On this Day in History ... 12 February

12 Feb is in February.

1242 Henry VII King Germany Dies Conrad I Succeeds

1352 Marriage of Charles II King Navarre and Joan Valois

1424 Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

1429 Battle of the Herrings

1499 Execution of Ralph Wulford

1517 Catherine Queen Navarre Dies Henry II Succeeds

1536 Anne Boleyn's Miscarriage

1544 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

1554 Execution of Lady Jane Grey and her Faction

1682 Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

1684 Popish Plot

1712 French Royal Family Deaths from Measles

On 12 Feb 941 Archbishop Wulfhelm died.

Chronica Majora. 12 Feb 1236. About the same time, king Henry the Third (age 28), for the salvation of his soul and the improvement of his kingdom, influenced by a spirit of justice and piety, made some new laws, and ordered them to be inviolably observed throughout his kingdom.

In the first place with respect to widows, who, after the death of their husbands were deprived of their dowry, or could not hold it and their quarentin without a plea, it was decreed, that whoever should deforce them from their dowry, from the tenements of which their husbands died possessed, and the widows should afterwards recover their dowry by plea, and the deforcing party shall be conNdcted of unjust deforcement, they shall make the damages good to the said widows, to the fall value of the dowry falling to them, from the time of the decease of their husbands to the day on which they recovered possession by judgment, and nevertheless the deforcers themselves shall be at the king's mercy. Also, all widows shall henceforth be at liberty to bequeath all the com on their land, as well from their dowries, as from other lands and tenements, saving the services which are due to their lords from their dowries and other tenements. Also, whoever shall have been disseised from his free tenement, and shall have recovered possession by assize of a new disseisin before the justiciaries, or shall have made a disseisin with their cognizance, and when disseised shall have held possession through the sheriff, if the said disseisers shall have disseised them after the circuit of the justiciaries or during the same, and shall be convicted thereof, they shall be taken and detained in a prison of our lord the king, until by him they are liberated, either by ransom or in any other manner. And the following is the form of conviction to be observed with regard to them: When the complainants come to the court, they shall have a brief from the king directed to the sheriff, in which shall be contained their evidence of the disseisin made on disseisin, and therein the Sheriff of shall be ordered to take with him the overseers of the pleas of the crown, and other legal officers, and to go in person to the tenement or pasture about which the complaint has been made, and in their presence, by jurors first, and by other neighbours and liege men, to make a careful inquisition in the matter, and if they shall discover it to be disseised as above mentioned, then they shall proceed according to the provisions before declared, but if not, then the complainants shall be at the mercy of the king, and the other party shall go away quit. The same shall be done in the case of those who recover possession by assize of the death of their predecessor; the same also shall be done in the case of all tenements recovered by juries in the king's court. Also, whereas several of the nobles of England have enfeoffed knights and their free tenants of small tenements in their manors, and have complained that they cannot effect their conveniency as regarded the residue of their manors, as of wastes, woods, and pastures, so that the feoffees might have sufficient as was proper according to their tenements, it was provided and granted, that feoffees of this kind, from whomsoever they should hereafter bring an assize of a new disseisin, if before the justiciaries it shall be proved that they have sufficient pasturage, in proportion to their tenement, together with free ingress and egress from their tenements to that pasture, they shall be content with the same, and those of whom such complaint has been made shall be satisfied with having effected their will in the matter of their waste lands, woods, and pastures; but if they say that they have not sufficient pasture or sufficient ingress and egress, then the truth shall be inquired into by assize. And if it is discovered by assize that there was any obstruction in the ingress or egress, or that the pasture was not sufficient, as aforesaid, then he shall receive possession after inspection by the jurors, so that at their discretion and on their oaths, the complainants may have sufficient pasture and free ingress and egress, in the form above stated. And the disseisers shall remain at the mercy of the king, and shall pay damages, as they used to be paid before this provision; but if it shall be found by assize that the complainants have sufficient pasture and free ingress and egress, as aforesaid, then the other party shall be allowed to do what is right with the residue, and shall depart quietly. It is also granted by our lord the king, with the consent of the nobles, that from this time, interest shall not accumulate against a minor from the time of the decease of his predecessor, whose heir he is, till he lawfully comes of age; but that on this account the payment of the principal shall not be delayed. Also, with respect to those who commit offences in parks and warrens, a discussion was entered upon, but not decided, for the nobles demanded to have each his own prison for offenders they might take in their parks and warrens; but this the king would not grant them, and therefore this remains as formerly.

