Biography of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 1364-1425

Paternal Family Tree: Fitzmaldred aka Neville

Maternal Family Tree: Emmeline Riddlesford 1223-1276

Descendants Family Tree: Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 1364-1425

1397 John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

1397 Richard II Rewards his Supporters

1399 Abdication of Richard II

1401 Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

1405 Northern Rising

Before 1362 [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 25) and [his mother] Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby were married. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Around 1364 Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland was born to John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 27) and Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby.

On 05 Aug 1367 [his grandfather] Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville of Raby (age 76) died. His son [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 30) succeeded 3rd Baron Neville Raby. [his mother] Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

Before 09 Oct 1381 [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 44) and [his step-mother] Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby (age 24) were married. She by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. The difference in their ages was 20 years. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

In or before 1383 Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 19) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford (age 46) and Philippa Beauchamp Countess Stafford (age 48). They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Around 1383 [his daughter] Maud Neville Baroness Haversham was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 19) and [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby (age 19). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.59%.

In May 1385 [his brother-in-law] Ralph Stafford (age 18) was murdered by John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 33). He was buried at King's Langley Priory, Hertfordshire [Map].

In 1386 [his daughter] Philippa Neville Baroness Dacre of Gilsland was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 22) and [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby (age 22) at Raby Castle, County Durham [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.59%.

Around 1387 [his son] John Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 23) and [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby (age 23) at Raby Castle, County Durham [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.59%.

On 17 Oct 1388 [his father] John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 51) died. His son Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 24) succeeded 4th Baron Neville Raby. [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby (age 24) by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

In 1391 Robert Ferrers (age 18) and [his future wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 12) were married at Beaufort en Vallée [Map]. She the illegitmate daughter of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 50) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster (age 40). She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Around 1392 [his son] Ralph Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 28) and [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby (age 28) at Raby Castle, County Durham [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.59%.

On 09 Jun 1396 [his wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby (age 32) died. She was buried at St Brandon's Church, Brancepeth.

Before 29 Nov 1396 Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 32) and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 17) were married. She by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. She the illegitmate daughter of John of Gaunt 1st Duke Lancaster (age 56) and Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster (age 46). He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Around 1397 [his daughter] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 33) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 18). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

John Beaufort created Earl Somerset

Calendars. 32. The king (age 30) to his archbishops, bishops, abbots, priors, dukes, earls, barons, justices, sheriffs, reeves, ministers, and other his bailiffs and faithful men, greeting. Know that we, considering the strenuous probity and prudent mind, distinguished conduct and nobility of birth of our beloved and faithful kinsman [his illegitimate brother-in-law] John Beaufort (age 24), knight, son of our beloved uncle [his father-in-law] John duke of Aquitaine and Lancaster (age 56), and willing therefore deservedly to exalt the same John Beaufort with the prerogative of honour, we do appoint and create John Beaufort earl of Somerset in our present parliament, and invest him with the style and name and honour of the aforesaid earl by girding him with the sword, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his aforesaid heirs, given such name and honour, may the better and more honourably support the burdens incumbent upon the same, of our special grace in our present parliament we have given and granted, and by this our charter confirmed, to the same earl and his aforesaid heirs twenty pounds to be received each year from the issues of the aforesaid county by the hand of the sheriff of that county for the time being, at the terms of Easter and Michaelmas [29 September] in equal portions, in perpetuity. Witnessed by these, the venerable father Thomas archbishop of Canterbury (age 44) primate of all England, John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, and Edmund of York (age 55), dukes; Robert of London, William of Winchester (age 77), John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor (age 53), bishops; [his brother-in-law] Henry of Derby (age 29), Edward of Rutland (age 24), Thomas of Nottingham and marshal of England (age 28), earls; Reginald Grey (age 35), Ralph Neville (age 33), John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy (age 54), steward of our household, Guy Mone, keeper of our privy seal, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February in the twentieth year of our reign [10 Feb 1397].

Richard II Rewards his Supporters

On 29 Sep 1397 King Richard II (age 30) rewarded his relations with Dukedoms, possibly for their part in downfall of Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester (deceased), Thomas Beauchamp 12th Earl Warwick (age 59) and Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl of Surrey 11th Earl of Arundel (deceased) ...

