On this Day in History ... 14th March

14 Mar is in March.

1369 Battle of Montiel

1471 King Edward lands at Ravenspur

1757 Execution of Admiral John Byng

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 14th March

On 14 Mar 1190 twin boys Robert Capet and Philip Capet were born to King Philip II of France (age 24) and Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France (age 19). The eldest Robert died the same day, the youngest Philip died three days later. Their mother Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France (age 19) died from childbirth the day after the birth.

On 14 Mar 1362 Richard Willoughby (age 72) died. He was buried at St Mary & All Saints Church, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds [Map].

On 14 Mar 1369 the army of Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile (age 35) defeated that of his half-brother Peter "Cruel" I King Castile (age 34) at the Battle of Montiel. Henry "Fratricide" II King Castile 1334-1379's army was commanded by Bertrand Geusclin (age 49). Peter "Cruel" I King Castile (age 34) escaped to the castle of Montiel, La Mancha.

On 14 Mar 1424 Archibald Douglas 1st Duke Touraine (age 52) arrived at La Rochelle with an army following a request from Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 21) for aid.

Warkworth's Chronicle 1470. 14 Mar 1471. And in the secunde weke of Marche, the xlix. yere of the regne of Kynge Herry the vjte, and in the x. yere of the regne of Kynge Edwarde the iiijte, the same Kynge Edwarde toke his schippynge in Flaunders, and hade withe hym the Lorde Hastynges and the Lorde Say, and ix. c. of Englismenne and three hundred of Flemmynges with hande-gonnes, and sailed toward England, and hade grete troble uppon the see with stormys, and lost a schyppe withe horse; and purpost to have londede in Northfolke, and one of the Earl [of] Oxenfordes brother withe the comons of the cuntre arose up togedere, and put hym abake to the see ageyne. And after that, at he was so trobled in the see, that he was fayne to londe in Yorkeschyre at Ravenys-spore [Map]1; and there rose ageyns hym alle the cuntre of Holdernes, whose capteyne was a preste, and a persone in the same cuntre called Sere Jhon Westerdale, whiche aftyrwarde for his abused disposycion was casten in presone in the Marchalse at Londone by the same Kynge Edwarde: for the same preste mett Kynge Edwarde and askede the cause of his landynge; and he answeryde that he came thedere by the Earl of Northumberlondes avyse, and schewede the Earls lettere y-send to hym, &c. undere his seale; and also he came for to clayme the Duchery of Yorke, the whiche was his inherytaunce of ryght, and so passed forthe to the cite of Yorke, where Thomas Clyfford lete hym inne, and ther he was examynede ayenne; and he seyde to the mayre and aldermenne and to alle the comons of the cite, in likewyse as he was afore in Holdernes at his landyng: that was to sey, that [he] never wulde clayme no title2, ne take uppone honde to be Kynge of England, nor wulde have do afore that tyme, but be excitynge and sturing of the Earl of Warwick (age 42); and therto afore alle peple, he cryed "A! Kynge Herry! A! Kynge and Prynce Edwarde! " and wered ane estryche feder, Prynce Edwardes lyvery. And after this he was sufferd to passe the cite, and so helde his wey southwarde, and no man lettyd hym ne hurtyde hym.

Note 1. At Ravenyspore. See Mr. Jones's Essay on the Rival Roses, p. xxv.

Note 2. Nevere wulde clayme no title. He took a solemn oath to that effect; Cf. MS. Sloan. 3479, and MS. Harl. 2408.

On 14 Mar 1471 King Edward IV of England (age 28) landed at Ravenspur [Map] with William Hastings 1st Baron Hastings (age 40).

Memoirs of Philip de Commines Book 3 Chapter VII. 14 Mar 1471. King Edward set sail for England in the year 1471, at the same time as the Duke of Burgundy marched towards Amiens against the King of France. The duke was of opinion that the affairs of England could not go amiss for him, since he was sure of friends on both sides. King Edward was no sooner landed, but he marched directly for London, where he had above 2000 of his party in sanctuary; among whom were 300 or 400 knights and esquires, who were of great advantage to his affairs, for he brought over with him a small number of forces.

Note 1. He embarked at Ter Veere on the 2nd of March, 1471, and landed at Ravenspur on the 14th of the same month.