Henry VII King Germany Dies Conrad I Succeeds

On 12 Feb 1242 Henry VII King Germany (age 31) died. His brother Conrad Hohenstaufen King Germany (age 13) succeeded King Germany.

On 12 Feb 1247 Erminsende Namur Countess of Bar (age 60) died. Her son Henry "Great" Luxemburg V Count Luxemburg III Count Namur (age 31) succeeded V Count Luxemburg, III Count Namur.

On 12 Feb 1266 Bishop Walter de Cantelupe (age 75) died.

On 12 Feb 1280 Bishop Nicholas Ely died.

Marriage of Charles II King Navarre and Joan Valois

On 12 Feb 1352 Charles "Bad" II King Navarre (age 19) and Joan Valois Queen Consort Navarre (age 8) were married at Chateau du Vivie, Coutevroult. She by marriage Queen Consort Navarre. She the daughter of King John "The Good" II of France (age 32) and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. He the son of Philip "Noble" III King Navarre and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre. They were second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

On 12 Feb 1424 King James I of Scotland (age 29) and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 20) were married at Southwark Cathedral [Map]. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. She the daughter of John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence (age 39). He the son of King Robert III of Scotland and Anabella Drummond Queen Consort Scotland. He a great x 5 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

1429 Battle of the Herrings

On 12 Feb 1429 John Fastolf (age 49) was at Rouvray leading a supply train of some 300 carts of crossbows, cannons, etc and also barrels of herrings to Orléans. A force of 400 strong Scottish cavalry led by Charles Bourbon I Duke Bourbon (age 28) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux (age 49) attacked the supply train and were destroyed by English archers protected by supply wagons. John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux (age 49) was killed. He was buried at Orléans Cathedral.

On 12 Feb 1438 Adolf Egmont 2nd Duke Guelders was born to Arnold Egmont 1st Duke Guelders (age 27) and Catherine La Marck (age 20) at Grave.

On 12 Feb 1449 Sigismund Habsburg 4th Duke Austria (age 21) and Eleanor Stewart Duchess Austria (age 16) were married at Merano. Eleanor Stewart Duchess Austria by marriage Duchess Austria. She the daughter of King James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland. He the son of Frederick "Empty Pockets" Habsburg 4th Duke Austria and Anna of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess Austria. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Feb 1479 Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Navarre (age 53) died.

On 12 Feb 1499 Ralph Wulford (age 20) was executed for having claimed to be Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick (age 23).

Execution of Ralph Wulford

Chronicle of Robert Fabyan 1499. 12 Feb 1499And upon Shrove Tuesday was put in execution, at Saint Thomas Watering, a stripling [Ralph Wulford (age 20)] of twenty years of age, which had himself to be the son or heir to the Earl of Warwick's lands, and was the son of a cordwainer of London.

Catherine Queen Navarre Dies Henry II Succeeds

On 12 Feb 1517 Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre (age 49) died. Her son King Henry II of Navarre (age 13) succeeded II King Navarre.

Anne Boleyn's Miscarriage

Letters 1536. 12 Feb 1536. Add. MS. 8,715, f. 205. B. M. 294. Bishop of Faenza (age 35) to the Prothonotary Ambrogio. Hears that the king of England has had a fall from his horse, and was thought to be dead for two hours. His lady (age 35) miscarried in consequence. Ital., modern copy, pp. 3. Headed: Al Signor Protonotario Ambrogio, Da Leone, li 12 Febraro 1536


Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

Henry Machyn's Diary. 12 Feb 1544. The xij day of February was mad at evere gate in Lundun a newe payre of galaus and set up, ij payre in Chepesyde, ij payr in Fletstrett [Map], one in Smythfyld [Map], one payre in Holborne, on at Ledyn-hall [Map], one at sant Magnus London [-bridge], on at Peper allay gatt, one at sant Gorgeus, on in Barunsay [Bermondsay] strett, on on Towr hylle [Map], one payre at Charyngcrosse [Map], on payre besyd Hyd parke corner.

