Biography of Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

Paternal Family Tree: Luxemburg

Maternal Family Tree: Jeanne Sabran

Descendants Family Tree: Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

1414 Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

1433 John Duke of Bedford marries Jacquetta Luxemburg

1435 Death of John of Bedford

1460 January Raid on Sandwich

1464 Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

1465 Marriage of John Woodville and Catherine Neville

1469 Execution of the Yorkists

1472 Death of Jacquetta of Luxembourg

On 08 May 1405 [her father] Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 15) and [her mother] Margherita Baux (age 11) were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 24 Nov 1413 [her future husband] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 24) was created 1st Earl Richmond.

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

On 16 May 1414 King Henry V of England (age 27) created Dukedoms for his two brothers:

[her future brother-in-law] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester, 1st Earl Pembroke.

[her future husband] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 24) was created 1st Duke Bedford, 1st Earl Kendal.

In 1415 Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford was born to Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 25) and Margherita Baux (age 21).

On 13 May 1423 [her future husband] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 33) and Anne Valois Duchess of Bedford (age 18) were married at Troyes, France [Map]. She by marriage Duchess Bedford She the daughter of John "Fearless" Valois Duke Burgundy and Margaret Wittelsbach Duchess Burgundy. He the son of King Henry IV of England and Mary Bohun. They were third cousins. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

In or before 1430 William Haute (age 40) and [her future sister-in-law] Joan Woodville (age 20) were married.

In 1430 [her father] Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 40) was created I Count Saint Pol.

In 1433 [her future husband] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 43) was created 1st Duke Bedford. It isn't clear what had happened to the original title? Possibly re-created with a different remainder?

Chronicle of Gregory 1433. 22 Apr 1433. And the same year the [her husband] Duke of Bedforde (age 43), and Regyant of Fraunce, weddyde the [her father] dukys (age 43)1 daughter (age 18) of Syn Powle the xxij2 day at Tyruyn [Map]3.

Note 1. He was Count Saint Pol rather than Duke.

Note 2. of April.

Note 3. Thérouanne [Map].

John Duke of Bedford marries Jacquetta Luxemburg

On 22 Apr 1433 John Duke Bedford (age 43) and Jacquetta Luxemburg (age 18) were married at Thérouanne [Map]. She by marriage Duchess Bedford. The difference in their ages was 25 years. She the daughter of Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 43) and Margherita Baux (age 39). He the son of King Henry IV of England and Mary Bohun. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

The marriage caused a rift with Philip "Good" Duke Burgundy (age 36), John's late wife's brother, who regarded the marriage, some five months after his sister's death, an insult to her memory. There was no issue from the marriage with John dying a year and a half later.

On 31 Aug 1433 [her father] Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 43) died of plague at Rambures, Somme. His son [her brother] Louis Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol (age 15) succeeded I Count Saint Pol.

Death of John of Bedford

On 14 Sep 1435 [her husband] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 46) died at Rouen Castle [Map] without legitimate issue. Duke Bedford, Duke Bedford, Earl Kendal and Earl Richmond extinct. [her brother-in-law] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester (age 44) became heir to the throne.

Before 1437 Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 32) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol and Margherita Baux (age 42). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Around 1437 [her daughter] Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 32) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 22) at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire [Map].

Around 1438 [her son] Lewis Woodville was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 33) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 23).

Around 1438 [her daughter] Anne Woodville Viscountess Bourchier was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 33) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 23) at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire [Map].

Around 1440 [her son] Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 35) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 25).

Around 1445 [her son] John Woodville was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 40) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 30).

Around 1445 [her daughter] Jacquetta Woodville Baroness Strange and Mohun was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 40) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 30).

In 1447 [her son] Bishop Lionel Woodville was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 42) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 32) in Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire [Map].

On 09 May 1448 [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 43) was created 1st Baron Rivers by King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 26). Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 33) by marriage Baroness Rivers.

In 1450 [her son] Lewis Woodville (age 12) died.

