Biography of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820

Paternal Family Tree: Hanover

Maternal Family Tree: Magdalena Augusta Anhalt Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg

1749 Creation of Garter Knights

1761 Coronation of George III

1762 Creation of New Peers

1782 Creation of Garter Knights

1786 Creation of Garter Knights

1790 Creation of Garter Knights

1793 Creation of Garter Knights

1794 Creation of Garter Knights

1800 Act of Union Peerages

1803 Creation of Garter Knights

1805 Creation of Garter Knights

1820 Death of King George III

1820 Funeral of King George III

1843 Death of Princess Charlotte

In 1727 John Lumley (age 24) was appointed Equerry to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 08 May 1736 [his father] Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales (age 29) and [his mother] Augusta Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 16) were married. She the daughter of Frederick Saxe Coburg Altenburg II Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg and Magdalena Augusta Anhalt Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg. He the son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland (age 52) and Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England (age 53).

On 04 Jun 1738 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland was born to Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales (age 31) and Augusta Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 18) at Norfolk House, St James' Square. He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

1749 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1749 [his grandfather] King George II of Great Britain and Ireland (age 65) created new Garter Knights as follows:

560th Johann Adolph Wettin Duke Saxe Weissenfels,

561st King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 10),

562nd Charles William Frederick "The Wild Margrave" Hohenzollern (age 36),

563rd Thomas Osborne 4th Duke Leeds (age 35),

564th John Russell 4th Duke Bedford (age 38),

565th William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle (age 46),

566th John Carteret 2nd Earl Granville (age 58).

On 31 Mar 1751 [his father] Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales (age 44) died at Leicester House.

In 1754 Jean Etienne Liotard (age 51). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 15).

01 Jun 1759. Kew Bridge [Map] is a bridge over the River Thames. The original bridge was constructed before 1759. The first bridge was built by Robert Tunstall of Brentford who previously owned the ferry on the site. The bridge was inaugurated on 1 June 1759 by the Prince of Wales (age 20) driving over it with his [his mother] mother (age 39) and a number of other royals, and was opened to the public three days later.

In 1760 William Douglas 4th Duke Queensberry (age 35) was appointed Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 21).

In 1760 James Peachey 1st Baron Selsey (age 36) was appointed Groom of the Bedchamber to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 21).

On 02 Oct 1760 Garrett Wellesley 1st Earl Mornington (age 25) was created 1st Earl Mornington, 1st Viscount Wellesley of Dangan Castle by King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 22) in reward for his services to music and philanthropy. Anne Hill Countess Mornington (age 18) by marriage Countess Mornington.

On 25 Oct 1760 [his grandfather] King George II of Great Britain and Ireland (age 76) died at Kensington Palace. His grandson King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 22) succeeded III King Great Britain and Ireland. Duke Cambridge merged with the Crown.

In 1761 Simon Harcourt 1st Earl Harcourt (age 47) was appointed special ambassador to Mecklenburg-Strelitz, to negotiate a marriage between King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 22) and [his future wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 16) who he subsequently conducted to England.

In 1761 Allan Ramsay (age 47) was appointed Principal In Ordinary to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 22). Due to the workload demanded of him he used numerous assistants including David Martin (age 23).

On 08 Sep 1761 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 17) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. She by marriage Queen Consort England. He the son of Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales and Augusta Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 41). They were second cousin twice removed. He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

Coronation of George III

On 22 Sep 1761 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23) was crowned III King Great Britain and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Charles Compton 7th Earl of Northampton (age 24) was the Bearer of the Ivory Rod with the Dove.

William Talbot 1st Earl Talbot (age 51) was appointed Lord High Steward.

Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon (age 32) was the bearer of the Sword of State although the actual Sword of State couldn't be found and the Lord Mayor's Pearl Sword was substituted.

Around 1762. Allan Ramsay (age 48). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23).

In 1762 Charlotte Finch nee Fermor (age 37) was appointed Governess to the Royal Children by King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23).

1762 Creation of New Peers

On 04 May 1762 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23) created a number of new peerages ...