Execution of Lady Jane Grey and her Faction

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 12 Feb 1554. The 12 of Februarie Guilforde Dudley (age 19) was beheaded at the Tower hill [Map]. And Ladie Jane (age 18) his wife was immediatlie after his death beheaded within the Tower upon the greene [Map].


On 12 Feb 1554 Guildford Dudley (age 19) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. An hour later his wife Lady Jane Grey (age 18) was beheaded at Tower Green [Map] by order of Queen Mary I (age 37). They were buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London [Map].

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Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary Feb 1554. 12 Feb 1554. The monday, being the xij th of Februarie, about ten of the clocke, ther went out of the Tower to the scaffolde on Tower hill, the lorde Guilforde Dudley (age 19), sone to the late duke of Northumberland, husbande to the lady Jane Grey (age 18), daughter to the duke of Suffolke (age 37), who at his going out tooke by the hande sir Anthony Browne (age 25), maister John Throgmorton (age 30), and many other gentyllmen, praying them to praie for him; and without the bullwarke Offeleya the sheryve receyved him and brought him to the scaffolde, where, after a small declaration, having no gostlye fatherb with him, he kneeled downe and said his praiers; then holding upp his eyes and handes to God many tymesc; and at last, after he had desyred the people to pray for him, he laide himselfe along, and his hedd upon the block, which was at one stroke of the axe taken from him.

Note, the lorde marques (age 42)d stode upon the Devyl's towre, and sawe the executyon. His carcas throwne into a carre, and his hed in a cloth, he was brought into the chappell [Map] within the Tower, wher the ladye Jane (age 18), whose lodging was in Partrige's house, dyd see his ded carcase taken out of the cart, aswell as she dyd see him before on lyve going to his deathe, a sight to hir no lessee then deathf.

Note a. Sir Thomas Offley; see note in Machyn's Diary, p. 353.

Note b. He had probably refused the attendance of a Roman Catholic priest, and was not allowed one of his own choice.

Note c. Misread by Stowe with teares.

Note d. The marquess of Northampton (age 42).

Note e. no lesse in MS., not worse as given by Stowe and Holinshed.

Note f. "Great pitie was it for the casting awaye of that fayre Ladye, whome nature had not onely so bewtified, but God also had endewed with singuler gyftes and graces, so that she ignorantly receaved that which other wittingly devised and offred unto her.

"And in like manner that comely, vertuous, and goodly gentleman the lorde Gylford Duddeley most innocently was executed, whom God had endowed with suche vertues, that even those that never before the tyme of his execution saw hym, dyd with lamentable teares bewayle his death." Grafton's Abridgment, 1563.

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary Feb 1554. 12 Feb 1554. By this tyme was ther a scaffolde made upon the grene over agaynst the White tower, for the saide lady Jane (age 18) to die apon. Who with hir husband (age 19) was appoynted to have ben put to deathe the fryday before, but was staied tyll then, for what cause is not knowen, unlesse yt were because hir father was not then come into the Tower. The saide lady, being nothing at all abashed, neither with feare of her owne deathe, which then approached, neither with the sight of the ded carcase of hir husbande, when he was brought in to the chappell, came fourthe, the levetenaunt leding hir, in the same gown wherin she was arrayned, hir countenance nothing abashed, neither her eyes enything moysted with teares, although her ij. gentylwomen, mistress Elizabeth Tylney and mistress Eleyn, wonderfully wept, with a boke in hir hande, wheron she praied all the way till she cam to the saide scaffolde, wheron when she was mounted, &c.

So far, our Diarist's narrative of this judicial tragedy has been adopted, somewhat abridged, by Stowe and Holinshed. The latter chronicler then proceeds thus (copying Grafton), "Whereon when she was mounted, this noble young ladie, as she was indued with singular gifts both of learning and knowledge, so was she as patient and mild as any lambe at hir execution, and a little before hir death uttered these words," (then giving her address to the people assembled). Whether our Diarist's conclusion," when she was mounted, &c."was intended to lead on to some other paper, written by himself or another, it is impossible to decide; but it seems not very improbable that he was also the writer of the account of the lady Jane's execution, which begins with the same words, and which was originally published in a small black-letter pamphleta entitled,

The Ende of the lady Jane Dudley, daughter of the duke of Suffolk, upon the scaffolde, at the houre of her death.

