On this Day in History ... 2nd August

02 Aug is in August.

1100 Death of William Rufus Accession of Henry I

1415 Southampton Plot

1591 Elizabeth's Royal Progress

1660 August Creation of Baronets

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

1665 Great Plague of London

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 2nd August

On 02 Aug 1100 William "Rufus" II King England (age 44) was killed whilst hunting, not known whether accidentally or otherwise, in the New Forest, Hampshire. His brother King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 32) succeeded I King England. The brothers Robert Beaumont 1st Earl of Leicester Count Meulan (age 60) and Henry Beaumont 1st Earl Warwick (age 50), and Roger de Clare (age 34) and Gilbert de Clare (age 34) were present.

William of Malmesbury Book 8 Chapter 6. 02 Aug 1100. The day before the king (age 44) died, he dreamed that he was let blood by a surgeon; and that the stream, reaching to heaven, clouded the light, and intercepted the day. Calling on St. Mary for protection, he suddenly awoke, commanded a light to be brought, and forbade his attendants to leave him. They then watched with him several hours until daylight. Shortly after, just as the day began to dawn, a certain foreign monk told Robert Fitz Hamon, one of the principal nobility, that he had that night dreamed a strange and fearful dream about the king: "That he had come into a certain church, with menacing and insolent gesture, as was his custom, looking contemptuously on the standers by; then violently seizing the crucifix, he gnawed the arms, and almost tore away the legs: that the image endured this for a long time, but at length struck the king with its foot in such a manner that he fell backwards: from his mouth, as he lay prostrate, issued so copious a flame that the volumes of smoke touched the very stars." Robert, thinking that this dream ought not to be neglected, as he was intimate with him, immediately related it to the king. William, repeatedly laughing, exclaimed, "He is a monk, and dreams for money like a monk: give him a hundred shillings." Nevertheless, being greatly moved, he hesitated a long while whether he should go out to hunt, as he had designed: his friends persuading him not to suffer the truth of the dreams to be tried at his personal risk. In consequence, he abstained from the chase before dinner, dispelling the uneasiness of his unregulated mind by serious business. They relate, that, having plentifully regaled that day, he soothed his cares with a more than usual quantity of wine. After dinner he went into the forest, attended by few persons; of whom the most intimate with him was Walter, surnamed Tirel, who had been induced to come from France by the liberality of the king. This man alone had remained with him, while the others, employed in the chase, were dispersed as chance directed. The sun was now declining, when the king, drawing his bow and letting fly an arrow, slightly wounded a stag which passed before him; and, keenly gazing, followed it, still running, a long time with his eyes, holding up his hand to keep off the power of the sun's rays. At this instant Walter, conceiving a noble exploit, which was while the king's attention was otherwise occupied to transfix another stag which by chance came near him, unknowingly, and without power to prevent it. Oh, gracious God! pierced his breast with a fatal arrow.1 On receiving the wound, the king uttered not a word; but breaking off the shaft of the weapon where it projected from his body, fell upon the wound, by which he accelerated his death. Walter immediately ran up, but as he found him senseless and speechless, he leaped swiftly upon liis horse, and escaped by spurring him to his utmost speed. Indeed there was none to pursue him: some connived at his flight; others pitied him; and all were intent on other matters. Some began to fortify their dwellings; others to plunder; and the rest to look out for a new king. A few countrymen conveyed the body, placed on a cart, to the cathedral at Winchester; the blood dripping from it all the way. Here it was committed to the ground within the tower, attended by many of the nobility, though lamented by few.

Note 1. "The tradition of William having met his death by the hand of Sir Walter Tirel, whilst hunting in the New Forest, is generally received; but Suger, a contemporary historian, and, as it seems, a friend of Tirel, in his Life of Louis le Gros, king of France, alluding to the death of Rufus, observes, 'Imponebatur a quibusdam cuidam nobili Gualtero Tirello quod eum sagitta perfoderat: quem, cum nec timeret nec speraret, jurejurando sæpius audivimus quasi sacrosanctum asserere, quod ea die nec in eam partem silvæ, in qua rex venebatur, venerit, nec eum in silva omnino viderit. See also Edmer, Hist, Nov. p. 54, and Ord. Vit. Hist. Eccles. lib. x. p. 783."— Hardy.