His older half-brother John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 45) was created 1st Duke Exeter. [his sister-in-law] Elizabeth Lancaster Duchess Exeter (age 34) by marriage Duchess Exeter.

His nephew Thomas Holland 1st Duke Surrey (age 23) was created 1st Duke Surrey.

His second cousin once removed Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 29) was created 1st Duke Norfolk. Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk (age 31) by marriage Duchess Norfolk.

His first cousin Edward York 2nd Duke of York 1st Duke Albemarle (age 24) was created 1st Duke Albemarle aka Aumale. Beatrice Burgundy Countess Rutland and Cork (age 24) by marriage Duchess Albemarle aka Aumale.

His illegitimate first cousin [his illegitimate brother-in-law] John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset (age 24) was created 1st Marquess Somerset, 1st Marquess Dorset. Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence (age 12) by marriage Marchioness Somerset, Marchioness Dorset.

Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 33) was created 1st Earl of Westmoreland. [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 18) by marriage Countess of Westmoreland.

Before 20 Jul 1399 [his son-in-law] Thomas Dacre 6th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 11) and [his daughter] Philippa Neville Baroness Dacre of Gilsland (age 13) were married. She by marriage Baroness Dacre Gilsland. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 35) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Abdication of Richard II

On 30 Sep 1399 [his brother-in-law] King Henry IV of England (age 32) usurped IV King England. He had usurped his cousin Richard II (age 32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (age 7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 35) was appointed Earl Marshal.

Around 1400 [his daughter] Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 36) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 21). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

In 1400 [his son] Richard Neville Earl Salisbury was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 36) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 21). He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

Parliament Henry IV 2: 31 The Names of the Lords Present

After 07 Jan 1401. The names of the lords who were present at the said declaration are as follows:

Henry, prince of Wales (age 14).

Edmund, duke of York (age 59).

Edward, earl of Rutland (age 28).

Thomas, earl of Arundel (age 19).

[his illegitimate brother-in-law] John, earl of Somerset (age 28).

[his former brother-in-law] Edmund, earl of Stafford (age 22).

Henry, earl of Northumberland (age 59).

Ralph, earl of Westmorland (age 37).

Thomas, earl of Worcester (age 58).

Michael, earl of Suffolk (age 40).

Richard, Lord Grey of Codnor (age 30).

Thomas, Lord Berkeley (age 49).

John, Lord Charlton.

Reginald, Lord Grey of Ruthin (age 39).

Thomas, Lord Camoys (age 50).

[his brother] Thomas, Lord Furnivall (age 39).

Robert, Lord Scales (age 29).

John, Lord Beaumont.

William, Lord Willoughby (age 31).

Hugh, Lord Burnell (age 54).

William, Lord Ferrers of Groby (age 28).

William, Lord Bergavenny (age 58).

John, Lord Lovell (age 60).

Robert, Lord Harrington (age 45).

Richard Lescrope (age 74).

Around 1403 Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 39) was appointed 105th Knight of the Garter by [his brother-in-law] King Henry IV of England (age 35).

Before 1404 [his son-in-law] Thomas Grey of Werke and Heaton (age 19) and [his daughter] Alice Neville were married. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 39) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Around 1405 [his son] William Neville 1st Earl Kent was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 41) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 26). He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

Northern Rising

On 27 May 1405 Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19) assembled a force of around 8000 men at Shipton Moor Shipton Hambleton. Believing they had been given safe conduct by Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 41) and assured their demands would be met, the rebel army disbanded

Before 04 Apr 1406 [his son] John Neville (age 19) and [his daughter-in-law] Elizabeth Holland were married. She the daughter of Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent (age 56). He the son of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 42) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Around 1407 [his son] George Neville 1st Baron Latimer of Snape was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 43) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 28) at Raby, County Durham. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 28 Oct 1407 John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke (age 18) and [his step-daughter] Elizabeth Ferrers Baroness Greystoke (age 14) were married at Greystoke Castle, Cumberland. She by marriage Baroness Greystoke. She the daughter of Robert Ferrers and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 28). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Around 1408 [his daughter] Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 44) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 29). She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Jan 1412 [his son-in-law] John Mowbray 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 20) and [his daughter] Katherine Neville Duchess Norfolk (age 12) were married. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 48) and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 33). He the son of Thomas Mowbray 1st Duke of Norfolk and Elizabeth Fitzalan Duchess Norfolk (age 46). They were fourth cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

