On this Day in History ... 16th January

16 Jan is in January.

800 Battle of Kempsford

1362 St Marcellus' Flood

1400 Epiphany Rising

1478 Attainder of George Duke of Clarence

1486 Marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth York

1549 Trial and Execution of Thomas Seymour

1559 Coronation of Elizabeth I

1666 Great Plague of London

1668 Buckingham Shrewsbury Duel

1684 Frost Fair

1809 Battle of Corunna

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 16th January

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 800. This year was the moon eclipsed, at eight in the evening, on the seventeenth day before the calends of February; and soon after died King Bertric and Alderman Worr. Egbert (age 27) succeeded to the West-Saxon kingdom; and the same day Ethelmund, alderman of the Wiccians, rode over the Thames at Kempsford; where he was met by Alderman Woxtan, with the men of Wiltshire, and a terrible conflict ensued, in which both the commanders were slain, but the men of Wiltshire obtained the victory.

On 16 Jan 1010 Bertha Welf Queen Consort France (age 46) died.

Around 16 Jan 1362 St Marcellus' Flood was an intense extratropical cyclone, coinciding with a new moon, which swept across the British Isles, the Netherlands, northern Germany, and Denmark causing at least 25,000 deaths. In England the town of Dunwich, Suffolk was destroyed.

On 16 Jan 1373 Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford 6th Earl Essex 2nd Earl of Northampton (age 31) died. He was buried at Waldon Priory and Abbey [Map]. Earl Hereford, Earl Essex, Earl of Northampton extinct. His estates were divided between his two daughters Eleanor Bohun Duchess Gloucester (age 7), wife of Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester (age 18) and Mary Bohun (age 5), wife of Henry of Bolingbroke (age 5), the future Henry IV, although the title and estates should have been inherited Gilbert Bohun who was a grandson of Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford 1st Earl Essex.

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 48) was executed at Pleshey Castle [Map]. Duke Exeter forfeit. Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Hereford and Northampton (age 53) arranged for the children of her dead brother Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl of Surrey 11th Earl of Arundel, who had been executed on the orders of John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 48) three years before, to witness the execution.

After 16 Jan 1478 and before 07 Feb 1478. The original act doesn't contain a date. Parliament opened on 16 Jan 1478. On 07 Feb 1478 Henry Stafford 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 23) was appointed Steward of England for the purpose of effecting the exection. George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 28) was attainted by Parliament. The wording of the attainder as follows:

The Kyng (age 35), oure Sovereigne Lorde, hath called to his Remembraunce the manyfold grete Conspiracies, malicious and heynous Ttresons, that hertofore hath be compassed by dyverse persones his unnaturall Subgetts, Rebelles and Traytoures, wherby Commocions and Insurrections have been made within this his Royaulme, for entent and purpose to have destroyed his moost Roiall persone, and with that to have subverted the state, wele publique and politic of all his said Royaulme; ne had so been, that by th'elp of Almyghty God, with the grete laboures and diligences and uttermost explette of his persone by Chevalrye and Werr, he had mightly and graciously repressed the same. Wherthrogh grete nowmbre of the said his Rebelles and Traytours he hath at dyverse tymes punysshed, as well by swerd as other punysshments, in exemple to others to have been ware of suche attempting hereafter. And yet as a benigne and a gracious Prince moeved unto pitie, after his grete Victories sent hym by God, not oonly he hath spared the multitudes in theire feldes and assembles overcomen, but thaym and certeyn other, the grete movers, sturters and executours of suche haynous Tresons, at the reverence of God, he hath taken to his mercy and clerly pardoned, as may not be unknowen to all the Worlde.

This notwithstondyng, it is comen nowe of late to his knowlage, howe that agaynst his mooste Royall persone, and agaynst the persones of the blessed Princesse oure alther soveraigne and Liege Lady the Quene, of my Lorde the Prince theire son and Heire, and of all the other of thaire moost noble issue, and also against the grete parte of the Noble of this Lande, the good rule, politike and wele publique of the same, hath been conspired, compassed and purposed a moch higher, moch more malicious, more unnaturall and lothely Treason than atte eny tyme hertoforn hath been compassed, purposed and conspired, from the Kyng's first Reigne hiderto; which Treason is, and must be called, so moche and more henyous, unnaturell and lothely, for that not oonly it hath proceded of the moost extreme purpensed malice, incomparably excedyng eny other that hath been aforn, but also for that it hath been contryved, imagined and conspired, by the persone that of all erthely creatures, beside the dutie of ligeaunce, by nature, by benefette, by gratitude, and by yeftes and grauntes of Goodes and Possessions, hath been moost bounden and behalden to have dradde, loved, honoured, and evere thanked the kyng more largely, than evere was eny other bounden or beholden, whom to name it gretely aggruggeth the hert of oure said Sovereigne Lorde, sauf oonly that he is of necessite compelled, for the suertie, wele and tranquillite of hym and all this Royaulme, which were full neer the poynt of perdicion, ne were the help and grace of Almyghty God:

He sheweth you therefore, that all this hath been entended by his Brother, George, the Duke of Clarence (age 28). Wherein it is to be remembered that the Kynges Highnesse, of tendre youthe unto now of late, hath evere loved and cherysshed hym, as tenderly and as kynderly, as eny creature myght his naturell Brother, as well it may be declared, by that that he beyng right yonge, not borne to have eny lifelode, butt oonly of the Kynges grace he yave hym soo large porcion of Possessions that noo memorie is of, or seldom hath been seen, that eny Kyng of Englande hertoforn within his Royaulme yave soo largely to eny his Brothers. And not oonly that, butt above that, he furnyssed hym plenteously of all manere stuff, that to a right grete Prynce myght well suffice; so that aftre the Kynges, his lifelode and richesse notably exceded any other within his Lande at thatt tyme.

And yet the kyng, not herewith content, butt beyng ryght desirous to make hym of myght and puissance excedyng others, caused the greate parte of all the Nobles of this Lande to be assured unto hym next his Highnesse; trustyng that not oonly by the bond of nature, butt also by the bondes of soo grete benefitt, he shulde be more than others loving, helping, assisting and obeissaunt to all the Kyngs good pleasures and commaundments, and to all that myght be to the politik wele of his Lande.

