crimson velvet, and before and behind the said waggon stood two gentlemen ushers with mourning hoods looking into the waggon, round which the said four banners were carried by four heralds and the standards with the representations by four gentlemen. Then followed seven ladies, as chief mourners, upon hackneys, that of the first being harnessed with black velvet and the others with black cloth. After which ladies followed the waggon of the Queen's gentlemen; and after them, on hackneys, came nine ladies, wives of knights. Then followed the waggon of the Queen's chambermaids; then her maids to the number of 36, and in their wake followed certain servants on horseback.

In this order the royal corpse was conducted for nine miles of the country, i.e., three French leagues, as far as the abbey of Sautry [Map], where the abbot and his monks received it and placed it under a canopy in the choir of the church, under an "estalage" prepared for it, which contained 408 candles, which burned during the vigils that day and next day at mass. Next day a solemn mass was chanted in the said abbey of Sautry [Map], by the Bishop of Ely, during which in the middle of the church 48 torches of rosin were carried by as many poor men, with mourning hoods and garments. After mass the body was borne in the same order to the abbey of Peterborough, where at the door of the church it was honorably received by the bishops of Lincoln, Ely, and Rochester, the Abbot of the place, and the abbots of Ramsey, Crolain (Crowland), Tournan (Thorney), Walden and Thaem (Tame), who, wearing their mitres and hoods, accompanied it in procession till it was placed under the chapelle ardente which was prepared for it there, upon eight pillars of beautiful fashion and roundness, upon which were placed about 1,000 candles, both little and middle-sized, and round about the said chapel 18 banners waved, of which one bore the arms of the Emperor, a second those of England, with those of the King's mother, prince Arthur, the Queen of Portugal, sister of the deceased, Spain, Arragon, and Sicily, and those of Spain and England with three "lambeaulx," those of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, who married the daughter of Peter the Cruel, viz., "le joux des beufz," the bundle of Abbot of arrows, the pomegranate (granade), the lion and the greyhound. Likewise there were a great number of little pennons, in which were portrayed the devices of king Ferdinand, father of the deceased, and of herself; and round about the said chapel, in great gold letters was written, as the device of the said good lady, "Humble et loyale." Solemn vigils were said that day, and on the morrow the three masses by three bishops: the first by the Bishop of Rochester, with the Abbot of Thame as deacon, and the Abbot of Walden as sub-deacon; the second by the Bishop of Ely, with the Abbot of Tournay (Thorney) as deacon, and the Abbot of Peterborough as sub-deacon; the third by the Bishop of  Lincoln (age 63), with the Bishop of Llandaff as deacon, and that of Ely as sub-deacon; the other bishops and abbots aforesaid assisting at the said masses in their pontificals, so the ceremony was very sumptuous. The chief mourner was lady Eleanor (age 17), daughter of the Duke of Suffolk (age 52) and the French Queen, and niece of King Henry, widower now of the said good Queen. She was conducted to the offering by the Comptroller and Mr. Gust (Gostwick), new receiver of the moneys the King takes from the Church. Immediately after the offering was completed the Bishop of Rochester preached the same as all the preachers of England for two years have not ceased to preach, viz., against the power of the Pope, whom they call Bishop of Rome, and against the marriage of the said good Queen and the King, alleging against all truth that in the hour of death she acknowledged she had not been Queen of England. I say against all truth, because at that hour she ordered a writing to be made in her name addressed to the King as her husband, and to the ambassador of the Emperor, her nephew, which she signed with these words—Katharine, Queen of England—commending her ladies and servants to the favor of the said ambassador. At the end of the mass all the mourning ladies offered in the hands of the heralds each three ells in three pieces of cloth of gold which were upon the body, and of this "accoutrements" will be made for the chapel where the annual service will be performed for her. After the mass the body was buried in a grave at the lowest step of the high altar, over which they put a simple black cloth. In this manner was celebrated the funeral of her who for 27 years has been true Queen of England, whose holy soul, as every one must believe, is in eternal rest, after worldly misery borne by her with such patience that there is little need to pray God for her; to whom, nevertheless, we ought incessantly to address prayers for the weal (salut) of her living image whom she has left to us, the most virtuous Princess her daughter, that He may comfort her in her great and infinite adversities, and give her a husband to his pleasure, &c. Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 6.

