On this Day in History ... 5th April

05 Apr is in April.

1424 Release of James I of Scotland

1652 Indemnity and Oblivion Act

1665 Second Anglo Dutch War

1666 Great Plague of London

1775 Birth of Jane Austen

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 5th April

On 05 Apr 1205 Isabella Anjou Queen Jerusalem (age 33) died.

On 05 Apr 1327 King Edward II of England (age 42) was imprisoned at Berkeley Castle [Map].

On 28 Mar 1424 King James I of Scotland (age 29) signed his release agreement, in which he promised to pay a ransom of 60,000 marks, at Durham, County Durham [Map]. He and his wife Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 20), married for seven weeks, travelled to Melrose Abbey [Map] arriving on 05 Apr 1424

Evelyn's Diary. 05 Apr 1652. My brother George (age 34) brought to Sayes Court [Map] Cromwell's (age 52) Act of Oblivion to all that would submit to the Government.

Evelyn's Diary. 05 Apr 1659. Came the Earl of Northampton (age 36) and the famous painter, Mr. Wright (age 41), to visit me.

Evelyn's Diary. 05 Apr 1665. Was a day of public humiliation and for success of this terrible war, begun doubtless at secret instigation of the French to weaken the States and Protestant interest. Prodigious preparations on both sides.

Pepy's Diary. 05 Apr 1666. After dinner home, where I find my wife hath on a sudden, upon notice of a coach going away to-morrow, taken a resolution of going in it to Brampton, we having lately thought it fit for her to go to satisfy herself and me in the nature of the fellow that is there proposed to my sister. So she to fit herself for her journey and I to the office all the afternoon till late, and so home and late putting notes to "It is decreed, nor shall thy fate, &c". and then to bed. The plague is, to our great grief, encreased nine this week, though decreased a few in the total. And this encrease runs through many parishes, which makes us much fear the next year.

Around 05 Apr 1695 Mary Beale aka Cradock (age 62). Portrait of Mary Morice Lady Carew (age 24).

Mary Morice Lady Carew: In or before 1671 she was born to William Morice 1st Baronet and Gertrude Bampfylde Lady Morice. Before 1682 John Carew 3rd Baronet and she were married. She by marriage Lady Carew of Antony in Cornwall. The difference in their ages was 35 years. Around Jun 1698 Mary Morice Lady Carew died.

On 05 Apr 1697 Charles XI King Sweden (age 41) died.

On 05 Apr 1703 Henrietta Hervey was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 37) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 26).

On 05 Apr 1703 Charles Hervey was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 37) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 26).

On 05 Apr 1751 Frederick I King Sweden (age 74) died. His fifth cousin twice removed Adolph Frederick King Sweden (age 40) succeeded King Sweden. He the first king of the House of Holstein-Gottorp.

On 16 Dec 1775 Jane Austen was born to George Austen (age 44) and Cassandra Leigh (age 36) in Steventon, Hampshire. She was baptised on 05 Apr 1775 at St Nicholas' Church, Steventon at which her father was rector; the delay being caused by adverse weather.

On 05 Apr 1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne was born to Admiral Charles Henry Swinburne (age 40) and Jane Henrietta Ashburnham (age 27) at 7 Chester Street Grosvenor Place.

On 05 Apr 1848 William Copeland Borlase was born to Samuel Borlase and Mary Anne Copeland at Castle Horneck, Penzance.

On 05 Apr 1853 Ford Madox Brown (age 31) and Emma Matilda Hill (age 23) were married at St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street [Map]. The witnesses were Dante Gabriel Rossetti (age 24) and Thomas Seddon (age 31). Rector Edward Auriol (age 48) performed the ceremony.

Edward Auriol: On 27 Feb 1805 he was born to James Peter Auriol. In or before 1841 Edward Auriol and Georgina Morris. In or before 1841 he was appointed Rector of St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street. On 10 Jul 1880 Edward Auriol died.