Edward Noel 1st Viscount Wentworth (age 46) was created 1st Viscount Wentworth.

William Courtenay 7th Earl Devon (age 53) was created 1st Viscount Courtenay.

Thomas Pelham Holles 1st Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 68) was created 1st Baron Pelham of Stanmer in Sussex with default to his cousin Thomas Pelham (age 34).

Caroline Lennox 1st Baroness Holland (age 39) was created 1st Baron Holland in Lincolnshire. Henry Fox 1st Baron Holland (age 56) by marriage Baron Holland in Lincolnshire.

John Perceval 2nd Earl Egmont (age 51) was created 1st Baron Lovel and Holland of Enmore in Somerset.

John Montagu 1st Baron Montagu (age 27) was created 1st Baron Montagu of Boughton in Northamptonshire.

Joseph Damer 1st Earl Dorchester (age 44) was created 1st Baron Milton of Milton Abbey in Dorset.

Edward Hussey-Montagu 1st Earl Beaulieu (age 41) was created 1st Baron Beaulieu of Beaulieu in Hampshire with a special remainder to his heirs male with his current wife Isabella Montagu Duchess Manchester (age 56).

On 12 May 1762 George Venables-Vernon 1st Baron Vernon (age 53) was created 1st Baron Vernon of Kinderton in Cheshire. Martha Harcourt Baroness Vernon of Kinderton (age 46) by marriage Baroness Vernon of Kinderton in Cheshire.

George Fox Lane 1st Baron Bingley (age 65) was created 1st Baron Bingley. Harriet Benson Baroness Bingley (age 57) by marriage Baroness Bingley.

On 12 Aug 1762 [his son] King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 24) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 18).

After 12 Aug 1762 Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon (age 33) incorrectly announced to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 24) that his first born child [his son] King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland was a girl. George III had promised £1,000 to the bearer of the news that he had a son and £500 that he had a girl; Francis received neither.

In 1763 Richard Wrottesley 7th Baronet (age 41) was appointed Chaplain in Ordinary to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 24).

In 1763 Washington Shirley 5th Earl Ferrers (age 40) was restored 5th Earl Ferrers and 11th Baronet Shirley of Staunton Harold in Leicestershire by King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 24).

On 16 Aug 1763 [his son] Prince Frederick Hanover Duke York of York was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 25) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 19).

On 21 Aug 1765 [his son] King William IV of the United Kingdom was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 27) at Buckingham Palace [Map].

On 23 Dec 1765 George Paulett 12th Marquess Winchester (age 43) was appointed Groom Porter to King George III (age 27) which office he held until it was abolished on 14 November 1782.

On 29 Sep 1766 [his illegitimate daughter] Princess Charlotte Hanover was born illegitimately to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 28) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 22) at Buckingham House [Map].

On 02 Aug 1767 [his son] Edward Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Kent and Strathearn was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 29) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 23) at Buckingham House [Map].

Around 1768. Nathaniel Dance-Holland (age 32). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 29).

On 18 Sep 1768 [his brother-in-law] Grand Duke Charles II of Mecklenburg Strelitz (age 26) and Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt (age 16) were married. He would, six years later, marry her younger sister Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt (age 12); an example of Married to Two Siblings.

On 08 Nov 1768 [his daughter] Princess Augusta Sophia Hanover was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 30) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 24).

On 10 Dec 1768 the Royal Academy was founded through a personal act of King George III (age 30) "to establish a school or academy of design for the use of students in the arts" with an annual exhibition.

The founder members included:

Joshua Reynolds (age 45); President.

Angelica Kauffmann (age 27); one of two female founding members.

Nathaniel Dance-Holland (age 33)

Francis Cotes (age 42)

Thomas Gainsborough (age 41)

William Tyler (age 40)

William Hoare (age 61)

Johan Joseph Zoffany (age 35).

On 22 May 1770 [his daughter] Princess Elizabeth Hanover was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 31) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 26).

On 05 Jun 1771 [his son] Ernest Augustus King Hanover was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 33) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 27) at Buckingham House [Map].

