On this Day in History ... 09 January

09 Jan is in January.

1431 Trial of Joan of Arc

1514 Death of Anne Duchess of Brittany

1536 Death of Catherine of Aragon

1684 Frost Fair

1806 Funeral of Horatio Nelson

On 15 Aug 1369 Philippa of Hainault Queen Consort England (age 55) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. Her husband King Edward III of England (age 56) and youngest son Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester (age 14) were present. She was given a state funeral six months later on 09 Jan 1370 at which she was interred at on the northeast side of the Chapel of St Edward the Confessor, Westminster Abbey [Map] at Westminster Abbey. Her alabaster effigy was executed by sculptor Jean de Liège.

Trial of Joan of Arc

On 09 Jan 1431 Joan of Arc (age 19) was tried at Rouen Castle [Map]. John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford (age 41) and Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick (age 5) were present.


On 09 Jan 1449 Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby 7th Baron Welles (age 21) and Joan Willoughby 7th Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 24) were married. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 09 Jan 1450 Bishop Adam Moleyns was lynched by a mob of discontented unpaid soldiers who dragged him from the Royal Garrison Church, Portsmouth and executed him for being a supporter of William "Jackanapes" de la Pole 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 53) and for the losses in Normandy.

On 09 Jan 1463 William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 58) died. He was buried at Gisborough Priory [Map]. No surviving legitimate issue. Earl Kent 7C 1461 extinct.

On 09 Jan 1499 John "Cicero" Hohenzollern Elector Brandenburg (age 43) died.

Death of Anne Duchess of Brittany

On 09 Jan 1514 Anne of Brittany Queen Consort France (age 36) died. She the last of the de Montfort family to hold the title (the Montfort family is a scion the Capet family; her father was descended from Louis VII King Franks. Claude Valois Orléans Queen Consort France (age 14) succeeded I Duchess Brittany. Claude (age 14) and King Francis I of France (age 19) married after which the Duchy of Brittany and the Crown of France were combined.

Death of Catherine of Aragon

Letters 1536. 09 Jan 1536. Vienna Archives. 59. Chapuys to Charles V.

Just after having finished my last letter of 30 Dec. I mounted horse to go with all possible haste "selon la grande compagnie que menvoie" to see the Queen (deceased). On my arrival she called roe at once, and that it might not be supposed her sickness was feigned and also because there was a friend of Cromwell's whom the King had sent to accompany me, or rather to spy and note all that was said and done, the Queen thought best, with my consent, that my conductor and the principal persons of the house, such as the chamberlain and steward, who had not seen her for more than a year, and several others, should be at our first interview. After I had kissed hands she took occasion to thank me for the numerous services I had done her hitherto and the trouble I had taken to come and see her, a thing that she had very ardently desired, thinking that my coming would be salutary for her, and, at all events, if it pleased God to take her, it would be a consolation to her to die under my guidance (entre mes braz) and not unprepared, like a beast. I gave her every hope, both of her health and otherwise, informing her of the offers the King had made me of what houses she would, and to cause her to be paid the remainder of certain arrears, adding, for her further consolation, that the King was very sorry for her illness; and on this I begged her to take heart and get well, if for no other consideration, because the union and peace of Christendom depended upon her life. To show this I used many arguments, as had been prearranged with another person between the Queen and me, in order that my conductor and some of the bystanders might make report of it, so that by this means they might have the greater care of her life. After some other conversation, the Queen bade me rest after the fatigue of the journey, and meanwhile she thought she could sleep a little, which she had not done for two hours altogether during the six days previous. Shortly afterwards she sent for me again, and I spent full two hours in conversation with her, and though I several times wished to leave her for fear of wearying her, I could not do so, she said it was so great a pleasure and consolation. I spent the same period of time with her every day of the four days I staid there. She inquired about the health of your Majesty and the state of your affairs, and regretted her misfortune and that of the Princess, and the delay of remedy by which all good men had suffered in person and in goods, and so many ladies were going to perdition. But, on my showing her that your Majesty could not have done better than you had done hitherto, considering the great affairs which had hindered you, and also that the delay had not been without advantages (for, besides there being some hope that the French, who formerly solicited the favour of this King, would now turn their backs, there was this, that the Pope, by reason of the death of the cardinal of Rochester, and other disorders, intended to seek a remedy in the name of the Holy See, and thus, preparations being made at the instance of the Holy See, the King could not blame her as the cause), she was quite satisfied and thought the delay had been for the best. And as to the heresies here [I said] she knew well that God said there must of necessity be heresies and slanders for the exaltation of the good and confusion of the wicked, and that she must consider that the heresies were not so rooted here that they would not soon be remedied, and that it was to be hoped that those who had been deluded would afterwards be the most firm, like St. Peter after he had tripped. of these words she showed herself very glad, for she had previously had some scruple of conscience because [the heresies] had arisen from her affair.

