On this Day in History ... 09 August

09 Aug is in August.

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1664 Battle of St Gothard

1666 Holme's Bonfire

1666 Great Plague of London

1902 Coronation of Edward VII

On 09 Aug 1078 Peter Savoy I Count Savoy (age 30) died.

On 09 Aug 1211 William Braose 4th Baron Bramber (age 67) died at France. His son Bishop Giles Braose succeeded Baron Bergavenny (Feudal Creation).

On 06 Aug 1254 or 09 Aug 1254 Bishop Hugh of Northwold died. He was buried at Ely Cathedral [Map].

On 09 Aug 1298 Robert Ufford 1st Earl Suffolk was born to Robert Ufford 1st Baron Ufford (age 19) and Cecily Valoignes Baroness Ufford (age 14).

On 09 Aug 1386 King Henry V of England was born to Henry IV King England (age 19) and Mary Bohun (age 18) at Monmouth Castle [Map]. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.60%.


On 09 Aug 1386 King Henry V of England was created 1st Duke Cornwall.

After 09 Aug 1396 Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby (age 47) was buried at St James' Church Spilsby [Map] with his third wife Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby. Early Plate Bascinet Period. Remarkable helm on which the Baron's head rests with a Bearded Man crest. Excellent orle around the Baron's bascinet.

Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby: Around 1349 he was born to John Willoughby 3rd Baron Willoughby (age 26) and Cecily Ufford Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 22). Before 01 Oct 1369 Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby (age 20) and Margery Zouche Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 30) were married. After 17 Oct 1388 Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby (age 39) and Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby (age 31) were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. Before Jul 1396 Thomas Willoughby (age 16) and Elizabeth Neville (age 12) were married. They were step-brother and sister since his father Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby (age 47) married her mother Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby in 1388. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. On 09 Aug 1396 Robert Willoughby 4th Baron Willoughby (age 47) died. His son William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby (age 26) succeeded 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. Lucy Strange Baroness Willoughby Eresby by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby.

Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby: Around 1357 she was born to William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer of Corby (age 26) and Elizabeth Fitzalan (age 37). On 28 May 1381 William Latimer 4th Baron Latimer of Corby (age 51) died. He was buried at Gisborough Priory. His daughter Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby (age 24) succeeded 5th Baroness Latimer of Corby. Before 09 Oct 1381 John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 44) and Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby (age 24) were married. She by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. The difference in their ages was 20 years. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. On 05 Nov 1395 Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby (age 38) died. Her son John Neville 6th Baron Latimer of Corby (age 13) succeeded 6th Baron Latimer of Corby 1C 1299.

Before 09 Aug 1404 William Willoughby 5th Baron Willoughby (age 34) and Joan Holland Duchess York (age 24) were married. She by marriage Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. She the daughter of Thomas Holland 2nd Earl Kent and Alice Fitzalan Countess Kent (age 54). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 09 Aug 1422 Thomas Dunbar 2nd Earl Moray (age 51) died. His son Thomas Dunbar 3rd Earl Moray succeeded 3rd Earl Moray 2C 1374.

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1517. 09 Aug 1517. R.O. 3572. SIR RICHARD WINGFIELD to WOLSEY.

Yesterday the Cardinal of Arragon left Calais. He did not go, as Wingfield wrote in his last, to Cambray, to visit the King Catholic, but to Boulogne, thence of Rouen, and so to Spain, to wait the King's arrival, if he can go there this year. He told Wingfield he intended to return from Spain and cross to England. He was sorry it was not his fortune to visit the King at that time in consequence of the plague in London and other places, and left, at his going, a letter for Wolsey. He travels like a nobleman, and has forty horses with him. Yesterday se'nnight the King of France entered Rouen. Has sent a spy to see what he is doing, and return by the seacoast to find what ships are at Dieppe. Calais, 9 Aug. Signed.

Diary of Edward VI. 09 Aug 1550. The French embassadour came to Windsore to sue for a pasport for the douagier of Scotteland (age 34); wich being graunted, so she came like a frend, he required 300 hors to passe, with 200 kepers, wich was not holly graunted, but only 200 hors with 150 kepers in on(e) companie, cumming into this realme as shuld be apointed, shuld without let passe into Fraunce, and not returne this way.1

Note 1. This plan was reversed. The queen sailed from Edinburgh (to visit her daughter Mary queen of Scots (age 7), who was then in France,) on the 7th Sept. 1550, and landed at Dieppe on the 19th. On her return she came through England, landing at Portsmouth on the 2d Nov. 1551: under which date we shall meet her again.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 09 Aug 1561. The ix day of August the quen('s) (age 27) grace has commondyd that all chathredalles and coleges and studyans places that they shuld putt ther wyffes from them owt of the serkutt [circuit] of evere [every] colege.