The Early Diaries of Frances Burney May 1775. Mr. Jones, a Welsh harper, a silly young man, was also present. We had a great deal of conversation in parties, before the Concert began. I had the satisfaction to sit next to Mr. Harris (age 62), who is very cheerful and communicative, and his conversation was instructive and agreeable58.5. Mr. Jones, the harper, began the Concert. He has a fine instrument of Merlin's construction; he plays with great neatness and delicacy; but as expression must have meaning, he does not abound in that commodity. After him, at the request of the Baronness Deiden, Mr. Burney went to the harpsichord. He played with his usual successful velocity and his usual applause. When he had received the compliments of the nobility and gentry, my father begged the Baronness to take his place; but she would not at first hear of it. She said in French, which she almost always speaks, that it was quite out of the question; and that it would be like a figurante's dancing after Heinel59.1. However, Miss Phipps joined so warmly in my father's request, that she was at length prevailed with. The character she has acquired of being the first of lady harpsichord players, as far as I have heard or can judge, is well merited. She has a great deal of execution and fire, and plays with much meaning. She is, besides, extremely modest and unconscious. She declared she had never been so much frightened before in her life59.2. When she had played a Lesson of Schobert's, my father asked her for another German composition, which he had heard her play at Lord Mulgrave's. She was going very obligingly to comply, when the Baron Deiden, looking at my sister, said, "Mais après, ma chère." "Eh bien!" cried Miss Phipps, "après Mrs. Burney."

Note 58.5. James Harris, of Salisbury (age 62), was nephew to that Earl of Shaftesbury who wrote "The Characteristics." He was First Lord of the Admiralty in 1762; a Lord of the Treasury afterwards. Dr. Johnson said that he was "a sound, solid scholar," but "a prig, and a bad prig," and "a coxcomb," who "did not understand his own system" in his own book, called "Hermes, an inquiry concerning universal grammar." We here see him in his pleasant, social aspect. Dr. Burney ranks him as a writer on music, in virtue of his three "Treatises on Art, Music, and History," 1774. When Mr. Harris took his seat in the House of Commons, Charles Townsend said to his next neighbour,-" Who is this man?"-" Who? why Harris that wrote one book about Grammar, and another about Virtue."-" What does he come here for? He will find neither Grammar nor Virtue here."

Note 59.1. Horace Walpole to Lord Strafford, August 25, 1771: "There is a finer dancer" (than Mlle. Guimard) "whom Mr. Hobart is to transport to London; a Mlle. Heinel or Ingle, a Fleming. She is tall, perfectly made, very handsome, and has a set of attitudes copied from the classics; she moves as gracefully slow as Pygmalion's statue when it was coming to life." She filled a before-deserted Opera House. The manager, Mr. Hobart, paid her six hundred pounds for the season, and the Maccaroni Club" complimented her with a regale of six hundred more."

Note 59.2. According to Horace Walpole, the Baron and Baroness Deiden were not personce gratis at the Court of St. James; being sent to England after the imprisonment of George III's (age 33) sister, [his sister] Caroline Matilda, Queen of (age 20) Denmark. They were moved to the Papal Court, where Miss Berry met them a little later.

On 08 Feb 1772 [his mother] Augusta Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 52) died at Cartlon House.

On 27 Jan 1773 [his son] Prince Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 34) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 28) at Buckingham House [Map].

In 1774 Andrew Thomas Stewart 1st Earl Castle Stewart (age 48) claimed the title 9th Baron Castle Stuart of County Tyrone by petitioning King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 35).

On 24 Feb 1774 [his son] Adolphus Hanover 1st Duke Cambridge was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 35) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 29).

On 25 Apr 1776 [his daughter] Mary Hanover Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 37) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 31).

On 03 Nov 1777 [his daughter] Princess Sophia Hanover was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 39) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 33).

On 27 Dec 1777 George Irby 3rd Baron Boston was born to Frederick Irby 2nd Baron Boston (age 28) and Christian Methuen. He was baptised on 28 Jan 1778; King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 39) was his godfather.

