On this Day in History ... 9th December

09 Dec is in December.

1165 Death of King Malcolm IV of Scotland

1290 Eleanor Crosses

1437 Death of Sigismund King of Hungary Germany Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor

1462 Warwick becomes Kingmaker

1538 Exeter Conspiracy

1688 Battle of Reading

1710 Battle of Briheuga

1775 Battle of Great Bridge

1800 Act of Union Peerages

1960 First Broadcast of Coronation Street

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 9th December

On 09 Dec 1165 Malcolm IV King Scotland (age 24) died. His brother William "Lion" I King Scotland (age 22) succeeded I King Scotland, 6th Earl Huntingdon.

On 09 Dec 1290 Eleanor of Castile Queen Consort England (deceased) body rested at Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire [Map]. The cross here was built between 1291 and 1293 by John of Battle at a total recorded cost of over £100.

Chronicle of Gregory 1437. 09 Dec 1437. Ande that same year deyde the Emperowre of Rome (age 69), and his termentte was solempnly holde at Syn Poulys [Map] at the cytte of London the iij day of May, there beynge the King (age 16) and his lordys.

Before 09 Dec 1462 Alice Montagu 5th Countess of Salisbury (age 55) died. Her son Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 34) succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury, 5th Baron Montagu, 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some fourteen years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

Chronicle of Greyfriars. 09 Dec 1538. And this yere in December was beheddyd at the Towre-hyll lorde Henry markes of Exceter (age 42), lorde Henry Montegew (age 46), and sir Edward Nevelle (deceased).

On 09 Dec 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu (age 47) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 43) were beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 43), his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness of Exeter (age 36) and their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 12) were attainted; Marquess Exeter, Earl Devon, Earl Devon, Baron Okehampton, Baron Courtenay forfeit.

His son was subsequently created 1st Earl Devon in 1553. Marquess Exeter, Earl Devon and Earl Devon subject to attainder.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 09 Dec 1558. The ix day of Desember was creatyd at Somersett plasse [Map], wher the quen('s) (age 25) grace lys, master Rychmond Norroy, and Rysbanke creatyd Bluw-mantyll.

On 09 Dec 1594 King Gustavus Adolphus II of Sweden was born to King Charles IX of Sweden (age 44).

On 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42) died.

On 09 Dec 1679 Henry Brouncker 3rd Viscount Brounckner (age 52) was appointed Cofferer of the Household to King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 49).

On 09 Dec 1688 the Battle of Reading was fought between supporters of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 55) and King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 38). King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 38) was victorious. Thereafter King James II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 55) fled to France and King William III of England, Scotland and Ireland (age 38) acceeded.

On 09 Dec 1706 Peter II King Portugal (age 57) died. His son John V King Portugal (age 17) succeeded King Portugal.

On 09 Dec 1710 the Battle of Briheuga was concluded at Brihuega Guadalajara Spain. The British rearguard under Lord Stanhope (age 37) was surrounded in Brihuega by a Franco-Spanish army under Duc de Vendôme (age 56). James Stanhope 1st Earl Stanhope (age 37) surrendered once Vendôme's men had breached the town. The British troops were released and returned home in Oct 1711.

On 09 Dec 1715 Benedetto Gennari II (age 82) died.

On 09 Dec 1758 Richard Colt Hoare 2nd Baronet was born to Richard Hoare 1st Baronet (age 23) and Anne Hoare (age 21). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 09 Dec 1775 the Battle of Great Bridge was fought. The victory by the Militia resulted in the departure of Royal Governor of John Murray 4th Earl Dunmore (age 45).

The London Gazette 15317. Whitehall, December 9, 1800.

The King has been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honorable Charles Sloane Lord Cadogan (age 72), and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Style, and Title of Viscount Chelsea, in the County of Middlesex, and Earl Cadogan. [Mary Churchill Countess Cadogan (age 42) by marriage Countess Cadogan.]

The King has also been pleased to grant the Dignities of Viscount and Earl of the Kingdom of Great Britain to the Right Honorable James Lord Malmesbury (age 54), Baron of Malmesbury, in the County of Wilts, Knight of the Most Honorable Order of the Bath, and the Heirs Male of his Body lawfully begotten, by the Name, Style, and Title of Viscount Fitz-Harris, of Hurn Court, in the County of Southampton, and Earl of Malmesbury. [Harriet Maria Amyand Countess Malmesbury (age 39) by marriage Countess Malmesbury.]

