On this Day in History ... 12th March

12 Mar is in March.

1470 Welles' Rebellion and Battle of Losecoat Field aka Empingham

1672 Attack on the Smyrna Fleet

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 12th March

On 12 Mar 604 Pope Gregory I (age 64) died.

Calendars. 12 Mar 1461. Westminster Palace [Map]. Commission to the king's kinsman Richard, Earl of Warwick (age 32), to receive deserters from the party of King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 39) and to cause proclamations to be made to the effect, and to seize the possessions of all recusants. By K (age 18) by word of mouth.

On 12 Mar 1470 King Edward IV of England (age 27) commanded at the Battle of Losecoat Field (Empingham). The battle apparently didn't take place since the army of Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles fled in the face of the Royal army. The name 'Losecoat' not contemporary; Battle of Empingham may be. Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles was captured with documents describing the fomenting of rebellion by Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 41) and George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 20).

On 12 Mar 1470 Thomas Dymoke (age 42) was beheaded at Queen's Cross, Stamford.

On 12 Mar 1470 Richard Welles 7th Baron Welles, Baron Willoughby (age 42). Note. Some sources say on battlefield immediately prior to the battle. Robert Welles 8th Baron Willoughby 8th Baron Welles succeeded 8th Baron Welles.

On 12 Mar 1487 William Gascoigne (age 35) died at Gawthorpe Hall [Map]. All Saints Church Harewood [Map]. Monument to William Gascoigne (age 35) and Margaret Percy (age 40). Fluted Period. Alabaster chest tomb with a fine array of weepers, possibly their children although too many, women one side, nine men the other, one of which appears with angels wings, possible children and spouses. He wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with unusual O links. Clean shaved, no bascinet, his head resting on a helm with bulls head crest. His armour plate over which there appears to be, unusually for the period, a tabard.  The left hand side of his face appears disfigured. Possibly a war wound. She wearing the widow's barbe. Note. Gardner describes this monument as being to Sir John Nevill of Womersley, died 1482. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Angels Supporting Pillow.

William Gascoigne: Around 1452 he was born to William Gascoigne XIII and Joan Neville at Gawthorpe Hall. Before 1467 William Gascoigne and Margaret Percy were married. She the daughter of Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland. They were half second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. In 1478 he was appointed Knight of the Bath. In 1480 William Gascoigne received a license to crenellate at Gawthorpe Hall.

Margaret Percy: Around 1447 she was born to Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Mar 1539 Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 62) died. He was buried at St Peter's Church, Hever. His monument has a brass. He is depicted dressed in full robes wearing the insignia of a Knight of the Garter, with the Badge on his left breast and the Garter around his left knee. His head rests on a helm surmounted by a crest of a falcon displayed (his daughter's heraldic badge) and his feet rest on a griffin. The inscription reads: Here lieth Sir Thomas Bullen, Knight of the Order of the Garter, Erle of Wilscher and Erle or Ormunde, which decessed the 12th dai of Marche in the iere of our Lorde 1538. Earl Wiltshire, Earl Ormonde and Viscount Rochford extinct. His considerable wealth and properties were inherited were his grand-daughter Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 5) and his daughter Mary Boleyn (age 40).

On 12 Mar 1560. [Some sources say 25 Feb 1560] Catherine Blount (deceased) died. On 11 Aug 1580 Maurice Berkeley (age 74) died. Church of St Mary, Bruton [Map]. Elizabethan Period recumbent effigies of himself and his two wives Catherine Blount (deceased) and Elizabeth Sands (age 27) in an Easter sepulchre-type recess with double round arched front, Corinthian pilasters and strapwork panels. Ruff. Panel with quartered arms 1 Berkeley Arms 2 probably Tiptoft Arms, possibly Wotton Arms 3 Unknown Arms 4 probably Babington Arms, possibly Zouche Arms differenced with a label three points, overall a Crescent.

Catherine Blount: John Champernowne and she were married. Around 1518 she was born to William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy and Alice Keble Baroness Mountjoy. After 1541 Maurice Berkeley and she were married. Henry Machyn's Diary. 12 Mar 1560. The xij day of Marche was bered at Dyttun my lade Barkeley, the wyff of ser Mores Barthelay knyght, with a penon of armes and a iiij dosen of skochyons, and a harold of armes, master Rychemond.

