On this Day in History ... 29th March

29 Mar is in March.

1461 Battle of Towton

1644 Battle of Cheriton

1661 Charles II Continues to Reward those who Supported His Restoration

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 29th March

On 29 Mar 1058 Pope Stephen IX (age 38) died.

Hall's Chronicle 1461. 29 Mar 1461. When this conflict was ended at Ferrybridge, the lord Fauconberg, having the forward, because the duke of Norfolk was fallen sick, valiantly upon Palm Sunday in the twilight, set forth his army, and came to Saxton, where he might apparently perceive the host of his adversaries, which were accompted 40,000 men, and thereof advertised king Edward, whose whole army, they that knew it, and paid the wages, affirm to 48,640 persons, which incontinent [ie. quickly] with the earl of Warwick set forward leaving the rereward under the governance of sir John Wenlock, and sir John Dinham and other. And first of all he made proclamation, that no prisoner should be taken, nor one enemy saved. So the same day about nine of the clock, which was the 29th day of March, being Palm Sunday, both the hosts approached in a plain field, between Towton and Saxton. When each part perceived other, they made a great shout, and at the same instant time, their fell a small snyt or snow, which by violence of the wind was driven into the faces of them, which were of king Henry's parte, so that their sight was somewhat blemished and diminished. The lord Fauconberg, which led the forward of king Edward's battle (as before is rehearsed) being a man of great policy, and of much experience in martial feats, caused every archer under his standard, to shot one flight (which before he caused them to provide) and then made them to stand still. The northern men, feeling the shoot, but by reason of the snow, not well viewing the distance between them and their enemies, like hardy men shot their sheaf arrows as fast as they might, but all their shot was lost, and their labour vain for they came not near the Southerners, by forty tailor's yards. When their shot was almost spent, the lord Fauconberg marched forward with his archers, which not only shot their own whole sheaves, but also gathered the arrows of their enemies, and let a great part of them fly against their own masters, and another part they let stand on the ground which sore annoyed the legs of the owners, when the battle joined. The earl of Northumberland, and Andrew Trollope, which were chieftains of king Henries vanguard, seeing their shot not to prevail, hastened forward to join with their enemies: you may be sure the other part northing retarded, but valiantly fought with their enemies. This battle was sore fought, for hope of life was set on side on every part and taking of prisoners was proclaimed as a great offence, by reason whereof every man determined, either to conquer or to die in the field. This deadly battle and bloody conflict, continued, ten hours in doubtful victory. The one parte. some time flowing, and sometime ebbing, but inconclusive, king Edward so courageously comforted his men, refreshing the weary, and helping the wounded, that the other part was discomfited and overcome, and like men amassed, fled toward Tadcaster bridge to save themselves: but in the mean way there is a little brook called Cock, not very broad, but of a great deepness, in the which, what for haste of escaping, and what for fear of followers, a great number were drenched and drowned, in so much that the common people there affirm, that men alive passed the river upon dead carcasses, and that the great river of Wharfe, which is the great sewer of the brook, and of all the water coming from Towton, was coloured with blood. The chase continued all night, and the most part of the next day, and every Northern men, when they saw or perceived any advantage, returned again and fought with their enemies, to the great loss of both partes. For in this three days were slain (as they knew it wrote) on both partes 36,740 persons, all Englishmen and of one nation whereof the chief were the earls of Northumberland, and Westmorland and the lord Dacres the lord Welles, sir John Neville, Andrew Trollope, Robert Home, and many other Knights and Esquires, and the earl of Devonshire taken prisoner, but the dukes of Somerset and Exeter fled from the field and saved themselves. This conflict was in manner unnatural, for in it the son fought against the father, the brother against the brother, the nephew against the uncle, and the tenant against his lord, which slaughter did not only sore debilitate and much weaken the puissance of this realm, considering that these dead men, when they were living had force enough to resist the greatest princes power of all Europe: But also gave a courage to outward enemies and foreign potentates, to invade and make war in this realm, which thing was not unlikely to have ensued, if either Louis the French king had been at this time quiet in his realm, or James king of Scots had been of age and master of him self, yet thanked he God, for although the gate of a conquest were opened, yet it was shut again, or it was espied.