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On 09 Aug 1564 Anthony Mildmay (age 14), whilst being educated at Peterhouse College, Cambridge University [Map], delivered an oration to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 30) with much success during her visit to the college.

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Evelyn's Diary. 09 Aug 1654. To the old and ragged city of Leicester [Map], large and pleasantly seated, but despicably built, the chimney flues like so many smiths' forges; however, famous for the tomb of the tyrant, Richard III, which is now converted to a cistern, at which (I think) cattle drink. Also, here in one of the churches lies buried the magnificent Cardinal Wolsey. John of Gaunt has here also built a large but poor hospital, near which a wretch has made him a house out of the ruins of a stately church. Saw the ruins of an old Roman Temple, thought to be of Janus. Entertained at a very fine collection of fruits, such as I did not expect to meet with so far North, especially very good melons. We returned to my uncle's.


Battle of St Gothard

Pepy's Diary. 09 Aug 1664. They gone I to my office, and there my head being a little troubled with the little wine I drank, though mixed with beer, but it may be a little more than I used to do, and yet I cannot say so, I went home and spent the afternoon with my wife talking, and then in the evening a little to my office, and so home to supper and to bed. This day comes the newes that the Emperour hath beat the Turke1 killed the Grand Vizier and several great Bassas, with an army of 80,000 men killed and routed; with some considerable loss of his own side, having lost three generals, and the French forces all cut off almost. Which is thought as good a service to the Emperour as beating the Turke almost, for had they conquered they would have been as troublesome to him2.

Note 1. This was the battle of St. Gothard, in which the Turks were defeated with great slaughter by the imperial forces under Montecuculli, assisted by the confederates from the Rhine, and by forty troops of French cavalry under Coligni. St. Gothard is in Hungary, on the river Raab, near the frontier of Styria; it is about one hundred and twenty miles south of Vienna, and thirty east of Gratz. The battle took place on the 9th Moharrem, A.H. 1075, or 23rd July, A.D. 1664 (old style), which is that used by Pepys. B.

Note 2. The fact is, the Germans were beaten by the Turks, and the French won the battle for them. B.

Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 09 Aug 1666. In the evening to Lumbard-streete [Map] about money, to enable me to pay Sir G. Carteret's (age 56) £3000, which he hath lodged in my hands, in behalf of his son and my Lady Jemimah, toward their portion, which, I thank God, I am able to do at a minute's warning. In my [way] I inquired, and find Mrs. Rawlinson is dead of the sickness, and her mayde continues mighty ill. He himself is got out of the house. I met also with Mr. Evelyn (age 45) in the streete, who tells me the sad condition at this very day at Deptford [Map] for the plague, and more at Deale [Map] (within his precinct as one of the Commissioners for sick and wounded seamen), that the towne is almost quite depopulated.


Holme's Bonfire

On 09 Aug 1666 and 10 Aug 1666 Holme's Bonfire was an attack by the English fleet commanded by Admiral Robert Holmes (age 44) on a Dutch merchant fleet of 140 ships at the Vlie estuary. The town of West-Terschelling was burnt down.

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On 09 Aug 1719 Charles Middleton 2nd Earl Middleton (age 69) died. He was buried at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines.


On 09 Aug 1749 Charles Dormer 8th Baron Dormer (age 24) and Mary Talbot were married.

On 09 Aug 1757 Francis Basset 1st Baron Dunstanville 1st Baron Basset Stratton was born.

Before 09 Aug 1761 George Gilbert Archbishop of York (age 67) and Margaret Sherard were married.

On 09 Aug 1761 George Gilbert Archbishop of York (age 67) died in Twickenham.

On 09 Aug 1767 Charles Callis Western 1st Baron Western was born.

On 09 Aug 1767 Thomas Cholmondeley 1st Baron Delamere was born to Thomas Cholmondeley (age 41).

On 09 Aug 1776 George Augustus Clavering-Cowper 4th Earl Cowper was born to George Nassau Clavering-Cowper 3rd Earl Cowper (age 37) and Hannah Anna Gore 3rd Countess Cowper.

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On 09 Aug 1783 Archibald Montgomerie 11th Earl Eglinton (age 57) and Frances Twysden (age 20) were married. The difference in their ages was 36 years. He the son of Alexander Montgomerie 9th Earl Eglinton and Susanna Kennedy Countess Winton.


On 09 Aug 1794 Beaumont Hotham 3rd Baron Hotham was born to Beaumont Hotham (age 25).


On 09 Aug 1805 John Robert Townshend 1st Earl Sydney was born to John Townshend 2nd Viscount Sydney (age 41) and Caroline Elizabeth Letitia Clements Viscountess Sydney.

On 09 Aug 1815 Edmund Roche 1st Baron Fermoy was born to Edward Roche (age 44).

