On this Day in History ... 12th February

12 Feb is in February.

1242 Henry VII King Germany Dies Conrad I Succeeds

1352 Marriage of Charles II King Navarre and Joan Valois

1424 Marriage of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort

1429 Battle of the Herrings

1499 Execution of Ralph Wulford

1517 Catherine Queen Navarre Dies Henry II Succeeds

1536 Henry VIII Tournament Accident

1544 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

1554 Execution of Lady Jane Grey and her Faction

1682 Murder of Tom of Ten Thousand Thynne

1684 Popish Plot

1712 French Royal Family Deaths from Measles

Events on the 12th February

Chronica Majora. 12 Feb 1236. About the same time, king Henry the Third (age 28), for the salvation of his soul and the improvement of his kingdom, influenced by a spirit of justice and piety, made some new laws, and ordered them to be inviolably observed throughout his kingdom.

In the first place with respect to widows, who, after the death of their husbands were deprived of their dowry, or could not hold it and their quarentin without a plea, it was decreed, that whoever should deforce them from their dowry, from the tenements of which their husbands died possessed, and the widows should afterwards recover their dowry by plea, and the deforcing party shall be conNdcted of unjust deforcement, they shall make the damages good to the said widows, to the fall value of the dowry falling to them, from the time of the decease of their husbands to the day on which they recovered possession by judgment, and nevertheless the deforcers themselves shall be at the king's mercy. Also, all widows shall henceforth be at liberty to bequeath all the com on their land, as well from their dowries, as from other lands and tenements, saving the services which are due to their lords from their dowries and other tenements. Also, whoever shall have been disseised from his free tenement, and shall have recovered possession by assize of a new disseisin before the justiciaries, or shall have made a disseisin with their cognizance, and when disseised shall have held possession through the sheriff, if the said disseisers shall have disseised them after the circuit of the justiciaries or during the same, and shall be convicted thereof, they shall be taken and detained in a prison of our lord the king, until by him they are liberated, either by ransom or in any other manner. And the following is the form of conviction to be observed with regard to them: When the complainants come to the court, they shall have a brief from the king directed to the sheriff, in which shall be contained their evidence of the disseisin made on disseisin, and therein the Sheriff of shall be ordered to take with him the overseers of the pleas of the crown, and other legal officers, and to go in person to the tenement or pasture about which the complaint has been made, and in their presence, by jurors first, and by other neighbours and liege men, to make a careful inquisition in the matter, and if they shall discover it to be disseised as above mentioned, then they shall proceed according to the provisions before declared, but if not, then the complainants shall be at the mercy of the king, and the other party shall go away quit. The same shall be done in the case of those who recover possession by assize of the death of their predecessor; the same also shall be done in the case of all tenements recovered by juries in the king's court. Also, whereas several of the nobles of England have enfeoffed knights and their free tenants of small tenements in their manors, and have complained that they cannot effect their conveniency as regarded the residue of their manors, as of wastes, woods, and pastures, so that the feoffees might have sufficient as was proper according to their tenements, it was provided and granted, that feoffees of this kind, from whomsoever they should hereafter bring an assize of a new disseisin, if before the justiciaries it shall be proved that they have sufficient pasturage, in proportion to their tenement, together with free ingress and egress from their tenements to that pasture, they shall be content with the same, and those of whom such complaint has been made shall be satisfied with having effected their will in the matter of their waste lands, woods, and pastures; but if they say that they have not sufficient pasture or sufficient ingress and egress, then the truth shall be inquired into by assize. And if it is discovered by assize that there was any obstruction in the ingress or egress, or that the pasture was not sufficient, as aforesaid, then he shall receive possession after inspection by the jurors, so that at their discretion and on their oaths, the complainants may have sufficient pasture and free ingress and egress, in the form above stated. And the disseisers shall remain at the mercy of the king, and shall pay damages, as they used to be paid before this provision; but if it shall be found by assize that the complainants have sufficient pasture and free ingress and egress, as aforesaid, then the other party shall be allowed to do what is right with the residue, and shall depart quietly. It is also granted by our lord the king, with the consent of the nobles, that from this time, interest shall not accumulate against a minor from the time of the decease of his predecessor, whose heir he is, till he lawfully comes of age; but that on this account the payment of the principal shall not be delayed. Also, with respect to those who commit offences in parks and warrens, a discussion was entered upon, but not decided, for the nobles demanded to have each his own prison for offenders they might take in their parks and warrens; but this the king would not grant them, and therefore this remains as formerly.

On 12 Feb 1242 Henry VII King Germany (age 31) died. His half brother Conrad Hohenstaufen King Germany (age 13) succeeded King Germany.

On 12 Feb 1352 Charles "Bad" II King Navarre (age 19) and Joan Valois Queen Consort Navarre (age 8) were married at Chateau du Vivie, Coutevroult. She by marriage Queen Consort Navarre. She the daughter of King John "The Good" II of France (age 32) and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. He the son of Philip "Noble" III King Navarre and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre. They were second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 12 Feb 1424 King James I of Scotland (age 29) and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 20) were married at Southwark Cathedral [Map]. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. She the daughter of John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence (age 39). He the son of King Robert III of Scotland and Anabella Drummond Queen Consort Scotland. He a great x 5 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Feb 1429 John Fastolf (age 49) was at Rouvray leading a supply train of some 300 carts of crossbows, cannons, etc and also barrels of herrings to Orléans. A force of 400 strong Scottish cavalry led by Charles Bourbon I Duke Bourbon (age 28) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux (age 49) attacked the supply train and were destroyed by English archers protected by supply wagons. John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux (age 49) was killed. He was buried at Orléans Cathedral.

On 12 Feb 1479 Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Navarre (age 53) died.

Chronicle of Robert Fabyan 1499. 12 Feb 1499. And upon Shrove Tuesday was put in execution, at Saint Thomas Watering, a stripling [Ralph Wulford (age 20)] of twenty years of age, which had himself to be the son or heir to the Earl of Warwick's lands, and was the son of a cordwainer of London.

On 12 Feb 1517 Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre (age 49) died. Her son King Henry II of Navarre (age 13) succeeded II King Navarre.