Note 1. This would be Tuesday, 1 Feb., if the chronology were strict; but the latest Tuesday that can be intended is 25 Jan.

Letters 1536. 10 Feb 1536. Vienna Archives. 282. Chapuys (age 46) to Charles V.

Wrote on the 29th ult. The same day the Queen (deceased) was buried, and besides the ladies whom I mentioned, there were present four bishops and as many abbots, but no other man of mark except the comptroller of the King's Household. The place where she is buried in the church is far removed from the high altar, and much less honorable than that of certain bishops buried there; and even if they had not taken her for princess dowager as they have done in death and life, but only as simple baroness, they could not have given her a less honorable place, as I am told by men acquainted with those matters. Such are the great miracles and incredible magnificence which they gave me to understand they would put forth in honor of her memory as due alike to her great virtues and to her kindred. Possibly they will repair the fault by making a becoming monument in some suitable place.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 29 Jan 1554. The xxix day of January master Wyatt (age 33), master Harper, master Rudston (age 39), master Knevett (age 37), and the commons, commyng [marched to] Blake-heth [Map], and so forward toward London with [a great] army commyng.

On 29 Jan 1584 Frederick Henry Orange Nassau II Prince Orange was born to William "The Silent" Orange Nassau I Prince Orange (age 50) and Louise Coligny Princess Orange.

On 29 Jan 1601 Louise Lorraine Queen Consort France (age 47) died at the Château de Moulins.

On 29 Jan 1649. In Echard's England (vol. ii, p. 639, edit. 1718) it is stated that early in the rebellion King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 48) confided to Elizabeth Cole Lady Wheler, his former laundres, a casket, which she restored to him the night before his execution.

Pepy's Diary. 29 Jan 1664. Up, and after shaving myself (wherein twice now, one after another, I have cut myself much, but I think it is from the bluntness of the razor) there came Deane (age 30) to me and staid with me a while talking about masts, wherein he prepared me in several things against Mr. Wood, and also about Sir W. Petty's (age 40) boat, which he says must needs prove a folly, though I do not think so unless it be that the King (age 33) will not have it encouraged.

Pepy's Diary. 29 Jan 1666. Thither I went with Mr. Evelyn (age 45) (whom I met) in his coach going that way, but finding my company gone, but my Lord Bruncker (age 46) left his coach for me; so Mr. Evelyn (age 45) and I into my Lord's coach, and rode together with excellent discourse till we come to Clapham, Surrey, talking of the vanity and vices of the Court, which makes it a most contemptible thing; and indeed in all his discourse I find him a most worthy person. Particularly he entertained me with discourse of an Infirmary, which he hath projected for the sick and wounded seamen against the next year, which I mightily approve of; and will endeavour to promote it, being a worthy thing, and of use, and will save money.

Pepy's Diary. 29 Jan 1666. He set me down at Mr. Gawden's, where nobody yet come home, I having left him and his sons and Creed at Court, so I took a book and into the gardens, and there walked and read till darke with great pleasure, and then in and in comes Osborne, and he and I to talk of Mr. Jaggard, who comes from London, and great hopes there is of a decrease this week also of the plague. Anon comes in Creed, and after that Mr. Gawden and his sons, and then they bringing in three ladies, who were in the house, but I do not know them, his daughter and two nieces, daughters of Dr. Whistler's, with whom and Creed mighty sport at supper, the ladies very pretty and mirthfull. I perceive they know Creed's gut and stomach as well as I, and made as much mirthe as I with it at supper.

