On this Day in History ... 09 October

09 Oct is in October.

1192 Capture of Richard I

1329 Battle of Ardnocher

1459 Parliament of the Devils

1514 Marriage of Mary Tudor and Louis XII of France

1671 Woodcock and Flatfoot Race at Newmarket

1690 Storming of Cork

Capture of Richard I

On 09 Oct 1192 King Richard "Lionheart" I of England (age 35) left the Holy Land for England. Bad weather forced him to land at Corfu. Richard sailed from Corfu but his ship was wrecked at Aquileia from where he travelled overland.

On 09 Oct 1261 Denis I King Portugal was born to Alfonso III King Portugal (age 51) and Beatrice Queen Consort Portugal (age 19). Denis I King Portugal succeeded I King Portugal. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.41%.

On 09 Oct 1267 Alan Zouche 1st Baron Zouche Ashby was born to Roger Zouche (age 25) and Ela Longespée (age 23) at North Molton. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 09 Oct 1269 Louis Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria was born to Henry Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria I Duke Bavaria (age 33) and Elizabeth Duchess Bavaria (age 33). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 09 Oct 1296 Louis Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 27) died. His brother Stephen Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria (age 25) succeeded I Duke Bavaria.

On 09 Oct 1326 Reginald I Count Guelders (age 71) died. His son Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders (age 31) succeeded II Count Guelders.

Battle of Ardnocher

On 09 Oct 1329 Thomas Butler 1st Baron Dunboyne (age 58) was killed at the Battle of Ardnocher by the Chief of the Clan Geoghegan. His son Piers Butler 2nd Baron Dunboyne (age 35) succeeded 2nd Baron Dunboyne.

Before 09 Oct 1371 Piers Mauley 4th Baron de Mauley (age 40) and Constance Sutton Baroness Haversham (age 15) were married. She by marriage Baroness Haversham. The difference in their ages was 25 years. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 09 Oct 1381 John Neville 3rd Baron Neville of Raby (age 44) and Elizabeth Latimer 5th Baroness Latimer, Baroness Neville and Willoughby (age 24) were married. She by marriage Baroness Neville Raby. The difference in their ages was 20 years. He a great x 4 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 09 Oct 1390 John I King Castile (age 32) died. His son Henry III King Castile (age 11) succeeded III King Castile.

Before 09 Oct 1427 William Bonville 1st Baron Bonville (age 35) and Elizabeth Courtenay Baroness Bonville and Harington were married. She the daughter of Edward "Blind Earl" Courtenay 11th Earl Devon and Maud Camoys Countess Devon. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Parliament of the Devils

On 09 Oct 1459 Thomas Tresham (age 39) was elected Speaker of the House of Commons at Coventry [Map]. The primary purpose of the Parliament was to attaint the Yorkist leaders:

Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York (age 48), his sons Edward Earl of March (age 17), Edmund Earl of Rutland (age 16) were attainted, as were Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (age 59) and his sons Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 30) and John Neville 1431-1471 (age 28).

Marriage of Mary Tudor and Louis XII of France

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 09 Oct 1514. A peace betwene the King (age 23) and French King (age 52) duringe both their lives; and the Ladie Marie (age 18), sister to the King (age 23), married to the French King (age 52),d at Abireld [Map],e in Picardye, in October.f

Note c. This paragraph has been misplaced in MS. before the preceding; the Parliament did not meet till the 3rd January, 1514.

Note d. The Princess Mary (age 18) was in her seventeenth year, and her husband Louis XII (age 52), to whom she was third wife, in his fifty-fourth year.

Note e. At Abbeville [Map], in Picardy. From which place Mary (age 18), three days after her marriage, wrote letters to her brother and Wolsey.

Note f. The marriage ceremony had been preriously celebrated at Greenwich by proxy, but was not consummated till October 9th. For fuller particulars, see Ellis's Original Letters, First and Second Series.

On 09 Oct 1514 Louis XII King France (age 52) and Mary Tudor Queen Consort France (age 18) were married at Abbeville, Somme. She by marriage Queen Consort France. Thomas Grey 2nd Marquess Dorset (age 37), Thomas West 8th Baron De La Warr 5th Baron West (age 57), Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham (age 44) and his son George Brooke 9th Baron Cobham (age 17), Bishop Thomas Ruthall (age 42) and Margaret Wotton Marchioness Dorset (age 27) attended. The difference in their ages was 33 years. She the daughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England. He the son of Charles Valois Duke Orléans and Mary La Marck Duchess Orléans. They were second cousin twice removed.