All this notwithstondyng, it is to remember, the large grace and foryevnesse that he yave hym uppon, and for that at dyverse tyme sith he gretely offended the Kyng, as in jupartyng the Kyngs Royall estate, persone and life, in straite warde, puttyng hym thereby from all his libertie, aftre procuryng grete Commocions, and sith the voydaunce oute of his Royaulme, assistyng yevyng to his enemies mortall, the usurpers, laboryng also by Parlement to exclude hym and all his from the Regalie, and enabling hymself to the same, and by dyverse weyes otherwyse attemptyng; which all the Kyng, by nature and love moeved, utterly foryave, entendyng to have putte all in perpetuell oblivion.

The said Duke, nathelesse for all this, noo love encreasyng, but growyng daily in more and more malice, hath not left to consedre and conspire newe Treasons, more haynous and lothely than ever aforn, how that the said Duke falsly and traitrously entended, and puposed fermely, th'extreme distruction and disherityng of the Kyng and his Issue, and to subverte all the polityk rule of this Royaulme, by myght to be goten as well outewarde as inward, which false purpose the rather to brynge aboute, he cast and compassed the moyans to enduce the Kynges naturell Subgetts to withdrawe theire herts, loves and affections from the Kyng, theire naturell Sovereigne Lorde, by many subtill, contryved weyes, as in causyng dyverse his Servauntes, suche as he coude imagyne moste apte to sowe sedicion and aggrugge amonge the People, to goo into diverse parties of this Royaulme, and to laboure to enforme the People largely in every place where they shulde come, that Thomas Burdett, his Servaunte, which was lawefully and truly atteynted of Treason, was wrongefully putte to Deth; to some his Servauntes of suche like disposicion, he yave large Money, Veneson, therewith to assemble the Kynges Subgects to Feste theym and chere theym, and by theire policies and resonyng, enduce hem to beleve that the said Burdett was wrongfully executed, and so to putte it in noyse and herts of the People;

he saide and laboured also to be noysed by such his Servauntez apte for that werk, that the Kyng, oure Sovereigne Lorde, wroght by Nygromancye, and used Crafte to poyson his Subgettes, suche as hym pleased; to th'entent to desclaundre the Kyng in the moost haynous wyse he couth in the sight and conceipt of his Subgetts, and thefore to encorage theym to hate, despice and aggrugge theire herts agaynst hym, thynkyng that he ne lived ne dealid with his Subgettes as a Christien Prynce.

And overe this, the said duke beyng in full purpose to exalte hymself and his Heires to the Regallye and Corone of Englande, and clerely in opinion to putte aside from the same for ever the said Corone from the Kyng and his Heirez, uppon oon the falsest and moost unnaturall coloured pretense that man myght imagine, falsely and untruely noysed, published and saide, that the Kyng oure Sovereigne Lorde was a Bastard, and not begottone to reigne uppon us; and to contynue and procede ferther in this his moost malicious and traytorous purpose, after this lothely, false and sedicious langage shewed and declared amonge the People, he enduced dyverse of the Kynges naturall Subgetts to be sworne uppon the blessed Sacrament to be true to hym and his heires, noon exception reserved of theire liegeaunce; and after the same Othe soo made, he shewed to many other, and to certayn persones, that suche Othe had made, that the Kyng had taken his lifelode from hym and his men, and disheryed theym, and he wolde utterly endevoire hym to gete hem theire enheritaunce as he wolde doo for his owen.

He shewed also that the Kyng entended to consume hym in like wyse as a Candell consumeth in brennyng, wherof he wolde in brief tyme quyte hym. And overe this, the said Duke continuyng ín his false purpose, opteyned and gate an exemplificacion undre the Grete Seall of Herry the Sexte, late in dede and not in right Kyng of this Lande, wherin were conteyned alle suche appoyntements as late was made betwene the said Duke and Margaret, callyng herself Quene of this Lande, and other; amonges whiche it was conteyned, that if the said Herry, and Edward, his first begoton Son, died withoute Issue Male of theire Bodye, that the seid Duke and his Heires shulde be Kyng of this Lande; which exemplificacion the said Duke hath kepyd with hymself secrete, not doyng the Kyng to have eny knowlegge therof, therby to have abused the Kynges true Subgetts for the rather execucion of his said false purpose.

And also, the same Duke purposyng to accomplisse his said false and untrue entent, and to inquiete and trouble the Kynge, oure said Sovereigne Lorde, his Leige People and this his Royaulme, nowe of late willed and desired the Abbot of Tweybury, Mayster John Tapton, Clerk, and Roger Harewell Esquier, to cause a straunge childe to have be brought into his Castell of Warwyk, and there to have beputte and kept in likelinesse of his Sonne and Heire, and that they shulde have conveyed and sent his said Sonne and Heire into Ireland, or into Flaundres, oute of this Lande, whereby he myght have goten hym assistaunce and favoure agaynst oure said Sovereigne Lorde; and for the execucion of the same, sent oon John Taylour, his Servaunte, to have had delyveraunce of his said Sonne and Heire, for to have conveyed hym; the whiche Mayster John Tapton and Roger Harewell denyed the delyveraunce of the said Childe, and soo by Goddes grace his said false and untrue entent was lette and undoon.

And also, the same Duke purposyng to accomplisse his said false and untrue entent, and to inquiete and trouble the Kynge, oure said Sovereigne Lorde, his Leige People and this his Royaulme, nowe of late willed and desired the Abbot of Tweybury, Mayster John Tapton, Clerk, and Roger Harewell Esquier, to cause a straunge childe to have be brought into his Castell of Warwyk, and there to have beputte and kept in likelinesse of his Sonne and Heire, and that they shulde have conveyed and sent his said Sonne and Heire into Ireland, or into Flaundres, oute of this Lande, whereby he myght have goten hym assistaunce and favoure agaynst oure said Sovereigne Lorde; and for the execucion of the same, sent oon John Taylour, his Servaunte, to have had delyveraunce of his said Sonne and Heire, for to have conveyed hym; the whiche Mayster John Tapton and Roger Harewell denyed the delyveraunce of the said Childe, and soo by Goddes grace his said false and untrue entent was lette and undoon.