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. Ande the xxix [29] day of the same monythe of Marche, that was þe Palme Sunday, the kyng (age 18) mette with the lordys of the Northe at Schyrborne. And there was on Harrys party that was King-

Prynce Edwarde (age 7), Kyng Harrys son.

The Duke of Exceter (age 30).

The Duke of Somersett (age 25).

The Erle of Northehumberlond (age 39).

The Erle of Devynschyre (age 29).

The lord Roos.

The lord Bemound (age 33).

The lord Clyfforde (deceased).

The lord Nevyle.

The lord Wellys (age 51).

The lord Wylby (age 40).

The lord Harry of Bokyngham.

The lord Rivers (age 56).

The lord Schalys.

The lord Maule (age 50).

The lord Ferys of Groby (age 23).

The lord Foschewe. [Possibly John Fortescue (age 67)]

The lord Lovelle (age 28).

Syr Thomas Hammys, captayne of alle the fote men.

Syr Androwe Thorlloppe.

Syr Thomas Tressam (age 41).

Syr Robert Whytyngham (age 32).

Syr John Dawne.

And the yonge Lord of Schrouysbury (age 12), and many moo othyr, bothe lordys, knyghtys, and squyers.

Here ben the namys of the lordys that were slayne in the felde in King Harrys (age 39) party.

The Erle of Northehumberlond (age 39),

The lord Clyfforde (deceased),

The lord Nevyle (age 51),

The lord Wellys (age 51),

The lord Maules (age 50),

And many moo then I can reherse; but whythe [t]es and othyr that were slayne in the fylde is a grete nombyr, by syde xlij [42] knyghtys that were slayne aftyr; the hoole nombyr is xxxv M1 [35000] of comeners. Jhesu be þou marcyfulle unto her soulys. Amen.

And the lordys before wretyn fledde, the substance in to Schotlond with the King Harry (age 39) and Quene Margarete (age 31), and son the Prynce (age 7) with hym, full of sorowe and hevynys, no wondyr. God knowythe, but every man deme the beste tylle the trought be tryde owte. For many a lady lost her beste be lovyd in that batayle.

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for King Edward IV of England (age 18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.

The Yorkist army was commanded by King Edward IV of England (age 18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 45), William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy (age 45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex (age 57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (age 61).

The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy (age 35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley (age 50), John Bigod (age 28), Robert Cromwell (age 71), Ralph Eure (age 49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 51), John Beaumont (age 33), Thomas Dethick (age 61), Everard Simon Digby, William Plumpton (age 25) and William Welles (age 51) who were killed.

Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland (age 3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) was killed. He was buried at the nearby Saxton church where his chest tomb is extant. Baron Dacre Gilsland extinct.

Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles (age 55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.

The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd or 3rd Duke of Somerset (age 25), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) and Andrew Trollope.

Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30) was attainted after the battle; Duke Exeter, Earl Huntingdon forfeit.

Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (age 46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 60), William Norreys (age 20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey of Richemont (age 43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns (age 30), John Talbot 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde (age 40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde (age 39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22), Henry Roos and Thomas Tresham (age 41). Cardinal John Morton (age 41) were captured.

After 29 Mar 1461 Cardinal John Morton (age 41) escaped to Queen Margaret at France.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck (age 50). Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond in the Masters Lodge St John's College, Oxford University. Commissioned by Bishop John Fisher (age 40). Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck.

On 29 Mar 1629 Maximillian Colt's (age 54) daughter Abigail was buried, at the age of sixteen, in the St. Bartholomew's Church, and his wife, Susan, in 1646. He had another son named Alexander.

On 29 Mar 1644 John Stewart (age 22) was killed during the Battle of Cheriton fighting for the Royalists.

In early 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded of further tranche of those who supported his Restoration ...