On 05 Apr 1863 Victoria Hesse Darmstadt Marchioness Milford Haven was born to Prince Louis Hesse Darmstadt IV Grand Duke (age 25) and Princess Alice Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 19) at Windsor Castle [Map]. She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 05 Apr 1874 Margaret Rachel Scott was born to John Scott 3rd Earl Eldon (age 29).

05 Apr 1881. Census. 2 Palace Gate, Kensington.

John Everett Millais 1st Baronet (age 51)

Euphemia "Effie" Gray Lady Millais (age 52)

Mary

John, Grandchild

Euphemia, Grandchild

Albert Gray, Brother-in-law

Nine servants.

On 05 Apr 1890 Harry Mengden Scarth (age 75) died at Tangier. He was buried at All Saints Church, Wrington [Map].

05 Apr 1891. Census. Draycott Lodge

William Holman Hunt (age 64). Head. 64. Artist of figure and landscape. Sculp.

Marion Edith Waugh (age 44). Wife. 44.

Gladys Hunt (age 13). Daughter. 14. School Girl.

Hilary Lushington Hunt (age 11). Son. 11. School Boy.

Edith Spark. 24. Governess.

Mary A Ottaway. 53. Nurse.

Eugenie P A Bassel. 17. Housemaid.

Ella A Rich. 31. Cook.

Ann Butler. 63. Servant

Richard Butler. 60. Servant.

Gladys Hunt: In 1878 she was born to William Holman Hunt and Marion Edith Waugh at Jerusalem.

Hilary Lushington Hunt: On 06 May 1879 he was born to William Holman Hunt and Marion Edith Waugh at 2 Warwick Gardens.

05 Apr 1891. Census. 1 St Edmunds Terrace.

Ford Madox Brown (age 69). Head. Widower.

Catherine Heuffer (age 40). Daughter. Widow.

Ford Madox Ford aka Heuffer (age 17). Grandson. 17.

Oliver Madox Heuffer (age 14). Grandson. 15.

Juliet Catherine Emma Heuffer (age 10). Granddaughter. 10.

Charlotte Kindy. Servant. 31.

Margaret Mullin. Servant. 23.

Ford Madox Ford aka Heuffer: On 17 Dec 1873 he was born to Francis Heuffer and Catherine Emily Brown On 26 Jun 1939 he died.

Oliver Madox Heuffer: In 1877 he was born to Francis Heuffer and Catherine Emily Brown On 22 Jun 1931 he died.

Juliet Catherine Emma Heuffer: In 1881 she was born to Francis Heuffer and Catherine Emily Brown In 1944 she died.

05 Apr 1891. Census. 3 St Edmunds Terrace.

William Michael Rossetti (age 61). Head. 61.

Emma Lucy Madox Brown (age 47). Wife. 47.

Olivia Madox Rossetti (age 15). Son. 15

Gabriel Arthur Rossetti (age 14). Son. 14.

Helen Maria (age 11). Daughter. 11.

Mary Elizabeth (age 10). Daughter. 9.

3 x Servants.

Births on the 5th April

On 05 Apr 1483 Giles Alington was born to William Alington (age 63).

On 05 Apr 1508 Ercole Este II Duke Ferrara was born to Alfonso Este I Duke Modena (age 31).

On 05 Apr 1516 Walter Strickland was born to Walter Strickland (age 19).

On 05 Apr 1549 Francoise Valois Princess Condé was born to François Valois and Jacqueline Rohan.

On 05 Apr 1588 Thomas Hobbes was born.

On 05 Apr 1597 Hannibal Baskerville was born to General Thomas Baskerville.

On 05 Apr 1649 Elihu Yale was born in Boston, Massachusetts.

On 05 Apr 1703 Charles Hervey was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 37) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 26).

On 05 Apr 1703 Henrietta Hervey was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 37) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 26).

On or before 05 Apr 1704 John Buckworth 2nd Baronet was born to John Buckworth 1st Baronet (age 41) and Elizabeth Hall Lady Buckworth. He was baptised on 05 Apr 1704.

On 05 Apr 1709 Emanuel Saxe Coburg Altenburg was born to Frederick Saxe Coburg Altenburg II Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 32) and Magdalena Augusta Anhalt Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg at Gotha.

On 05 Apr 1747 Thomas Hanmer 2nd Baronet was born to Walden Hanmer 1st Baronet (age 30).

On 05 Apr 1748 Francis Needham 1st Earl Kilmorley was born.

On 05 Apr 1758 Henry Harford was born illegitimately to Frederick Calvert 6th Baron Baltimore (age 27) and Hester Whelan. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Dec 1775 Jane Austen was born to George Austen (age 44) and Cassandra Leigh (age 36) in Steventon, Hampshire. She was baptised on 05 Apr 1775 at St Nicholas' Church, Steventon at which her father was rector; the delay being caused by adverse weather.

On 05 Apr 1789 William Mildmay Fane was born to Henry Fane of Fulbeck (age 49) and Anne Buckley Batson (age 31).

On 05 Apr 1798 Margarette Willes Baroness Leigh was born.

On 05 Apr 1820 Henry Hickman Bacon 11th and 10th Baronet was born to Nicholas Bacon (age 33).

On 05 Apr 1824 Julia Louisa Bosville Baroness Middleton was born at York [Map].

On 05 Apr 1836 Harriet Stonor Viscountess Clifden was born to Thomas Stonor 3rd Baron Camoys (age 38) and Frances Towneley (age 35).

On 05 Apr 1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne was born to Admiral Charles Henry Swinburne (age 40) and Jane Henrietta Ashburnham (age 27) at 7 Chester Street Grosvenor Place.

On 05 Apr 1848 William Copeland Borlase was born to Samuel Borlase and Mary Anne Copeland at Castle Horneck, Penzance.

On 05 Apr 1863 Victoria Hesse Darmstadt Marchioness Milford Haven was born to Prince Louis Hesse Darmstadt IV Grand Duke (age 25) and Princess Alice Saxe Coburg Gotha (age 19) at Windsor Castle [Map]. She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

On 05 Apr 1865 Nesta Fitzgerald was born to Charles William Fitzgerald Fitzgerald 4th Duke Leinster (age 46) and Caroline Leveson-Gower Duchess Leinster (age 37) at Kilkea Castle, Castledermot, County Kildare.

On 05 Apr 1874 Margaret Rachel Scott was born to John Scott 3rd Earl Eldon (age 29).

On 05 Apr 1903 Joan Douglas-Scott-Montagu was born illegitimately to John Douglas-Scott-Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu (age 36) and Eleanor Thornton (age 22).

On 05 Apr 1931 Shaun Plunket was born to Terence Plunket 6th Baron Plunket (age 31) and Dorothé Mabel Lewis (age 31).

Marriages on the 5th April

On 05 Apr 1624 John Hay 1st Earl Tweeddale (age 31) and Jean Seton Countess Tweeddale (age 18) were married. She by marriage Lord Hay of Yester. She the daughter of Alexander Seton 1st Earl Dunfermline and Grizel Leslie Countess Dunfermline. They were third cousins.

On 05 Apr 1637 William Cunningham 9th Earl Glencairn (age 27) and Anne Ogilvy Countess Glancairn were married. She by marriage Countess Glencairn. She the daughter of James Ogilvy 1st Earl Findlater (age 42) and Elizabeth Leslie. He the son of William Cunningham 8th Earl Glencairn and Jean Kerr Countess Glencairn. They were half second cousin once removed.

On 05 Apr 1648 Edward Dering 2nd Baronet (age 22) and Mary Harvey Lady Dering (age 18) were married. She by marriage Lady Dering of Surrenden Dering in Kent. They had seventeen children, of whom 10 survived to adulthood.

On 05 Apr 1665 George Hungerford (age 28) and Frances Seymour (age 12) were married. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 05 Apr 1719 Thomas Gresley 4th Baronet (age 20) and Dorothy Bowyer were married at St Lawrence's Church, Biddulph.

On 05 Apr 1720 Francis Scott 2nd Duke Buccleuch (age 25) and Jane Douglas were married at Earl of Rochester's House Privy Gardens Whitehall Palace. She the daughter of James Douglas 2nd Duke Queensberry and Mary Boyle Duchess Queensbury. He the son of James Scott and Henrietta Hyde Countess Dalkeith (age 43). They were second cousins. He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Before 05 Apr 1778 Marmaduke Langdale 5th Baron Langdale and Constantia Smythe Lady Langdale (age 66) were married. She by marriage Baroness Langdale of Holme in Yorkshire. They had five children.

On 05 Apr 1836 John Ogilvy of Inverquharity 9th Baronet (age 33) and Jane Elizabeth Howard (age 26) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Howard 16th Earl Suffolk 9th Earl Berkshire (age 59) and Elizabeth Jane Dutton Countess Suffolk and Berkshire.

Before 05 Apr 1837 Admiral Charles Henry Swinburne (age 40) and Jane Henrietta Ashburnham (age 27) were married. She the daughter of George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburnham and Charlotte Percy Countess Ashburham (age 61).

On 05 Apr 1843 Charles Rowley 2nd Baronet (age 42) and Peroline Marcowitz Lady Rowley were married.

Before 05 Apr 1848 Samuel Borlase and Mary Anne Copeland were married.

On 05 Apr 1849 Leonard Jerome "King of Wall Street" Financier (age 31) and Clarissa Hall (age 24) were married at Palmyra.

On 05 Apr 1853 Ford Madox Brown (age 31) and Emma Matilda Hill (age 23) were married at St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street [Map]. The witnesses were Dante Gabriel Rossetti (age 24) and Thomas Seddon (age 31). Rector Edward Auriol (age 48) performed the ceremony.

Edward Auriol: On 27 Feb 1805 he was born to James Peter Auriol. In or before 1841 he was appointed Rector of St Dunstan's in the West, Fleet Street. In or before 1841 Edward Auriol and Georgina Morris. On 10 Jul 1880 Edward Auriol died.

On 05 Apr 1866 Charles Adolphus Murray 7th Earl Dunmore (age 25) and Gertrude Coke (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Coke 2nd Earl of Leicester (age 43) and Juliana Whitbread Countess Leicester (age 40). He the son of Alexander Murray 6th Earl Dunmore and Catherine Herbert Countess Dunmore (age 51). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 05 Apr 1869 Vice-Admiral George Tryon (age 37) and Clementia Heathcote (age 37) were married.

On 05 Apr 1870 Algernon Borthwick (age 39) and Alice Beatrice Lister were married.

On 05 Apr 1923 John William Beaumont Pease 1st Baron Wardington (age 63) and Dorothy Charlotte Forster Baroness Wardington (age 31) were married. The difference in their ages was 31 years.

Deaths on the 5th April

On 05 Apr 1205 Isabella Anjou Queen Jerusalem (age 33) died.

On 05 Apr 1291 Beatrix Dampierre (age 31) died.

On 05 Apr 1308 Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey of Wilton (age 68) died. His son John Grey 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton (age 40) succeeded 2nd Baron Grey of Wilton.

On 05 Apr 1325 Ralph Monthermer 1st Baron Monthermer (age 55) died. Earl Gloucester, Earl Hertford extinct. His son Thomas Monthermer 2nd Baron Monthermer (age 23) succeeded 2nd Baron Monthermer.

On 05 Apr 1336 John Capet Duke Durazzo (age 42) died at Naples.

On 05 Apr 1340 Archbishop William Melton (age 65) died at Cawood Palace [Map].

On 05 Apr 1351 John Fiennes (age 50) died at Herstmonceux Castle [Map].

On 05 Apr 1353 Joan Grey Baroness Basset Drayton (age 70) died.

On 05 Apr 1355 Jean V de Harcourt (age 30) died.

On 05 Apr 1417 John Valois (age 18) died.

On 05 Apr 1478 Bishop John Booth died.

On 05 Apr 1505 Joan Danvers (age 83) died.

Before 05 Apr 1565 William Hamilton of Sandquhar (age 61) died at Sanquhar Castle.

On 05 Apr 1576 John St John (age 71) died at Lydiard Tregoze, Wiltshire.

On 05 Apr 1577 Ambrose Jermyn (age 66) died.

On 05 Apr 1578 Henry Seymour (age 75) died at Winchester, Hampshire [Map].

On 04 Apr 1589 or 05 Apr 1589 Mildred Cooke Baroness Burghley (age 63) died. She was buried at the Chapel of St Nicholas, Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 05 Apr 1605 Adam Loftus Archbishop (age 72) died.

On 05 Apr 1613 Rowland Stanley (age 96) died.

On 05 Apr 1619 Alexander Home 1st Earl of Home (age 53) died at Channel Row. On 05 Apr 1619 His son James Home 2nd Earl of Home (age 12) succeeded 2nd Earl of Home.

Before 05 Apr 1626 Frances Thornhurst (age 21) died.

On 05 Apr 1629 or 04 May 1629 Vere Egerton (age 33) died. She was buried at Booth Chapel.

On 05 Apr 1672 Admiral George Ayscue (age 56) died.

On or before 05 Apr 1675 Robert Napier 3rd Baronet died unmarried. His uncle John Napier 4th or 1st Baronet (age 39) succeeded 4th Baronet Napier of Luton Hoo in Bedfordshire. Since the 3rd Baroent may have been subject to disinheritance, and the Baronetcy recreated, John Napier 4th or 1st Baronet (age 39) is sometimes referred to as the 1st Baronet.

On 05 Apr 1679 Elizabeth Carey Viscountess Mordaunt (age 47) died.

Between 05 Apr 1679 and 24 Jun 1679 Edmund Butler 4th Viscount Mountgarret (age 84) died.

On 05 Apr 1685 Samuel Sandys (age 69) died. He was buried in St Andrew's Church, Ombersley.

On 05 Apr 1695 George Savile 1st Marquess Halifax (age 61) died apparently as a consequence of eating undercooked chicken. He was buried in the north aisle of the King Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His son William Savile 2nd Marquess Halifax (age 30) succeeded 2nd Marquess Halifax, 2nd Earl Halifax, 2nd Viscount Halifax, 2nd Baron Savile of Elland, 5th Baronet Savile of Thornhill. Mary Finch Duchess Roxburghe (age 18) by marriage Marchioness Halifax.

On 05 Apr 1697 Charles XI King Sweden (age 41) died.

On 05 Apr 1710 John Mordaunt (age 29) died.

On 05 Apr 1713 Richard Welby died.

On 05 Apr 1720 Christian Bruce (age 62) died.

On 05 Apr 1745 Curtis King (age 45) died.

On 05 Apr 1751 Frederick I King Sweden (age 74) died. His fifth cousin twice removed Adolph Frederick King Sweden (age 40) succeeded King Sweden. He the first king of the House of Holstein-Gottorp.

On 05 Apr 1752 John Lister-Kaye 4th Baronet (age 54) died. His son John Lister-Kaye 5th Baronet (age 26) succeeded 5th Baronet Kaye of Woodsome Hall in Yorkshire.

On 05 Apr 1754 Archibald Hamilton (age 81) died.

On 05 Apr 1767 Charlotte Wilhelmine Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 81) died.

On 05 Apr 1782 John Gambier (age 58) died.

On 05 Apr 1787 Mary Cardonnel Countess Talbot (age 68) died.

On 05 Apr 1789 William Vane 2nd Viscount Vane (age 75) died. Viscount Vane extinct.

On 05 Apr 1810 Charlotte Finch died.

On 05 Apr 1820 Mary Jarvey (age 49) died at Bathgate.

On 05 Apr 1824 Mary Stuart Countess Lonsdale (age 83) died.

On 05 Apr 1837 Bishop Henry Bathurst (age 92) died.

On 05 Apr 1855 Philadelphia Rowley Lady Cotton (age 92) died.

On 05 Apr 1861 Ann Frederica Elizabeth Fleming Lady Fleming (age 77) died.

On 05 Apr 1861 Frances Saunders (age 73) died.

On 05 Apr 1870 Augustus Anthony Frederick Irby (age 50) died.

On 05 Apr 1873 Henry Frederick Compton Cavendish (age 83) died.

On 05 Apr 1876 George Augustus Frederick Charles Holroyd 2nd Earl Sheffield (age 74) died. On 05 Apr 1876 His son Henry Holroyd 3rd Earl Sheffield (age 44) succeeded 3rd Earl Sheffield of Dunamore in Meath, 3rd Viscount Pevensey, 3rd Baron Sheffield of Dunamore in Meath, 3rd Baron Sheffield of Roscommon in Roscommon, 3rd Baron Sheffield of Sheffield in Yorkshire.

On 05 Apr 1880 Frances Towneley (age 79) died.

On 05 Apr 1882 Charlotte Mary Yea died.

On 05 Apr 1884 Henry Cockayne-Cust (age 64) died.

On 05 Apr 1890 Harry Mengden Scarth (age 75) died at Tangier. He was buried at All Saints Church, Wrington [Map].

On 05 Apr 1894 Susan Harriet Holroyd died.

On 02 Apr 1895 Clarissa Hall (age 70) died. Her funeral was held at the Grosvenor Chapel on 05 Apr 1895 attended by her daughters Clarita "Clara" Jerome (age 44), Jenny Jerome (age 41) and Leonie Blanche Jerome (age 36), her grandsons Winston Churchill (age 20) and John Strange "Jack" Spencer-Churchill (age 15) and the Dowager Frances Anne Emily Vane Duchess of Marlborough (age 72).

On 05 Apr 1908 Ronald Henry Fulke Greville (age 43) died of pneumonia without issue following an operation, predeceasing his own father.

On 05 Apr 1914 John Shiffner 5th Baronet (age 56) died. His son John Bridger Shiffner 6th Baronet (age 14) succeeded 6th Baronet Shiffner of Coombe in Sussex.

On 05 Apr 1917 Sophia Mary MacNab of Dundurn Castle (age 84) died.

On 05 Apr 1918 Lewis Charles Bagot Chester (age 19) was killed in action at Ayette, France.

On 05 Apr 1923 George Edward Stanhope Molyneux Herbert 5th Earl Carnarvon (age 56) died in the Continental Savoy Hotel, Cairo of an mosquito bite infected by a razor cut. His son Henry Herbert 6th Earl Carnarvon (age 24) succeeded 6th Earl Carnarvon, 6th Baron Porchester. Anne Catherine Tredick Wendell Countess Carnarvon (age 22) by marriage Countess Carnarvon.

On 05 Apr 1926 Sarah Evelyn Buxton died.

On 05 Apr 1926 Henry Torrens Anstruther (age 65) died.

On 05 Apr 1927 Richard Harold St Maur (age 57) died.

On 05 Apr 1939 Warner Hastings 15th Earl Huntingdon (age 70) died. He was buried at Hasting's Chapel St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map]. His son Francis Hastings 16th Earl Huntingdon (age 38) succeeded 16th Earl Huntingdon. Cristina Casati Stampa di Soncino Countess Huntingdon (age 38) by marriage Countess Huntingdon.

On 05 Apr 1943 Guy Weir Hogg (age 81) died.

On 05 Apr 2007 Aleathea Dykes Spicer (age 88) died.