Letters 1536. 12 Feb 1536. Add. MS. 8,715, f. 205. B. M. 294. Bishop of Faenza (age 35) to the Prothonotary Ambrogio. Hears that the king of England has had a fall from his horse, and was thought to be dead for two hours. His lady (age 35) miscarried in consequence. Ital., modern copy, pp. 3. Headed: Al Signor Protonotario Ambrogio, Da Leone, li 12 Febraro 1536

Henry Machyn's Diary. 12 Feb 1544. The xij day of February was mad at evere gate in Lundun a newe payre of galaus and set up, ij payre in Chepesyde, ij payr in Fletstrett [Map], one in Smythfyld [Map], one payre in Holborne, on at Ledyn-hall [Map], one at sant Magnus London [-bridge], on at Peper allay gatt, one at sant Gorgeus, on in Barunsay [Bermondsay] strett, on on Towr hylle [Map], one payre at Charyngcrosse [Map], on payre besyd Hyd parke corner.

On 12 Feb 1554 Guildford Dudley (age 19) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. An hour later his wife Lady Jane Grey (age 18) was beheaded at Tower Green [Map] by order of Queen Mary I (age 37). They were buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London [Map].

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary Feb 1554. 12 Feb 1554. By this tyme was ther a scaffolde made upon the grene over agaynst the White tower, for the saide lady Jane (age 18) to die apon. Who with hir husband (age 19) was appoynted to have ben put to deathe the fryday before, but was staied tyll then, for what cause is not knowen, unlesse yt were because hir father was not then come into the Tower. The saide lady, being nothing at all abashed, neither with feare of her owne deathe, which then approached, neither with the sight of the ded carcase of hir husbande, when he was brought in to the chappell, came fourthe, the levetenaunt leding hir, in the same gown wherin she was arrayned, hir countenance nothing abashed, neither her eyes enything moysted with teares, although her ij. gentylwomen, mistress Elizabeth Tylney and mistress Eleyn, wonderfully wept, with a boke in hir hande, wheron she praied all the way till she cam to the saide scaffolde, wheron when she was mounted, &c.

So far, our Diarist's narrative of this judicial tragedy has been adopted, somewhat abridged, by Stowe and Holinshed. The latter chronicler then proceeds thus (copying Grafton), "Whereon when she was mounted, this noble young ladie, as she was indued with singular gifts both of learning and knowledge, so was she as patient and mild as any lambe at hir execution, and a little before hir death uttered these words," (then giving her address to the people assembled). Whether our Diarist's conclusion," when she was mounted, &c."was intended to lead on to some other paper, written by himself or another, it is impossible to decide; but it seems not very improbable that he was also the writer of the account of the lady Jane's execution, which begins with the same words, and which was originally published in a small black-letter pamphleta entitled,

The Ende of the lady Jane Dudley, daughter of the duke of Suffolk, upon the scaffolde, at the houre of her death.

First, when she mounted upon the scaffolde, she sayd to the people standing thereabout: "Good people, I am come hether to die, and by a lawe I am condemned to the same. The facte, in dede, against the quenes highnesse was unlawfull, and the consenting thereunto by meb but touching the procurement and desyre therof by me or on my halfe, I doo wash my handes thereof in innocencie, before God, and the face of you, good Christian people, this day," and therewith she wrong [Note. wrung] her handes, in which she had hir booke. Then she sayd, "I pray you all, good Christian people, to beare me witnesse that I dye a true Christian woman, and that I looke to be saved by none other meane, but only by the mercy of God in the merites of the blood of his only sonne Jesus Christ: and I confesse, when I dyd know the word of God I neglected the same, loved my selfe and the world, and therefore this plague or punyshment is happely and worthely happened unto me for my sins; and yet 1 thank God of his goodnesse that he hath thus geven me a tyme and respet to repent. And now, good people, while I am alyve, I pray you to assyst me with your prayers."a2 And then, knelyng downe, she turned to Fecknamb2, saying, "Shall I say this psalme?" And he said, "Yea." Then she said the psalme of Miserere mei Deus in English, in most devout maner, to the end. Then she stode up, and gave her maiden mistris Tilneyc her gloves and handkercher, and her book to maister Brugesd, the lyvetenantes brother; forthwith she untyed her gown.

The hangman went to her to help her of therewith; then she desyred him to let her alone, turning towardes her two gentlewomen, who helped her off therwith, and also with her frose paasta3 and neckercher, geving to her a fayre handkercher to knytte about her eyes.

Then the hangman kneeled downe, and asked her forgevenesse, whome she forgave most willingly. Then he willed her to stand upon the strawe: which doing, she sawe the block. Then she sayd,

"I pray you dispatch me quickly." Then she kneeled down, saying, "Wil you take it of before I lay me downe?" and the hangman answered her, "No, madame." She tyed the kercher about her eys; then feeling for the blocke, saide, "What shall I do? Where is it?" One of the standers-by guyding her therunto, she layde her heade down upon the block, and stretched forth her body and said: "Lorde, into thy hands I commende my spirite!" And so she ended.

Note a. This is here copied from a reprint edited by the Rev. John Brand in the 13th volume of the Archaeologia. I have not been able to find a copy of the original. It was incorporated into the narratives of Grafton and Foxe, with some variations, which will be noticed in the ensuing notes.

Note b. Holinshed has amplified this into the following more explicit statement: "My offence agaynst the queenes highnesse was onely in consent to the device of other, which nowe is deemed treason; but it was never my seeking, but by counsell of those who shoulde seeme to have further understanding of things than I, which knewe little of the lawe, and much lesae of the tytles to the crowne."

Note a2. Another report of "lady Jane Dudley's speech on the scaffold," somewhat more verbose but not so impressive, is printed in Nicolas's Remains, &c. p. 52.

Note b2. This circumstance, that Feckenham (the new dean of St. Paul's) was attendant upon her, is suppressed by Grafton, but preserved by Foxe.

Note c. Altered by Grafton, &c. to "her mayden (called mystresse Eleyn)" that is, her other female attendant.

Note d. Grafton altered this "to mayster Bruges, then lieutenant of the Tower;" and Foxe says, "maister Bruges" only. The book is supposed to have been the same manual of English prayers which is now preserved in the British Museum as the MS. Harl. 2342; and which contains the three following notes, the two former it will be perceived addressed to the duke of Suffolk, and the last to sir John Brydges:

Your lovyng and obedyent son wischethe unto your grace long lyfe in this world, with as muche joye and comforte as ever I wyshte to my selfe, and in the world to come joy everlasting. Your most humble son tel his death. G. DUDDELEY.

The Lorde comforte your grace, and that in his worde, whearin all creatures onlye are to be comforted. And thoughe it hathe pleased God to take away ij. of your children, yet thincke not, I most humblye beseach your grace, that you have loste them, but truste that we, by leasinge this mortall life, have wunne an immortal life. And I for my parte, as I have honoured your grace in this life, wyll praye for you in another life. Youre gracys humble doughter, JANE DUDDELEY.