On 23 Feb 1779 [his son] Prince Octavius Hanover was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 40) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 34).

On 22 Sep 1780 [his son] Prince Alfred Hanover was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 42) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 36).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough (age 53). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 42).

In 1781 Thomas Gainsborough (age 53). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 42).

1782 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1782 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 43) created new Garter Knights as follows:

596th [his son] King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 16),

597th Charles Lennox 3rd Duke Richmond (age 46),

598th William Cavendish 5th Duke Devonshire (age 34),

599th William Petty 1st Marquess Lansdowne (age 44),

600th Charles Manners 4th Duke Rutland (age 27).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough (age 54). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 43).

In 1782 Thomas Gainsborough (age 54). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 43).

On 20 Aug 1782 [his son] Prince Alfred Hanover (age 1) died.

On 03 May 1783 [his son] Prince Octavius Hanover (age 4) died.

On 07 Aug 1783 [his daughter] Princess Amelia Hanover was born to King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 45) and [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 39).

28 Sep 1784 [his brother-in-law] Grand Duke Charles II of Mecklenburg Strelitz (age 42) and Princess Charlotte of Hesse-Darmstadt (age 28) were married. She the sister of his first wife Princess Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt; an example of Married to Two Siblings.

On 15 Dec 1785 [his son] King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 23) and [his daughter-in-law] Maria Anne Smythe aka "Mrs Fitzherbert" (age 29) were married. The marriage was invalid under English civil law because his father had not given his consent. Her uncle Henry Errington and her brother John Smythe were witnesses. The ceremony was performed by one of the prince's Chaplains in Ordinary, the Reverend Robert Burt, whose debts of £500 were paid by the prince to release him from Fleet Prison [Map]. He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 47) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 41).

1786 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1786 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 47) created new Garter Knights as follows:

601st [his son] Edward Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Kent and Strathearn (age 18),

602nd [his son] Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 14),

603rd [his son] Prince Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex (age 12),

604th [his son] Adolphus Hanover 1st Duke Cambridge (age 11),

605th William Elector of Hesse (age 42),

606th Henry Somerset 5th Duke Beaufort (age 41),

607th George Nugent Temple Grenville 1st Marquess Buckingham (age 32),

608th Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis (age 47).

On 22 Sep 1789 the second Kew Bridge [Map] was opened by King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 51).

1790 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1790 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 51) created new Garter Knights as follows:

611th Duke Ernest of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 44),

612th Francis Osborne 5th Duke Leeds (age 38),

613th John Pitt 2nd Earl Chatham (age 33).

On 29 Sep 1791 [his son] Prince Frederick Hanover Duke York of York (age 28) and [his daughter-in-law] Frederica Charlotte Hohenzollern (age 24) were married at Charlottenburg, Berlin. She the daughter of Frederick William II King Prussia (age 47) and Crown Princess Elisabeth Christine of Prussia (age 44). He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 53) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 47). They were third cousins. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

1793 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1793 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 54) created new Garter Knights as follows:

614th James Cecil 1st Marquess Salisbury (age 44),

615th John Fane 10th Earl of Westmoreland (age 33),

616th Frederick Howard 5th Earl Carlisle (age 44).

On 04 Apr 1793 [his son] Prince Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex (age 20) and [his daughter-in-law] Augusta Murray Duchess Sussex (age 25) were married at Rome, Italy in secret contrary to the Royal Marriages Act which required him to seek permission before marrying. She the daughter of John Murray 4th Earl Dunmore (age 63) and Charlotte Stewart Countess Dunmore (age 63). He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 54) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 48).

1794 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1794 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 55) created new Garter Knights as follows:

617th Henry Scott 3rd Duke Buccleuch (age 47),

618th [his future son-in-law] William Frederick Hanover 2nd Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh (age 17),

619th William Cavendish-Bentinck 3rd Duke Portland (age 55).

On 02 Jun 1794 [his brother-in-law] Adolphus Frederick Mecklenburg Strelitz (age 56) died.