Having staid there four days, and seeing that she began to take a little sleep, and also that her stomach retained her food, and that she was better than she had been, she thought, and her physician agreed with her (considering her out of danger), that I should return, so as not to abuse the licence the King had given me, and also to request the King to give her a more convenient house, as he had promised me at my departure. I therefore took leave of her on Tuesday evening, leaving her very cheerful; and that evening I saw her laugh two or three times, and about half an hour after I left her she desired to have some pastime (soy recreer) with one of my men "que fait du plaisant." On Wednesday morning one of her chamber told me that she had slept better. Her physician confirmed to me again his good hope of her health, and said I need not fear to leave, for, if any new danger arose, he would inform me with all diligence. Thereupon I started, and took my journey at leisure, lest any further news should overtake me on the road; but none came. This morning I sent to Cromwell to know when I could have audience of the King his master to thank him for the good eheer he had caused to be shown me in my journey, and also to speak about the said house. He sent to inform me of the lamentable news of the death of the most virtuous Queen, which took place on Friday the morrow of the Kings, about 2 p.m. This has been the most cruel news that could come to me, especially as I fear the good Princess will die of grief, or that the concubine (age 35) will hasten what she has long threatened to do, viz., to kill her; and it is to be feared that there is little help for it. I will do my best to comfort her, in which a letter from your Majesty would help greatly. I cannot relate in detail the circumstances of the Queen's decease, nor how she has disposed of her affairs, for none of her servants has yet come. I know not if they have been detained.

This evening, on sending to tell (qu. ask?) Cromwell what they had determined to do, that I might for my part do my duty, he told my man that just as he was entering the gate he had dispatched one of his own to inform me, on the part of the King and Council, that it was determined to give her a very solemn and honorable funeral both on account of her virtue and as having been wife of Prince Arthur, and, moreover, for her lineage and relationship to your Majesty, and that, if I wished to be present, the King would send me some black cloth for myself and my servants, but that the time and place had not yet been arranged. I replied that, presuming that everything would be done duly, I agreed to be present, and that, as to the cloth, the King need not trouble himself about it, for I was provided. It is certain that they will not perform her exequies as Queen, but only as Princess, and for this reason I despatch in haste to Flanders one of my servants who will have time to go and come, that I may know how to conduct myself, for nothing will be done for 18 or 20 days. The Queen's illness began about five weeks ago, as I then wrote to your Majesty, and the attack was renewed on the morrow of Christmas day. It was a pain in the stomach, so violent that she could retain no food. I asked her physician several times if there was any suspicion of poison. He said he was afraid it was so, for after she had drunk some Welsh beer she had been worse, and that it must have been a slow and subtle poison1 for he could not discover evidences of simple and pure poison; but on opening her, indications will be seen. London, 9 Jan. 1535. Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 4.

Note 1. "Poison aterminec (qu. atermoiee ?) et artificieuse."