The Kyng, remembryng over, that to side the neernesse of Blode, howe be nature he myght be kynde to his Brother; the tendre love also, whiche of youthe he bare unto hym, couthe have founden in his hert, uppon due submission, to have yet foryeven hym estsones, ne were, furst that his said Brother by his former dedes, and nowe by this conspiracye, sheweth hymself to be incorrigible, and in noo wyse reducible to that by bonde of nature, and of the grete benefices aforn reherced, he were moost soveraynly beholden of all Creature: Secondly, ne were the grete juparty of effusion of Christien blode, which most likkely shulde therof ensue: And thridenly and principally, the bond of his Conscience, wherby and by solempne Othe, he is bounden anenst God, uppon the peryll of everlastyng dampnacion, to provyde and defende, first the suertie of hymself and his moste Royall Issue, secondly, the tranquilite of Goddes Churche within this, his Royaulme, and after that, the wele publique, peas and tranquilite of all his Lordez, Noblemen, Comens and others of every degree and condicion, whiche all shulde necessarily stande in extreme jupartie, yf Justice and due punyshement of soo lothely offencez shulde be pardoned; in pernicious example to all mysdoers, theves, traytours, rebelles and all other suche as lightly wolde therby bee encoraged and enbolded to spare noo manner of wikkednesse.

Wherfore thof all [sic]11 the Kynges Highnesse be right sory to determyne hymself to the contrarie, yet consideryng that Justice is a vertue excellently pleasyng Almyghty God, wherby Reaulmes stande, Kynges and Pryncez reign and governe, all goode rule, polyce and publique wele is mayteigned; and that this vertue standeth not oonly in retribucion and rewarde for goode dedes, butt also in correccion and punysshement of evil doers, after the qualitees of theire mysdoyngs. For whiche premissez and causez the Kyng, by the avyse and assent of his Lordes Speretuell and Temporell, and by the Commons, in this present parliament assembled, and by the auctorite of the same, ordeyneth, enacteth and establith that the said George, Duke of Clarence, be convicte and atteyntit of Heigh Treason commyttet and doon agaynst the Kynges moost Royall persone; and that the same Duke, by the said auctorite, forfett from hym and his heyres for ever the Honoure, Estate, Dignite and name of Duke1. And also that the same Duke, by the said auctorite, forfett from hym and his heyres for ever, all Castelles, Honoures, Maners, Landes, Tenements, Rents, Advousons, Hereditaments and Possessions that the same Duke nowe hath by eny of the Kynges Lettrez Patents to his owen use, or that any other persone nowe hath to the use of the same Duke by eny of the Kynges Letterez Patents, or that passed to hym fro the Kyng by the same: And that all Lettrez Patents made by the kyng to the said Duke bee from henseforthe utterly voyde and of noon effecte.

And that it be also ordeigned by the same auctorite that noo Castelles, Honoures, Maners, Landez, Tenementz, Rents, Advousons, Hereditaments or Possessions that the same duke nowe hath joyntly with other, or sole to hymself, to the use of eny other persone, be forfett, nor conteyned by or in this present Acte; but that by the said auctoritee, every other persone to whose use the said Duke is sole seised in eny Castelles, Honoures, Maners, Landez, Tenements, Rents, Advousons, Hereditaments and Possessions, otherwyse than by the Kyngs Lettres Patents, have power and auctorite by this present Acte lawefully to entre into theym, and theym to have and holde after the entent and trust that the said Duke nowe hath theryn. And also where the same Duke is joyntly seased with any other persone in any Castells, Maners, Landez, Tenementz, Rents, Hereditaments or Possessions to the use of eny other persone, otherwyse than by the Kyngs Lettrez Patents: that by the said auctorite, the said joynt feffez stonde and be feoffez to the same use and entent as they nowe arre and be; and that suche right, interest and title as the same Duke nowe hath with theym in the same premyssez, by the said auctorite, be in his cofeffez to the same entent as the same Duke nowe ys: Savyng to every of the Kynges Liege people, other than the said Duke and his Heyrez, and all other persone and persones that clayme or have eny tytell of interest in eny of the premyssez by the same Duke, suche right, tytle and interest as they owe or shulde have in eny of the premyssez, as if this Acte had never been made.

A cest Bille les Comunez sont assentuz.

Le Roy le voet.

Note 1. It is interesting that he forfeits the title of Duke rather than the usual attainted in the blood which may have debarred his children from inheriting the crown.

Vatican Regesta Vol. DCLXXXV Secretarum Tomus IV 2 Innocent VIII. 10 Kal. Aug. Decree, at the petition of king Henry (age 29) and queen Elizabeth (age 20), that a notarial copy of the process before James, bishop of Imola, Apostolic Nuncio with the power of a legate de latere, in regard to the dispensation granted by him to them to contract marriage, notwithstanding the impediment arising from their being related in the double fourth degree of kindred, shall have the same credence as the original letters of the said bishop. The Pope (age 54) exemplifies the said letters and process as follows:

Public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation 1486, after the computation of the English church, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII [16 Jan 1486], in the chapel of St. Mary [the Virgin] on the east side of the cathedral church of St. Paul, London [Map], before James, bishop of Imola, apostolic legate to England and Scotland, in presence of the below-written notaries public, appointed by the said bishop as scribes in the below-written matter of dispensation, and witnesses below-named, there appeared in person Master Robert Morton (age 51), Archdeacon of Winchester, and John de Giglis, I.U.D., as proctors of king Henry (age 29), and Richard Hill, dean of the chapel of the household of the said king, and David William, doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, as proctors of the lady Elizabeth (age 20), eldest daughter of the late king Edward IV, who produced their mandates of procuration and presented to the said legate a schedule of petition on behalf of the said king and lady, praying him to dispense them to marry, notwithstanding the impediment of their relationship in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, as was specified by the said Master Robert Morton (age 51).

The said instrument exemplifies the said procurations and schedule, as follows:

(i) A public instrument, setting forth that in the year of the Incarnation, etc., 1486, the 4th indiction, anno 2 Innocent VIII, January 14, in a certain great chamber within the palace royal at Westminster, before Thomas, archbishop of York (age 62) and legate of the apostolic see, John, bishop of Worcester (age 56), chancellor of England, and Jasper duke of Bedford (age 54), and many other nobles and magnates, in the presence of me, Richard Spencer, notary public below-written, the said king (age 29), present in person, appointed Masters John de Giglis, I.U.D., and Robert Morton (age 51), master or keeper of the rolls of the chancery of the said king, as his proctors to appear before the said bishop and legate (who, as is said, has faculty from the apostolic see to dispense a certain number of persons related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred and affinity to contract marriage), and to request him to exhibit, etc., the said letters, and execute them in accordance with the desire of the said king, etc. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the above-named witnesses and of Richard Spencer, clerk, of the diocese of Lincoln, notary public by apostolic and imperial authorities, registrar-principal of the court of Canterbury, and keeper of the registers of the same court, the said notary has made the present public instrument, and, being otherwise engaged, has caused it to be written by another, and has published and drawn it up in this public form, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;.