Forasmutche as you have desired so simple a woman to wrighte in so worthye a booke, good mayster lieuftenaunte, therefore I shall as a frende desyre you, and as a Christian require you, to call uppon God to encline your harte to his lawes, to quicken you in his waye, and not to take the worde of trewethe utterlye oute of youre mouthe. Lyve styll to dye, that by deathe you may purchase eternall life, and remembre howe the ende of Mathusael, whoe, as we reade in the scriptures, was the longeste liver that was of a manne, died at the laste: for, as the precher sayethe, there is a tyme to be borne, and a tyme to dye; and the daye of deathe is better than the daye of cure birthe. Youres, as the Lorde knowethe, as a frende, JANE DUDDELEY."

These passages (facsimiles of the first and last of which are engraved in "Autographs of Remarkable Persons," 4to. 1829, Pl. 19) were evidently written very shortly before the execution of the noble pair, as is shown by an expression in the lady Jane's address to her father; and there is every probability in sir Harris Nicolas's conjecture that this book was employed as the messenger to convey these assurances of duty and affection, when personal intercourse was denied. The duke of Suffolk was brought back to the Tower only two days before his daughter's decapitation, and it is possible that she was spared the additional pain of knowing how imminent his fate also was. From the passage addressed to the lieutenant, it would further appear that the book, "so worthye a booke," already belonged to him; if, therefore, it is the same which the lady Jane carried with her to the scaffold, she would place it in the hands of "maister Brydges" (whether the lieutenant or his brother) as returning it to its owner. In some accounts of the lady Jane's last moments it will be found stated that she gave a book to sir John Gage; this error, into which Mr. Howard in his Memoir has fallen, arises merely from a confusion of the constable with the lieutenant of the Tower, sir John Gage having been erroneously named as the lieutenant in the description of the manual in the Catalogue of the Harleian MSS. This interesting relic is a small square vellum book, now in modern binding.

Note a3. Sir Harris Nicolas (p. xci.) states that, after having taken considerable pains to ascertain the meaning of the article here named, he was inclined to coincide with a literary friend who suggested "Fronts-piece." Foxe, however, has it spelt "frowes past," which is probably "frow's paste," or matronly head-dress: the paste being a head attire worn by brides, as explained in the glossarial index to Machyn's Diary, p. 463. The term was thought probably too familiar, if not inapplicable, by Grafton, who altered it in his chronicle to "her other attyres."

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 12 Feb 1554. The 12 of Februarie Guilforde Dudley (age 19) was beheaded at the Tower hill [Map]. And Ladie Jane (age 18) his wife was immediatlie after his death beheaded within the Tower upon the greene [Map].

Chronicle of Queen Jane and Two Years of Queen Mary Feb 1554. 12 Feb 1554. The monday, being the xij th of Februarie, about ten of the clocke, ther went out of the Tower to the scaffolde on Tower hill, the lorde Guilforde Dudley (age 19), sone to the late duke of Northumberland, husbande to the lady Jane Grey (age 18), daughter to the duke of Suffolke (age 37), who at his going out tooke by the hande sir Anthony Browne (age 25), maister John Throgmorton (age 30), and many other gentyllmen, praying them to praie for him; and without the bullwarke Offeleya the sheryve receyved him and brought him to the scaffolde, where, after a small declaration, having no gostlye fatherb with him, he kneeled downe and said his praiers; then holding upp his eyes and handes to God many tymesc; and at last, after he had desyred the people to pray for him, he laide himselfe along, and his hedd upon the block, which was at one stroke of the axe taken from him.

Note, the lorde marques (age 42)d stode upon the Devyl's towre, and sawe the executyon. His carcas throwne into a carre, and his hed in a cloth, he was brought into the chappell [Map] within the Tower, wher the ladye Jane (age 18), whose lodging was in Partrige's house, dyd see his ded carcase taken out of the cart, aswell as she dyd see him before on lyve going to his deathe, a sight to hir no lessee then deathf.

Note a. Sir Thomas Offley; see note in Machyn's Diary, p. 353.

Note b. He had probably refused the attendance of a Roman Catholic priest, and was not allowed one of his own choice.

Note c. Misread by Stowe with teares.

Note d. The marquess of Northampton (age 42).

Note e. no lesse in MS., not worse as given by Stowe and Holinshed.

Note f. "Great pitie was it for the casting awaye of that fayre Ladye, whome nature had not onely so bewtified, but God also had endewed with singuler gyftes and graces, so that she ignorantly receaved that which other wittingly devised and offred unto her.

"And in like manner that comely, vertuous, and goodly gentleman the lorde Gylford Duddeley most innocently was executed, whom God had endowed with suche vertues, that even those that never before the tyme of his execution saw hym, dyd with lamentable teares bewayle his death." Grafton's Abridgment, 1563.

On 12 Feb 1578 Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal (age 71) died.

Memoirs of Jean Francois Paul de Gondi Cardinal de Retz Book 1. On the 12th of February a herald came with two trumpeters from the Court to one of the city gates, bringing three packets of letters, one for the Parliament, one for the Prince de Conti (age 19), and the third for the Hotel de Ville. It was but the night before that a person was caught in the halls dropping libels against the Parliament and me; upon which the Parliament, Princes, and city supposed that this State visit was nothing but an amusement of Cardinal Mazarin to cover a worse design, and therefore resolved not to receive the message nor give the herald audience, but to send the King's (age 10) Council to the Queen (age 10) to represent to her that their refusal was out of pure obedience and respect, because heralds are never sent but to sovereign Princes or public enemies, and that the Parliament, the Prince de Conti (age 19), and the city were neither the one nor the other. At the same time the Chevalier de Lavalette, who distributed the libels, had formed a design to kill me and M. de Beaufort (age 33) upon the Parliament stairs in the great crowd which they expected would attend the appearance of the herald. The Court, indeed, always denied his having any other commission than to drop the libels, but I am certain that the Bishop of Dole told the Bishop of Aire, but a night or two before, that Beaufort (age 33) and I should not be among the living three days hence.

The King's (age 10) councillors returned with a report how kindly they had been received at Saint Germain. They said the Queen (age 10) highly approved of the reasons offered by the Parliament for refusing entrance to the herald, and that she had assured them that, though she could not side with the Parliament in the present state of affairs, yet she received with joy the assurances they had given her of their respect and submission, and that she would distinguish them in general and in particular by special marks of her good-will. Talon, Attorney-General, who always spoke with dignity and force, embellished this answer of the Queen (age 10) with all the ornaments he could give it, assuring the Parliament in very pathetic terms that, if they should be pleased to send a deputation to Saint Germain, it would be very kindly received, and might, perhaps, be a great step towards a peace.

