On this Day in History ... 3rd June

03 Jun is in June.

1162 Thomas Becket appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

1405 Northern Rising

1420 Marriage of Henry V and Catherine of Valois

1603 Arrival of Anne of Denmark

1610 Prince Henry invested as Prince of Wales and Earl Chester

1665 Battle of Lowestoft

1666 Four Days' Battle

Events on the 3rd June

On 03 Jun 1162 Archbishop Thomas Becket (age 42) was consecrated Archibishop Canterbury by Bishop Henry of Blois (age 64).

On 03 Jun 1405 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 28) arrived at York [Map]. The King denied the accused trial by their peers. Thomas Fitzalan 10th Earl Surrey 12th Earl Arundel (age 23) and Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 28) sat in judgement of Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19). William Gascoigne (age 55) refused to pronounce sentence on Archbishop Richard Scrope (age 55) and Thomas Mowbray 4th Earl Norfolk 2nd Earl Nottingham (age 19) asserting their right to be tried by their peers.

Chronicle of Gregory 1420-1426. 03 Jun 1420. And thenne was the kyng (age 33) and Dame Katerynne (age 18) swryde to-gedyr. And on the morne aftyr was Trenyte Sonday, that was the iij day of June, the yere of oure Lorde M CCCC xx, in the chyrche of Troys [Map], the kyng spowsyd Dame Kateryne (age 18), Kyng Charlys doughter of Fraunce (age 51); and thenne he was made Regent of Fraunce, and the convencyons of the whiche acordyd folowynge here aftyr, that ys for to saye:

Harry (age 33), by the grace of God, Kyng of Inglond, hey re and Regent of Fraunce, and Lorde of Yrlonde, to perpetualle mynde to alle Crystyn pepylle, ande to alle that ben undyr owre obeysaunce, we notefy and declare that thoughe a here before dyvers tretes have ben be twyne the moste excellente Prynce Charlis (age 51), owre fadyr of Fraunce, and hys progenytours, for the pes to ben hadde be twyne ij realmys of Fraunce and of Inglonde, the whiche here by forne have borne no1 frwte, we, consyderynge the grette harmys that have ben, not oonly by twyne ij realmys for the grette devysyon J>at hathe ben be-twyne hem, but to alle hooly Chyrche, we have take a trete whythe oure sayde fadyr and us, that for as moche as be the bonde of matrymonye, i-made for the goode of the pes be-twyne us and oure moste dyre modyr Isabelle (age 50) hys wyffe, the same Charlis and Isabelle ben made fadyr and modyr, and there fore take hem as for owre fadyr and modyr, we shalle have and worschippe as hyt syttythe and semythe so worthy a prynce and a pryncesse too ben i-worschippyde, pryncypally before alle othyr temporalle personys of the worlde.

Alle so we shalle nought dystroble, nor dyssesyn, nor lette oure sayde fadyr, but that he holde and procede2 as longe as he levythe, and holdythe, ande he possedythe at thys tyme, the crowne and dygnyte of the ryalte of Fraunce, and rentys and profytys of the same, to the sustenaunce of hys estate and chargys of the realme of Fraunce, and owr modir al so holdyng as long as she levy the the estate and dygnyte of the quene, aftyr the maner of the same realme, whythe convenable and convenyante parte of the sayde rentys and profytys.

Alle so that the fore sayde Kateryne shalle take and have dwer in oure realme of Inglond, as [quenes of England]3 here a-forne were wonte to have and take, that ys for to saye, to the summa of xl M [40000] scwtys yerely, of the whyche4 ij [2] shalle be worthe a nobylle Englysche. Alle so the maners, weyis, and menys that we may, whythe owte transgressyon or ofFensys ofte5 i-made by us for to kepe the lawys, customys, usagys, and ryghtys of owre said realme6 of Inglonde, [we]7 shalle done owre labur and pursewe that the sayde Katerynne, alsone as hyt may be done and be made sure, for to take and for to have in owre sayde realme of Inglonde fro tyme of oure dethe, the sayde xl M [40000] scutys yerly, of the whyche twyne shalle alle way be worthe8 a nobylle of Englysche mony.

Note 1. borne no. These words are taken from J., and are a true rendering of the text of the original treaty (see Kymer, ix. 895). Our MS. reads, "have ben frwte/' following perhaps some other translation in which the word "without" has been omitted. Vit. reads, still more absurdly, "have ben frendes."

Note 2. procede. A transcriber's error for "possede," i.e. possess,,

Note 3. Omitted in MS.; supplied from J.

Note 4. of the whiche repeated, MS.

Note 5. ofte. We should certainly read, "of the oath;" but the words do not occur even in J.

Note 6. of owre sayde realme repeated in MS.

Note 7. Omitted in MS.

Note 8. worthe. with, MS.; corrected from J.

Hall's Chronicle 1522. 03 Jun 1522. The Wednesday, the more to do the Emperor pleasure, was prepared a Jousts Royal. On the one part was the King, the Earl of Devonshire (age 26) and ten more companions, all mounted on horseback, their apparel and bards, were of rich Cloth of gold, embroidered with silver letters, very rich, with great plumes on their heads. This company took the field, and rode about the tilt: then entered the Duke of Suffolk (age 38), and the Marquess of Dorset (age 44), and ten with them barded, and their apparel was russet velvet, embroidered with sundry knots, and culpins [?] of gold. The Emperor and the Queen (age 36), with all the nobles stood in the gallery, to behold the doing. The King (age 30) ran at the Duke of Suffolk (age 38) eight courses, and at every course brake his spere. Then every man ran his courses and that done, all ran together violent, as fast as they could discharge, and when the spears appointed were broken, then they disarmed and went to supper. After supper, the Emperor beheld the ladies dances, and suddenly came to the chamber, six noble men, apparelled in crimson velvet and cloth of gold, and a mantel of taffeta, rolled about their bodies, and hoods and bonnets of cloth of gold, on their heads, and velvet buskins on their legs. These maskers entered and danced a great while with the ladies, and suddenly entered six other maskers with drumslades [drums], apparelled in long gowns, and hoods of cloth of gold, of which number was the King, the Duke of Suffolk (age 38), the Prince of Orange, the Count of Nassau, the Count of Naveray, and Monsieur Egmont. When these maskers were entered, the other avoided, and then they took ladies and danced, so that the strangers much praised them and when the time came, every person departed to their lodging.

Letters 1536. [3 Jun 1536]. R. O. 1047. Sir John Russell to Lord Lisle (age 72).

I presented the King with the cherries in my lady's name, and he thanks both you and her. I also delivered your letter to the King, who commanded Mr. Secretary to read it. Mr. Secretary said he would do anything for your Lordship that he could, and I think you are much bound to him. I cannot tell what will be the effect of your letter. I told the King the news of what was between the French and the Flemings, and how the captain of Gralyng took two Gascon merchants. Word came by Rokewood to Robert Semer that war was proclaimed between Flanders and France, but I informed the King that it was not true, as I was sure you would write me that with other news. On Friday last the Queen (age 27) sat abroad as Queen, and was served by her own servants, who were sworn that same day. The King came in his great boat to Greenwich that day with his privy chamber, and the Queen (age 27) and the ladies in the great barge. I assure you she is as gentle a lady as ever I knew, and as fair a Queen as any in Christendom. "The King hath come out of hell into heaven for the gentleness in this and the cursedness and the unhappiness in the other." You would do well to write to the King again that you rejoice he is so well matched with so gracious a woman as is reported. This will please the King. I thank you for your present. Greenwich, Whitsun even. Signed.

Pp. 2. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.

On 03 Jun 1537 John Manuel Aviz Prince Portugal was born to John III King Portugal (age 34) and Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal (age 30). Coefficient of inbreeding 11.30%.

On 03 Jun 1602 Elizabeth Seymour (age 50) died. Monument in All Saints Church, Norton [Map]. Painted alabaster. Monument with recumbent praying effigy in coffered arch flanked by black marble Corinthian Columns and outer obelisks and topped by armorial panels. The monument also to Dudley Knightley (deceased). Elizabethan Period.

Elizabeth Seymour: In 1552 she was born to Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset in the year in which her father was executed. Around 1578 Richard Knightley and she were married. They had seven sons and seven daughters. She the daughter of Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Dudley Knightley: Around 1583 he was born to Richard Knightley and Elizabeth Seymour. In Jun 1602 Dudley Knightley died in Norton, Northamptonshire. He had been shot in the neck whilst in the defense of Ostend. Having returned home he "fell down wherwith a fever took him whereof he died".

On 03 Jun 1610 Oliver St John 1st Earl Bolingbroke (age 30) was created Knight of the Bath.

Pepy's Diary. 03 Jun 1665. At home to dinner, and all the afternoon at the office, where late at night, and much business done, then home to supper and to bed. All this day by all people upon the River, and almost every where else hereabout were heard the guns, our two fleets for certain being engaged; which was confirmed by letters from Harwich [Map], but nothing particular: and all our hearts full of concernment for the Duke (age 31), and I particularly for my Lord Sandwich (age 39) and Mr. Coventry (age 37) after his Royall Highnesse.

On 03 Jun 1665 at the Battle of Lowestoft an English fleet commanded by King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31), Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland (age 45) and Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich (age 39) defeated a Dutch Fleet.

Richard Boyle was killed.

Charles Maccarthy Viscount Muskerry was killed.

Charles Berkeley 1st Earl Falmouth (age 35) was killed by a cannonball aboard the Royal Charles. Earl Falmouth extinct, Baron Botetourt Langport in Somerset extinct. His father Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge (age 65) succeeded 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry. Penelope Godolphin Viscountess Fitzhardinge by marriage Viscountess Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry. Possibly the only occasion when a father has succeeded his son.

Charles Weston 3rd Earl of Portland (age 26) was killed by a cannon shot. On 13 Jun 1665 His uncle Thomas Weston 4th Earl of Portland (age 55) succeeded 4th Earl of Portland.

Thomas Allin 1st Baronet (age 53) was present.

Admiral Jeremy Smith commanded the Mary.

Captain George Batts fought. He was assigned to Sir George Ayscue's (age 49) division in the Blue Squadron.

James Ley 3rd Earl Marlborough (age 47) was killed at the Battle of Lowestoft commanding Old James attempting to recover a captured ship. His half brother William Ley 4th Earl Marlborough (age 53) succeeded 4th Earl Marlborough.

Pepy's Diary. 03 Jun 1666. Lord's-day; Whit-sunday. Up, and by water to White Hall, and there met with Mr. Coventry (age 38), who tells me the only news from the fleete is brought by Captain Elliott, of The Portland, which, by being run on board by The Guernsey, was disabled from staying abroad; so is come in to Aldbrough [Map]. That he saw one of the Dutch great ships blown up, and three on fire. That they begun to fight on Friday; and at his coming into port, he could make another ship of the King's coming in, which he judged to be the Rupert: that he knows of no other hurt to our ships. With this good newes I home by water again, and to church in the sermon-time, and with great joy told it my fellows in the pew.

Evelyn's Diary. 03 Jun 1666. Whitsunday. After sermon came news that the Duke of Albemarle (age 57) was still in fight, and had been all Saturday, and that Captain Harman's (age 41) ship (the Henry) was like to be burnt. Then a letter from Mr. Bertie that Prince Rupert (age 46) was come up with his squadron (according to my former advice of his being loose and in the way), and put new courage into our fleet, now in a manner yielding ground; so that now we were chasing the chasers; that the Duke of Albemarle (age 57) was slightly wounded, and the rest still in great danger. So, having been much wearied with my journey, I slipped home, the guns still roaring very fiercely.

Pepy's Diary. 03 Jun 1667. Thence down by water to Deptford, Kent [Map], it being Trinity Monday, when the Master is chosen, and there, finding them all at church, and thinking they dined, as usual, at Stepny [Map], I turned back, having a good book in my hand, the Life of Cardinal Wolsey, wrote by his own servant, and to Ratcliffe; and so walked to Stepny [Map], and spent, my time in the churchyard, looking over the gravestones, expecting when the company would come by. Finding no company stirring, I sent to the house to see; and, it seems, they dine not there, but at Deptford, Kent [Map]: so I back again to Deptford, Kent [Map], and there find them just sat down. And so I down with them; and we had a good dinner of plain meat, and good company at our table: among others, my good Mr. Evelyn (age 46), with whom, after dinner, I stepped aside, and talked upon the present posture of our affairs; which is, that the Dutch are known to be abroad with eighty sail of ships of war, and twenty fire-ships; and the French come into the Channell with twenty sail of men-of-war, and five fireships, while we have not a ship at sea to do them any hurt with; but are calling in all we can, while our Embassadors are treating at Bredah; and the Dutch look upon them as come to beg peace, and use them accordingly; and all this through the negligence of our Prince, who hath power, if he would, to master all these with the money and men that he hath had the command of, and may now have, if he would mind his business. But, for aught we see, the Kingdom is likely to be lost, as well as the reputation of it is, for ever; notwithstanding so much reputation got and preserved by a rebel that went before him.

On 03 Jun 1732 Henry Vansittart Governor of Bengal was born to Arthur van Sittart (age 40) and Martha Stonhouse (age 34).

On 03 Jun 1733 Eleanor Coade was born.

On 03 Jun 1743 William Elector of Hesse was born to Frederick Hesse-Kassel (age 22) and Mary Hanover (age 20). He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 03 Jun 1786 William Hilton was born to William Hilton (age 34) at Vicar's Court, Lincoln Cathedral Close. He was baptised at St Mary le Wigford Church, Lincoln.

On 03 Jun 1822 Thomas Warren-Bulkeley 7th Viscount Bulkeley (age 69) died without issue. Monument in St Marys and St Nicholas Church Beaumaris [Map] sculpted by Richard Westmacott (age 46).

On 03 Jun 1843 Frederick VIII King Denmark was born to King Christian IX of Denmark (age 25) and Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark (age 25). He a great x 3 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.84%.

On 03 Jun 1853 Flinders Petrie was born.

Ten Years' Digging 1853 Hob Hurst's House. On the 3rd of June, we went to a conspicuous mound on the heathery uninclosed, and most elevated part of Baslow Moor, called Hob Hurst's House [Map], and found it to be a circular tumulus, composed of sand and gritstones, about eleven yards diameter, and four feet high; though, from its being surrounded by an embankment, inside of which the earth had been cut in the form of a ditch, the height appeared fully six feet, and it was only by digging down to the natural surface, that we were able to ascertain the actual elevation. The diameter at the outside of the embankment waa 22 yards, it was formed, like the mound, of stones and sand, and was fourteen feet thick at the base and about four feet high. A trench cut from the south side of the central mound, disclosed some large upright slabs of gritstone, set on the natural level, which we at once perceived to be part of a cist or sepulchral chamber, which was soon cleared out and sketched.

It was rectangular, measuring from north to south ten feet three inches, and nine feet from east to west, and was chiefly constructed of slabs of stone each nearly a yard broad. There were traces of fire throughout the whole enclosure; the undisturbed sand having been burnt to a dirty white, or cream colour, and covered with a layer of charcoal, which was thickest towards the east side, where in the comer formed by the junction of the south boundary of the chamber, we discovered the original deposit, consisting of calcined human bones, lying in the very spot where they had been drawn together while the embers of the funeral pyre were glowing. They were in a small heap along with some thick pieces of charcoal and two lumps of burnt lead ore; and were separated or marked oiF from the floor of the chamber by a semicircular row of small sandstone boulders, all of which exhibited marks of fire. A few more burnt bones were found embedded in the sand near the north end of the cist, but no instrument or pottery of any kind was seen, although one of the pieces of charred wood exhibits a cleanly cut oblique surface, which must have been effected by a sharp instrument. The popular name given to the barrow, we have an indirect testimony to its great antiquity, as Hobhurst's House signifies the abode of an unearthly or supernatural being, accustomed to haunt woods and other solitary places, respecting whom many traditions yet linger in remote-villages. Such an idea could only arise in a superstitious age long ago, yet sufficiently modem to have effaced all traditionary recollection of the original intention of the mound; it likewise affords a curious instance of the inherent tendency of the mind to assign a reason for everything uncommon or unaccountable, which no extent of ignorance or apathy seems able totally to eradicate.

Many of the remaining pre-historic monuments of our land are similarly connected with names well know in popular mythology, now so rapidly vanishing, that it is probable the legends will be forgotten, while the names alone will be perpetuated as long as the structures with which they are identified exist. We may here observe, that the practice of separating the deposits within the cist by pebbles, as in this barrow, is most unusual in the Midland Counties, but is described as prevalent in the Channel Islands, by Mr. Lukis, in the Journal of the British Archaeological Institute, Vol I., page 142.

On 03 Jun 1862 Albert Toft was born.

On 03 Jun 1895 John Hayter (age 94) died.

On 03 Jun 1927 Catherine Emily Brown (age 76) died.

On 03 Jun 1937 King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (age 42) and Wallis Warfield aka Simpson Duchess of Windsor (age 40) were married at the Château de Candé. No member of his family attended. He the son of George V King United Kingdom and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 70).

Births on the 3rd June

On 03 Jun 1454 Bogislaw X Duke of Pomerania was born to Eric II Duke of Pomerania (age 36).

Around 03 Jun 1526 Edmund Trafford was born to Edmund Trafford (age 18) and Anne Radclyffe (age 16).

On 03 Jun 1537 John Manuel Aviz Prince Portugal was born to John III King Portugal (age 34) and Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal (age 30). Coefficient of inbreeding 11.30%.

On 03 Jun 1593 Richard Knightley was born to Edward Knightley (age 31) and Mary Coles de Preston (age 15).

On 03 Jun 1594 César Bourbon Vendôme 1st Duke Vendôme was born illegitimately to Henry IV King France (age 40) and Gabrielle d'Estrées (age 21).

On 03 Jun 1601 John Mundy was born to Francis Mundy (age 22).

On 03 Jun 1615 Giles Strangeways was born to John Melbury Sampford Strangeways (age 29) and Grace Trenchard.

On or before 03 Jun 1662 Charles Knollys 4th Earl Banbury was born to Nicholas Knollys 3rd Earl Banbury (age 31) and Anne or Abigail Sherard (age 29). He was baptised on 03 Jun 1662 at the Church of St John the Baptist, Boughton.

On 03 Jun 1678 Walter Chetwynd 1st Viscount Chetwynd was born to John Chetwynd of Boughton (age 35) and Lucy Roane.

On or before 03 Jun 1686 Diana Delaval was born to Ralph Delaval 2nd Baronet (age 36) and Diana Booth Lady Delaval and Blackett.

On 03 Jun 1696 Percy Seymour was born to Charles Seymour 6th Duke Somerset (age 33) and Elizabeth Percy Duchess Somerset (age 29).

On 03 Jun 1697 William Wyndham was born to William Wyndham (age 38).

On 03 Jun 1706 Henry Streatfield was born to Henry Streatfield (age 27) and Elizabeth Beard at Chiddingstone, Kent [Map].

On 03 Jun 1708 Humphrey Hervey was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 42) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 31).

On 03 Jun 1713 Robert Petre 8th Baron Petre was born to Robert Petre 7th Baron Petre three months after his father's death.

On 03 Jun 1720 Borlace Wallop was born to John Wallop 1st Earl Portsmouth (age 30) and Bridget Bennet Viscountess Lymington (age 23).

On 03 Jun 1732 Henry Vansittart Governor of Bengal was born to Arthur van Sittart (age 40) and Martha Stonhouse (age 34).

On 03 Jun 1733 Eleanor Coade was born.

On 03 Jun 1736 John Acton 6th Baronet was born to Edward Acton (age 26).

On 03 Jun 1740 Aubrey Beauclerk 5th Duke St Albans was born to Vere Beauclerk 1st Baron de Vere (age 40) and Mary Chambers Baroness Spencer (age 26). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Jun 1743 William Elector of Hesse was born to Frederick Hesse-Kassel (age 22) and Mary Hanover (age 20). He a grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 03 Jun 1744 Brooke Boothby 6th Baronet was born to Brooke Boothby 5th Baronet (age 33) and Phoebe Hollins Lady Boothby (age 27). He was baptised at St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map].

On 03 Jun 1768 Jacquetta Baring Lady Northcote was born to Charles Baring (age 25) and Margaret Gould (age 25).

On 03 Jun 1770 Andrew Savage aka Nugent was born.

On 03 Jun 1773 Gervase Alexander was born to Robert Alexander and Harriot Disney (age 28).

On 03 Jun 1786 William Hilton was born to William Hilton (age 34) at Vicar's Court, Lincoln Cathedral Close. He was baptised at St Mary le Wigford Church, Lincoln.

On 03 Jun 1789 John Ashburnham was born to George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburnham (age 28) and Sophia Thynne (age 25).

On 03 Jun 1796 Mary Legge was born to George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth (age 40) and Frances Finch Countess Dartmouth (age 35).

On 03 Jun 1801 John Paulet 14th Marquess Winchester was born to Charles Burroughs-Paulet 13th Marquess Winchester (age 37) and Anne Andrews Marchioness of Winchester (age 28) at Amport House.

On 03 Jun 1802 Charles James Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie was born to James Archibald Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie 1st Baron Wharncliffe (age 25) and Elizabeth Caroline Mary Crichton Baroness Wharncliffe.

On 03 Jun 1816 John Ormsby-Gore 1st Baron Harlech was born to William Ormsby-Gore (age 37).

On 03 Jun 1816 Walter Charles James 1st Baron Northbourne was born to John James and Emily Jane Stewart Viscountess Hardinge (age 27). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

On 03 Jun 1821 Jacopo Fitz James Stuart 15th Duke Alba 13th Duke Veragua 8th Duke Berwick was born to Carlos Miguel Fitz James Stuart 12th Duke Veragua 7th Duke Berwick 14th Duke Alba (age 27) and Rosalía Ventimiglia Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick Duchess Alba (age 23) at Palermo.

On 03 Jun 1825 Juliana Whitbread Countess Leicester was born to Samuel Charles Whitbread (age 29) and Julia Brand.

On 03 Jun 1830 Edward Joseph Bellew 2nd Baron Bellew was born to Patrick Bellew 1st Baron Bellew (age 32) and Anna Fermina de Mendoza Baroness bellew. He was baptised on 07 Jun 1830 at the Roman Catholic Cathedral, Dublin.

On 03 Jun 1843 Frederick VIII King Denmark was born to King Christian IX of Denmark (age 25) and Queen Louise Hesse-Kassel of Denmark (age 25). He a great x 3 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.84%.

On 03 Jun 1853 Flinders Petrie was born.

On 03 Jun 1859 Robert John Dashwood 9th Baronet was born to Edwin Hare Dashwood 7th Baronet (age 33) and Roberta Henrietta Abercromby.

On 03 Jun 1862 Watkin Williams-Wynn 9th Baronet was born to Colonel Herbert Watkin Williams-Wynn (age 40) and Anna Lloyd (age 28).

On 03 Jun 1862 Albert Toft was born.

On 03 Jun 1866 Henry St George Foley was born to St George Gerald Foley (age 51) and Augusta Selina Sturt.

On 03 Jun 1893 Constance Marie Katherine Williams-Drummond was born to Francis Williams-Drummond (age 29) and Marguerite Violet Maude Agnew (age 27).

On 03 Jun 1979 Nicholas Ashley-Cooper 12th Earl of Shaftesbury was born to Anthony Ashley-Cooper 10th Earl of Shaftesbury (age 41) and Christina Eva Montan Countess of Shaftesbury (age 39).

Marriages on the 3rd June

On 03 Jun 1431 Frederick II Duke Saxony (age 18) and Margaret of Austria (age 15) were married. She the daughter of Ernest "The Iron" Habsburg I Duke Austria and Cymburgis Masovia Duchess Austria.

On 03 Jun 1444 Piero di Cosimo de Medici (age 28) and Lucrezia Tornabuoni (age 16) were married.

Before 03 Jun 1457 James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde (age 36) and Avice Stafford Countess Ormonde (age 33) were married. She by marriage Countess Ormonde. He the son of James "White Earl" Butler 4th Earl Ormonde and Joan Beauchamp Countess Ormonde. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 03 Jun 1550 John Dudley 2nd Earl Warwick (age 23) and Anne Seymour (age 12) were married. She the daughter of Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset (age 50) and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset (age 53). He the son of John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 46) and Jane Guildford Duchess Northumberland (age 41). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 03 Jun 1585 Edmund D'Oyly (age 25) and Catherine Neville (age 15) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 03 Jun 1595 John Leigh (age 26) and Mary Smyth were married.

On 03 Jun 1640 Thomas Pelham 2nd Baronet (age 42) and Margaret Vane Lady Pelham (age 17) were married. She by marriage Lady Pelham of Laughton. The difference in their ages was 25 years.

On 03 Jun 1643 James Murray 2nd Earl Tullibardine (age 25) and Lilias Drummond Countess Tullibardine (age 22) were married. She the daughter of John Drummond 2nd Earl Perth (age 55) and Jean Ker Countess Perth. He the son of Patrick Murray 1st Earl Tullibardine (age 64). They were second cousins.

On 03 Jun 1665 Sigismund Francis Habsburg Spain and Hedwig Palatinate Sulzbach were married.

On 03 Jun 1705 or 18 Sep 1721 Charles Butler 3rd Duke Ormond (age 50) and Elizabeth Crew Countess Arran (age 26) were married. She by marriage Countess Arran. He the son of Thomas Butler 6th Earl Ossory and Emilia Nassau Beverweert Countess Ossory.

On 03 Jun 1728 Theophilus Hastings 9th Earl Huntingdon (age 31) and Selina Shirley Countess Huntingdon (age 21) were married. She by marriage Countess Huntingdon. The marriage was arranged by his half-sister Elizabeth "Lady Betty" Hastings (age 46). She the daughter of Washington Shirley 2nd Earl Ferrers (age 50) and Mary Levinge Countess Ferrers. He the son of Theophilus Hastings 7th Earl Huntingdon and Mary Frances Fowler Countess Huntingdon.

Before 03 Jun 1773 Robert Alexander and Harriot Disney (age 28) were married.

On 03 Jun 1777 Cornwallis Maude 1st Viscount Hawarden (age 47) and Anne Isabella Monck Viscountess Hawarden (age 18) were married. The difference in their ages was 29 years.

On 03 Jun 1791 Thomas Cave 7th Baronet (age 24) and Lucy Sherard Lady Cave (age 21) were married. She by marriage Lady Cave of Stanford in Northamptonshire. She the daughter of Robert Sherard 4th Earl Harborough (age 78).

On 03 Jun 1794 James Nicholas Duntze (age 59) and Jane Harriet Cockburn (age 19) were married. The difference in their ages was 39 years.

On 03 Jun 1808 Colonel Charles Allix (age 25) and Mary Elizabeth Hammond were married.

On 03 Jun 1842 Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha II Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 23) and Princess Alexandrine of Baden (age 21) were married. He the son of Ernest Saxe Coburg Gotha I Duke Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 58) and Duchess Louise Dorothea of Saxe Coburg Altenburg. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 03 Jun 1846 George Gough 2nd Viscount Gough (age 31) and Jane Arbuthnot Viscountess Gough (age 29) were married.

On 03 Jun 1863 Arthur Algernon Capell 6th Earl Essex (age 60) and Louisa Elizabeth Heneage Countess Essex were married. She by marriage Countess Essex. They were first cousin once removed. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 03 Jun 1871 Frederick Charles Howard (age 30) and Constance Eleanora Caroline Finch-Hatton (age 20) were married. She the daughter of George Finch-Hatton 6th Earl Nottingham 11th Earl Winchilsea (age 56) and Constance Henrietta Paget Countess Nottingham Winchilsea (age 48). He the son of Henry Howard 2nd Earl of Effingham (age 64) and Eliza Drummond Baroness Howard (age 60).

On 03 Jun 1886 Francis John "Frank" Tennant (age 24) and Annie Geraldine Redmayne (age 22) were married.

On 03 Jun 1897 William Bourchier Sherard Wrey (age 32) and Flora Bathurst Grieve (age 27) were married. There was no issue from the marriage.

On 03 Jun 1920 John Loder 2nd Baron Wakehurst (age 25) and Margaret Tennant (age 21) were married.

On 03 Jun 1937 King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (age 42) and Wallis Warfield aka Simpson Duchess of Windsor (age 40) were married at the Château de Candé. No member of his family attended. He the son of George V King United Kingdom and Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 70).

On 03 Jun 1947 King Carol II Hohenzollern Sigmaringen (age 53) and Magda Lupescu were married at Rio de Janeiro. He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 03 Jun 1953 Matthew White Ridley 4th Viscount Ridley (age 27) and Anne Katharine Gabrielle Lumley Viscountess Ridley (age 24) were married. She the daughter of Roger Lumley 11th Earl of Scarbrough (age 56) and Katherine Isobel McEwen Countess Scarborough (age 53).

Deaths on the 3rd June

On 03 Jun 928 Louis "Blind" Bivinids (age 44) died.

On 03 Jun 1253 Margaret Beaumont 7th Countess Warwick died. Her half first cousin William Maudit 8th Earl Warwick (age 33) succeeded 8th Earl Warwick. Alice Segrave Countess Warwick (age 21) by marriage Countess Warwick.

On 03 Jun 1348 Maria Barcelona (age 3) died.

On 03 Jun 1351 Mastino II della Scala (age 43) died.

On 03 Jun 1361 Anna Wittelsbach (age 35) died.

On 03 Jun 1368 Maurice Berkeley (age 19) died.

On 03 Jun 1411 Leopold "The Fat" Habsburg IV Duke Austria (age 40) died. His brother Ernest "The Iron" Habsburg I Duke Austria (age 34) succeeded I Duke Austria.

On 03 Jun 1419 Richard Fitzalan (age 53) died.

On 03 Jun 1457 Avice Stafford Countess Ormonde (age 33) died.

On 03 Jun 1514 William Browne (age 46) died. He was buried at Church of St Mary Magdalen Milk Street.

On 03 Jun 1526 Humphrey Cheney (age 69) died at Higham Milstead, Kent.

Before 03 Jun 1556 Patrick Plunkett 5th Baron Killeen (age 34) died. His brother Christopher Plunkett 6th Baron Killeen (age 33) succeeded 6th Baron Killeen.

On or before 03 Jun 1594 Christopher Arnefelde of Broadhurst died.

On 03 Jun 1602 Elizabeth Seymour (age 50) died. Monument in All Saints Church, Norton [Map]. Painted alabaster. Monument with recumbent praying effigy in coffered arch flanked by black marble Corinthian Columns and outer obelisks and topped by armorial panels. The monument also to Dudley Knightley (deceased). Elizabethan Period.

Elizabeth Seymour: In 1552 she was born to Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset in the year in which her father was executed. Around 1578 Richard Knightley and she were married. They had seven sons and seven daughters. She the daughter of Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset and Anne Stanhope Duchess Somerset. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Dudley Knightley: Around 1583 he was born to Richard Knightley and Elizabeth Seymour. In Jun 1602 Dudley Knightley died in Norton, Northamptonshire. He had been shot in the neck whilst in the defense of Ostend. Having returned home he "fell down wherwith a fever took him whereof he died".

On 03 Jun 1624 Thomas Bamburgh 2nd Baronet (age 17) died. His brother John Bamburgh 3rd Baronet (age 11) succeeded 3rd Baronet Bamburgh of Howsham in Yorkshire.

On 03 Jun 1638 Francis Courtenay 4th Earl Devon (age 62) died at Berry Pomeroy, Devon. On 03 Jun 1638 His son William Courtenay 5th Earl Devon (age 9) de jure 5th Earl Devon. Margaret Waller Countess Devon by marriage Countess Devon.

On 03 Jun 1640 Theophilus Howard 2nd Earl Suffolk (age 57) died at Suffolk House, Suffolk Street. He was buried at Waldon Priory and Abbey [Map]. On 03 Jun 1640 His son James Howard 3rd Earl Suffolk (age 21) succeeded 3rd Earl Suffolk, 3rd Baron Howard de Walden.

On 03 Jun 1654 Mary Colley Viscountess Moore and Wilmot died.

On 03 Jun 1657 William Harvey (age 79) died.

On 03 Jun 1658 Sophia Oldenburg (age 79) died.

On 03 Jun 1665 at the Battle of Lowestoft an English fleet commanded by King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31), Prince Rupert Palatinate Simmern 1st Duke Cumberland (age 45) and Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich (age 39) defeated a Dutch Fleet.

Richard Boyle was killed.

Charles Maccarthy Viscount Muskerry was killed.