On 02 Jan 1661 Henry Bedingfield 1st Baronet (age 46) was created 1st Baronet Bedingfield of Oxburgh in Norfolk.

On 10 Jan 1661 Andrew Rutherford 1st Earl Teviot was created 1st Baron Rutherford with special remainder to his heirs and assignees whatsoever, and that under what provisions, restrictions, and conditions the said Lord Rutherford should think fit.

On 23 Jan 1661 John Cole 1st Baronet (age 41) was created Baronet Cole of Newland.

On 23 Feb 1661 Edward Smythe 1st Baronet (age 41) was created 1st Baronet Smythe.

On 04 Mar 1661 Compton Reade 1st Baronet (age 36) was created 1st Baronet Reade of Barton in Berkshire. Mary Cornwall Lady Reade (age 31) by marriage Lady Reade of Barton in Berkshire.

On 10 Mar 1661 Brian Broughton 1st Baronet (age 42) was created 1st Baronet Broughton of Broughton in Staffordshire.

On 20 Mar 1661 Thomas Rich 1st Baronet (age 60) was created 1st Baronet Rich of Sonning in Berkshire.

On 29 Mar 1661 Robert Cholmondeley 1st Viscount Cholmondeley (age 21) was created 1st Viscount Cholmondeley of Kells in County Meath.

On 30 Mar 1661 James Butler 1st Duke Ormonde (age 50) was created 1st Duke Ormonde by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30). Elizabeth Preston Duchess Ormonde (age 45) by marriage Duchess Ormonde.

On 30 Mar 1661 John Fettiplace 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Fettiplace of Childrey in Berkshire. Anne Wenman Lady Fettiplace (age 31) by marriage Lady Fettiplace of Childrey in Berkshire.

Pepy's Diary. 29 Mar 1664. By and by to dinner, where good cheere, and Sir G. Carteret (age 54) in his humour a very good man, and the most kind father and pleased father in his children that ever I saw. Here is now hung up a picture of my Baroness Carteret (age 62), drawn by Lilly (age 45), a very fine picture, but yet not so good as I have seen of his doing.

Pepy's Diary. 29 Mar 1668. Lord's Day. Up, and I to Church, where I have not been these many weeks before, and there did first find a strange Reader, who could not find in the Service-book the place for churching women, but was fain to change books with the clerke: and then a stranger preached, a seeming able man; but said in his pulpit that God did a greater work in raising of an oake-tree from an akehorne, than a man's body raising it, at the last day, from his dust (shewing the possibility of the Resurrection): which was, methought, a strange saying. At home to dinner, whither comes and dines with me W. Howe, and by invitation Mr. Harris (age 34) and Mr. Banister (age 38), most extraordinary company both, the latter for musique of all sorts, the former for everything: here we sang, and Banister (age 38) played on the theorbo, and afterwards Banister (age 38) played on his flageolet, and I had very good discourse with him about musique, so confirming some of my new notions about musique that it puts me upon a resolution to go on and make a scheme and theory of musique not yet ever made in the world. Harris (age 34) do so commend my wife's picture of Mr. Hales's (age 68), that I shall have him draw Harris's (age 34) head; and he hath also persuaded me to have Cooper draw my wife's, which, though it cost £30, yet I will have done. Thus spent the afternoon most deliciously, and then broke up and walked with them as far as the Temple [Map], and there parted, and I took coach to Westminster, but there did nothing, meeting nobody that I had a mind to speak with, and so home, and there find Mr. Pelling, and then also comes Mrs. Turner (age 45), and supped and talked with us, and so to bed. I do hear by several that Sir W. Pen's (age 46) going to sea do dislike the Parliament mightily, and that they have revived the Committee of Miscarriages to find something to prevent it; and that he being the other day with the Duke of Albemarle (age 59) to ask his opinion touching his going to sea, the Duchess overheard and come in to him, and asks W. Pen (age 46) how he durst have the confidence to offer to go to sea again, to the endangering the nation, when he knew himself such a coward as he was, which, if true, is very severe.