In or before 1413 [his son] Edward Neville 1st Baron Bergavenny was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 48) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 33). He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

Before 1414 [his son-in-law] Richard Despencer 4th Baron Burghesh (age 17) and [his daughter] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland (age 16) were married. She by marriage Baroness Burghesh. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 49) and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 34). He the son of Thomas Despencer 1st Earl Gloucester and Constance York Countess Gloucester (age 39). They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 03 May 1415 [his daughter] Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 51) and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 36) at Raby Castle, County Durham [Map]. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 06 Sep 1415 [his son-in-law] Piers Mauley 5th Baron de Mauley (age 38) and [his daughter] Maud Neville Baroness Haversham (age 32) were married. She by marriage Baroness Haversham. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 51) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. They were third cousins. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

In or before 1416 [his son] Ralph Neville (age 24) and [his daughter-in-law] Mary or Margery Ferrers (age 21) were married. She the daughter of Robert Ferrers and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 36). He the son of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 51) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

BeforeOn 04 Jun 1418 [his son-in-law] Richard Scrope 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton (age 25) and [his daughter] Margaret Neville Baroness Scrope Bolton were married. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 54) and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. They were fourth cousins. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 08 Jul 1418 [his son-in-law] Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland (age 25) and [his daughter] Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess of Northumberland. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 54) and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 39). They were second cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 20 May 1420 [his son] John Neville (age 33) died at Raby Castle, County Durham [Map].

Before 1422 [his son] William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 17) and [his daughter-in-law] Joan Fauconberg Countess Kent (age 15) were married. He the son of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 57) and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 42). He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

Before 1423 [his son] Richard Neville Earl Salisbury (age 23) and [his daughter-in-law] Alice Montagu 5th Countess of Salisbury (age 15) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Montagu 1st Count Perche 4th Earl Salisbury (age 34) and Eleanor Holland. He the son of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 58) and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 43). They were half fourth cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 18 Oct 1424 [his son-in-law] Humphrey Stafford 6th Earl Stafford (age 22) and [his daughter] Anne Neville Duchess Buckingham (age 16) were married. She by marriage Countess Stafford. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 60) and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 45). He the son of Edmund Stafford 5th Earl Stafford and Anne of Gloucester Plantagenet Countess Eu and Stafford (age 41). They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 21 Oct 1425 Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 61) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Staindrop [Map]. His grandson Ralph Neville 2nd Earl of Westmoreland (age 19) succeeded 2nd Earl of Westmoreland. Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland (age 30) by marriage Countess of Westmoreland.

Monument to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 61) and his wives [his former wife] Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby and [his wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 46). Early Plate Bascinet Period. Orle. Man with Two Wives.

Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland: Around 1395 she was born to Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys at Alnwick Castle. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Around 1404 John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford and she were married. She by marriage Baroness de Clifford. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. In 1426 Ralph Neville 2nd Earl of Westmoreland and she were married. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. On 26 Oct 1436 Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland died.

On 13 Nov 1440 [his former wife] Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland (age 61) died at Howden. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map] next to her mother Katherine Roet Duchess Lancaster.