On 27 Mar 1450 [her son-in-law] John Strange 8th Baron Strange Knockin 4th Baron Mohun Dunster (age 6) and [her daughter] Jacquetta Woodville Baroness Strange and Mohun (age 5) were married. She the daughter of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 45) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 35).

In 1452 [her daughter] Joan aka Eleanor Woodville was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 47) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 37).

Calendars. 01 Feb 1452. Grant to Edmund, earl of Richemond (age 21), the king’s uterine brother, in tail male, of the remainder of the third part of the manor of Ludford, co. Lincoln, which Jacquetta, [dowager]duchess of Bedford (age 37), holds in dower for life of the inheritance of John, duke of Bedford, sometime her husband; grant also to him in tail male of the remaining two parts thereof from Michaelmas last. By K. ete.

In 1453 [her son] Richard Woodville 3rd Earl Rivers was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 48) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 38).

Around 1454 [her son-in-law] John Grey (age 22) and [her daughter] Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 49) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 39). He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

In 1454 [her daughter] Margaret Woodville Countess Arundel was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 49) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 39).

Around 1456 [her daughter] Mary Woodville Countess Pembroke and Huntingdon was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 51) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 41).

Around 1456 [her son] Edward Woodville Lord Scales was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 51) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 41).

Around 1458 [her daughter] Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford was born to [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 53) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 43).

1460 January Raid on Sandwich

On 15 Jan 1460 Yorkist forces commanded by John Dynham 1st Baron Dynham (age 27) and Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 31) raided Sandwich, Kent [Map] capturing a number of Lancastrian ships. In addition, the Woodville family: [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 55), his wife Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 45) and their son [her son] Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 20) were captured.

Chronicle of Gregory 1459. 15 Jan 1460. But the Erle of Warwycke (age 31) come unto Sondewyche [Map], and there he toke the [her husband] Lord Rivers (age 55) with his ladye (age 45), the lady and Duchyes of Bedfordeb and brought them to Calys, for he was commaundyd to have londyd at C[a]lys by the King, but he was brought there sonner then him lekyd.

Note b. Jaquetta (age 45), widow of the [her former husband] Regent Bedford. She was the daughter of [her father] Peter of Luxemburg, Count of St. Pol, and soon after her first husband's death married Sir Richard Woodville (age 55), who was created Baron Rivers by Henry VI. in 1448, and Earl Rivers by Edward IV. (who was his son-in law) in 1466.

In 1462 [her sister-in-law] Joan Woodville (age 53) died.

Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

On 01 May 1464 [her son-in-law] King Edward IV of England (age 22) and [her daughter] Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 27) were married at Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire [Map]. Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 49), Elizabeth's mother, being the only witness. The date not certain. She the daughter of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 59) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 49). He the son of Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke of York and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 48). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

After 01 May 1464 [her son] Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 24) and [her daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Scales Countess Rivers were married. He by marriage Baron Scales. See Woodville Marriages. He the son of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 59) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 49). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

In 1465 [her son] John Woodville (age 20) was created Knight of the Bath.

Marriage of John Woodville and Catherine Neville

In Jan 1465 [her son] John Woodville (age 20) and [her daughter-in-law] Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk (age 65) were married. Described as a 'Diabolical Marriage' by opponents of the Woodvilles. He being nineteen, she sixty-five. His first wife, her fourth husband. Regarded as an example of the Woodville family increasing their wealth and power. See Woodville Marriages The difference in their ages was 45 years; she, unusually, being older than him. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland. He the son of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 60) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 50). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

In 1466 [her son-in-law] Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 11) and [her daughter] Catherine Woodville Duchess Buckingham Duchess Bedford (age 8) were married. She by marriage Duchess of Buckingham. See Woodville Marriages. She the daughter of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 61) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 51). He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 17 Feb 1466 [her son-in-law] Thomas Fitzalan 17th Earl of Arundel (age 16) and [her daughter] Margaret Woodville Countess Arundel (age 12) were married. See Woodville Marriages. She the daughter of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 61) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 51). He the son of William Fitzalan 16th Earl of Arundel (age 48) and Joan Neville Countess Arundel. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Before Mar 1466 [her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 61) was created 1st Earl Rivers by [her son-in-law] King Edward IV of England (age 23).

