On this Day in History ... 06 February

06 Feb is in February.

1299 Edward I Creates New Barons

1536 Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

1544 Wyatt's Rebellion

1601 Essex Rebellion

1666 Great Plague of London

1685 Death and Burial of Charles II

1952 Death of George VI Accession of Elizabeth II

On 06 Feb 685 King Hlothhere of Kent died of wounds received in a battle with his nephew, and co-ruler, King Eadric of Kent.

1299 Edward I Creates New Barons

On 06 Feb 1299 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 59) created a number of new Barons by writ of summons to Edward's 44th Parliament ...

John Ferrers 1st Baron Ferrers of Chartley (age 27) was created 1st Baron Ferrers of Chartley.

John Lovell 1st Baron Lovel (age 45) was created 1st Baron Lovel of Titchmarsh. Joan Ros Baroness Lovel (age 39) by marriage Baroness Lovel of Titchmarsh.

William Ros 1st Baron Ros Helmsley (age 44) was created 1st Baron Ros Helmsley. Maud Vaux Baroness Ros (age 42) by marriage Baroness Ros Helmsley.

William Devereux 1st Baron Devereux Lyonshall (age 55) was created 1st Baron Devereux Lyonshall. Lucy Burnell Baroness Devereux Lyonshall by marriage Baroness Devereux Lyonshall.

Adam Welles 1st Baron Welles (age 50) was created 1st Baron Welles. Joan D'Engayne Baroness Welles and Ughtred by marriage Baroness Welles.

Robert Clinton 1st Baron Clinton (age 41) was created 1st Baron Clinton. Ida Odingsells Baroness Clinton (age 34) by marriage Baroness Clinton.

John Moels 1st Baron Moels (age 30) was created 1st Baron Moels.

The next baronies may not have been created on 06 Feb 1299 but were created in 1299 possibly for Edward's 45th and 46th Parliaments on 10 Apr 1299 and 21 Sep 1299 respectively.

Edmund Deincourt 1st Baron Deincourt (age 49) was created 1st Baron Deincourt 1C 1299.

John Strange 1st Baron Strange Knockin (age 46) was created 1st Baron Strange Knockin 2C 1299. Maud Eiville Baroness Strange Knockin by marriage Baroness Strange Knockin.

John St John Lagenham 1st Baron St John Lagenham (age 49) was created 1st Baron St John Lagenham.

Robert Clifford 1st Baron Clifford (age 24) was created 1st Baron de Clifford 1C 1299. Maud Clare Baroness Clifford Baroness Welles (age 23) by marriage Baroness de Clifford.

Henry Grey 1st Baron Grey of Codnor (age 44) was created 1st Baron Grey of Codnor 1299. Eleanor Courtenay Baroness Grey Codnor by marriage Baroness Grey of Codnor 1299.

John Mohun 1st Baron Dunster (age 30) was created 1st Baron Mohun of Dunster. Ada Tiptoft Baroness Dunster (age 24) by marriage Baroness Mohun of Dunster.

Roger Scales 1st Baron Scales was created 1st Baron Scales.

John St John 1st Baron St John Basing (age 25) was created 1st Baron St John Basing.

John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset (age 24) was created 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset.

Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby (age 31) was created 1st Baron Zouche Ashby.

Henry Percy 9th and 1st Baron Percy (age 25) was created 1st Baron Percy of Alnwick 1C 1299. Eleanor Fitzalan Baroness Percy (age 15) by marriage Baroness Percy of Alnwick.

William Grandison 1st Baron Grandison (age 37) was created 1st Baron Grandison 1C 1299. Sibylla Tregoz Baroness Grandison by marriage Baroness Grandison. His brother was also created Baron Grandison on the same day.

Otto Grandison 1st Baron Grandison (age 61) was created 1st Baron Grandison 1C 1299. His brother was also created Baron Grandison on the same day.

Thomas de Multon 1st Baron Multon (age 22) was created 1st Baron Multon Egremont. Eleanor Burgh Baroness Multon Egremont (age 17) by marriage Baroness Multon Egremont.

On 06 Feb 1311 William Vavasour 1st Baron Vavasour (age 71) died. His son Walter Vavasour 2nd Baron Vavasour (age 31) succeeded 2nd Baron Vavasour.

On 06 Feb 1393 Charles Metz II Duke Lorraine (age 28) and Margaret Wittelsbach Duchess Lorraine (age 17) were married. She by marriage Duchess Lorraine. She the daughter of Rupert King Germany (age 40). He the son of John Metz I Duke Lorraine and Sophie Württemberg Duchess Lorraine.