(ii) A like public instrument, setting forth that on the same date as in the preceding, and in a certain chamber within the royal palace of Westminster, before John, bishop of Worcester, chancellor of England (age 56), John lord de Wellys (age 36), Master William Smyth, dean of the chapel royal of Wymbourn in the diocese of Salisbury, and other witnesses, in the presence of the above notary, Richard Spencer, the above lady Elizabeth (age 20), present in person, appointed Masters Richard Hill, dean of the chapel of the king's household, and David William, doctor of decrees, dean of St. Mary's Arches, London, and commissary-general of the official of the court of Canterbury and president of the said court, in the absence of the said official, as her proctors to appear, etc., as in the preceding. Of all which things, done on the above date and in the above place, in the presence of the abovenamed witnesses and of … Richard Spencer, clerk, etc., as above, the said notary has made, written, subscribed, published, and drawn up in this public form the present public instrument, and has signed it with his wonted sign and name;.

(iii) The petition to James, bishop of Imola, apostolic legate to England and Scotland, on behalf of the most serene prince and lord, the lord Henry (age 29), by the grace of God king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the one part, and of the most illustrious (clarissime) lady, the lady Elizabeth (age 20), eldest legitimate and natural daughter of the late Edward, sometime king of England and France and lord of Ireland, of the other part, setting forth that whereas the said king Henry has by God's providence won his realm of England, and is in peaceful possession thereof, and has been asked by all the lords of his realm, both spiritual and temporal, and also by the general council of the said realm, called Parliament, to take the said lady Elizabeth to wife, he, wishing to accede to the just petitions of his subjects, desires to take the said lady to wife, but cannot do so without dispensation, inasmuch as they are related in the fourth and fourth degrees of kindred, wherefore petition is made on their behalf to the said legate to grant them dispensation by his apostolic authority to contract marriage and remain therein, notwithstanding the said impediment of kindred, and to decree the offspring to be born thereof legitimate.

Holinshed's Chronicle 1548. 16 Jan 1549. The sixteenth of Ianuarie, sir Thomas Seimer (age 41) baron of Sudleie, lord admerall, and brother to the duke of Summerset lord protector, was arrested and sent to the tower, and after by authoritie of parlement he was attainted, and the twentith of March next insuing, in the third yeare of this kings reigne beheaded at tower hill. Moreouer in this parlement, the vse of the masse was clearlie prohibited, and a booke for the vniformitie of diuine seruice, and right administration of the sacraments, was set foorth and established.

On 16 Jan 1549 Thomas Seymour (age 41), the King's (age 11) uncle, was caught trying to break in to the King's (age 11) apartments at Hampton Court Palace, Richmond [Map]. He entered the privy garden and awoke one of the King's pet spaniels. In response to the dog's barking, he shot and killed it. He was arrested and taken to the Tower of London [Map].

Edward Seymour 1st Duke of Somerset (age 49) was arrested on various charges, including embezzlement at the Bristol mint.

After 16 Jan 1549 William Sharington (age 54) was arrested and charged with coining base money, clipping, and other frauds. He confessd and was attainted forfeiting his landed estates and being ejected from his seat in Parliament.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 16 Jan 1559. The xvj day of [January] was gret justes at the tylt-[yard], iiij chalengers, the duke of Northfoke (age 22) and (unfinished)

On 16 Jan 1569 Winifred Knightley (age 39) died at Titteshall, Norfolk. She was buried at the Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map].

Winifred Knightley: Around 1530 she was born to William Knightley at Norwich, Norfolk. In 1543 Robert Coke and she were married.

Pepy's Diary. 16 Jan 1662. Towards Cheapside; and in Paul's Churchyard saw the funeral of my Lord Cornwallis (deceased), late Steward of the King's House, a bold profane talking man, go by, and thence I to the Paynter's (age 53), and there paid him £6 for the two pictures, and 36s. for the two frames. From thence home, and Mr. Holliard (age 53) and my brother Tom (age 28) dined with me, and he did give me good advice about my health.

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Jan 1662. Having notice of the Duke of York's (age 28) intention to visit my poor habitation and garden this day, I returned, when he was pleased to do me that honor of his own accord, and to stay some time viewing such things as I had to entertain his curiosity. Afterward he caused me to dine with him at the Treasurer of the Navy's house, and to sit with him covered at the same table. There were his Highness (age 28), the Duke of Ormond (age 51), and several Lords. Then they viewed some of my grounds about a project for a receptacle for ships to be moored in, which was laid aside as a fancy of Sir Nicholas Crisp (age 63). After this, I accompanied the Duke (age 28) to an East India vessel that lay at Blackwall [Map], where we had entertainment of several curiosities. Among other spirituous drinks, as punch, etc., they gave us Canary that had been carried to and brought from the Indies, which was indeed incomparably good. I returned to London with his Highness (age 28). This night was acted before his Majesty (age 31) "The Widow", a lewd play.

Pepy's Diary. 16 Jan 1666. So home late at my letters, and so to bed, being mightily troubled at the newes of the plague's being encreased, and was much the saddest news that the plague hath brought me from the beginning of it; because of the lateness of the year, and the fear, we may with reason have, of its continuing with us the next summer. The total being now 375, and the plague 158.

On 16 Jan 1668 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 39) fought a duel at Barn Elms with Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45) with whose wife Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 25) he was conducting a relationship. Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45) was fatally wounded dying two months later. Following the duel George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 39) commenced living with Shrewsbury's wife Anne Maria (age 25). His wife Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham (age 29) returned to live with her parents.

Admiral Robert Holmes (age 46) and Jenkins acted as seconds to George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 39). Jenkins was killed.

John Talbot of Lacock (age 37) and Bernard Howard (age 27) acted as seconds to Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45). Note. Bernard Howard a guess based on name and age.