On 01 Sep 1466 a double wedding ceremony was held whereby two siblings, children of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke (age 43) married:

[her son-in-law] William Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Huntingdon (age 15) and [her daughter] Mary Woodville Countess Pembroke and Huntingdon (age 10) were married. See Woodville Marriages. She the daughter of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 61) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 51). He the son of William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 43) and Anne Devereux (age 36).

Thomas Talbot 2nd Viscount Lisle (age 17) and Margaret Herbert Viscountess Lisle were married. She the daughter of William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 43) and Anne Devereux (age 36). He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

In 1467 Thomas Cooke was charged with high treason for lending money to Margaret (age 36), the queen of the deposed Lancastrian King Henry VI (age 45), on the strength of a confession of a statement obtained under torture from one Hawkins. Chief Justice Markham directed the jury to find it only misprision of treason, whereby Cooke's lands and life were saved, though he was heavily fined and long imprisoned. While awaiting his trial in the Tower his effects, both at his town house and at Gidea Hall [Map], were seized by [her husband] Lord Rivers (age 62), then treasurer of England, and his wife was committed to the custody of the mayor. On his acquittal he was sent to the Bread Street compter [Map], and afterwards to the king's bench [Map], and was kept there until he paid eight thousand pounds to the [her son-in-law] king (age 24) and eight hundred pounds to the [her daughter] queen (age 30). Lord Rivers (age 62) and his wife (age 52), the Duchess of Bedford, also obtained the dismissal of Markham from his office for having determined that Cooke was not guilty of treason.

On or before 15 Aug 1467 [her son-in-law] William Bourchier Viscount Bourchier (age 37) and [her daughter] Anne Woodville Viscountess Bourchier (age 29) were married. An example of a Woodville marriage to a wealthy family which antagonised the nobilty - see Woodville Marriages. William Bourchier Viscount Bourchier (age 37) was heir to his father Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex (age 63). She the daughter of Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 62) and Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 52). He the son of Henry Bourchier 2nd Count Eu 1st Earl Essex (age 63) and Isabel York Countess Eu and Essex (age 58). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Execution of the Yorkists

On 12 Aug 1469 Woodvilles father and son were beheaded at Kenilworth Castle [Map] by supporters of Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 40).

[her husband] Richard Woodville 1st Earl Rivers (age 64) was beheaded. His son [her son] Anthony Woodville 2nd Earl Rivers (age 29) succeeded 2nd Earl Rivers. [her daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Scales Countess Rivers by marriage Countess Rivers.

[her son] John Woodville (age 24) was beheaded.

On 15 Nov 1469 [her mother] Margherita Baux (age 75) died.