Chronicle of Gregory 1437. 06 Feb 1437. Ande the ix day of Feverer Quene Kateryn (deceased) aforesayde was broughte to Powlys [Map] yn London, and there sche hadde a solempne deryge ande a masse on the morne. And thenne she was hadde unto Westemyster. And the iij day aftyr she was worth ely enteryde and buryde in Oure Lady chapylle at Westemyster in the Abby; of whos soule God have mercy.

Before 06 Feb 1462 William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 31) and Katherine Neville Baroness Bonville Baroness Hastings (age 20) were married. She by marriage Baroness Hastings. She the daughter of Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury and Alice Montagu 5th Countess of Salisbury (age 55). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 06 Feb 1499 Ralph Neville 3rd Earl of Westmoreland (age 43) died at Hornby Castle [Map]. His grandson Ralph Neville 4th Earl of Westmoreland succeeded 4th Earl of Westmoreland 1C 1397 three weeks before his first birthday.

Henry VIII becomes Supreme Head of the Church

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 06 Feb 1536. This yeare also, the first Soundaie after Candlemas, being the sixt daie of Februarie, the Archbishopp of Canterberie, called Thomas Cranmer (age 46), preached at Paules Crosse [Map], my Lord Chauncelor (age 48)g being then present at his sermon, and their he approved, by scripture and by the decrees of the Popes lawes, that the Bishop of Rome, otherwise called Pope, was Antichrist, and also brought divers expositions of holie sainctes and doctors for the same; and how craftelie, and by what meanes, and how long, he had taken upon him the power of God and the aucthoritie above all princes christened, and how his aucthoritie and lawes was contrarie to scripture and the lawe of God, as he then honorably declared and approved to the cleere understanding of all the people.

Note g. Sir Thomas Audley, who had succeeded the learned Sir Thomas More as Chancellor in 1532.

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Wyatt's Rebellion

Henry Machyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1544. The vj day of Feybruary was Shroyff-tuwysday in the mornyng master Wyatt (age 23) and ys compeny retorned bake towhard Kyngton apon Temes [Map], and ther the bridge was pluckyd up, and he causyd on of ys men to swym over for to feytche a bott, and so whent at nyght toward Kensyngtun, and so forward.


Henry Machyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1544. The sam day was ij hangyd apon a jebett in Powles churche yerd [Map]; the on a spy of Wyatt (age 23), the thodur was under-shreyff of Leseter, for carryng letturs of the duke of Suffoke (age 27) and odur thinges.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1544. The sam day cam rydyng to the Towre the duke of Soffoke (age 27) and ys brodur by the yerle of Huntyngton (age 30) with iij C. horse.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1553. The vj day of Feybruary cam to London and rod thrughe London my lade Mare('s) (age 36) grasse, the kynges syster, with a grett nombur of lordes and knyghtes, and her grace a grett [number] of lades and jentyll women and jentyll men to the [number] of ij honderd horsse, and thrug Chepe unto Saynt J[ohn's].

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Essex Rebellion

Brief Lives: Charles Danvers 1568 1601. [711]Sir Charles Danvers (age 33) was beheaded on Tower-hill [Map] with Robert, earle of Essex (age 35), February the 6th, 1600[712]. I find in the register of the Tower chapell [Map] only the sepulture of Robert, earl of Essex (age 35), that yeare; wherfore I am induced to beleeve that his body was carryed to Dantesey[CX] in Wilts to lye with his ancestors. Vide Stowe's Chronicle, where is a full account of his and the earle's deportment at their death on the scaffold.

With all their faylings, Wilts cannot shew two such[713] brothers.

His familiar acquaintance were...[714], earl of Oxon (age 50); Sir Francis (age 40) and Sir Horace Vere (age 36); Sir Walter Ralegh (age 47), etc.-the heroes of those times.

Quaere my lady viscountesse Purbec and also the lord Norris for an account of the behaviour and advice of Sir Charles Danvers in the businesse of the earl of Essex, which advice had the earle followed he had saved his life.

[715]Of Sir Charles Danvers, from my lady viscountesse Purbec:-Sir Charles Danvers advised the earle of Essex, either to treat with the queen-hostages..., whom Sir Ferdinando Gorges (age 36) did let goe; or to make his way through the gate at Essex house, and then to hast away to Highgate, and so to Northumberland (the earl of Northumberland maried his mother's (age 51) sister), and from thence to the king of Scots, and there they might make their peace; if not, the queen was old and could not live long. But the earle followed not his advice, and so they both lost their heads on Tower-hill.


[711]. MS. Aubr. 8, fol. 25v.

[712]. i.e. 1600/1.

[713]. Dupl. with 'shew the like two brothers,' scil. as Sir Charles Danvers and his brother Henry, earl of Danby.

[714]. Edward Vere, seventeenth earl of Oxford (age 50).