History of the Arrival of Edward IV Part 2. 14 Mar 1471.The same night followinge, upon the morne, Wenesday, and Thursday the xiiij. daye of Marche, fell great stormes, wynds and tempests upon the sea, so that the sayde xiiij. day, in great torment, he came to Humbrehede, where the othar shipps were dissevered from hym, and every from other, so that, of neccessitye, they were dryven to land, every fere from other. The Kynge, with his shippe aloone, wherein was the Lord Hastings, his Chambarlayne, and other to the nombar of vc well chosen men, landed within Humber, on Holdernes syde, at a place callyd Ravenersporne, even in the same place where sometime the Usurpowr Henry of Derby, aftar called Kynge Henry IV. landed, aftar his exile, contrary and to the dissobeysance of his sovereigne lord, Kynge Richard the II. whome, aftar that, he wrongfully distressed, and put from his reigne and regalie, and usurped it falsely to hymselfe and to his isswe, from whome was linially descended Kynge Henry, at this tyme usinge and usurpinge the coronoe, as sonne to his eldest sonne, somtyme callyd Kynge Henry the V. The Kynge's brothar Richard, Duke of Glowcestar, and, in his company iijc men, landyd at an othar place iiij myle from thens. The Earle Rivers, and the felowshipe beinge in his companye, to the nombar of ijc, landyd at a place called Powle, xiiij myle from there the Kynge landyd, and the reminaunt of the felowshipe wher they myght best get land. That night the Kynge was lodgyd at a power village, ij myle from his landynge, with a few with hym; but that nyght, and in the morninge, the resydewe that were comen in his shipe, the rage of the tempest somewhate appeasyd, landyd and alwaye drewe towards the Kynge. And on the morne, the xv. day of Marche, from every landynge place the felowshipe came hoole toward hym. As to the folks of the countrye there came but right few to hym, or almost none, for, by the scuringe8 of suche persons as for that cawse were, by his said rebells, sent afore into thos partes for to move them to be agains his highnes, the people were sore endwsed to be contrary to hym, and not to receyve, ne accepe hym, as for theyr Kynge; natwithstondynge, for the love and favour before they had borne to the prince of fulnoble memorye, his father, Duke of Yorke, the people bare hym right great favowr to be also Duke of Yorke, and to have that of right apartayned unto hym, by the right of the sayde noble prince his fathar. And, upon this opinion, the people of the countrie, whiche in greate nombar, and in dyvars placis, were gatheryd, and in harnes, redye to resiste hym in chalenginge of the Royme and the crowne, were disposyd to content them selfe, and in noo wyse to annoy hym, ne his felowshipe, they affirmynge that to such entent were [they] comen, and none othar. Whereupon, the hoole felowshipe of the Kynges comen and assembled togethar, he toke advise what was best to doo, and concludyd brifely, that, albe it his enemies and chefe rebells were in the sowthe partes, at London and ther about, and that the next way towards them had to be by Lyncolneshire, yet, in asmooche as, yf they shulde have taken that waye, they must have gon eft sones to the watar agayne, and passyd ovar Humbar, whiche they abhoryd for to doo; and also, for that, yf they so dyd it would have be thowght that they had withdrawn them for feare, which note of sklaundar they wer right lothe to suffar; for thes, and othar goode considerations, they determined in themselves not to goo agayne to the watar, but to holde the right waye to his City of Yorke. The Kynge determined also, that, for as longe as he shuld be in passynge thrughe and by the contrye, and to the tyme that he myght, by th'assistaunce of his trew servaunts, subiects and lovars, whiche he trustyd veryly in his progres shuld come unto hym, be of suche myght and puissaunce as that were lykly to make a sufficient party, he and all thos of his felowshipe, shuld noyse, and say openly, where so evar they came, that his entent and purpos was only to clame to be Duke of Yorke, and to have and enjoy th'enheritaunce that he was borne unto, by the right of the full noble prince his fathar, and none othar. Thrwghe whiche noysynge the people of the contrye that were gatheryd and assembled in dyvars placis, to the number of vi or vij thowsand men, by the ledinge and gwydynge of a priste9 the vycar of-------, in one place, and a gentleman of the same contrye, callyd Martyn of the See10, to th'entent to have resisted and lettyd hym his passage, by the stiringe of his rebells, theyr complices, and adherents, toke occasyon to owe and beare hym favowre in that qwarell, not discoveringe, ne rememberinge, that his sayd fathar, bisydes that he was rightfully Duke of Yorke, he was also verrey trew and rightwise enheritoure to the roylme and corone of England &c. so he was declared by [the] iij astates of the land11, at a parliament holden at Westmynster, unto this day never repelled, ne revoked. And, under this manar, he kepinge furthe his purpos with all his felowshipe, toke the right way to a gode towne, called Beverley, being in his high way towards Yorke. He sent to an othar gode towne, walled, but vj myle thens, called Kyngstown upon Hull, desyringe th'enhabitants to have openyd it unto hym, but they refused so to doo, by the meanes and stirings of his rebells, whiche aforne had sent thethar, and to all the contrye, strict commendements willing, and also charginge, them, at all their powers, to withstonde the Kynge, in caase he there aryved. And, therefore, levinge that towne, he kept his way forthe streight to Yorke. And nere this way were also assembled great compaignies in divars places, muche people of the contrie, as it was reported, but they cam not in syght, but all they suffred hym to pas forthe by the contrye; eythar, for that he had all his felowshipe pretended by any manar langage none othar qwarell but for the right that was his fathars, the Duke of Yorke; or ells, for that, thowghe they were in nombar mo than he, yet they durst not take upon them to make hym any manifest warre, knowynge well the great curage and hardines that he was of, with the parfete asswrance of the felowshipe that was with hym; or ells, paradventure, for that certayne of theyr captaines and garders12 were some whate enduced to be the more benivolent for money that the Kynge gave them; wherfore the Kynge, keping furthe his way, cam beforn Yorke, Monday the xviij. day of the same monithe. Trewthe is that aforne the Kynge came at the