Calendars. 21 Feb 1470. Exemplification, at tlie supplication of Jaquetta, duchess of Bedford (age 55), late, the wife of Richard, earl of Ryvers, of the tenour of an act in the great council, remaining in the office of the privy seal in the chamber of the great council called 'le Parlment chambre' within the palace of Westminster, made on 10 February, 9 Edward IV. In the presence of the king and the cardinal archbishop of Canterbury, the archbishop of York, the bishops of Bath, chancellor, Ely, treasui'er, Rochester, keeper of the privy seal, London, Durham and Carlisle, the earls of Warwick, Essex, Northumberland, Shrewsbury and Kent, and the lords Hastings, Mountjoye, Lyle, Cromwell, Scrope of Bolton, Saye and others a supplication addressed to the king on behialf of the said duchess and two schedules in paper annexed were openly read, and afterwards his highness by the advice of the said lords of the council accepting the declaration of the said lady commanded the same to be enacted of record and letters of exemplification to be made. The tenours of the supplication and schedules above mentioned ensue in this wise. The duchess complains that Thomas Wake, esquire, in the time of tlie late trouble caused her to be brought in a common noise and slander of witchcraft throughout a great part of the realm, insomuch as he caused to be brought to Warwick to divers of the lords present when the king was last there an image of lead made like a man of arms of the length of a man's finger broken in the middle and made fast with a wire, saying that it was made by her to use with witchcraft and sorcery, and for the performing of his malicious intent entreated one John Daunger, parish clerk of Stoke Brewerne, co. Northampton, to say that there were two other images made by her, one for the king and one for the queen, whereunto the said John Daunger neither could nor would be entreated, and the king commandeil the siMd Wake and John Daunger to attend upon the bishop of Carlisle, the earl of Northumberland, the lords Hastyuges and Mountjoye and Master Roger Radcliff to be examined, and their examination is here annexed, and in the great council on 19 January last she was cleared of the said slander, wherefore she prays that the same may be enacted of record. Thomas Wake says that this image was shown and left in Stoke with an honest person who delivered it to the clerk of the church and so showed it to divers neighbours after to the parson in the church openly to men both of Schytlanger and Stoke and after it was; shown iu Sewrisley, a nunnery, and to many other persons, and of all this he heard or wist nothing till after it was sent him by Thomas Kymbell from the said clerk. John Daunger of Shetyllanger said that Thomas Wake sent to him one Thomas Kymbell, then his bailiff, and bad the said John send him the image of lead that he had and so he .sent it, at which time he heard no witchcraft of the lady of Bedford, and that the image was delivered to him by one Harry Kyngeston of Stoke, who found it in his house after the departing of soldiers, antl that the said Tiiomas Wake after he came from London from the king sent for him and said that he had excused himself and laid all the blame on John and bad him say that he durst not keep the image and for that cause sent it to Thomas and also bad him say that there were two other images, one for the king and one for the queen, but he refused to say so. English. [Rolls of Parliament, VI. 232.] By p.s. [3033.]

Letters. 1471. Letter XXXVIII. Anne Countess of Warwick (age 14) to the House of Commons.

To the right worshipful and discreet Commons of this present Parliament.

Sheweth unto your wisdoms and discretions the king's true liege woman, Anne countess of Warwick, which never offended his most redoubted highness; for she, immediately after the death of her lord and husband (age 17) - on whose soul God have mercy - for none offence by her done, but dreading only trouble, being that time within this realm, entered into the sanctuary of Beaulieu [Map] for surety of her person, to dispose for the weal and health of the soul of her said lord and husband, as right and conscience required her so to do; making within five days, or near thereabouts, after her entry into the said sanctuary, her labours, suits, and means to the king's highness for her safeguard, to be had as diligently and effectually as her power would extend. She not ceasing, but after her power continiling in such labours, suits, and means, insomuch that, in absence of clerks, she hath written letters in that behalf to the king's highness with her own hand, and not only making such labours, suits, and means to the king's highness, soothly also to the [her daughter] queen's (age 34) good grace, to my right redoubted lady the king's mother, to my lady the king's eldest daughter, to my lords the king's brethren, to my ladies the king's sisters, to my lady of Bedford (age 56), mother to the queen, and to other ladies noble of this realm; in which labours, suits, and means, she hath continued hitherto, and so will continue, as she owes to do, till it may please the king, of his most good and noble grace, to have consideration that, during the life of her said lord and husband, she was covert baron, which point she remits to your great wisdoms, and that after his decease, all the time of her being in the said sainctuary, she hath duly kept her fidelity and liegeance, and obeyed the king's commandments. Howbeity it hath pleased the king's highness, by some sinister information to his said highness made, to direct his most dread letters to the abbot of the monastery of Beaulieu, with right sharp commandment that such persons as his highness sent to the said monastery should have guard and strait keeping of her person, which was and is to her great heart's grievance, she specially fearing that the privileges and liberties of the church, by such keeping of her person, might be interrupted and violated, where the privileges of the said sanctuary were never so largely attempted unto this time, as is said; yet the said Anne and Countess, under protestations by her made, hath suffered strait keeping of her person and yet doth, that her fidelity and liegeance to the king's highness the better might be understood, hoping she might the rather have had largess to make suits to the king's highness in her own person for her livelihood and rightful inheritance, which livelihood and inheritance, with all revenues and profits thereto pertaining, with her jointure also, and dower of the earldom of Salisbury, fully and wholly hath been restrained from her, from the time of the death of her said lord and husband unto this day. And forasmuch as our sovereign lord the king of his great grace hath set and assembled his high court of Parliament for reformations, right, and equity to all his subjects and liege people duly to be ministered, the said Anne and Countess humbly beseecheth your great wisdom to ponder and weigh in your consciences her right and true title of her inheritance, as the earldom of Warwick and Spencer's lands, to which she is rightfully born by lineal succession, and also her jointure and dower of the earldom of Salisbury aforesaid. And to shew her your benevolence, that by the king's good grace and authority of this his noble Parliament she may to her foresaid livelihood and rightful inheritance duly be restored and it enjoy, as the laws of Almighty God and of this noble realm, right, also, and conscience doth require; beseeching heartily your great goodnesses, in the reverence of Almighty God and of his most blessed mother, will of grace to consider the poor estate she stands in, how in her own person she may not solicit the premises as she would, an she might, nor is of power any sufficient solicitor in this behalf to make; and though she might, as (she; may not, there is none that dare take it upon him; to have also this poor bill in your tender remembrance, that your perfect charity and good will may solicit the eflFect of the same, which to do, her power at this time may not extend. And shall pray and do pray to God for you.