Evelyn's Diary. 29 Jan 1666. The Court was now in deep mourning for the French Queen-Mother (deceased).

Evelyn's Diary. 29 Jan 1683. Supped at Sir Joseph Williamson's (age 49), where was a select company of our Society, Sir William Petty (age 59), Dr. Gale (age 48) (that learned schoolmaster of St. Paul's), Dr. Whistler, Mr. Hill, etc. The conversation was philosophical and cheerful, on divers considerable questions proposed; as of the hereditary succession of the Roman Emperors; the Pica mentioned in the preface to our Common Prayer, which signifies only the Greek Kalendarium. These were mixed with lighter subjects.

Evelyn's Diary. 29 Jan 1689. The votes of the House of Commons being carried up by Mr. Hampden (age 36), their chairman, to the Lords, I got a station by the Prince's (age 55) lodgings at the door of the lobby to the House, and heard much of the debate, which lasted very long. Lord Derby (age 34) was in the chair (for the House was resolved into a grand committee of the whole House); after all had spoken, it came to the question, which was carried by three voices against a Regency, which 51 were for, 54 against; the minority alleging the danger of dethroning Kings, and scrupling many passages and expressions in the vote of the Commons, too long to set down particularly. Some were for sending to his Majesty with conditions: others that the King (age 55) could do no wrong, and that the maladministration was chargeable on his ministers. There were not more than eight or nine bishops, and but two against the Regency; the archbishop (age 71) was absent, and the clergy now began to change their note, both in pulpit and discourse, on their old passive obedience, so as people began to talk of the bishops being cast out of the House. In short, things tended to dissatisfaction on both sides; add to this, the morose temper of the Prince of Orange (age 38), who showed little countenance to the noblemen and others, who expected a more gracious and cheerful reception when they made their court. The English army also was not so in order, and firm to his interest, nor so weakened but that it might give interruption. Ireland was in an ill posture as well as Scotland. Nothing was yet done toward a settlement. God of his infinite mercy compose these things, that we may be at last a Nation and a Church under some fixed and sober establishment!

On 29 Jan 1749 Christian VII King Denmark and Norway was born to Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 25) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 24). He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 29 Jan 1820 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 81) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. His reign the third longest after Victoria and Elizabeth II. His son King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 57) succeeded IV King Great Britain and Ireland. Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England (age 51) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 29 Jan 1847 John William Maule Ramsay 13th Earl Dalhousie was born.

On 29 Jan 1859 Virginie Amélie Avegno "Madame Gautreau" was born to Anatole Placide Avegno (age 23) at New Orléans.

On 29 Jan 1906 King Christian IX of Denmark (age 87) died. His son Frederick VIII King Denmark (age 62) succeeded VIII King Denmark. Louise of Sweden Queen Consort Denmark (age 54) by marriage Queen Consort Denmark.

Births on the 29th January

On 29 Jan 1451 John Aviz was born to Alfonso "The African" V King Portugal (age 19) and Isabella Aviz Queen Consort Portugal (age 19). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 7.45%.

On 29 Jan 1563 William Slingsby was born to Francis Slingsby of Scriven (age 41) and Mary Percy (age 31).

On 29 Jan 1584 Frederick Henry Orange Nassau II Prince Orange was born to William "The Silent" Orange Nassau I Prince Orange (age 50) and Louise Coligny Princess Orange.

On or before 29 Jan 1592 John Burgoyne 1st Baronet was born to Roger Burgoyne of Sutton in Bedfordshire and Margaret Wendy. he was baptised on 29 Jan 1592 at All Saints Church, Haslingfield [Map].

On or before 29 Jan 1644, the date she was baptised, Philadelphia Lennard was born to Francis Lennard 14th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 24) and Elizabeth Bayning Baroness Dacre Gilsland.

On or before 29 Jan 1657 John Chaplin was born to Francis Chaplin (age 30) and Anne Huett.