On or before 09 Dec 1833 Joseph Kendrick (age 79) died.

On 09 Dec 1852 Peter Rouw (age 81) died.

Letters of Dante Gabriel Rossetti. 09 Dec 1863. 16 Cheyne Walk, Chelsea.

My dear Leathart (age 43),

The picture of Whistler's (age 29) which I mentioned was the unfinished Chinese one, since bought by Gambart (age 49) & which was, as I thought, the one about which you wished to know.

The Thames picture is still unsold, and on enquiring of Whistler (age 29) I find its price is 300 guineas. It is the noblest of all the pictures he has done hitherto, and is the one for your collection.

regards Legros' works, I yesterday saw for the first time a picture he is doing now, of Hamlet in his mother's chamber, where he kills Polonius, about 20 inches by 15 I suppose in size, it may be rather more, and a truly admirable work, the finest he has done in London as yet. He intends to ask 45 guineas for it. It is so very cheap proportionately to the other that I am induced to mention it to you, since it is a work which will stand the proximity of anything whatever, being most full & luminous in colour, though, like all his work, low in tone.

With kind remembrances to Mrs. Leathart[8].

I remain my dear Leathart

Yours ever truly

D G Rossetti (age 35)

On 09 Dec 1866 Adele Beach Grant Countess Essex was born to David Beach Grant (age 27) and Rebecca Douglas Stewart (age 31) in New York.

On 09 Dec 1891 Andrew Crombie Ramsay (age 77) died. He was buried at St Sadwrn's Church, Llansadwrn [Map] where his grave is marked by a glacial erratic.

After 09 Dec 1941. St Withburga's Church, Holkham [Map]. Memorial to David Arthur Coke (deceased).

David Arthur Coke: On 04 Dec 1915 he was born to Thomas William Coke 4th Earl of Leicester and Marion Gertrude Trefusis Countess Leicester. On 09 Dec 1941 David Arthur Coke was killed in action at Acroma Libya.

On 09 Dec 1960 the soap opera Coronation Street was first broadcast.

Births on the 9th December

On 09 Dec 1392 Peter Aviz I Duke Coimbra was born to King John I of Portugal (age 40) and Philippa Lancaster Queen Consort Portugal (age 32). He a great grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 09 Dec 1594 King Gustavus Adolphus II of Sweden was born to King Charles IX of Sweden (age 44).

On 09 Dec 1599 Francis Wenman was born to Francis Wenman of Caswell. He was born posthumously three months after his father's death. He became the ward of Allen Apsley (age 32).

On 09 Dec 1608 John Milton was born to John Milton (age 46) and Sara Jeffrey (age 36) in Bread Street.

On 09 Dec 1649 Orlando Bridgeman 1st Baronet was born to Bishop John Bridgeman (age 72).

On 09 Dec 1652 Robert Rochfort was born.

On 22 Nov 1675 Charles de Vere was born to Aubrey de Vere 20th Earl of Oxford (age 48) and Diana Kirke Countess of Oxford. He was baptised on 09 Dec 1675 at St Martin in the Fields [Map]. Died as an infant.

On 09 Dec 1751 Maria Luisa of Parma was born to Infante Philip of Spain (age 31) and Louise Elisabeth of France (age 24). Coefficient of inbreeding 4.46%.

On or before 09 Dec 1757 Thomas Kingscote was born. He was baptised on 09 Dec 1757 at St Mary's Church, Walthamstow.

On 09 Dec 1758 Richard Colt Hoare 2nd Baronet was born to Richard Hoare 1st Baronet (age 23) and Anne Hoare (age 21). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 09 Dec 1761 Granville Penn was born to Thomas Penn (age 59) and Juliana Fermor (age 32).

On 09 Dec 1766 Thomas Stoner was born to Charles Stonor (age 29).

On 09 Dec 1767 Louisa Catharine Howe was born to Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe (age 41) and Mary Hartop.

On 09 Dec 1798 John Benn Walsh 1st Baron Ormathwaite was born.

On 09 Dec 1799 Frederick Fitzclarence was born illegitimately to King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 34) and Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan" (age 38).

On 09 Dec 1805 John Nelthorpe Beauclerk was born to William Beauclerk 8th Duke St Albans (age 38) and Maria Janetta Nelthorpe Duchess St Albans. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 09 Dec 1809 Reverend Augustus Fitzroy was born to Henry Fitzroy (age 39) and Caroline Pigot (age 34).