Pepy's Diary. 29 Mar 1669. By and by the corpse come out; and I, with Sir Richard Browne (age 64) and Mr. Evelyn (age 48), in their coach to the church, where Mr. Plume preached. But I, in the midst of the sermon, did go out, and walked all alone, round to Deptford, Kent [Map], thinking para have seen the wife of Bagwell, which I did at her door, but I could not conveniently go into her house, and so lost my labour: and so to the King's Yard, and there my boat by order met me; and home, where I made my boy to finish the my manuscript, and so to supper and to bed my new chamber-maid, that comes in the room of Jane; is come, Jane and Tom lying at their own lodging this night: the new maid's name is Matt, a proper and very comely maid... [Missin text "so as when I was in bed, the thought de ella did make me para hazer in mi mano."] This day also our cook-maid Bridget went away, which I was sorry for; but, just at her going she was found to be a thief, and so I was the less trouble for it; but now our whole house will, in a manner, be new which, since Jane is gone, I am not at all sorry for, for that my late differences with my wife about poor Deb. will not be remembered.

Evelyn's Diary. 29 Mar 1689. The new King (age 38) much blamed for neglecting Ireland, now likely to be ruined by the Lord Tyrconnel (age 59) and his Popish party, too strong for the Protestants. Wonderful uncertainty where King James (age 55) was, whether in France or Ireland. The Scots seem as yet to favor King William (age 38), rejecting King James's letter to them, yet declaring nothing positively. Soldiers in England discontented. Parliament preparing the coronation oath. Presbyterians and Dissenters displeased at the vote for preserving the Protestant religion as established by law, without mentioning what they were to have as to indulgence.

After 29 Mar 1701. Monument to Elizabeth Saunderson (deceased) at St Wulfram's Church, Grantham [Map].

Elizabeth Saunderson: In May 1657 she was born to Thomas Saunderson. Before 29 Mar 1701 Richard Middlemore and she were married. On 29 Mar 1701 she died.

On 29 Mar 1763 Samuel Woodford was born in Castle Cary, Somerset.

On 29 Mar 1769 Elizabeth Denison Marchioness Conyngham was born to Joseph Denison (age 43).

On 29 Mar 1787 Thomas Dyke Acland 10th Baronet was born to Thomas Dyke Acland 9th Baronet (age 34) and Henrietta Anne Hoare (age 24).

On 29 Mar 1792 Gustav III King Sweden (age 46) was assassinated. Charles XIII King Sweden (age 43) succeeded King Sweden.

On 29 Mar 1799 Edward Smith-Stanley 14th Earl of Derby was born to Edward Smith-Stanley 13th Earl of Derby (age 23) and Charlotte Margaret Hornby Countess Derby.

On 29 Mar 1804 John Parkinson (age 16) died at Winchester College , Winchester. Monument at St James' Church, Kinnersley [Map]

John Parkinson: Around 1788 he was born to Leonard Parkinson at Jamaica.

On 29 Mar 1862 Adolfo Müller-Ury was born.

On 29 Mar 1970 Percy Bryant Baker (age 88) died in New York.

Births on the 29th March

On 29 Mar 1373 Marie Valois was born to Peter Valois II Count Alençon (age 33) and Marie Chamaillart Countess Alençon.

On 29 Mar 1494 Magdalena Albret was born to Jean III King Navarre (age 25) and Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre (age 26).

On 29 Mar 1584 Ferdinando Fairfax 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron was born to Thomas Fairfax 1st Lord Fairfax of Cameron (age 24) and Ellen Aske (age 20).

On 29 Mar 1620 Nicholas St John was born to John St John 1st Baronet (age 34) and Anne Leighton.

Before 29 Mar 1621 Christoper Wray 4th Baronet was born to John Wray 2nd Baronet (age 34) and Grisilla Bethell Lady Glentworth (age 32).

On or before 29 Mar 1634 William Cartwright of Aynho Northamptonshire was born to John Cartwright of Bloxham in Oxfordshire. He was baptised on 29 Mar 1634 at Aynho, Northamptonshire.