On 16 Mar 1668 Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45) died from wounds received duelling. He was buried at Albrighton, Shropshire. His son Charles Talbot 1st Duke Shrewsbury (age 7) succeeded 12th Earl of Shrewsbury, 12th Earl Waterford.

Around 16 Jan 1679 Robert Coke (age 25) died. Buried in Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map].

Robert Coke: Around 1654 he was born to Richard Coke. Before 13 Apr 1678 Robert Coke and Anne Osborne were married. She the daughter of Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds and Bridget Bertie Duchess Leeds.

Evelyn's Diary. 16 Jan 1684. The Thames was fill'd with people and tents, selling all sorts of wares as in the Citty.

On 16 Jan 1735 Charles Christian Nassau Weilburg was born in Weilburg, Limburg-Weilburg.

On 16 Jan 1740 or 27 Jan 1741 Hester Lynch Salusbury (age 1) was born to John Salusbury (age 32) and Hester Lynch Cotton (age 33).

On 16 Jan 1756 Hill Boothby (age 47) died. Monument in St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map].

Hill Boothby: On 27 Oct 1708 she was born to Brooke Boothby in Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire.

On 16 Jan 1807 Charlotte Williams-Wynn was born to Charles Williams-Wynn (age 31) and Mary Cunliffe (age 25).

On 16 Jan 1809 the Battle of Corunna was fought when a French corps under Marshal of the Empire Jean de Dieu Soult attacked a British army under Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore.

Brother General Thomas Bradford (age 31) and Lieutentant-Colonel Henry Hollis Bradford (age 27) fought.

On 16 Jan 1867 Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter (age 71) died. His son William Alleyne Cecil 3rd Marquess Exeter (age 41) succeeded 3rd Marquess Exeter, 12th Earl Exeter, 13th Baron Burghley. Georgina Sophia Pakenham Marchioness Exeter (age 39) by marriage Marchioness Exeter.

He was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford [Map].

Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter: On 02 Jul 1795 he was born to Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter and Sarah Hoggins Countess Exeter. On 01 May 1804 Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter died. His son Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter succeeded 2nd Marquess Exeter, 11th Earl Exeter, 12th Baron Burghley. On 12 May 1824 Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter and Frances Isabella Selina Poyntz Marchioness of Exeter were married. She by marriage Marchioness Exeter. He the son of Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter and Sarah Hoggins Countess Exeter. In 1827 he was appointed 664th Knight of the Garter by King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 16 Jan 1886 Joseph Maas Singer (age 38) died. Monument in Rochester Cathedral [Map] sculpted by James Currie (age 50).

Joseph Maas Singer: On 30 Jan 1847 he was born in Dartford, Kent.

Time Team Series 1 Episode 1: The Guerrilla Base of the King was filmed between 16 Apr 1993 and 18 Apr 1993. It was originally shown on 16 Jan 1994.

Location: Athelney Abbey [Map].

Category: Time Team Early Medieval.

Time Team:

Tony Robinson (age 47), Presenter

Mick Aston (age 47), Bristol University Landscape Archaeologist

Gerry Barber, Bristol University Environmental Archaeologist

Phil Harding (age 43), Wessex Archaeological Trust Field Archaeologist

Carenza Lewis (age 30), Royal Commission on Historic Monuments

Robin Bush (age 50), Archivist

Victor Ambrus (age 58), Historical Illustrator

John Gator, Chris Gaffney, Geophysics

Gerry McDonnell, Archeaological Scientist.

Base: George Hotel [Map] in Wedmore.

Techniques: Field Walking, Excavations, Magnetometry, Resistivity, Soil Coring

Sources: Life of Alfred by Asser, Assers Life of Alfred 878.

Historical Figures: King Alfred "The Great" of Wessex, Guthrum Viking.

Events: Battle of Edington.

Outcomes: Plan of Athelney Abbey [Map], possible site of original Saxon church, Anglo-Saxon iron slag indicating iron working; the furthest west found at the time.

Channel 4 Episode

Births on the 16th January

On 16 Jan 1362 Robert de Vere 1st Duke Ireland was born to Thomas de Vere 8th Earl of Oxford (age 26) and Maud Ufford Countess of Oxford (age 17). He a great x 3 grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 16 Jan 1409 René Valois Anjou I Duke Anjou was born to King Louis of Naples (age 31) and Yolanda Barcelona Queen Consort Naples. Coefficient of inbreeding 4.77%.

On 16 Jan 1501 Anthony Denny was born to Edmund Denny (age 44) and Mary Troutbeck (age 13) at Howe, Norfolk.

On 16 Jan 1621 Maurice Palatinate Simmern was born to Frederick Palatinate Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine (age 24) and Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia (age 24). He a grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 16 Jan 1630 Henry Hastings was born to Ferdinando Hastings 6th Earl Huntingdon (age 21) and Lucy Davies Countess Huntingdon (age 17).

On 16 Jan 1637 Goditha Price was born to Herbert Price (age 32).

On 16 Jan 1698 John Twisleton 6th or 12th Baron Saye and Sele was born to Colonel Fiennes Twisleton 5th or 11th Baron Saye and Sele (age 28).

On 16 Jan 1723 Arthur Pomeroy 1st Viscount Hamberton was born.

On 16 Jan 1735 Charles Christian Nassau Weilburg was born in Weilburg, Limburg-Weilburg.

On 16 Jan 1740 or 27 Jan 1741 Hester Lynch Salusbury (age 1) was born to John Salusbury (age 32) and Hester Lynch Cotton (age 33).

On 16 Jan 1740 Willoughby Bertie 4th Earl of Abingdon was born to Willoughby Bertie 3rd Earl of Abingdon (age 47) and Anna Maria Collins Countess Abingdon.

On 16 Jan 1745 Mary Eyles-Styles was born to Francis Haskins Eyles-Stiles 3rd Baronet and Sibella Egerton (age 33).

On 16 Jan 1774 Reverend Frederick Hotham was born to Beaumont Hotham 2nd Baron Hotham (age 36).

On 16 Jan 1774 George Cornewall 3rd Baronet was born to George Amyand aka Cornewall 2nd Baronet (age 25) and Catherine Cornewall (age 22). He was baptised at St George's Church, Hanover Square.

On 16 Jan 1788 Lieutenant Nevile Fane was born to Henry Fane of Fulbeck (age 48) and Anne Buckley Batson (age 30).

On 16 Jan 1790 Captain Edward Biddulph was born to Simon Bidduplh (age 28).