Elizabeth Sands: In 1533 she was born to Anthony Sands of Throwley in Kent. In 1562 Maurice Berkeley and she were married. The difference in their ages was 27 years. On 16 Jun 1585 she died at Berkeley House. She was buried at the St James' Church, Clerkenwell where a monument was constructed. Before 16 Jun 1685 she was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

On 12 Mar 1626 John Aubrey was born to Richard Aubrey.

On 12 Mar 1634 Francis Ferdinand Habsburg Spain was born to Philip IV King Spain (age 28) and Elisabeth Bourbon Queen Consort Spain (age 31). Coefficient of inbreeding 4.39%.

On 12 Mar 1634 Francis Ferdinand Habsburg Spain died.

Pepy's Diary. 12 Mar 1668. Up, and to the office, where all the morning, at noon home, and after dinner with wife and Deb., carried them to Unthanke's, and I to Westminster Hall [Map] expecting our being with the Committee this afternoon about Victualling business, but once more waited in vain. So after a turn or two with Lord Brouncker (age 48), I took my wife up and left her at the 'Change [Map] while I to Gresham College, there to shew myself; and was there greeted by Dr. Wilkins (age 54), Whistler, and others, as the patron of the Navy Office, and one that got great fame by my late speech to the Parliament. Here I saw a great trial of the goodness of a burning glass, made of a new figure, not spherical (by one Smithys, I think, they call him), that did burn a glove of my Lord Brouncker's (age 48) from the heat of a very little fire, which a burning glass of the old form, or much bigger, could not do, which was mighty pretty. Here I heard Sir Robert Southwell (age 32) give an account of some things committed to him by the Society at his going to Portugall, which he did deliver in a mighty handsome manner1. Thence went away home, and there at my office as long as my eyes would endure, and then home to supper, and to talk with Mr. Pelling, who tells me what a fame I have in the City for my late performance; and upon the whole I bless God for it. I think I have, if I can keep it, done myself a great deal of repute. So by and by to bed.

Note 1. At the meeting of the Royal Society on March 12th, 1668, "Mr. Smethwick's glasses were tried again; and his telescope being compared with another longer telescope, and the object-glasses exchanged, was still found to exceed the other in goodness; and his burning concave being compared with a spherical burning-glass of almost twice the diameter, and held to the fire, it burnt gloves, whereas the other spherical ones would not burn at all".-"Sir Robert Southwell (age 32) being lately returned from Portugal, where he had been ambassador from the King (age 37), and being desired to acquaint the society with what he had done with respect to the instructions, which he had received from them before his departure from England, related, that he had lodged the astronomical quadrant, which the society had sent to Portugal to make observations with there, with a body of men at Lisbon, who had applied themselves among other kinds of literature to mathematics" (Birch's "History of the Royal Society", vol. ii., p. 256).

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Mar 1672. Now was the first blow given by us to the Dutch convoy of the Smyrna fleet, by Sir Robert Holmes (age 32) and Lord Ossory (age 37), in which we received little save blows, and a worthy reproach for attacking our neighbors ere any war was proclaimed, and then pretending the occasion to be, that some time before, the Merlin yacht chancing to sail through the whole Dutch fleet, their Admiral did not strike to that trifling vessel. Surely, this was a quarrel slenderly grounded, and not becoming Christian neighbors. We are likely to thrive, accordingly. Lord Ossory (age 37) several times deplored to me his being engaged in it; he had more justice and honor than in the least to approve of it, though he had been over-persuaded to the expedition. There is no doubt but we should have surprised this exceeding rich fleet, had not the avarice and ambition of Holmes (age 32) and Spragge (age 52) separated themselves, and willfully divided our fleet, on presumption that either of them was strong enough to deal with the Dutch convoy without joining and mutual help; but they so warmly plied our divided fleets, that while in conflict the merchants sailed away, and got safe into Holland.

On 12 Mar 1672 Admiral John Holmes (age 32), commanding The Gloucester, and Thomas Butler 6th Earl Ossory (age 37) attacked the Dutch Smyrna Fleet on its return from the Mediterranean beginning the Third Anglo-Dutch War.