On 29 Mar 1674 William Hesse-Kassel was born to Charles I Landgrave Hesse-Kassel (age 19) and Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse-Kassel (age 20). On 25 Jul 1676 William Hesse-Kassel (age 2) died. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.66%.

On 29 Mar 1683 General Thomas Forster of Adderstone was born to Thomas Forster of Adderstone (age 23) and Frances Forster (age 17).

Before 29 Mar 1686 Elizabeth Moore was born to Henry Hamilton Moore 3rd Earl of Drogheda (age 30) and Mary Cole Countess of Drogheda (age 26).

On 29 Mar 1713 John Ponsonby was born to Brabazon Ponsonby 1st Earl Bessborough (age 34) and Sarah Margetson (age 35).

On 29 Mar 1726 Edward King 1st Earl Kingston was born to Henry King 3rd Baronet (age 45).

On 29 Mar 1736 Sarah Walter Lady Haselrigge was born to Reverend Nathaniel Walter (age 24) at Roxbury, Suffolk.

On 29 Mar 1763 Samuel Woodford was born in Castle Cary, Somerset.

On 29 Mar 1769 Elizabeth Denison Marchioness Conyngham was born to Joseph Denison (age 43).

On 29 Mar 1787 Thomas Dyke Acland 10th Baronet was born to Thomas Dyke Acland 9th Baronet (age 34) and Henrietta Anne Hoare (age 24).

On 29 Mar 1788 Infante Carlos María Isidro of Spain was born to Charles IV King Spain (age 39) and Maria Luisa of Parma (age 36). Coefficient of inbreeding 7.66%.

On 29 Mar 1789 Emily Mary Evermy was born.

On 29 Mar 1791 Reverend Alexander Robert Charles Dallas was born.

On 29 Mar 1799 Edward Smith-Stanley 14th Earl of Derby was born to Edward Smith-Stanley 13th Earl of Derby (age 23) and Charlotte Margaret Hornby Countess Derby.

On 29 Mar 1811 Laura Jane Ellison was born to Cuthbert Ellison of Hebburn Hall in County Durham.

On 29 Mar 1835 Sidney Francis Godolphin Osborne was born to Sidney Godolphin Osborne (age 27).

On 29 Mar 1836 Basil Thomas Fitzherbert was born to Francis Fitzherbert (age 39).

On 29 Mar 1839 Montague John Guest was born to John Josiah Guest 1st Baronet (age 54) and Charlotte Elizabeth Bertie (age 26).

On 29 Mar 1840 Edward Heneage 1st Baron Heneage was born to George Fieschi Heneage (age 39).

On 29 Mar 1848 Charles Raymond Burrell 6th Baronet was born to Walter Burrell 5th Baronet (age 33) and Dorothea Jones Lady Burrell (age 20).

On 29 Mar 1856 Edward Fitzclarence was born to William Fitzclarence 2nd Earl Munster (age 31) and Wilhelmina Kennedy-Erskine (age 25). He a great grandson of King William IV of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 29 Mar 1859 Beatrix Bulteel Countess Durham was born to John Bulteel (age 31) at Holbeton, Devon.

On 29 Mar 1862 Adolfo Müller-Ury was born.

On 29 Mar 1869 Edwin Landseer Lutyens was born.

On 29 Mar 1871 Maurice Bell 3rd Baronet was born to Thomas Hugh Bell 2nd Baronet (age 27) and Maria Shield.

On 29 Mar 1887 Winifred Gibbs was born to Herbert Gibbs 1st Baron Hunsdon (age 32) and Anna Maria Gibbs Baroness Hunsdon (age 54).

On 29 Mar 1892 Vice-Admiral Henry Jack Egerton was born to Charles Augustus Egerton (age 45) and Mabel Annie Brassey (age 27).

On 29 Mar 1899 John Scott 4th Earl Eldon was born to John Scott (age 29).

On 29 Mar 1909 Michael Hanbury-Tracy was born to Felix Charles Hanbury-Tracy (age 27).