On 16 Jan 1807 Charlotte Williams-Wynn was born to Charles Williams-Wynn (age 31) and Mary Cunliffe (age 25).

On 16 Jan 1838 Cuthbert Ellison Edwardes was born to William Edwardes 3rd Baron Kensington (age 36) and Laura Jane Ellison (age 26).

On 16 Jan 1853 Herbert Woodfield Paul was born.

On 16 Jan 1857 Agatha Manners Tollemache Baroness Westbury was born to William Tollemache (age 36) and Katherine Elizabeth Camilla Burke (age 37). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.25%.

Before 16 Jan 1888 Brenda Cecilia Woodhouse was born.

On 16 Jan 1893 Harold Augustus Wernher 3rd Baronet was born.

On 16 Jan 1901 Major Archibald Edward Cubitt was born to Henry Cubitt 2nd Baron Ashcombe (age 33) and Maud Marianne Calvert (age 35).

Marriages on the 16th January

On 16 Jan 1255 Guy Chatillon III Count Saint Pol (age 28) and Matilda Reginar Countess Saint Pol (age 31) were married. She the daughter of Henry Reginar II Duke Brabant and Marie Swabia Duchess Brabant. He the son of Hugh Chatillon I Count Blois V Count Saint Pol and Mary Avesnes. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King William "Conqueror" I of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King William "Conqueror" I of England.

Before 16 Jan 1362 Thomas de Vere 8th Earl of Oxford (age 26) and Maud Ufford Countess of Oxford (age 17) were married. She by marriage Countess of Oxford. She the daughter of Ralph Ufford and Maud Plantagenet Countess Ulster (age 52). He the son of John de Vere 7th Earl of Oxford and Maud Badlesmere Countess of Oxford (age 53). He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On 16 Jan 1401 Stephen "Magnificient Fop" Wittelsbach III Duke Bavaria (age 64) and Elisabeth La Marck Duchess Bavaria (age 23) were married at Cologne. She by marriage Duchess Bavaria. The difference in their ages was 41 years. She the daughter of Adolph La Marck and Margaret Jülich Countess Cleves and Mark (age 51). He the son of Stephen Wittelsbach II Duke Bavaria and Elisabeth Barcelona Duchess Bavaria. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 16 Jan 1452 Thomas Grey 1st Baron Grey of Richemont (age 34) and Margaret Ferrers (age 47) were married. He the son of John Grey and Constance Holland Countess Norfolk and Nottingham. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 16 Jan 1479 Alexander Stewart 1st Duke Albany (age 25) and Anne de la Tour Auvergne Duchess Albany were married. She by marriage Duchess Albany. She the daughter of Bertrand Auvergne VI Count Auvergne (age 62) and Louise de La Trémoïlle. He the son of King James II of Scotland and Mary of Guelders Queen Consort Scotland. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

After 16 Jan 1516 Thomas Brooke 8th Baron Cobham (age 46) and Elizabeth Calthorpe Baroness Cobham (age 28) were married. She by marriage Baroness Cobham. In some sources she is described as 'Elizabeth Fowthewel' which is probably a typo of the name of her first husband Robert Southwell. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Before 16 Jan 1577 Benjamin Bolles (age 35) and Anne Goodrick (age 27) were married.

Before 16 Jan 1614 Philip Waterhouse of Halifax and Overthorpe (age 58) and Helen Lacy were married.

On 16 Jan 1620 Giles Brydges 1st Baronet (age 47) and Mary Scudamore Lady Bridges (age 20) were married. The difference in their ages was 27 years.

After 16 Jan 1637 Thomas Wentworth 1st Earl Cleveland (age 46) and Lucy Wentworth Countess Cleveland (age 26) were married. She by marriage Countess Cleveland. The difference in their ages was 20 years. They were half second cousin once removed.

On 16 Jan 1647 Thomas Abdy 1st Baronet (age 34) and Anne Soame Lady Abdy were married at St Bartholomew the Less. She by marriage Lady Abdy of Felix Hall in Kelveden in Essex. They had ten children.

On 16 Jan 1679 John Cotton 2nd Baronet (age 32) and Elizabeth Sheldon Lady Cotton were married at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Before 16 Jan 1740 John Salusbury (age 32) and Hester Lynch Cotton (age 33) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.

On 16 Jan 1745 George Henry Lee 3rd Earl Lichfield (age 26) and Dinah Frankland Countess Lichfield (age 26) were married. He the son of George Henry Lee 2nd Earl Lichfield and Frances Hales Countess Lichfield (age 48). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jan 1788 Robert Edward Petre 9th Baron Petre (age 45) and Juliana Barbara Howard Baroness Petre (age 18) were married. The difference in their ages was 27 years. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jan 1808 George Coventry 8th Earl Coventry (age 23) and Emma Susanna Lygon were married. She the daughter of William Lygon 1st Earl Beauchamp (age 60) and Catherine Denn Countess Beauchamp. He the son of George Coventry 7th Earl Coventry (age 49) and Margaret "Peggy" Pitches Countess Coventry (age 48).

On 16 Jan 1840 Charles Henry Maynard (age 26) and Frances Julia Murray (age 18) were married.

On 16 Jan 1844 William Willoughby Cole 3rd Earl Enniskillen (age 36) and Jane Casamaijor Countess Enniskillen were married. She by marriage Countess Enniskillen. He the son of John Cole 2nd Earl Enniskillen and Charlotte Paget Countess Enniskillen.

On 16 Jan 1865 George Cadogan 5th Earl Cadogan (age 24) and Beatrix Jane Craven Countess Cadogan (age 20) were married. She the daughter of William Craven 2nd Earl Craven (age 55) and Emily Mary Grimston Countess Craven (age 48). He the son of Henry Cadogan 4th Earl Cadogan (age 52) and Mary Sarah Wellesley Countess Cadogan (age 56). She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Jan 1883 Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Bickersteth (age 36) and Lavinia Louisa Bertie (age 40) were married. She the daughter of Montagu Bertie 6th Earl of Abingdon (age 74) and Elizabeth Lavinia Harcourt Countess Abingdon.

On 16 Jan 1892 James Reginald Graham (age 28) and Florence Rose Wood Lady Graham were married. She would, thirty-five years later, marry his younger brother Richard James Graham 4th Baronet (age 33); an example of Married to Two Siblings.

