On this Day in History ... 15 March

15 Mar is in March.

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

1566 Murder of David Rizzio

1672 Declaration of Indulgence

On 14 Mar 1190 twin boys were born to King Philip II of France (age 24) and Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France (age 19). The eldest Robert died the same day, the youngest Philip died three days later. Their mother Isabelle Flanders Queen Consort France (age 19) died from childbirth the day after the birth.

Letters. 15 Mar 1399. Letter XXVII. Joanna of Navarre (age 29) afterwards Queen of Henry IV to King Richard II (age 32).

My most dear and redoubted lord,.

I desire every day to be certified of your good estate, which our Lord grant that it may ever be as good as your heart desires and as I should wish it for myself. If it would please you to let me know of it, you would give me great rejoicings in my heart, for every time that I hear good news of you I am most perfectly glad at heart. And if to know tidings from this side would give you pleasure, when this was written my lord (age 31), I, and our children were together in good health of our persons, thanks to our Lord, who by his grace ever grant you the same. I pray you, my dearest and most redoubted lord, that it would ever please you to have the affairs of my said lord well recommended, as well in reference to the deliverance of his lands as other things, which lands in your hands are the cause why he sends his people promptly towards you. So may it please you hereupon to provide him with your gracious remedy, in such manner that he may enjoy his said lands peaceably; even as he and I have our perfect surety and trust in you more than in any other. And let me know your good pleasure, and I will accomplish it willingly and with a good heart to my power.

My dearest and most redoubted lord, I pray the Holy Spirit that he will have you in his holy keeping.

Written at Vannes, the 15th day of March. The Duchess of Bretagne.


Around 15 Mar 1467 John Dynham 1st Baron Dynham (age 34) and Elizabeth Fitzwalter Baroness Dinham 8th Baroness Fitzwalter (age 36) were married.

1517 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1518. 15 Mar 1518. Giust. Desp. II. 166. 4009. SEBASTIAN GIUSTINIAN to the DOGE.

Rode to the King at Richmond, who is in some trouble, as three of his pages have died of the plague. Was graciously received: told him the news of the Turks, from whom, his majesty said, there was nothing to fear this year, as he had received intelligence from Rhodes. Sebastian pointed out the threatening nature of their preparations. The King laughed, and said Venice was on such good terms with the Turk, she had nothing to fear. Sebastian replied, they had made terms with Selim out of necessity, and from dread of the formidable power of the Sultan. "Tell your Signory," said the King, "there is a person more formidable than the Turk, who denies he has engaged any lansknechts, and yet I know he has hired them at two crowns per man." Sebastian replied, he thought it very unlikely such a thing should have escaped the knowledge of so wise a man as the Venetian ambassador in the French court. "Upon this the King drew me nearer to him, and also took my secretary by the hand,—a gesture he repeated several times in the course of the conference,—saying, 'Shall I give you manifest proof of the deceit of this King of France ?'" and then went on to insist that the forces which Francis pretended to marshal against the Turks were really intended against Italy. Sebastian combated this notion without appearing to contradict him. The King urged, "He wishes me worse than he does the devil himself; yet you see what kind of friendly language he employs towards me, in order that I may trust such deceit: but I am so prepared that, should the King of France attempt to attack me, he will find himself deceived." He then insisted on the refusal of France to do justice to his subjects; the sending of Albany into Scotland; "where he will perhaps put the King to death in like manner as his brother died, which I never intend to suffer; nor will I tolerate his presence there; and should he send him, I shall hold the said King my enemy." He then enlarged upon the love of interference on the part of Francis. Sebastian turned the conversation, endeavoring to avoid his resentment, urging that the Signory acted towards both crowns impartially. The King expressed himself satisfied, and told Sebastian he was not to detail these conversations to the ambassador in France; which, however, he intends to do. London, 15 March 1518.

On 15 Mar 1521 John "Babymaker" La Marck II Duke Cleves (age 62) died. His son John La Marck III Duke Cleves (age 30) succeeded III Duke Cleves.

After 15 Mar 1526 Leonard Grey 1st Viscount Grane (age 47) and Eleanor Dudley Countess Somerset (deceased) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Grane. He the son of Thomas Grey 1st Marquess Dorset and Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset (age 65). They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

Before 15 Mar 1554 Thomas Wyatt (age 33) surrendered to Maurice Berkeley (age 48).


Henry Machyn's Diary. 15 Mar 1554. The xv day of Marche was raynyd at Westmynster ser Thomas Wyatt (age 33) knyght, the captayn cheyffe [of] Kent, and cast to be hedyd and after quartered and sett up.

Note. P. 54. He lycted behind a gentleman into the court. After his surrender sir Thomas Wyatt was taken to the court riding behind sir Maurice Berkeley on horseback. Stowe, p. 621.

Wriothesley's Chronicle. 15 Mar 1554. The xv of Marche Wyatt (age 33), capteyn of the rebells, was arregned at Westminster and there condemned of highe treason.