On 29 Mar 1910 Maurice Francis Teck was born to Alexander Teck 1st Earl Athlone (age 36) and Princess Alice Countess Athlone (age 27). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 29 Mar 1930 Hugh Seymour 8th Marquess Hertford was born to Henry Charles Seymour (age 52).

Marriages on the 29th March

After 29 Mar 1461 William Norreys (age 20) and Jane Vere were married. She the daughter of John de Vere 12th Earl of Oxford (age 52) and Elizabeth Howard Countess of Oxford (age 51).

After 29 Mar 1461 Henry Rochford and Elizabeth Scrope (age 22) were married.

On 29 Mar 1515 Louis de Brézé and Diane de Poitiers (age 15) were married.

Before 29 Mar 1563 Robert Lane of Horton and Katherine Copley were married.

Before 29 Mar 1584 Thomas Fairfax 1st Lord Fairfax of Cameron (age 24) and Ellen Aske (age 20) were married. They were third cousin once removed.

Before 29 Mar 1674 Charles I Landgrave Hesse-Kassel (age 19) and Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse-Kassel (age 20) were married. She by marriage Landgravine Hesse Kassel. He the son of Wilhelm "The Just" VI Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia Hohenzollern (age 50). They were first cousins.

Before 29 Mar 1701 Richard Middlemore (age 44) and Elizabeth Saunderson (age 43) were married.

On 29 Mar 1797 William Godwin (age 41) and Mary Wollstonecraft (age 37) were married probably because Mary Wollstonecraft (age 37) was pregnant with Mary Godwin aka Shelley who was born five months later and who Mary Wollstonecraft (age 37) wanted to be legitimate.

On 29 Mar 1798 Admiral Joseph Sydney Yorke (age 29) and Elizabeth Weake Rattray were married.

On 29 Mar 1800 Robert Scott (age 22) and Ross Bell were married.

On 29 Mar 1824 John Walbanke-Childers (age 25) and Anne Wood (age 21) were married.

On 29 Mar 1853 Percival Andrée Pickering (age 43) and Anna Spencer-Stanhope (age 28) were married at All Saints Church, Cawthorne [Map].

On 29 Mar 1853 Reverend Gilbert Vyvyan Heathcote (age 22) and Eliza Heathcote were married. They were second cousins.

On 29 Mar 1855 Charles Buckworth-Herne-Soame 9th Baronet (age 24) and Mary Proctor Lady Buckworth-Herne-Soame were married. They were first cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 29 Mar 1864 John Hamilton 1st Baron Hamilton of Dalzell (age 34) and Emily Eleanor Leslie-Melville (age 23) were married.

Before 29 Mar 1887 Herbert Gibbs 1st Baron Hunsdon (age 32) and Anna Maria Gibbs Baroness Hunsdon (age 54) were married. The difference in their ages was 22 years; she, unusually, being older than him.

On 29 Mar 1919 King Carol II Hohenzollern Sigmaringen (age 25) and Joanna Marie "Zizi" Rangabe Lambrino (age 20) were divorced.

Deaths on the 29th March

On 29 Mar 1058 Pope Stephen IX (age 38) died.

On 29 Mar 1300 William Willoughby (age 60) died at Eresby.

Before 29 Mar 1372 Cecily Ufford Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 45) died.

On 29 Mar 1422 Alice Eleanor Coggeshall (age 40) died.

On 29 Mar 1422 Eleanor Flambard (age 61) died.

On 29 Mar 1461 the Battle of Towton was a decisive victory for King Edward IV of England (age 18) bringing to an end the first war of the Wars of the Roses. Said to be the bloodiest battle on English soil 28000 were killed mainly during the rout that followed the battle.

The Yorkist army was commanded by King Edward IV of England (age 18) with John Mowbray 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 45), William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 30) (knighted), Walter Blount 1st Baron Mountjoy (age 45), Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex (age 57), John Scrope 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 23) and John Wenlock 1st Baron Wenlock (age 61).