citie, by iij myles, came unto him one callyd Thomas Coniers, Recordar of the citie, whiche had not bene afore that named trwe to the Kynges partie. He tolde hym that it was not good for hym to come to the citie, for eyther he shuld not be suffred to enter, or els, in caas he enteryd, he was lost, and undone, and all his. The Kynge, seeing so ferforthly he was in his ionrey that in no wyse he might goo backe with that he had begone, and that no good myght folowe but only of hardies13 , decreed in hymselfe constantly to purswe that he had begon, and rathar to abyde what God and good fortune would gyve hym, thwoghe it were to hym uncertayne, rathar than by laches, or defaulte of curage, to susteyne reprooche, that of lyklihode shulde have ensued; And so, therfore, notwithstondinge the discoraginge words of the Recordar, which had be afore suspecte to hym and his partie, he kept boldely forthe his ionrey, streyght towards the citie. And, within a while, came to hym, owt of the citie, Robart Clifford and Richard Burghe, whiche gave hym and his felowshipe bettar comforte, affirmynge, that in the qwarell aforesayde of his fathar the Duke of Yorke, he shuld be receyvyd and sufferyd to passe; whereby, better somewhate encoragyd, he kepte his waye; natheles efte sonnes cam the sayde Coniers, and put hym in lyke discomforte as afore. And so, sometyme comfortyd and sometyme discomfortyd, he came to the gates of the citie14, where his felashipe made a stoppe, and himself and xvj or xvij persons, in the ledings of the sayde Clifford and Richard Burgh passed even in at the gates, came to the worshipfull folks whiche were assembled a little within the gates, and shwed them th'entent and purpos of his comming, in suche forme, and with such maner langage, that the people contentyd htem therwithe, and so receyvyd hym, and all his felawshipe, that night, when he and all his feloshipe abode and were refreshed well to they had dyned on the morne, and than departed out of the citie to Tadcastar, a towne of th'Erls of Northumbarland, x mile sowthwards. And, on the morrow after that, he toke his waye towards Wakefielde and Sendall, a grete lorshipe appartayninge to the Duke of Yorke, leving the Castell of Pomfrete on his lefte hand, wher abode, and was, the Marqwes Montagwe, that in no wyse trowbled hym, ne none of his fellowshipe, but sufferyd hym to passe in peasceable wyse, were it with good will or noo, men may juge at theyr pleaswre; I deme ye15, but trouth it is,that he ne had nat, ne cowthe not have gatheryd, ne made, a felashipe of nombar sufficient to have openly resistyd hym in hys qwarell, ne in Kynge Henries qwarell; and one great caws was, for great partie of the people in thos partis lovyd the Kyngs person well, and cowthe nat be encoragyd directly to doo agayne hym in that qwarell of the Duke of Yorke, which in almannar langage of all his fellawshipe was covertly pretendyd, and none othar. An othar grete cawse, for grete partye of [the] noble men and comons in thos parties were towards th'Erle of Northumbarland, and would not stire with any lorde or noble man other than with the sayde Earle16, or at leaste by his commandement. And, for soo muche as he sat still, in suche wise that yf the Marques wolde have done his besines to have assembled them in any manier qwarell, neithar for his love, whiche they bare hym none, ne for any commandement of higher autoritie, they ne wolde in no cawse, ne qwarell, have assisted hym. Wherein it may right well appere, that the said Erle, in this behalfe, dyd the Kynge right gode and notable service, and, as it is deemed in the conceipts of many men, he cowthe nat hav done hym any beter service, ne not thowghe he had openly declared hym selfe extremly parte-taker with the Kynge in his rightwys qwarell, and, for that entent, have gatheryd and assemblyd all the people that he might have made; for, how be it he loved the Kynge trewly and parfectly, as the Kynge thereof had certayne knowledge, and wolde, as of himselfe and all his power, have served hym trewly, yet it was demyd, and lykly it was trewe, that many gentlemen, and othar, whiche would have be araysed by him, woulde not so fully and extremly have determyned them selfe in the Kyng's right and qwarell as th'Erle wolde have done hymselfe; havynge in theyr freshe remembraunce how that the Kynge, at the first entrie-winning of his right to the Royme and Crowne of England , had17 and won a great battaile in those same parties18, where theyr Maistar, th'Erll's fathar, was slayne, many of theyr fathars, theyr sonns, theyr britherne, and kynsemen, and othar many of theyr neighbowrs; wherefore, and nat without cawse, it was thowght that they cowthe nat have borne verrey good will, and done theyr best service, to the Kynge, at this tyme, and in this quarell. And so it may be resonably judged that this was a notable good service, and politiquely done, by th'Erle. For his sittynge still caused the citie of Yorke to do as they dyd, and no werse, and every man in all thos northe partes to sit still also, and suffre the Kynge to passe as he dyd, nat with standynge many were right evill disposed of them selfe agaynes the Kynge, and, in especiall, in his qwarell. Wherefore the Kynge may say as Julius Cesar sayde, he that is nat agaynst me is with me. And othar right greate cause why the Marqwes made nat a felawshippe agaynst hym for to have trowbled hym [was], for thwoghe all the Kynges [felowshipe] at that season were nat many in nombar, yet they were so habiled, and so well piked men, and, in theyr werke they hadd on hand, so willed, that it had bene right hard to right-a-great felashipe, moche greatar than they, or gretar than the Marquis, or his friends, at that tyme, cowthe have made, or assembled, to have put the Kynge and his sayde felowshipe to any distresse. And nothar cawse [was], where as he cam thrwghe the cuntre there, the people toke an opinion, that yf the peoples of the contries wherethrwghe he had passed aforne, had owght him any mannar of malice, or evill will, they would some what have shewed it whan he was amongs them, but, inasmoche as no man had so don aforne, it was a declaration and evidence to all thos by whome he passyd after, that in all othar contries wer none but his good lovars; and greate foly it had bene to the lattar cuntries to have attempted that the former cuntries would not, thinkynge verilie that, in suche case, they, as his lovars, would rathar have ayded hym thann he shulde have bene distressed; wherefore he passed with moche bettar will.