First, when she mounted upon the scaffolde, she sayd to the people standing thereabout: "Good people, I am come hether to die, and by a lawe I am condemned to the same. The facte, in dede, against the quenes highnesse was unlawfull, and the consenting thereunto by meb but touching the procurement and desyre therof by me or on my halfe, I doo wash my handes thereof in innocencie, before God, and the face of you, good Christian people, this day," and therewith she wrong [Note. wrung] her handes, in which she had hir booke. Then she sayd, "I pray you all, good Christian people, to beare me witnesse that I dye a true Christian woman, and that I looke to be saved by none other meane, but only by the mercy of God in the merites of the blood of his only sonne Jesus Christ: and I confesse, when I dyd know the word of God I neglected the same, loved my selfe and the world, and therefore this plague or punyshment is happely and worthely happened unto me for my sins; and yet 1 thank God of his goodnesse that he hath thus geven me a tyme and respet to repent. And now, good people, while I am alyve, I pray you to assyst me with your prayers."a2 And then, knelyng downe, she turned to Fecknamb2, saying, "Shall I say this psalme?" And he said, "Yea." Then she said the psalme of Miserere mei Deus in English, in most devout maner, to the end. Then she stode up, and gave her maiden mistris Tilneyc her gloves and handkercher, and her book to maister Brugesd, the lyvetenantes brother; forthwith she untyed her gown.

The hangman went to her to help her of therewith; then she desyred him to let her alone, turning towardes her two gentlewomen, who helped her off therwith, and also with her frose paasta3 and neckercher, geving to her a fayre handkercher to knytte about her eyes.

Then the hangman kneeled downe, and asked her forgevenesse, whome she forgave most willingly. Then he willed her to stand upon the strawe: which doing, she sawe the block. Then she sayd,

"I pray you dispatch me quickly." Then she kneeled down, saying, "Wil you take it of before I lay me downe?" and the hangman answered her, "No, madame." She tyed the kercher about her eys; then feeling for the blocke, saide, "What shall I do? Where is it?" One of the standers-by guyding her therunto, she layde her heade down upon the block, and stretched forth her body and said: "Lorde, into thy hands I commende my spirite!" And so she ended.

Note a. This is here copied from a reprint edited by the Rev. John Brand in the 13th volume of the Archaeologia. I have not been able to find a copy of the original. It was incorporated into the narratives of Grafton and Foxe, with some variations, which will be noticed in the ensuing notes.

Note b. Holinshed has amplified this into the following more explicit statement: "My offence agaynst the queenes highnesse was onely in consent to the device of other, which nowe is deemed treason; but it was never my seeking, but by counsell of those who shoulde seeme to have further understanding of things than I, which knewe little of the lawe, and much lesae of the tytles to the crowne."

Note a2. Another report of "lady Jane Dudley's speech on the scaffold," somewhat more verbose but not so impressive, is printed in Nicolas's Remains, &c. p. 52.

Note b2. This circumstance, that Feckenham (the new dean of St. Paul's) was attendant upon her, is suppressed by Grafton, but preserved by Foxe.

Note c. Altered by Grafton, &c. to "her mayden (called mystresse Eleyn)" that is, her other female attendant.

Note d. Grafton altered this "to mayster Bruges, then lieutenant of the Tower;" and Foxe says, "maister Bruges" only. The book is supposed to have been the same manual of English prayers which is now preserved in the British Museum as the MS. Harl. 2342; and which contains the three following notes, the two former it will be perceived addressed to the duke of Suffolk, and the last to sir John Brydges:

Your lovyng and obedyent son wischethe unto your grace long lyfe in this world, with as muche joye and comforte as ever I wyshte to my selfe, and in the world to come joy everlasting. Your most humble son tel his death. G. DUDDELEY.