Effigy of Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland and his Wives. The monument of the Earl of Westmorland and his wives is entirely of alabaster. The sides of the altar-tomb are richly adorned with architectural decorations, corbels, pinnacles, and niches, surmounted by elegant little minarets with pointed roofs. At the feet of each of the figures are two chantry priests, with open missals, celebrating divine offices; these are in a sadly mutilated state, the heads being broken oil. See Plate 1. All the figures have the collar of SS. Under the Earl's head is a helmet bearing the crest of the family, a bull's head, and on his surcoat is a saltire; Gules, a saltire Argent, being their coat. Two dogs, wearing collars studded with bells, are at the feet of the Countesses; these animals, so frequently found with figures on tombs, especially those representing females, are the appendages of high rank; they were indeed the ladies' pet dogs. Thus Chaucer:

"Of smale houndes hadde she, that she fedde

With rosted flesh and milk, and waste! brede;

But sore wept she if one of hem were dead,

Or if men smote with a yerde smert-"

Details. Plate H. Profile of the Earl. 1. Richly ornamented wreath on the basinet, with rim of the basinet, the front of which is inscribed i.h.s. 2. Jewelled gauntlet. It will be observed, that the nails of the fingers are represented on those of the gauntlet. 3. Specimen of the mails of the camail. The mailing of the camail was left blank in Mr. Stothard's original drawing, which has therefore been followed, but there is no doubt but he intended it should be filled up. See Plate 1. Plate 111. ProHle of Margaret the Countess. Details. l.Rich circlet and jewelled network confining the hair. 2. Band crossing the breast, and fastening the mantle to the shoulders. 3. Coiffure of Countess Joan. 4. Band or frontlet on her forehead.

NO IMAGE. Neville Arms with a label compony of Beaufort for difference, to signify his junior status as a son of his father's second marriage to Joan Beaufort, a legitimised daughter of John of Gaunt. Source.

[his son] Cuthbert Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

[his son] John Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

[his daughter] Anne Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.59%.

[his son] Henry Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

[his daughter] Margaret Neville Baroness Scrope Bolton was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.59%.

Calendars. 5. The following are assigned to be triers of petitions from England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland:

The archbishop of Canterbury.

The duke of Guyenne and duke of Lancaster.

The duke of Gloucester.

The Bishop of  London.

The Bishop of  Winchester.

The Abbot of Westminster.

The Earl of Derby.

The Earl of Arundel.

The Earl of Warwick.

Lord Neville.

Sir Richard le Scrope.

Sir Philip Spenser.

Sir Walter Clopton.

William Thirning.

William Rickhill.

John Wadham.

to act all together, or at least six of the aforesaid prelates and lords; consulting with the chancellor, treasurer, steward, and chamberlain, and also the king's serjeants when necessary. And they shall hold their session in the chamberlain's room near the Painted Chamber [Map].

[his daughter] Elizabeth Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.59%.

Calendars. 33. Also, on the same Saturday [10 February 1397], a charter of the king made to the earl marshal touching his office of marshal of England, and the gold staff adorned with the emblem of the king's arms which he will carry in his office, was read and delivered to the said earl. The tenor of which charter follows:

The king to the same, greeting. Know that whereas recently by our letters patent of our special grace we granted to our beloved kinsman Thomas, Earl of Nottingham, the office of marshal of England, together with the name and honour of earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, with all the fees, profits, and appurtenances whatsoever pertaining in any way to the said office, in perpetuity; as is fully contained in the same letters. We, mindful of the gracious and laudable services often performed by the aforementioned earl, on either side of the sea, for the benefit and honour of us and our kingdom, at no small effort, cost, and charge to him; and wishing therefore to provide for the estate and honour of that earl, of our special grace have granted in our present parliament for us and our heirs to the same earl the said office, and the name, title, and honour of earl marshal of England, to have to him and his male heirs issuing from his body, together with all offices, commodities, profits and other appurtenances whatsoever, both in our courts and elsewhere, relating or pertaining in any way to the same office, in the same manner and as fully, freely, wholly, and peacefully as Thomas Brotherton, lately Earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, father of our beloved kinswoman Margaret Countess of Norfolk, [widow] of the aforesaid late earl, or Roger Bigod sometime Earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, or any other after the death of the same former earl, or the same present earl, had or held the said office of marshal of England in their time.