Note 8. scurynge, i.e. assuring.

Note 9. by the ledinge and gwydynge of a priste. -- This appears to have been one John Westerdale, who was afterwards thrown into Marshalsea prison, probably for his interference upon this occasion. (Leland's Coll. II. 503.)

Note 10. Martyn of the See. -- i.e. Martin de le Mere.

Note 11. declared by the iij. astates of the land. -- The parliamentary recognition of the right of Richard, Duke of York, here referred to, took place A.D. 1460. (Vide Rot. Parl. V. 377.)

Note 12. gadrers, gadres, in MS.

Note 13. only of hardies. -- hardies and, in MS.

Note 14. he came to the gates afore the citie. -- Polydore Vergil here introduces a long account of the parleying of the citizens with Edward IV. from their walls during the whole of one day, and their ultimately insisting upon his taking an oath to be faithful to Henry VI. before they would permit him to enter; which oath he took the following morning at the gate of the City. Vergil adds that Edward's perjury in this instance was probably the occasion of the punishment which fell upon his family in the murder of his sons. (P. 524) The Historian probably thought that the excellence of the moral was a sufficient justifiation for the invention of the incident, or, at any event, for its amplification from Fabyan, who says, Edward confirmed with an oath his deceptive declaration that he came merely to claim his father's rights. (P. 660.) Fabyan is a poor authority for an incident which took place at York.

Note 15. I deme ye, i.e. yea. -- Although the Marquis Montague subsequently appeared in arms in the party of his brother, the Earl of Warwick (age 42), there is reason to believe that the present writer was correct in supposing that he was secretly favorable to Edward IV. (Vide Leland's Coll. II. 505; Polydore Vergil, 527.)

Note 16. gret partye of the noble men and comons in thos parties, were towards th'Erle of Northumberland, and would not stire any lorde or noble man other than with the sayde Earle. -- The Chronicler in Leland's Collectanea asserts that "as Edward passid the Countery he shewid the Erle of Northumbrelande's lettre and seale that sent for hym," (II. 503.) -- a stratagem quite in character but which is not mentioned by any other authority. The feudal authority of the Earl of Northumberland is exemplified in other passages, at p. 7, and p. 32 [original Camden text]. The same power is attributed in the West to the Duke of Somerset and the Earl of Devonshire, as "the old enheritors of that contrie." (P. 23 [original Camden text])

Note 17. England had -- England and had, in MS.

Note 18. a great battaile in those same parties. -- The battle of Towton, fought 29th March, 1461.