[CX]In MS. Aubr. 3, fol. 46, Aubrey writes, in reference to burials at Dantesey, 'quaere, if Sir Charles Danvers that was beheaded?-He was buryed in the Tower chapell.' Aubrey's description of the burial-place of the Danvers family (MS. Aubr. 3, fol. 46), with the inscriptions, is printed in J. E. Jackson's Aubrey's Wiltshire Collections, pp. 223-225; the pedigree of Danvers is there given at p. 216.

On 06 Feb 1615 John Stewart 1st Earl Carrick (age 49) died.

On 06 Feb 1623 Edward Montagu 2nd Earl Manchester (age 21) and Susannah Hill were married. He the son of Henry Montagu 1st Earl Manchester (age 60) and Catherine Spencer.


Great Plague of London

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1666. My wife (age 31) and family returned to me from the country, where they had been since August, by reason of the contagion, now almost universally ceasing. Blessed be God for his infinite mercy in preserving us! I, having gone through so much danger, and lost so many of my poor officers, escaping still myself that I might live to recount and magnify his goodness to me.

On 06 Feb 1677 Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield (age 14) and Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield (age 12) were married. She by marriage Countess Lichfield. She the daughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 46) and Barbara Villiers 1st Duchess of Cleveland (age 36). They were third cousins.


Death and Burial of Charles II

Evelyn's Diary. 04 Feb 1685. I went to London, hearing his Ma* (age 54) had ben the Monday before (02 Feb 1685) surpriz'd in his bed-chamber with an apoplectic fit, so that if, by God's providence, Dr. King (that excellent chirurgeon as well as physitian) had not ben accidentally present to let him blood (having his lancet in his pocket) his Ma* had certainly died that moment, which might have ben of direful consequence, there being nobody else present with the King (age 54) save this Doctor and one more, as I am assur'd. It was a mark of the extraordinary dexterity, resolution, and presence of mind in the Dr, to let him bloud in the very paroxysm, without staying the coming of other physitians, which regularly should have ben don, and for want of which he must have a regular pardon, as they tell me *. This rescu'd his Ma* for the instant, but it was only a short reprieve. He still complain'd, and was relapsing, often fainting, with sometimes epileptic symptoms, till Wednesday, for which he was cupp'd, let bloud in both jugulars, had both vomit and purges, which so rellev'd him that on Thursday hopes of recovery were signified in the publiq Gazette, but that day, about noone, the physitians thought him feaverish. This they seem'd glad of, as being more easily allay'd and methodically dealt with than his former fits; so as they prescrib'd the famous Jesuits powder: but it made him worse, and some very able Doctors who were present did not think it a fever, but the effect of his frequent bleeding and other sharp operations us'd by them about his head, so that probably the powder might stop the circulation, and renew his former fits, which now made him very weake. Thus he pass'd Thursday night with greate difficulty, when complaining of a paine in his side, they drew 12 ounces more of bloud from him; this was by 6 in the morning on Friday, and it gave him reliefe, but it did not continue, for being now in much paine, and strugling for breath, he lay dozing, and after some conflicts, the physitians despairing of him, he gave up the ghost at halfe an houre after eleven in the morning, being the sixth of February 1685, in the 36th yeare of his reigne, and 54th of his age.

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1686. Being the day on wcb his Ma* (age 52) began his reign, by order of Council it was to be solemniz'd with a particular Office and Sermon, which the Bp. of Ely (age 48) preach'd at Whitehall [Map] on 11 Numb. 12; a Court oration upon the Regal office. It was much wonder'd at that this day, weh was that of his late Ma*'s death, should be kept as a festival, and not [instead of] the day of the present King's coronation. It is said to have ben formerly ye costom, tho' not till now since ye reigne of King James I.


Evelyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1689. The King's (age 55) coronation day was ordered not to be observed, as hitherto it had been.

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1689. The Convention of the Lords and Commons now declare the Prince (age 38) and Princess (age 26) of Orange King and Queen of England, France, and Ireland (Scotland being an independent kingdom), the Prince (age 38) and Princess (age 26) being to enjoy it jointly during their lives; but the executive authority to be vested in the Prince (age 38) during life, though all proceedings to run in both names, and that it should descend to their issue, and for want of such, to the Princess Anne of Denmark (age 24) and her issue, and in want of such, to the heirs of the body of the Prince, if he survive, and that failing, to devolve to the Parliament, as they should think fit. These produced a conference with the Lords, when also there was presented heads of such new laws as were to be enacted. It is thought on these conditions they will be proclaimed.

Evelyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1689. There was much contest about the King's (age 38) abdication, and whether he had vacated the government. The Earl of Nottingham (age 41) and about twenty Lords, and many Bishops, entered their protests, but the concurrence was great against them.