The Lorde comforte your grace, and that in his worde, whearin all creatures onlye are to be comforted. And thoughe it hathe pleased God to take away ij. of your children, yet thincke not, I most humblye beseach your grace, that you have loste them, but truste that we, by leasinge this mortall life, have wunne an immortal life. And I for my parte, as I have honoured your grace in this life, wyll praye for you in another life. Youre gracys humble doughter, JANE DUDDELEY.

Forasmutche as you have desired so simple a woman to wrighte in so worthye a booke, good mayster lieuftenaunte, therefore I shall as a frende desyre you, and as a Christian require you, to call uppon God to encline your harte to his lawes, to quicken you in his waye, and not to take the worde of trewethe utterlye oute of youre mouthe. Lyve styll to dye, that by deathe you may purchase eternall life, and remembre howe the ende of Mathusael, whoe, as we reade in the scriptures, was the longeste liver that was of a manne, died at the laste: for, as the precher sayethe, there is a tyme to be borne, and a tyme to dye; and the daye of deathe is better than the daye of cure birthe. Youres, as the Lorde knowethe, as a frende, JANE DUDDELEY."

These passages (facsimiles of the first and last of which are engraved in "Autographs of Remarkable Persons," 4to. 1829, Pl. 19) were evidently written very shortly before the execution of the noble pair, as is shown by an expression in the lady Jane's address to her father; and there is every probability in sir Harris Nicolas's conjecture that this book was employed as the messenger to convey these assurances of duty and affection, when personal intercourse was denied. The duke of Suffolk was brought back to the Tower only two days before his daughter's decapitation, and it is possible that she was spared the additional pain of knowing how imminent his fate also was. From the passage addressed to the lieutenant, it would further appear that the book, "so worthye a booke," already belonged to him; if, therefore, it is the same which the lady Jane carried with her to the scaffold, she would place it in the hands of "maister Brydges" (whether the lieutenant or his brother) as returning it to its owner. In some accounts of the lady Jane's last moments it will be found stated that she gave a book to sir John Gage; this error, into which Mr. Howard in his Memoir has fallen, arises merely from a confusion of the constable with the lieutenant of the Tower, sir John Gage having been erroneously named as the lieutenant in the description of the manual in the Catalogue of the Harleian MSS. This interesting relic is a small square vellum book, now in modern binding.

Note a3. Sir Harris Nicolas (p. xci.) states that, after having taken considerable pains to ascertain the meaning of the article here named, he was inclined to coincide with a literary friend who suggested "Fronts-piece." Foxe, however, has it spelt "frowes past," which is probably "frow's paste," or matronly head-dress: the paste being a head attire worn by brides, as explained in the glossarial index to Machyn's Diary, p. 463. The term was thought probably too familiar, if not inapplicable, by Grafton, who altered it in his chronicle to "her other attyres."

On 12 Feb 1578 Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal (age 71) died.


Memoirs of Jean Francois Paul de Gondi Cardinal de Retz Book 1. On the 12th of February a herald came with two trumpeters from the Court to one of the city gates, bringing three packets of letters, one for the Parliament, one for the Prince de Conti (age 19), and the third for the Hotel de Ville. It was but the night before that a person was caught in the halls dropping libels against the Parliament and me; upon which the Parliament, Princes, and city supposed that this State visit was nothing but an amusement of Cardinal Mazarin to cover a worse design, and therefore resolved not to receive the message nor give the herald audience, but to send the King's (age 10) Council to the Queen (age 10) to represent to her that their refusal was out of pure obedience and respect, because heralds are never sent but to sovereign Princes or public enemies, and that the Parliament, the Prince de Conti (age 19), and the city were neither the one nor the other. At the same time the Chevalier de Lavalette, who distributed the libels, had formed a design to kill me and M. de Beaufort (age 33) upon the Parliament stairs in the great crowd which they expected would attend the appearance of the herald. The Court, indeed, always denied his having any other commission than to drop the libels, but I am certain that the Bishop of Dole told the Bishop of Aire, but a night or two before, that Beaufort (age 33) and I should not be among the living three days hence.