Willing further and granting for us and our heirs, that the office of marshal of our Bench before us, which John Wicks holds for the term of his life by our grant, and the office of marshal in our treasury which Richard Gascoigne holds for his life by grant of our beloved brother Thomas Earl of Kent, lately marshal of England, by our confirmation; and also the office of herald of the marshal before the steward and marshal of our household, which Guy Allesley holds for his life by grant of the lord Edward [III], late king of England, our grandfather, and by our confirmation; which offices after the death of the aforesaid John, Richard and Guy should revert to us and our heirs, after the death of the same John, Richard, and Guy shall remain to the aforementioned earl marshal, to have to him and his male heirs in perpetuity. And that the same offices, and all other offices in any of our courts and elsewhere, which pertained, and used to pertain to the said office of marshal of England in times past, shall be fully restored, annexed, and reunited to the said office of marshal of England in perpetuity. And that the same earl and his male heirs may give, grant, or confer those offices on any suitable persons freely and without hindrance as soon as they shall have fallen vacant by death, demise, resignation, surrender, or in any other way, notwithstanding any of our letters patent made to the contrary.

Considering also the vigour and nobility of that earl, and that he may in future the more fittingly and honourably perform and exercise the aforesaid office, we have granted for us and our heirs to the same present earl that he and his said male heirs, marshals of England, by virtue of their aforesaid office should have, carry, and bear, as well in the presence as in the absence of us and our heirs, a certain gold staff, with both ends enamelled in black, and with the emblem of our arms decorating the top of the said staff, and with the emblem of the arms of that earl decorating the bottom of the said staff; notwithstanding that the same present earl in his time, or the aforementioned former earls, or any other who had the said office of marshal of England before this time, used to carry or bear a wooden staff. Witnessed by these, the venerable fathers Thomas archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, Robert of London, William of Winchester, John of Ely, Edmund of Exeter, our chancellor, bishops; John of Aquitaine and Lancaster, Edmund of York, dukes, our beloved uncles; Henry of Derby, Edward of Rutland, Henry of Northumberland, earls; Reginald Grey of Ruthin, Ralph Neville, John Lovell, knights; Roger Walden, dean of York, our treasurer, Thomas Percy, steward of our household, and others. Given by our hand at Westminster on 10 February 1397.

[his daughter] Alice Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Margaret Stafford Baroness Neville Raby. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.59%.

[his son] Bishop Robert Neville was born to Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Joan Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland. He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 1364-1425 appears on the following Descendants Family Trees:

John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby 1337-1388

Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby

Royal Ancestors of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 1364-1425

Kings Wessex: Great x 10 Grand Son of King Edmund "Ironside" I of England

Kings Gwynedd: Great x 7 Grand Son of Owain "Great" King Gwynedd

Kings Seisyllwg: Great x 13 Grand Son of Hywel "Dda aka Good" King Seisyllwg King Deheubarth

Kings Powys: Great x 8 Grand Son of Maredudd ap Bleddyn King Powys

Kings England: Great x 5 Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Kings Scotland: Great x 8 Grand Son of Malcolm III King Scotland

Kings Franks: Great x 15 Grand Son of Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks

Kings France: Great x 7 Grand Son of Louis "Fat" VI King France

Royal Descendants of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 1364-1425

King Edward IV of England x 1

King Richard III of England x 1

Anne Neville Queen Consort England x 1

Catherine Parr Queen Consort England x 1

Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland x 1

Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom x 96

Queen Consort Camilla Shand x 33

Diana Spencer Princess Wales x 276

Catherine Middleton Princess of Wales x 2

Ancestors of Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 1364-1425

Great x 4 Grandfather: Geoffrey Fitzrobert aka Neville

Great x 3 Grandfather: Geoffrey Neville

Great x 4 Grandmother: Joan Monmouth

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Neville

Great x 1 Grandfather: Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby

GrandFather: Ralph Neville 2nd Baron Neville of Raby 8 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzrobert 3rd Baron Warkworth

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Fitzjohn 4th Baron Warkworth

Great x 4 Grandmother: Ada Balliol Baroness Warkworth

Great x 2 Grandfather: Robert Fitzroger 5th Baron Warkworth

Great x 1 Grandmother: Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby 7 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Zouche

Great x 3 Grandfather: Alan Zouche

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Bisset

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Zouche Baroness Warkworth 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger de Quincy 2nd Earl Winchester

Great x 3 Grandmother: Helen or Ela Quincy 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Helen Galloway Countess Winchester 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Father: John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Adam Audley

Great x 3 Grandfather: Henry Audley

Great x 4 Grandmother: Emma Fitzorm

Great x 2 Grandfather: James Audley

Great x 4 Grandfather: Ralph Mainwaring

Great x 3 Grandmother: Bertrade Mainwaring

Great x 1 Grandfather: Hugh Audley 1st Baron Audley of Stratton Audley 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William "Longsword" Longespee Earl Salisbury Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Longespée Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Ela Longespée Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Richard Camville

Great x 3 Grandmother: Idoine Camville

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eustachia Basset

GrandMother: Alice Audley Baroness Greystoke and Neville 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Ralph Mortimer

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer of Wigmore Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Gwladus verch Llewelyn "Dark Eyed" Aberffraw Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Edmund Mortimer 2nd Baron Mortimer of Wigmore 2 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: William de Braose

Great x 3 Grandmother: Maud de Braose

Great x 4 Grandmother: Eva Marshal

Great x 1 Grandmother: Iseult Mortimer 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Enguerrand Ingleram Fiennes

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Fiennes

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Provence

Great x 2 Grandmother: Margaret Fiennes 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Beaumont 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Blanche Beaumont 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Jeanne Chateaudun

Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Henry Percy

Great x 3 Grandfather: William Percy 6th Baron Percy Topcliffe

Great x 2 Grandfather: Henry Percy 7th Baron Percy Topcliffe

Great x 1 Grandfather: Henry Percy 9th and 1st Baron Percy

GrandFather: Henry Percy 10th and 2nd Baron Percy 5 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzalan 6th Earl of Arundel 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: John Fitzalan 7th Earl of Arundel 5 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud Verdun Countess Arundel

Great x 2 Grandfather: Richard Fitzalan 8th Earl of Arundel 3 x Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Mortimer 1st Baron Mortimer of Wigmore Great Grand Son of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabella Mortimer Countess Arundel 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Maud de Braose

Great x 1 Grandmother: Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King John "Lackland" of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Manfred III Marquess Saluzzo

Great x 3 Grandfather: Thomas I Marquess Saluzzo 5 x Great Grand Son of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Beatrice Savoy Marchioness of Saluzzo 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Alice Saluzzo Countess Arundel 6 x Great Grand Daughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England

Mother: Maud Percy Baroness Neville Raby 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Roger Clifford

Great x 3 Grandfather: Roger Clifford

Great x 4 Grandmother: Sybil Ewyas

Great x 2 Grandfather: Roger Clifford

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Botreaux

Great x 3 Grandmother: Hawise Botreaux

Great x 4 Grandmother: Hawise Newmarche

Great x 1 Grandfather: Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford 6 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Vipont

Great x 3 Grandfather: Robert Vipont Lord Westmoreland 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Sybil Ferrers 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandmother: Isabella Vipont 5 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Fitzgeoffrey

Great x 3 Grandmother: Isabel Fitzjohn

Great x 4 Grandmother: Isabel Bigod

GrandMother: Idonia Clifford Baroness Percy 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Gilbert Clare 5th Earl Gloucester 4th Earl Hertford 2 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 3 Grandfather: Richard de Clare 6th Earl Gloucester 5th Earl Hertford 3 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 2 Grandfather: Thomas de Clare 4 x Great Grand Son of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandfather: John Lacy Earl Lincoln

Great x 3 Grandmother: Maud Lacy Countess Gloucester and Hertford 4 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Margaret Quincy 3rd Countess Lincoln and Pembroke 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England

Great x 1 Grandmother: Maud Clare Baroness Clifford Baroness Welles 3 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Maurice Fitzgerald 2nd Lord Offaly

Great x 3 Grandfather: Maurice Fitzgerald 4th Lord Offaly

Great x 4 Grandmother: Juliana Granville Baroness Offaly

Great x 2 Grandmother: Juliana Fitzgerald 2 x Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandfather: Stephen Longespée Grand Son of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 3 Grandmother: Emmeline Longespée Baroness Offaly Great Grand Daughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England

Great x 4 Grandmother: Emmeline Riddlesford