On 09 Oct 1518 King Frederick I of Denmark (age 47) and Sophie of Pomerania Queen Consort of Denmark and Sweden (age 20) were married. The difference in their ages was 26 years. He the son of Christian I King Denmark and Dorothea of Brandenburg.

On 09 Oct 1529 Colin Campbell 3rd Earl Argyll (age 43) died. His son Archibald Campbell 4th Earl Argyll (age 22) succeeded 4th Earl Argyll.

On 09 Oct 1554 William Howard 1st Baron Howard (age 44) was appointed 334th Knight of the Garter by Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 38).NOTEXT

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On 09 Oct 1564 Bishop Cuthbert Scott died at Louvain.

PAINTINGS/LELY/Edward_Montagu.jpgPepy's Diary. 09 Oct 1660. This morning Sir W. Batten (age 59) with Colonel Birch (age 45) to Deptford, to pay off two ships. Sir W. Pen (age 39) and I staid to do business, and afterwards together to White Hall, where I went to my Lord, and found him in bed not well, and saw in his chamber his picture1, very well done; and am with child2 till I get it copied out, which I hope to do when he is gone to sea.

Note 1. Peter Lely (age 42). Portrait of Edward Montagu 1st Earl Sandwich (age 35) in his Garter Robes and Garter Collar.

Note 2. A figurative expression for an eager longing desire, used by Udall and by Spenser. The latest authority given by Dr. Murray in the "New English Dictionary", is Bailey in 1725.

On 09 Oct 1666 John George Wettin III Elector Saxony (age 19) and Anna Sophie Oldenburg (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Frederick III King Denmark (age 57) and Sophie Amalie Hanover Queen Consort Denmark (age 38). He the son of John George Wettin Elector Saxony (age 53). They were third cousin once removed.

On 09 Oct 1666 George Willoughby 7th Baron Willoughby (age 27) and Elizabeth Clinton Baroness De La Warr were married.

Woodcock and Flatfoot Race at Newmarket

Evelyn's Diary. 09 Oct 1671 and 10 Oct 1671. I went, after evening service, to London, in order to a journey of refreshment with Mr. Treasurer (age 41), to Newmarket, where the King (age 41) then was, in his coach with six brave horses, which we changed thrice, first, at Bishop-Stortford [Map], and last, at Chesterford; so, by night, we got to Newmarket, where Mr. Henry Jermain (age 35) (nephew to the Earl of St. Alban (age 66)) lodged me very civilly. We proceeded immediately to Court, the King (age 41) and all the English gallants being there at their autumnal sports. Supped at the Lord Chamberlain's; and, the next day, after dinner, I was on the heath, where I saw the great match run between Woodcock and Flatfoot, belonging to the King (age 41), and to Mr. Eliot, of the bedchamber, many thousands being spectators; a more signal race had not been run for many years.

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Storming of Cork

On 09 Oct 1690 Henry Fitzroy 1st Duke Grafton (age 27) was killed at Cork [Map] during the Storming of Cork. His son Charles Fitzroy 2nd Duke Grafton (age 6) succeeded 2nd Duke Grafton 1C 1675, 2nd Earl Euston, 2nd Viscount Ipswich, 2nd Baron Sudbury.

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On 08 Oct 1718 Richard Cumberland Bishop (age 86) died. He was buried the next day at Peterborough Cathedral [Map]. Sculpted by Thomas Green of Camberwell (age 59).

On 09 Oct 1718 Bishop Richard Cumberland (age 87) died.

On 09 Oct 1727 David Murray 2nd Earl Mansfield was born to David Murray 6th Viscount Stormont (age 37).

On 09 Oct 1728 James Cecil 5th Earl Salisbury (age 37) died.


On 09 Oct 1757 King Charles X of France was born to Dauphin Louis Bourbon (age 28) and Dauphine Maria Josepha of France (age 25).


On 09 Oct 1759 Harry Powlett 4th Duke Bolton (age 68) died. His son Charles Powlett 5th Duke Bolton (age 41) succeeded 5th Duke Bolton, 10th Marquess Winchester, 10th Earl Wiltshire, 10th Baron St John 1C 1539.