When I saw that we were besieged, that the Cardinal had sent a person into Flanders to treat with the Spaniards, and that our party was now so well formed that there was no danger that I alone should be charged with courting the alliance of the enemies of the State, I hesitated no longer, but judged that, as affairs stood, I might with honour hear what proposals the Spaniards would make to me for the relief of Paris; but I took care not to have my name mentioned, and that the first overtures should be made to M. d'Elbeuf, who was the fittest person, because during the ministry of Cardinal de Richelieu he was twelve or fifteen years in Flanders a pensioner of Spain. Accordingly Arnolfi, a Bernardin friar, was sent from the Archduke Leopold, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands for the King of Spain, to the Duc d'Elbeuf, who, upon sight of his credentials, thought himself the most considerable man of the party, invited most of us to dinner, and told us he had a very important matter to lay before us, but that such was his tenderness for the French name that he could not open so much as a small letter from a suspected quarter, which, after some scrupulous and mysterious circumlocutions, he ventured to name, and we agreed one and all not to refuse the succours from Spain, but the great difficulty was, which way to get them. Fuensaldagne, the general, was inclined to join us if he could have been sure that we would engage with him; but as there was no possibility of the Parliaments treating with him, nor any dependence to be placed upon the generals, some of whom were wavering and whimsical, Madame de Bouillon pressed me not to hesitate any longer, but to join with her husband, adding that if he and I united, we should so far overmatch the others that it would not be in their power to injure us.

Pepy's Diary. 12 Feb 1664. After dinner he and I to Deptford, Kent [Map], walking all the way, where we met Sir W. Petty (age 40) and I took him back, and I got him to go with me to his vessel and discourse it over to me, which he did very well, and then walked back together to the waterside at Redriffe [Map], with good discourse all the way.

Pepy's Diary. 12 Feb 1667. By and by with Lord Bruncker (age 47) by coach to his house, there to hear some Italian musique: and here we met Tom Killigrew (age 55), Sir Robert Murray (age 59), and the Italian Signor Baptista, who hath composed a play in Italian for the Opera, which T. Killigrew do intend to have up; and here he did sing one of the acts. He himself is the poet as well as the musician; which is very much, and did sing the whole from the words without any musique prickt, and played all along upon a harpsicon most admirably, and the composition most excellent. The words I did not understand, and so know not how they are fitted, but believe very well, and all in the recitativo very fine. But I perceive there is a proper accent in every country's discourse, and that do reach in their setting of notes to words, which, therefore, cannot be natural to any body else but them; so that I am not so much smitten with it as, it may be, I should be, if I were acquainted with their accent. But the whole composition is certainly most excellent; and the poetry, T. Killigrew and Sir R. Murray (age 59), who understood the words, did say was excellent. I confess I was mightily pleased with the musique. He pretends not to voice, though it be good, but not excellent.

Pepy's Diary. 12 Feb 1667. This done, T. Killigrew (age 55) and I to talk: and he tells me how the audience at his house is not above half so much as it used to be before the late fire. That Knipp is like to make the best actor that ever come upon the stage, she understanding so well: that they are going to give her £30 a-year more. That the stage is now by his pains a thousand times better and more glorious than ever heretofore. Now, wax-candles, and many of them; then, not above 3 lbs. of tallow: now, all things civil, no rudeness anywhere; then, as in a bear-garden then, two or three fiddlers; now, nine or ten of the best then, nothing but rushes upon the ground, and every thing else mean; and now, all otherwise: then, the Queen (age 28) seldom and the King (age 36) never would come; now, not the King (age 36) only for state, but all civil people do think they may come as well as any. He tells me that he hath gone several times, eight or ten times, he tells me, hence to Rome to hear good musique; so much he loves it, though he never did sing or play a note. That he hath ever endeavoured in the late King's time, and in this, to introduce good musique, but he never could do it, there never having been any musique here better than ballads. Nay, says, "Hermitt poore" and "Chevy Chese"1 was all the musique we had; and yet no ordinary fiddlers get so much money as ours do here, which speaks our rudenesse still. That he hath gathered our Italians from several Courts in Christendome, to come to make a concert for the King (age 36), which he do give £200 a-year a-piece to: but badly paid, and do come in the room of keeping four ridiculous gundilows2, he having got, the King (age 36) to put them away, and lay out money this way; and indeed I do commend him for it, for I think it is a very noble undertaking. He do intend to have some times of the year these operas to be performed at the two present theatres, since he is defeated in what he intended in Moorefields [Map] on purpose for it; and he tells me plainly that the City audience was as good as the Court, but now they are most gone. Baptista tells me that Giacomo Charissimi is still alive at Rome, who was master to Vinnecotio, who is one of the Italians that the King (age 36) hath here, and the chief composer of them.

Note 1. "Like hermit poor in pensive place obscure" is found in "The Phoenix Nest", 1593, and in Harl. MS. No. 6910, written soon after 1596. It was set to music by Alfonso Ferrabosco, and published in his "Ayres", 1609. The song was a favourite with Izaak Walton, and is alluded to in "Hudibras" (Part I, canto ii., line 1169). See Rimbault's "Little Book of Songs and Ballads", 1851, p. 98. Both versions of the famous ballad of "Chevy Chase" are printed in Percy's "Reliques"..

Note 2. The gondolas mentioned before, as sent by the Doge of Venice. See September 12th, 1661.

Pepy's Diary. 12 Feb 1667. My great wonder is, how this man do to keep in memory so perfectly the musique of the whole act, both for the voice and the instrument too. I confess I do admire it: but in recitativo the sense much helps him, for there is but one proper way of discoursing and giving the accents. Having done our discourse, we all took coaches, my Lord's and T. Killigrew's (age 55), and to Mrs. Knipp's chamber, where this Italian is to teach her to sing her part. And so we all thither, and there she did sing an Italian song or two very fine, while he played the bass upon a harpsicon there; and exceedingly taken I am with her singing, and believe that she will do miracles at that and acting. Her little girl is mighty pretty and witty. After being there an hour, and I mightily pleased with this evening's work, we all parted, and I took coach and home, where late at my office, and then home to enter my last three days' Journall; and so to supper and to bed, troubled at nothing, but that these pleasures do hinder me in my business, and the more by reason of our being to dine abroad to-morrow, and then Saturday next is appointed to meet again at my Lord Bruncker's (age 47) lodgings, and there to have the whole quire of Italians; but then I do consider that this is all the pleasure I live for in the world, and the greatest I can ever expect in the best of my life, and one thing more, that by hearing this man to-night, and I think Captain Cooke (age 51) to-morrow, and the quire of Italians on Saturday, I shall be truly able to distinguish which of them pleases me truly best, which I do much desire to know and have good reason and fresh occasion of judging.