Death of Jacquetta of Luxembourg

On 30 May 1472 Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 57) died. Not known where she was buried.

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More. Of these two, the one had a sermon in praise of the Protector before the coronation, the other after; both so full of tedious flattery that no man's ears could abide them. Penker in his sermon so lost his voice that he was glad to leave off and come down in the midst. Doctor Shaa by his sermon lost his honesty and soon after his life, for very shame of the world, into which he dared never after come abroad. But the friar cared not for shame, and so it harmed him the less. However, some doubt and many think that Penker was not of counsel of the matter before the coronation, but after the common manner fell to flattery afterwards; namely, because his sermon was not immediately after it, but at Saint Mary's Hospital on the Easter after. But certain is it that Doctor Shaa was of counsel in the beginning so far forth that they determined he should first break the matter in a sermon at Paul's Cross, in which he should, by the authority of his preaching, incline the people to the Protector's ghostly purpose.

But now was all the labor and study in the device of some appropriate pretext for which the people should be content to depose the Prince and accept the Protector for king, for which diverse things they devised. But the chief thing, and the most weighty of all that invention, rested in this: they should allege bastardy, either in King Edward himself, or in his children, or both, so that he should seem unable to inherit the crown by the Duke of York, and the Prince by him. To lay bastardy in King Edward sounded openly to the rebuke of the Protector's own mother, who was mother to them both; for in that point could be none other color, but to pretend that his own mother was one adulteress, which, not withstanding, to further his purpose he omitted not; but nevertheless, he would the point should be less and more favorably handled, not even fully plain and directly, but that the matter should be touched upon, craftily, as though men spared, in that point, to speak all the truth for fear of his displeasure. But the other point, concerning the bastardy that they devised to surmise in King Edward's children, that would he be openly declared and enforced to the uttermost. The color and pretext whereof cannot be well perceived but if we first repeat to you some things long before done about King Edward's marriage.

After King Edward the Fourth had deposed King Henry the Sixth and was in peaceful possession of the realm, determining himself to marry, as it was requisite both for himself and for the realm, he sent over in embassy the Earl of Warwick with other noble men in his company unto Spain to entreat and conclude a marriage between King Edward and the king's daughter of Spain. In which thing the Earl of Warwick found the parties so toward and willing that he speedily, according to his instructions, without any difficulty brought the matter to a very good conclusion.