On 09 Dec 1821 Henry Paget 3rd Marquess Anglesey was born to Henry Paget 2nd Marquess Anglesey (age 24) and Eleanora Campbell.

On 09 Dec 1839 Evelyn Mary Craven was born to William Craven 2nd Earl Craven (age 30) and Emily Mary Grimston Countess Craven (age 23).

On 09 Dec 1839 Aziza Abraham Sassoon was born to Albert aka Abdullah Sassoon 1st Baronet (age 21).

On 09 Dec 1857 Thomas Edward Milborne-Swinnerton-Pilkington 12th Baronet was born to Lionel Milborne-Swinnerton-Pilkington 11th Baronet (age 22) and Isabella Elizabeth Georgiana Kinleside Lady Milborne-Swinnerton-Pilkington.

On 09 Dec 1866 Adele Beach Grant Countess Essex was born to David Beach Grant (age 27) and Rebecca Douglas Stewart (age 31) in New York.

On 09 Dec 1867 Vivian Hugh Smith 1st Baron Bicester was born.

On 09 Dec 1932 Geoffrey Adam Shakerley 6th Baronet was born to Cyril Holland Shakerley 5th Baronet (age 35) and Elizabeth Averil Eardley-Wilmot Lady Shakerley.

Marriages on the 9th December

Before 09 Dec 1509 Thomas Fogge (age 39) and Eleanor Browne (age 24) were married.

Before 09 Dec 1618 Valentine Knightley (age 63) and Anne Unton were married.

On 09 Dec 1657 Charles Sedley 5th Baronet (age 18) and Catherine Savage were married. She the daughter of John Savage 2nd Earl Rivers and Catherine Parker.

Before 09 Dec 1678 Edward Herbert 3rd Baron Herbert Chirbury (age 45) and Ann Myddelton were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 09 Dec 1736 Sidney Beauclerk (age 33) and Mary Norris (age 38) were married. He the son of Charles Beauclerk 1st Duke St Albans and Diana Vere Duchess St Albans (age 57). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 09 Dec 1754 James Wright 1st Baronet (age 38) and Catherine Stapleton Lady Wright (age 22) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. The wedding was officiated by Abraham Joseph Rudd, Curate of St. George, Hanover. The witnesses were Sir James Wright's maternal aunt Rhoda Cotes and her third husband William Maddott.

On 09 Dec 1788 William Robert Kemp 9th Baronet (age 44) and Sarah Adcock Lady Kemp were married.

On 09 Dec 1788 Admiral William Carnegie 7th Earl of Northesk (age 32) and Mary Ricketts Countess of Northesk (age 19) were married.

On 09 Dec 1799 Robert King 1st Viscount Lorton (age 26) and Frances Parsons (age 24) were married. He the son of Robert King 2nd Earl Kingston and Caroline Fitzgerald. They were half first cousins.

On 09 Dec 1805 Charles Ethelston Nightingale 11th Baronet (age 21) and Maria Dickonson Lady Nightingale (age 16) were married. She by marriage Lady Nightingale of Newport Pond in Essex. They were half first cousins.

On 09 Dec 1811 George Paulett (age 25) and Catherine Sophia Dallas (age 22) were married. He the son of John Paulett 4th Earl Paulett (age 55).

On 09 Dec 1813 Thomas Digby Aubrey 7th Baronet (age 31) and Mary Wright (age 35) were married.

On 09 Dec 1815 Lawrence Palk 3rd Baronet (age 22) and Anna Eleanora Wrey Lady Palk (age 25) were married. She by marriage Lady Palk of Haldon House in Devon. They were first cousins.

On 09 Dec 1816 John "Radical Jack" Lambton 1st Earl Durham (age 24) and Louisa Elizabeth Grey Countess Durham (age 19) were married at Howick Hall [Map]. She the daughter of Charles Grey 2nd Earl Grey (age 52) and Mary Elizabeth Ponsonby Countess Grey (age 40).

On 09 Dec 1847 George Taylour aka Quin (age 55) and Louisa Mary Isabella Ramsden were married. He the son of Thomas Taylour 1st Marquess of Headfort and Mary Quin Marchioness of Headfort.

On 09 Dec 1857 Henry Tanworth Wells (age 28) and Joanna Mary Boyce (age 26) were married.

On 09 Dec 1858 George Wingfield Bourke (age 29) and Mary Henrietta Longley were married.

Before 09 Dec 1866 David Beach Grant (age 27) and Rebecca Douglas Stewart (age 31) were married.