In Aug 1794 [his son] Prince Augustus Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Sussex (age 21) and [his daughter-in-law] Augusta Murray Duchess Sussex (age 26) marriage annulled by the Court of Arches which deemed the marriage contrary to the Royal Marriages Act. The couple continued to live together until 1801 when they separated. She received a grant of £4000 each year and custody of their children.

On 08 Apr 1795 [his son] King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 32) and [his daughter-in-law] Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England (age 26) were married at Chapel Royal, St James's Palace. He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 56) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 50). They were first cousins. She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 18 May 1797 [his son-in-law] King Frederick Wilhelm Karl Württemberg (age 42) and [his illegitimate daughter] Princess Charlotte Hanover (age 30) were married. She the daughter of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 58) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 52). They were third cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

Around 1800. William Beechey (age 46). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 61).

Act of Union Peerages

In Dec 1800 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 62) created a number of peers who supported the Act of Union ....

On 21 Dec 1800 Charles Stanley Monck 1st Viscount Monck (age 46) was created 1st Viscount Monck.

On 29 Dec 1800 ....

Murrough O'Brien 1st Marquess Thomond (age 74) was created 1st Marquess Thomond. Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond (age 50) by marriage Marchioness Thomond.

Charles Tottenham aka Loftus 1st Marquess Ely (age 62) was created 1st Marquess Ely in County Wexford. Jane Myhill Marchioness Ely by marriage Marchioness Ely in County Wexford.

James Alexander 1st Earl Caledon (age 70) was created 1st Earl Caledon in County Tyrone.

1803 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1803 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 64) created new Garter Knights as follows:

624th John Henry Manners 5th Duke Rutland (age 25).

625th Philip Yorke 3rd Earl of Hardwicke (age 45). His brother Admiral Joseph Sydney Yorke (age 34) stood in for the Earl at the investiture since the Earl was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland at the time and unable to be present.

In 1804. Samuel Woodford (age 40). Portrait of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 65).

1805 Creation of Garter Knights

In 1805 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 66) created new Garter Knights as follows:

628th George Augustus Herbert 11th Earl Pembroke 8th Earl Montgomery (age 45),

629th George Finch 9th Earl Winchilsea 4th Earl Nottingham (age 52),

630th Philip Stanhope 5th Earl Chesterfield (age 49),

631st George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth (age 49).

On 02 Nov 1810 [his daughter] Princess Amelia Hanover (age 27) died.

In 1812 Charles Burroughs-Paulet 13th Marquess Winchester (age 47) was appointed Groom of the Stool to King George III (age 73). He held this office through the reigns of [his son] King George IV (age 49) and [his son] King William IV (age 46) until King William's death in 1837.

On 22 Jul 1816 [his son-in-law] William Frederick Hanover 2nd Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh (age 40) and [his daughter] Mary Hanover Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh (age 40) were married at St James's Palace [Map]. She by marriage Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh. She the daughter of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 78) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 72). He the son of William Henry Hanover 1st Duke Gloucester and Edinburgh and Maria Walpole Duchess Gloucester and Edinburgh. They were first cousins. He a great grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 06 Nov 1816 [his brother-in-law] Grand Duke Charles II of Mecklenburg Strelitz (age 75) died.

On 29 May 1818 [his son] Edward Augustus Hanover 1st Duke Kent and Strathearn (age 50) and [his daughter-in-law] Marie Luise Victoria Saxe Coburg Gotha Duchess Kent and Strathearn (age 31) were married at Ehrenburg Palace. She by marriage Duchess Kent and Strathearn. She the daughter of Francis Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha and Augusta Reuss Duchess Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 61). He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 79) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 74). They were third cousin once removed.

On 01 Jun 1818 [his son] Adolphus Hanover 1st Duke Cambridge (age 44) and [his daughter-in-law] Princess Augusta Hesse-Kassel Duchess Cambridge (age 20) were married. She by marriage Duchess Cambridge. The difference in their ages was 23 years. He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 79) and Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 74). They were second cousins. She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 11 Jul 1818 [his son] King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 52) and [his daughter-in-law] Queen Adelaide of England (age 25) were married at Kew, Surrey. She by marriage Duchess Clarence and St Andrews. The difference in their ages was 26 years. He the son of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 80).