The Lancastrian army suffered significant casualties including Richard Percy (age 35), Ralph Bigod Lord Morley (age 50), John Bigod (age 28), Robert Cromwell (age 71), Ralph Eure (age 49), John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 51), John Beaumont (age 33), Thomas Dethick (age 61), Everard Simon Digby, William Plumpton (age 25) and William Welles (age 51) who were killed.

Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) was killed. His son Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 12) succeeded 4th Earl of Northumberland, 7th Baron Percy of Alnwick, 15th Baron Percy of Topcliffe. Maud Herbert Countess Northumberland (age 3) by marriage Countess of Northumberland.

Ralph Dacre 1st Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 49) was killed. He was buried at the nearby Saxton church where his chest tomb is extant. Baron Dacre Gilsland extinct.

Lionel Welles 6th Baron Welles (age 55) was killed. His son Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 33) succeeded 7th Baron Welles.

The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Beaufort 2nd or 3rd Duke of Somerset (age 25), Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30), Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39) and Andrew Trollope.

Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30) was attainted after the battle; Duke Exeter, Earl Huntingdon forfeit.

Those who fought for the Lancaster included William Tailboys 7th Baron Kyme (age 46), John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 60), William Norreys (age 20), Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey of Richemont (age 43), Robert Hungerford 3rd Baron Hungerford 1st Baron Moleyns (age 30), John Talbot 3rd Earl of Shrewsbury (age 12), Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 33), Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 56), James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde (age 40), John Butler 6th Earl Ormonde (age 39), William Beaumont 2nd Viscount Beaumont (age 22), Henry Roos and Thomas Tresham (age 41). Cardinal John Morton (age 41) were captured.

On 29 Mar 1496 Joan Sharpe (age 46) died.

On 29 Mar 1519 Francesco Gonzaga (age 52) died.

On 29 Mar 1538 Mary Dacre (age 36) died.

Before 29 Mar 1563 Katherine Copley died in childbirth. She was buried on 29 Mar 1563.

On 29 Mar 1563 Elizabeth Vernon (age 88) died at Moreton Corbet Castle [Map].

On 29 Mar 1564 Edmund Peckham (age 69) died.

On 29 Mar 1578 Arthur Champernowne (age 54) died.

On 29 Mar 1584 Dorothy Guildford (age 48) died.

On 29 Mar 1586 Robert Stewart 1st Earl Lennox 1st Earl March (age 64) died.

On 29 Mar 1605 John Fortescue (age 34) died.

On 29 Mar 1611 Pieter Tryon (age 71) died.

On 29 Mar 1628 John Crofts (age 65) died.

On 29 Mar 1630 Edward Paston (age 79) died.

On 29 Mar 1641 Mary Ashburnham Lady Wentworth (age 66) died.

On 29 Mar 1644 John Stewart (age 22) was killed during the Battle of Cheriton fighting for the Royalists.

On 29 Mar 1692 Roger Boyle 2nd Earl Orrery (age 45) died. His son Lionel Boyle 3rd Earl Orrery (age 20) succeeded 3rd Earl Orrery. Mary Sackville Countess Orrery by marriage Countess Orrery.

On 29 Mar 1701 Elizabeth Saunderson (age 43) died.

On 29 Mar 1703 George Frederick Hohenzollern (age 24) died.

On 29 Mar 1705 Ralph Assheton (age 39) died.

On 29 Mar 1726 Dorothy Walpole Viscountess Townsend (age 39) died although the circumstances are somewhat mysterious; possibly smallpox.

On 29 Mar 1734 Fredericka Magdalene Saxe Coburg Saalfeld died at Coburg.

On 29 Mar 1742 Joseph Moyle (age 62) died.

On 29 Mar 1752 Mary Morley Countess Derby (age 85) died.

On 29 Mar 1758 George August Count of Erbach Schonberg (age 66) died.

On 29 Mar 1780 Francis Blake 1st Baronet (age 70) died. He was buried at St Michael's Church, Houghton le Spring. His son Francis Blake 2nd Baronet (age 43) succeeded 2nd Baronet Blake of Twizel Castle in County Durham.