The King's (age 10) councillors returned with a report how kindly they had been received at Saint Germain. They said the Queen (age 10) highly approved of the reasons offered by the Parliament for refusing entrance to the herald, and that she had assured them that, though she could not side with the Parliament in the present state of affairs, yet she received with joy the assurances they had given her of their respect and submission, and that she would distinguish them in general and in particular by special marks of her good-will. Talon, Attorney-General, who always spoke with dignity and force, embellished this answer of the Queen (age 10) with all the ornaments he could give it, assuring the Parliament in very pathetic terms that, if they should be pleased to send a deputation to Saint Germain, it would be very kindly received, and might, perhaps, be a great step towards a peace.

When I saw that we were besieged, that the Cardinal had sent a person into Flanders to treat with the Spaniards, and that our party was now so well formed that there was no danger that I alone should be charged with courting the alliance of the enemies of the State, I hesitated no longer, but judged that, as affairs stood, I might with honour hear what proposals the Spaniards would make to me for the relief of Paris; but I took care not to have my name mentioned, and that the first overtures should be made to M. d'Elbeuf, who was the fittest person, because during the ministry of Cardinal de Richelieu he was twelve or fifteen years in Flanders a pensioner of Spain. Accordingly Arnolfi, a Bernardin friar, was sent from the Archduke Leopold, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands for the King of Spain, to the Duc d'Elbeuf, who, upon sight of his credentials, thought himself the most considerable man of the party, invited most of us to dinner, and told us he had a very important matter to lay before us, but that such was his tenderness for the French name that he could not open so much as a small letter from a suspected quarter, which, after some scrupulous and mysterious circumlocutions, he ventured to name, and we agreed one and all not to refuse the succours from Spain, but the great difficulty was, which way to get them. Fuensaldagne, the general, was inclined to join us if he could have been sure that we would engage with him; but as there was no possibility of the Parliaments treating with him, nor any dependence to be placed upon the generals, some of whom were wavering and whimsical, Madame de Bouillon pressed me not to hesitate any longer, but to join with her husband, adding that if he and I united, we should so far overmatch the others that it would not be in their power to injure us.

On 12 Feb 1655 Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton (age 25) and Mary Scrope 6th Marchioness Winchester were married. She the daughter of Emanuel Scrope 1st Earl of Sunderland and Martha Jeanes. He the son of John Paulet 5th Marquess Winchester (age 57) and Jane Savage Marchioness Winchester.


On 12 Feb 1667 Christopher Hatton 1st Viscount Hatton (age 35) and Cicely Tufton Viscountess Hatton (age 18) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Hatton. She the daughter of John Tufton 2nd Earl of Thanet and Margaret Sackville Countess Isle Thanet (age 52).

Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne (age 34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall [Map], by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark (age 22). He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Popish Plot

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Feb 1684. The Earle of Danby (age 51), late Lord Treasurer, together with the Roman Catholic Lords impeach'd of High Treason in the Popish Plot, had now their Habeas Corpus, and came out upon baile, after five yeares imprisonment in the Tower [Map]. Then were also tried and deeply fin'd Mr. Hampden and others for being suppos'd of the late Plot, for which Lord Russell and Col. Sidney suffer'd; as also the person who went about to prove that the Earle of Essex had his throat cut in the Tower by others; likewise Mr. Johnson, the author of that famous piece called Julian.

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On 12 Feb 1707 Nicholas Stratford Bishop (age 74) died.

On 12 Feb 1709 James Cecil 5th Earl Salisbury (age 17) and Anne Tufton Countess of Salisbury were married. She the daughter of Thomas Tufton 6th Earl of Thanet (age 64) and Catherine Cavendish Countess Isle Thanet (age 44). He the son of James Cecil 4th Earl Salisbury and Frances Bennett Countess of Salisbury (age 38). They were fourth cousins.

French Royal Family Deaths from Measles

On 12 Feb 1712 Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) died of measles at Versailles.

On 18 Feb 1712 Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy (age 29) died of measles contracted when nursing his wife Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) who had died six days previously.

On 08 Mar 1712, their eldest son, heir to the throne, Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany (age 5) died of measles.

The heir to the French throne their only remaining son Louis (age 1), aged two, great-grandson of the reigning monarch Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 73) succeeded his great-grandfather three years later in 1715.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 12 Feb 1718. Mr Samuel Gale (age 35) Treasurer is authorized to pay Mr Vertue (age 34) two guineas toward engraving the font of St James church. It is proposed for the second time to engrave RII'd's picture and agreed.