On 12 Mar 1673 Margaret Theresa Habsburg Holy Roman Empress (age 21) died.

Evelyn's Diary. 12 Mar 1686. A docquet was to be seal' d importing a lease of 21 yeares to one Hall, who styl'd himselfe his Ma*'s (age 52) printer (he lately turn'd Papist) for the printing Missalls, Offices, Lives of Saints, Portals, Primers, &c. books expressly forbidden to be printed or sold, by divers Acts of Parliament; I refus'd to put the seale to it, making my exceptions, so it was laied by.

On 12 Mar 1764 Charles Philip Yorke was born to Charles Yorke (age 41) and Agneta Johnson (age 23).

Archaeologia Volume 3 Section XXX. Extract of a Letter from the Reverend Mr. George Low, to Mr. Paton, of Edinburgh. Communicated by Mr. Gough. Read at the Society of Antiquaries, March 12, 19, 1773.

After 12 Mar 1868. Monument to General Mildmay Fane (deceased) at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck. Inscription ... In memory of General Mildmay Fane 7th son of the Honble H. Fane of Fulbeck who served in the Peninsula at the Battle of Vittoria, Assault & Capture of San Sebastian and the Battle of the Nile, also in the Campaign of 1815 including the Battle of Quatre Bras in which he was wounded. Died March 12th 1868, aged 73. This tablet was erected by officers of the 54th Regiment who served under him as their commanding officer between 1828 and 1851 in token of their great esteem for his memory and of honour , respect and love with which they regarded him.

Births on the 12th March

On 12 Mar 1096 Canute Lavard was born to Eric I King Denmark (age 36).

On 12 Mar 1266 William Dacre was born to Ranulph Dacre (age 20) at Dacre, Cumberland.

On 12 Mar 1270 Charles Valois I Count Valois was born to Philip "Bold" III King France (age 24) and Isabella Barcelona Queen Consort France (age 22). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 12 Mar 1281 John Nesle V Count Soissons was born to John Nesle IV Count Soissons and Marguerite Rumigny Countess Soissons.

Around 12 Mar 1312 John de Vere 7th Earl of Oxford was born to Alphonse Vere and Jane Foliot.

On 12 Mar 1336 Edward Duke Guelders was born to Reginald "Black" II Duke Guelders (age 41) and Eleanor of Woodstock Plantagenet (age 17). He a grandson of King Edward II of England.

On 12 Mar 1367 Mary Percy Baroness Ros Helmsley was born to Henry Percy 11th and 3rd Baron Percy (age 46) and Joan Orreby Baroness Percy (age 18).

On 12 Mar 1369 John Arderne was born to Thomas Arderne (age 32) and Catherine Stafford (age 31) at Aldford [Map].

On 12 Mar 1370 Joan FitzPiers was born to Baldwin FitzPiers of Glenfield.

On 12 Mar 1385 Isabel Plantagenet was born to Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester (age 30) and Eleanor Bohun Duchess Gloucester (age 19). She a granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 1.67%.

On 12 Mar 1386 Blanche Arderne was born to Thomas Arderne (age 49) at Aldford [Map].

On 12 Mar 1397 William Heron was born to John Heron of Thornton (age 37).

On 12 Mar 1479 Giuliano Medici Duke Nemours was born to Lorenzo de Medici (age 30) and Clarice Orsini (age 29) at Florence, Italy.

On or before 12 Mar 1572 Charles Leigh was born to John Leigh of Addington and Joan Oliph.

On 12 Mar 1573 Agnes Hedwig of Anhalt was born to Joachim Ernest Prince of Anhalt (age 36).

On 12 Mar 1612 Elizabeth Knightley was born to Richard Knightley (age 32) and Jane Littleton (age 25).

On 12 Mar 1626 John Aubrey was born to Richard Aubrey.

On 12 Mar 1633 John Evelyn 1st Baronet was born to John Evelyn (age 42).

On 12 Mar 1634 Francis Ferdinand Habsburg Spain was born to Philip IV King Spain (age 28) and Elisabeth Bourbon Queen Consort Spain (age 31). Coefficient of inbreeding 4.39%.