Pepy's Diary. 12 Feb 1669. Thence to the Treasurer's; and I and Sir J. Minnes (age 69) and Mr. Tippets down to the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury, and there had a hot debate from Sir Thomas Clifford (age 38) and my Lord Ashly (age 47) (the latter of which, I hear, is turning about as fast as he can to the Duke of Buckingham's (age 41) side, being in danger, it seems, of being otherwise out of play, which would not be convenient for him), against Sir W. Coventry (age 41) and Sir J. Duncomb, who did uphold our Office against an accusation of our Treasurers, who told the Lords that they found that we had run the King (age 38) in debt £50,000 or more, more than the money appointed for the year would defray, which they declared like fools, and with design to hurt us, though the thing is in itself ridiculous. But my Lord Ashly (age 47) and Clifford did most horribly cry out against the want of method in the Office. At last it come that it should be put in writing what they had to object; but I was devilish mad at it, to see us thus wounded by our own members, and so away vexed, and called my wife, and to Hercules Pillars, Tom and I, there dined; and here there coming a Frenchman by with his Shew, we did make him shew it us, which he did just as Lacy (age 54) acts it, which made it mighty pleasant to me. So after dinner we away and to Dancre's (age 44), and there saw our picture of Greenwich, Kent [Map] in doing, which is mighty pretty, and so to White Hall, my wife to Unthank's, and I attended with Lord Brouncker (age 49) the King (age 38) and Council, about the proposition of balancing Storekeeper's accounts and there presented Hosier's book, and it was mighty well resented and approved of. So the Council being up, we to the Queen's (age 30) side with the King (age 38) and Duke of York (age 35): and the Duke of York (age 35) did take me out to talk of our Treasurers, whom he is mighty angry with: and I perceive he is mighty desirous to bring in as many good motions of profit and reformation in the Navy as he can, before the Treasurers do light upon them, they being desirous, it seems, to be thought the great reformers: and the Duke of York (age 35) do well. But to my great joy he is mighty open to me in every thing; and by this means I know his whole mind, and shall be able to secure myself, if he stands. Here to-night I understand, by my Lord Brouncker (age 49), that at last it is concluded on by the King (age 38) and Buckingham that my Lord of Ormond (age 58) shall not hold his government of Ireland, which is a great stroke, to shew the power of Buckingham and the poor spirit of the King (age 38), and little hold that any man can have of him.

On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne (age 34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall [Map], by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark (age 22). He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 12 Feb 1684 Thomas Stayner (age 19) and Dorothy Basse (age 21) were married at Temple Church, London [Map].

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Feb 1684. The Earle of Danby (age 51), late Lord Treasurer, together with the Roman Catholic Lords impeach'd of High Treason in the Popish Plot, had now their Habeas Corpus, and came out upon baile, after five yeares imprisonment in the Tower [Map]. Then were also tried and deeply fin'd Mr. Hampden and others for being suppos'd of the late Plot, for which Lord Russell and Col. Sidney suffer'd; as also the person who went about to prove that the Earle of Essex had his throat cut in the Tower by others; likewise Mr. Johnson, the author of that famous piece called Julian.

On 12 Feb 1689 Marie Louise Bourbon Queen Consort Spain (age 26) died.

On 12 Feb 1712 Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) died of measles at Versailles.

On 18 Feb 1712 Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy (age 29) died of measles contracted when nursing his wife Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) who had died six days previously.

On 08 Mar 1712, their eldest son, heir to the throne, Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany (age 5) died of measles.

The heir to the French throne their only remaining son Louis (age 1), aged two, great-grandson of the reigning monarch Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 73) succeeded his great-grandfather three years later in 1715.

On 12 Feb 1712 Felton Hervey was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 46) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 35).

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 12 Feb 1718. Mr Samuel Gale (age 35) Treasurer is authorized to pay Mr Vertue (age 34) two guineas toward engraving the font of St James church. It is proposed for the second time to engrave RII'd's picture and agreed.

On 12 Feb 1734 John Newton 3rd Baronet (age 83) died. He was buried at St Michael's Church, Heydour [Map]; his monument sculpted by John Michael Rysbrack (age 39). His son Michael Newton 4th Baronet (age 39) succeeded 4th Baronet Newton of Barrs Court. Margaret Coningsby 2nd Countess Coningsby (age 25) by marriage Lady Newton of Barrs Court.

John Newton 3rd Baronet: Around 1651 he was born to John Newton 2nd Baronet and Mary Eyre. Before 09 Jun 1680 he and Abigail Heveningham were married. On 23 Jan 1691 he and Susanna Wharton Lady Newton were married. On 31 Aug 1699 John Newton 2nd Baronet died. His son John Newton 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Newton of Barrs Court. Susanna Wharton Lady Newton by marriage Lady Newton of Barrs Court.

On 12 Feb 1766 Archbishop William Howley was born at Ropley, Hampshire.

On 12 Feb 1809 Charles Darwin was born to Robert Darwin (age 42) and Susannah Wedgwood (age 44).

On 12 Feb 1812 John Warren Cragg (age 24) died.

John Warren Cragg: Around 1788 he was born to John Cragg of Threekingham and Ann Warren.

On 12 Feb 1933 Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet (age 73) died. Memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map]. His son Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baronet Robertson of Welbourn in Lincolnshire.

Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet: On 29 Jan 1860 he was born to Thomas Charles Robertson and Ann Dexter Beet.

Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge: On 22 Jul 1896 he was born to Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet. On 29 Apr 1974 he died.

Births on the 12th February

On 12 Feb 1317 Denis Burgundy was born to Alfonso "Brave" IV King Portugal (age 26) and Beatrice Ivrea Queen Consort Portugal (age 24). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.61%.

On 12 Feb 1371 Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys was born to Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, Earl Ulster (age 19) and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster (age 15) at Usk, Monmouthshire [Map]. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Feb 1438 Adolf Egmont 2nd Duke Guelders was born to Arnold Egmont 1st Duke Guelders (age 27) and Catherine La Marck (age 20) at Grave.

