Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster [Map]

Westminster is in London.

1051 Banishment of the Godwins

1153 Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

1272 Death of Henry III

1308 King Edward II and Isabella of France arrive in England

1397 Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl of Surrey 11th Earl Arundel

1474 Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead

1483 Death of Edward IV

1511 Birth and Death of Prince Henry

1540 May Day Jousting

1551 Trial and Execution of Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1962 London Premiere of Lawrence of Arabia

Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster

Around Aug 1153 King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England (age 20) and King Stephen I England (age 59) agreed the Treaty of Wallingford aka Winchester aka Westminster by which King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England (age 20) would inherit the throne on the death of King Stephen I England (age 59). The Treaty was ratified by Archbishop Theobald of Bec (age 63) at Westminster [Map] in Christmas 1153.

Death of Henry III

On 16 Nov 1272 King Henry III of England (age 65) died at Westminster [Map]. His son King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 33) succeeded I King England. Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 31) by marriage Queen Consort England.

Calendars. 24 Jan 1308 King Edward II of England (age 23). Canterbury, Kent [Map]. To the Sheriffs of London. Order to deliver John de la Dune, Roger de Hopton, Richard le Harpour, Roger de Soppewalle, Roger le Keu, Rober le Hunt, Thomas de Sydenham, Henry le Gardener, Thomas de la More, Philip Kemp, John le Wayt, and John le Wodeward, the men and servants of Adam de Kyngeshemede, in the King's prison of Newgate [Map] for a trespass committed by them upon the King's men at Westminster [Map], from prison upon their finding sufficient mainpernor's to have them before the King (age 23) or his Lieutenant in the quinzaine of the Purification of St Mary to stand to right concerning the said trespass. Witness: Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 24).

King Edward II and Isabella of France arrive in England

Calendars. 09 Feb 1308 King Edward II of England (age 23). Dover, Kent [Map]. To Alice, late wife of Roger Bigod, Earl of Norfolk and Marshall of England. Order to meet the king at Dover, Kent [Map] on his return from France with his consort about Sunday next after the Feast of the Purification of St Mary. Witnessed by Piers Gaveston 1st Earl Cornwall (age 24).

The like to:

Elizabeth, Countess of Hereford and Essex (age 25).

Henry de Lancastre (age 27).

Robert de Monte Alto.

Almaric de Sancto Amando[Ibid].

To R Archbishop of Canterbury (age 63). Order to attend the king's coronaion on Sunday next after the feast of St Valentine [14 Feb] at Westminster [Map], to execute what pertains to his office.

To the Sheriff of Surrey. Order to proclaim in market towns, etc., that no knight, esquire, or other shall, under pain of forfeiture, pressure to tourney or make jousts or bordices (torneare, justos seu burdseicas facere), or otherwise go armed at Croydon, Surrey [Map] or elsewhere before the king's coronation.

On 04 Jul 1392 Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford (age 24) died at Westminster [Map]. His brother William Stafford 4th Earl Stafford (age 16) succeeded 4th Earl Stafford, 5th Baron Stafford.

Arrest and Execution of Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl of Surrey 11th Earl Arundel

On 21 Sep 1397 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl of Surrey 11th Earl of Arundel (age 51) was tried at Westminster [Map].

He was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map] immediately thereafter. Earl Surrey and Earl Arundel Sussex forfeit.

Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead

Calendars. 06 Jun 1474. Westminster Palace [Map]. Exemplification at the request of Richard Duke of Gloucester (age 21), of the tenour of an act (English) in the Parliament summoned at Westminster [Map], 6 October, 12 Edward IV, and continued to 9 May, 14 Edward IV, ordaining that George Duke Clarence (age 24), and Isabel (age 22) his wife and Richard Duke of Gloucester, and Anne (age 17) his wife, daughters and heirs to Richard Nevyle, late Earl of Warwick, and daughters and heirs apparent to Anne Beauchamp (age 47), his wife should possess and enjoy as in the right of the said wives all possessions belonging to the said Countess as though she were naturally dead and that she should be barred and excluded therefrom, that they should make partition of the premises and the same partition should be good in law, that the said Dukes should enjoy for life all the possessions of their wives if they should outlive the latter, that the said George (age 24) and Isabel (age 22) should not make any alienation, grant, fine or recovery of any of the premises to the hurt of the said Richard (age 21) and Anne (age 17) or the latter to the hurt of the former, that if the said Richard and Anne be divorced and afterwards married this Act should hold good, that if they be divorced and he do his effectual diligence to be married to her and during her life be not wedded to any other woman he should enjoy as much of the premises as should appertain to her during his life, and that notwithstanding the restraint of alienation or recovery above specified the lordship, manor and wappentake of Chesterfield [Map] and Scarvesdale with the appurtenances and all the lands and tenements in Chesterfield [Map] and Scarvesdale sometime of Ales, late Countess of Salisbury, might be given to the King and his heirs in exchange for other lands and tenements, which shall however be subject of this Act.Anne Beauchamp declared Legally Dead.