Before 12 Mar 1671 Samuel Edwin was born to Humphrey Edwin (age 29) and Elizabeth Sambrooke.

On 12 Mar 1690 George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield was born to Edward Lee 1st Earl Lichfield (age 27) and Charlotte Fitzroy Countess Lichfield (age 25). He a grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Mar 1701 Wilhelm Saxe Coburg Altenburg was born to Frederick Saxe Coburg Altenburg II Duke Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 24) and Magdalena Augusta Anhalt Zerbst Anhaltzerbst Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg at Gotha.

On 12 Mar 1708 Brook Bridges 2nd Baronet was born to Brook Bridges 1st Baronet (age 28).

On 12 Mar 1711 Katherine Turing was born to Reverend Walter Turing.

On 12 Mar 1712 John Shirley was born to Robert Shirley 1st Earl Ferrers (age 61) and Selina Finch Countess Ferrers (age 30).

On 12 Mar 1718 Joseph Damer 1st Earl Dorchester was born to Joseph Damer (age 42).

On 12 Mar 1749 or 13 Mar 1749 William Robert Fitzgerald 2nd Duke Leinster was born to James Fitzgerald 1st Duke Leinster (age 27) and Emilia Mary Lennox Duchess Leinster (age 17) at Arlington Place. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Mar 1752 Charles Hastings 1st Baronet was born illegitimately to Francis Hastings 10th Earl Huntingdon (age 22) at Paris [Map]. His mother was a famous French courtesan, la demoiselle Lany, "danseuse de l'Opéra".

On 12 Mar 1753 William Strickland 6th Baronet was born to George Strickland 5th Baronet (age 24).

On 12 Mar 1764 Charles Philip Yorke was born to Charles Yorke (age 41) and Agneta Johnson (age 23).

On 12 Mar 1768 Arthur Guiness was born to Arthur Guiness (age 42).

On 12 Mar 1772 William Hay 17th Earl Erroll was born to James Hay 15th Earl Erroll (age 45) and Isabella Carr Countess Erroll.

On 12 Mar 1798 Charles Abbot 2nd Baron Colchester was born to Charles Abbot 1st Baron Colchester (age 40).

On 12 Mar 1798 Hender Molesworth-St Aubyn was born to Reverend John Molesworth (age 34) and Catherine St Aubyn. Coefficient of inbreeding 7.81%.

On 12 Mar 1824 Thomas Molyneux Royds was born to Reverend Edward Royds (age 33) and Mary Molyneux (age 31). He was baptised at St Oswald's Church, Brereton [Map] on 17 Jun 1824.

On 12 Mar 1828 Trevor Wheler 11th Baronet was born to Francis Wheler 10th Baronet (age 26) and Caroline Palmer at Muttra, India.

Before 12 Mar 1832 Reverend William Pollexfen Bastard was born to Edmund Pollexfen Bastard (age 47) and Anne Jane Rodney.

On 12 Mar 1853 Esmé Stuart Gordon was born to Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly (age 61) and Maria Antoinetta Pegus Marchioness Huntly (age 32).

On 12 Mar 1854 Edith Katherine Manners was born to John James Robert Manners 7th Duke Rutland (age 35) and Catherine Louise Georgina Marlay (age 23). Her mother died three weeks later. On 24 Mar 1854 Edith Katherine Manners died.

On 12 Mar 1860 Colonel Alfred Nathaniel Curzon was born to Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon 4th Baron Scarsdale (age 28) and Blanche Pocklington Senhouse Baroness Scarsdale (age 22).

On 12 Mar 1863 Gabriele D'Annunzio was born.

On 12 Mar 1869 George Beresford Plumptre was born to Major John Bridges Plumptre (age 36) and Elizabeth Wright (age 33).

On 12 Mar 1872 Maurice George Carr Glyn was born to Pascoe Charles Glyn (age 38) and Carolina Henrietta Hale.

On 12 Mar 1882 Harry Martin Grey 5th Baronet was born to Captain Harry George Grey (age 29).

On 12 Mar 1919 Lieutenant Michael William Hicks-Beach was born to William Guy Hicks-Beach (age 27).

On 12 Mar 1943 Robin Bush was born.