On 29 Mar 1784 Andrew Wilkinson of Boroughbridge, Yorkshire (age 87) died. Broom Hall, Sheffield was left to his eldest son, Rev. James Wilkinson.

On 29 Mar 1790 Bishop Charles Jackson died.

On 29 Mar 1802 Reverend William Heathcote (age 30) died.

On 29 Mar 1804 John Parkinson (age 16) died at Winchester College , Winchester. Monument at St James' Church, Kinnersley [Map]

John Parkinson: Around 1788 he was born to Leonard Parkinson at Jamaica.

On 29 Mar 1806 John Honywood 4th Baronet (age 49) died. His son John Coutenay Honywood 5th Baronet (age 19) succeeded 5th Baronet Honywood of Evington in Kent.

On 29 Mar 1807 Henry Fletcher 1st Baronet (age 80) died. His son Henry Fletcher 2nd Baronet (age 35) succeeded 2nd Baronet Fletcher of Clea Hall in Cumberland. Frances Sophia Vaughan Lady Fletcher by marriage Lady Fletcher of Clea Hall in Cumberland.

On 29 Mar 1819 Anne Montgomery Marchioness Townshend (age 67) died.

On 29 Mar 1832 Anna Maria Bowes (age 61) died.

On 29 Mar 1834 John "Mad Jack" Mytton (age 37) died in King's Bench Prison [Map].

On 29 Mar 1840 Mary Press died.

On 29 Mar 1843 Robert Edward Petre 10th Baron Petre (age 79) died. His son William Henry Francis Petre 11th Baron Petre (age 50) succeeded 11th Baron Petre.

On 29 Mar 1886 Charles Douglas (age 50) died.

On 29 Mar 1889 William George Howard 8th Earl Carlisle (age 81) died unmarried. His nephew George Howard 9th Earl Carlisle (age 45) succeeded 9th Earl Carlisle. Rosalind Frances Stanley Countess Carlisle (age 44) by marriage Countess Carlisle.

On 29 Mar 1889 Henry John Robert Osborn (age 49) died during the collisions of the ships "Comtesse de Flandre" and the "Princess Henriette" in the English channel.

On 29 Mar 1890 John Ogilvy of Inverquharity 9th Baronet (age 87) died.

On 29 Mar 1891 Priscilla Cecilia Moore (age 82) died.

On 29 Mar 1894 James Hay Erskine-Wemyss (age 64) died.

On 29 Mar 1900 James Alexander Orr-Ewing (age 43) died.

On 29 Mar 1912 Victoria Alexandrina Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie (age 74) died.

On 29 Mar 1913 Archibald Campbell (age 66) died.

On 29 Mar 1914 John Granville Henniker (age 52) died.

On 29 Mar 1922 Isabella Maria Katherine Anson Countess Howe (age 90) died.

On 29 Mar 1924 Charles Villiers Stanford (age 71) died.

On 29 Mar 1931 John Shelley 9th Baronet (age 82) died. His son John Shelley 10th Baronet (age 46) succeeded 10th Baronet Shelley of Mitchelgrove in Sussex.

On 29 Mar 1949 Cicely Elizabeth Adeliza Manners (age 92) died.

On 29 Mar 1964 Sophia Charlotte Oldenburg (age 85) died.

On 29 Mar 1966 Clare Violet Temple-Gore-Langton died.

On 29 Mar 1970 Percy Bryant Baker (age 88) died in New York.

On 29 Mar 1983 Antony Head 1st Viscount Head (age 76) died. His son Richard Antony Head 2nd Viscount Head (age 46) succeeded 2nd Viscount Head of Throope in Wiltshire.

On 29 Mar 1992 John Spencer 8th Earl Spencer (age 68) died. His son Charles Spencer 9th Earl Spencer (age 27) succeeded 9th Earl Spencer, 9th Viscount Althorp, 9th Viscount Spencer, 9th Baron Spencer Althorp.