On 14 Mar 1611 Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis was born to William Cornwallis (age 62) and Jane Meautys (age 30).

On 14 Mar 1629 Robert Barkham (age 75) died. He was buried in Church of St George, South Acre [Map].

Robert Barkham: Around 1554 he was born to Robert Edward Barkham and Jane Frances Berney.

Pepy's Diary. 14 Mar 1666. Thence, I being in a little haste walked before and to the 'Change [Map] a little and then home, and presently to Trinity House, Deptford [Map] to dinner, where Captain Cox made his Elder Brother's dinner. But it seemed to me a very poor sorry dinner. I having many things in my head rose, when my belly was full, though the dinner not half done, and home and there to do some business, and by and by out of doors and met Mr. Povy (age 52) coming to me by appointment, but it being a little too late, I took a little pride in the streete not to go back with him, but prayed him to come another time, and I away to Kate Joyce's, thinking to have spoke to her husband about Pall's business, but a stranger, the Welsh Dr. Powell, being there I forebore and went away and so to Hales's (age 66), to see my wife's picture, which I like mighty well, and there had the pleasure to see how suddenly he draws the Heavens, laying a darke ground and then lightening it when and where he will.

Evelyn's Diary. 14 Mar 1667. Saw "The Virgin Queen", a play written by Mr. Dryden (age 35).

After 14 Mar 1711. Gravestone of Eleanor Franklin (deceased) at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Ecton [Map]. The graves of Eleanor and her husband Thomas were shown to Benjamin Franklin (age 5) when he visited the graveyard in 1758 looking for his grandfather Thomas Franklin which he didn't find.

On 14 Mar 1757 Admiral John Byng (age 52) was executed by firing squad for having been found guilty of his perceived failure to relieve the garrison at Menorca. The execution caused public outrage among fellow officers and the country at large. He was buried in the Bing Vault, All Saints Church, Southill.

14 Mar 1757. Unknown Painter. "The Shooting of Admiral Byng"

On 14 Mar 1765 Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton was born to Bishop Frederick Keppel (age 37) and Laura Walpole. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Mar 1800 Daines Barrington (age 83) died.

On 14 Mar 1827 George Frederick Bodley was born to William Hulme Bodley.

On 14 Mar 1829 Francis Johnston (age 69) died. He was buried at St George's Church, Dublin.

On 14 Mar 1836 Jules Joseph Lefebvre was born.

On 14 Mar 1880 Hazel Martyn was born to Edward Jenner Martyn at Chicago.

After 14 Mar 1886. Monument to Lieutenant Mildmay Edward Fane (deceased) at St Nicholas' Church, Fulbeck.

Lieutenant Mildmay Edward Fane: On 29 Dec 1863 he was born to Francis Augustus Fane and Augusta Fane at Malta. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%. From 17 Feb 1885 to 14 Mar 1886 Lieutenant Mildmay Edward Fane served at Gibraltar with the 3rd Battalion Rifle Brigade. On 14 Mar 1886 Lieutenant Mildmay Edward Fane died.

On 14 Mar 1915 Walter Crane (age 69) died at Horsham Hospital, West Sussex.

Births on the 14th March

On 14 Mar 1271 Stephen Wittelsbach I Duke Bavaria was born to Henry Wittelsbach I Duke Lower Bavaria I Duke Bavaria (age 35) and Elizabeth Duchess Bavaria (age 35). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 14 Mar 1446 John Bohun was born to Humphrey Bohun (age 27).

On or before 14 Mar 1561 Calybut Walpole of Houghton was born. He was baptised 14 Mar 1561.

On 14 Mar 1571 Richard Brooke of Norton was born to Thomas Brooke (age 22) and Anne Tuchet.

On 14 Mar 1576 Bishop Eric of Lorraine was born to Nicholas of Lorraine Duke of Mercœur (age 51) and Catherine Romula Duchess of Lorraine (age 25) at Nancy. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.28%.

On 14 Mar 1581 Thomas Hoverton Warner was born at Hoe, Norfolk.

Before 14 Mar 1611 William Alington 1st Baron Alington was born to Giles Alington (age 38). He was baptised on 14 Mar 1611.

On 14 Mar 1611 Frederick Cornwallis 1st Baron Cornwallis was born to William Cornwallis (age 62) and Jane Meautys (age 30).

On 14 Mar 1635 John Tyrrell 1st Baronet was born to John Tyrrell (age 37) and Martha Washington.

On 14 Mar 1646 Ferdinando Hastings was born to Henry Hastings (age 41) and Jane Goodall.

On 14 Mar 1652 Benedicta Henrietta Palatinate Simmern was born to Edward Palatinate Simmern (age 26). She a great granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 14 Mar 1674 Bernard Howard was born to Bernard Howard (age 33) and Catherine Tattershall.