Marriages on the 12th March

On 12 Mar 1237 William Jülich IV Count Jülich (age 27) and Margaret Guelders Countess Jülich were married. She by marriage Countess Jülich. He would, thirteen years later, marry her sister Richardis Guelders Countess Jülich (age 22); an example of Married to Two Siblings. She the daughter of Gerard III Count Guelders and Margaret Reginar Countess Guelders. He the son of William Jülich III Count Jülich and Matilda Luxemburg Countess Jülich. They were third cousins. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England.

On 12 Mar 1352 William de Moleyns (age 21) and Margery Bacon (age 16) were married at Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire.

Before 12 Mar 1369 Thomas Arderne (age 32) and Catherine Stafford (age 31) were married.

Before 12 Mar 1407 John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl of Shrewsbury (age 24) and Maud Neville 6th Baroness Furnivall (age 14) were married. He by marriage Baron Furnivall. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 12 Mar 1558 George Gordon 5th Earl Huntley and Anne Hamilton Countess Huntley (age 23) were married. She the daughter of James Hamilton 2nd Earl Arran (age 42) and Margaret Douglas Duchess Châtellerault. He the son of George Gordon 4th Earl Huntley (age 44). They were second cousins.

Before 12 Mar 1561 Christopher Plunkett 6th Baron Killeen (age 38) and Ellice Barnewell (age 28) were married. They were second cousins.

On 12 Mar 1703 Philip Sherard 2nd Earl Harborough (age 23) and Anne Pedley Countess Harborough (age 28) were married.

On 12 Mar 1713 Richard Mill 5th Baronet (age 23) and Mary Knollys were married.

Before 12 Mar 1716 Philip Herbert (age 51) and Marianne Finch were married.

Before 12 Mar 1727 Nicholas Garrard 3rd Baronet (age 72) and Cecilia Stede were married.

On 12 Mar 1751 Charles Wyndham 2nd Earl Egremont (age 40) and Alicia Carpenter Countess Egremont (age 25) were married. She by marriage Countess Egremont.

On 12 Mar 1768 Topham Beauclerk (age 28) and Diana Spencer Viscountess St John and Bolingbroke (age 33) were married. She the daughter of Charles Spencer 3rd Duke of Marlborough and Elizabeth Trevor Duchess of Marlborough. He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 12 Mar 1789 Richard Myddelton (age 63) and Euphemia Crawford of Pall Mall were married.

On 12 Mar 1901 William Horsley-Beresford 4th Baron Decies (age 36) and Maria Gertrude Willoughby were married.

Deaths on the 12th March

On 12 Mar 604 Pope Gregory I (age 64) died.

On 12 Mar 951 Bishop Ælfheah "The Bald" died. He was buried at Winchester Old Minster.

On 12 Mar 996 Odo Blois I Count Blois (age 46) died. His son Theobald Blois II Count Blois (age 11) succeeded II Count Blois.

On 12 Mar 1298 Maud Ferrers died.

On 12 Mar 1310 William Leybourne 1st Baron Leybourne (age 68) died at Criccieth Castle [Map].

After 12 Mar 1325 Jeanne Brienne died.

On 12 Mar 1331 Edmund Peverell (age 24) died.

On 12 Mar 1344 Thomas Grey (age 64) died at Glendale [Map].

On 12 Mar 1422 Ralph Eure (age 72) died.

On 12 Mar 1439 Richard Chamberlain (age 47) died.

On 12 Mar 1445 John Jacob Marquis of Montferrat (age 49) died. His son John IV Marquis of Montferrat (age 31) succeeded IV Marquis Montferrat.

On 12 Mar 1447 Joan Bardolf (age 56) died.

On 12 Mar 1447 Beatrix Wittelsbach (age 44) died.

On 12 Mar 1463 George Douglas 4th Earl Angus (age 36) died. His son Archibald "Bell the Cat" Douglas 5th Earl Angus (age 14) succeeded 5th Earl Angus.

Around 12 Mar 1465 Elizabeth Chaworth Baroness Scrope Masham (age 74) died.

On 12 Mar 1470 Thomas Dymoke (age 42) was beheaded at Queen's Cross, Stamford.

On 12 Mar 1484 Dulcia Trafford (age 67) died.

