On this Day in History ... 06 April

06 Apr is in April.

1199 Death of Richard I

1250 Battle of Fariskur

1264 Battle of Northampton

1320 Declaration of Arbroath

1362 Battle of Brignais

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1668 Bawdy House Riots

Before 06 Apr 1199 King John "Lackland" of England (age 32) had his marriage to Isabella Fitzrobert 3rd Countess Gloucester and Essex (age 26) annulled due to consanuinity but more likely because John's new status as heir to the English throne mean't he had better prospects. He may have already decided to marry Isabella of Angoulême Queen Consort England (age 11) who he married on 24 Aug 1200.

Death of Richard I

On 06 Apr 1199 King Richard "Lionheart" I of England (age 41) was besieging Châlus Chabrol Castle, Domfront. During the course of the evening King Richard "Lionheart" I of England (age 41) was shot by a crossbow. The wound quickly became gangrenous; Richard died in the arms of his mother Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 77). His brother King John "Lackland" of England (age 32) succeeded I King England.

There was a brother between Richard and John named Geoffrey Duke of Brittany who had a son Arthur (age 12), who was around twelve, and a daughter Eleanor (age 15), who was around fifteen, whose mother was Constance Penthièvre Duchess Brittany (age 38).

King Philip II of France (age 33) had planned for Eleanor (age 15) to marry his son, probably to bring Brittany into the French Royal family, possibly to pursue a claim on England.

King Philip II of France (age 33) supported Arthur's (age 12) claim to the English throne. In the resulting war Arthur (age 12) was captured, imprisoned and never seen again. Eleanor (age 15) was captured, probably around the same time as Arthur, and imprisoned, more or less, for the remainder of her life, even after King John's death through the reign of King Henry III since she represented a threat to Henry's succession.

On 06 Apr 1231 William "The Younger" Marshal 2nd Earl Pembroke (age 41) died. On 06 Apr 1231 His brother Richard Marshal 3rd Earl Pembroke (age 40) succeeded 3rd Earl Pembroke 2C 1199. Gervase Dinant Countess Pembroke by marriage Countess Pembroke.

Battle of Fariskur

On 06 Apr 1250 the Battle of Fariskur was the last major battle of the Seventh Crusade. The Crusader army was defeated. King Louis IX of France (age 35) and his two brothers Alphonse Capet Count Poitou II Count Toulose (age 29) and King Charles Capet of Sicily (age 23) were captured.

On 06 Apr 1255 Theobald "Young" II King Navarre (age 15) and Isabella Capet (age 14) were married. She the daughter of King Louis IX of France (age 40) and Margaret Provence Queen Consort France (age 34). He the son of Theobald IV King Navarre and Margaret Bourbon Queen Consort Navarre (age 38). They were half third cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King William "Conqueror" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Battle of Northampton

On 06 Apr 1264 the future King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 24), Philip Marmion 5th Baron Marmion (age 30) and Roger Leybourne (age 49) fought for the King at Northampton Castle [Map] during the Battle of Northampton. Simon de Montfort 6th Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Chester (age 56) fought for the rebels with his son Simon "Younger" Montfort (age 24) who was captured.

On 06 Apr 1284 Peter Capet Count Alençon (age 33) was killed at Salerno by Aragonese mercenaries. He had no issue; Count Alençon extinct.

On 06 Apr 1317 Guy Chatillon IV Count Saint Pol (age 63) died. His son Jean Chatillon Count Saint Pol (age 25) succeeded Count Saint Pol.

Declaration of Arbroath

On 06 Apr 1320 fifty-one Scottish magnates signed a letter to Pope John XII (age 76) declaring Scotland to be an independent sovereign state. The signatories included Malcolm Lennox 2nd Earl Lennox.

Archaeologia Volume 35 1853 XXXIII. On the 6th of April [1358], the Prince of Wales (age 27), attended by four knights, dined with the Queen (age 63).

Battle of Brignais

On 06 Apr 1362 at the Battle of Brignais ...

