On this Day in History ... 30th October

30 Oct is in October.

1460 January Raid on Sandwich

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1685 Argyll's Rising

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 30th October

Calendars. Membrane 27d. 30 Oct 1459. Farnham Royal, Buckinghamshire [Map]. Commission of array to Richard Wydevyle of Ryvers (age 54), knight, and the sheriff of Kent in Kent, to resist Richard, duke of York (age 48), Edward Earl of March (age 17), Richard, Earl of Warwick (age 30), and Richard, Earl of Salisbury (age 59), and their accomplices, leagued in rebellion against the king and crown and allowed by certain persons having the keeping of the town and castle of Calais [Map] to enter the same contrary to the king's mandates, and now preparing to arouse congregations and insur rections in the said county; and appointment of the same to arrest all ships and other vessels late of the said Earl of Warwick and all the tackling thereof and to keep the same for the king's use. By K.

On 30 Oct 1485 King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 28) was crowned VII King England by Cardinal Thomas Bourchier (age 67) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond (age 42), his mother, attended.

Robert Dymoke (age 24) attended as the Kings' Champion.

John de Vere 13th Earl of Oxford (age 43) carried the King's train.

Earl Richmondmerged with the Crown.

Letters and Papers 1528. 30 Oct 1528. Love Letters, XVII. 4894. Henry VIII (age 37). to Anne Boleyn (age 27).

"To inform you what joy it is to me to understand of your conformableness to reason, and of the suppressing of your inutile vain thoughts and fantasies with the bridle of reason, I ensure you all the good in this world could not counterpoise for my satisfaction the knowledge and certainty hereof. Wherefore, good sweetheart, continue in the same, not only in this but in all your doings hereafter; for thereby shall come, both to you and me, the greatest quietness that may be in this world. The cause why this bearer tarryeth so long is the business that I have had to dress up yer (geer?) for you, which I trust or long to see you occupy, and then I trust to occupy yours, which shall be recompense enough to me for all my pains and labors. The unfeigned sickness of this well-willing legate doth somewhat retard his access to your presence; but I trust verily, when God shall send him health, he will with diligence recompense his demowre, for I know well whereby he hath said (lamenting the saying and bruit that he should be Imperial) that it should be well known in this matter that he is not Imperial. And thus for lack of time," &c.

On 30 Oct 1600 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex (age 34) was refused the renewal of his lucrative monopoly on Sweet Wine by Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 67) effectively bankrupting him.

On 30 Oct 1623 Christopher Wren was born.

Pepy's Diary. 30 Oct 1660. Within all the morning and dined at home, my mind being so troubled that I could not mind nor do anything till I spoke with the Comptroller to whom the lodgings belong. In the afternoon, to ease my mind, I went to the Cockpit [Map] all alone, and there saw a very fine play called "The Tamer Tamed;" very well acted. That being done, I went to Mr. Crew's (age 62), where I had left my boy, and so with him and Mr. Moore (who would go a little way with me home, as he will always do) to the Hercules Pillars to drink, where we did read over the King's (age 30) declaration in matters of religion, which is come out to-day, which is very well penned, I think to the satisfaction of most people. So home, where I am told Mr. Davis's people have broken open the bolt of my chamber door that goes upon the leads, which I went up to see and did find it so, which did still trouble me more and more. And so I sent for Griffith, and got him to search their house to see what the meaning of it might be, but can learn nothing to-night. But I am a little pleased that I have found this out. I hear nothing yet of my Lord, whether he be gone for the Queen (age 50) from the Downs or no; but I believe he is, and that he is now upon coming back again.

On 30 Oct 1668 Sophia Charlotte Hanover Queen Consort Prussia was born to Ernest Augustus Hanover Elector Brunswick-Lüneburg (age 38) and Sophia Palatinate Simmern (age 38). She a great granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

After 30 Oct 1670. Church of St Peter and St Paul, Easton Maudit [Map]. Monument to Henry Yelverton Baron Grey of Ruthyn (deceased) and Susan Longueville 13th Baroness Grey of Ruthyn.