On 12 Mar 1487 William Gascoigne (age 35) died at Gawthorpe Hall [Map]. All Saints Church Harewood [Map]. Monument to William Gascoigne (age 35) and Margaret Percy (age 40). Fluted Period. Alabaster chest tomb with a fine array of weepers, possibly their children although too many, women one side, nine men the other, one of which appears with angels wings, possible children and spouses. He wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with unusual O links. Clean shaved, no bascinet, his head resting on a helm with bulls head crest. His armour plate over which there appears to be, unusually for the period, a tabard.  The left hand side of his face appears disfigured. Possibly a war wound. She wearing the widow's barbe. Note. Gardner describes this monument as being to Sir John Nevill of Womersley, died 1482. Chest with Weepers. Chest with Angels with Rounded Wings holding Shields. Angels Supporting Pillow.

William Gascoigne: Around 1452 he was born to William Gascoigne XIII and Joan Neville at Gawthorpe Hall. Before 1467 William Gascoigne and Margaret Percy were married. She the daughter of Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland. They were half second cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. In 1478 he was appointed Knight of the Bath. In 1480 William Gascoigne received a license to crenellate at Gawthorpe Hall.

Margaret Percy: Around 1447 she was born to Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland and Eleanor Poynings Countess Northumberland. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 12 Mar 1491 Robert Chamberlayne (age 53) was beheaded at Tower Hill [Map].

On 12 Mar 1503 Margaret Chideock (age 71) died.

On 12 Mar 1539 Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 62) died. He was buried at St Peter's Church, Hever. His monument has a brass. He is depicted dressed in full robes wearing the insignia of a Knight of the Garter, with the Badge on his left breast and the Garter around his left knee. His head rests on a helm surmounted by a crest of a falcon displayed (his daughter's heraldic badge) and his feet rest on a griffin. The inscription reads: Here lieth Sir Thomas Bullen, Knight of the Order of the Garter, Erle of Wilscher and Erle or Ormunde, which decessed the 12th dai of Marche in the iere of our Lorde 1538. Earl Wiltshire, Earl Ormonde and Viscount Rochford extinct. His considerable wealth and properties were inherited were his grand-daughter Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 5) and his daughter Mary Boleyn (age 40).

On 12 Mar 1554 Richard Gernon (age 64) died.

On 12 Mar 1560. [Some sources say 25 Feb 1560] Catherine Blount (deceased) died. On 11 Aug 1580 Maurice Berkeley (age 74) died. Church of St Mary, Bruton [Map]. Elizabethan Period recumbent effigies of himself and his two wives Catherine Blount (deceased) and Elizabeth Sands (age 27) in an Easter sepulchre-type recess with double round arched front, Corinthian pilasters and strapwork panels. Ruff. Panel with quartered arms 1 Berkeley Arms 2 probably Tiptoft Arms, possibly Wotton Arms 3 Unknown Arms 4 probably Babington Arms, possibly Zouche Arms differenced with a label three points, overall a Crescent.

Catherine Blount: John Champernowne and she were married. Around 1518 she was born to William Blount 4th Baron Mountjoy and Alice Keble Baroness Mountjoy. After 1541 Maurice Berkeley and she were married. Henry Machyn's Diary. 12 Mar 1560. The xij day of Marche was bered at Dyttun my lade Barkeley, the wyff of ser Mores Barthelay knyght, with a penon of armes and a iiij dosen of skochyons, and a harold of armes, master Rychemond.

Elizabeth Sands: In 1533 she was born to Anthony Sands of Throwley in Kent. In 1562 Maurice Berkeley and she were married. The difference in their ages was 27 years. On 16 Jun 1585 she died at Berkeley House. She was buried at the St James' Church, Clerkenwell where a monument was constructed. Before 16 Jun 1685 she was appointed Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland.

Between 12 Mar 1561 and 08 Jun 1561 Christopher Plunkett 6th Baron Killeen (age 38) died. His half brother James Plunkett 7th Baron Killeen (age 19) succeeded 7th Baron Killeen.

On 12 Mar 1567 Margaret Habsburg Spain (age 31) died.

On 12 Mar 1589 Thomas Fane (age 79) died.