On 29 Jan 1693 Henry Herbert 6th Earl Montgomery 9th Earl Pembroke was born to Thomas Herbert 8th Earl Pembroke 5th Earl Montgomery (age 37) and Margaret Sawyer Countess Pembroke and Montgomery.

On 29 Jan 1694 William Middleton was born to James Job Middleton (age 31).

On 29 Jan 1708 Benjamin Kemp 7th Baronet was born to Robert Kemp 3rd Baronet (age 40) and Elizabeth Brand.

On 29 Jan 1717 Jeffrey Amherst 1st Baron Amherst was born to Jeffrey Amherst (age 40).

After 29 Jan 1743 Charles Egleton aka Kent 1st Baronet was born to Charles Egleton and Sarah Kent (age 34).

On 29 Jan 1745 Bennet Wallop was born to John Wallop Viscount Lymington (age 26) and Catherine Conduit.

On 29 Jan 1749 Christian VII King Denmark and Norway was born to Frederick V King Denmark and Norway (age 25) and Louise Hanover Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 24). He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 29 Jan 1754 David Pike Watts was born.

On 29 Jan 1783 Rachel Ives Drake Baroness Boston was born.

On 29 Jan 1788 Thomas Joseph Clifton was born to John Clifton (age 24) and Elizabeth Widdrington Riddell (age 18).

On 29 Jan 1794 George Fitzclarence 1st Earl Munster was born illegitimately to King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 28) and Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan" (age 32).

On 29 Jan 1798 Patrick Bellew 1st Baron Bellew was born to Edward Bellew 6th Baronet (age 38).

On 29 Jan 1801 Horatia Nelson was born illegitimately to Horatio Nelson 1st Viscount Nelson (age 42) and Amy "Emma Hart Lady Hamilton" Lyon (age 35).

On 29 Jan 1803 Anselm Salomon von Rothschild was born to Salomon Mayer von Rothschild (age 28).

On 29 Jan 1805 Mary Walker was born.

On 29 Jan 1810 William Edmonstone 4th Baronet was born to Charles Edmonstone 2nd Baronet (age 46) and Louisa Hotham October (age 31).

On 29 Jan 1825 María Francisca "Paca" Palafox Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick Duchess Alba was born to Cipriano de Palafox 8th Count of Montijo (age 40) at Granada.

On 29 Jan 1838 Major Loftus Lewis Astley Cooper was born to Astley Paston Cooper 2nd Baronet (age 40) and Elizabeth Harriet Rickford Lady Cooper (age 35).

On 29 Jan 1847 John William Maule Ramsay 13th Earl Dalhousie was born.

On 29 Jan 1859 Virginie Amélie Avegno "Madame Gautreau" was born to Anatole Placide Avegno (age 23) at New Orléans.

On 29 Jan 1860 Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet was born to Thomas Charles Robertson and Ann Dexter Beet.

On 29 Jan 1864 Lionel Beresford Bethell was born to Slingsby Bethell (age 32).

On 29 Jan 1885 Major Henry Anthony Birkbeck was born to Henry Birkbeck (age 31).

On 29 Jan 1887 August Wilhelm Hohenzollern was born to Wilhelm Hohenzollern (age 28) and Empress Auguste Viktoria Oldenburg (age 28). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 29 Jan 1920 Richard Stanley was born to Edward Montagu Cavendish Stanley (age 25) and Sibyl Louise Beatrix Cadogan (age 27).

On 29 Jan 1931 William Alfred Douglas was born to Gavin William Douglas (age 25) and Agnes Salkeld.

Marriages on the 29th January

Florence of Worcester Continuation. 29 Jan 1121. On the fourth of the calends of February the maiden (age 18) already mentioned as selected for queen was married to the king (age 53) by William, bishop of Winchester, at the command of Ralph, archbishop of Canterbury; and on the following day, the third of the calends of February (30th January), she was consecrated and crowned as queen by the archbishop in person.