Susan Longueville 13th Baroness Grey of Ruthyn: she was born to Charles Longueville 12th Baron Grey of Ruthyn and Frances Neville. On 14 Jun 1643 Charles Longueville 12th Baron Grey of Ruthyn died. His daughter Susan Longueville 13th Baroness Grey of Ruthyn succeeded 13th Baroness Grey of Ruthyn. Before 21 Aug 1657 Henry Yelverton Baron Grey of Ruthyn and she were married. He by marriage Baron Grey of Ruthyn. On 28 Jan 1676 she died. She was buried at the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Easton Maudit. Her son Charles Yelverton 14th Baron Grey of Ruthyn succeeded 14th Baron Grey of Ruthyn.

On 30 Oct 1683 King George II of Great Britain and Ireland was born to King George I of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England (age 17) at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Lower Saxony. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 30 Oct 1685 John Ayloffe (age 40) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Temple Bar for his part in the Argyll's Rising.

On 30 Oct 1737 Jane Rochfort Countess Lanesborough was born to Robert Rochfort 1st Earl of Belvedere (age 29) and Mary Molesworth.

On 30 Oct 1741 Angelica Kauffmann was born in Chur Graubünden.

On 30 Oct 1887 Mary Curzon Countess Howe was born to Montagu Curzon (age 41) and Esmé Fitzroy (age 28).

On 30 Oct 1908 Hélène Charlotte de Berquely was born to Charles de Berquely.

Births on the 30th October

On 30 Oct 1492 Anne Valois was born to Rene Valois Duke Alençon (age 38) and Margaret Lorraine Duchess Alençon (age 29).

On 30 Oct 1623 Christopher Wren was born.

On 30 Oct 1668 Sophia Charlotte Hanover Queen Consort Prussia was born to Ernest Augustus Hanover Elector Brunswick-Lüneburg (age 38) and Sophia Palatinate Simmern (age 38). She a great granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 30 Oct 1680 Richard Cust 2nd Baronet was born to Pury Cust (age 25) and Ursula Woodcock (age 21).

On 30 Oct 1683 King George II of Great Britain and Ireland was born to King George I of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23) and Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England (age 17) at Herrenhausen Palace, Hanover, Lower Saxony. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 15 Oct 1691 Colonel William Fairfax of Belvoir was born to Henry Fairfax of Toulston (age 32) at Newton Kyme. He was baptised on 30 Oct 1691.

On 30 Oct 1696 Charlotte Saxe Coburg Saalfeld was born to John Ernest Saxe Coburg Saalfeld IV Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 38) and Charlotte Johanna Waldeck Wildungen Duchess Saxe Coburg Saalfeld at Saalfield.

On 30 Oct 1699 Amy Goodwin was born to John Goodwin (age 26) at Narborough Hall.

On 30 Oct 1719 Jane Stanhope was born to James Stanhope 1st Earl Stanhope (age 46) and Lucy Pitt Countess Stanhope (age 27).

On 30 Oct 1735 Nicholas Lawless 1st Baron Cloncurry was born.

On 30 Oct 1737 Jane Rochfort Countess Lanesborough was born to Robert Rochfort 1st Earl of Belvedere (age 29) and Mary Molesworth.

On 30 Oct 1741 Angelica Kauffmann was born in Chur Graubünden.

On 30 Oct 1751 Richard Brinsley Sheridan was born at Dorset Street Dublin.

On 30 Oct 1775 James Keiller was born.

On 30 Oct 1803 Henry Reginald Yorke was born to Admiral Joseph Sydney Yorke (age 35) and Elizabeth Weake Rattray.