On 09 Dec 1868 Francis Egerton 3rd Earl Ellesmere (age 21) and Katherine Louisa Phipps Countess Ellesmere (age 18) were married. She by marriage Countess Ellesmere. She the daughter of George Phipps 2nd Marquess Normanby (age 49) and Laura Russell Marchioness Normanby (age 52). He the son of George Leveson-Gower aka Egerton 2nd Earl Ellesmere and Mary Louisa Campbell Countess Ellesmere (age 43). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

Deaths on the 9th December

On 09 Dec 1165 Malcolm IV King Scotland (age 24) died. His brother William "Lion" I King Scotland (age 22) succeeded I King Scotland, 6th Earl Huntingdon.

On 09 Dec 1235 Robert Clare Fitzwalter died.

On 09 Dec 1242 Abbot Richard le Gras died.

On 09 Dec 1353 Amabel Fitzhugh Baroness Vavasour (age 43) died.

Before 09 Dec 1462 Alice Montagu 5th Countess of Salisbury (age 55) died. Her son Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 34) succeeded 6th Earl Salisbury, 5th Baron Montagu, 8th Baron Montagu, 7th Baron Monthermer adding to the earldom of Warwick he had already acquired through his wife some fourteen years previously. The combined earldoms of Warwick and Salisbury made Warwick the second most powerful man in the Kingdom making him Kingmaker.

After 09 Dec 1492 Joan Lumley (age 65) died.

On 09 Dec 1539 Henry Pole 1st Baron Montagu (age 47) and Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 43) were beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. Henry Courtenay 1st Marquess Exeter (age 43), his wife Gertrude Blount Marchioness of Exeter (age 36) and their son Edward Courtenay 1st Earl Devon (age 12) were attainted; Marquess Exeter, Earl Devon, Earl Devon, Baron Okehampton, Baron Courtenay forfeit.

His son was subsequently created 1st Earl Devon in 1553. Marquess Exeter, Earl Devon and Earl Devon subject to attainder.

On 09 Dec 1552 Robert Cheney (age 64) died at Chesham Bois, Buckinghamshire.

On 09 Dec 1581 John Talbot (age 32) died.

On 09 Dec 1587 Charles Arundell (age 54) died in Paris [Map].

On 09 Dec 1598 Christian Douglas (age 43) died.

On 09 Dec 1601 William Bassett (age 50) died at Blore Hall, Staffordshire. He was buried in St Bartholomew's Church, Blore [Map].

On 09 Dec 1618 Valentine Knightley (age 63) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Fawsley [Map]. Richard Knightley (age 25) inherited Fawsley Hall, Northamptonshire [Map].

On 09 Dec 1624 Archbishop Marcus Antonius de Dominis (age 64) died.

On 09 Dec 1641 Anthony Van Dyck (age 42) died.

On 09 Dec 1654 Walter Blount 1st Baronet (age 60) died at Paignton Torbay, Devon. His son George Blount 2nd Baronet (age 44) succeeded 2nd Baronet Blount of Sodington.

On 09 Dec 1679 Charles Willoughby 10th Baron Willoughby of Parham (age 10) died. The barony was wrongly considered to have been extinct. In 1680 Thomas Willoughby 11th Baron Willoughby of Parham (age 77) succeeded to the title - see here.

On 09 Dec 1684 William Wilson 1st Baronet (age 79) died. His son William Wilson 2nd Baronet (age 40) succeeded 2nd Baronet Wilson of Eastbourne in Sussex.

On 09 Dec 1702 John Chetwynd of Boughton (age 59) died.

On 09 Dec 1706 Peter II King Portugal (age 57) died. His son John V King Portugal (age 17) succeeded King Portugal.

On 09 Dec 1709 Christian Hill died.

On or before 09 Dec 1714 Margaret Ray (age 37) died.

On 09 Dec 1715 Benedetto Gennari II (age 82) died.

On 09 Dec 1722 Anne Brudenell Duchess Richmond (age 51) died.

On 09 Dec 1752 Francis Blake Delaval (age 59) died after falling down steps at his home Seaton Delaval Hall [Map].

On 09 Dec 1757 William Leigh of Adlestrop and Longborough (age 66) died.

On 09 Dec 1760 Henry Dawnay 3rd Viscount Downe (age 33) died.

On 09 Dec 1760 Bridget Bertie (age 28) died.

On 09 Dec 1762 John Hay 4th Marquess Tweedale (age 67) died. His son George Hay 5th Marquess Tweedale (age 4) succeeded 5th Marquess Tweedale, 6th Earl Tweeddale.