Death of Edward IV

On 25 Mar 1483 King Edward IV of England (age 40) returned to Westminster [Map] from Windsor, Berkshire [Map]. A few days later he became sufficiently unwell to add codicils to his will, and to have urged reconciliation between William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (age 28); it isn't clear what the cause of the friction between the two men was although it appears well known that Hastings resented the Woodville family.

On 09 Apr 1483 King Edward IV of England (age 40) died at Westminster [Map]. His son King Edward V of England (age 12) succeeded V King England. Those present included Elizabeth Woodville Queen Consort England (age 46), William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 52) and Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset (age 28).

Birth and Death of Prince Henry

In Feb 1511 Henry VIII (age 19) celebrated the birth of his son by holding a magnificent tournament at Westminster [Map]. The challengers included Henry VIII (age 19) who fought as Cuere Loyall, Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 15) as Bon Vouloir, Edward Neville (age 40) as Joyeulx Penser, Thomas Knyvet (age 26) as Valiant Desyr and Thomas Tyrrell.

On Day 1 of the tournament the Answerers included: William Parr 1st Baron Parr of Horton (age 28), Henry Grey 4th Earl Kent (age 16), Thomas Cheney (age 26), Richard Blount and Robert Morton.

On Day 2 of the tournament the Answerers included: Richard Tempest of Bracewell (age 31), Thomas Lucy, Henry Guildford (age 22), Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 27), Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 34), Richard Grey, Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane (age 32), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 38), Edmund Howard (age 33) and Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire (age 32).

May Day Jousting

On 01 May 1540 a tournament was held at Westminster [Map]. Gregory Cromwell 1st Baron Cromwell Oakham (age 20), Thomas Poynings 1st Baron Poynings (age 28), Thomas Seymour 1st Baron Seymour (age 32), John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 36), Richard Cromwell (age 45) and George Carew (age 36) were challengers.

On 12 Nov 1555 Bishop Stephen Gardiner (age 72) died at Westminster [Map].

On 25 Feb 1661 Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex was born illegitimately to King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 20) at Westminster [Map].

On 29 Nov 1682 Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland (age 62) died without legitimate issue at Westminster [Map]. Duke Cumberland and Earl Holderness extinct. He was buried in the Crypt, Westminster Abbey.

On 12 Nov 1684 Admiral Edward Vernon was born to James Vernon (age 38) in Westminster [Map].

On 28 Aug 1731 Charles Boyle 4th Earl Cork 4th Earl Orrery (age 57) died at Westminster [Map]. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son John Boyle 5th Earl Cork (age 24) succeeded 5th Earl Cork. Henrietta Hamilton Countess Cork by marriage Countess Cork.

On 04 Mar 1750 Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie 2nd Earl Radnor was born to William Pleydell-Bouverie 1st Earl Radnor (age 25) and Harriet Pleydell at Westminster [Map].

On 10 Apr 1766 Lawrence Dundas 1st Earl Zetland was born to Thomas Dundas 1st Baron Dundas (age 25) and Charlotte Fitzwilliam Baroness Dundas (age 19) in Westminster [Map].

On 25 Apr 1769 Robert Brudenell 6th Earl Cardigan was born to Robert Brudenell and Anne Bisshopp (age 41) at Westminster [Map].

On 08 Jan 1797 Arthur Chichester 1st Baron Templemore was born to Spencer Stanley Chichester (age 21) and Anne Harriet Stewart (age 28) at Westminster [Map].

On 16 Jul 1887 Alexander Dalton Cockburn (age 41) died at Westminster [Map].

On 11 Jul 1904 Daphne Vivian Marchioness Bath was born to George Vivian 4th Baron Vivian (age 26) and Barbara Cicely Fanning Baroness Vivian at Westminster [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Bayswater

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Bayswater, Connaught Place

On 07 Feb 1827 Bishop George Pelham (age 60) died at his residence at Connaught Place, Bayswater. He was buried in the Pelham family vault at All Saint's Church, Laughton.

On 21 Jan 1878 George Vivian 4th Baron Vivian was born to Hussey Vivian 3rd Baron Vivian (age 43) at Connaught Place, Bayswater.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Bayswater, Orme Square

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Bayswater, 2 Orme Square

On 21 Oct 1950 David Lascelles 8th Earl of Harewood was born to George Henry Hubert Lascelles 7th Earl Harewood (age 27) and Marion Stein Countess Harewood (age 24) at 2 Orme Square, Bayswater. He was baptised at All Saints Church Harewood [Map]. His godparents included Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 24), Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 83), Margaret Selina Lascelles Viscountess Boyne (age 67) and his uncle Gerald David Lascelles (age 26). He a great grandson of George V King United Kingdom.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Bayswater, Porchester Square

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Bayswater, 7 Porchester Square

On 03 Jan 1879 Lieutenant-Colonel Robert James Francis Meyricke was born to Robert Henry Meyricke (age 35) and Katharine "Kate" Carswell Clerk (age 29) at 7 Porchester Square, Bayswater. He was baptised on 17 Feb 1879 at

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Green Park

On 07 May 1771 Edward Ligonier 1st Earl Ligonier (age 31) duelled at Green Park with Vittorio Amadeo, Count Alfieri, with whom he believed his wife Penelope Pitt (age 22) was conducting an affair.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Green Park, Constitution Hill

In Jul 1835 Edward Harbord 3rd Baron Suffield (age 53) died at Vernon House Park Place after a fall from his horse on Constitution Hill. His son Edward Harbord 4th Baron Suffield (age 22) succeeded 4th Baron Suffield, 5th Baronet Harbord of Suffield in Norfolk.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Green Park, Spencer House

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Leicester Square

On 15 Nov 1698 Henriette Louise Jeffreys Countess Pomfret was born to John Jeffreys 2nd Baron Jeffreys (age 25) and Charlotte Herbert Viscountess Windsor (age 22) at Leicester Square.

In 1699 Edward Rich 6th Earl Warwick 3rd Earl Holland (age 26) and Charles Mohun 4th Baron Mohun Okehampton (age 24) were tried for the murder of Richard Coote following a duel on Leicester Square and found guilty of manslaughter. He escaped punishment by pleading privilege of peerage. He and Mohun had killed Coote in a duel and it was common for a seventeenth-century jury in such cases to take a lenient view of such matters.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Leicester Fields Leicester Square

On 12 Apr 1696 Henry Bourchier Fane (age 27) was killed in a duel with Elizeus Burges at Leicester Fields Leicester Square.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Leicester Square, Leicester House

Pepy's Diary. 21 Oct 1668. At noon to dinner to Mr. Batelier's, his mother coming this day a-housewarming to him, and several friends of his, to which he invited us. Here mighty merry, and his mother the same; I heretofore took her for a gentlewoman, and understanding. I rose from table before the rest, because under an obligation to go to my Lord Brouncker's (age 48), where to meet several gentlemen of the Royal Society, to go and make a visit to the French Embassador Colbert (age 43), at Leicester House, he having endeavoured to make one or two to my Lord Brouncker (age 48), as our President, but he was not within, but I come too late, they being gone before: but I followed to Leicester House; but they are gore in and up before me; and so I away to the New Exchange, and there staid for my wife, and she come, we to Cow Lane [Map], and there I shewed her the coach which I pitch on, and she is out of herself for joy almost. But the man not within, so did nothing more towards an agreement, but to Crow's (age 51) about a bed, to have his advice, and so home, and there had my wife to read to me, and so to supper and to bed. Memorandum: that from Crow's, we went back to Charing Cross [Map], and there left my people at their tailor's, while I to my Lord Sandwich's (age 43) lodgings, who come to town the last night, and is come thither to lye: and met with him within: and among others my new cozen Creed, who looks mighty soberly; and he and I saluted one another with mighty gravity, till we come to a little more freedom of talk about it. But here I hear that Sir Gilbert Pickering is lately dead, about three days since, which makes some sorrow there, though not much, because of his being long expected to die, having been in a lethargy long. So waited on my Lord to Court, and there staid and saw the ladies awhile: and thence to my wife, and took them up; and so home, and to supper and bed.

Evelyn's Diary. 08 Oct 1672. I took leave of my Lady Sunderland (age 26), who was going to Paris [Map] to my Lord, now ambassador there. She made me stay to dinner at Leicester House, and afterward sent for Richardson, the famous fire-eater. He devoured brimstone on glowing coals before us, chewing and swallowing them; he melted a beer-glass and ate it quite up; then, taking a live coal on his tongue, he put on it a raw oyster, the coal was blown on with bellows till it flamed and sparkled in his mouth, and so remained till the oyster gaped and was quite boiled. Then, he melted pitch and wax with sulphur, which he drank down as it flamed; I saw it flaming in his mouth a good while; he also took up a thick piece of iron, such as laundresses use to put in their smoothing boxes, when it was fiery hot, held it between his teeth, then in his hand, and threw it about like a stone; but this, I observed, he cared not to hold very long; then he stood on a small pot, and, bending his body, took a glowing iron with his mouth from between his feet, without touching the pot, or ground, with his hands; with divers other prodigious feats.

On 07 Nov 1745 Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn was born to Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales (age 38) and Augusta Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 25) at Leicester House. He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 30 Nov 1745 Henry Frederick Hanover 1st Duke Cumberland and Strathearn was christened at Leicester House.

On 31 Mar 1751 Frederick Louis Hanover Prince of Wales (age 44) died at Leicester House.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Odeon Cinema Leicester Square

On 10 Dec 1962 Lawrence of Arabia received its premiere in London at the Odeon Cinema Leicester Square. The event was attended by Philip Mountbatten Duke Edinburgh (age 41) and Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 36). Peter O'Toole, Omar Sharif, David Lean Director), Sam Spiegel (Producer) and Freddie Young (cameraman) attended. In the audience were Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Attenborough, his wife and son. Noël Coward attended the after-party.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Oxford Street

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, 240 Oxford Street

Around 1861 to 1881 James Currie (age 45) lived at 240 Oxford Street.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Smith Square

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Smith Square, St John's Church

On or before 02 Jun 1754 Joseph Kendrick was born. He was baptised on 02 Jun 1754 at St John's Church.

On 14 Jul 1915 Mauda Alethea Stanley (age 82) died at Alderley Park, Cheshire [Map] of a heart condition. Her funeral was held on 16 Jul 1915. A memorial service was subsequently held at St John's Church to which Queen Mary (age 48) and Queen Alexandra (age 70) sent representatives. Queen Alexandra's wreath was inscribed with: "In memory of dear Miss Stanley and all her many good works. From her devoted Alexandra".

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, St John's Wood

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, St John's Wood, Alpha Place

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, St John's Wood, 7 Alpha Place

1853. William Holman Hunt (age 25). "Awakening Conscience". A mistress realises the undesirability of her actions. Note the absence of a wedding ring on her finger. Hunt hired a room at 7 Alpha Place, a "maison de convenance" to complete the painting. The painting has many symbols: the cat toying with the broken-winged bird under the table symbolises the woman's plight, a man's discarded glove warns that the likely fate of a cast-off mistress was prostitution, a tangled skein of yarn on the floor symbolises the web in which the girl is entrapped. The frame, designed by Hunt, also contains various symbolic emblems; the bells and marigolds stand for warning and sorrow, the star is a sign of spiritual revelation. [Source. Tate]. The model is Annie Miller (age 18).

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, St John's Wood, Fitzjohn's Avenue

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, St John's Wood, 3 Fitzjohn's Avenue

In or before 1921 Philip de László (age 51) moved to a new studio at 3 Fitzjohn's Avenue. The new studio was made to his own designs in the garden and he was proud to welcome his important sitters there. It was decorated with antique furniture, tapestries and objets d'art and the walls were hung with portraits from his own collection of which he was particularly proud, such as those of his mother and his wife Lucy

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Greville Place St John's Wood

On 14 Sep 1846 John Murray 5th Duke Atholl (age 68) died at Greville Place St John's Wood. His nephew George Augustus Frederick Murray 6th Duke Atholl (age 31) succeeded 6th Duke Atholl, 7th Marquess Atholl, 8th Earl Atholl, 9th Earl Tullibardine, 11th Baron Strange Knockin.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Thorney Island

Thorney Island was a small island, or group of islands where the River Tyburn met the Thames, perhaps forming a ford where Watling Street, the Roman Road from Kent to Wroxeter, crossed the Thames.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1051. This year came Archbishop Robert hither over sea with his pall from Rome, one day before St. Peter's eve: and he took his archiepiscopal seat at Christ-church on St. Peter's day, and soon after this went to the king. Then came Abbot Sparhawk to him with the king's writ and seal, to the intent that he should consecrate him Bishop o[oe] London; but the archbishop refused, saying that the pope had forbidden him. Then went the abbot to the archbishop again for the same purpose, and there demanded episcopal consecration; but the archbishop obstinately refused, repeating that the pope had forbidden him. Then went the abbot to London, and sat at the bishopric which the king had before given him, with his full leave, all the summer and the autumn. Then during the same year came Eustace (age 36), who had the sister of King Edward (age 48) to wife, from beyond sea, soon after the bishop, and went to the king; and having spoken with him whatever he chose, he then went homeward. When he came to Canterbury eastward, there took he a repast, and his men; whence he proceeded to Dover, Kent [Map]. When he was about a mile or more on this side Dover, Kent [Map], he put on his breast-plate; and so did all his companions: and they proceeded to Dover. When they came thither, they resolved to quarter themselves wherever they lived. Then came one of his men, and would lodge at the house of a master of a family against his will; but having wounded the master of the house, he was slain by the other. Then was Eustace (age 36) quickly upon his horse, and his companions upon theirs; and having gone to the master of the family, they slew him on his own hearth; then going up to the boroughward, they slew both within and without more than twenty men. The townsmen slew nineteen men on the other side, and wounded more, but they knew not how many. Eustace (age 36) escaped with a few men, and went again to the king (age 48), telling him partially how they had fared. The king (age 48) was very wroth with the townsmen, and sent off Earl Godwin (age 50), bidding him go into Kent with hostility to Dover, Kent [Map]. For Eustace (age 36) had told the king that the guilt of the townsmen was greater than his. But it was not so: and the earl (age 50) would not consent to the expedition, because he was loth to destroy his own people. Then sent the king after all his council, and bade them come to Gloucester nigh the after-mass of St. Mary. Meanwhile Godwin (age 50) took it much to heart, that in his earldom such a thing should happen. Whereupon be began to gather forces over all his earldom, and Earl Sweyne (age 30), his son, over his; and Harold (age 29), his other son, over his earldom: and they assembled all in Gloucestershire, at Langtree, Gloucestershire, a large and innumerable army, all ready for battle against the king; unless Eustace (age 36) and his men were delivered to them handcuffed, and also the Frenchmen that were in the castle. This was done seven nights before the latter mass of St. Mary, when King Edward (age 48) was sitting at Gloucester. Whereupon he sent after Earl Leofric, and north after Earl Siward (age 41), and summoned their retinues. At first they came to him with moderate aid; but when they found how it was in the south, then sent they north over all their earldom, and ordered a large force to the help of their lord. So did Ralph also over his earldom. Then came they all to Gloucester to the aid of the king (age 48), though it was late. So unanimous were they all in defence of the king (age 48), that they would seek Godwin's (age 50) army if the king (age 48) desired it. But some prevented that; because it was very unwise that they should come together; for in the two armies was there almost all that was noblest in England. They therefore prevented this, that they might not leave the land at the mercy of our foes, whilst engaged in a destructive conflict betwixt ourselves. Then it was advised that they should exchange hostages between them. And they issued proclamations throughout to London, whither all the people were summoned over all this north end in Siward's (age 41) earldom, and in Leofric's, and also elsewhere; and Earl Godwin (age 50) was to come thither with his sons to a conference; They came as far as Southwark, Surrey [Map], and very many with them from Wessex; but his army continually diminished more and more; for they bound over to the king (age 48) all the thanes that belonged to Earl Harold (age 29) his son, and outlawed Earl Sweyne (age 30) his other son. When therefore it could not serve his purpose to come to a conference against the king (age 48) and against the army that was with him, he went in the night away. In the morning the king (age 48) held a council, and proclaimed him an outlaw, with his whole army; himself (age 50) and his wife, and all his three sons - Sweyne (age 30) and Tosty (age 25) and Grith (age 19). And he went south to Thorney67, with his wife, and Sweyne (age 30) his son, and Tosty (age 25) and his wife (age 18), a cousin of Baldwin of Bruges (age 38) [Note. Judith Flanders Duchess Bavaria (age 18) was a sister of Baldwin "The Good" V Count Flanders (age 38)], and his son Grith (age 19). Earl Harold (age 29) with Leofwine (age 16) went to Bristol, Gloucestershire [Map] in the ship that Earl Sweyne (age 30) had before prepared and provisioned for himself; and the king (age 48) sent Bishop Aldred from London with his retinue, with orders to overtake him ere he came to ship. But they either could not or would not: and he then went out from the mouth of the Avon; but he encountered such adverse weather, that he got off with difficulty, and suffered great loss. He then went forth to Ireland, as soon as the weather permitted. In the meantime the Welshmen had wrought a castle in Herefordshire, in the territory of Earl Sweyne (age 30), and brought as much injury and disgrace on the king's (age 48) men thereabout as they could. Then came Earl Godwin (age 50), and Earl Sweyne (age 30), and Earl Harold (age 29), together at Beverstone [Map], and many men with them; to the intent that they might go to their natural lord, and to all the peers that were assembled with him; to have the king's (age 48) counsel and assistance, and that of all the peers, how they might avenge the insult offered to the king (age 48), and to all the nation. But the Welshmen were before with the king (age 48), and betrayed the earls, so that they were not permitted to come within the sight of his eyes; for they declared that they intended to come thither to betray the king (age 48). There was now assembled before the king (age 48)68 Earl Siward (age 41), and Earl Leofric, and much people with them from the north: and it was told Earl Godwin (age 50) and his sons, that the king (age 48) and the men who were with him would take counsel against them; but they prepared themselves firmly to resist, though they were loth to proceed against their natural lord. Then advised the peers on either side, that they should abstain from all hostility: and the king (age 48) gave God's peace and his full friendship to each party. Then advised the king (age 48) and his council, that there should be a second time a general assembly of all the nobles in London, at the autumnal equinox: and the king (age 48) ordered out an army both south and north of the Thames, the best that ever was. Then was Earl Sweyne (age 30) proclaimed an outlaw; and Earl Godwin (age 50) and Earl Harold (age 29) were summoned to the council as early as they could come. When they came thither and were cited to the council, then required they security and hostages, that they might come into the council and go out without treachery. The king (age 48) then demanded all the thanes that the earls had; and they put them all into his hands. Then sent the king (age 48) again to them, and commanded them to come with twelve men to the king's (age 48) council. Then desired the earl again security and hostages, that he might answer singly to each of the things that were laid to his charge. But the hostages were refused; and a truce of five nights was allowed him to depart from the land. Then went Earl Godwin (age 50) and Earl Sweyne (age 30) to Bosham [Map], and drew out their ships, and went beyond sea, seeking the protection of Baldwin (age 38); and there they abode all the winter. Earl Harold (age 29) went westward to Ireland, and was there all the winter on the king's (age 48) security.

It was from Thorney69 that Godwin (age 50) and those that were with him went to Bruges [Map], to Baldwin's (age 38) land, in one ship, with as much treasure as they could lodge therein for each man. Wonderful would it have been thought by every man that was then in England, if any person had said before this that it would end thus! For he was before raised to such a height, that he ruled the king (age 48) and all England; his sons were earls, and the king's (age 48) darlings; and his daughter (age 25) wedded and united to the king (age 48). Soon after this took place, the king (age 48) dismissed the lady (age 25) who had been consecrated his queen, and ordered to be taken from her all that she had in land, and in gold, and in silver, and in all things; and committed her to the care of his sister at Wherwell [Map]. Soon after came Earl William (age 23) from beyond sea with a large retinue of Frenchmen; and the king (age 48) entertained him and as many of his companions as were convenient to him, and let him depart again. Then was Abbot Sparhawk driven from his bishopric at London; and William (age 23) the king's priest was invested therewith. Then was Oddy appointed earl over Devonshire, and over Somerset, and over Dorset, and over Wales; and Algar, the son of Earl Leofric, was promoted to the earldom which Harold (age 29) before possessed.

Note 67. The ancient name of Westminster; which came into disuse because there was another Thorney in Cambridgeshire.

Note 68. i.e. at Gloucester, according to the printed Chronicle; which omits all that took place in the meantime at London and Southwark.

Note 69. Now Westminster.