After 09 Aug 1821. Monument in Church of St Oswald, Methley [Map] to Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough (deceased).

Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough: In 1742 she was born to Francis Blake Delaval (age 49) and Rhoda Apreece. In 1760 John Savile 1st Earl Mexborough (age 40) and Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough (age 18) were married. She by marriage Baroness Pollington of Longford in the County of Longford. The difference in their ages was 22 years. In Feb 1766 John Savile 1st Earl Mexborough (age 46) was created 1st Earl Mexborough of Lifford in County Donegal. Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough (age 24) by marriage Countess Mexborough of Lifford in County Donegal. On 09 Aug 1821 Sarah Delaval Countess Mexborough (age 79) died.

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On 09 Aug 1830 Frederick Ellis 7th Baron Walden 3rd Baron Seaford was born to Charles Ellis 6th Baron Walden 2nd Baron Seaford (age 31) and Lucy Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck (age 22). He was educated at Eton College [Map] and Trinity College, Cambridge University [Map].

On 09 Aug 1832 Henry George Grey 3rd Earl Grey (age 29) and Maria Moyle 3rd Countess Grey (age 33) were married. He the son of Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey (age 68) and Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby Countess Grey (age 56).

New Inns. On the 9th of August we examined the remains of a barrow which had been raised upon a rocky mound near New Inns, Derbyshire, finding only broken human bones, teeth of rats and other quadrupeds, with flakes of flint and pieces of earthenware.

We then proceeded towards Cold Eaton, where in a pasture field, between Green Low [Map] and Net Low [Map] barrows, opened in 1845, are two more large flat barrows, previously unnoticed. That opened on the present occasion was nearest Net Low. It was about twenty yards across, with a central elevation of eighteen inches, and was entirely composed of earth. The original deposit was placed in a circular hole, eighteen inches diameter, sunk about six inches in the stony surface of the land on which the barrow was raised, so that the entire depth from the top of the latter was two feet. The interment consisted of a quantity of calcined human bones, which lay upon a thin layer of earth at the bottom of the hole, as compactly as if they had at first been deposited within a shallow basket, or similar perishable vessel. Upon them lay some fragments of iron, parts of two bone combs, and twent-eight convex objects of bone, like button-moulds.

The pieces of iron have been attached to some article of perishable material; the largest fragment has a good-sized loop, as if for suspension. One of the combs has been much like the small-tooth comb used in our nurseries, and is ornamented by small annulets cut in the bone; the other is of more elaborate make, having teeth on each side as the former, but being strengthened by a rib up the middle of both sides, covered with a finely-cut herring-bone pattern, and attached by iron rivets.

The twenty-eight bone objects consist of flattened hemispherical pieces, mostly with dots on the convex side; in some, dots within annulets. They vary from half an inch to an inch in diameter, and have generally eight, nine, or ten dots each; but these are disposed so irregularly that it would be difficult to count them off hand, which leads to the conclusion that these counters would not be employed for playing any game dependent upon numbers, like dominoes or dice, but that they were more probably used for a game analagou& to draughts. This is most likely to be the fact, as draughtmen have occasionally been found in Scandinavian grave mounds; and we must assign this interment, if not to the Danes, still to the Pagan Saxons, whose customs were in many respects identical. All the articles found in this barrow have undergone the process of combustion, along with the human remains.

On 09 Aug 1862 Seymour Egerton 4th Earl Wilton (age 23) and Laura Caroline Russell Countess Wilton (age 20) were married. He the son of Thomas Grosvenor 2nd Earl Wilton (age 62) and Mary Smith-Stanley Countess Wilton. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

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Before 09 Aug 1891 Lieutenant Harry Tyrwhitt aka Tyrwhitt-Wilson (age 37) was appointed Equerry to the Prince of Wales (age 49).


Coronation of Edward VII


On 09 Aug 1902 Winifred Anna Dallas Yorke Duchess Portland (age 38) served as a canopy bearer to Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England (age 57) at the Coronation of Edward VII.

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On 09 Aug 1914 Alastair Windsor 2nd Duke Connaught and Strathearn was born to Prince Arthur of Connaught (age 31) and Princess Alexandra Duff Duchess Fife (age 23) at 54 Mount Street Grosvenor Square. He was baptised on 01 Sep 1914 at his parent's home. His godparents were his maternal great-uncle George V King United Kingdom (age 49), Alfonso XIII King Spain (age 28), his maternal great-grandmother Alexandra Glücksburg Queen Consort England (age 69), his grandfather Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn (age 64), his great-aunt Princess Louise Caroline Alberta Windsor Duchess Argyll (age 66) and his cousin Princess Mary Windsor Countess Harewood (age 17). He a great grandson of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.85%.