Translation: It was imposed by some on a certain nobleman, Walter Tirellus, that he had pierced him with an arrow, whom he neither feared nor hoped for, we have often heard him swearing, as if it were sacrosanct, that he did not go to that part of the forest on that day, in which the king was being hunted, he came, and did not see him at all in the forest.

The Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy by Orderic Vitalis 1100. 02 Aug 1100. The morning1 of the day following, King William, having dined with his minions, prepared, after the meal was ended, to go forth and hunt in the New Forest. Being in great spirits he was joking with his attendants while his boots were being laced, when an armourer came and presented to him six arrows. The king immediately took them with great satisfaction, praising the work, and unconscious of what was to happen, kept four of them himself and held out the other two to Walter Tirel.2 " It is but right, " he said, " that the sharpest arrows should be given to him who knows best how to inflict mortal wounds with them. " This Tirel was a French knight of good extraction, the wealthy lord of the castles of Poix and Pontoise, filling a high place among the nobles, and a gallant soldier; he was therefore admitted to familiar intimacy with the king, and became his constant companion. Meanwhile, while they were idly talking on various subjects, and the king's household attendants were assembled about him, a monk of Gloucester presented himself and delivered to the king a letter from his abbot. Having read it, the king burst out laughing, and said merrily to the knight just mentioned, " Walter, do what I told you. " The knight replied, " I will, my lord. " Slighting then the warnings of the elders, and forgetting that the heart is lifted up before a fall, he said respecting the letter he had received, " I wonder what has induced my lord Serlo to write to me in this strain, for I really believe he is a worthy abbot and respectable old man. In the simplicity of his heart, he transmits to me, who have enough besides to attend to, the dreams of his snoring monks, and even takes the trouble to commit them to writing, and send them a long distance. Does he think that I follow the example of the English, who will defer their journey or their business on account of the dreams of a parcel of wheezing old women? "

Note 1. Wednesday, August 1, 1100. Malmesbury, whom we have just quoted, tells us that the king did not go out to hunt till after dinner, but that was an early meal in those days.

Note 2. Walter Tirel, lord of Poix ( Somme ), and keeper of the castle of Pontoise.

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 02 Aug 1100. And thereafter on the morning after Lammas day was the King William (age 44) shot in hunting, by an arrow from his own men, and afterwards brought to Winchester, Hampshire [Map], and buried in the cathedral.130 This was in the thirteenth year after that he assumed the government. He was very harsh and severe over his land and his men, and with all his neighbours; and very formidable; and through the counsels of evil men, that to him were always agreeable, and through his own avarice, he was ever tiring this nation with an army, and with unjust contributions. For in his days all right fell to the ground, and every wrong rose up before God and before the world. God's church he humbled; and all the bishoprics and abbacies, whose elders fell in his days, he either sold in fee, or held in his own hands, and let for a certain sum; because he would be the heir of every man, both of the clergy and laity; so that on the day that he fell he had in his own hand the archbishopric of Canterbury, with the bishopric of Winchester, and that of Salisbury, and eleven abbacies, all let for a sum; and (though I may be tedious) all that was loathsome to God and righteous men, all that was customary in this land in his time. And for this he was loathed by nearly all his people, and odious to God, as his end testified:-for he departed in the midst of his unrighteousness, without any power of repentance or recompense for his deeds. On the Thursday he was slain; and in the morning afterwards buried; and after he was buried, the statesmen that were then nigh at hand, chose his brother Henry (age 32) to king. And he immediately131 gave the bishopric of Winchester to William Giffard; and afterwards went to London; and on the Sunday following, before the altar at Westminster, he promised God and all the people, to annul all the unrighteous acts that took place in his brother's time, and to maintain the best laws that were valid in any king's day before him.

Note 130. His monument is still to be seen there, a plain gravestone of black marble, of the common shape called "dos d'ane"; such as are now frequently seen, though of inferior materials, in the churchyards of villages; and are only one remove from the grassy sod.

Note 131. i.e. before he left Winchester for London; literally "there-right"-an expression still used in many parts of England. Neither does the word "directly", which in its turn has almost become too vulgar to be used, nor its substitute, "immediately", which has nearly superseded it, appear to answer the purpose so well as the Saxon, which is equally expressive with the French "sur le champ".

On 02 Aug 1274 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 35) and Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (age 33) arrived at Dover, Kent [Map] after an absence of four years. They travelled to London via Tonbridge Castle [Map], home of Gilbert "Red Earl" Clare 7th Earl Gloucester 6th Earl Hertford (age 30) and Reigate Castle, Surrey [Map], home of John Warenne 6th Earl of Surrey (age 43).

The Chronicle of Adam of Usk. 07 Jun 1394. In the year of our Lord 1394, on Whitsun-day (7th June), died that most gracious lady Ann, queen of England (age 28), at the manor of Shene [Map], which lies on Thames near to Brentford. Which manor, though a royal one and very fair, did king Richard, by reason that that lady’s death happened therein, command and cause to be utterly destroyed. After the ceremony of her funeral, which was carried out with becoming honours on the morrow of Saint Peter ad Vincula (2nd August), the king, clad, with his train, in weeds of mourning, straightway passed over into Ireland with & great power, to subdue the rebellion of the Irish1. Yet he gained but little; for the Irish, then feigning submission to his will, straightway after his departure were in revolt, as all men know.

Note 1. Richard sailed for Iréland early in September, 1394, and returned in May of the next year.

On 02 Aug 1589 Henry III King France (age 37) was assassinated.

On 02 Aug 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 57) left at Nonsuch Palace [Map] to commence her Royal Progress. She travelled south to Mansion House Leatherhead, Surrey [Map]; the home of Edmund Tilney (age 55).

After 02 Aug 1591 Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 57) arrived at East Horsley, Surrey [Map] where she stayed with Thomas Cornwallis 1518-1604.

Evelyn's Diary. 31 May 1641. To Nimeguen [Map]: and on the 2nd of August we arrived at the League, where was then the whole army encamped about Genep, a very strong castle situated on the river Waal; but, being taken four or five days before, we had only a sight of the demolitions. The next Sunday was the thanksgiving sermons performed in Colonel Goring's (age 32) regiment (eldest son of the since Earl of Norwich) by Mr. Goffe (age 36), his chaplain (now turned Roman, and father-confessor to the Queen-Mother (age 31)). The evening was spent in firing cannon and other expressions of military triumphs.

On 02 Aug 1652 Margaret Blagge was born to Thomas Blagge (age 39) and Mary North.

In Aug 1660 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 30) rewarded those who supported his Restoration by awarding them Baronetcies ...

On 02 Aug 1660 Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet (age 62) was created 1st Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire.

On 10 Aug 1660 Peter Leicester 1st Baronet (age 46) was created 1st Baronet Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire. Elizabeth Gerard Lady Leicester by marriage Lady Leicester of Tabley in Cheshire.

On 11 Aug 1660 William wheler 1st Baronet 1611 1666 (age 49) was created 1st Baronet Wheler of the City of Westminster with a special remainder failing the heirs male of his body, "to Charles Wheeler (age 40) [rectius Wheler], cosin to the said Sir William and the heires males of the body of the said Sir Charles."

On 16 Aug 1660 Thomas Lee 1st Baronet (age 25) was created 1st Baronet Lee of Hartwell in Buckinghamshire.

On 16 Aug 1660 John Newton 1st Baronet (age 49) was created 1st Baronet Newton of Barrs Court.

On 16 Aug 1660 Thomas Smith 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Smith of Hatherton in Cheshire.

On 31 Aug 1660 John Drake 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Drake of Ashe in Devon. Dionise Strode Lady Drake by marriage Lady Drake of Ashe in Devon.

In Aug 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...

02 Aug 1661 Thomas Carew 1st Baronet (age 29) was created 1st Baronet Carew of Haccombe in Devon.

04 Aug 1661 John Chichester 1st Baronet (age 38) was created 1st Baronet Chichester of Raleigh in Devon.

07 Aug 1661 Mark Milbanke 1st Baronet (age 23) was created 1st Baronet Milbanke of Halnaby in Yorkshire. Elizabeth Acklom Lady Milbanke by marriage Lady Milbanke of Halnaby in Yorkshire.

17 Aug 1661 William Boyd 1st Earl Kilmarnock (age 15) was created 1st Earl Kilmarnock.

Pepy's Diary. 02 Aug 1664. Thence to the King's play-house, and there saw "Bartholomew Fayre", which do still please me; and is, as it is acted, the best comedy in the world, I believe. I chanced to sit by Tom Killigrew (age 52), who tells me that he is setting up a Nursery; that is, is going to build a house in Moorefields [Map], wherein he will have common plays acted. But four operas it shall have in the year, to act six weeks at a time; where we shall have the best scenes and machines, the best musique, and every thing as magnificent as is in Christendome; and to that end hath sent for voices and painters and other persons from Italy.

Pepy's Diary. 02 Aug 1665. Up, it being a publique fast, as being the first Wednesday of the month, for the plague; I within doors all day, and upon my monthly accounts late, and there to my great joy settled almost all my private matters of money in my books clearly, and allowing myself several sums which I had hitherto not reckoned myself sure of, because I would not be over sure of any thing, though with reason I might do it, I did find myself really worth £1900, for which the great God of Heaven and Earth be praised! At night to the office to write a few letters, and so home to bed, after fitting myself for tomorrow's journey.

On 02 Aug 1666 Alfonso VI King Portugal (age 22) and Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy Queen Consort of Portugal (age 20) were married. She had arrived in Portugal on the same day. The marriage was not consummated. She subsequently married her brother-in-law Peter II King Portugal (age 17) when he took control of the Portuguese throne; an example of Married to Two Siblings. She by marriage Queen Consort Portugal. He the son of John IV King Portugal and Luisa de Guzman Queen Consort Portugal.

On 02 Aug 1671 Elizabeth Babington (age 63) died. She was buried at St Michael's Church, Heydour [Map].

Elizabeth Babington: On or before 09 Aug 1607, the date of her baptism at Rampton, Nottinghamshire, she was born. On 30 Nov 1624 Gervase Eyre and she were married at Rampton, Nottinghamshire.

After 02 Aug 1697. All Saints Church, Thirkleby [Map]. Memorial to William Frankland 1st Baronet (deceased).

On 02 Aug 1788 Joshua Reynolds (age 65) died at his home In Leicester Fields. He was buried in St Paul's Cathedral [Map]. He bequesthed his niece Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond (age 38) £100,000 in his will.

On 02 Aug 1788 Thomas Gainsborough (age 61) died. He was buried at St Anne's Church Kew, Surrey.

On 02 Aug 1845 George Gordon (age 82) died. Memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

George Gordon: Around 1763 he was born to Reverend John Gordon and Ann Dighton. In 1827 he was appointed Dean of Lincoln.

On 02 Aug 1847 Thomas Bateman (age 25) and Sarah Parker (age 23) were married at All Saint's Church, Bakewell, Derbyshire [Map]. He the son of William Bateman.

Henry Chaplin A Memoir: 2 Family and Social Life Part II. The Prince of Wales (age 34) was admitted to the secret a very few days after his departure from Goodwood, and on August 2 [1876] we find him writing to Mr. Chaplin (age 35):

Let me offer you my most sincere congratulations on your engagement to one of the most charming young ladies whom I know and whom I have had the advantage of knowing ever since her childhood. I certainly did think you rather reticent at Goodwood when I hinted at the subject, as I had the Duke of Sutherland's permission to do so, but I now quite understand the reason, and you were, of course, undoubtedly right to follow the wishes of the young lady. Hoping that we may meet at Dunrobin in September, from Yours most sincerely,

ALBERT EDWARD (age 34).

On 02 Aug 1882 Franz Seraph Stirnbrand died.

On 02 Aug 1908 John Roddam Spencer Stanhope (age 79) died.

On 02 Aug 2009. St Oswald's Church, Brereton [Map]. A Peal of 5040 Minor in 7 Methods by the Chester S. College Youths.

Births on the 2nd August

On 02 Aug 1484 George Leslie 4th Earl Rothes was born.

Around 02 Aug 1554 William Sacheverell was born to Ralph Sacheverell (age 30) and Emma Dethick (age 29).

Before 02 Aug 1601 Judith Burgoyne was born to Roger Burgoyne of Sutton in Bedfordshire and Margaret Wendy.

On 02 Aug 1618 Mary Bolles was born to Thomas Bolles (age 40) and Mary Witham 1st Baronetess Bolles (age 39) at Worksop, Nottinghamshire. She was baptised 07 Aug 1618.

On 02 Aug 1646 Admiral Jean du Casse was born.

On 02 Aug 1652 Margaret Blagge was born to Thomas Blagge (age 39) and Mary North.

On 02 Aug 1655 John Hotham 3rd Baronet was born to John Hotham 2nd Baronet (age 23).

Before 02 Aug 1659 Andrew Archer was born to Thomas Archer (age 40) and Anne Leigh (age 26). On 02 Aug 1659 Andrew Archer was baptised.

On 02 Aug 1670 William Skipwith 4th Baronet was born to Grey Skipwith 3rd Baronet (age 48).

On 02 Aug 1674 Philippe Bourbon II Duke Orléans was born to Philip Bourbon I Duke Orléans (age 33) and Elizabeth Charlotte Palatinate Simmern Duchess Orléans (age 22). He a great x 2 grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 02 Aug 1686 Stillborn Saxe Coburg Saalfeld was born to John Ernest Saxe Coburg Saalfeld IV Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 27) and Sophie Hedwig Saxe Merseburg Duchess Saxe Coburg Saalfeld at Saalfield.

On 02 Aug 1705 Grey Skipwith 5th Baronet was born to William Skipwith 4th Baronet (age 35).

On 02 Aug 1739 John Monckton of Fineshade Abbey was born to John Monckton 1st Viscount Galway (age 44) and Jane Westenra Viscountess Galway.

On 02 Aug 1754 Charlotte Murray was born to John Murray 3rd Duke Atholl (age 25) and Charlotte Murray Duchess Atholl (age 22). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.29%.

On 02 Aug 1758 Henry St John 13th Baron St John was born to John St John 12th Baron St John (age 32) and Susanne Louise Simond.

On 02 Aug 1772 Colonel Edward Wingfield was born to Richard Wingfield 3rd Viscount Powerscourt (age 41) and Amelia Stratford Viscountess Powerscourt.

On 02 Aug 1782 William Templer Pole 7th Baronet was born to John de la Pole 6th Baronet (age 25).

On 02 Aug 1783 Richard Hanbury Gurney was born to Richard Gurney (age 40).

On 02 Aug 1788 John Joseph Gurney was born to John Gurney (age 38).

On 02 Aug 1789 Elizabeth Frances Townshend was born to John Townshend (age 32) and Georgiana Anne Poyntz (age 26).

On 02 Aug 1790 Henry William Stanhope was born to Charles Stanhope 3rd Earl of Harrington (age 37) and Jane Fleming Countess Harrington (age 35). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 02 Aug 1799 Reverend Henry Perceval was born to Spencer Perceval (age 36) and Jane Wilson.

On 02 Aug 1805 Emily Frances Kingscote Lady Kennaway was born.

On 02 Aug 1813 Francis Seymour 1st Baronet was born to Henry Augustus Seymour (age 41).

On 02 Aug 1814 Charles Adderley 1st Baron Norton was born.

On 02 Aug 1814 George Greville Wellesley was born to Reverend Gerald Valerian Wellesley (age 43) and Emily Maud Cadogan (age 41).

On 02 Aug 1820 John Rose 1st Baronet was born.

On 02 Aug 1821 Henry de Hoghton 9th Baronet was born to Henry Bold-Hoghton 8th Baronet (age 22).

On 02 Aug 1825 Henry Dorrien Streatfeild was born to Henry Streatfeild (age 41).

On 02 Aug 1833 Caroline Christiane Oldenburg was born to Christian August Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 35) and Louise Sophie Danneskiold Samsøe Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg. He a great x 3 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 02 Aug 1842 Francis Needham 3rd Earl of Kilmorey was born to Francis Needham Viscount Newry (age 27).

On 02 Aug 1846 Lucy Lane was born.

On 02 Aug 1865 George Algernon Lascelles was born to Henry Thynne Lascelles 4th Earl Harewood (age 41) and Diana Smyth Countess Harewood (age 27).

On 02 Aug 1885 Clarence Bruce 3rd Baron Aberdare was born to Henry Bruce 2nd Baron Aberdare (age 34) and Constance Mary Beckett Baroness Aberdare.

On 02 Aug 1896 Alan Crosland Graham was born to Joseph Crosland Graham (age 30) and Marah Bond Robinson (age 35).

On 02 Aug 1900 Mungo Murray 7th and 6th Earl of Mansfield was born to Alan David Murray 5th and 6th Earl Mansfield (age 36).

On 02 Aug 1906 Johann Leopold Saxe Coburg Gotha was born to Charles Edward Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 22) and Viktoria Adelheid Glücksburg (age 20). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 02 Aug 1920 Barbara Hohenzollern was born to William Victor aka Sigismund Hohenzollern (age 23) and Charlotte Saxe Altenburg. She a great x 2 granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Marriages on the 2nd August

On 02 Aug 1254 Louis "Strict" Wittelsbach II Duke Upper Bavaria (age 25) and Maria Reginar Duchess Bavaria (age 28) were married. She by marriage Duchess Bavaria. She the daughter of Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant and Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant. He the son of Otto "Illustrious" Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria and Agnes Welf Duchess Bavaria (age 53). He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England.

On or after 02 Aug 1623 Walter Mansel 2nd Baronet (age 35) and Elizabeth aka Mary Fotherby (age 9) were married. The difference in their ages was 26 years.

Before 02 Aug 1652 Thomas Blagge (age 39) and Mary North were married.

On 02 Aug 1666 Alfonso VI King Portugal (age 22) and Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy Queen Consort of Portugal (age 20) were married. She had arrived in Portugal on the same day. The marriage was not consummated. She subsequently married her brother-in-law Peter II King Portugal (age 17) when he took control of the Portuguese throne; an example of Married to Two Siblings. She by marriage Queen Consort Portugal. He the son of John IV King Portugal and Luisa de Guzman Queen Consort Portugal.

On 02 Aug 1670 Richard Graham 1st Viscount Preston (age 20) and Ann Howard Viscountess Preston (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Charles Howard 1st Earl Carlisle (age 41) and Anne Howard Countess Carlisle.

On 02 Aug 1705 George Heneage (age 30) and Elizabeth Hunloke were married.

On 02 Aug 1714 Evelyn Pierrepont 1st Duke Kingston upon Hull (age 59) and Isabella Bentinck Duchess Kingston upon Hull (age 26) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Dorchester. The difference in their ages was 33 years. She the daughter of William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland and Anne Villiers Countess Portland.

02 Aug 1726 George Monck (age 53) and Mary Molesworth were married.

On 02 Aug 1766 Hugh Carleton 1st Viscount Carleton (age 26) and Elizabeth Mercer of Dublin were married.

On 02 Aug 1799 Charles Culling Smith (age 24) and Anne Wellesley (age 31) were married. She the daughter of Garrett Wellesley 1st Earl Mornington and Anne Hill Countess Mornington (age 57).

On 02 Aug 1814 Mark Masterman-Sykes 3rd Baronet (age 42) and Mary Elizabeth Egerton Lady Sledmere were married. They were half first cousins.

On 02 Aug 1826 John Jervis Tollemache 1st Baron Tollemache (age 20) and Georgiana Louisa Best (age 17) were married. They were first cousins.

On 02 Aug 1837 Henry Amelius Beauclerk Coventry (age 21) and Caroline Stirling Dundas (age 22) were married. He the son of George Coventry 8th Earl Coventry (age 52) and Mary Beauclerk Countess Coventry (age 46). He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 02 Aug 1838 Alexander Nelson Hood 3rd Viscount Bridport and Mary Penelope Hill (age 20) were married. She the daughter of Arthur Blundell Sandys Trumbull Hill 3rd Marquess Downshire (age 49) and Maria Windsor Marchioness Downshire (age 48).

On 02 Aug 1847 Thomas Bateman (age 25) and Sarah Parker (age 23) were married at All Saint's Church, Bakewell, Derbyshire [Map]. He the son of William Bateman.

On 02 Aug 1854 Harry George Powlett 4th Duke Cleveland (age 51) and Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina Stanhope Duchess of Cleveland (age 35) were married at Chevening, Sevenoaks. She the daughter of Philip Henry Stanhope 4th Earl Stanhope (age 72) and Catherine Lucy Smith Countess Stanhope. He the son of William Henry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland and Catharine Margaret Powlett Countess Darlington. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 02 Aug 1865 John William Ramsden 5th Baronet (age 33) and Helen Guendolen Seymour (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Edward Adolphus Seymour 12th Duke of Somerset (age 60) and Jane Georgiana Sheridan Duchess Somerset (age 55).

On 02 Aug 1884 John Leslie 2nd Baronet (age 26) and Leonie Blanche Jerome (age 25) were married at New York; both families disapproved.