And the same daye the Earle of Devonshire (age 27) was committed agayne to the Tower [Map].


Henry Machyn's Diary. 15 Mar 1560. [The xv day preached at court] master (blank) the wyche he mad a nottabull sermon that the quen('s) (age 26) grace gayff hym th[anks] for hys payne, butt sum men wher offendyd.

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Murder of David Rizzio

PAINTINGS/LETTERS/Rizzio.jpgOn 09 Mar 1566 at eight o'clock in the evening David Rizzio (age 33) was murdered in the presence of the six months Mary Queen of Scots (age 23) and her half-sister Jean Stewart Countess Argyll 15333 (age 33) at Holyrood Palace [Map] by rebels led by Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven. Rizzio was dragged through the bed chamber into the adjacent Audience Chamber and stabbed an alleged 57 times. Mary's husband Henry "Lord Darnley" Stewart (age 20) was suspected of being one of the murderers.

On 15 Mar 1566 Mary Queen of Scots (age 23) writes to Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 32):

As first hes takin our houss slane our maist [most] speciall servand (age 33) in our awin [own] presence & thaireftir haldin our propper personis captive tressonneblie, quhairby [whereby] we war constrainit to escaipe straitlie about midnyght out of our palice of halliruidhouss [Map] to the place quhair [where] we ar for the present, in the grittest danger feir of our lywis & ewill [ill] estate that evir princes on earth stuid [stood] in.

We thotht to have writtin to you this letter with oure awin [own] hand, that therby ye myght have better onestand all our meaning & takin mair [more] familliarlie therewit. Bot of trewt [truth] we ar so tyrit [tired] & ewill [ill] at eass [ease], quhat [what] throw rydding of twenty millis [miles] in v [5] horis [hours] of the nyght as wit the frequent seikness & weill dispositioun be th'occasioun of our child/that we could not at this tyme as we was willing to have done…

Your richt [right] gud sister and cusignes [cousin] Marie R.

Jean Stewart Countess Argyll 15333: Around 1533 she was born illegitimately to King James V of Scotland (age 20) and Elizabeth Bethune. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. In 1553 Archibald Campbell 5th Earl Argyll (age 19) and Jean Stewart Countess Argyll 15333 (age 20) were married. Jean Stewart Countess Argyll 15333 by marriage Countess Argyll. She the daughter of King James V of Scotland and Elizabeth Bethune. He the son of Archibald Campbell 4th Earl Argyll (age 46) and Helen Hamilton Countess Argyll. They were third cousins. She a great granddaughter of King Henry VII of England and Ireland. On 07 Jan 1588 Jean Stewart Countess Argyll 15333 (age 55) died.

Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven: He was born to William Ruthven 2nd Lord Ruthven and Janet Halyburton Lady Dirletoun. Before 1551 Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven and Janet Douglas were married. She the daughter of Archibald Douglas 6th Earl Angus (age 61). After 1551 Patrick Ruthven 3rd Lord Ruthven and Janet Stewart were married. His second marriage, her fourth. She the daughter of John Stewart 2nd Earl Atholl and Janet Campbell Countess Atholl. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. On 13 May 1566 he died.

On 15 Mar 1604 John Acland (age 52) was knighted by King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 37) at the Tower of London [Map].


On 15 Mar 1613 Juan Fernández de Velasco y Tovar 5th Duke of Frías (age 63) died. His son Bernardino Fernández de Velasco 6th Duke of Frías (age 4) succeeded 6th Duke of Frías.

On 15 Mar 1617 Thomas Egerton 1st Viscount Brackley (age 77) died. His son John Egerton 1st Earl Bridgewater (age 38) succeeded 2nd Viscount Brackley.


Before 15 Mar 1662 John Campbell 1st Earl Loudon (age 64) died. His son James Campbell 2nd Earl Loudon (age 42) succeeded 2nd Earl Loudon.

1672 Declaration of Indulgence

On 15 Mar 1672. The Royal Declaration of Indulgence was Charles II's (age 41) attempt to extend religious liberty to Protestant nonconformists and Roman Catholics. It was highly controversial. Sir Orlando Bridgeman (age 66) resigned as Lord Keeper of the Great Seal because he refused to apply the Great Seal to it.

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On 15 Mar 1710 George Forbes 4th Earl Granard was born to George Forbes 3rd Earl Granard (age 24).

On 15 Mar 1721 Louise of Mecklenburg Güstrow Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 53) died. The day after her funeral her husband Frederick IV King Denmark and Norway (age 49) married Anne Sophie Reventlow Queen Consort Denmark and Norway (age 27) whom he had previously married bigamously.

After 15 Mar 1728. Grave of Anne, wife of Archdeacon Thomas Howson at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

On 15 Mar 1754 Charles Manners 4th Duke Rutland was born to John Manners Marquess of Granby (age 33) and Frances Seymour (age 25).