Evelyn's Diary. 06 Feb 1689. The Princess (age 26) hourly expected. Forces sending to Ireland, that kingdom being in great danger by the Earl of Tyrconnel's (age 59) army, and expectations from France coming to assist them, but that King was busy in invading Flanders, and encountering the German Princes. It is likely that this will be the most remarkable summer for action, which has happened in many years.


On 06 Feb 1731 Frederick Calvert 6th Baron Baltimore was born to Charles Calvert 5th Baron Baltimore (age 31) and Mary Janssen Baroness Baltimore. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 06 Feb 1732 Anne Scott Duchess Monmouth and Buccleuch (age 80) died. Her grandson Francis Scott 2nd Duke Buccleuch (age 37) succeeded 2nd Duke Buccleuch.

On 06 Feb 1737 Edward Fane (age 63) died.

On 06 Feb 1759 Garrett Wellesley 1st Earl Mornington (age 23) and Anne Hill Countess Mornington (age 16) were married. She by marriage Baroness Mornington.

On 06 Feb 1777 Harriet Churchill (age 52) died. She was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Harriet Churchill: Around 1725 she was born illegitimately to Charles Churchill (age 46). In 1747 Everard Fawkener (age 53) and Harriet Churchill (age 22) were married. The difference in their ages was 31 years. After 1758 Thomas Pownall (age 35) and Harriet Churchill (age 33) were married.

On 06 Feb 1796 Richard Le Poer Trench 2nd Earl Clancarty (age 28) and Henrietta Margaret Staples Countess Clancarty (age 26) were married. She by marriage Countess Clancarty. He the son of William Trench 1st Earl of Clancarty (age 54).

On 06 Feb 1798 James Hamilton 2nd Earl Clanbrassil (age 67) died.

On 06 Feb 1813 Richard Wingfield 5th Viscount Powerscourt (age 22) and Frances Theodosia Jocelyn (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Robert Jocelyn 2nd Earl Roden (age 56).

After 06 Feb 1841. Monument to Thomas Palmer Whalley at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Ecton [Map].

Thomas Bateman 1846. On the 6th of February, 1847, a barrow [Map] [Flax Dale Barrow [Map]] was opened which is situated in the township of Middleton-by-Yolgrave, near a small valley called Flax-dale. It is of the usual bowl-shaped form, and is about three feet in height. Near the centre was found a fine sepulchral urn, neatly ornamented, containing a deposit of calcined bones, over which it was placed, with the mouth downwards. The urn was inclosed within a rude cist, partly cut in the rock, partly walled round, and covered with a large flat stone; about this and indeed throughout the barrow were many pieces of flinty some of which are chipped into the shape of arrow-heads &c. The presence of rats' bones indicated that there had been an interment by inhumation in addition to the foregoing one. Part of a skull and a few bits of pottery were all the vestiges of this deposit which appears to have been disturbed at the time of the interment of the urn and its contents.

On 06 Feb 1873 Judith Blunt-Lytton 16th Baroness Wentworth was born to Wilfrid Scawen Blunt (age 32) and Anne King-Noel 15th Baroness Wentworth (age 35).

On 06 Feb 1873 Edward Lyulph Stanley 4th Baron Stanley 3rd Baron Eddisbury (age 33) and Mary Catherine Bell Baroness Stanley were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

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On 06 Feb 1917 Mary Louisa Williams (age 91) died.

Mary Louisa Williams: On 26 Mar 1825 she was born. In Jul 1852 Andrew Crombie Ramsay (age 38) and Mary Louisa Williams (age 27) were married.

Death of George VI Accession of Elizabeth II

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Time Team Series 1 Episode 4: The Fortress in the Lake was filmed between 16 Sep 1993 and 18 Sep 1993. It was originally shown on 06 Feb 1994.

Locations: Llangorse Lake, Breconshire [Map], St Paulinus' Church, Llangorse [Map].

Category: Time Team Early Medieval.

Time Team:

Tony Robinson (age 47), Presenter

Mick Aston (age 47), Bristol University Landscape Archaeologist

Carenza Lewis (age 29), Royal Commission on Historic Monuments

Phil Harding (age 43), Wessex Archaeological Trust Field Archaeologist

Robin Bush (age 50), Archivist.

Victor Ambrus (age 58), Historical Illustrator

John Gator, Chris Gaffney, Geophysics

Damian Goodburn, Ancient Woodworking Specialist

Mark Redknap, National Museum of Wales

Techniques: Magnetometry

Sources: Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 916, Book of Llandaff Chapter 4 Section 7: Llan Cors, Book of Llandaff Chapter 8

Historical Figures: King Elised of Brecknock, Æthelflæd Lady of the Mercians.

Outcomes: Reconstructed Iron Age boat made from 3.5 tonnes of oak; a copy of an original discovered in Llangorse Lake in Brecon Museum. Metal working on site, shale ring. Boundary Ditch.

Channel 4 Episode