On 02 Aug 1898 Ernst Gunther Oldenburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 34) and Dorothea Maria Saxe Coburg Gotha Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 17) were married. She by marriage Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg. He the son of Frederick Christian Oldenburg II Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg and Adelheid Hohenlohe Langenburg Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg. He a great x 4 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 02 Aug 1899 Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Heywood Heywood-Lonsdale and Helena Mabel Hamilton were married.

On 02 Aug 1927 Harold Williams Baron Berners and Vera Ruby Tyrwhitt 15th Baroness Berners (age 25) were married.

Before 02 Aug 1929 Augustus William West (age 63) and Edith Maria Hill-Trevor (age 68) were married.

Deaths on the 2nd August

On 02 Aug 914 or 02 Aug 923 Archbishop Plegmund died.

On 02 Aug 1100 William "Rufus" II King England (age 44) was killed whilst hunting, not known whether accidentally or otherwise, in the New Forest, Hampshire. His brother King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 32) succeeded I King England. The brothers Robert Beaumont 1st Earl of Leicester Count Meulan (age 60) and Henry Beaumont 1st Earl Warwick (age 50), and Roger de Clare (age 34) and Gilbert de Clare (age 34) were present.

Before 02 Aug 1218 Louis II Count Loon was fatally poisoned. His brother Henry Count Loon (age 82) succeeded Count Loon.

On 02 Aug 1218 Henry Count Loon (age 82) was fatally poisoned a few days after his brother had been. His brother Arnold III Count Loon succeeded III Count Loon.

On 02 Aug 1222 Raymond Rouerge Marquess Provence (age 65) died. His son Raymond Rouerge VII Count Toulose (age 25) succeeded VII Count Toulose. Sancha Barcelona Countess Toulose by marriage Countess Toulose.

On 02 Aug 1330 Yolande Capet Duchess Brittany (age 69) died.

On 02 Aug 1347 Alice Tyeys died.

On 02 Aug 1376 Edmund Cornwall (age 61) died.

On 02 Aug 1385 Margaret Courtenay Baroness Cobham died.

On 02 Aug 1402 Elisabeth Wittelsbach (age 73) died.

On 02 Aug 1451 Elisabeth of Görlitz Duchess Brabant (age 60) died.

On 02 Aug 1462 Bertram Harbottle (age 36) died.

On 02 Aug 1532 John Oldenburg (age 14) died.

On 02 Aug 1551 Bishop Henry Holbeach (age 74) died.

On 02 Aug 1556 Bishop George Day (age 55) died.

Before 02 Aug 1581 Henry Ogle of Kirkley (age 56) died.

On 02 Aug 1589 Henry III King France (age 37) was assassinated.

On 02 Aug 1605 Admiral Richard Leveson (age 35) died. He was buried at St Peter's Collegiate Church, Wolverhampton [Map].

On 02 Aug 1648 Claude Lorraine Duchess Lorraine died.

On 02 Aug 1658 Elizabeth Cromwell (age 29) died.

On 02 Aug 1663 Frances Darcy (age 72) died.

On 02 Aug 1669 Bishop Edward Worth (age 49) died at Hackney. He was buried at St Mildred's Church, Bread Street.

On 02 Aug 1671 Elizabeth Babington (age 63) died. She was buried at St Michael's Church, Heydour [Map].

Elizabeth Babington: On or before 09 Aug 1607, the date of her baptism at Rampton, Nottinghamshire, she was born. On 30 Nov 1624 Gervase Eyre and she were married at Rampton, Nottinghamshire.

On 02 Aug 1686 Stillborn Saxe Coburg Saalfeld died at Saalfield.

On 02 Aug 1724 James Lane 2nd Viscount Lanesborough (age 75) died.

On 02 Aug 1726 George Monck (age 53) died.

On 02 Aug 1738 Brigadier-General Edward Montagu (age 54) died.

On 02 Aug 1784 Ann Howard died.

On 02 Aug 1786 Barbara Aston (age 41) died.

On 02 Aug 1788 Thomas Gainsborough (age 61) died. He was buried at St Anne's Church Kew, Surrey.

On 02 Aug 1788 Joshua Reynolds (age 65) died at his home In Leicester Fields. He was buried in St Paul's Cathedral [Map]. He bequesthed his niece Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond (age 38) £100,000 in his will.