On 30 Oct 1803 Charlotte Howard was born to Kenneth Alexander Howard 1st Earl of Effingham (age 35) and Charlotte Primrose Countess Effingham (age 27). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 30 Oct 1805 Julia Bosville Bosville Macdonald was born to Godfrey Bosville Macdonald (age 30) and Louisa Maria La Coast Hanover (age 23). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 30 Oct 1807 Bishop Christopher Wordsworth was born to Christopher Wordsworth (age 33) and Priscilla Lloyd.

On 30 Oct 1823 Auguste Sophie Friederike Hesse-Kassel was born to William Hesse-Kassel (age 35). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 30 Oct 1846 Henry Charles Bentinck was born to Charles Anthony Bentinck (age 54).

On 30 Oct 1872 Joan Emily Thynne Countess Cawdor was born to John Charles Thynne (age 34).

On 30 Oct 1887 Mary Curzon Countess Howe was born to Montagu Curzon (age 41) and Esmé Fitzroy (age 28).

On 30 Oct 1890 Muriel Strutt was born to Henry Strutt 2nd Baron Belper (age 50) and Margaret Coke Baroness Belper (age 38).

On 30 Oct 1908 Hélène Charlotte de Berquely was born to Charles de Berquely.

Marriages on the 30th October

On 30 Oct 1454 Charles "Bold" Valois Duke Burgundy (age 20) and Isabella Bourbon (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Charles Bourbon I Duke Bourbon (age 53) and Agnes Valois Duchess Bourbon (age 50). He the son of Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy (age 58) and Isabella Aviz Duchess Burgundy (age 57). They were first cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 30 Oct 1524 John Bourchier 1st Earl Bath (age 54) and Florence Bonville Countess Bath (age 52) were married. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

After 30 Oct 1524 John Bourchier 1st Earl Bath (age 54) and Elizabeth Wentworth Countess Bath (age 54) were married. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 30 Oct 1594 John Sigismund Hohenzollern (age 21) and Anna Hohenzollern (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Albert Frederick Hohenzollern Duke Prussia (age 41).

On 30 Oct 1651 Thomas Papillon Merchant (age 28) and Jane Broadnax were married at Canterbury Cathedral [Map].

On 30 Oct 1660 William Noel 2nd Baronet (age 18) and Margaret Lovelace (age 20) were married.

On 30 Oct 1714 Joseph 3rd Baronet (age 49) and Charlotte Mordaunt Lady Alston were married. She by marriage Lady Alston of Chelsea.

Before 30 Oct 1724 John Ashburnham 1st Earl Ashburnham (age 37) and Jemima Grey Countess Ashburham (age 25) were married. She by marriage Baroness Ashburnham of Ashburnham in Sussex. She the daughter of Henry Grey 1st Duke Kent (age 53) and Jemima Crew Marchioness Kent (age 49).

Before 30 Oct 1731 Francis Luttrell (age 22) and Anne Stucley (age 21) were married.

On 30 Oct 1762 William Trench 1st Earl of Clancarty (age 21) and Anne Gardiner were married. They had nineteen children.

On 30 Oct 1764 Henry Howard (age 51) and Julia Molyneux (age 21) were married. The difference in their ages was 30 years.

On 30 Oct 1809 Edward Ellice (age 26) and Hannah Althea Grey (age 24) were married. She the daughter of Charles Grey 1st Earl Grey and Elizabeth Grey Countess Grey (age 65).

On 30 Oct 1816 John Henry Vivian (age 31) and Sarah Jones were married.

On 30 Oct 1824 George Venables-Vernon aka Warren 5th Baron Vernon (age 21) and Isabella Caroline Ellison (age 19) were married.

Before 30 Oct 1891 David Cecil Bingham (age 4) and Rosabelle Millicent St Clair-Erskine were married.

Before 30 Oct 1914 Gerald Ernest Francis Ward (age 36) and Evelyn Selina Louisa Crichton were married. She the daughter of John Crichton 4th Earl Erne (age 75). He the son of William Ward 1st Earl of Dudley and Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley (age 68).