Charles Berkeley 1st Earl Falmouth (age 35) was killed by a cannonball aboard the Royal Charles. Earl Falmouth extinct, Baron Botetourt Langport in Somerset extinct. His father Charles Berkeley 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge (age 65) succeeded 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry. Penelope Godolphin Viscountess Fitzhardinge by marriage Viscountess Fitzhardinge of Berehaven in Kerry. Possibly the only occasion when a father has succeeded his son.

Charles Weston 3rd Earl of Portland (age 26) was killed by a cannon shot. On 13 Jun 1665 His uncle Thomas Weston 4th Earl of Portland (age 55) succeeded 4th Earl of Portland.

Thomas Allin 1st Baronet (age 53) was present.

Admiral Jeremy Smith commanded the Mary.

Captain George Batts fought. He was assigned to Sir George Ayscue's (age 49) division in the Blue Squadron.

James Ley 3rd Earl Marlborough (age 47) was killed at the Battle of Lowestoft commanding Old James attempting to recover a captured ship. His half brother William Ley 4th Earl Marlborough (age 53) succeeded 4th Earl Marlborough.

On 03 Jun 1668 Elizabeth Yelverton (age 50) died.

On 03 Jun 1679 William Fane (age 40) died.

On or before 03 Jun 1685 Thomas Bond 1st Baronet (age 65) died. He was buried 03 Jun 1685 at Saint Giles Church. His son Henry Bond 2nd Baronet succeeded 2nd Baronet Bond of Peckham.

On 03 Jun 1692 Marie Bourbon Condé Countess Soissons (age 86) died.

On 03 Jun 1697 Christiane Sophie Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 15) died at Saalfield.

On 03 Jun 1708 Elizabeth "La Belle Hamilton" Hamilton (age 67) died.

On 03 Jun 1714 Frederick William Oldenburg (age 45) died.

On 03 Jun 1715 Thomas Liddell (age 34) died.

On 03 Jun 1717 Bishop Thomas Watson (age 80) died.

On 03 Jun 1731 Violante Beatrix Wittelsbach died.

On 03 Jun 1741 Mary Berkeley Viscountess Chetwynd (age 70) died.

On 03 Jun 1747 Christian Oldenburg (age 1) died.

On 03 Jun 1770 Charlotte Werden (age 68) died.

On 03 Jun 1783 William Clayton (age 65) died.

On 03 Jun 1792 Edward Pakenham 2nd Baron Longford (age 49) died. His son Thomas Pakenham 2nd Earl Longford (age 18) succeeded 3rd Baron Longford.

On 03 Jun 1794 Dorothy Cavendish 3rd Duchess Portland (age 43) died.

On 03 Jun 1794 Mary Leeson Countess Mayo (age 59) died.

On 03 Jun 1803 Bishop George Murray (age 42) died in Cavendish Square Marylebone after having caught a chill leaving the House of Lords.

On 03 Jun 1806 Reverend Anthony Trollope (age 69) died.

On 03 Jun 1814 Edward Lascelles (age 50) died.

On 03 Jun 1817 Reverend Samuel Lovick Cooper (age 54) died.

On 03 Jun 1822 Thomas Warren-Bulkeley 7th Viscount Bulkeley (age 69) died without issue. Monument in St Marys and St Nicholas Church Beaumaris [Map] sculpted by Richard Westmacott (age 46).

On 03 Jun 1830 Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis (age 71) died.

On 03 Jun 1861 Arthington Cayley Worsley (age 30) died.

On 03 Jun 1876 Captain Thomas William Goff (age 46) died.

On 03 Jun 1879 Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (age 70) died.

On 03 Jun 1880 Maria Alexandrovna Hesse Darmstadt (age 55) died.

On 03 Jun 1884 Claud Hamilton (age 70) died.

On 03 Jun 1895 John Hayter (age 94) died.

On 03 Jun 1897 Pauline Trevelyan died.

On 03 Jun 1898 Caroline Augusta Pelham-Clinton (age 88) died.

On 03 Jun 1901 Mary Berkeley Countess Denbigh died.

On 03 Jun 1910 Henry Robert Temple Blackwood (age 47) died.

On 03 Jun 1919 Annie Paxton (age 77) died.

On 03 Jun 1926 Ernest Martyn Williams (age 54) died.

On 03 Jun 1927 Catherine Emily Brown (age 76) died.

On 03 Jun 1934 Alice Louisa Wood died.

On 03 Jun 1939 Philip Albert Gustave David Sassoon 3rd Baronet (age 50) died.

On 03 Jun 1940 Denzil Cope 14th Baronet (age 66) died. His son Anthony Mohun Leckonby Cope 15th Baronet (age 12) succeeded 15th Baronet Cope of Hanwell in Oxfordshire.

On 03 Jun 1947 Charlotte Louisa Emily Cadogan died.

On 03 Jun 1955 Walter Erskine 12th Earl of Mar and 14th Earl of Kellie (age 89) died.

On 03 Jun 2004 Frances Ruth Roche Countess Spencer (age 68) died.