On 14 Mar 1714 Quaile Somerville 2nd Baronet was born to James Somerville 1st Baronet (age 16).

On 14 Mar 1717 Abel Smith was born to Abel Smith (age 27).

On 14 Mar 1738 John Beresford was born to Marcus Beresford 1st Earl Tyrone (age 43) and Catherine Power Countess Tyrone (age 36).

On 14 Mar 1744 George Tollemache was born to Lionel Tollemache 4th Earl Dysart (age 35) and Grace Carteret Countess Dysart (age 30).

On 14 Mar 1745 Edward Hoare 2nd Baronet was born to Joseph Hoare 1st Baronet (age 37) and Catherine Somerville.

On 14 Mar 1754 Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter was born to Thomas Cecil (age 26).

On 14 Mar 1765 Laura Keppel Baroness Southampton was born to Bishop Frederick Keppel (age 37) and Laura Walpole. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Mar 1767 Charles Arbuthnot was born.

On 14 Mar 1769 George Wombwell 2nd Baronet was born to George Wombwell 1st Baronet (age 34) and Susannah Rawlinson.

On 14 Mar 1773 Anna Maria Cocks was born to Charles Cocks 1st Baron Somers (age 47).

On 14 Mar 1779 William Ormsby-Gore was born to William Gore.

On 14 Mar 1801 Philip Charles William FitzRoy James Comte d'Arran was born to William James Comte d'Arran (age 23) and Caroline Gordon (age 29). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Mar 1807 Admiral Alexander Montgomery 3rd Baronet was born to Henry Conyngham Montgomery 1st Baronet (age 42) and Sarah Mercer Grove Lady Montgomery.

On 14 Mar 1820 King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was born.

On 14 Mar 1824 Spencer Cecil Ponsonby-Fane was born to John Ponsonby 4th Earl Bessborough (age 42) and Maria Fane (age 37).

On 14 Mar 1827 George Frederick Bodley was born to William Hulme Bodley.

On 14 Mar 1830 Margaret Compton was born to Spencer Compton 2nd Marquess Northampton (age 40) and Margaret Douglas-Maclean-Clephane Marchioness Northampton (age 38) in Rome, Italy.

On 14 Mar 1832 Richard Horner Paget 1st Baronet was born.

On 14 Mar 1836 Jules Joseph Lefebvre was born.

On 14 Mar 1867 Henry Cubitt 2nd Baron Ashcombe was born to George Cubitt 1st Baron Ashcombe (age 38) at 17 Prince's Gate, Knightsbridge.

On 14 Mar 1880 Hazel Martyn was born to Edward Jenner Martyn at Chicago.

On 14 Mar 1886 Evelyn Alice Grey was born to Albert Henry George Grey 4th Earl Grey (age 34) and Alice Holford Countess Grey.

On 14 Mar 1908 Rupert Leigh 4th Baron Leigh was born to Rupert Leigh (age 51).

On 14 Mar 1913 Rosa Bingham Countess Warwich and Brooke was born to David Cecil Bingham (age 25) and Rosabelle Millicent St Clair-Erskine (age 22).

Marriages on the 14th March

After 14 Mar 1420 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 19) and Elizabeth Berkeley Baroness Cherleton Baroness Dudley were married at Dudley, Staffordshire. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England.

Before 14 Mar 1571 Thomas Brooke (age 22) and Anne Tuchet were married.

On or after 14 Mar 1592, the date of the marriage settlement, Francis Goodwin (age 27) and Elizabeth Grey (age 37) were married.

On 14 Mar 1607 John Shirley of Isfield (age 42) and Dorothy Goring (age 37) were married.

After 14 Mar 1683 Charles Montagu 1st Earl Halifax (age 21) and Anne Yelverton Countess Manchester (age 52) were married. She the widow of his cousin Robert Montagu 3rd Earl Manchester (deceased). The difference in their ages was 30 years; she, unusually, being older than him.

On 14 Mar 1698 John Fleming 6th Earl Wigtown (age 25) and Margaret Lindsay Countess Wigtown were married. She by marriage Countess Wigtown. They were divorced in 1708. She the daughter of Colin Lindsay 3rd Earl Balcarres (age 45). He the son of William Fleming 5th Earl Wigtown and Henrietta Seton Countess Wigtown (age 45). They were second cousin once removed.

Before 14 Mar 1721 Lieutenant Colonel John Upton of Castle Upton in County Antrim (age 50) and Mary Upton were married.

Before 14 Mar 1722 James Butler (age 51) and Eleanor Loftus were married. His second marrige. There was no issue. They were first cousins.

On 14 Mar 1723 Peter Burrell (age 30) and Amy Raymond (age 24) were married.