On 02 Aug 1788 Nathaniel Cotton (age 81) died.

On 02 Aug 1791 John "Mad Jack" Byron (age 35) died.

On 02 Aug 1810 Charlotte Sophie Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 78) died.

On 02 Aug 1815 Louise Christine Caroline Oldenburg (age 51) died.

On 02 Aug 1826 William Gerard 11th Baronet (age 53) died. His nephew John Gerard 12th Baronet (age 21) succeeded 12th Baronet Gerard of Bryn in Lancashire.

On 02 Aug 1842 Robert James Allgood (age 18) died.

On 02 Aug 1845 George Gordon (age 82) died. Memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

George Gordon: Around 1763 he was born to Reverend John Gordon and Ann Dighton. In 1827 he was appointed Dean of Lincoln.

On 02 Aug 1849 William Joseph Denison Banker (age 80) died unmarried. He left the bulk of his estate to his nephew Albert Denison 1st Baron Londesborough (age 43).

On 02 Aug 1851 William Percival Wynn (age 5) died.

On 02 Aug 1855 Charles William Molyneux 3rd Earl Sefton (age 59) died. His son William Molyneux 4th Earl Sefton (age 19) succeeded 4th Earl Sefton, 11th Viscount Molyneux, 12th Baronet Molyneux of Sefton. Cecil Emily Jolliffe (age 17) by marriage Countess Sefton.

On 02 Aug 1856 Arthur George Onslow (age 36) died.

On 02 Aug 1857 Anna Fermina de Mendoza Baroness bellew died.

On 02 Aug 1861 Charles Stewart 8th Earl Traquair (age 80) died. Earl Traquair and Lord Traquair assumed to be extinct. There may be heirs if the legitimation of 1489 is sufficient to enable the collateral male heirs of the first James Stewart of Traquair to succeed to the Earldom.

On 02 Aug 1866 Fleetwood John Pellew (age 35) died.

On 02 Aug 1873 Robert Curzon 14th Baron Zouche Harringworth (age 63) died. His son Robert Curzon 15th Baron Zouche (age 22) succeeded 15th Baron Zouche Harringworth.

On 02 Aug 1876 Admiral James Ryder Burton (age 81) died.

On 02 Aug 1880 Francis Dukinfield Astley (age 27) drowned in Canada while shooting rapids in a boat with two Indian guides whilst on a sporting holiday with a group of friends.

On 02 Aug 1882 Franz Seraph Stirnbrand died.

On 02 Aug 1908 John Roddam Spencer Stanhope (age 79) died.

On 02 Aug 1913 William Frederick Cuthbert Vernon (age 57) died.

On 02 Aug 1916 Mary Teresa Gooch (age 82) died.

On 02 Aug 1919 Theodesia Selina Dallas Countess Cottenham (age 74) died.

On 02 Aug 1922 Margaret Coke Baroness Belper (age 70) died.

On 02 Aug 1929 Augustus William West (age 63) died.

On 02 Aug 1936 Mary Sibell Ashley-Cooper Baroness Alington (age 33) died.

On 02 Aug 1938 Colonel Donald Alexander Forbes (age 57) died.

On 02 Aug 1944 Charles Hardinge 1st Baron Penshurt (age 86) died.

On 02 Aug 1947 Henry Nevile Fane (age 64) died.

On 02 Aug 1948 Alice Ruth Hermione Thynne died.

On 02 Aug 1962 Armand de Gramont 12th Duc de Gramont (age 82) died.

On 02 Aug 1965 Doreen Maud Milner Marchioness of Linlithgow (age 79) died.

On 02 Aug 1967 Margaret Eleanor Wyndham (age 54) died.

On 02 Aug 1975 Claud Nigel Hamilton (age 85) died.

On 02 Aug 2012 William Smith 4th Viscount Hambleden (age 82) died. His son William Henry Smith 5th Viscount Hambleden (age 56) succeeded 5th Viscount Hambleden of Hambleden in Buckinghamshire.

On 02 Aug 2020 Harry Andrew Renwick 2nd Baron Renwick (age 84) died. His son Robert James Renwick 3rd Baron Renwick (age 53) succeeded 3rd Baron Renwick of Coombe in Surrey, 4th Baronet Renwick of Coombe in Surrey.