On 30 Oct 1917 Francis Stapleton-Cotton 4th Viscount Combermere (age 30) and Louisa Hazel Agnew Viscountess Combermere (age 26) were married. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom.

On 30 Oct 1946 Gerald Bridgeman 6th Earl of Bradford (age 35) and Mary Willoughby Montgomery Countess Bradford were married. He the son of Orlando Bridgeman 5th Earl Bradford (age 73) and Margaret Cecilia Bruce Countess Bradford (age 64).

On 30 Oct 1964 Friedrich Josias Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 45) and Katrin Bremme were married. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Deaths on the 30th October

On 30 Oct 1272 Hugh IV Duke Burgundy (age 59) died. His son Robert II Duke Burgundy (age 24) succeeded II Duke Burgundy.

On 30 Oct 1282 Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (age 51) died. He was buried at Wigmore Abbey [Map] where the inscription of his tombstone reads "Here lies buried, glittering with praise, Roger the pure, Roger Mortimer the second, called Lord of Wigmore by those who held him dear. While he lived all Wales feared his power, and given as a gift to him all Wales remained his. It knew his campaigns, he subjected it to torment". His son Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer of Wigmore (age 31) succeeded 2nd Baron Mortimer of Wigmore.

On 30 Oct 1312 John de Weyland (age 52) died.

On 30 Oct 1312 Mary de de Braose (age 43) died.

Before 30 Oct 1339 Alan Holland died.

On 30 Oct 1404 William Heron 1st Baron Heron died.

On 30 Oct 1466 Marie Valois Duchess Cleves (age 73) died.

Before 30 Oct 1476 Matthew Philip died. His will was proved 30 Oct 1476.

On 30 Oct 1495 Francis Bourbon Count Vendôme and Soissons (age 25) died. His son Charles Bourbon Duke Vendôme (age 6) succeeded Count Vendôme.

On 30 Oct 1524 Florence Bonville Countess Bath (age 52) died.

On 30 Oct 1605 George Clifford 3rd Earl of Cumberland (age 47) died. His brother Francis Clifford 4th Earl of Cumberland (age 46) succeeded 4th Earl of Cumberland. His daughter Anne Clifford Countess Dorset and Pembroke (age 15) succeeded 14th Baroness de Clifford.

Francis Clifford 4th Earl of Cumberland (age 46) bequeathed to Anne the sum of £15,000 in lieu of the estates she was legally entitled to. She engaged in a long and complex legal battle to obtain the family estates. In 1643, when Henry Clifford 5th Earl of Cumberland (age 14) died she regained her estates.

On 30 Oct 1609 Anne Keighley (age 60) died.

On 30 Oct 1611 William Bowes (age 60) died.

On 30 Oct 1611 King Charles IX of Sweden (age 61) died.

On 30 Oct 1631 William Yelverton 1st Baronet (age 73) died. His son William Yelverton 2nd Baronet (age 41) succeeded 2nd Baronet Yelverton of Rougham in Norfolk.

On 30 Oct 1632 Mary Sackville died.

On 30 Oct 1660 James Hay 2nd Earl Carlisle (age 48) died. Earl Carlisle, Viscount Doncaster extinct.

On 30 Oct 1685 John Ayloffe (age 40) was hanged, drawn and quartered at Temple Bar for his part in the Argyll's Rising.

On 30 Oct 1704 Frederica Amalia Oldenburg (age 55) died.

On 30 Oct 1710 Drury Wray 9th Baronet (age 77) died. His son Christopher Wray 10th Baronet (age 38) succeeded 10th Baronet Wray of Glentworth in Lincolnshire.

On 30 Oct 1711 Catherine Russell Duchess Rutland (age 35) died.

On 30 Oct 1715 Thomas Lennard 1st Earl of Sussex (age 61) died. Earl of Sussex extinct. Baron Dacre Gilsland abeyant.