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Letters 1536. 09 Jan 1536. Add. MS. 28,588, f. 114. B. M. 60. Chapuys to Ortiz.

Received on the 29th ult. the Emperor's letter of the 3rd ult., and with them, the [account of the] receptions given to the Emperor in Micina and Naples.

Hearing that the Queen was very ill, went to ask the King for leave to visit her, which he obtained, with some trouble. Set off as soon as possible. Found that the Queen had been troubled with vomiting and pain in the stomach for a week, being unable to eat or sleep, except so little that it might be called nothing. She was so wasted that she could not support herself either on her feet or sitting in bed. During four days that he was with her she got better, and seemed to be much comforted by his visit. She did not cease to tell him that he had served her well, and shown the affection for her service, which she knew that he felt. She desired him to return and solicit her removal, in which the physician concurred, thinking her out of danger for the time. Returned as she wished, and to-day news came to the King that on the third day after his departure she had a relapse and died in twelve hours, which was the day before yesterday, Friday the 7th, at 2 p.m. Feels it deeply, and hopes the same fate will not happen to the Princess. Will not now mention what her Highness said, and her last wishes. Refers to his letter to Cifuentes. London, 9 Jan. 1536. Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.

Frost Fair

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Jan 1684. I went crosse the Thames on the ice, now become so thick as to beare not onely streetes of boothes, in which they roasted meate, and had divers shops of wares, quite acrosse as in a towne, but coaches, carts, and horses, passed over. So I went from Westminster Stayres to Lambeth [Map], and din'd with the Archbishop (age 66): where I met my Lord Bruce, Sir Geo. Wheeler (age 32), Coll. Cooke, and severall divines. After dinner and discourse with his Grace till evening prayers, Sir Geo. Wheeler (age 32) and I walked over the ice from Lambeth Stayres to the horse ferry.

After 09 Jan 1694 Charles Stewart 4th Earl Traquair (age 35) and Mary Maxwell Countess Traquair (age 23) were married. She by marriage Countess Traquair. She the daughter of Robert Maxwell 4th Earl Nithsdale and Lucy Douglas Countess Nithsdale (age 50). He the son of John Stewart 2nd Earl Traquair and Anne Seton. They were second cousins.

On 09 Jan 1696 Richard Jones 1st Earl Ranelagh (age 54) and Margaret Cecil Countess Ranelagh (age 24) were married. She by marriage Countess Ranelagh. The difference in their ages was 30 years. She the daughter of James Cecil 3rd Earl Salisbury and Margaret Manners Countess of Salisbury.

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On 09 Jan 1697 Gabriel Hanger 1st Baron Coleraine was born to George Hanger of Driffield in Gloucestershire and Ann Beale.

On 09 Jan 1762 Bishop Thomas Hayter (age 60) died.

PAINTINGS/HIGHMORE/Frances_Maria_Fountayne.jpgBefore 09 Jan 1777. Joseph Highmore (age 84). Portrait of Frances Maria Fountayne (age 26).

Frances Maria Fountayne: On 08 Aug 1750 she was born to Very Reverend John Fountayne Dean of York (age 36). On 27 Feb 1773 William Tatton Egerton (age 23) and Frances Maria Fountayne (age 22) were married. On 09 Jan 1777 Frances Maria Fountayne (age 26) died.

On 09 Jan 1780 Charles Manners-Sutton 1st Viscount Canterbury was born to Archbishop Charles Manners-Sutton (age 24) and Mary Thoroton. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.13%.

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George Savile 8th Baronet: On 18 Jul 1726 he was born to George Savile 7th Baronet (age 48) and Mary Pratt. On 16 Sep 1743 George Savile 7th Baronet (age 65) died. His son George Savile 8th Baronet (age 17) succeeded 8th Baronet Savile of Thornhill. On 09 Jan 1784 George Savile 8th Baronet (age 57) died. He was buried at Church of St Michael and All Angels, Thornhill. Baronet Savile of Thornhill extinct.