On 14 Mar 1741 John Montagu 4th Earl Sandwich (age 22) and Dorothy Fane Countess Sandwich (age 23) were married. She by marriage Countess Sandwich.

Before 14 Mar 1745 Joseph Hoare 1st Baronet (age 37) and Catherine Somerville were married.

Before 14 Mar 1769 George Wombwell 1st Baronet (age 34) and Susannah Rawlinson were married.

On 14 Mar 1786 Bourchier Wrey 7th Baronet (age 29) and Anne Palk Lady Wrey (age 22) were married. She by marriage Lady Wrey of Trebitch in Cornwall.

On 14 Mar 1797 Brigadier-General Robert Bernard Sparrow (age 24) and Olivia Acheson (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Arthur Acheson 1st Earl Gosford (age 52) and Millicent Pole Countess Gosford (age 47).

On 14 Mar 1799 Thomas Webb 6th Baronet (age 20) and Frances Charlotte Dillon Lee Lady Webb Lady Heathcote (age 19) were married. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 14 Mar 1826 Thomas Fitzmaurice 5th Earl Orkney (age 22) and Isabella Irby Countess Orkney (age 19) were married.

On 14 Mar 1861 Edward Lucas Ridsdale of Rottingdean, Sussex (age 28) and Esther Lucy Thacker (age 18) were married.

Deaths on the 14th March

On 14 Mar 1190 twin boys Robert Capet and Philip Capet were born to King Philip II of France (age 24) and Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France (age 19). The eldest Robert died the same day, the youngest Philip died three days later. Their mother Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France (age 19) died from childbirth the day after the birth.

Before 14 Mar 1322 Roger Damory 1st Baron Damory died.

On 14 Mar 1358 Eleanor Fitzmaurice Countess Desmond (age 50) died.

On 14 Mar 1362 Roger Lewknor (age 58) died.

On 14 Mar 1362 Richard Willoughby (age 72) died. He was buried at St Mary & All Saints Church, Willoughby-on-the-Wolds [Map].

Before 14 Mar 1408 Walter Strickland (age 83) died.

On 14 Mar 1443 John Wittelsbach Count Palatine (age 60) died.

On 14 Mar 1490 John Conyers (age 79) died.

On 14 Mar 1500 Mary Folville (age 77) died.

Around 14 Mar 1548 Thomas Brudenell (age 51) died.

On 14 Mar 1554 Richard Lyster (age 75) died.

On 14 Mar 1554 Richard Lister (age 74) died.

On 14 Mar 1555 John Russell 1st Earl Bedford (age 70) died. His son Francis Russell 2nd Earl Bedford (age 28) succeeded 2nd Earl Bedford, 2nd Baron Russell of Cheneys. Margaret St John Countess Bedford (age 22) by marriage Countess Bedford.

On or before 14 Mar 1558 Elizabeth Gage died.

On 14 Mar 1559 Anne Sapcote Countess Bedford (age 80) died.

On 31 Mar 1576 John Leigh of Addington died. Possibly 14 Mar 1612.

On 14 Mar 1582 Elizabeth Hesse Electress Palatine (age 43) died.

On 14 Mar 1594 Agnes Herries 4th Lady of Terregles (age 60) died. Her son William Maxwell 5th Lord of Terregles (age 38) succeeded 5th Lord Herries of Terregles.

On 14 Mar 1603 Ulrich Mecklenburg-Schwerin (age 76) died.

On 14 Mar 1609 Albrecht Christian Hohenzollern died.

On 14 Mar 1612 Oliph Leigh (age 52) died. He was buried the following day at Addington, Surrey.

On 14 Mar 1629 Robert Barkham (age 75) died. He was buried in Church of St George, South Acre [Map].

Robert Barkham: Around 1554 he was born to Robert Edward Barkham and Jane Frances Berney.

On 14 Mar 1630 Jenico Preston 5th Viscount Gormanston (age 46) died. His son Nicholas Preston 6th Viscount Gormanston (age 22) succeeded 6th Viscount Gormanston.

Before 14 Mar 1642 John Critz (age 91) died. He was buried on 14 Mar 1642.

On 14 Mar 1643 Richard Carew 1st Baronet (age 63) died. His son Alexander Carew 2nd Baronet (age 33) succeeded 2nd Baronet Carew of Antony in Cornwall. Jane Rolle Lady Carew by marriage Lady Carew of Antony in Cornwall.

On 14 Mar 1648 Ferdinando Fairfax 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron (age 63) died. He was buried at Bolton Percy.

On 14 Mar 1652 Frederick Oldenburg died.

On 14 Mar 1666 William Jobson 2nd Baronet (age 30) died without male issue at Heath. He was buried at Church of St Peter Kirkthorpe [Map]. Baronet Bolles then Jobson of Osberton extinct.