On 12 Feb 1535 Cecily Gresham was born to John Gresham (age 40) and Mary Ipswell (age 40).

On or before 12 Feb 1584 Cecily Bulstrode was born to Edward Bulstrode of Hedgerley Bulstrode Buckinghamshire and Cecily Croke (age 29). She was baptised on 12 Feb 1584 at Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire.

On 12 Feb 1654 Dorothea Saxe Gotha was born to Ernest "The Pious" Saxe Gotha I Duke Saxe Gotha (age 52) and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe Altenburg Duchess Saxe Gotha (age 34) at Gotha. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.17%.

On 12 Feb 1679 John Egerton was born to Thomas Egerton (age 27) and Hester Busby.

On 12 Feb 1698 Joseph Cox was born.

On 12 Feb 1703 Euphemia Lockhart Countess Wigtown was born to George Lockhart (age 30) and Euphemia Montgomerie.

On 12 Feb 1712 Felton Hervey was born to John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 46) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 35).

On 12 Feb 1720 Barbara Maria Talbot was born to George Talbot (age 50) and Mary Fitzwilliam (age 35).

On 12 Feb 1730 Mathew Wilson was born to Mathew Wilson (age 23).

On 12 Feb 1743 Francis Ingram Seymour-Conway 2nd Marquess Hertford was born to Francis Seymour-Conway 1st Marquess Hertford (age 24) and Isabella Fitzroy Countess Hertford (age 16). He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Feb 1744 James Drummond 11th Earl Perth was born.

On 12 Feb 1748 John Smyth was born to John Smyth of Heath Hall.

On 12 Feb 1766 Archbishop William Howley was born at Ropley, Hampshire.

On 12 Feb 1775 Charles Lloyd was born to Charles Lloyd (age 26) at Birmingham.

On 12 Feb 1783 Reverend Houlton Hartwell was born to Francis Hartwell 1st Baronet (age 25) and Anna-Charlotta-Maria.

On 12 Feb 1789 Charlotte Legge was born to George Legge 3rd Earl Dartmouth (age 33) and Frances Finch Countess Dartmouth (age 28).

On 12 Feb 1792 Thomas Wilson was born to David Wilson (age 46).

On 12 Feb 1793 Frederic Bertie was born to Willoughby Bertie 4th Earl of Abingdon (age 53) and Charlotte Warren.

On 12 Feb 1795 Bishop Aubrey Spencer was born to William Robert Spencer (age 26) and Susan Jenison. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Feb 1799 Georgiana Villiers was born to George Villiers (age 39) and Theresa Parker (age 24).

On 12 Feb 1803 Villiers Somerset was born to Charles Henry Somerset (age 35) and Elizabeth Courtenay (age 36).

On 12 Feb 1809 Charles Darwin was born to Robert Darwin (age 42) and Susannah Wedgwood (age 44).

On 12 Feb 1817 Thomas Ridley of Park End was born to John Ridley of Park End (age 37).

On 12 Feb 1826 Edward Dolman Scott 6th and 5th Baronet was born to Edward Dolman Scott 2nd Baronet (age 32) and Catherine Juliana Bateman Lady Scott (age 29).

On 12 Feb 1841 Windham Wyndham-Quin 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount Earl was born to Edwin Wyndham-Quin 3rd Earl of Dunraven and Mount Earl (age 28).

On 12 Feb 1848 Herbert Perrot Murray Pakington 3rd Baron Hampton was born to John Somerset Russell aka Pakington 1st Baron Hampton (age 48).

On 12 Feb 1852 Frederick D'Abernon Vincent 15th Baronet was born to Frederick Vincent 11th Baronet (age 54) and Maria Copley Young (age 31).

On 12 Feb 1853 Charles Ottiwell Duncombe Shafto was born.

On 12 Feb 1863 Rowland Richard Clegg-Hill 4th Viscount Hill was born to Rowland Hill aka Clegg-Hill 3rd Viscount Hill (age 29) and Mary Madax Viscountess Hill (age 33).

On 12 Feb 1876 Edith Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis was born to Charles Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis 20th Baron Clinton (age 41) and Margaret Walrond Baroness Clinton (age 26).

On 12 Feb 1878 Mordaunt Leckonby Cope 16th Baronet was born to Anthony Cope 13th Baronet (age 35).

Marriages on the 12th February

On 12 Feb 1301 Philip Savoy (age 23) and Isabella Villehardouin (age 41) were married. He the son of Thomas Savoy III Count Flanders and Guia Unknown.

On 12 Feb 1352 Charles "Bad" II King Navarre (age 19) and Joan Valois Queen Consort Navarre (age 8) were married at Chateau du Vivie, Coutevroult. She by marriage Queen Consort Navarre. She the daughter of King John "The Good" II of France (age 32) and Bonne Luxemburg Queen Consort France. He the son of Philip "Noble" III King Navarre and Joan Capet II Queen Navarre. They were second cousins. He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 12 Feb 1424 King James I of Scotland (age 29) and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 20) were married at Southwark Cathedral [Map]. She by marriage Queen Consort Scotland. She the daughter of John Beaufort 1st Marquess Somerset and Dorset and Margaret Holland Duchess Clarence (age 39). He the son of King Robert III of Scotland and Anabella Drummond Queen Consort Scotland. He a great x 5 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Feb 1436 Henry "The Peaceful" Welf (age 25) and Helen La Marck were married. She the daughter of Adolph La Marck I Duke Cleves (age 62) and Marie Valois Duchess Cleves (age 43). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 12 Feb 1449 Sigismund Habsburg 4th Duke Austria (age 21) and Eleanor Stewart Duchess Austria (age 16) were married at Merano. She by marriage Duchess Austria. She the daughter of King James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland. He the son of Frederick "Empty Pockets" Habsburg 4th Duke Austria and Anna of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel Duchess Austria. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Feb 1594 Herbert Pelham (age 48) and Elizabeth West (age 20) were married at Wherwell, Hampshire. The difference in their ages was 27 years.

On 12 Feb 1655 Henry Carey and Mary Scrope 6th Marchioness Winchester were married at St Dionis Backchurch. She the daughter of Emanuel Scrope 1st Earl of Sunderland and Martha Jeanes. He the son of Henry Carey 2nd Earl Monmouth (age 59) and Martha Cranfield Countess Monmouth (age 54). They were second cousins.