On 12 Feb 1734 John Newton 3rd Baronet (age 83) died. He was buried at St Michael's Church, Heydour [Map]; his monument sculpted by John Michael Rysbrack (age 39). His son Michael Newton 4th Baronet (age 39) succeeded 4th Baronet Newton of Barrs Court. Margaret Coningsby 2nd Countess Coningsby (age 25) by marriage Lady Newton of Barrs Court.

John Newton 3rd Baronet: Around 1651 he was born to John Newton 2nd Baronet (age 24) and Mary Eyre (age 24). Before 09 Jun 1680 John Newton 3rd Baronet (age 29) and Abigail Heveningham (age 20) were married. On 23 Jan 1691 John Newton 3rd Baronet (age 40) and Susanna Wharton Lady Newton (age 40) were married. On 31 Aug 1699 John Newton 2nd Baronet (age 73) died. His son John Newton 3rd Baronet (age 48) succeeded 3rd Baronet Newton of Barrs Court. Susanna Wharton Lady Newton (age 48) by marriage Lady Newton of Barrs Court.

On 12 Feb 1742 Alan Gardner 1st Baron Gardner was born at Manor House Uttoxeter.

On 12 Feb 1743 Francis Ingram Seymour-Conway 2nd Marquess Hertford was born to Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess Hertford (age 24) and Isabella Fitzroy Countess Hertford (age 16). He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

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On 12 Feb 1744 James Drummond 11th Earl Perth was born.

On 12 Feb 1781 John Hope 2nd Earl Hopetoun (age 76) died. His son James Hope Johnstone 3rd Earl Hopetoun (age 39) succeeded 3rd Earl Hopetoun.

On 12 Feb 1812 John Warren Cragg (age 24) died.

John Warren Cragg: Around 1788 he was born to John Cragg of Threekingham (age 27) and Ann Warren (age 20).

On 12 Feb 1829 Henry Valentine Stafford-Jerningham 9th Baron Stafford (age 27) and Julia Howard were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland. NOTEXT

On 12 Feb 1863 Rowland Richard Clegg-Hill 4th Viscount Hill was born to Rowland Hill aka Clegg-Hill 3rd Viscount Hill (age 29) and Mary Madax Viscountess Hill (age 33).


On 12 Feb 1881 William Lehman Ashmead-Bartlett Baron Burdett-Coutts (age 30) and Angela Burdett-Coutts 1st Baroness Burdett-Coutts (age 66) were married. He by marriage Baron Burdett-Coutts of Highgate and Brookfield in Middlesex. There were no children from the marriage. Because of her husband's American birth a clause in her stepgrandmother's will forbidding her heir to marry a foreign national was invoked and Burdett-Coutts forfeited three-fifths of her income to her sister. The difference in their ages was 36 years.


On 12 Feb 1890 Montague Peregrine Albemarle Bertie 12th Earl Lindsey (age 28) and Millicent Cox Countess Lindsey (age 27) were married. He the son of Montague Peregrine Bertie 11th Earl Lindsey (age 74) and Felicia Elizabetha Welby Countess Lindsey (age 55).

On 12 Feb 1892 Harold Lewis Henry Everard ffolkes was drowned whilst attempting to rescue a friend at King's Weir Oxford. Memorial in the Church of St Mary Hillington [Map].

Harold Lewis Henry Everard ffolkes: He was born to Reverend Henry Edward Browne ffolkes.

On 12 Feb 1910 Richard Yarde-Buller 4th Baron Churston was born to John Yarde-Buller 3rd Baron Churston (age 36) and Jessie Smither aka Denise Orme Duchess Leinster (age 24).

On 12 Feb 1933 Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet (age 73) died. Memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map]. His son Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baronet Robertson of Welbourn in Lincolnshire.

Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet: On 29 Jan 1860 he was born to Thomas Charles Robertson and Ann Dexter Beet.

Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge: On 22 Jul 1896 he was born to Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet (age 36). On 29 Apr 1974 Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge (age 77) died.

On 12 Feb 2021 John Palmer 4th Earl of Selborne (age 80) died. His son William Palmer 5th Earl of Selborne (age 50) succeeded 5th Earl Selborne.