On 16 Jan 1906 Cecil Walter Paget (age 31) and Alexandra Louisa Godolphin Osborne (age 33) were married. She the daughter of George Godolphin Osborne 9th Duke Leeds and Fanny Georgiana Pitt-Rivers Duchess Leeds.

Before 16 Jan 1916 Colonel Everard Charles Digby (age 63) and Emily Petty Fitzmaurice (age 61) were married. She the daughter of Henry Thomas Petty-Fitzmaurice 4th Marquess Lansdowne and Emily Jane de Flahaut Marchioness Lansdowne. They were half second cousins.

On 16 Jan 1954 John Arthington Worsley (age 25) and Carolyn Mary Wynyard Hardinge (age 21) were married.

Deaths on the 16th January

On 16 Jan 1010 Bertha Welf Queen Consort France (age 46) died.

On 16 Jan 1142 Eilika of Saxony (age 62) died.

On 16 Jan 1373 Humphrey Bohun 7th Earl Hereford 6th Earl Essex 2nd Earl of Northampton (age 31) died. He was buried at Waldon Priory and Abbey [Map]. Earl Hereford, Earl Essex, Earl of Northampton extinct. His estates were divided between his two daughters Eleanor Bohun Duchess Gloucester (age 7), wife of Thomas of Woodstock 1st Duke of Gloucester (age 18) and Mary Bohun (age 5), wife of Henry of Bolingbroke (age 5), the future Henry IV, although the title and estates should have been inherited Gilbert Bohun who was a grandson of Humphrey Bohun 2nd Earl Hereford 1st Earl Essex.

On 16 Jan 1400 John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 48) was executed at Pleshey Castle [Map]. Duke Exeter forfeit. Joan Fitzalan Countess Essex, Hereford and Northampton (age 53) arranged for the children of her dead brother Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl of Surrey 11th Earl of Arundel, who had been executed on the orders of John Holland 1st Duke Exeter (age 48) three years before, to witness the execution.

On 16 Jan 1404 John I Count of Penthièvre (age 58) died.

On 16 Jan 1441 Anne Talbot Countess Devon (age 48) died.

On 16 Jan 1452 Margaret Ferrers (age 47) died.

On 16 Jan 1469 Henry Bromflete 1st Baron Vesci (age 62) died at Londesborough without make issue. Baron Vesci extinct.

Between 26 Mar 1491 and 16 Jan 1493 Robert Fleming 1st Lord Fleming (age 77) died. His grandson John Fleming 2nd Lord Fleming (age 26) succeeded 2nd Lord Fleming.

On 16 Jan 1500 Margaret Clere (age 70) died.

On 16 Jan 1513 Ralph Ogle 3rd Baron Ogle (age 44) died in Morpeth [Map]. He was buried in St Andrew's Church Bothal [Map]. His son Robert Ogle 4th Baron Ogle (age 23) succeeded 4th Baron Ogle.

On 16 Jan 1516 William Mordaunt (age 55) died at Walton.

On 16 Jan 1530 John Savile (age 47) died.

On 16 Jan 1545 Thomas Strange of Hunstanton (age 52) died at Hunstanton, Norfolk.

On 16 Jan 1546 Simon Harcourt (age 74) died in Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire [Map].

Before 16 Jan 1555 Elizabeth Wriothesley (age 20) died.

Before 16 Jan 1558 Richard Freston Cofferer (age 58) died.

On 16 Jan 1563 Frederick Habsburg Spain died.

Before 16 Jan 1567 Gertrude Manners Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 42) died. On 16 Jan 1567 she was buried in Sheffield Cathedral [Map].

On 16 Jan 1569 Winifred Knightley (age 39) died at Titteshall, Norfolk. She was buried at the Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map].

Winifred Knightley: Around 1530 she was born to William Knightley at Norwich, Norfolk. In 1543 Robert Coke and she were married.

On 16 Jan 1571 Thomas Luttrell (age 50) died.

On 16 Jan 1585 Edward Clinton 1st Earl Lincoln (age 73) died at London. His son Henry Clinton 2nd Earl Lincoln (age 44) succeeded 2nd Earl Lincoln, 10th Baron Clinton. Catherine Hastings Countess Lincoln (age 42) by marriage Countess Lincoln.

On 16 Jan 1592 John Casimir Palatinate Simmern (age 48) died.

On 16 Jan 1598 Elizabeth Tunstall (age 64) died.

Around 16 Jan 1606 Isabel Holcroft Countess Rutland (age 56) died.

On 16 Jan 1614 Philip Waterhouse of Halifax and Overthorpe (age 58) died.

On or before 16 Jan 1619 Anne Jackman died. She was buried 16 Jan 1619.

On 16 Jan 1627 William Savage of Winchester (age 42) died.

On 16 Jan 1628 Abraham Peirsey died.

On 16 Jan 1637 Anne Crofts Countess Cleveland died.

On 16 Jan 1655 William Button 1st Baronet (age 71) died. He was buried at St James the Great Church, North Wraxall.

On 16 Jan 1655 Giles Eyre (age 82) died.

On 16 Jan 1657 Frances Gent Lady Allen (age 21) died.

On 16 Jan 1666 Dudley North 3rd Baron North (age 83) died. His son Dudley North 4th Baron North (age 64) succeeded 4th Baron North. Anne Montagu Baroness North (age 54) by marriage Baroness North.

On 16 Jan 1668 George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 39) fought a duel at Barn Elms with Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45) with whose wife Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 25) he was conducting a relationship. Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45) was fatally wounded dying two months later. Following the duel George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 39) commenced living with Shrewsbury's wife Anne Maria (age 25). His wife Mary Fairfax Duchess Buckingham (age 29) returned to live with her parents.

Admiral Robert Holmes (age 46) and Jenkins acted as seconds to George Villiers 2nd Duke of Buckingham (age 39). Jenkins was killed.

John Talbot of Lacock (age 37) and Bernard Howard (age 27) acted as seconds to Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45). Note. Bernard Howard a guess based on name and age.

On 16 Mar 1668 Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury (age 45) died from wounds received duelling. He was buried at Albrighton, Shropshire. His son Charles Talbot 1st Duke Shrewsbury (age 7) succeeded 12th Earl of Shrewsbury, 12th Earl Waterford.

Around 16 Jan 1679 Robert Coke (age 25) died. Buried in Church of St Mary the Virgin, Tittleshall [Map].