James Bourbon Count La Marche and Ponthieu (age 43) was killed. His son Jean Bourbon I Count La Marche (age 18) succeeded I Count La Marche. His son Pierre Bourbon (age 20) was killed.

On 06 Apr 1387 John "Sans Terre" Artois 1st Count Eu (age 65) died. His son Robert IV Artois Count Eu (age 31) succeeded Count Eu. Joanna Durazzo Countess Eu by marriage Countess Eu.

John Mainwaring: Around 1344 he was born to William "The Elder" IV Mainwaring (age 28) in Over Peover. Before 1410 John Mainwaring (age 66) and Margaret Stafford (age 64) were married.

Margaret Stafford: Around 1345 she was born to John Stafford (age 43) and Margaret Stafford (age 14).

On 06 Apr 1418 Ralph Greystoke 3rd Baron Greystoke (age 64) died. He was buried at Newminster Abbey [Map]. His son John Greystoke 4th Baron Greystoke (age 29) succeeded 4th Baron Greystoke.

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1518. 06 Apr 1518. R.O. 4060. Pace (age 36) to WOLSEY.

The King has this day summoned his Council, and stated that London was still infected with sickness; therefore he must avoid it. He thinks that the infection is kept from Wolsey's knowledge, as it was from his when he was there; and notwithstanding the scarceness in the country about Abingdon he is compelled to remain in places thereabouts, as comprised in the bill enclosed. Wolsey is to certify the King whether there are a sufficient number of the Council in attendance on him for the business of the next term, and advises him to leave London when it is over. Will be heartily welcome to the King if he chooses to come. Wishes a train of horses to be appointed betwixt himself and Wolsey every seven hours. Of the noblemen now about the King and their order, the King will remember such communication "concerning some of them" as has been between himself and Wolsey. He wishes to know of the progress of the sickness.—"When I had written thus far the King's grace commanded me to add unto the premises, that both his highness and all his Council doth fear the said sickness now at the beginning of these heats, which be great here considering the time of the year." The Queen said yesterday that she had perfect knowledge of the sickness being in London, and "that, though she be no prophet, yet she would lose her finger if some inconvenient should not ensue unto the King's person if he should at this time repass towards London. Et has ego judico esse causas istius subitæ mutationis1." Sends, by the King's command, the names of all the councillors waiting on him this day. Abingdon, 6 April.

Note 1. Et has ego judico esse causas istius subitæ mutationis ie And these I judge to be the causes of this sudden change.

On 06 Apr 1523 Henry Stafford 1st Earl Wiltshire (age 44) died without issue. Earl Wiltshire extinct.

Before 06 Apr 1529 Geoffrey Scrope 10th Baron Scrope Masham and Eleanor Windsor Baroness Scrope Masham (age 38) were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 06 Apr 1612 James Stewart 4th Duke Lennox 1st Duke Richmond was born to Esmé Stewart 3rd Duke Lennox (age 33) and Katherine Clifton Duchess Lennox (age 20).

On 06 Apr 1621 Edward Seymour 1st Earl Hertford (age 81) died. He was buried at Salisbury Cathedral [Map].

On 06 Apr 1653 Frederick Louis Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck was born to August Philipp Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (age 40) and Marie Sibylle Nassau Saarbrücken Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.