Funeral of Horatio Nelson

On 09 Jan 1806 the funeral of Horatio Nelson 1st Viscount Nelson was held at St Paul's Cathedral [Map].


The London Gazette 15881. 09 Jan 1806. Early in the Morning of Thursday the 9th Instant, His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales (age 43), Their Royal Highnesses the Dukes of the Blood Royal, with several of the Great Officers, and the Nobility and Gentry, in their Carriages; the Relations of the Deceased, with the Officers and others of his Household, the Officers of Armss, and a Number of Naval Officers, in Mourning Coaches, assembled in Hyde Park; having been admitted at Cumberland and Grosvenor Gates upon producing Tickets issued from the College of Arms.; and, having there been marshalled within the Rails, proceeded, One by One, across Piccadilly, into St. James's Park, by the Gate at the top of Constitution Hill, and onwards, through the Horse Guards, to the Admiralty, in the Order in which they were to move in the Procession.

The Chief Mourner, with his Supporters and Train-Bearer, and the several Naval Officers to whom Duties were assigned in the Solemnity, assembled at the Admiralty: the Seamen and Marines of the Victory, the Pensioners from Greenwich Hospital, the Watermen of the Deceased, the Six Conductors, the Messenger of the College of Arms, and the Marshal's-Men, with the Trumpets and Drums, were stationed in the Admiralty Yard.


On 09 Jan 1813 Robert Jocelyn 3rd Earl Roden (age 24) and Maria Frances Catherine Stapleton Countess Roden were married. He the son of Robert Jocelyn 2nd Earl Roden (age 56).

On 09 Jan 1831 Charlotte Boyle 20th Baroness Ros Helmsley (age 61) died. Her son Henry Fitzgerald 21st Baron Ros Helmsley (age 37) succeeded 21st Baron Ros Helmsley.

On 09 Jan 1859 Sophia Paulett Duchess of Cleveland (age 73) died. Monument in St Mary's Church, Staindrop [Map].

Sophia Paulett Duchess of Cleveland: On 16 Mar 1785 she was born to John Paulett 4th Earl Paulett (age 28) and Sophia Pocock Countess Paulett. On 18 Nov 1809 Henry Vane 2nd Duke Cleveland (age 21) and Sophia Paulett Duchess of Cleveland (age 24) were married at St George's Church, Hanover Square. She the daughter of John Paulett 4th Earl Paulett (age 53) and Sophia Pocock Countess Paulett. He the son of William Henry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland (age 43) and Catharine Margaret Powlett Countess Darlington. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. On 28 Jan 1842 William Henry Vane 1st Duke Cleveland (age 75) died. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Staindrop. His son Henry Vane 2nd Duke Cleveland (age 54) succeeded 2nd Duke of Cleveland 2C 1833, 2nd Marquess of Cleveland, 4th Earl Darlington, 4th Viscount Barnard, 6th Baron Barnard. Sophia Paulett Duchess of Cleveland (age 56) by marriage Duchess of Cleveland.

On 09 Jan 1861 Aaron Clulow Howard (age 39) died at Southport.

Aaron Clulow Howard: In 1822 he was born to John Howard (age 41) and Elizabeth m Howard (age 40).

On 09 Jan 1900 Standish Prendergast Vereker 4th Viscount Gort (age 80) died. His son John Gage Prendergast 5th Viscount Gort (age 50) succeeded 5th Viscount Gort.

On 09 Jan 1905 Cornwallis Maude 1st Earl Montalt (age 87) died.

On 09 Jan 1933 Anthony Chaplin 3rd Viscount Chaplin and Alvilde Bridges Viscountess Chaplin (age 23) were married.

On 09 Jan 1939 Murray Beauclerk 14th Duke St Albans was born to Charles Beauclerk 13th Duke St Albans (age 23) and Nathalie Chatham Walker.