On 09 Dec 1770 Jane Reeve Countess Harborough (age 29) died.

On 09 Dec 1777 Donatus O'Brien died.

On 09 Dec 1782 Nicholas Bayly 2nd Baronet Bayly of Plas Newydd in Anglesey (age 73) died. His son Henry Bayly-Paget 1st Earl Uxbridge (age 38) succeeded 3rd Baronet Bayly of Plas Newydd in Anglesey. Jane Champagné Countess Uxbridge (age 40) by marriage Lady Bayly of Plas Newydd in Anglesey.

On 09 Dec 1793 Yolande Martine Gabrielle Polastron Duchess Gramont (age 44) died.

On 09 Dec 1794 Anne Foley Lady Winnington (age 51) died.

On 09 Dec 1802 Anne Lee Baroness Clifford Chudleigh (age 71) died.

On 09 Dec 1812 William Russell of Powich Court (age 62) died. He was buried at St Peter's Church, Powick.

Before 09 Dec 1825 Philip Dormer Stanhope (age 73) died. Will of Philip Dormer Stanhope of Paris, France [made in 1822] proved 09/12/1825. Under the will he said he had settled one half of his 1/4th share in the Belvedere estate after his and his wife's death on his daughter Stella Eloisa Freeman Walsh and her husband, and left the other half to a second daughter Isabella Freeman Stanhope. His trustees were Capel Cure and Edward Jarman.

PROB 11/1706/233 - precis.

Philip Dormer Stanhope of the City of Paris in France Esquire.

Capel Cure of Blake Hall in Essex Esquire and Edward Jarman of Furnivals Inn in the City of London to be my executors.

To my executors upon trust for my wife for her natural life and after that to my daughter Isabella Freeman Stanhope, her heirs and assigns forever, one moity of my fourth part or share of the Belvidere plantation in Jamaica and the slaves and appurtenances belonging thereto. The other moity has already been settled upon my daughter Stella Eloisa Freeman Walsh and her husband after the death of myself and my wife Elizabeth Stanhope.

My executors are to oversee the management of Belvidere plantation and to reimburse themselves of any expenses.

All residue of my estate to my two daughters Isabella Freeman Stanhope and Stella Eloisa Freeman Walsh equally, share and share alike.

Signed 04/03/1822.

Witnesses Philip Francis Joseph Count Walsh. Paris; Jno Coles Symes and Jas. Weston Junr, 31 Fenchurch St, London.

Proved at London 09/12/1825 by the oath of Edward Jarman Esquire.

On or before 09 Dec 1833 Joseph Kendrick (age 79) died.

On 09 Dec 1834 Harriett Bouverie Countess Camden (age 44) died.

On 09 Dec 1847 Marianna Devereux died.

On 09 Dec 1847 Helena Moore Countess Kingston (age 74) died.

On 09 Dec 1852 Peter Rouw (age 81) died.

On 09 Dec 1870 Pauline Menzies Belli Lady Beaumont (age 42) died.

On 09 Dec 1871 Laura Caroline Jane Paget Baroness Templemore (age 50) died.

On 09 Dec 1891 Andrew Crombie Ramsay (age 77) died. He was buried at St Sadwrn's Church, Llansadwrn [Map] where his grave is marked by a glacial erratic.

On 09 Dec 1900 Georgina Gertude Maria Keppel (age 58) died.

On 09 Dec 1913 John Kemys George Thomas Spencer-Churchill (age 77) died.

On 09 Dec 1913 Charles Nicholas Paul Phipps (age 68) died.

On 09 Dec 1916 Hyacinth Sinetta Cavendish-Bentinck (age 52) died.

On 09 Dec 1936 Cecil Walter Paget (age 62) died.

On 09 Dec 1941 David Arthur Coke (age 26) was killed in action at Acroma Libya.

On 09 Dec 1946 George Stapylton Barnes (age 88) died.

On 09 Dec 1957 Rhona Ankaret Estrange Countess Carlisle (age 90) died.

On 09 Dec 1958 Charles Fitzroy 4th Baron Southampton (age 91) died. His son Charles Fitzroy 5th Baron Southampton (age 54) succeeded 5th Baron Southampton.

On 09 Dec 1964 Edith Sitwell (age 77) died unmarried.

On 09 Dec 1987 Ernest Augustus Hanover (age 73) died.

On 09 Dec 2019 Elizabeth Sutherland 24th Countess of Sutherland (age 98) died.