On 12 Mar 1590 John Lennard (age 84) died in Chevening, Sevenoaks.

On 12 Mar 1597 William Newport aka Hatton (age 37) died.

On 12 Mar 1607 Agnes Hohenzollern died.

On 12 Mar 1634 Francis Ferdinand Habsburg Spain died.

On 12 Mar 1642 Thomas Walmesley (age 68) died.

Before 12 Mar 1655 Sarah Blount Countess Leicester (age 73) died.

Before 12 Mar 1663 Richard Lumley 1st Viscount Lumley (age 73) died. His grandson Richard Lumley 1st Earl Scarborough (age 13) succeeded 2nd Viscount Lumley.

On 12 Mar 1666 Eleanor Dutton (age 69) died.

On 12 Mar 1673 Margaret Theresa Habsburg Holy Roman Empress (age 21) died.

On 12 Mar 1693 William Tichborne died.

On 12 Mar 1703 Aubrey de Vere 20th Earl of Oxford (age 76) died. Earl of Oxford extinct.

On 12 Mar 1704 George Oldenburg (age 1) died.

On 12 Mar 1716 Philip Herbert (age 51) died.

On 12 Mar 1723 Anne Christine Wittelsbach (age 19) died.

On 12 Mar 1727 Nicholas Garrard 3rd Baronet (age 72) died. Baronet Garrard of Langford in Norfolk extinct.

On 12 Mar 1729 William Gore (age 59) died.

On 12 Mar 1751 Henry Lowther 3rd Viscount Lonsdale (age 57) died unmarried. Viscount Lonsdale in Westmoreland extinct.

On 12 Mar 1754 William Hanmer (age 49) died.

On 12 Mar 1782 Mary Edwards Baroness Middleton died.

On 12 Mar 1786 Barbara Herbert Countess Powis (age 50) died.

On 12 Mar 1820 Charlotte Affleck Lady Dolben died.

On 12 Mar 1825 Admiral Charles Powell Hamilton (age 77) died.

On 12 Mar 1828 Mary Jervis (age 91) died.

On 12 Mar 1832 Alexander Baring (age 21) died.

On 12 Mar 1833 Francis Mathew 2nd Earl Landaff (age 65) died without issue. Earl Llandaff of Thomastown in Tipperary extinct.

On 12 Mar 1834 Samuel Smith (age 79) died.

On 12 Mar 1845 Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Venables-Vernon (age 49) died.

On 12 Mar 1856 George Irby 3rd Baron Boston (age 78) died. His son George Ives Irby 4th Baron Boston (age 53) succeeded 4th Baron Boston, 5th Baronet Irby of Whaplode and Boston. Fanny Elizabeth Hopkins-Northey Baroness Boston (age 47) by marriage Baroness Boston.

On 12 Mar 1864 Frances Susan Reeve (age 5) died.

On 12 Mar 1867 Robert Bourke 5th Earl of Mayo (age 70) died.

On 12 Mar 1868 General Mildmay Fane (age 73) died from a fall from a horse whilst hunting. He was unmarried.

On 12 Mar 1874 Caroline Paget Duchess Richmond (age 77) died.

On 12 Mar 1885 Curtis Miranda Lampson 1st Baronet (age 78) died.

On 12 Mar 1885 Charles Sabine Thellusson (age 63) died.

On 12 Mar 1894 Elizabeth Frances Milles (age 66) died.

On 12 Mar 1899 Nathaniel Alexander Staples 10th Baronet (age 81) died.

On 12 Mar 1932 Robert Charles Bentinck (age 56) died.

On 12 Mar 1937 Eevleen Tennant (age 80) died.

On 12 Mar 1940 Louisa Frost (age 79) died.

On 12 Mar 1948 Gertrude Stansfeld Foster Marchioness Normanby died.

On 12 Mar 1950 Charles Littleton (age 77) died.

On 12 Mar 1952 Francis Henry Cecil Weld-Forester (age 81) died.

On 12 Mar 1990 Rosamond Nina Lehmann (age 89) died.

On 12 Mar 1997 William Hare 5th Earl of Listowel (age 90) died. His son Francis Hare 6th Earl of Listowel (age 32) succeeded 6th Earl Listowel in County Kerry.