Note. Some sources say 24 Jan 1121.

On 29 Jan 1254 Hugh Lusignan XII Count Lusignan VII Count La Marche III Count Angoulême (age 19) and Jeanne Fougères Countess Lusignan Countess La Marche and Angoulême were married. She by marriage Countess Lusignan, Countess La Marche, Countess Angoulême. He the son of Hugh Lusignan XI Count Lusignan VI Count La Marche II Count Angoulême and Yolande Capet Countess Lusignan, La Marche and Angoulême (age 35). He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

Before 29 Jan 1316 Nicholas Moels 2nd Baron Moels (age 26) and Margaret Courtenay Baroness Maynard were married. She by marriage Baroness Moels. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

After 29 Jan 1386 Thomas Mortimer (age 36) and Agnes Poynings Baroness Bardolf were married. He the illegitmate son of Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl March.

Before 29 Jan 1408 Hugh Burnell 2nd Baron Burnell (age 61) and Joan Devereux 3rd Baroness Devereux Baroness Burnell (age 29) were married. She by marriage Baroness Burnell 2C. The difference in their ages was 32 years. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England.

After 29 Jan 1508 Nicholas Vaux 1st Baron Vaux Harrowden (age 48) and Anne Green Baroness Vaux of Harrowden (age 19) were married. The difference in their ages was 29 years.

Before 29 Jan 1530 George Leslie 4th Earl Rothes (age 45) and Isobel Lundie Countess Crawford and Rothes (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Rothes.

Before 29 Jan 1530 George Leslie 4th Earl Rothes (age 45) and Agnes Somerville Countess Rothes (age 32) were married. She by marriage Countess Rothes.

On 29 Jan 1548 Alderman James Altham (age 19) and Elizabeth Blanke (age 20) were married at St Leonard Eastcheap Church [Map].

After 29 Jan 1559 Hugh Paulett (age 50) and Elizabeth Blount (age 44) were married.

Between 02 May 1577 and 29 Jan 1603 Thomas Tasburgh (age 49) and Jane West (age 19) were married.

On 29 Jan 1580 John Stafford (age 24) and Millicent Gresham (age 11) were married.

Before 29 Jan 1657 Francis Chaplin (age 30) and Anne Huett were married.

On 29 Jan 1667 John Wilmot 2nd Earl Rochester (age 19) and Elizabeth Malet Countess Rochester (age 16) were married at Knightsbridge Chapel. She by marriage Countess Rochester. They having eloped and married against her families wishes. Two years previously he had abducted her for which he spent three weeks in prison. Her father being dead it isn't clear whose ward she was. He the son of Henry Wilmot 1st Earl Rochester and Anne St John Countess Rochester (age 52).

On 29 Jan 1671 Devereux Knightley (age 53) and Elizabeth Crewe were married.

On 29 Jan 1702 James Grant 6th Baronet (age 22) and Anne Colquhoun were married.

On 29 Jan 1743 Charles Egleton and Sarah Kent (age 34) were married.

On 29 Jan 1756 Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton (age 20) and Anne Liddell Duchess Grafton (age 19) were married. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 29 Jan 1778 John Custance (age 28) and Frances Beauchamp-Proctor (age 19) were married.

Before 29 Jan 1788 John Clifton (age 24) and Elizabeth Widdrington Riddell (age 18) were married. They were half third cousin once removed.

On 29 Jan 1789 Christopher Willoughby 1st Baronet (age 40) and Martha Evans Lady Willoughby (age 21) were married.

On 29 Jan 1790 Edward Jervis Ricketts aka Jervis 2nd Viscount St Vincent (age 22) and Mary Cassandra Twisleton (age 15) were married.

On 29 Jan 1793 Gaetano Fedele Polidori (age 30) and Anna Maria Pierce of Middlesex (age 19) were married.

