John Evelyn's Diary 1693
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 January
Jan 1693. Contest in Parliament about a self-denying Act, that no Parliament man should have any office; it wanted only two or three voices to have been carried. The Duke of Norfolk's (37) bill for a divorce thrown out, he having managed it very indiscreetly. The quarrel between Admiral Russell (40) and Lord Nottingham (45) yet undetermined.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 February
04 Feb 1693. After five days' trial and extraordinary contest, the Lord Mohun (18) was acquitted by the Lords of the murder of Montford, the player, notwithstanding the judges, from the pregnant witnesses of the fact, had declared him guilty; but whether in commiseration of his youth, being not eighteen years old, though exceedingly dissolute, or upon whatever other reason, the King (42) himself present some part of the trial, and satisfied, as they report, that he was culpable. 69 acquitted him, only 14 condemned him.
Unheard of stories of the universal increase of witches in New England; men, women, and children, devoting themselves to the devil, so as to threaten the subversion of the government. At the same time there was a conspiracy among the negroes in Barbadoes to murder all their masters, discovered by overhearing a discourse of two of the slaves, and so preventing the execution of the design. Hitherto an exceedingly mild winter. France in the utmost misery and poverty for want of corn and subsistence, while the ambitious King is intent to pursue his conquests on the rest of his neighbors both by sea and land. Our Admiral, Russell (40), laid aside for not pursuing the advantage he had obtained over the French in the past summer; three others chosen in his place. Dr. Burnet (49), Bishop of Salisbury's book burned by the hangman for an expression of the King's title by conquest, on a complaint of Joseph How, a member of Parliament, little better than a madman.
19 Feb 1693. The Bishop of Lincoln (56) preached in the afternoon at the Tabernacle near Golden Square, set up by him. Proposals of a marriage between Mr. Draper and my daughter Susanna (24). Hitherto an exceedingly warm winter, such as has seldom been known, and portending an unprosperous spring as to the fruits of the earth; our climate requires more cold and winterly weather. The dreadful and astonishing earthquake swallowing up Catania, and other famous and ancient cities, with more than 100,000 persons in Sicily, on 11th January last, came now to be reported among us.
26 Feb 1693. An extraordinary deep snow, after almost no winter, and a sudden gentle thaw. A deplorable earthquake at Malta, since that of Sicily, nearly as great.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 March
19 Mar 1693. A new Secretary of State, Sir John Trenchard (43); the Attorney-General, Somers (42), made Lord-Keeper, a young lawyer of extraordinary merit. King William (42) goes toward Flanders; but returns, the wind being contrary.
31 Mar 1693. I met the King (42) going to Gravesend to embark in his yacht for Holland.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 April
23 Apr 1693. An extraordinary wet spring.
27 Apr 1693. My daughter Susanna (24) was married to William Draper, Esq, in the chapel of Ely House, by Dr. Tenison (56), Bishop of Lincoln (since Archbishop). I gave her in portion £4,000, her jointure is £500 per annum. I pray Almighty God to give his blessing to this marriage! She is a good child, religious, discreet, ingenious, and qualified with all the ornaments of her sex. She has a peculiar talent in design, as painting in oil and miniature, and an extraordinary genius for whatever hands can do with a needle. She has the French tongue, has read most of the Greek and Roman authors and poets, using her talents with great modesty; exquisitely shaped, and of an agreeable countenance. This character is due to her, though coming from her father. Much of this week spent in ceremonies, receiving visits and entertaining relations, and a great part of the next in returning visits.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 May
11 May 1693. We accompanied my daughter (24) to her husband's house, where with many of his and our relations we were magnificently treated. There we left her in an apartment very richly adorned and furnished, and I hope in as happy a condition as could be wished, and with the great satisfaction of all our friends; for which God be praised!.