John of Worcester. 08 Sep 1051. Meanwhile, Godwin (age 50) and his sons [Note. Sweyn (age 30), Harold (age 29), Tostig (age 25), Gyrth (age 19), Leofwine (age 16) and Wulfnoth (age 11); it isn't clear whether all were present?], with their respective armies, entered Gloucestershire after the feast of the nativity of St. Mary [8th September], and encamping at a place called Langtreo, sent envoys to the king at Gloucester, demanding the surrender of count Eustace (age 36) and his followers, as well as of the Normans and men of Boulogne, who were in possession of the castle on the cliff at Dover, Kent [Map], on pain of hostilities. The king, alarmed for a time at this message, was in great distress, and in the utmost perplexity what to do. But when he found that the troops of the earls Leofric, Siward (age 41), and Ralph were on their march, he replied with firmness that he would by no means consent to give up Eustace (age 36) and the rest who were demanded. On hearing this, the envoys returned from their bootless errand. As they were departing, the army entered Gloucester, so exasperated, and unanimously ready to fight, that, if the king had given permission, they would have instantly engaged earl Godwin's (age 50) army. But earl Leofric considering that all the men of greatest note in England were assembled either on his side or the other, it appeared to him and some others a great folly to fight with their own countrymen, and he proposed that, hostages having been given by both parties, the king and Godwin (age 50) should meet at London on a day appointed, and settle their controversy in a legal way. This advice being approved, and after the exchange of messages, hostages having been given and received, the earl (age 50) returned into Wessex; and the king assembled a more powerful army from the whole of Mercia and Northumbria, and led it to London. Meanwhile, Godwin (age 50) and his sons came to Southwark with a vast multitude of the people of Wessex; but his army gradually dwindling away and deserting him, he did not venture to abide the judgment of the king's court, but fled, under cover of night. When, therefore, the morning came, the king, in his witan, with the unanimous consent of the whole army, made a decree that Godwin (age 50) and his five sons should be banished. Thereupon he and his wife Githa, and Tosti (age 25) and his wife Judith (age 18), the daughter of Baldwin, count of Flanders, and two of his. other sons, namely, Sweyn (age 30) and Gurth (age 19), went, without loss of time, to Thorney, where a ship had been got ready for them. They quickly laded her with as much gold, silver, and other valuable articles as she could hold, and, embarking in great haste, directed her course towards Flanders and Baldwin (age 39) the count. His sons Harold (age 29) and Leofwine (age 16), making their way to Brycgstowe [Map], went on board a ship which their brother Sweyn (age 30) had prepared for them, and crossed over to Ireland. The king (age 48) repudiated the queen Edgitha (age 25), on account of his wrath against her father Godwin (age 50), and sent her in disgrace, with only a single handmaid, to Wherwell [Map], where she was committed to the custody of the abbess.67

Note 67. She was a sister of the king.

Flowers of History. 1071. This year also, the English being very injuriously treated by the Normans, fled to the fens of Ely, and to the island of Thorney, where they made themselves a camp of refuge, and elected Hereward (age 36), a warrior of great energy and bravery, as their general. But king William (age 43), alluring some by promises and terrifying others by threats, and corrupting others again by bribes, at last surrounded all the fugitives with a numerous army, and compelled them to return and to submit unto his authority.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Victoria

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Victoria Square

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Victoria Street

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Albert Mansions Victoria Street

On 30 Jan 1880 Henry Paget 3rd Marquess Anglesey (age 58) died without issue at Albert Mansions Victoria Street. His half brother Henry Paget 4th Marquess Anglesey (age 44) succeeded 4th Marquess Anglesey, 5th Earl Uxbridge, 7th Baronet Bayly of Plas Newydd in Anglesey.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Victoria Station [Map]

14 Jun 1913. Coffin of Emily Wilding Davison (deceased) at Victoria Station [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Wellington Barracks

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster, Wellington Barracks, Royal Military Chapel

On 16 Nov 1920 Roland Cubitt 3rd Baron Ashcombe (age 21) and Sonia Rosemary Keppel (age 20) were married at the Royal Military Chapel, Wellington Barracks.

On 12 Nov 1923 Charles Alexander Carnegie 11th Earl of Southesk (age 30) and Princess Maud Duff Countess Southesk (age 30) were married at Royal Military Chapel, Wellington Barracks. She the daughter of Alexander Duff 1st Duke Fife and Louise Windsor Duchess Fife (age 56). He the son of Charles Noel Carnegie 10th Earl of Southesk (age 69) and Ethel Mary Elizabeth Bannerman Countess Southesk (age 55). She a granddaughter of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Gatehouse Prison

After 15 Feb 1627 John Wray 2nd Baronet (age 40) was imprisoned for declining to act under the commission, to contribute to the loan, or to give security for his appearance before the council at Gatehouse Prison, Westminster Abbey.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Tothill Street

Before 28 Dec 1708 Thomas Culpepper (age 71) died at Tothill Street. On 28 Dec 1708 Thomas Culpepper (age 71) was buried at St Margaret's Church, Westminster [Map].