On 29 Jan 1805 William Boothby 8th Baronet (age 22) and Frances Jenkinson Lady Boothby were married.

On 29 Jan 1811 Jesse Watts-Russell (age 24) and Mary Watts (age 19) were married. She the heiress of a welthy wine merchant.

On 29 Jan 1822 Thomas Taylour 2nd Marquess of Headfort (age 34) and Olivia Stevenson were married. He the son of Thomas Taylour 1st Marquess of Headfort (age 64) and Mary Quin Marchioness of Headfort.

On 29 Jan 1839 Charles Darwin (age 29) and Emma Wedgwood (age 30) were married. They were first cousins.

On 29 Jan 1850 Charles Bennet 6th Earl Tankerville (age 40) and Olivia Montagu Countess Tankerville (age 19) were married at Kimbolton Castle [Map]. The difference in their ages was 20 years. She the daughter of George Montagu 6th Duke Manchester (age 50) and Millicent Sparrow Duchess Manchester. He the son of Charles Augustus Bennet 5th Earl Tankerville (age 73) and Corisande Armandine Sophie Léonie Hélène Gramont Countess Tankerville (age 67).

On 29 Jan 1852 Cornwallis Ricketts 2nd Baronet (age 49) and Caroline Augusta Pelham-Clinton (age 42) were married. She the daughter of Henry Pelham-Clinton 4th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme and Georgiana Elizabeth Miller Mundy Duchess Newcastle under Lyne. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 29 Jan 1853 Frederick Lamb 3rd Viscount Melbourne (age 70) and Alexandrina Julia Gräfin von Maltzan were married.

On 29 Jan 1864 Edwyn Sherard Burnaby (age 33) and Louisa Julia Mary Dixie (age 21) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square.

On 29 Jan 1919 Michael Knatchbull 5th Baron Brabourne (age 23) and Doreen Browne Baroness Brabourne (age 22) were married at St Peter's Church, Eaton Square. She by marriage Baroness Bradbourne.

On 29 Jan 1970 Edward Foljambe 5th Earl of Liverpool (age 25) and Juliana Noel Countess Liverpool (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess Liverpool. She the daughter of Anthony Gerard Edward Noel 5th Earl of Gainsborough (age 46) and Mary Stourton Countess Gainsborough (age 44). She a great x 4 granddaughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

Deaths on the 29th January

On 29 Jan 1291 Joan Chatillon I Countess Blois (age 38) died.

Before 29 Jan 1316 Nicholas Moels 2nd Baron Moels (age 26) died. His brother Roger Moels 3rd Baron Moels (age 26) succeeded 3rd Baron Moels.

On 29 Jan 1319 Anna Wittelsbach (age 1) died.

On 29 Jan 1327 Adolph Count Palatine Rhine (age 26) died.

On , probably, 29 Jan 1344 Oliver Ingham died at Ingham, Norfolk. He was buried at Holy Trinity Church, Ingham where his tomb is extant. Its inscription reads "Mounsier Oliver de Ingham gist icy et Dame Elizabeth sa compagne que luy Dieux de les almes eit mercy [Sir Oliver Ingham lies here and Dame Elizabeth his wife; may God have mercy on their souls].

On 29 Jan 1394 Maud Grey (age 66) died at Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire [Map]\. She was buried at Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire [Map].

On 29 Jan 1451 John Aviz died.

On 29 Jan 1465 Louis Savoy I Count Savoy (age 51) died. His son Amadeus "Happy" Savoy IX Duke Savoy (age 29) succeeded IX Duke Savoy.

On 29 Jan 1487 Margaret Ferrers Baroness Beauchamp Powick (age 74) died. She was buried at Worcester Cathedral [Map].

On 29 Jan 1514 Margaret Scott (age 61) died.

On 29 Jan 1528 John Hardwick (age 33) died.

On 29 Jan 1544 Richard Redman (age 34) died.