On 12 Feb 1655 Charles Paulet 1st Duke Bolton (age 25) and Mary Scrope 6th Marchioness Winchester were married. She the daughter of Emanuel Scrope 1st Earl of Sunderland and Martha Jeanes. He the son of John Paulet 5th Marquess Winchester (age 57) and Jane Savage Marchioness Winchester.

On 12 Feb 1661 Francis Blake of Cogges (age 22) and Elizabeth Carr (age 21) were married.

On 12 Feb 1667 Christopher Hatton 1st Viscount Hatton (age 35) and Cicely Tufton Viscountess Hatton (age 18) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Hatton. She the daughter of John Tufton 2nd Earl of Thanet and Margaret Sackville Countess Isle Thanet (age 52).

Before 12 Feb 1679 Thomas Egerton (age 27) and Hester Busby were married. He the son of John Egerton 2nd Earl Bridgewater (age 55) and Elizabeth Cavendish Countess Bridgewater. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 12 Feb 1684 Thomas Stayner (age 19) and Dorothy Basse (age 21) were married at Temple Church, London [Map].

On 12 Feb 1709 James Cecil 5th Earl Salisbury (age 17) and Anne Tufton Countess of Salisbury were married. She the daughter of Thomas Tufton 6th Earl of Thanet (age 64) and Catherine Cavendish Countess Isle Thanet (age 44). He the son of James Cecil 4th Earl Salisbury and Frances Bennett Countess of Salisbury (age 38). They were fourth cousins.

On 12 Feb 1829 Henry Valentine Stafford-Jerningham 9th Baron Stafford (age 27) and Julia Howard were married. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Feb 1876 Ernest L Simpson aka Solomon Shipbroker (age 22) and Charlotte Gaines (age 20) were married.

On 12 Feb 1881 William Lehman Ashmead-Bartlett Baron Burdett-Coutts (age 30) and Angela Burdett-Coutts 1st Baroness Burdett-Coutts (age 66) were married. He by marriage Baron Burdett-Coutts of Highgate and Brookfield in Middlesex. There were no children from the marriage. Because of her husband's American birth a clause in her stepgrandmother's will forbidding her heir to marry a foreign national was invoked and Burdett-Coutts forfeited three-fifths of her income to her sister. The difference in their ages was 36 years.

On 12 Feb 1890 Montague Peregrine Albemarle Bertie 12th Earl Lindsey (age 28) and Millicent Cox Countess Lindsey (age 27) were married. He the son of Montague Peregrine Bertie 11th Earl Lindsey (age 74) and Felicia Elizabetha Welby Countess Lindsey (age 55).

On 12 Feb 1896 William Gervase Beckett 1st Baronet (age 30) and Mabel Theresa Duncombe (age 19) were married. They were first cousin once removed.

Before 12 Feb 1929 Arthur Lowther Pelham (age 78) and Evelyn Georgiana Cust (age 71) were married. He the son of Henry Pelham 3rd Earl Chichester and Mary Brudenell Countess Chichester.

On 12 Feb 1945 John Wynne Bankes (age 28) and Aleathea Dykes Spicer (age 26) were married.

Deaths on the 12th February

On 12 Feb 941 Archbishop Wulfhelm died.

On 12 Feb 973 Aumary Reginarids (age 48) died.

On 12 Feb 1222 Peter Bruce (age 52) died.

On 12 Feb 1242 Henry VII King Germany (age 31) died. His half brother Conrad Hohenstaufen King Germany (age 13) succeeded King Germany.

On 12 Feb 1247 Erminsende Namur Countess of Bar (age 60) died. Her son Henry "Great" Luxemburg V Count Luxemburg III Count Namur (age 31) succeeded V Count Luxemburg, III Count Namur.

On 12 Feb 1266 Bishop Walter de Cantelupe (age 75) died.

On 12 Feb 1271 William Saye (age 62) died at Rochester Castle, Kent [Map].

On 12 Feb 1280 Bishop Nicholas Ely died.

On 12 Feb 1347 Maurice Berkeley (age 49) died at Calais [Map].

On 12 Feb 1429 John Fastolf (age 49) was at Rouvray leading a supply train of some 300 carts of crossbows, cannons, etc and also barrels of herrings to Orléans. A force of 400 strong Scottish cavalry led by Charles Bourbon I Duke Bourbon (age 28) and John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux (age 49) attacked the supply train and were destroyed by English archers protected by supply wagons. John Stewart of Darnley 1st Count Évreux (age 49) was killed. He was buried at Orléans Cathedral.

On 12 Feb 1429 John Pelham (age 74) died.

On 12 Feb 1479 Eleanor Trastámara Queen Consort Navarre (age 53) died.

On 12 Feb 1486 Margaret of Austria (age 70) died.

On 12 Feb 1495 William Grey (age 50) died.

On 12 Feb 1499 Ralph Wulford (age 20) was executed for having claimed to be Edward "Last Plantagenet" York 17th Earl Warwick (age 23).

On 12 Feb 1517 Catherine Grailly I Queen Navarre (age 49) died. Her son King Henry II of Navarre (age 13) succeeded II King Navarre.

On 12 Feb 1528 William Cockayne died.

On 12 Feb 1551 George Ashby of Harefield died.

On 12 Feb 1554 Guildford Dudley (age 19) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map]. An hour later his wife Lady Jane Grey (age 18) was beheaded at Tower Green [Map] by order of Queen Mary I (age 37). They were buried at St Peter ad Vincula Church, Tower of London [Map].

On 12 Feb 1562 James Campbell 2nd of Lawers (age 64) died.

On 12 Feb 1565 Thomas Carew (age 38) died.

On 12 Feb 1567 Thomas White (age 75) died.

On 12 Feb 1571 Nicholas Throckmorton (age 56) died.

On 12 Feb 1572 Mary Gainsford (age 73) died.

On 12 Feb 1576 Duke John Albert I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (age 50) died.

On 12 Feb 1578 Catherine of Austria Queen Consort Portugal (age 71) died.

On 12 Feb 1580 Catherine Throckmorton (age 48) died.

On 12 Feb 1581 Robert Throckmorton (age 68) died.

On 12 Feb 1598 Agnes Bowes (age 58) died.

On 12 Feb 1600 Edward Denny (age 53) died. He was buried at Waltham Abbey Church.

On 12 Feb 1611 Henry Lee of Ditchley (age 77) died.

On 12 Feb 1622 Edward Waldegrave (age 56) died.

On 12 Feb 1639 Hugh Clifford of Ugbrooke (age 35) died.

On 12 Feb 1649 Thomas Bingham III (age 61) died.