On 30 Oct 1716 Richard Bellings (age 94) died.

On 30 Oct 1726 Thomas Frankland 2nd Baronet (age 61) died. His son Thomas Frankland 3rd Baronet (age 41) succeeded 3rd Baronet Frankland of Thirkleby in Yorkshire. Dinah Topham Lady Thirkleby by marriage Lady Frankland of Thirkleby in Yorkshire.

On 30 Oct 1731 Anne Stucley (age 21) died.

On or before 30 Oct 1734, the date she was buried, Mary Lascelles (age 72) died.

On 30 Oct 1736 John Fountayne (age 52) died.

On 30 Oct 1744 Mary Herbert Viscountess Montague (age 83) died.

On 30 Oct 1757 Admiral Edward Vernon (age 72) died in Nacton, Suffolk.

On 30 Oct 1761 William Windham (age 44) died.

On 30 Oct 1796 Archibald Montgomerie 11th Earl Eglinton (age 70) died at Eglinton Castle, Kilwinning. His third cousin Hugh Montgomerie 12th Earl Eglinton (age 56) succeeded 12th Earl Eglinton.

On 30 Oct 1803 Grace Chapple Baroness Grantley died.

On 30 Oct 1805 Welbore Ellis Agar (age 70) died.

On 30 Oct 1816 King Frederick Wilhelm Karl Württemberg (age 61) died.

On 30 Oct 1829 Maria Cooke (age 45) died.

On 30 Oct 1832 Archibald Stuart (age 61) died.

On 30 Oct 1840 Admiral Charles Elphinstone (age 66) died.

On 30 Oct 1843 Edward Ernest Villiers (age 37) died.

On 30 Oct 1844 Maria Barker died.

On 30 Oct 1845 Henry James Montagu Scott 2nd Baron Montagu (age 68) died.

On 30 Oct 1848 Mary Georgiana Seymour (age 49) died.

On 30 Oct 1849 William Charles Keppel 4th Earl Albermarle (age 77) died. His son Augustus Frederick Keppel 5th Earl Albermarle (age 55) succeeded 5th Earl Albermarle, 5th Viscount Bury in Lancashire, 5th Baron Ashford of Ashford in Kent. Frances Steer Countess Albemarle aka Aumale by marriage Countess Albemarle aka Aumale1C 1127.

On 30 Oct 1851 Harriet Rushout (age 81) died.

On 30 Oct 1854 Frederick Fitzclarence (age 54) died.

On 30 Oct 1865 Joseph Burke 11th Baronet (age 79) died.

On 30 Oct 1877 Helen Pleydell-Bouverie (age 10) died.

On 30 Oct 1908 Caroline Webster "Lina" Schermerhorn (age 78) died.

On 30 Oct 1914 Hugh William Grosvenor (age 30) was killed in action.

On 30 Oct 1914 Charles Petty-Fitzmaurice (age 40) died.

On 30 Oct 1914 Gerald Ernest Francis Ward (age 36) was killed in action at Zandvoorde during the he First Battle of Ypres. His body was never recovered and he is commemorated at the Menin Gate.

On 30 Oct 1914 Charles Pelham (age 27) was killed in action.

On 30 Oct 1920 James Roche 3rd Baron Fermoy (age 69) died. His son Maurice Roche 4th Baron Fermoy (age 35) succeeded 4th Baron Fermoy.

On 30 Oct 1934 Reverend Francis Henry Payne-Gallwey (age 74) died.

On 30 Oct 1941 Jane Seymour Conyngham (age 81) died.

On 30 Oct 1944 Orlando St Maur Weld-Forester (age 67) died.

On 30 Oct 1945 Theodora Keppel (age 84) died.

On 30 Oct 1955 Mary Eveline Stewart Freeman died.

On 30 Oct 1959 Anne Lawrence Breese (age 74) died.

On 30 Oct 1970 John Loder 2nd Baron Wakehurst (age 75) died.