Culture, England, Court Positions, Royal Household, Master of the Horse

Master of the Horse is in Master.

1470 Welles' Rebellion and Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

1533 Coronation of Anne Boleyn

1685 Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

In 1397 Richard Redman Master of the Horse (age 47) was appointed Master of the Horse.

On 20 Nov 1399 Robert Waterton Constable (age 39) was appointed Master of the Horse to the newly crowned Henry IV King England (age 32).

Welles' Rebellion and Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

Before 03 Feb 1470 Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles attacked Gainsborough Old Hall, Lincolnshire [Map] home of Thomas Burgh 1st Baron Burgh (age 39), a senior Yorkist, Edward IV's (age 27) Master of the Horse. It isn't known whether this attack was a consequence of local or national issues. King Edward IV of England (age 27) summoned Robert's father Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby 7th Baron Welles (age 42) and uncle-in-law Thomas Dymoke (age 42) (married to Margaret Welles (age 38) sister of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles) to London. Both initially went into Sanctuary Westminster Abbey [Map] but were pardoned on 03 Mar 1470.

In 1479 John Cheney 1st Baron Cheyne (age 37) was appointed Master of the Horse.

On 06 Nov 1515 Henry Guildford (age 26) was appointed Master of the Horse.

In 1522 Nicholas Carew of Beddington in Surrey (age 26) was appointed Master of the Horse.

Before 1533 William Goring (age 32) was appointed Master of the Horse.

Coronation of Anne Boleyn

On 01 Jun 1533 the six months pregnant Queen Anne Boleyn of England (age 32) was crowned Queen Consort England by Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 43) at Westminster Abbey [Map]. See Coronation of Anne Boleyn.

John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 62) bore the Crown. Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 16) carried the Salt. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset (age 46) rode in the procession. William Coffin (age 38) was appointed Master of the Horse. Robert Radclyffe 1st Earl of Sussex (age 50) served as Lord Sewer. Henry Parker (age 20) and William Coffin (age 38) were knighted. Thomas Berkeley 6th Baron Berkeley (age 28), Thomas Stanley 2nd Baron Monteagle (age 26) and Henry Capell (age 27) were created Knight of the Bath. Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset (age 46) rode in the procession. Arthur Hopton (age 44) attended.

Thomas More (age 55) refused to attend. Shortly thereafter, More was charged with accepting bribes, but the charges had to be dismissed for lack of any evidence.

Anne Braye Baroness Cobham (age 32) was the attendant horsewoman.

Charles Wriothesley (age 25) attended.

In 1544 Robert Tyrwhitt Master (age 41) was appointed Master of the Horse.

In 1553 Edward Hastings 1st Baron Hastings of Loughborough (age 32) was appointed Master of the Horse by Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 36).

Henry Machyn's Diary. 05 Aug 1553. And the Qwene (age 37) grace mad ser Edward Hastyngs (age 32) master of the horse, and ser Thomas Jernyngham [Note. Mistake for Henry made before.] vysse-chamburlayne and captayn of the gard, and master Rochastur (age 59) master controller; my lord marqwes of Wynchaster (age 70) lord tresorer of England, and dyvers odur offeserse, and dyvers odur.

In Apr 1554 Anthony Browne 1st Viscount Montagu (age 25) was appointed Master of the Horse.

On 25 Dec 1557 Henry Jerningham of Cotesby Hall (age 45) was appointed Master of the Horse.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 25 Dec 1557. The xxv day of Desember wher dyvers [courtiers] was removyd unto he-her [higher] rommys; as ser Edward Hastynges (age 36), master of the quen's hors, was mad lord chamburlayn; and ser Thomas Cornwalles comptroller; ser Hare Jarnyngham (age 45) the master of the hors; and ser Hare Benefeld (age 48) fee-chamburlayn and captayn of the gard.

In Jun 1587 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl Essex (age 21) was appointed Master of the Horse.

On 01 Jan 1616 George Villiers 1st Duke of Buckingham (age 23) was appointed Master of the Horse. See Diary of Anne Clifford.

In 1628 Henry Rich 1st Earl Holland (age 37) was appointed Master of the Horse.