Around 12 Feb 1657 Anne Stanley (age 57) died.

On 12 Feb 1682 Thomas "Tom of Ten Thousand" Thynne (age 34) was shot and killed while riding in his coach along Pall Mall [Map], by three men, Christopher Vratz, John Stern and Charles George Borosky who were believed to be acting for her lover the Swedish Count Karl Johann von Königsmark (age 22). He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map].

On 12 Feb 1683 Edward Brett (age 75) died at Blendon Hall, Bexley.

On 12 Feb 1683 Richard Browne 1st Baronet (age 78) died at Charlton, Kent. He was buried at St. Baronet Browne of Deptford in Kent extinct.

On or before 12 Feb 1687 Esther Watts died. She was buried at St Paul's Church, Deptford.

On 12 Feb 1689 Marie Louise Bourbon Queen Consort Spain (age 26) died.

On 12 Feb 1690 Charles Le Brun (age 70) died.

On 12 Feb 1703 Oliver Style 3rd Baronet (age 24) died. His half brother Thomas Style 4th Baronet (age 18) succeeded 4th Baronet Style of Wateringbury in Kent.

On 12 Feb 1707 Nicholas Stratford Bishop (age 74) died.

On 12 Feb 1711 Edward Barkham 3rd Baronet died without issue. Baronet Barkham Waynflete extinct.

On 12 Feb 1712 Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) died of measles at Versailles.

On 18 Feb 1712 Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy (age 29) died of measles contracted when nursing his wife Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) who had died six days previously.

On 08 Mar 1712, their eldest son, heir to the throne, Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany (age 5) died of measles.

The heir to the French throne their only remaining son Louis (age 1), aged two, great-grandson of the reigning monarch Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 73) succeeded his great-grandfather three years later in 1715.

Before 12 Feb 1717 John Savile of Methley (age 72) died.

On 12 Feb 1722 Edward Boughton 5th Baronet (age 33) died.

On 12 Feb 1729 George Lascelles (age 48) died at Fenchurch Street [Map].

On 12 Feb 1734 John Newton 3rd Baronet (age 83) died. He was buried at St Michael's Church, Heydour [Map]; his monument sculpted by John Michael Rysbrack (age 39). His son Michael Newton 4th Baronet (age 39) succeeded 4th Baronet Newton of Barrs Court. Margaret Coningsby 2nd Countess Coningsby (age 25) by marriage Lady Newton of Barrs Court.

John Newton 3rd Baronet: Around 1651 he was born to John Newton 2nd Baronet and Mary Eyre. Before 09 Jun 1680 he and Abigail Heveningham were married. On 23 Jan 1691 he and Susanna Wharton Lady Newton were married. On 31 Aug 1699 John Newton 2nd Baronet died. His son John Newton 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Newton of Barrs Court. Susanna Wharton Lady Newton by marriage Lady Newton of Barrs Court.

On 12 Feb 1754 Albinia Bertie died.

On 12 Feb 1761 Richard "Beau King of Bath" Nash (age 86) died in Bath, Somerset [Map]. He was buried in Bath Abbey [Map].

On 12 Feb 1763 Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de Marivaux (age 75) died.

On 12 Feb 1781 John Hope 2nd Earl Hopetoun (age 76) died. His son James Hope Johnstone 3rd Earl Hopetoun (age 39) succeeded 3rd Earl Hopetoun.

On 12 Feb 1785 Mary Tufton Countess Gower died.

On 12 Feb 1795 Thomas Grosvenor (age 60) died.

On 12 Feb 1801 Lucia Cary (age 38) died.

On 12 Feb 1811 John Smyth (age 63) died.

On 12 Feb 1812 John Warren Cragg (age 24) died.

John Warren Cragg: Around 1788 he was born to John Cragg of Threekingham and Ann Warren.

On 12 Feb 1815 Bennet Wallop (age 70) died.

On 12 Feb 1829 Amelia Hobart (age 56) died.

On 12 Feb 1841 Astley Paston Cooper 1st Baronet (age 72) died at around 1pm at his house on Conduit Street. He was interred in the crypt of the Chapel of Thomas Guy, St Thomas Street (on the site now shared by King's College London and Guy's Hospital). His nephew Astley Paston Cooper 2nd Baronet (age 43) succeeded 2nd Baronet Cooper of Gadesbridge in Hertfordshire.

On 12 Feb 1856 Reverend Augustus Fitzroy (age 46) died.

On 12 Feb 1860 General William Francis Napier (age 74) died.

On 12 Feb 1869 Elizabeth Lowther died.

On 12 Feb 1870 Catherine Isabella Drummond died.

On 12 Feb 1877 Anne Trollope died.

On 12 Feb 1880 Georgiana Lygon Countess Longford (age 82) died.

On 12 Feb 1885 Edward Cecil Curzon (age 72) died.

On 12 Feb 1886 Catherine Herbert Countess Dunmore (age 71) died.

On 12 Feb 1894 Simon Yorke III (age 82) died.

On 12 Feb 1900 Emily Chapman Countess Asburnham died.

On 12 Feb 1905 Louis Huth (age 83) died.

On 12 Feb 1907 Henry Francis Pelham (age 60) died.

On 12 Feb 1929 Arthur Lowther Pelham (age 78) died.

On 12 Feb 1929 Emilie Charlotte Le Breton "Lily Langtry" (age 75) died.

On 12 Feb 1933 Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet (age 73) died. Memorial at Lincoln Cathedral [Map]. His son Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge (age 36) succeeded 2nd Baronet Robertson of Welbourn in Lincolnshire.

Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet: On 29 Jan 1860 he was born to Thomas Charles Robertson and Ann Dexter Beet.

Brian Robertson 1st Baron Robertson of Oakridge: On 22 Jul 1896 he was born to Field Marshal William Robertson 1st Baronet. On 29 Apr 1974 he died.

On 12 Feb 1938 Major Ernest Charles Penn Curzon (age 81) died.

On 12 Feb 1944 Olive Eleanor Custance (age 70) died.

On 12 Feb 1956 Ella Priestly (age 70) died.

On 12 Feb 1964 Katherine Helen Elizabeth Trefusis (age 82) died.

On 12 Feb 2010 Suzanne Marie Fesq Duchess St Albans (age 88) died.

On 12 Feb 2012 Hersey Coke (age 96) died.

On 12 Feb 2021 John Palmer 4th Earl of Selborne (age 80) died. His son William Palmer 5th Earl of Selborne (age 50) succeeded 5th Earl Selborne.