On 15 Mar 1776 Joan Scott Viscountess Canning was born to John "Pawky Scott" Scott.

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Section I Tumuli 1788. On the 15th of March, 1788, a farmer, who occupied the land on Middleton Moor, known as the Garratt Piece, having occasion to burn some lime upon that ground, dug for the purpose into a tumulus [Map] [Garratts Piece Barrow [Map]], or lowe, there situate.

He began his work on the outer edge of the barrow, clearing it away as he proceeded, to the level of the natural surface. On reaching the centre, he found, lying immediately under the usual depression of the summit of the barrow, and placed upon the level of the ground, a skeleton, whose extremities were towards the east and west; near the point of the shoulder was a very extraordinary ornament of copper neatly enamelled with various colours, red being the most predominant; it is circular, and has a hook in the form of a serpent's head, probably for suspension. In addition to this, part of another ornament of similar workmanship; part of the iron umbo of a shield and a shallow basin of thin brass, much broken and crushed, were found abont the same place. (For a similar basin see Archæologia, vol. xviii, page 80.) The design visible upon the circular and enamelled ornament is precisely similar to an illuminated capital Q in the Saxon manuscript entitled, 'Textus Sancti Cuthberti,' a production of the seventh century, formerly preserved in the cathedral of Durham, but now in the Cottonian library, (Nero, D. 4.) There is a good engraving of it in Astle's 'Origin of Writing,' plate 14, a. This interesting barrow was reopened by Mr. William Bateman (age 1), on the 19th of June, 1826, but was found to have been entirely rifled on the occasion above described.

On 15 Mar 1827 Edward Bellew 6th Baronet (age 67) died. His son Patrick Bellew 1st Baron Bellew (age 29) succeeded 7th Baronet Bellew of Barmeath in Louth.

Barrows near Arbor Low. On the 15th of March, we re-opened a barrow near the boundary of Middleton Moor, in the direction of Parcelly Hay [Note. Possibly Parsley Hay Barrow [Map]], which was unsuccessfully opened by Mr.W. Bateman on the 28th of July, 1824; nor did our researches lead to a more satisfactory result, as the entire mound seemed to have been turned over by deep ploughing by which the interments, consisting of two skeletons and a deposit of burnt bones, had been so dragged about as to present no characteristic worthy of observation. A neat whetstone was picked up amongst these ruins, and a carefully chipped leaf-shaped arrow-point of flint has since been found by ploughing across the barrow. About fifty yards South-east of the last, is another barrow of very small size, both as to diameter and height; so inconsiderable indeed are its dimensions, that it was quite overlooked in 1824. Fortunately the contents, with the exception of one skeleton that lay near the surface, had been enclosed in a cist, sunk a few inches beneath the level of the soil. As in the companion barrow, the skeleton near the top was dismembered by the plough, so that it afforded nothing worthy of notice - the original interment, however, which lay rather deeper, in a kind of rude cist or enclosure, formed by ten shapeless masses of limestone, amply repaid our labour. The persons thus interred consisted of a female in the prime of life, and a child of about four years of age; the former had been placed on the floor of the grave on her left side, with the knees drawn up; the child was placed above her, and rather behind her shoulders: they were surrounded and covered with innumerable bones of the water-vole, or rat, and near the woman was a cow's tooth, an article uniformly found with the more ancient interments. Round her neck was a necklace of variously shaped beads and other trinkets of jet and bone, curiously ornamented, upon the whole resembling those found at Cow Low [Map] in 1846, (Vestiges p. 92,) but differing from them in many details. The various pieces of this compound ornament are 420 in number, which unusual quantity is accounted for by the fact of 348 of the beads being thin laminae only; 54 are of cylindrical form, and the 18 remaining pieces are conical studs and perforated plates, the latter in some cases ornamented with punctured patterns. Altogether, the necklace is the most elaborate production of the pre-metallic period that I have seen. The skull, in perfect preservation, is beautiful in its proportions, and has been selected to appear in the Crania Britannica, as the type of the ancient British female. The femur measures 15¼ inches. The engraving represents the arrangement of the cist.

On 15 Mar 1851 John Brabazon 10th Earl Meath (age 78) died. His son William Brabazon 11th Earl of Meath (age 47) succeeded 11th Earl Meath. Harriot Brooke Countess Meath by marriage Countess Meath.

On 15 Mar 1854 Edwyn Scudamore Stanhope 10th Earl of Chesterfield was born to Henry Edwyn Chandos Scudamore Stanhope 9th Earl of Chesterfield (age 32) and Dorothea Hay Countess Chesterfield (age 26).


On 15 Mar 1896 Vernon Henry St John 6th Viscount Bolingbroke 7th Viscount St John was born to Henry St John 5th Viscount Bolingbroke 6th Viscount St John (age 75) and Mary Emily Elizabeth Howard Viscountess Bolingbroke and St John.