Pepy's Diary. 22 Apr 1661. In which it is impossible to relate the glory of this day, expressed in the clothes of them that rid, and their horses and horses clothes, among others, my Lord Sandwich's (age 35). Embroidery and diamonds were ordinary among them. The Knights of the Bath was a brave sight of itself; and their Esquires, among which Mr. Armiger was an Esquire to one of the Knights. Remarquable were the two men that represent the two Dukes of Normandy and Aquitane. The Bishops come next after Barons, which is the higher place; which makes me think that the next Parliament they will be called to the House of Lords. My Lord Monk (age 52) rode bare after the King, and led in his hand a spare horse, as being Master of the Horse. The King, in a most rich embroidered suit and cloak, looked most noble. Wadlow1, the vintner, at the Devil [Map]; in Fleetstreet, did lead a fine company of soldiers, all young comely men, in white doublets. There followed the Vice-Chamberlain, Sir G. Carteret (age 51), a company of men all like Turks; but I know not yet what they are for.

Note 1. Simon Wadlow was the original of "old Sir Simon the king", the favourite air of Squire Western in "Tom Jones". "Hang up all the poor hop-drinkers, Cries old Sim, the king of skinkers". Ben Jonson, Verses over the door into the Apollo.

Pepy's Diary. 08 Mar 1662. In the Hall I met with Serjeant Pierce; and he and I to drink a cup of ale at the Swan [Map], and there he told me how my Lady Monk (age 42) hath disposed of all the places which Mr. Edwd. Montagu hoped to have had, as he was Master of the Horse to the Queen (age 23); which I am afraid will undo him, because he depended much upon the profit of what he should make by these places. He told me, also, many more scurvy stories of him and his brother Ralph, which troubles me to hear of persons of honour as they are.

Execution of the Duke of Monmouth

Evelyn's Diary. 15 Jul 1685. Thus ended this quondam Duke (age 36), darling of his father and ye ladies, being extreamly handsome and adroit; an excellent souldier and dancer, a favourite of the people, of an easy nature, debauch'd by lust, seduc'd by crafty knaves who would have set him up only to make a property, and took the opportunity of the King being of another religion, to gather a party of discontented men. He fail'd, and perish'd. He was a lovely person, had a virtuous and excellent lady that brought him greate riches, and a second dukedom in Scotland. He was Master of the Horse, General of the King his father's Army, Gentleman of the Bedchamber, Knight of the Garter, Chancellor of Cambridge, in a word had accumulations without end. See what ambition and want of principles brought him to! He was beheaded on Tuesday 14th July [Note. Most sources quote 15 Jul 1685]. His mother, whose name was Barlow [Note. Lucy Walter is often spoken of incorrectly as Mrs. Walters or Waters, and during her career she seems to have adopted the alias of Mrs. Barlo or Barlow (the name of a family with which the Walters of Pembrokeshire had intermarried). From Dictionary of National Biography.], daughter of some very meane creatures, was a beautiful strumpet, whom I had often seene at Paris; she died miserably without any thing to bury her; yet this Perkin had ben made to believe that the King had married her; a monstrous and ridiculous forgerie; and to satisfy the world of the iniquity of the report, the King his father (If his father he really was, for he most resembl'd one Sidney, who was familiar with his mother) publickly and most solemnly renounc'd it, to be so enter'd in the Council Booke some yeares since, with all ye Privy Councellors at testation.

In 1760 Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon (age 30) was appointed Master of the Horse which position he held until 1761.

In 1761 John Manners 3rd Duke Rutland (age 64) was appointed Master of the Horse.

In 1768 Henry Somerset 5th Duke Beaufort (age 23) was appointed Master of the Horse to the Queen Consort.

In 1790 George Harcourt 2nd Earl Harcourt (age 53) was appointed Master of the Horse to Charlotte Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort England (age 45) which position he held until his death in 1809.

In 1795 George Bussy Villiers 4th Earl Jersey (age 59) was appointed Master of the Horse to the Prince of Wales, the future King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland (age 32).

In 1804 Francis Ingram Seymour-Conway 2nd Marquess Hertford (age 60) was appointed Master of the Horse by William "The Younger" Pitt (age 44).

In 1806 Henry Herbert 1st Earl Carnarvon (age 64) was appointed Master of the Horse.

The London Gazette 25486. Whitehall, July 1, 1885. The Queen (age 66) has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, appointing the Right Honourable Orlando George Charles (age 66), Earl of Bradford, to be Master of the Horse to Her Majesty.

The London Gazette 26321. Whitehall, August 30, 1892.

The Queen (age 73) has been pleased to direct Letters Patent to be passed under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, appointing the Right Honourable William John, Viscount Oxenbridge (age 63), to be Master of the Horse to Her Majesty.

The London Gazette 26496. Crown Office, March 19, 1894.

The Queen (age 74) has been pleased by Letters Patent to appoint the Right Honourable Richard Edmund Saint Lawrence, Earl of Cork and Orrery, K.P., to be Master of Her Majesty's Horses.