1668 Bawdy House Riots

Pepy's Diary. 06 Apr 1668. Betimes I to Alderman Backewell (age 50), and with him to my Lord Ashly's (age 46), where did a little business about Tangier, and to talk about the business of certificates, wherein, contrary to what could be believed, the King (age 37) and Duke of York (age 34) themselves, in my absence, did call for some of the Commissioners of the Treasury, and give them directions about the business [of the certificates], which I, despairing to do any thing on a Sunday, and not thinking that they would think of it themselves, did rest satisfied, and stayed at home all yesterday, leaving it to do something in this day; but I find that the King (age 37) and Duke of York (age 34) had been so pressing in it, that my Lord Ashly (age 46) was more forward with the doing of it this day, than I could have been. And so I to White Hall with Alderman Backewell (age 50) in his coach, with Mr. Blany; my Lord's Secretary: and there did draw up a rough draught of what order I would have, and did carry it in, and had it read twice and approved of, before my Lord Ashly (age 46) and three more of the Commissioners of the Treasury, and then went up to the Council-chamber, where the Duke of York (age 34), and Prince Rupert (age 48), and the rest of the Committee of the Navy were sitting: and I did get some of them to read it there: and they would have had it passed presently, but Sir John Nicholas desired they would first have it approved by a full Council: and, therefore, a Council Extraordinary was readily summoned against the afternoon, and the Duke of York (age 34) run presently to the King (age 37), as if now they were really set to mind their business, which God grant! So I thence to Westminster, and walked in the Hall and up and down, the House being called over to-day, and little news, but some talk as if the agreement between France and Spain were like to be, which would be bad for us, and at noon with Sir Herbert Price (age 63) to Mr. George Montagu's (age 45) to dinner, being invited by him in the hall, and there mightily made of, even to great trouble to me to be so commended before my face, with that flattery and importunity, that I was quite troubled with it. Yet he is a fine gentleman, truly, and his lady a fine woman; and, among many sons that I saw there, there was a little daughter that is mighty pretty, of which he is infinite fond: and, after dinner, did make her play on the gittar and sing, which she did mighty prettily, and seems to have a mighty musical soul, keeping time with most excellent spirit. Here I met with Mr. Brownlow, my old schoolfellow, who come thither, I suppose, as a suitor to one of the young ladies that were there, and a sober man he seems to be. But here Mr. Montagu (age 45) did tell me how Mr. Vaughan (age 64), in that very room, did say that I was a great man, and had great understanding, and I know not what, which, I confess, I was a little proud of, if I may believe him. Here I do hear, as a great secret, that the King (age 37), and Duke of York (age 34) and Duchesse, and my Baroness Castlemayne (age 27), are now all agreed in a strict league, and all things like to go very current, and that it is not impossible to have my Lord Clarendon (age 59), in time, here again. But I do hear that my Baroness Castlemayne (age 27) is horribly vexed at the late libell1, the petition of the poor whores about the town, whose houses were pulled down the other day. I have got one of them, but it is not very witty, but devilish severe against her and the King (age 37) and I wonder how it durst be printed and spread abroad, which shews that the times are loose, and come to a great disregard of the King (age 37), or Court, or Government.

Note 1. "The Poor Whores' Petition to the most splendid, illustrious, serene and eminent Lady of Pleasure the Countess of Castlemayne (age 27), &c., signed by us, Madam Cresswell and Damaris Page, this present 25th day of March, 1668". This sham petition occasioned a pretended answer, entitled, "The Gracious Answer of the Most Illustrious Lady of Pleasure, the Countess of Castlem.... to the Poor Whores' Petition". It is signed, "Given at our Closset, in King Street, Westminster, die Veneris, April 24, 1668. Castlem...". Compare Evelyn, April 2nd, 1668.

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Evelyn's Diary. 06 Apr 1692. A fast. King James (age 58) sends a letter written and directed by his own hand to several of the Privy Council, and one to his daughter (age 29), the Queen Regent, informing them of the Queen (age 33) being ready to be brought to bed, and summoning them to be at the birth by the middle of May, promising as from the French King (age 53), permission to come and return in safety.


On 06 Apr 1696 Charles Beauclerk 2nd Duke St Albans was born to Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans (age 25) and Diana Vere Duchess St Albans (age 17). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

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On 06 Apr 1703 John Erskine 23rd Earl Mar (age 28) and Margaret Hay Countess Mar (age 16) were married. Margaret Hay Countess Mar by marriage Countess Mar. She the daughter of Thomas Hay 7th Earl Kinnoull (age 43). He the son of Charles Erskine 22nd Earl Mar.

On 06 Apr 1716 Charles Cockayne 4th Viscount Cullen (age 29) died. His son Charles Cockayne 5th Viscount Cullen (age 5) succeeded 5th Viscount Cullen.

Before 06 Apr 1721 Christian August Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 24) and Frederikke Louise Unknown Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg were married. She the daughter of Frederick Unknown Count Langeland. He the son of Frederick William Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg.

On 06 Apr 1721 Frederick Christian Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg was born to Christian August Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg (age 24) and Frederikke Louise Unknown Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Augustenburg.

On 06 Apr 1734 Lucius Charles Carey 7th Viscount Falkland (age 27) and Jane Butler were married.

On 06 Apr 1737 George Montagu 4th Duke Manchester was born to Robert Montagu 3rd Duke Manchester (age 27) and Harriet Dunch Duchess Manchester.

On 06 Apr 1743 Michael Newton 4th Baronet (age 48) died. Baronet Newton of Barrs Court extinct. He was buried at St Michael's Church, Heydour [Map]. Sculpted by Peter Scheemakers (age 52).

On 06 Apr 1771 Charles Howard 11th Duke of Norfolk (age 25) and Frances Scudamore Duchess Norfolk (age 21) were married. Frances Scudamore Duchess Norfolk by marriage Duchess Beaufort. Shortly after their marriage she exhibited signs of mental instability from the time of her marriage and spent the rest of her life confined to Holme Lacy House [Map]. He the son of Charles Howard 10th Duke of Norfolk (age 50) and Catherine Brockholes Duchess Norfolk (age 52). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. NOTEXT

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Archaeologia Volume 6 Section XIII. An account of some Druidical Remains on Stanton and Hartle Moor in the Peak, Derbyshire. By Hayman Rooke (age 57), Esq. Read April 6, 1780.

On 06 Apr 1795 Charles Young Garter King of Arms was born.

On 06 Apr 1821 Robert Stewart 1st Marquess Londonderry (age 81) died. His son Robert Stewart 2nd Marquess Londonderry (age 51) succeeded 2nd Marquess Londonderry.


On 06 Apr 1827 Charles Talbot 15th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 74) died. His nephew John "Good Earl" Talbot 16th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 36) succeeded 16th Earl of Shrewsbury 2C 1442, 16th Earl Waterford. Maria Theresa Talbot Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford by marriage Countess of Shrewsbury Countess Waterford.

On 06 Apr 1830 Louis I Grand Duke of Hesse (age 76) died. His son Louis Hesse Darmstadt II Grand Duke (age 52) succeeded II Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine.

On 06 Apr 1913 Somerset Lowry-Corry 4th Earl Belmore (age 77) died.

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On 06 Apr 1919 Charles Mills 2nd Baron Hillingdon (age 64) died. His son Arthur Robert Mills 3rd Baron Hillingdon (age 27) succeeded 3rd Baron Hillingdon. Edith Mary Cadogan Baroness Fitzwalter (age 24) by marriage Baroness Fitzwalter.

On 06 Apr 1939 John Ian Robert Russell 13th Duke Bedford (age 21) and Clare Bridgman (age 36) were married. His father Hastings William Russell 12th Duke Bedford (age 50) disinherited him as a consequence. He the son of Hastings William Russell 12th Duke Bedford (age 50) and Louisa Crommelin Roberta Jowitt Whitwell Duchess Bedford.

On 06 Apr 1941 Commander Montague Wriothesley Noel (age 48) was killed in action while on Convoy duty in the English channel. HMS Torrent, Surprise, Tornado and Radiant ran into a German minefield, with Torrent striking a German mine. Surprise and Tornado went to rescue Torrent's crew, but Torrent struck a second mine and quickly sank. In an attempt to rescue survivors, Surprise and Tornado also struck mines and sank. Only Radiant was undamaged and picked up the survivors from the three ships. In total, 12 officers and 240 other ranks were killed from the three ships. Only three of Torrent's crew survived, with 68 killed.

Memorial at the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire [Map].