On 14 Mar 1685 Mary Evelyn (age 20) died of smallpox.

On 14 Mar 1689 Joseph 2nd Baronet (age 49) died. He was buried 21 Mar 1689. His son Joseph 3rd Baronet (age 24) succeeded 3rd Baronet Alston of Chelsea.

On 14 Mar 1705 James Scott (age 30) died.

On 14 Mar 1711 Eleanor Franklin (age 77) died.

On 14 Mar 1713 Mary Cromwell Countess Fauconberg (age 76) died.

On 14 Mar 1722 James Butler (age 51) died.

On 14 Mar 1757 Admiral John Byng (age 52) was executed by firing squad for having been found guilty of his perceived failure to relieve the garrison at Menorca. The execution caused public outrage among fellow officers and the country at large. He was buried in the Bing Vault, All Saints Church, Southill.

On 14 Mar 1760 Margaret Fortescue died unmarried. Her second cousin Margaret Rolle Countess Orford (age 51) abeyance terminated 15th Baroness Clinton.

On 14 Mar 1766 James Lumley (age 60) died unmarried, heavily in debt. He left his Durham estates to his nephew Richard Lumley-Saunderson 4th Earl Scarborough (age 40) and his Sussex estates to his nephew George Montagu Dunk 2nd Earl Halifax (age 49).

On 14 Mar 1775 Caroline Hanover died after having been inoculated against smallpox. She was buried at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle [Map].

On 14 Mar 1788 Maria Lloyd died.

On 14 Mar 1797 Elizabeth Hamilton Countess Derby (age 44) died.

On 14 Mar 1800 Daines Barrington (age 83) died.

On 14 Mar 1802 Miss Hobbs of Blandford in Dorset died.

On 14 Mar 1809 Charlotte Bouverie (age 76) died.

On 14 Mar 1811 Charles Egleton aka Kent 1st Baronet (age 68) died. His son Charles Kent 2nd Baronet (age 27) succeeded 2nd Baronet Kent of Fornham.

On 14 Mar 1829 Francis Johnston (age 69) died. He was buried at St George's Church, Dublin.

On 14 Mar 1837 Joan Scott Viscountess Canning (age 60) died. Her son Charles Canning 1st Earl Canning (age 24) succeeded 2nd Viscount Canning.

On 14 Mar 1843 Maria Smith Marchioness Northampton (age 77) died.

On 14 Mar 1847 William Gore-Langton (age 86) died.

On 14 Mar 1848 Major-General Godfrey Basil Mundy (age 72) died.

On 14 Mar 1849 Lieutenant-Colonel William Gooch (age 79) died.

On 14 Mar 1858 Benjamin Welstead (age 83) died.

On 14 Mar 1858 Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Onslow Winnington Ingram (age 41) was killed in the Kaiserbagh in Lucknow, a ball passing through his head, during the Indian Mutiny.

On 14 Mar 1858 Robert Sharpe Ainslie of Market Stainton died, desiring that he might 'not have even a headstone' placed over his grave. Baronet Ainslie of Great Torrington in Lincolnshire extinct since his children were all illegitimate.

On 14 Mar 1869 Joseph Francis Olliffe (age 61) died.

On 14 Mar 1869 Jane Hopkinson died.

On 14 Mar 1884 Charles Frere (age 70) died.

On 14 Mar 1886 Lieutenant Mildmay Edward Fane (age 22) died.

On 14 Mar 1892 Henry Brand 1st Viscount Hampden (age 77) died. His son Henry Brand 2nd Viscount Hampden (age 50) succeeded 2nd Viscount Hampden, 24th Baron Dacre Gilsland.

On 14 Mar 1892 Elizabeth Egerton Baroness Ros Helmsley (age 59) died.

On 14 Mar 1901 Arthur Saunders Gore 5th Earl Arran (age 62) died. His son Arthur Gore 6th Earl of Arran (age 32) succeeded 6th Earl Arran.

On 14 Mar 1909 Mary Georgiana Marjoribanks (age 59) died.

On 14 Mar 1911 Charles Henry Wynn (age 63) died.

On 14 Mar 1912 Gwendoline Isabella Anna Maria Anson (age 74) died.

On 14 Mar 1915 Walter Crane (age 69) died at Horsham Hospital, West Sussex.

On 14 Mar 1917 Luise Margarete Hohenzollern Duchess Connaught (age 56) died.

On 14 Mar 1931 Algernon Thomas Brinsley Sheridan (age 85) died.

On 14 Mar 1936 Charlotte Anne Dick-Lauder (age 86) died.

On 14 Mar 1937 Gertrude Theresa Miller died.

On 14 Mar 1962 Algernon Peyton 7th Baronet (age 73) died. Baronet Peyton of Doddington extinct.