On this Day in History ... 05 March

05 Mar is in March.

1052 Battle of Rhyd y Groes

1295 Battle of Maes Moydog

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1580 Earldoms of Lennox and March Swapped

1601 Essex Rebellion

1694 Death and Funeral of Queen Mary II

1811 Battle of Barrosa

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1052. This year, on the second day before the nones of March, died the aged Lady Elfgiva Emma (age 67), the mother of King Edward (age 49) and of King Hardacnute, the relict of King Ethelred and of King Knute; and her body lies in the old minster with King Knute.

Battle of Rhyd y Groes

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 1052. At this time Griffin, the Welsh king, plundered in Herefordshire till he came very nigh to Leominster; and they gathered against him both the landsmen and the Frenchmen from the castle; and there were slain very many good men of the English, and also of the French. This was on the same day thirteen years after that Edwine Mercia was slain with his companions.

On 05 Mar 1133 King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England was born to Geoffrey Plantagenet Duke Normandy (age 19) and Empress Matilda (age 31) at Le Mans [Map]. He a grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

Battle of Maes Moydog

On 05 Mar 1295 William Beauchamp 9th Earl Warwick (age 58) defeated the army of Madog ap Llywelyn during the Battle of Maes Moydog at Llanfair Caereinion Radnorshire, Powys. English losses were around 100 dead, Welsh around 700.

On 05 Mar 1324 King David II of Scotland was born to Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 49) and Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland (age 40) at Dunfermline Abbey, Dunfermline.

On 05 Mar 1326 Louis I King Hungary King Poland was born to Charles I King Hungary (age 38) and Elisabeth Unknown Queen Consort Hungary.

On 05 Mar 1329 Philip "Noble" III King Navarre (age 22) and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre (age 17) were crowned joint King Navrarre at Pamplona.

Before 05 Mar 1451 William "Black William" Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 28) and Anne Devereux (age 21) were married.

On 05 Mar 1473 Jean V Count Armagnac (age 53) died. His brother Charles Armagnac I Count Armagnac (age 48) succeeded I Count Armagnac.

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1518. 05 Mar 1518. R. O. 3985. Pace (age 36) to WOLSEY.

Has heard from the Lord Steward that there is some doubt whether the King will return towards London: he has had no commandment as yet to make provision but by the ways specified "in such gists as he hath send unto your grace." He knows no reason why the King's mind is changed. Thinks the King must leave this for London, as they cannot abide here, and there is no horse meat at Woodstock. The King wishes to know from Wolsey whether any of the royal palaces near London are infected with the sickness. Abyndon, 5 March.

Hol., p. 1. Add.

Letters and Papers 1518. 05 Mar 1518. Er. Ep. App. 263. 3993. ERASMUS to BOVILL.

Was glad that he escaped the detestable sickness. Congratulates Croke and the University. Is surprised that any should be found there to take the part of Faber. Would have acted otherwise had it been Standish and not Faber: "longo aliter belluam accepissem." Has completed the New Testament. Has received a letter from Grey, dated Paris. Begs his compliments to Vaughan, Humphrey, Brian, Watson and Gerard. Louvain, 5 March 1518.

On 05 Mar 1574 Frederick IV Elector Palatine was born to Louis VI Elector Palatine (age 34).

Earldoms of Lennox and March Swapped

On 05 Mar 1580 Robert Stewart 1st Earl Lennox 1st Earl March (age 58) resigned Earl Lennox 4C 1578. On the same day he was created 1st Earl March 3C 1581. Elizabeth Stewart Countess Arran Countess Lennox and March (age 31) by marriage Countess March.

On the same day Esme Stewart 1st Duke Lennox (age 38) was created 1st Earl Lennox 5C 1580 by King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 13) for being his favourite. Catherine Balsac Duchess Lennox by marriage Lord Aubigny.

On 05 Mar 1588 Henri Bourbon Condé Prince Condé (age 35) died.

On 05 Mar 1599 Roger Manners 5th Earl of Rutland (age 22) and Elizabeth Sidney Countess Rutland (age 14) were married. She by marriage Countess of Rutland. Childless, unhappy and possibly not consummated. He the son of John Manners 4th Earl of Rutland and Elizabeth Charlton Countess Rutland.

Essex Rebellion

On 05 Mar 1601 Charles Danvers (age 33) and Christopher Blount (age 36) stood trial for high treason for their part in the Essex Rebellion; both were found guilty.

Before 05 Mar 1607 Thomas Brudenell 1st Earl Cardigan (age 24) and Mary Tresham Countess Cardigan were married.

On 05 Mar 1607 Oliver Plunkett 4th Baron Louth died. His son Matthew Plunkett 5th Baron Louth succeeded 5th Baron Louth 1C 1541.

On 05 Mar 1664 Wentworth Fitzgerald 17th Earl of Kildare (age 30) died. His son John Fitzgerald 18th Earl of Kildare (age 3) succeeded 18th Earl Kildare.


Death and Funeral of Queen Mary II

On 28 Dec 1694 Mary Stewart II Queen England Scotland and Ireland (age 32) died of smallpox shortly after midnight at Kensington Palace. Her body lay in state at the Banqueting House [Map].

On 05 Mar 1695 she was buried in Westminster Abbey [Map]. Archbishop Thomas Tenison (age 58) preached the sermon.

She had reigned for five years. Her husband King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 44) continued to reign for a further eight years.


Evelyn's Diary. 05 Mar 1695. I went to see the ceremony. Never was so universal a mourning; all the Parliament men had cloaks given them, and four hundred poor women; all the streets hung and the middle of the street boarded and covered with black cloth. There were all the nobility, mayor, aldermen, judges, etc.

On 05 Mar 1701 Richard Coote 1st Earl Bellomont (age 65) died. His son Nanfan Coote 2nd Earl Bellomont (age 20) succeeded 2nd Earl Bellomont.


Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 05 Mar 1718. It was ordered by the Society that all Members to be admitted into the same, be balloted for, and that a Balloting Box be prepared for that purpose.

On 05 Mar 1719 Adrian Scrope (age 7) died. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Adrian Scrope: On 20 May 1711 he was born to Gervase Scrope of Cockeringham (age 28) and Elizabeth Cresswell (age 19).

PAINTINGS/DAHL/Triple_Portrait.jpg PAINTINGS/DAHL/Evelyn_Pierrepoint.jpg

On 05 Mar 1737 Charles Emmanuel III King Sardinia (age 35) and Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia (age 25) were married. Elisabeth Therese Lorraine Queen Consort Sardinia by marriage Queen Consort Sardinia. She the daughter of Leopold Duke of Lorraine and Élisabeth Charlotte Bourbon Duchess Lorraine (age 60). He the son of Victor Amadeus King Sardinia and Anne Marie Bourbon Queen Consort Sardinia. They were half first cousins. He a great grandson of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 05 Mar 1740 Thomas Pakenham 1st Baron Longford (age 26) and Elizabeth Cuffe 1st Countess Longford (age 20) were married.

On 05 Mar 1752 George Coventry 6th Earl Coventry (age 29) and Maria Gunning Countess Coventry (age 19) were married. She by marriage Countess Coventry. He the son of William Coventry 5th Earl Coventry.


Battle of Barrosa

On 05 Mar 1811 the Battle of Barrosa aka Chichlana was fought. During the battle, a single British division defeated two French divisions and captured a regimental eagle.

Hugh Gough 1st Viscount Gough (age 31) fought.

On 05 Mar 1818 George Bridgeman 2nd Earl Bradford (age 28) and Georgina Elizabeth Moncrieffe Countess Bradford (age 27) were married. He the son of Orlando Bridgeman 1st Earl Bradford (age 55) and Lucy Elizabeth Byng Countess Bradford (age 51).


On 05 Mar 1847 Charles Gordon 11th Marquess Huntly was born to Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly (age 55) and Maria Antoinetta Pegus Marchioness Huntly (age 26).

On 05 Mar 1873 James Dutton 6th Baron Sherborne was born to Charles Dutton (age 30) at Fatchgarn.