On 17 Nov 1818 [his wife] Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 74) died.

Death of King George III

On 29 Jan 1820 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 81) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. His reign the third longest after Victoria and Elizabeth II. His son [his son] King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 57) succeeded IV King Great Britain and Ireland. [his daughter-in-law] Caroline of Brunswick Queen Consort England (age 51) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Funeral of King George III

On 16 Feb 1820 King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (deceased) was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle [Map].

Death of Princess Charlotte

Adeline Horsey Recollections. After my dear mother's death I visited a great deal with my father (age 53), and one year we went for the shooting to Lord Huntingfield's place, Heveningham Hall, Suffolk. I slept in the bedroom once occupied by the famous Chevalier d'Éon, who had been a frequent guest at Heveningham, and about whom there were many stories told. It was said that the Chevalier was the one and only lover of cross-grained [his former wife] Queen Charlotte, and that her son, [his son] George IV, was the result of their intimacy, although his paternity was of course admitted by King George III. The animosity always displayed by the old Queen to her grand-daughter, Princess Charlotte, was supposed to arise from the fact that as heiress to the throne she innocently dispossessed the other Royal Dukes from the succession. It is certainly a fact that the Princess's untimely death in childbirth was attributed to foul play at the time, and when later the accoucheur Sir Richard Croft, committed suicide, all classes of society were loud in condemnation of the Queen and the Prince Regent. I do not vouch for the accuracy of Queen Charlotte's love affair. I only give the Heveningham gossip as I heard it.

Note A. D'Eon was undoubtedly one of the most picturesque and mysterious personages of the eighteenth century I was naturally interested in these somewhat scandalous stories.

The Chevalier died when he was eighty-three years of age, after a most extraordinary career. He was at one time aide-de-camp to the Comte de Broglie, and fought in the French army; but later on for some mysterious reason he discarded man's attire and passed as a woman for thirty-four years. Often when I went into my room I half expected to see a ghostly figure seated at the escritoire where the Chevalier wrote his secret cipher communications, and I wondered whether the brocade crowns and frills and furbelows that he wore as a woman had ever hung in the old wardrobe which I used.

My father and I also stayed with the Westmorlands at Apethorpe Hall; we visited the Earl (age 38) and Countess of Chichester (age 36) at Stanmer Park, and we were welcome guests at Cadlands, Silverlands, Chiswick House, West Park, and my uncle Lord Stradbroke's place, Henham Hall, which was afterwards burnt down.

I had visited Deene Park, Northamptonshire [Map] with my mother in 1842, but I must deal with my future home in the chapter devoted to Deene and its associations.

Royal Ancestors of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820

Kings Wessex: Great x 21 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 18 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 24 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 19 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Grand Son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland

Kings Scotland: Great x 14 Grand Son of Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 17 Grand Son of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 11 Grand Son of Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France

Royal Descendants of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820

King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland x 1

King William IV of the United Kingdom x 1

Ernest Augustus King Hanover x 1

Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom x 1

Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England x 1

Ancestors of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland 1738-1820

Great x 1 Grandfather: King George I of Great Britain and Ireland Great Grand Son of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland

GrandFather: King George II of Great Britain and Ireland Son of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland

Great x 1 Grandmother: Sophia Dorothea Hanover Queen Consort England 14 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Father: Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales Son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland

Great x 1 Grandfather: John Frederick Hohenzollern 14 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

GrandMother: Caroline Hohenzollern Queen Consort England 15 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

King George III of Great Britain and Ireland Grand Son of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland

Great x 1 Grandfather: Frederick Saxe Coburg Altenburg I Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg 10 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

GrandFather: Frederick Saxe Coburg Altenburg II Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg 11 x Great Grand Son of King Edward III of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Duchess Magdalena Sibylle of Saxe Gotha Altenburg 14 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Mother: Augusta Saxe Coburg Altenburg 12 x Great Grand Daughter of King Edward III of England

GrandMother: Magdalena Augusta Anhalt Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg