Biography of King Henry V of England 1386-1422

1399 Death of John of Gaunt

1399 Coronation of Henry IV

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1403 Battle of Shrewsbury

1403 Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

1413 Coronation of Henry V

1413 Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

1414 Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

1415 Southampton Plot

1415 Siege of Harfleur

1415 Battle of Agincourt

1416 Visit of Sigismund Holy Roman Emperor

1416 Meeting of Henry V and the Duke of Burgundy

1418 Siege of Rouen

1420 Treaty of Troyes

1420 Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

1420 Funeral of Thomas Fitzgerald

1421 Battle of Baugé

1421 Siege of Meaux

1422 Death of Henry V

1422 Funeral of Henry V

1437 Death of Dowager Queen Consort Catherine of Valois

1441 Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

On 05 Feb 1381 [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (13) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (13) were married at Arundel Castle. They were second cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

On 09 Aug 1386 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 was appointed Duke Cornwall.

On 09 Aug 1386 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 was born to [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (19) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (18) at Monmouth Castle.

On 04 Jun 1394 [his sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 was born to Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (27) and Mary Bohun 1368-1394 (26) at Peterborough Castle. His mother (26) died in childbirth. She was buried at Church of the Annunciation of our Lady of the Newark.

In 1399 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (12) was created Prince of Wales.

In 1399 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (12) was appointed 93rd Knight of the Garter by [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31).

Death of John of Gaunt

On 03 Feb 1399 [his grandfather] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (58) died at Leicester Castle. Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster 1350-1403 (48) was by his side. He was buried at St Paul's Cathedral.

He was buried in the Choir of St Paul's Cathedral with his first wife [his grandmother] Blanche Plantagenet Duchess Lancaster 1345-1368 (53).

[his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (31) succeeded 2nd Duke Lancaster 2C 1362, 7th Earl of Leicester 2C 1265.

King Richard II of England 1367-1400 (32) witheld [his father] the future Henry IV's (31) inheritance from him giving [his father] Henry (31) reason to return to England to claim his lands and titles.

Coronation of Henry IV

On 13 Oct 1399 [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32) was crowned IV King England at Westminster Abbey by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (46).

Robert Braybrooke Bishop of London -1404 carried the sacraments and said mass.

The future King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (13) carried the Sword Curtana. Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick 1338-1401 (61) and/or [his uncle] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset Dorset 1373-1410 (26) carried a sword wrapped in red and bound with golden straps symbolising two-fold mercy. Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland 1341-1408 (57) carried the Lancaster Sword.

Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (56) carried the Steward's baton. Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (44) carried a Sword.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (21) was appointed Knight of the Bath. [his brother] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (10), John Arundell 1366-1435 (33) and Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (17) were knighted.

Richard Scrope Archbishop of York 1350-1405 (49) attended.

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On 10 Nov 1399 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (13) was created 1st Duke Lancaster 3C 1399 by [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (32).

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:

Henry, prince of Wales (14).

Edmund, duke of York (59).

Edward, earl of Rutland (28).

Thomas, earl of Arundel (19).

[his uncle] John, earl of Somerset (28).

Edmund, earl of Stafford (22).

Henry, earl of Northumberland (59).

Ralph, earl of Westmorland (37).

Thomas, earl of Worcester (58).

Michael, earl of Suffolk (40).

Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor (30).

Thomas, Lord Berkeley (49).

John, Lord Charlton.

Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin (39).

Thomas, Lord Camoys (50).

Thomas, Lord Furnivall (39).

Robert, Lord Scales (29).

John, Lord Beaumont.

William, Lord Willoughby (31).

Hugh, Lord Burnell (54).

William, Lord Ferrers of Groby (28).

William, Lord Bergavenny (58).

John, Lord Lovell (60).

Robert, Lord Harrington (45).

Richard Lescrope (74).

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Battle of Shrewsbury

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1403. And that yere, the yere of our Lorde Mcccc iiij, was the batylle of Shrouysbury, that was uppon Mary Mawdelyn Evyn, in the whyche bataylle Syr Harry Percy (38) was sayle1, and Thomas Percy (60) was i-takynne and kept iij dayes aftyr, and thenne he was drawe, hanggyd, quarteryd, and be-heddyd; and the quarters was sende one unto London Brygge. And in the same bataylle was the Prynce (16) shotte thorowe the hedde with an arowe, and the Erle of Stafforde (24) was i-slayne in the kyngys cote armure undyr his baner, and many mo lordys and knyghtes lost there lyvys, and squyers and many a goode yemon. For hit was one of the wyrste bataylys that evyr came to Inglonde, and unkyndyst, for there was the fadyr a-yenst the sone and the sone ayenste the fadyr, and brother and cosyn a-yenste eche othyr.

Note 1. sayle. So in MS., but the reading ought certainly to have been slain.

Marriage of Henry IV and Joanna of Navarre

On 07 Feb 1403 [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (35) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) were married at Winchester. They were third cousins. He a grandson of King Edward III England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272. Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England 1370-1437 (33) was crowned Queen Consort England. His third marriage, her second. She had eight children with her first husband but, despite ten years of marriage, none with Henry.

Battle of Shrewsbury

On 21 Jul 1403 [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36), with his son the future King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (16), defeated the rebel army of Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39) at the Battle of Shrewsbury at the site now known as Battlefield Shrewsbury. King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (16) took an arrow to the side of his face leaving him severely scarred. John Stanley 1350-1414 (53) was wounded in the throat. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (36) fought and was awarded £38 and two of the rebel Henry's horses. Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (21) fought for the King. Walter Blount 1348-1403 (55), the King's Standard Bearer, was killed by Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine 1372-1424 (31).

Thomas Wendesley 1344-1403 (59) and Edmund Cockayne 1356-1403 (47) were killed.

Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford 1378-1403 (25) was killed. His son Humphrey Stafford succeeded 6th Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 7th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

Hugh Shirley 1351-1403 (52) was killed; he was one of four knights dressed as [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (36).

Of the rebels, Henry "Hotspur" Percy 1364-1403 (39), Madog Kynaston 1360-1403 (43) and John Clifton -1403 were killed. Thomas Percy 1st Earl Worcester 1343-1403 (60) was beheaded after the battle. Richard Vernon 1355-1403 (48) was hanged.

John Rossall -1403 was killed. His sister Eleanor Rossall 1377-1432 (26) inherited a half-share in the Rossall Shrewsbury estates.

John Massey 1338-1403 (65) was killed.

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On 28 Jan 1405 Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy 1396-1467 (8) and [his future sister-in-law] Michelle Valois Duchess Burgundy 1395-1422 (10) were married. They were second cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

On 26 Oct 1406 Eric King Norway King Denmark King Sweden 1381-1459 (25) and [his sister] Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Denmark 1394-1430 (12) were married. She a daughter of Henry IV King England 1367-1413.

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1410. And that yere ther was an heretyke, that was callyd John of Badby, that be-levyd nought in the Sacrament of the Auter, and he was brought unt[o] Smethefylde for to be brent, and bownde unto a stake; and Syr Harry Percy of Walys (23)1 conselyd hym to holde the very ryght beleve of Hooly Chyrche, and he shulde faylle nothyr lacke noo goode. Al so the Chaunceler of Oxynford, on Mayster Corteney, informyd hym in the faythe of Holy Chyrche, and the Pryour of Syn Bartholomewys brought the hooly sacrament with xij torchys and brought hyt before hym. And hyt was askyd howe that he be-levyde. Ande he answeryd and sayde that he wyste welle that hit was hooly brede, and nought Goodys oune blessyde body. And thenne was the tonne putt ovyr hym ande fyre put unto hym; and whenne he felde fyre he cryde marcy. And a-non the prynce commaundyd to take a wey the fyre, and hit was don soo anon. And then the prynce (23) askyd hym yf that he wolde for-sake hys heresy and be-leve on the faythe of alle Hooly Chyrche, and he wolde gyffe hym hys lyffe and goode i-nowe whyle he levyd; but he wolde nought, but contynuyde forthe in hys heresye. And thenne the prynce commaundyd hym up to be brende at onys, and soo he was. And John Gylott, vynter, he made ij wevers to be take, the whyche folowyd the same waye of heresy.

And the same tyme was the hurlynge in Estechepe by the lorde Thomas and the lorde John, the kyngys sone, &c.

Note 3. Percy. A clerical error. "Harry Prince of Wales" is the reading in other Chronicles.

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1411. Ande that same yere there com inbassetours to the kynge from the Duke of Burgeyne (39) for to have men sowdyd whithe hym ayenst the Duke of Orlyauns (16), but the kynge wolde not graunte hym non. And they spake unto the prynce (24), and he sende thedyr the Erle of Arundelle (29) and Syr John Oldecastelle, Lorde of Cobham, and many mo knygtys and squyers of thys londe.

In Nov 1411 [his brother] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (26) were married. They were first cousins once removed. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307.

Letter XXXIII Catherine Daughter of John of Gaunt Queen of Castile and Leon to her brother Henry IV. 1412. Letter XXXIII. [his aunt] Catherine Daughter of John of Gaunt Queen of Castile and Leon (38), to her brother Henry IV (44).

Most high and powerful Don Henry, by God's grace king of England and France, lord of Ireland, my most dear and beloved, and with all my heart, and with my entire mind, most cherished brother and lord, I, undoubted Queen of Castile and Leon, mother of the king and his guardian, and Governor of his realms, send to recommend myself to your favour and benediction, and much to salute you as him, to whom I pray that God would give as much health and life with honour as you yourself desire.

Most dear and beloved brother and lord, I entreat that by all means, as continually as you can, you will certify and let me know of your health, and life, and good estate and of the [his step-mother] Queen (42) your companion, my dearest and best-loved sister; and of the Prince of Wales (25), and the other princes your sons, my dearest and best-loved nephews; by which you will do me most singular pleasure and honour, and it will be a thing which will greatly please me, since it ia one of the most principal things of this world at which my heart is most joyous and consoled. And since, dearest and best-loved brother and lord, I know well that you will be pleased with the same thing, I certify and let you know, that, at the time when this letter was written, the said king my son (6), your dearest and best-loved nephew, and I, and the infantas Donna Maria (10) and Donna Catalina (9) my daughters, your dearest and best-loved nieces, are well, and in good disposition of our persons; praise to God, who thus grant us to continue, and by his same grace grant it to you at all times.

Moreover, dearest and best-loved brother and lord, we give you to know that, having seen your writing which you sent me by John de Samora, your messenger, and understood its contents, whereas I find there how you complain that the truce was past some days before a prolongation was fixed for another following year, according as he will make relation to you. About this, and, moreover, about the coming of your ambassadors, who should come to join themselves with those whom the king my son should send, to see and determine upon the damage and mischief which those who are injured have received of their own goods, f send to you the said John de Samora, who will speak of some things that he will have to say to you from me, and of others which have been already confirmed in my name, which he will tell you. Wherefore, dearest and best-beloved brother and lord, I request you that it would please you to give faith and credence to the things that he will say to you on my part in this matter. Dearest and best-loved brother and lord, may the Holy Trinity ever have you in his holy keeping! Written in the city of Valladolid, the 30th day of July. I THE Queen.

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In 1412 [his brother] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (23) was created 1st Duke Clarence 2C 1412 by Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (44). Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence 1385-1439 (27) by marriage Duchess Clarence.

Coronation of Henry V

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1413. Thes ben the namys of Mayrys of London and of the Sherevys of the same for-sayde cytte in the tyme of Kyng Harry the v (26), that was crownyd the ix day of Aprylle at Westemyster, the yere of oure Lorde MlCCCC xiij. And hyt was apon Passyon Sonday, and that was a fulle wete day of rayne.

In 1413 John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (17) was appointed 125th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26).

In 1413 John Abrichecourt -1415 was appointed 120th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26).

In 1413 Sigismund I King Hungary I King Germany I King Bohemia Holy Roman Emperor Luxemburg 1368-1437 (44) was appointed 127th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26).

In 1413 Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (27) was appointed 126th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26).

Death of King Henry IV Accession of Henry V

On 20 Mar 1413 [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) died in the Jerusalem Chamber Cheyneygates Westminster Abbey in Westminster Abbey confirming a prophesy that he would die in Jerusalem. His son King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) succeeded V King England. His sons King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) and Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (22) were present. He [his father] Henry IV King England 1367-1413 (45) was buried in the Chancel of Canterbury Cathedral.

Coronation of Henry V

On 09 Apr 1413 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (26) was crowned V King England by Thomas Fitzalan Archbishop York and Canterbury 1353-1414 (60) at Westminster Abbey.

Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (31) was appointed Lord High Steward. Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (55) was appointed Lord High Constable.

In 1414 Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (25) was appointed 121st Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (27).

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1414. Ande that yere the kyng (27) made to be brought the bonys of Kyng Rychard (46) to Westemyster, and they were beryd and put in his owne sepulture, that he let make hym selfe with Quene Anne his wyfe (47)8. [th]is was the laste yere of raygne of the fadyr, and the fyrste yere of the raygne of the sone, Kyng Harry the v.

Note 8. The words betweenb bare repeated in the MS.

In 1414 Nicholas IV Longford 1373-1415 (41) indented to serve with King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (27) in France with a retinue of 50 archers.

Henry V awards his brothers Dukedoms

On 16 May 1414 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (27) created Dukedoms for his two brothers:

[his brother] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (23) was created 1st Duke Gloucester 2C 1414, 1st Earl Pembroke 5C 1414.

[his brother] John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford 1389-1435 (24) was created 1st Duke Bedford 1C 1414, 1st Earl Richmond 6C 1414, 1st Earl Kendal 1C 1414.

Around 1415 William Zouche 4th Baron Zouche Harringworth 1373-1415 (42) was appointed 124th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (28).

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 05 Jan 1415. Ande that same yere, on the Twelfe the nyght, were a-restyd certayne personys, called Lollers, atte the sygne of the Ax, whithe owte Byschoppe ys gate, the whyche Lollers hadde caste to have made a mommynge at Eltham, and undyr coloure of the mommynge to have dystryte the kyng (28) and Hooly Chyrche. And they hadde ordaynyde to have hadde the fylde be-syde Syn Gylys. But, thonkyd be God Almyghty, owre kyng (28) hadde warnyng thereof, and he come unto London and toke the felde be syde Syn Jonys in Clerkynwelle; and as they come the kyng (28) toke them, and many othyr. And there was a knyght take that was namy[d] Syr Roger of Acton, and he was drawe and hanggyd be syde Syn Gyly, for the kynge let to be made iiij payre of galowys, the whiche that were i-callyd the Lollers galowys. Al so a preste that hyght Syr John Bevyrlay, and a squyer that hyght John Browne of Oldecastellys, they were hanggyd; and many moo were hanggyd and brent, to the nomber of xxxviij personys and moo.

Southampton Plot

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 15 Jun 1415. Al so the same yere the kyng (28) toke his jornay and wagyd10 in to Normandy; and the xv day of Juny the kyng roode thorowe London11 whithe sherevys, aldermen, and alle the comeners brought the kynge at Blacke Hethe; and there the mayre ande alle hys aldermen with alle the comyns toke there leve of [th]e kynge, and the kyng bade the mayre goo home and kepe welle hys chambyr in hys absens, and [yave hym]12 Crystysse blessyng and hys, and he sayde "Cryste save London." And he roode forthe hys way tylle he cam to Hampton, and there he mosteryd hys mayne. And there were certayne personys that had caste to slayne oure kynge, but God that knewe alle trougthe, he sende warnynge to oure kyng; and hys enmys, the whiche namys folowythe aftyr, Syr Richarde Camborowe (29)13, Erle of Cambryge, Syr Harry, Lorde Scrope (42), ande Syr Thomas Gray (30), knyght, with moo of hyr assent, [th]e whiche personys were a-restyde and put in the preson, ande do to dethe.

Note 10. So in MS., but apparently a transcriber's error for "viagyd."

Note 11. So in MS.; but doubtless we should supply here, as the beginning of a new sentence, "And the mayor."

Note 12. Omitted in our MS., but supplied from Vit. A. xvi.

Note 13. Camborowe. Conysborughe in Vit.

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Before 31 Jul 1415 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 stayed at Titchfield Abbey when travelling to Southampton to commence his Agincourt campaign.

Southampton Plot

On 31 Jul 1415, when King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (28) was in Portchester Castle preparing to invade France, Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl Dunbar aka March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) revealed the Southampton Plot to him (28). Henry Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope Masham 1373-1415 (42), Thomas Grey of Werke and Heaton 1384-1415 (30), and Richard of Conisburgh 1st Earl Cambridge 1385-1415 (30) were intending to replace King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (28) with Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl Dunbar aka March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) as King of England based on Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl Dunbar aka March 7th Earl Ulster 1391-1425 (23) having a better claim to the throne being descended from Edward III's second son Lionel Plantagenet 1st Duke Clarence 1338-1368 (76) whereas King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (28) was descended from the third son [his grandfather] John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster 1340-1399 (75).

Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30), Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (29), Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27) and Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) sat in judgement.

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On 13 Aug 1415 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) landed at Normandy at the commencement of his Agincourt Campaign.

Siege of Harfleur

In Sep 1415 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) commenced his invasion of France by undertaking the Siege of Harfleur to provide himself with a port from which to supply future operations. John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (23), John Fastolf 1380-1459 (35) and Thomas Chaucer 1367-1434 (48) fought. William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (18) was wounded. Benedict Nichols Bishop of St David's -1433 was present.

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. Before 25 Oct 1415. And thenne sone aftyr the kynge (29) and hys mayne ostyde from thens xxj dayes thorowe the realme of Fraunce towarde Caleys. And the Fraynysche men hyrde telle of his comyng that way, and they brake the bryggys there that the kyng shulde passe ovyr, and in so moche that17 he myght not passe noo way but he moste nedys mete with the Fraynysche oste. And a-pon the Fryday, that ys to saye, the day of Syn Cryspyn and Cryspynyany, alle the ryalle pouer of Fraunce come by-fore oure kynge and hys lytylle blessyd mayne. And thenne they sawe the Dolfynne whythe alle the lordys of France were by-fore oure good kynge enbatellyd in iij batellys the nomber of iij schore Ml men of armys. And that was the fayryste syght of armyde men that evyr any man saye in any place.

Note 17. thatrepeated in MS.

Battle of Agincourt

On 25 Oct 1415 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) defeated the French army at the Battle of Agincourt. King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29) commanded the Main Battle. Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (64) commanded the Rearguard.

Richard Vere 11th Earl Oxford 1385-1417 (30) commanded. [his brother] Humphrey Lancaster 1st Duke Gloucester 1390-1447 (25) was wounded, and was protected by his brother King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

Edward York 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2nd Duke York 1373-1415 (42), commander of the Vanguard, was killed; the most senior English casualty. Duke Albemarle aka Aumale 2C 1397 extinct.

John Fortescue 1380-1415 (35), Dafydd Gam Brecon 1380-1415 (35) and Edward Burnell -1415 and Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine 1377-1415 (38) were killed.

Michael Pole 3rd Earl Suffolk 1394-1415 (21) was killed. His brother William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (19) succeeded 4th Earl Suffolk 3C 1385.

The English included: Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (25), Richard Beauchamp 13th Earl Warwick 1382-1439 (33), William Botreaux 3rd Baron Botreaux 1389-1462 (26), William Bourchier 1st Count Eu 1374-1420 (41), John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (51), Edward Courtenay 1385-1418 (30), Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (12), Thomas Dutton 1396-1431 (19), Edmund Ferrers 6th Baron Ferrers Chartley 1386-1435 (29), Roger Fiennes 1384-1449 (31), Henry Fitzhugh 3rd Baron Fitzhugh 1358-1425 (57), John Grey 1387-1439 (28), John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (31), William Harrington 1373-1440 (42) as the King's Standard Bearer, Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (37), Piers Leigh 1389-1422 (26) (wounded), Alfred Longford, Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury 1388-1428 (27), Thomas Morley 6th Baron Marshal 5th Baron Morley 1393-1435 (22), John Rodney -1417, Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton 1393-1420 (22), Robert Strelley 1397-1430 (18), James Tuchet 5th Baron Audley of Heighley 1398-1459 (17), Robert Umfraville 1363-1437 (52), Thomas West 2nd Baron West 1380-1416 (35), Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (30). Thomas Erpingham 1355-1428 (60) commanded the archers. Thomas Rempston 1389-1458 (26) was present. Thomas Strickland 1367-1455 (48) carried the Banner of St George.

Thomas Tunstall 1358-1415 (57) was killed.

The Welsh included: William ap Thomas "Blue Knight of Gwent" Herbert 1380-1445 (35), Walter Sais 1320- (95), Roger Vaughan 1345- (70) and his son Roger Vaughan 1410-1471 (5). Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (15) is believed to have been present as a squire.

The French army suffered significant casualties. Charles Albret 1368-1415 (46), Philip Valois II Count Nevers 1389-1415 (26), John of Bar 1380-1415 (35), Jacques Chatillon 1367-1415 (48), David Rambures 1364-1415 (51) and his three sons: Jean Rambures -1415, Hugues Rambures -1415, Philippe Rambures -1415, Waleran Luxemburg 1355-1415 (60) and Hector de Chartres -1415 were killed.

Charles Valois Duke Orléans 1394-1465 (20) was captured by Richard Waller 1395-1462 (20) for which he was knighted on the battlefield by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

John Bourbon I Duke Bourbon 1381-1434 (34) and Charles Artois Count Eu 1394-1472 (21) were captured.

Robert of Bar Count Soissons Count Marle 1390-1415 (25) was killed. His daughter Jeanne of Bar Countess Soissons 1415-1462 succeeded Count Soissons 1367.

Edward of Bar III Duke of Bar 1377-1415 (38) was killed. His brother Cardinal Louis of Bar 1377-1430 (38) succeeded I Duke Bar.

John Valois Alençon I Duke Alençon -1415 was killed. His son Jean Valois Alençon II Duke Alençon 1409-1476 (6) succeeded II Duke Alençon.

Frederick Metz I Count Vaudémont 1368-1415 (47) was killed. His son Antoine Count of Vaudémont 1400-1458 (15) succeeded Count Vaudémont.

Anthony Valois Duke Brabant 1384-1415 (31) was killed. His son John Valois IV Duke Brabant 1403-1427 (12) succeeded IV Duke Brabant. Jacqueline Wittelsbach Duchess Brabant and Gloucester 1401-1436 (14) by marriage Duchess Brabant.

Jean II Le Maingre "Boucicaut" 1366-1421 (49) was captured.

Georges de La Trémoille 1382-1446 (33) was captured.

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Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 25 Oct 1415. And the kyng (29) sawe he myght not passe whythe out batayle, and thenne he sayde unto hys lytylle mayne, "Serys and felowys, yendyr maynye wylle lette us of oure waye, and they wylle not come unto us. But nowe lette every man preve hym-selfe a goode man thys day and a-vance hys baner in the beste tyme of the day and yere." Ande the kyng (29) roode ande hys basnet in hys hede, and alle othyr men wente on hyr foote a-passe in hyr hoole araye and18 Englysche myle or that they assemblyde. And thorowe Goddys grace the kynge (29) made hys way thoroughe the thyckyste of alle the batayle; and ther was slayne on the kyngys syde the Duke of Yorke (42), the Erle Southeffolke (54), and ij knyghtys, and Davy Gam (35), and of the gentylle men no moo, and of alle maner of Englysche men hyt passyd not xxviij personys. And on the Fraynysche syde was slayne the Duke of Launsonne, the Duke of Barre (38), the Duke of Braban (31), ande vij erlys, and the Constabylle of Fraunce, and the Senschalle of Henowde, and the Mayster Alblester19, and many moo lordys, and knygtys and squyers v Ml and moo. And there was take the Duke of Orlyaunce (20), the Duke of Burbon (34), the Counte of Rychemounde, and the Counte of Ewe (21), [th]e Marchalle of Fraunsce, Syr Bursegaunte, and many moo othyr knyghtys and squyers. And whanne thys was done the kyng (29) bode alle nyghte in a vyllage faste be-syde ther that the batelle was done. And on the morowe he toke hys waye unto Calys whythe hys lordys and hys presoners, whythe hys owne mayne.

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Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 23 Nov 1415. And the xxiij day of November the kyng (29) come unto London whythe alle hys presoners a bove sayd. And there he was ressayvyd worthely and ryally, for the mayre, with alle the aldermen, whythe alle good comyners, roode and fette hym ynne. And whythe a ryalle processyon he was brought ynne; and there was mad, stondyng apone the brygge, Syn Gorge ryally armyd, and at the Crosse in Cheppe was made a castelle, and there yn was moche solempnyte of angelys and virgenys syngyng merely. And soo he roode unttylle that he came to Powlys, and there mette whithe hym xvj byschoppys and abbattys whithe processyon and sensyd hym, and brought hym uppe in to [th]e qwere whythe devoute songe, and there he offerde and the Franysche lordys alle soo. And thenne he rode forthe unto Westemyster; and the mayre and hys bretheryn brought hym there.

Note 18. So in MS.

Note 19. Thomas Arblastier. He was one of the retinue of Sir William Bourchier. See Nicolas's Battle of Agincourt, 360.

In 1416 William Harrington 1373-1440 (43) was appointed 123rd Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

On 23 Apr 1416 Thomas Camoys 1st Baron Camoys 1351-1421 (65) was appointed 122nd Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (29).

Visit of Sigismund Holy Roman Emperor

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. May 1416. Ande thys yere com the Emperowre of Almayne (48)22 in to London be-fore the Feste of Synt Gorge. Ande the feste was deferryde unto hys commynge, and that was done solempny at the castylle of Wyndesore. And at the prosessyon the kynge (29) went a-pone the upper-moste syde of the emperowre, and soo alle the masse tyme he stode a-bove the emperoure. Ande at the mete the kyng sate on the ryght syde of the emperoure, and the [his brother] Duke of Bedforde (26) sate on the lefte syde, and the Chaunceler of Inglonde and the Byschoppe of Devylyn sate on the left syde, and the Duke of Bryga and a-nothyr duke of the emperours sate on the kyng ys syde; and alle thosse vij satte on oo syde of [th]e table. And the fyrste sotellete of the fyrste cours was howe Oure Lady armyd Syn Gorge and a aungylle doyng on hys sporys. And the secunde sotellete was Syn Gorge rydynge and fyghtyng whythe a dragon whythe hys spere in hys honde. And the iij sotellete was a castelle, and Syn Gorge and the kynges doughter ledyng the lambe in at the castelle gatys. And all thes sotelleteys were servyd be-fore the emperoure and the kyng and noo ferther; ande othyr lordys were servyd with sotelleteys aftyr hyr astate and degre.

Meeting of Henry V and the Duke of Burgundy

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. Jun 1416. And the Duke of Burgayne (45) and the Counte of Charlys (19) sone come to Gravelynge; and the kynge (29) sende thedyr the [his brother] Duke of Glouceter (25) hys brother and the Erle of Marche (24) to abyde there in ostage, wylys that the Duke of Burgayne (45) come to Calys to speke with the kynge; and in the myddys of the ryver the lordys mette togedyr. And the dukys sone (19) of Burgayn ressayvyd oure lordys and led hem in to Fraunce, and the Erle of Warwyke (34) ressayvyd the Duke of Burgayne (45) ande brought hym to Calys, and there they hadde a conselle twyne hem two; and thenne he toke hys leve of the kyng (29). And the Erle of Warwyke (34) brought hym unto Gravelyng water and in to the same place there as they mette at the fyrste metynge; and there every party toke hyr leve of othyr. And thenne the kynge retornyd ayenne into Inglonde and the emperoure saylyde unto Holande and so passyd forthe in to Constaunce.

Note 22. Sigismund (48).

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. Jun 1416. And that same yere come the Duke of Holand into London, but he was nought at the feste a-fore sayde. And the emperoure lay at Westmyster alle the wyle that he was here for the moste party, and the Duke William of Holand in the byschope ys place of Ely; and sone aftyr Mydsomer the kyng went to Caleys whythe the emperoure, and the duke saylyd home ayenne and mette whythe kyng (29) at Caleys.

On 18 Nov 1416 [his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (39) was created 1st Duke Exeter 2C 1416 by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (30) for the remainder of his natural life for 'his service to the king and the realm on both sides of the seas'. At the time the only other dukes were the King's brothers.

Around 1417 John Blount 1388-1418 (29) was appointed 129th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (30).

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 01 Nov 1417. Ande that same yere the kyng (31) layde sege unto Faleys the fyrste day of Novembre, and that sege contynuyde unto the xx day of Decembre, the yere of grace Mlcccc xvij. Thenne the towne dysendyd for to trete whythe the kynge, and the kyng commyttyd the trety unto Thomas Erle of Saulysbury (29), and to Harry Lorde Fehewe, and to Syr Johnne Cornewale, and to Syr Wylliam Haryngdon (27), knyghtes and commyssyoners for hys partye; and as for the party of the towne, Syr Wylliam Molene (39)25, Syr Gylberte Mounstrewys, lorde of Fayete26, capytaynys of men of armys, and of the schotte whythe ynne the towne of Faleys, and whythe [them] 27 a pon the same trete, the lord of Gamulle;28 which29 parteys entretid30 ande a cordyd uppon the artyculys and poyntmentys aftyr folowyng.

Alle so hit ys accordyd that alle the strongers that benne in the fore sayde towne of Faleys, the whyche before thys tyme hathe ben founde agayne, and in the rystynge of, the kynge in tyme sythe hys fyrste comynge to hys Duche of Normandye, were hyt at Cane, or in any othyr of furtheresser, or that have benn with the kynge, or with any of hys subgettys in hys commaundementys, that alle suche strangerys shulle put hem only in the kyngys grace and mercy of oure soverayne lorde the Kyng of Inglonde.

Fryste, that hit ys accordyd that the secunde day of Janyver next folowynge they shulde yelde uppe [th]e towne be-for sayde of Faleys, whythe ynne the houre of terce, into the hondys and power of oure soverayne lorde the kynge, or in to the hondys of hem be hym commyttyde and assygnyde, yf soo be that they be nott rescwyde be batayle of the kynge hyr lorde, or Dolfyn, hys eldyste sone, or by the Constabylle of Fraunce. And on that the kyng [to]31 setten or do settynne in the fore sayde towne suche32 warde and kepynge as hit schalle lyke hym.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that they shalle delyvery and yeldyn uppe33 alle the presoners, Englysche or any othyr, holdyng of owre lege lorde the Kyng of Inglonde, the whiche that34 have benne presoners be fore35 the fyrste daye a fore sayde, ande at the same daye of thys present trete, and [that]36 non appechementt ben put up on none of hem by hyr maysterys nowe at that thys tyme [nor in tyme]37 to come, be hyt sommaunce38 requyrynge or askyng in any maner [matier]39 what soo evyr hyt be, but fynallye the for sayde maysterys shalle aquyntyn, renownsyn, and relessyn to hyr presoners hyr troughthys, hyr behestys, and hyre othysse, whyche that [the seid presoners mowen have made to heir maisters in eny maner, and that]37 whythe owte fraude or malyngyne.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that the fore sayde capytaynys shulde delyvery owte of the towne of Faleys in to the hondys of the commyssenaryours of oure soverayne lorde the Kyng of Inglonde, al thoo that were borne in Inglonde, Walys, and Yrlonde, or Gascoyne, whiche be-fore thys tyme have holde whythe the party of Inglonde, and for thys presentt tyme ben in thys sayde towne of Faleys contrarye ayenste the kyng and hys parteyes.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that non of the captaynys, nor burgessys, nor non othyr of the towne, shalle geve nor suffer for to be gevyn to hem of the castelle of Faleys any strengthe of men, of armys, or of schotte, nor maner of socoure of armyrowrysse or artury, schottys, powder, gonnys, or any othyr comfort durynge the for sayde trete.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that noo captayne, ne none sowdyer, burgeys, ner comyner, nor non othyr beynge whythe ynne the sayde towne of Faleys, shalle ressayve or suffer to be ressayved or drawyn owte of the castelle the captayne of the same castelle nor non othyr of the same garysonne thereynne beynge at40 thys present tretys41. Ande alle soo they shulle nott drawe any42 of hem of the castelle undyr the coloure of thys presentt tretye.

Ande uppon thys our soverayne lorde the kynge of specyalle grace hathe grauntyd unto the forsayde captaynys, sowdyers, and othyr of the sayde towne, hyr horse, harneys, and alle hyr othyr goodys what evyr hyt be, owte-take artury, shotte, powders and gonnys, arblastrys, and bawderykys for arblastrys, whyche that shalle abyde stylle in the same towne, and alle wey for to sen that the straungers of whyche the seconde artycule makythe mensyon, nor shalle not emynucyon43 the pryvelegys and the benyfytys of thys presentt artyculys.

Alle the for sayde captaynys have sworne a-pon hyr honowre that durynge the for sayde trete that they shalle not makyn nor suffyr to be made any brekyng, wastynge, nor be putt nor done a waye any of suche artyculys, shotte, or any othyr thyng be-fore sayde.

Alle so hit ys accordyd that durynge the fore sayd trete noo maner of poyntment of the wallys of the towne shalle be made, but the wallys shalle be leve stylle lyke as they ben foundyn the fyrste daye of this present trete.

Alle so hyt hys accordyd that noo sowdyer nor stranger in the towne of Faleys shalle not make noo robory nor pylyage on the burgeysys of the towne of Faleys in noo maner, ande yf any suche evylle doers ben founde, that thenne the captaynys of men of armys and of shotte do ther on justyfyynge and execusion, or ellys that alle suche evylle doers shalle forfete hyre benyfys and hyr saffecondyte.

Alle so hyt [is] 44 accordyd that the sayde captaynys nor non othyr of the same towne shalle nought bere away, nor purlayne, nor suffer to ben i-purlaynyd or doo a-waye, any ornamentys, jewellys, or relyqwys of Hooly Chyrche, be they of the same towne or of any othyr relygyous owte of [th]e towne, that perchaunce were brought unto the towne for dowte of warre or othyr wyse i-brought unto the towne.

Alle so hit ys accordyde that the for sayde captaynys nor non othyr of hyr feleschyppe shalle nought ledyn nor bere, nor suffer for to be borne nor lede, owte of the townye of Faleys, noo maner of goodys undyr the colowre of appyontementt, but oonly hyr owne propyr goode.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that alle the capitaynys whythe hem of alle hyr company shalle a-voyde the towne of Faleys the secunde day of Janyver abovyn sayde by the sonne goynge downe, but yf that they were rescwyd as hyt ys a-fore sayde. And oure soverayne lorde the Kynge of Inglond of hys specyalle grace hathe grauntyd to alle and to every burgeys of the towne of Faleys, that wylle dwelle and abyde stylle in the fore sayde towne, there to a-byde and dwelle, sykerly and surely and fully, whythe owte any enpechyment uppon hem to putte in body or in goodys, mevabylle or unmevabylle, as herytagys nor possessyons whythe ynne the fore sayde towne, but pessabylly rejoysynne as hyr propyr goodys at thys tyme and in tyme to come, as they myght done before the yelding upe of the same towne; be so alle way that they so wyllynge to dwelle and byde in the same towne be come legys and obedyaunte to oure soverayne lorde the Kyng of Inglonde and hys ayrys.

45 Alle so hyt ys accordyd that noo captayne, sowdyer, nor burgeys, nor comyner, nor non othyr whithe ynne the sayde towne of Faleys, shalle nought ressayvynne, nor suffer to ressayvynne, nor drawyn of the castelle of Faleys the captayne ther of, nor non of there garysons, nor non at thys tyme there abydynge [in] 46 the for sayde chastelle, nor noo maner of goodys to hem longyng undyr colowre and shadowe of goodys of the towne, nothyr undy[r] coloure of thys presente trete.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that hangyng thys presentte trety and appoyntement noo maner of warre shalle be made by-twyne hem ande the oste of oure soverayne lorde the Kyng of Inglonde and hem of the towne of Faleys47.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that the forsayde lordys and capytaynys of the towne of Faleys shalle take and delyvery xij of the jentyllyste knyghtys and squyers notablys in ostage, the whiche shalle be delyveryde a yenne at the daye that the forsayde lordys and capytaynys havyng fully hyr poyntys48. And for thys trete and appoyntment welle and trewly [to]49 ben holdyn on oure parte, the forsaide Thomas Erle of Salysbury, Harry Lorde Feehewe, John Cornewale and Wylliam Haryngdon, knyghtys, unto thys sedylle (id est a bylle) of poyntmentt have sette to oure selys for the grete50 affyrmacyon of trought. Gevynne be-fore the towne of Faleys, the xx day of the monythe of December and the yere a-fore sayde.

The whyche towne in maner and forme as hyt ys be-fore sayde was yoldynne to our soverayne lorde the kynge of Inglonde [th]e seconde daye of Janyver as hyt was before lemytyd, ande the castelle be lefte stylle un-y[o]ldon unto the fyrste daye of Fevyrer51; the whyche castelle was yoldynne the seconde daye of the monythe a-bove sayde, and delyveryd in maner and forme a-fore-sayde, &c.

Note 25. Molene. Melone in Vit. The name is Meulhou in Rymer.

Note 26. Fayete. Our MS. reads, lorde of feyfty capytaynys; but Vit. more accurately, "lord Fayete, capteyns."

Note 27. Omitted in MS.; J. reads "hem."

Note 28. the lord of Gamulle. This reading is taken from J. The name is written in the same way on Norman Roll, 5 Hen. V., m. 2, from which the treaty is printed in Rymer, and perhaps it may be read, as Rymer reads it, "Ganville." Our MS. reads absurdly, "they of Gaunte." Perhaps the person intended was the Sire de Graville, who a few months later (4 July, 1418) disputed with the English the passage of the Seine at Pont de l'Arche.—Williams's "Gesta Henrici V.," 122

Note 29. which. with, MS.

Note 30. entretid. encresyd, MS.; corrected from J.

Note 31. Supplied from J.

Note 32. suche. The MS. reads "whiche," an evident error, which is corrected from Vit.

Note 33. "the town and," V.

Note 34. that. there, V.; that there, J.

Note 35. be forerepeated in MS.

Note 36. Supplied from J.

Note 37. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J. and V.

Note 38. J. reads, "be it to sommone, requiren, or asken."

Note 39. Omitted in MS.; supplied from V.

Note 40. at. and, MS.; at, J.

Note 41. tretys. tyme, J.; trete tyme, V.

Note 42. any. J. reads, "eny goodes of them of the castel undre the colour and shadowe of her owne goodes of the towne, ne undre the colour of this present trete."

Note 43. emynucyon. enjoie, J. A blank is left for the word in V.

Note 44. Omitted in MS.

Note 45. This is a repetition of a former article which will be found in its right place on p. 118.

Note 46. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.

Note 47. J. adds, "forseen alweys that it be understanden that the castel of Faloys, ne non theryn, be comprehendid ne taken in this present abstinence."

Note 48. havyng fully hyr poyntys. han fulfillid here promyse, J.

Note 49. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.

Note 50. grete. gretter, J.

Note 51. J. gives also the text (translated) of the articles for the surrender of the castle, which are dated on the 1st Feb., and of which the two first are printed in Rymer, ix. 541, in the original French. See Appendix.

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In Dec 1417 Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby de Eresby 1385-1452 (32) was appointed 128th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (31).

Siege of Rouen

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1418. The same John Bryan [Sheriff of London] scheryve unto the ix day of Octobre, and thenne he dyde; and thenne John Pernys [J Parnasse] was chose sheryve for the yere. And fro that day of Saynt Edwarde contynuyd the sege of Rone unto the xxiiij53 day of Janyver, as hyt ys by-fore sayde; at the whiche day they of the cytte desyryd to trete. And the kynge (31) commaundyd the Erle of Warwyke, and the Erle of Salysbury, the Lorde Fehewe, Syr Watyr Hungerforde (39), Gylbert Houmfryvyle, John Vasquyes de Almada, and Robert54 Knyght, to trete whythe hem. And for the party of Roone [these folowyng]:55

Fyrste, hyt ys accordyd that Syr Gy Butler, captayne of the cytte of Roone, with the consentte of the nobylle cyttezyns and of othyr dwellynge and beyng in the same cytte and castelle a-bove sayde, whythe owt fraude or malyngnynge, what tyme aftyr the myddys of the xix day of thys present monythe of Janyver, oure sayde lorde the kynge wylle that the cytte and the castelle too hym or to hys be delyveryd undyr maner and in forme whythe ynne wrytte.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that the day and the howre56 of that of the nobylle cyttezyns and othyr whatt soo evyr they be dwellynge and beynge in the fore sayde cytte and castelle shalle submyt hem in alle thyngys to the grace of oure excellent lorde the kyng.

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that fro thys howre57 unto the reale and effectualle [yeldyng]58 of the sayde cytte and castelle, none of forsayde noble cyttezyns othyr othyr59 being in the same cytte and castelle shalle nought goo owte of the sayde cytte and castelle with owte specyalle lyscens of oure excellente lorde the kynge.60

Alle so hyt ys accordyd that fro thys howre57 unto the delyverans of the cytte any61 of [th]e parteys shalle abstayne hem from alle goodys62 of werre to make a yenste the othyr partys of hem. Alle so hyt ys accordyde that the noble cyttezeyns and othyr beynge in the cytte and castelle shalle paye to oure fore sayde lorde the kynge CCC Ml scwtys of golde, where of alle way ij of hem shalle be worthe an Englysche noble, or in stede of every scwte xxx grete blankys wyte, or xv grotys; of the whyche CCC Ml scwtys that one parte shalle be payde unto oure soverayne lorde the kynge, or unto hys deputys, whythe ynne the cytte of Roone be-fore sayde, the xxij day of thys present mony[th]e of Janyver, and the othyr halfe payde to oure sayde lorde or to hys deputys in the feste of Syn Mathie the Apostylle nexte to come, that shalle be the xxiij63 day of Feverer, whythe owte any delay i-hadde, &c.64

Alle so hyt ys accordyde that every subgett of oure sayde lorde the kynge that nowe ben or were presoners to any person in the sayde cytte or castelle, and hyr pleggys, shall be utterly fre as a-yens thes personnys, and the summys that they ar boundyn ynne, at the day of thys present trete and accorde.

Alle so hyt ys accordyde that alle and every soudyer and stranger beynge in the sayde citte and castelle shalle swere on the Evaungelys of God be-fore there departyng, that they shall not bere armys a-gayne oure sayde lorde the kynge or any of hys, unto the fyrste day of Janyver nexte to come, for no maner maundement [th]at to hem of any maner person in contrary may be done or ennyode.65

Alle so hyt ys accordyde that alle and every jewelle, relykys, and othyr goodys longgyng to the abbaye of Synt Kateryne, whythe ynne the same cytte and castelle, beyng alle hoolly, shalle be delyveryd unto hym whom that the Kyng of Inglonde deputyn or ordeyn hem to ressayve aftyr the delyveraunce of the sayd cytte.

Alle so hyt ys accordyde that the fore sayde noble cyttezyns and othyr whythe in the sayde cytte and castelle beyng, shalle make the same cytte and castelle be-fore the sayde xix daye of this present monythe of Janyver suffycyantly and honestely to be made clene, and alle so honestly and diligently that alle the dede bodys newe dede or to ben dede in to that daye of delyveraunce of the cytte honestely and dylygently shalle ben beryd.

Alle soo hyt ys accordyd that the for sayde noble cyttezyns and alle beynge in the sayde citte and castelle anon shalle receyve66 and don entre in to the same cytte and castelle alle and everyche beynge in the dychys67 of the sayde cytte that for penurye68 went owte of the same cytte whom69 they shalle be holde to fede unto the xix day of Janyver above sayde, as they wylle answere unto Gode and the kyng; and owte takyn them they shalle not ressayve non othyr personnys in to the same cytte or castelle unto the forsayde day with owte specyalle lyssens of oure moste dowtfulle lorde the Kyng of Inglonde. But yf hit happe any massyngere or harowde of armys of the adversy party of the kynge to come to the partys of [th]e gatys or dychys of the sayde castelle and cytte . . . . .70

Whiche71 artyculys and appoyntmentys, as hyt ys before sayde, alle and every chone in maner as hyt ys accordyd, the forsayde captaynys and the noble cyttezyns ande othyr whythe ynne the sayde castelle and citte being, welle and trewly whythe owte any fraude or malygny72 to holdyn ande observe and kepe they be-hote, ande thoo two be kepte and fullefyllyd they bynd them soo, but yf yt be falle oure sayde moste doughtefulle lorde the kynge, that God for bede, to ben ovyr come in the batayle to hym i-made by Charlys hys adversarye of Fraunce or the Duke of Burgayne, be-fore the for-sayde [xix]73 day of thys present monythe of Janyver; for to sen74 alle way that [if]73 hyt be falle the forsayde Charlys adversary, othyr the Duke of Burgayne, or any othyr, to come to the sege of oure kynge to remoeve75 fro the forsayde cytte, that nothyr the fore sayde captayne nor non of the cyttezyns, sowdyers, othyr othyr76 beyng whythe ynne the for sayde cytte or castelle, shalle goo owte, nor noo maner helpe they shalle delyverye nor lene to hem, so azens oure lorde the kynges comyng in nomaner a wyse.

Alle so, that alle thes maner of poynttementysse, covenauntys, and accordys, and every poynte as hyt ys a fore sayde, welle and trewly and unbrokyn to be kepte; and for the more surete of the same covenauntys and accordys, the for sayde captayne, the noble cyttezyns, and othyr above sayde shalle ben takyn in thys tyme anone into the hondys of oure lorde the kynge iiij schore notable plegys, where of xxty shalle be knyghtys and squyers, ande the remenaunte cyttezyns of the same cytte, att hyr owne coste to be sustaynyd. For the party sothely of oure moste doutefulle lorde ande kynge a-fore sayde, gracyusly and benyngly consederynge the meke submyttynge and yeldynge of the sayde citte and castelle above sayde, he hathe grauntyde that alle and everye person of what a-state or degre that he be of condycyon with ynne the sayde castelle [and cite]77 beyng, [excepte]77 sartayne personys with ynne expressyde, that wylle be-come legys and subgetys to oure lorde the kynge, and fro hensforthe wylle dwelle undyr his obessauns, they shalle have there herytagys and goodys, mevablis and unmevablys, whythe ynne hys duche of Normandy constitute; and whiche that benne afore the day and date of thys present letters by oure fore sayde lorde the kynge to78 othyr personys have nought be yovyn and grauntyde, excepte armours artyrlys a-bove sayd; makyng and doyng [for]77 hyr herytagys, and for hyr unmevabylle goodys to oure for sayde lorde the kynge, the services79 ther-of dewe and consuete, or to swere to whom suche maner of servyce of the graunte of oure lorde the kynge ought too long.

Alle so hyt ys agrauntyd of oure lorde the kynge ys be-halve, that alle the cyttezyns and dwellers of the cytte of Roone that nowe be, or in tyme to come shalle be, [and]80 shall have alle ande every franches, lybertes, and prevelegys [th]e whiche of worthely mynde be progenys of oure lorde the kynge, of kyngys of Inglonde, dukys of Normandye, to hem and to hys sayde cytte were grauntyde, in possessyon where [of]81 they were the fyrste day that oure lorde the kynge a-fore sayde come by fore the sayde cytte; and alle so of more large grace of hys benyngnyte hathe grauntyde, that the same cyttezyns and dwellers of the citte shalle have alle the lyberteys, and franches, and prevelegys, where they were in pos sessyons on the fore sayde fyrste day of comynge of oure lorde the kynge before the cytte, of the graunte of hys progenytourys of kyngys of Fraunce that were before tyme of Phylyppe Valeys, adversarye of oure lorde [the kyng].81

[Also it is grauntid and accordid in our lord] the kyngys behalve, that alle the strangers, sowdyers, and othyr in the fore sayde citte and castelle, beynge at thys tyme nought wyllynge to be come leges of oure lorde the kyng, the for-sayde citte so yoldynne as hit ys before sayde, to departe, levynge to oure sayde lorde the kyng all hyr armowrys, hors, artylyrs, and othyr thyngys, harneysse, and goodys, excepte the Normandys that wylle nought be lyges of oure lorde the kynge, [th]at thoo alle shalle a-byde presoners of oure lorde the kyng.

Alle so hyt ys grauntyd in oure lorde the kynges behalve, that the werre and alle so schrewde speche that duryng the sege the folke and pepylle nemnyd, of what condycyon that they ben, ayens hys ryalle soveraynyte, or whythe defame lyppys have spoke, oure moste soverayne lorde the kyng, of strenyger the day of parte82 mekely shalle be forgevynne, owte take the personys that above in specyalle ben exceptyd.83

Alle so hyt ys accordyd in oure lorde the kyngys be halve, that the for sayde soudyers and strongers be-fore thys presentt trete and accorde, wyllyng for to departynne, oure lorde the kyng shalle ordaynne and make a sykyr and saffe condyte in form consuete.

And so the fore sayde cytte was yoldyd to oure soverayne lord the kynge uppon Synt Wolstonys day.84 And aftyr that he gatte many townys and castellys, as hyt shalle aftyr thys be wretyn alle the processe.

Note 53. Should be the 13th.

Note 54. Robert. Robesard, J.

Note 55. [these folowyng]. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J. Nevertheless it is clear there is a further omission, even in J.

Note 56. howre. The hof this word is struck out in all these places.

Note 57. See notee, p. 122.

Note 58. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.

Note 59. So in MS. The first "othyr" seems to mean "or."

Note 60. This clause is repeated in the MS. with the variation, "non of the fore sayde cyttezyns or othyr."

Note 61. any. every, J.

Note 62. goodys. Evidently a transcriber's error for dedys. J. reads dede.

Note 63. xxiij. Should be 24th. See Rymer, ix. 665.

Note 64. Here several articles are omitted which may be seen in Rymer. They are given in the English in J.

Note 65. enjoined.

Note 66. receyve. resome, MS.; receyve, V.; receyven, J.

Note 67. or about diches, J.

Note 68. penurye. femurye, MS.; penurie, J. Vit. reads "fere."

Note 69. whom. whanne, MS.

Note 70. The conclusion of the sentence is omitted not only in our MS. but also in J. and V. In the Latin it is, "ipse in ipsa non recipietur, seu providebitur eidem per dominum nostrum Regem de salvo conductu."

Note 71. Whiche. The MS. has "with the" written as if it were the continuation of the previous sentence.

Note 72. malygny. malengyne, J.

Note 73. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.

Note 74. for to sen, i. e. foreseen, provided.

Note 75. remoeve. remayne, MS., corrected from J.

Note 76. See page 123, notec.

Note 77. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.

Note 78. to. and, MS.; corrected from J.

Note 79. services. sermoys, MS.

Note 80. This word is clearly superfluous.

Note 81. The end of this sentence and the beginning of the next are omitted in our MS., which runs on without a break from the word "lorde" to "the kyngys behalve' as if it were one sentence.

Note 82. of strenyger the day of parte. of steryng the day of pietie, J. These are strange corruptions. The Latin has ex instinctu Divinæ pietatis.

Note 83. They are mentioned in the preceding clause in the original treaty; but their names are omitted in the MS.

Note 84. 19th Jan.

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Around 1418 William Phelip 1383-1441 (35) was appointed 132nd Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (31).