Now it happened in the meanwhile that there came to make a suit by petition to the King, [her daughter] Dame Elizabeth Gray, who was after his Queen, at that time a widow born of noble blood, specially by her mother, who was Duchess of Bedford before she married the Lord Woodville, Elizabeth's father. However, this Dame Elizabeth, herself being in service with Queen Margaret, wife unto King Henry the Sixth, was married unto one John Gray, a squire, whom King Henry made knight upon the battlefield where he had fought on Shrove Tuesday at Saint Albans against King Edward. And little while enjoyed he that knighthood, for he was at the same field slain. After he had died, and the Earl of Warwick being in his embassy about the before mentioned marriage, this poor lady made humble suit unto the King that she might be restored unto such small lands as her late husband had given her during their marriage. Whom when the King beheld and heard her speak, as she was both fair, of a good favor, moderate of stature, well made and very wise, he not only pitied her, but also grew enamored with her. And taking her afterward secretly aside, began to enter into talking more familiarly. Whose appetite, when she perceived it, she virtuously denied him. But that did she so wisely, and with so good manner, and words so well set, that she rather kindled his desire than quenched it. And finally after many a meeting, much wooing, and many great promises, she well spied the King's affection toward her so greatly increased that she dared somewhat the more boldly say her mind, as to him whose heart she perceived more firmly set than to fall off for a word. And in conclusion she showed him plain that as she knew herself too simple to be his wife, so thought she herself too good to be his concubine. The King, much marveling at her constancy, as he that had not been wont elsewhere to be so stiffly told nay, so much esteemed her continence and chastity that he set her virtue in the place of possession and riches. And thus taking counsel of his desire, determined in all possible haste to marry her. And after he was thus resolved, and there had between them an agreement been assured, then asked he counsel of his other friends, and in such manner, as they might easily perceive it remedied not greatly to say nay.

Royal Ancestors of Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

Kings Wessex: Great x 12 Grand Daughter of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 10 Grand Daughter of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 8 Grand Daughter of Louis VII King Franks

Kings France: Great x 9 Grand Daughter of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Royal Descendants of Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England x 1

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 24

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 4

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 50

Ancestors of Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 1415-1472

Great x 4 Grandfather: Waleran I of Luxemburg 5 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Waleran II of Luxemburg 6 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jeanne Dame Beaurevoir

Great x 2 Grandfather: John Luxemburg Lord of Ligby 7 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Guy of Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol and Ligny 8 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Guillaume Dampierre 5 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Guy of Dampierre Richebourg 6 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Alix Clermont 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Alix Dampierre 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

GrandFather: John Luxemburg Count St Pol 3 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Guy Chatillon III Count Saint Pol 4 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Guy Chatillon IV Count Saint Pol 5 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Jean Chatillon Count Saint Pol Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Capet II Duke Brittany 5 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Marie Capet Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Beatrice Plantagenet Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Mathilde Chatillon Countess Saint Pol 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William Fiennes

Great x 3 Grandfather: Jean Fiennes 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Blanche Beaumont 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Jeanne Fiennes 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Guy Dampierre Count Flanders 4 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabelle Dampierre 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabelle Luxemburg Countess Flanders 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Father: Peter Luxemburg I Count Saint Pol 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry III of England

Great x 1 Grandfather: Louis Count of Enghien

GrandMother: Margaret Brienne

Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry III of England

GrandFather: Francesco Baux 1st Duke Andria

Mother: Margherita Baux 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Romano Orsini

Great x 2 Grandfather: Roberto Orsini Count 2 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Guy Montfort Count Nola Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Anastasia Montfort Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margherita Aldobrandesca

Great x 1 Grandfather: Nicholas Orsini Count 3 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Sueva del Balzo

GrandMother: Sueva Orsini 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Jeanne Sabran