On 29 Jan 1559 Thomas Pope (age 52) died at Clerkenwell [Map]. He was buried at St Stephen's Church, Walbrook.

Before 29 Jan 1563 Katherine Dallam died.

On 29 Jan 1566 Thomas Mildmay (age 81) died.

On 29 Jan 1577 Richard Harpur (age 77) died.

On 29 Jan 1601 Louise Lorraine Queen Consort France (age 47) died at the Château de Moulins.

Before 29 Jan 1603 Thomas Tasburgh (age 49) died.

On 29 Jan 1608 Frederick Württemberg I Duke Württemberg (age 50) died.

On 29 Jan 1609 John Bowes (age 65) died at Elford, Staffordshire.

Before 29 Jan 1613 Christopher Plunkett 8th Baron Killeen (age 49) died. His son Luke Plunkett 1st Earl of Fingall succeeded 9th Baron Killeen.

On 29 Jan 1614 Olivia Beresford (age 23) died.

On 29 Jan 1622 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire (age 42) shot himself with a crossbow at Rycote, Oxfordshire [Map]; probably deliberately.

On 31 Jan 1622 Francis Norreys 1st Earl Berkshire (age 42) died of the wounds he had received two days earlier. He was buried at Dorchester on Thames, Oxfordshire [Map]. His daughter Elizabeth Norreys 3rd Baroness Norreys Rycote (age 19) succeeded 3rd Baroness Norreys Rycote. Earl Berkshire and Viscount Thame extinct.

On 29 Jan 1628 John Pickering (age 43) died at Titchmarsh, Northamptonshire.

On or before 29 Jan 1633 Mary Bellingham (age 23) died. She was buried on 29 Jan 1633.

On 29 Jan 1649 John Coke (age 58) died.

On 29 Jan 1663 Bishop Robert Sanderson (age 75) died.

On 29 Jan 1663 Bishop Robert Saunderson (age 76) died.

On 29 Jan 1691 John Knightley died.

On 29 Jan 1692 Elizabeth Mynne (age 63) died.

On or before 29 Jan 1716 Joseph 3rd Baronet (age 51) died at Bath, Somerset [Map]. He was buried at Long Ditton, Surrey on 29 Jan 1716. His son Joseph Alston 4th Baronet (age 24) succeeded 4th Baronet Alston of Chelsea.

On 29 Jan 1733 Henry Godolphin (age 84) died at Windsor [Map]. He was buried at Eton College Chapel [Map].

On 29 Jan 1735 George Granville 1st Baron Lansdowne (age 68) died. He was buried at St Clement Danes Church [Map].

On 29 Jan 1738 William Townshend (age 36) died.

On 29 Jan 1739 Elizabeth Lee (age 45) died.

On 29 Jan 1740 Richard Lumley 2nd Earl Scarborough (age 53) committed suicide by shooting himself through the roof of the mouth possibly as a result of his having told the Dowager Duchess of Manchester (age 34), who he had intended to marry the following day, a state secret which she then shared with her grandmother Sarah Jennings Duchess of Marlborough (age 79) who shared it with William Pulteney 1st Earl Bath (age 55) who shared it with everyone else. On 29 Jan 1740 His brother Thomas Lumley-Saunderson 3rd Earl Scarborough (age 49) succeeded 3rd Earl Scarborough, 4th Viscount Lumley. Frances Hamilton Countess Scarborough by marriage Countess Scarborough. He left his estates to his youngest brother James Lumley (age 34).

On 29 Jan 1761 Frances Lee (age 40) died.

Before 29 Jan 1789 Juliana Burvill (age 34) died.

On 29 Jan 1806 Eleanor Foote (age 35) died.

On 29 Jan 1812 Urania Fellowes (age 70) died.

On 29 Jan 1812 John Knightley 1st Baronet (age 65) died. His nephew Charles Knightley 2nd Baronet (age 30) succeeded 2nd Baronet Knightley of Fawsley.