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1418. And the kynge (31) layde sege unto the cytte of Reyne52, and that contynuyd tylle the xxiiij53 day of Janyver nexte aftyr.

Note 52. Rouen.

Note 53. Should be the 13th.

Chronicle of Gregory 1403-1419. 1418. Ande aftyr Ester the kyng (31) layde sege unto Lovers ande wanne hyt, and aftyr that he wanne Pountte Large.

Around 1418 John Robbessart 1390-1450 (28) was appointed 130th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (31).

Around 1418 Hugh Stafford4th Baron Bourchier 1st Baron Stafford was appointed 131st Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (31).

In 1419 John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (34) was appointed 133rd Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (32).

In 1419 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (16) fought in his cousin King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (32) campaigns in France.

Treaty of Troyes

Chronicle of Gregory 1420-1426. 20 May 1420. Ande in that yere, the xx day of May, the yere of oure Lorde M1CCCC xx, the kyng (33) come unto Troys, in Chaunpeyne, and there he was worthely ressayvyde of alle the lordys spyrytualle and temporalle that were there whithe the Kynge of Fraince. And on the morne the [his future father-in-law] Kyng (51) and Quene of Fraunce (50), and Dame Katerynne (18), and the Duke of Burgayne (48), mette to gedyr in Synt Petrys chyrche in Troys; whiche metyng was in the body of the chyrche. Ande thenne they went upe to the hyghe auter, and there were the artyculys of the pes redde, and the othys made on aythyr partye.

On 21 May 1420 the Treaty of Troyes was signed at Troyes. [his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (43) and Ralph Cromwell 3rd Baron Cromwell 1403-1456 (17) negotiated the terms which included the marriage of Henry V (33) and Catherine of Valois (18), daughter of Charles VI (51), and the acknowledgement of King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (33) as Charles V's (51) heir disinheriting the Dauphin (17).

Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

On 02 Jun 1420 Henry V (33) and [his wife] Catherine of Valois (18) were married at Troyes Cathedral. They were half third cousins once removed. He a son of Henry IV King England 1367-1413. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Chronicle of Gregory 1420-1426. 03 Jun 1420. And thenne was the kyng (33) and [his wife] Dame Katerynne (18) swryde to-gedyr. And on the morne aftyr was Trenyte Sonday, that was the iij day of June, the yere of oure Lorde M CCCC xx, in the chyrche of Troys, the kyng spowsyd [his wife] Dame Kateryne (18), [his father-in-law] Kyng Charlys doughter of Fraunce (51); and thenne he was made Regent of Fraunce, and the convencyons of the whiche acordyd folowynge here aftyr, that ys for to saye:

Harry (33), by the grace of God, Kyng of Inglond, hey re and Regent of Fraunce, and Lorde of Yrlonde, to perpetualle mynde to alle Crystyn pepylle, ande to alle that ben undyr owre obeysaunce, we notefy and declare that thoughe a here before dyvers tretes have ben be twyne the moste excellente [his father-in-law] Prynce Charlis (51), owre fadyr of Fraunce, and hys progenytours, for the pes to ben hadde be twyne ij realmys of Fraunce and of Inglonde, the whiche here by forne have borne no1 frwte, we, consyderynge the grette harmys that have ben, not oonly by twyne ij realmys for the grette devysyon J>at hathe ben be-twyne hem, but to alle hooly Chyrche, we have take a trete whythe oure sayde fadyr and us, that for as moche as be the bonde of matrymonye, i-made for the goode of the pes be-twyne us and oure moste dyre modyr Isabelle (50) hys wyffe, the same Charlis and Isabelle ben made fadyr and modyr, and there fore take hem as for owre fadyr and modyr, we shalle have and worschippe as hyt syttythe and semythe so worthy a prynce and a pryncesse too ben i-worschippyde, pryncypally before alle othyr temporalle personys of the worlde.

Alle so we shalle nought dystroble, nor dyssesyn, nor lette oure sayde fadyr, but that he holde and procede2 as longe as he levythe, and holdythe, ande he possedythe at thys tyme, the crowne and dygnyte of the ryalte of Fraunce, and rentys and profytys of the same, to the sustenaunce of hys estate and chargys of the realme of Fraunce, and owr modir al so holdyng as long as she levy the the estate and dygnyte of the quene, aftyr the maner of the same realme, whythe convenable and convenyante parte of the sayde rentys and profytys.

Alle so that the fore sayde Kateryne shalle take and have dwer in oure realme of Inglond, as [quenes of England]3 here a-forne were wonte to have and take, that ys for to saye, to the summa of xl M [40000] scwtys yerely, of the whyche4 ij [2] shalle be worthe a nobylle Englysche. Alle so the maners, weyis, and menys that we may, whythe owte transgressyon or ofFensys ofte5 i-made by us for to kepe the lawys, customys, usagys, and ryghtys of owre said realme6 of Inglonde, [we]7 shalle done owre labur and pursewe that the sayde Katerynne, alsone as hyt may be done and be made sure, for to take and for to have in owre sayde realme of Inglonde fro tyme of oure dethe, the sayde xl M [40000] scutys yerly, of the whyche twyne shalle alle way be worthe8 a nobylle of Englysche mony.

1. borne no. These words are taken from J., and are a true rendering of the text of the original treaty (see Kymer, ix. 895). Our MS. reads, "have ben frwte/' following perhaps some other translation in which the word "without" has been omitted. Vit. reads, still more absurdly, " have ben frendes."

2. procede. A transcriber's error for " possede," i.e. possess,,

3. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.

4. of the whiche repeated, MS.

5. ofte. We should certainly read, "of the oath;" but the words do not occur even in J.

6. of owre sayde realme repeated in MS.

7. Omitted in MS.

8. worthe. with, MS.; corrected from J.

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Funeral of Thomas Fitzgerald

After 10 Aug 1420 Thomas Fitzgerald 5th Earl Desmond 1386-1420 was buried in Paris. Henry V and [his father-in-law] Charles V were present.

In 1421 John Mowbray 2nd Duke Norfolk 1392-1432 (29) was appointed 138th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (34).

In 1421 William "Jackanapes" Pole 1st Duke Suffolk 1396-1450 (24) was appointed 139th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (34).

In 1421 Hertong Clux -1445 was appointed 136th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (34).

In 1421 Philip "Good" Valois III Duke Burgundy 1396-1467 (24) was appointed 140th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (34).

Battle of Baugé

On 23 Mar 1421 the [his brother-in-law] Dauphin's (18) French army and a Scottish army heavily defeated the English army at the Battle of Baugé. On the French side Étienne Vignolles "La Hire" -1443 fought. On the Scottish side John Stewart 2nd Earl Buchan 1381-1424 (40) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux 1380-1429 (41) fought. William Douglas 1384-1421 (37) was killed.

On the English side John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18), [his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44), Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) and John Holland 2nd Duke Exeter 1395-1447 (26) were captured. John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset 1403-1444 (18) would be captive for the next seventeen years. [his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (44) was released in 1422. Thomas Beaufort Count Perche 1405-1431 (16) was release around 1427 in a prisoner exchange.

[his brother] Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke Clarence 1388-1421 (32) was killed in battle. Duke Clarence 2C 1412 extinct.

John Lumley 1383-1421 (38) was killed in battle.

John Ros 7th Baron Ros Helmsley 1397-1421 (24) was killed in battle. His brother Thomas Ros 8th Baron Ros Helmsley 1407-1430 (13) succeeded 8th Baron Ros Helmsley.

William Ros 1397-1421 (24), and Gilbert V Umfraville -1421 were killed.

John Grey 1st Earl Tankerville 1384-1421 (37) was killed in battle. His son Henry Grey 2nd Earl Tankerville 1418-1450 (3) succeeded 2nd Earl Tankerville 1C 1418.

William Douglas 1st Lord Drumlanrig -1427 was present.

Around 1575 Unknown Painter. Portrait of John Lumley 1383-1421.

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On 03 May 1421 Louis Robbessart 1390-1430 (31) was appointed 135th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (34).

On 03 May 1421 Walter Hungerford 1st Baron Hungerford 1378-1449 (42) was appointed 134th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (34).

On 03 May 1421 John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford 1389-1422 (32) was appointed 137th Knight of the Garter by King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (34).

Siege of Meaux

In Dec 1421 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (35) commenced the Siege of Meaux. John Cornwall 1st Baron Fanhope 1st Baron Milbroke 1364-1443 (57) fought. John Cornwall 1403-1421 (18) was killed; his head being blown off by a cannon ball witnessed by his father. Meaux was eventually captured on 11 May 1422.

On 06 Dec 1421 [his son] King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 was born to King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (35) and Catherine of Valois (20) at Windsor Castle.

On 22 Apr 1422 [his brother-in-law] Charles "Victorious" VII King France 1403-1461 (19) and Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France 1404-1463 (17) were married. They were second cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of Henry III King England 1207-1272. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

On 08 Jul 1422 [his sister-in-law] Michelle Valois Duchess Burgundy 1395-1422 (27) died.

Death of Henry V

On 31 Aug 1422 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (36) died at Château de Vincennes, Vincennes possibly from dysentery, possibly from heatstroke. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) brought the body back to England. His son [his son] King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 succeeded VI King England.

[his uncle] Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter 1377-1426 (45) was appointed Governor to [his son] King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471.

Funeral of Henry V

On 07 Nov 1422 King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (36) was buried at Westminster Abbey. John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley 1400-1487 (21) attended as Chief Mourner and Standard Bearer

Around 1430 Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (30) and [his wife] Catherine of Valois (28) were married. He a great x 4 grandson of Edward "Longshanks" I King England 1239-1307. She a great x 5 granddaughter of Henry III King England 1207-1272.

Death of Dowager Queen Consort Catherine of Valois

On 03 Jan 1437 [his wife] Catherine of Valois (35) died at Bermondsey Abbey. She had been married aged eighteen to King Henry V of England 1386-1422 (50) for two years three months. Their son was King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471 (15).

After Henry V died she disappears somewhat from the records other than for Parliament to legislate against her marrying without permission, which she then duly did, to Owen Tudor 1400-1461 (37), and had two sons, the elder of which was father to Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525 is believed to have painted the portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509. Around 1520 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of Henry VII King England and Ireland 1457-1509.

Trial and Punishment of Eleanor Cobham

Before 27 Oct 1441 Eleanor Cobham Duchess of Gloucester 1400-1452, wife of the heir presumptive [his brother] Humphrey 1st Duke Gloucester, brother of the deceased King Henry V of England 1386-1422, uncle of King Henry VI of England and II of France 1421-1471, was tried for predicting the future of the King; in reality a veiled attack on her husband who had over-reached himself. She had consulted two astrologers Thomas Southwell Astrologer -1441 and Roger Bolingbroke. All three were arrested, tried and found guilty. Eleanor denied most of the charges but confessd to obtaining potions from Margery Jourdemayne "The Witch of Eye" 1415-1441. She was sentenced to do public penance, divorce her husband and remain confined for the remainder of her life.

Letters and Papers Foreign and Domestic Henry VIII April 1509. Apr 1509. Will of Henry VII (52):

At his manor of Richmond March 24 Hen. VII., the King (52) makes his last will, commending his soul to the Redeemer with the words he has used since his first "years of discretion," Domine Jesu Christe, qui me ex nichilo creasti, fecisti, redemisti et predestinasti ad hoc quod sum, Tu scis quid de me facere vis, fac de me secundum voluntatem Tuam cum misericordia, trusting in the grace of His Blessed Mother in whom, after Him, has been all his (testator's) trust, by whom in all his adversities he has had special comfort, and to whom he now makes his prayer (recited), as also to all the company of Heaven and especially his "accustumed avoures" St. Michael, St. John Baptist, St. John Evangelist, St. George, St. Anthony, St. Edward, St. Vincent, St. Anne, St. Mary Magdalene and St. Barbara, to defend him at the hour of death and be intercessors for the remission of his sins and salvation of his soul.

Desires to be buried at Westminster, where he was crowned, where lie buried many of his progenitors, especially his granddame [his former wife] Katharine wife to Henry V and daughter to Charles of France, and whereto he means shortly to translate the remains of Henry IV in the chapel which he has begun to build (giving full directions for the placing and making of his tomb and finishing of the said chapel according to the plan which he has "in picture delivered" to the prior of St. Bartholomew's beside Smithfield, master of the works for the same); and he has delivered beforehand to the abbot, &c., of Westminster, 5,000l., by indenture dated Richmond, 13 April 23 Hen VII, towards the cost.

His executors shall cause 10,000 masses in honor of the Trinity, the Five Wounds, the Five Joys of Our Lady, the Nine Orders of Angels, the Patriarchs, the Twelve Apostles and All Saints (numbers to each object specified) to be said within one month after his decease, at 6d. each, making in all 250l, and shall distribute 2,000l. in alms; and to ensure payment he has left 2,250l. with the abbot, &c., of West-minster, by indenture dated (blank) day of (blank) in the (blank) year of his reign.

His debts are then to be paid and reparation for wrongs made by his executors at the discretion of the following persons, by whom all complaints shall be tenderly weighed, viz, the abp of Canterbury (59), Richard bp of Winchester (61), the bps of London and Rochester (39), Thomas Earl of Surrey (66), Treasurer General, George Earl of Shrewsbury (41), Steward of the House, Sir Charles Somerset Lord Herbert (49), Chamberlain, the two Chief Justices, Mr. John Yong (44), Master of the Rolls, Sir Thos. Lovell (31), Treasurer of the House, Mr. Thomas Routhall, secretary, Sir Ric Emson (59), Chancellor of the Duchy, Edm. Dudley (47), the King's attorney at the time of his decease, and his confessor, the Provincial of the Friars Observants, and Mr. William Atwater, dean of the Chapel, or at least six of them and three of his executors.

His executors shall see that the officers of the Household and Wardrobe discharge any debts which may be due for charges of the same.

Lands to the yearly value of above 1,000 mks have been "amortised" for fulfilment of certain covenants (described) with the abbey of Westminster.

For the completion of the hospital which he has begun to build at the Savoie place beside Charingcrosse, and towards which 10,000 mks in ready money has been delivered to the dean and chapter of St. Paul's, by indenture dated (blank), his executors shall deliver any more money which may be necessary; and they shall also make (if he has not done it in his lifetime) two similar hospitals in the suburbs of York and Coventry.

Certain cathedrals, abbeys, &c., named in a schedule hereto annexed [not annexed now] have undertaken to make for him orisons, prayers and suffrages "while the world shall endure," in return for which he has made them large confirmations, licences and other grants; and he now wishes 6s. 8d. each to be delivered soon after his decease to the rulers of such cathedrals, &c., 3s. 4d. to every canon and monk, being priest, within the same and 20d. to every canon, monk, vicar and minister not being priest. His executors shall bestow 2,000l. upon the repair of the highways and bridges from Windsor to Richmond manor and thence to St. George's church beside Southwark, and thence to Greenwich manor, and thence to Canterbury.

To divers lords, as well of his blood as other, and also to knights, squires and other subjects, he has, for their good service, made grants of lands, offices and annuities, which he straitly charges his son, the Prince (17), and other heirs to respect; as also the enfeoffments of the Duchy of Lancaster made by Parliaments of 7 and 19 Hen. VII. for the fulfilment of his will.

Bequests for finishing of the church of the New College in Cambridge and the church of Westminster, for the houses of Friars Observants, for the altar within the King's grate (i.e. of his tomb), for the high altar within the King's chapel, for the image of the King to be made and set upon St. Edward's shrine, for the College of Windsor, for the monastery of Westminster, for the image of the King to be set at St. Thomas's shrine at Canterbury, and for chalices and pixes of a certain fashion to be given to all the houses of Friars and every parish church not suitably provided with such.

Bequest of a dote of 50,000l. for the marriage of Lady Mary (13) the King's daughter with Charles Prince of Spain (9), as contracted at Richmond (blank) Dec. 24 Hen. VIII., or (if that fail) her marriage with any prince out of the realm by "consent of our said son the Prince (17), his Council and our said executors.".

Before 1532 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532. Around 1620 based on a work of 1526.Unknown Painter. Portrait of William Warham Archbishop of Canterbury 1450-1532. Around 1510 Meynnart Wewyck Painter 1460-1525. Portrait of Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond 1443-1509 in the Masters Lodge St John's College. Commissioned by John Fisher Bishop of Rochester 1469-1535. Note the Beaufort Arms on the wall beneath which is the Beafort Portcullis. Repeated in the window. She is wearing widow's clothes, or possibly that of a convent; Gabled Headress with Lappets. On 29 Mar 2019, St John's College, Cambridge, which she founded, announced the portrait was original work by Wewyck. 1536 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. 1540 Hans Holbein The Younger Painter 1497-1543. Miniature portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. Around 1525 Unknown Painter. Netherlands. Portrait of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland 1491-1547. In 1544 Master John Painter. Portrait of Mary Tudor Queen Consort France 1496-1533. 1548. Titian Painter 1488-1576. Equestrian Portrait of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558. 1519. Bernard Van Orley Painter 1491-1541. Portrait of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor 1500-1558.

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John Amncier and [his niece] Antigone Lancaster Countess Tankerville 1422-1450 were married. She a granddaughter of Henry IV King England 1367-1413.