14 May 1693. Nothing yet of action from abroad. Muttering of a design to bring forces under color of an expected descent, to be a standing army for other purposes. Talk of a declaration of the French King (54), offering mighty advantages to the confederates, exclusive of King William (42); and another of King James (59), with an universal pardon, and referring the composing of all differences to a Parliament. These were yet but discourses; but something is certainly under it. A declaration or manifesto from King James (59), so written, that many thought it reasonable, and much more to the purpose than any of his former.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 June
Jun 1693. Whitsunday. I went to my Lord Griffith's chapel; the common church office was used for the King without naming the person, with some other, apposite to the necessity and circumstances of the time.
21 Jun 1693. I saw a great auction of pictures in the Banqueting house, Whitehall. They had been my Lord Melford's (42), now Ambassador from King James (59) at Rome, and engaged to his creditors here. Lord Mulgrave (45) and Sir Edward Seymour (60) came to my house, and desired me to go with them to the sale. Divers more of the great lords, etc., were there, and bought pictures dear enough. There were some very excellent of Vandyke, Rubens, and Bassan. Lord Godolphin (48) bought the picture of the Boys, by Murillo the Spaniard, for 80 guineas, dear enough; my nephew Glanville, the old Earl of Arundel's head by Rubens, for £20. Growing late, I did not stay till all were sold.
24 Jun 1693. A very wet hay harvest, and little summer as yet.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 July
09 Jul 1693. Mr. Tippin, successor of Dr. Parr at Camberwell, preached an excellent sermon.
13 Jul 1693. I saw the Queen's (31) rare cabinets and collection of china; which was wonderfully rich and plentiful, but especially a large cabinet, looking-glass frame and stands, all of amber, much of it white, with historical bas-reliefs and statues, with medals carved in them, esteemed worth £4,000, sent by the Duke of Brandenburgh, whose country, Prussia, abounds with amber, cast up by the sea; divers other China and Indian cabinets, screens, and hangings. In her library were many books in English, French, and Dutch, of all sorts; a cupboard of gold plate; a cabinet of silver filagree, which I think was our Queen Mary's, and which, in my opinion, should have been generously sent to her.
18 Jul 1693. I dined with Lord Mulgrave (45), with the Earl of Devonshire (53), Mr. Hampden (40) (a scholar and fine gentleman), Dr. Davenant, Sir Henry Vane, and others, and saw and admired the Venus of Correggio, which Lord Mulgrave (45) had newly bought of Mr. Daun for £250; one of the best paintings I ever saw.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 August
06 Aug 1693. Very lovely harvest weather, and a wholesome season, but no garden fruit.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 October
31 Oct 1693. A very wet and uncomfortable season.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 November
12 Nov 1693. Lord Nottingham (46) resigned as Secretary of State; the Commissioners of the Admiralty ousted, and Russell (40) restored to his office. The season continued very wet, as it had nearly all the summer, if one might call it summer, in which there was no fruit, but corn was very plentiful.
14 Nov 1693. In the lottery set up after the Venetian manner by Mr. Neale, Sir R. Haddock, one of the Commissioners of the Navy, had the greatest lot, £3,000; my coachman £40.
17 Nov 1693. Was the funeral of Captain Young, who died of the stone and great age. I think he was the first who in the first war with Cromwell against Spain, took the Governor of Havanna, and another rich prize, and struck the first stroke against the Dutch fleet in the first war with Holland in the time of the Rebellion; a sober man and an excellent seaman.
John Evelyn's Diary 1693 December
03 Dec 1693. Mr. Bentley preached at the Tabernacle, near Golden Square. I gave my voice for him to proceed on his former subject the following year in Mr. Boyle's lecture, in which he had been interrupted by the importunity of Sir J. Rotheram that the Bishop of Chichester (59) might be chosen the year before, to the great dissatisfaction of the Bishop of Lincoln (57) and myself. We chose Mr. Bentley again. The Duchess of Grafton's (38) appeal to the House of Lords for the Prothonotary's place given to the late Duke and to her son by King Charles II, now challenged by the Lord Chief Justice. The judges were severely reproved on something they said.
10 Dec 1693. A very great storm of thunder and lightning.