On 09 Oct 1771 Carlos Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 4th Duke Berwick (age 19) and Caroline Stolberg Gedern Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick (age 16) were married. She by marriage Duchess Veragua, Duchess of Liria, Duchess of Jérica, Duchess Berwick. He the son of James Fitz James 3rd Duke Berwick 10th Duke Veragua (age 52) and Maria Teresa Silva Duchess Berwick and Veragua (age 55). He a great x 2 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 09 Oct 1789 James Hamilton 8th Earl Abercorn (age 76) died. His nephew John Hamilton 1st Marquess Abercorn (age 33) succeeded 9th Earl Abercorn. Catherine Moyle Marchioness Abercorn (age 29) by marriage Countess Abercorn.

On 09 Oct 1818 Bishop Harvey Goodwin was born in King's Lynn [Map].

On 09 Oct 1830 John Williams 1st Baronet (age 68) died. Memorial at St Asaph Cathedral sculpted by Richard Westmacott (age 55). His son John Hay-Williams 2nd Baronet (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baronet Williams of Bodelwyddan in Flintshire.

John Williams 1st Baronet: On 22 Dec 1761 he was born. On 21 Oct 1791 John Williams 1st Baronet (age 29) and Margaret Williams Lady Williams (age 23) were married. On 27 Jul 1798 John Williams 1st Baronet (age 36) was created 1st Baronet Williams of Bodelwyddan in Flintshire. Margaret Williams Lady Williams (age 30) by marriage Lady Williams of Bodelwyddan in Flintshire.

John Hay-Williams 2nd Baronet: On 09 Jan 1794 he was born to John Williams 1st Baronet (age 32) and Margaret Williams Lady Williams (age 25). In 1842 John Hay-Williams 2nd Baronet (age 47) and Sarah Elizabeth Amherst (age 40) were married. She the daughter of William Pitt Amherst 1st Earl Amherst (age 68) and Sarah Archer Countess Plymouth and Amherst.

On 09 Oct 1838 Henry George Jarvis (age 29) died in Grenada, Caribbean. Memorial at St Peter's Church, Doddington [Map].

Henry George Jarvis: On 18 Feb 1809 he was born to George Ralph Payne Jarvis (age 34).

On 09 Oct 1845 Richard William Penn Curzon Howe 1st Earl Howe (age 48) and Anne Gore Countess Howe were married. She by marriage Countess Howe.

On 09 Oct 1873 Kenelm Edgcumbe 6th Earl of Mount Edgcumbe was born to Richard Edgcumbe (age 30).

On 09 Oct 1895 Henry Adelbert Wellington Fitzroy 9th Duke Beaufort (age 48) and Louise Emily Harford 9th Duchess Beaufort (age 31) were married. He the son of Henry Charles Fitzroy Somerset 8th Duke Beaufort (age 71) and Georgiana Charlotte Curzon Howe Duchess Beaufort (age 70).

On 09 Oct 1900 John Crichton-Stuart 3rd Marquess Bute (age 53) died. His son John Crichton-Stuart 4th Marquess Bute (age 19) succeeded 4th Marquess Bute, 7th Earl Bute, 4th Earl Windsor.

On 09 Oct 1905 Mary Lalle Foley 17th Baroness Berkeley was born to Colonel Frank Wigram Foley and Eva Mary FitzHardinge Milman 16th Baroness Berkeley (age 30).

After 09 Oct 1916. Memorial to Henry Wollaston Hutton at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

On 09 Oct 1935 Edward Windsor 2nd Duke Kent was born to Prince George Windsor 1st Duke Kent (age 32) and Princess Marina Glücksburg Duchess Kent (age 28). He a grandson of George V King United Kingdom. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.96%.

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On 09 Oct 1937 Ernest Louis Hesse Darmstadt Grand Duke (age 68) died.

On 09 Oct 1938 Angus Montagu 12th Duke of Manchester was born to Alexander Montagu 10th Duke of Manchester (age 36) and Nell Vere Stead Duchess Manchester (age 36).

On 09 Oct 1941 Peter Nelson 9th Earl Nelson was born to Captain John Nelson.

On 09 Oct 2007 Dudley Ryder 7th Earl of Harrowby (age 84) died. His son Dudley Adrian Conroy Ryder 8th Earl of Harrowby (age 56) succeeded 8th Earl of Harrowby.