On 29 Jan 1816 Elizabeth Laura Waldegrave Countess Waldegrave (age 55) died.

On 29 Jan 1819 Henry tempest 4th Baronet (age 66) died without issue. Baronet Tempest of Tong in Yorkshire extinct.

On 29 Jan 1819 Isabella Stanhope Countess Sefton (age 71) died.

On 29 Jan 1820 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 81) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. His reign the third longest after Victoria and Elizabeth II. His son King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 57) succeeded IV King Great Britain and Ireland. Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England (age 51) by marriage Queen Consort England.

On 29 Jan 1822 Frances Charlotte Bedingfield (age 25) died.

On 29 Jan 1824 Louise Stolberg Gedern (age 71) died at Florence, Italy.

On 29 Jan 1826 Mary Mackenzie died.

On 29 Jan 1835 Margaret King Baroness Monthermer (age 62) died.

On 29 Jan 1844 Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 60) died. His son Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha II Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 25) succeeded II Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha. Princess Alexandrine of Baden (age 23) by marriage Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha.

On 29 Jan 1851 Henry Thomas Howard (age 42) died.

On 29 Jan 1855 Mary Evetts (age 75) died.

On 29 Jan 1863 Colonel John Mansel (age 86) died.

On 29 Jan 1870 Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany (age 72) died.

On 29 Jan 1874 Salome Davies died.

On 29 Jan 1882 Thomas Wathen Phipps Waller 2nd Baronet (age 76) died. His son George Henry Waller 3rd Baronet (age 44) succeeded 3rd Baronet Waller of Braywick Lodge in Berkshire. Beatrice Katherine Frances Tower Lady Waller (age 36) by marriage Lady Waller of Braywick Lodge in Berkshire.

On 29 Jan 1898 Sackville Arthur Gascoyne-Cecil (age 49) died.

On 29 Jan 1899 Arabella Georgiana Hastings died.

On 29 Jan 1906 King Christian IX of Denmark (age 87) died. His son Frederick VIII King Denmark (age 62) succeeded VIII King Denmark. Louise of Sweden Queen Consort Denmark (age 54) by marriage Queen Consort Denmark.

On 29 Jan 1912 Alexander Duff 1st Duke Fife (age 62) died. His daughter Princess Alexandra Duff Duchess Fife (age 20) succeeded 2nd Duchess Fife.

On 29 Jan 1919 Lionel Tollemache (age 80) died.

On 29 Jan 1934 Margaret Percy (age 60) died.

On 29 Jan 1944 Winifred Gertrude Sandys (age 73) died.

On 29 Jan 1957 Louis Montague Cradock-Hartopp (age 72) died.

On 29 Jan 1962 Alexander Murray 8th Earl of Dunmore (age 90) died. He was cremated at Golders Green Cemetery.

On 29 Jan 1963 Brigadier-General Berkeley Vincent (age 91) died.

On 29 Jan 1965 Gladys Moore Vanderbilt Countess Széchenyi (age 78) died.

On 29 Jan 1967 Mabel Coke (age 72) died.

On 29 Jan 1970 Thelma Morgan Viscountess Furness (age 65) died.

On 29 Jan 1984 Ronald Horace Brooke-Pechell 9th Baronet (age 65) died. Baronet Brooke-Pechell of Paglesham in Essex extinct.

On 29 Jan 1987 Eva Isabel Countess Rosebery (age 94) died and Constance Mary Beckett Baroness Aberdare.

Quand le Royne eut la nouvella entenduéWhen the Queen heard the news
Peu s'en failloit que ne cheut estanduéshe nearly fainted from distress,
Morte d'ennui tant que fort offensedying of sorrow, greatly afflicted,
Son ventre plein et le fruict advançaher belly full, the child advanced
Et enfanta une beau filz avant termeand a beautiful son before the due date
Qui nasquit mort dont versa mainte larmewho was born dead, causing many tears to flow.