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Tothill Street, Swan with Two Necks Tavern

Pepy's Diary. 04 Apr 1664. And at last W. Joyce was called in; and by the consequences, and what my Lord Peterborough (age 42) told me, I find that he did speak all he said to his disadvantage, and so was committed to the Black Rod: which is very hard, he doing what he did by the advice of my Lord Peters' (age 38) own steward. But the Sergeant of the Black Rod did direct one of his messengers to take him in custody, and so he was peaceably conducted to the Swan with two Necks, in Tuttle Street, to a handsome dining-room; and there was most civilly used, my uncle Fenner, and his brother Anthony, and some other friends being with him. But who would have thought that the fellow that I should have sworn could have spoken before all the world should in this be so daunted, as not to know what he said, and now to cry like a child. I protest, it is very strange to observe.

Pepy's Diary. 05 Apr 1664. Up very betimes, and walked to my cozen Anthony Joyce's, and thence with him to his brother Will, in Tuttle Street, where I find him pretty cheery over (what) he was yesterday (like a coxcomb), his wife being come to him, and having had his boy with him last night. Here I staid an hour or two and wrote over a fresh petition, that which was drawn by their solicitor not pleasing me, and thence to the Painted Chamber [Map], and by and by away by coach to my Lord Peterborough's (age 42), and there delivered the petition into his hand, which he promised most readily to deliver to the House today.

Europe, British Isles, England, London, Westminster Abbey Area, Tothill Street, Tothill Fields [Map]

Chronicle of Greyfriars. 08 Dec 1551. Item the viij. day of that monyth was a gret muster at Totehylle [Map] of men of armes befor the kynge (age 14), of dyvers lordes.

Chronicle of Greyfriars. 20 Dec 1551. Item the xxth day of December was sorne [sworn] the byshoppe of Ely lorde [chancellor of Engla]nd.

Item that same day was the muster of the dewke of Somersettes servanttes before [the king at] Totylle [Map] also.

Item the same day was comytted unto the tower [Map] the byshopp [of Dur]hame Cudberte Tunstalle (age 77).

Pepy's Diary. 01 Jun 1665. That done, we walked to Cornehill [Map], and there at Mr. Cade's' stood in the balcon and saw all the funeral, which was with the blue-coat boys and old men, all the Aldermen, and Lord Mayor, &c., and the number of the company very great; the greatest I ever did see for a taverne. Hither come up to us Dr. Allen, and then Mr. Povy (age 51) and Mr. Fox (age 38). The show being over, and my discourse with Mr. Povy (age 51), I took coach and to Westminster Hall [Map], where I took the fairest flower, and by coach to Tothill Fields [Map] for the ayre till it was dark. I 'light, and in with the fairest flower to eat a cake, and there did do as much as was safe with my flower, and that was enough on my part.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Jul 1665. After dispatching letters at the office, I by water down to Deptford, Kent [Map], where I staid a little while, and by water to my wife, whom I have not seen 6 or 5 days, and there supped with her, and mighty pleasant, and saw with content her drawings, and so to bed mighty merry. I was much troubled this day to hear at Westminster how the officers do bury the dead in the open Tuttle-fields [Map], pretending want of room elsewhere; whereas the New Chappell churchyard was walled-in at the publick charge in the last plague time, merely for want of room and now none, but such as are able to pay dear for it, can be buried there.

On 09 May 1711 Cholmley Dering 4th Baronet (age 31) was killed in a duel at Tothill Fields [Map]. His son Edward Dering 5th Baronet (age 6) succeeded 5th Baronet Dering of Surrenden Dering in Kent. The duel, unusually with pistols rather than swords, was with Richard Thornhill with whom Dering had argued in a pub near Hampton Court Palace, Richmond [Map] two days previously; Thornhill had afterwards sent Dering a note challenging him to a duel. Both pistols were fired but only Dering was hit. Richard Thornhill was tried for murder but convicted of the lesser offence of manslaughter. Thornhill was murdered three months later.