On this Day in History ... 02 July

02 Jul is in July.

866 Battle of Brissarthe

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1536 Neville Triple Wedding

1541 Executions

1600 Battle of Nieuwpoort

1644 Battle of Marston Moor

1660 July Creation of Peerages

1704 Battle of Schellenberg

1747 Battle of Lauffeld

1897 Devonshire House Ball

On 02 or 03 Jul 657 Pope Vitalian was elected Pope.

On 02 Jul 863 Bishop Swithun died.

Battle of Brissarthe

On 02 Jul 866 Ranulf I Duke Aquitaine (age 46) and Robert "Strong" King West Francia (age 36) were killed fighting the joint Breton-Viking army at the Battle of Brissarthe at Brissarthe.

On 02 Jul 1226 Waleran Luxemburg III Duke Limburg (age 61) died. His son Henry Luxemburg IV Duke Limburg (age 31) succeeded IV Duke Limburg, I Count Berg.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. On Monday the 2nd of July [1358], Isabella (age 63) left Leeds on her return to Hertford; which she reached on the 6th; making the daily stages of Rochester, Dartford, London, and Tottenham. Sir John de Wynewyk supped with the Queen in London, and the Countess of Warren (age 62) and the Maréchal D'Audenham at Tottenham. She was accompanied to Hertford by the Queen of Scotland (age 36). Isabella remained without visitors for some days after her return to Hertford. A memorandum is entered that the King was expected on the 13th of July; and on the 17th, strangers were entertained during the day, but they are not named.

On 02 Jul 1438 Ernest Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 65) died at Munich. His son Albert Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 37) succeeded III Duke Bavaria.

1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion

Chronicle of Gregory 1450. 02 Jul 1450. And a-pon the morowe, that was the Fryday, a gayn evyn, they smote a sondyr the ropys of the draught brygge and faught sore a manly, and many a man was mortheryde and kylde in that conflycte, I wot not what [to] a name hyt for the multytude of ryffe raffe. And thenne they enteryde in to the cytte of London as men that hadde ben halfe be-syde hyr wytte; and in that furynys they wente, as they sayde, for the comyn wele of the realme of Ingelonde, evyn strayght unto a marchaunte ys place i-namyd Phylyppe Malpas of London. Yf hyt were trewe as they surmysyd aftyr ther doyng, I remytte me to ynke and pauper - Deus scit et ego non [God knows and I am not]. But welle I wote that every ylle begynnynge moste comynly hathe an ylle endyng, and every goode begynnyng hathe the wery goode endyng. Proverbium: - Felix principium finem facit esse beatum [A happy beginning makes an end happy]. And that Phylyppe Malpas was aldyrman, and they spoylydhym ande bare a-way moche goode of hys, and in specyalle moche mony, bothe of sylvyr and golde, the valowe of a notabylle som, and in specyalle of marchaundys, as of tynne, woode, madyr, and alym, whythe grette quantyte of wollyn clothe and many ryche jewellys, why the othyr notabylle stuffe of fedyr beddys, beddyng, napery, and many a ryche clothe of arys, to the vale we of a notabylle sum - nescio, set Deus omnia scit [I don't know, but God knows all things].

On 02 Jul 1466 François Valois Duke Longueville (age 19) and Agnès de Savoy Duchess Longueville were married. She by marriage Queen Consort of France. He the son of Jean "Bastard of Orléans" Valois Count Dunois Count Longueville (age 63) and Marie Harcourt.

Battle of Lochmaben Fair

On 22 Jul 1484 William Douglas 4th Lord Drumlanrig was killed during the Battle of Lochmaben Fair. Note. Some sources report this as the Battle of Kirtie on 02 Jul 1484?

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1528. 02 Jul 1528. R. O. 4453. Richard Broke To Nich. Townesley.

Received his letters dated at Hampton Court, 1 July, requiring him to attend my lord's Grace that day or else tomorrow. Would have done so if he had not been sick of the sweat; from which one of his clerks at London is newly recovered, and another who yesterday wrote divers letters for him fell ill shortly after 12 o'clock at afternoon. All his horses are in Mortlake Park, beside Putneyth. Has ordered his servant, the bearer, to take them out, and get ready his saddles and harness at London that he may ride the circuit. Will be with my Lord whenever his servant brings his horses. Sutton, in Kent, 30 miles from Hampton Court, about midnight before the 2 July.

Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Nicolas Townesley, clerk. Endd.

Letters and Papers 1528. 02 Jul 1528. Titus, B. I. 320. B. M. 4452. John Mordaunt (age 20) To [Wolsey].

Asks him to obtain him the place of under-treasurer, void by the death of Sir William Compton (deceased), about which he spoke to Wolsey at the last vacancy. Last Lent, at Hampton Court, asked him for Sir Harry Wyat's (age 68) room, but he said he had determined to give it to Tuke, though he answered favorably his request to promote him to some such place. Thanks him for all his kindness. Asks his acceptance of 500 marks for the college at Oxford. Will give £100 to the King, if Wolsey pleases, "for his gracious goodness to be showed to me therein."

Asks for the wardship of one of the sisters of the late Mr. Browghton, for his younger sons, as their lands lie in Bradford, in which Mordaunt dwells. Will give £200 more than any other will give. Cannot pay ready money, owing to his expence in buying the heir of Sir Richard Fitzlewes (age 73) and in marrying his daughters, but he will give Wolsey a manor or two instead. Would have attended on Wolsey in person, but dares not presume to do so, in consequence of the sickness. When he first heard the premises, was busy in viewing the King's forest of Rockingham, where the King suffers daily great loss. His servant, the bearer, will attend on Wolsey daily to know his pleasure. 2 July.

Asks him to burn this letter.

Hol., pp. 2.

On 02 Jul 1536 John Stewart 2nd Duke Albany (age 52) died.

1536 Neville Triple Wedding

On 02 Jul 1536 three weddings between the Neville, and Manners and Vere families, were celebrated at one mass at Holywell Priory [Map]:

Henry Neville 5th Earl of Westmoreland (age 11) and Anne Manners Countess of Westmoreland (age 9) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Manners 1st Earl of Rutland (age 44) and Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 41). He the son of Ralph Neville 4th Earl of Westmoreland (age 38) and Katherine Stafford Countess of Westmoreland (age 37). They were half fourth cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Henry Manners 2nd Earl of Rutland (age 9) and Margaret Neville Countess Rutland were married. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 4th Earl of Westmoreland (age 38) and Katherine Stafford Countess of Westmoreland (age 37). He the son of Thomas Manners 1st Earl of Rutland (age 44) and Eleanor Paston Countess Rutland (age 41). They were half fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford (age 20) and Dorothy Neville Countess of Oxford were married. She the daughter of Ralph Neville 4th Earl of Westmoreland (age 38) and Katherine Stafford Countess of Westmoreland (age 37). He the son of John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 65) and Elizabeth Trussell Countess of Oxford.

Those present included Thomas Audley 1st Baron Audley Walden (age 48), Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 63), Charles Brandon 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 52), Henry Grey 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 19), Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 40), John de Vere 15th Earl of Oxford (age 65) and Ralph Neville 4th Earl of Westmoreland (age 38).NOTEXT

1541 Executions

Letters and Papers 1541. 02 Jul 1541. 954. Chapuys (age 51) to the Queen of Hungary.

Almost immediately after Chapuys's return the King (age 50) gave the people of Dunkirk permission to buy here a quantity of wood for their own use for curing herrings, and he has frequently reminded Chapuys of the favor, saying he was surprised that the town had not sent a deputation to say how much wood they required. The deputation has arrived, and now, after being kept 13 days without an answer, they have been told that it is mere loss of time to solicit such things till the Queen has promised to release the harness, copper, and war ammunition purchased by the King some time ago at Antwerp.

On St. Peter's eve lord Leonard (age 62), uncle of the Marquis of Osceter (age 24) (Dorset) and of the Chancellor's (age 53) Elizabeth Grey Baroness Audley, was beheaded in front of the Tower [Map]. Hears he was accused of letting his nephew (age 16), the young Earl of Kildare, escape to France and thence to Liege.

That afternoon two gentlemen were hung, one of whom had an income of over 12,000 ducats a year, and was the handsomest and best bred man in England [Note. Not clear as to who this is? If anyone has information on the identity of this person I'd be grateful if they would email Christopher Smith.], only 25 years old and married to a niece of the Duke of Norfolk (age 68). He was sentenced for having belonged to a set of eight rakish youths, one of whom had killed a poor old man in an unpremeditated fray. For the same cause lord Dacres (deceased) also, son1 of the Duke of Norfolk's (age 68) sister, and cousin of this Queen (age 18), 23 years old and possessing a property of about 5,000 ducats a year, was hung from the most ignominious gibbet, and for greater shame dragged through the streets to the place of execution, to the great pity of many people, and even of his very judges, who wept when they sentenced him, and in a body asked his pardon of the King. But the thing which astonished people most was, that, the same day lord Dacres was hung, another John Cheney (age 28), son of the Treasurer of the Royal household (age 56), who was one of those present at the old man's death, was freely pardoned, though he had been already tried for some like misdemeanour.NOTEXT

At the same time in the North, Sir John Neville (deceased) and about 60 more, among whom at least 25 were ecclesiastics, were executed for the conspiracy of which Chapuys wrote some time ago. Has just heard of the arrival of a Polish gentleman with eight or ten servants. Will endeavour to discover who he is and what he comes for. London, 2 July 1541. Original at Vienna.

Note 1. Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland (deceased), Lord Dacre, was the grandson of Anne Bourchier Baroness Dacre Gilsland who was the maternal half-sister of Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 68); Anne and Thomas' mother was Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 02 Jul 1557. The ij day of July the duke of Norfoke('s) (age 21) sun was crystened at Whytt-hall at after-non, and the kyng (age 30) and my lord chanseler (age 56) was the godfathers, and my old lade the duches of North-foke (age 60) [Note. Assumed to be the dowager duchess of Norfolk since referred to as 'old lade' rather than the current Duchess of Norfolk Elizabeth Leybourne Duchess Norfolk (age 21)] was the god-mother, and ther wher iiijxx storchys bornyng.NOTEXT

Note. P. 141. Christening of the duke of Norfolk's son. Philip earl of Surrey, as he was called in his infancy, and afterwards the distinguished earl of Arundel of that name, was "borne at Arundell place in London 28. of July [June] 1557." (MS. Harl. 897, f. 79.) Stowe also has recorded his christening "in the queenes chapell at Westminster, in a font of gold." The king and lord chancellor stood godfathers "in proper person."

Battle of Nieuwpoort

On 02 Jul 1600 the Battle of Nieuwpoort took place at Nieuwpoort in Flanders.

Charles Drury was killed.

Battle of Marston Moor

On 02 Jul 1644 the Battle of Marston Moor was fought near Tockwith [Map] in Yorkshire. Alexander Seton aka Montgomerie 6th Earl Eglinton (age 56) fought for the Royal army. Lionel Carey (age 22) was killed. John Hay 1st Marquess Teviotdale (age 18) fought for the Parliamentary army.

At the Battle of Marston Moor Lucas (age 31) swept Fairfax's Yorkshire horse before him, but later in the day he was taken prisoner, in a battle won decisively by Parliament.

John Dolben (age 19) fought for the Royalists.

William Eure was killed.

Philip Musgrave 2nd Baronet (age 37) fought for the Royalists.

John Fenwick (age 42) was killed.

On 02 Jul 1647 Daniel Finch 2nd Earl Nottingham 7th Earl Winchilsea was born to Heneage Finch 1st Earl Nottingham (age 25) and Elizabeth Harvey Baroness Finch (age 20).


On 02 Jul 1648 Ferdinand King Bohemia III Holy Roman Emperor (age 39) and Maria Leopoldine Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Bohemia (age 16) were married at Linz. Maria Leopoldine Habsburg Spain Queen Consort Bohemia by marriage Queen Consort Bohemia. The difference in their ages was 23 years. He the son of Ferdinand of Spain II Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Anna Wittelsbach Holy Roman Empress. They were first cousins.

1660 July Creation of Peerages

On 02 Jul 1671 John Lucas 1st Baron Lucas Shenfield (age 64) died. His nephew Charles Lucas 2nd Baron Lucas Shenfield (age 40) succeeded 2nd Baron Lucas of Shenfield although technically illegitimate his parents had married after his birth.

On 02 Jul 1675 William Ker 2nd Earl Roxburghe (age 52) died. 02 Jul 1675 His son Robert Ker 3rd Earl Roxburghe (age 17) succeeded 3rd Earl Roxburghe.

Battle of Schellenberg

On 02 Jul 1704 John Mordaunt (age 23) fought at Donauwörth during the Battle of Schellenberg.

Battle of Lauffeld

On 02 Jul 1747 Edward Dillon was killed at Lauffeld during the Battle of Lauffeld.

On 02 Jul 1748 John Bateman 2nd Viscount Culmore (age 27) and Elizabeth Sambroke Viscountess Bateman were married.

On 02 Jul 1764 Hugh Percy 2nd Duke Northumberland (age 21) and Anne Stuart (age 19) were married. She the daughter of John Stuart 3rd Earl Bute (age 51) and Mary Wortley-Montagu Countess Bute (age 46). He the son of Hugh Percy 1st Duke Northumberland (age 48) and Elizabeth Seymour Duchess Northumberland (age 47).


On 02 Jul 1768 Sarah Otway-Cave 3rd Baroness Braye was born to Thomas Cave 6th Baronet (age 31).

On 02 Jul 1780 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 3rd Marquess Lansdowne was born to William Petty 1st Marquess Lansdowne (age 43) and Louisa Fitzpatrick Marchioness Lansdowne (age 25).

On 02 Jul 1784 George Fitzroy 2nd Baron Southampton (age 22) and Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton (age 19) were married. Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton by marriage Baroness Southampton. She the daughter of Frederick Keppel Bishop of Exeter and Laura Walpole. They were half third cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.


On 02 Jul 1789 Other Archer Windsor 6th Earl Plymouth was born to Other Windsor 5th Earl Plymouth (age 38) and Sarah Archer Countess Plymouth and Amherst (age 27). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.


On 02 Jul 1795 Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter was born to Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter (age 41) and Sarah Hoggins Countess Exeter (age 21).

On 02 Jul 1797 Maria II Queen Portugal was born to Ferenc József Prince Koháry de Csábrág et Szitnya (age 29).

On 02 Jul 1800 James Drummond 11th Earl Perth (age 56) died.

On 02 Jul 1801 Robert Edward Petre 9th Baron Petre (age 59) died. His son Robert Edward Petre 10th Baron Petre (age 37) succeeded 10th Baron Petre.


St Katherine's Church, Rowsley [Map]. Memorial stone in the churchyard to the five men who died during the Haddon Tunnel Collapse.

On 2nd July 1861, a partially built 36-foot length of arch in the northern section collapsed while waiting to be keyed with additional stonework. The arch, supported by eight ribs, each fitted with props at both ends and another in the middle, steadied by three rakers held the arch in place but it collapsed without warning, burying several workers. Rescue efforts commenced immediately and the victims were extracted within two hours. Five workers were killed, four outright and another that died the following day.

On 02 Jul 1888 Henry Richard Glyn 3rd Baron Wolverton (age 26) died unmarried. His brother Frederic Glyn 4th Baron Wolverton (age 23) succeeded 4th Baron Wolverton.

On 02 Jul 1892 Lt Colonel Hugh Annesley 5th Earl Annesley (age 61) and Priscilla Cecilia Moore Countess Annesley were married at St Marylebone Church. She by marriage Countess Annesley of Castlewellan in County Down. He the son of William Richard Annesley 3rd Earl Annesley and Priscilla Cecilia Moore. They were first cousins.

PAINTINGS/LAVERY/Countess_Annesley.jpg PAINTINGS/LASZLO/Priscilla_Moore.jpg

1897 Devonshire House Ball

PAINTINGS/BULLINGHAM/Lady_Alington.jpg02 Jul 1897. Henry Bullingham (age 45). Photograph of Evelyn Henrietta Leigh Baroness Alington at the 1897 Devonshire House Ball as Duchesse de Nevers, Dame de la Cour de S.M. Marguérite de Valois.

Evelyn Henrietta Leigh Baroness Alington: She was born to Henry Blundell Leigh. On 10 Feb 1892 Henry Gerard Sturt 1st Baron Alington (age 66) and she were married. She by marriage Baroness Alington. On 23 Jan 1939 she died.

PAINTINGS/BULLINGHAM/Helene_Gleichen.jpg02 Jul 1897. Henry Bullingham (age 45). Photograph of Helena Gleichen (age 24) at the 1897 Devonshire House Ball as Joan of Arc.

Helena Gleichen: On 01 Feb 1873 she was born to Prince Victor of Hohenlohe Langenburg Count Gleichen (age 39) and Princess Laura Williamina Seymour (age 40). On 28 Jan 1947 Helena Gleichen (age 73) died.

PAINTINGS/BULLINGHAM/Mary_Venetia.jpg02 Jul 1897. Henry Bullingham (age 45). Photograph of Mary Venetia Cavendish-Bentinck (age 36) at the 1897 Devonshire House Ball as Elizabeth Cavendish daughter of Bess of Hardwick.

Mary Venetia Cavendish-Bentinck: On 04 Jun 1861 she was born to George Cavendish-Bentinck (age 39) and Prudence Penelope Cavendish-Bentinck nee Leslie (age 34). In 1885 Arthur James (age 32) and Mary Venetia Cavendish-Bentinck (age 23) were married. On 23 Sep 1900 Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Queen Consort England was christened at All Saints Church Hitchin. Her godmothers included Maud Bowes-Lyon (age 30) and Mary Venetia Cavendish-Bentinck (age 39). On 02 May 1948 Mary Venetia Cavendish-Bentinck (age 86) died.

PAINTINGS/BULLINGHAM/Adele_Beach_Grant.jpg02 Jul 1897. Henry Bullingham (age 45). Photograph of Adele Beach Grant Countess Essex (age 30) at the 1897 Devonshire House Ball as Bernice Queen of Palestine.

PAINTINGS/BULLINGHAM/Rachel_Gurney.jpg02 Jul 1897. Henry Bullingham (age 45). Photograph of Rachel Anne Gurney Countess Dudley (age 29) at the 1897 Devonshire House Ball as Queen Esther.

Rachel Anne Gurney Countess Dudley: On 08 Aug 1867 she was born to Charles Henry Gurney (age 33) and Alice Maria Prinsep (age 23). On 07 May 1885 William Ward 1st Earl of Dudley (age 68) died at Dudley House Park Lane. His son William Humble Ward 2nd Earl of Dudley (age 17) succeeded 2nd Earl of Dudley of Dudley Castle in Staffordshire 2C 1860, 12th Baron Ward of Birmingham. Rachel Anne Gurney Countess Dudley (age 17) by marriage Countess of Dudley of Dudley Castle in Staffordshire. In 1891 William Humble Ward 2nd Earl of Dudley (age 23) and Rachel Anne Gurney Countess Dudley (age 23) were married. He the son of William Ward 1st Earl of Dudley and Georgina Moncrieffe Countess Dudley (age 44). On 26 Jun 1920 Rachel Anne Gurney Countess Dudley (age 52) drowned at Screebe House, Connemara. She had left the house alone to swim in the lake from which her body was later recovered.

On 02 Jul 1903 Olav Glücksburg V King Norway was born to Haakon VII King Norway (age 30) and Maud Windsor Queen Consort Norway (age 33). He a grandson of King Edward VII of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.91%.

On 02 Jul 1915 Arthur Valerian Wellesley 8th Duke Wellington was born to Gerald Wellesley 7th Duke Wellington (age 29) and Dorothy Violet Ashton Duchess Wellington (age 25).