Robert Coke: Around 1654 he was born to Richard Coke. Before 13 Apr 1678 Robert Coke and Anne Osborne were married. She the daughter of Thomas Osborne 1st Duke Leeds and Bridget Bertie Duchess Leeds.

On 16 Jan 1681 Arabella Smith Countess Nottingham died.

On 16 Jan 1689 Gilbert Holles 3rd Earl de Clare (age 55) died. His son John Holles 1st Duke Newcastle upon Tyne (age 27) succeeded 4th Earl Clare.

On 16 Jan 1698 Honora Burke Duchess Berwick (age 24) died at Pézenas.

On 16 Jan 1705 Henry Hene 3rd Baronet (age 53) died. His son Richard Hene 4th Baronet (age 30) succeeded 4th Baronet Hene of Winkfield in Berkshire.

On 16 Jan 1707 William Bowes of Streatlam (age 50) died.

On 16 Jan 1712 Elizabeth Calvert (age 70) died.

On 16 Jan 1717 Christopher Beresford (age 64) died.

On 16 Jan 1724 Thomas Aston 3rd Baronet (age 58) died. His son Thomas Aston 4th Baronet (age 20) succeeded 4th Baronet Aston of Aston.

On 16 Jan 1745 Josiah Franklin (age 87) died.

On 16 Jan 1747 James Grant 6th Baronet (age 67) died. His son Ludovic Grant 7th Baronet (age 40) succeeded 7th Baronet Grant of Colquhoun.

On 16 Jan 1756 Hill Boothby (age 47) died. Monument in St Oswald's Church, Ashbourne [Map].

Hill Boothby: On 27 Oct 1708 she was born to Brooke Boothby in Ashbourne Hall, Derbyshire.

On 16 Jan 1765 Rebecca Samborne Le Bass died.

On 16 Jan 1771 John Kemp 6th Baronet (age 17) died unmarried. His uncle Benjamin Kemp 7th Baronet (age 62) succeeded 7th Baronet Kemp of Gissing in Norfolk.

On 16 Jan 1774 John Cullum 5th Baronet (age 74) died. His son John Cullum 6th Baronet (age 40) succeeded 6th Baronet Cullum of Hastede in Suffolk.

On 16 or 18 Jan 1775 Thomas Hervey (age 75) died.

On 16 Jan 1783 Elizabeth Ewens Countess Stafford died.

On 16 Jan 1784 Carew Mildmay (age 93) died.

On 16 Jan 1801 George Edward Henry Arthur Herbert 2nd Earl Powis (age 45) died at York House Hotel Albermarle Street. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Welshpool. Earl Powis extinct. In 1784 his sister Henrietta Antonia Herbert 3rd Countess Powis (age 42) had married Edward Clive 1st Earl Powis (age 46) who was created Earl Powis in 1784.

On 16 Jan 1809 Charles Banks Stanhope (age 23) was killed.

On 16 Jan 1837 Thomas Thynne (age 40) died.

On 16 Jan 1838 Sarah Bazett Countess Essex (age 78) died.

On 16 Jan 1839 Charles Lloyd (age 63) died.

On 16 Jan 1840 Russell Manners (age 69) died.

On 16 Jan 1846 Richard Charles Blunt (age 69) died.

On 16 Jan 1849 Catherine Marie Mary Charlotte Neave (age 78) died.

On 16 Jan 1856 Elizabeth Fitzclarence Countess Erroll (age 54) died.

On 16 Jan 1867 Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter (age 71) died. His son William Alleyne Cecil 3rd Marquess Exeter (age 41) succeeded 3rd Marquess Exeter, 12th Earl Exeter, 13th Baron Burghley. Georgina Sophia Pakenham Marchioness Exeter (age 39) by marriage Marchioness Exeter.

He was buried at St Martin's Church, Stamford [Map].

Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter: On 02 Jul 1795 he was born to Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter and Sarah Hoggins Countess Exeter. On 01 May 1804 Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter died. His son Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter succeeded 2nd Marquess Exeter, 11th Earl Exeter, 12th Baron Burghley. On 12 May 1824 Brownlow Cecil 2nd Marquess Exeter and Frances Isabella Selina Poyntz Marchioness of Exeter were married. She by marriage Marchioness Exeter. He the son of Henry Cecil 1st Marquess Exeter and Sarah Hoggins Countess Exeter. In 1827 he was appointed 664th Knight of the Garter by King George IV of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 16 Jan 1868 Reverend George Tufnell died.

On 16 Jan 1869 Georgiana Elizabeth Charlotte Hervey (age 67) died.

On 16 Jan 1886 Joseph Maas Singer (age 38) died. Monument in Rochester Cathedral [Map] sculpted by James Currie (age 50).

Joseph Maas Singer: On 30 Jan 1847 he was born in Dartford, Kent.

On 16 Jan 1898 Charles Pelham Villiers (age 96) died.

On 16 Jan 1899 John William Plunkett 17th Baron Dunsany (age 45) died. His son Edward John Moreton Drax Plunkett 18th Baron Dunsany (age 20) succeeded 18th Baron Dunsany.

On 16 Jan 1903 Henry Tanworth Wells (age 74) died.

On 16 Jan 1904 Lucy Elizabeth Adeane (age 72) died.

On 16 Jan 1906 Marshall Field (age 71) died.

On 16 Jan 1908 Caroline Harriet Sackville died.

On 16 Jan 1909 William Tyssen-Amherst 1st Baron Amherst (age 73) died. His daughter Mary Rothes Tyssen-Amherst 2nd Baroness Amherst (age 51) succeeded 2nd Baroness Amherst of Hackney in London.

On 16 Jan 1913 John Walter Paulet St John-Mildmay (age 46) died.

On 16 Jan 1916 Colonel Everard Charles Digby (age 63) died.

On 16 Jan 1922 Thomas Birkin 1st Baronet (age 90) died.

On 16 Jan 1924 Edwin Harry Lascelles (age 62) died.

On 16 Jan 1928 Bernhard Saxe Meiningen III Duke Saxe Meiningen (age 76) died.

On 16 Jan 1929 John Brunner 2nd Baronet (age 63) died. His son Felix Brunner 3rd Baronet (age 31) succeeded 3rd Baronet Brunner of Druids Cross in Lancashire.

On 16 Jan 1934 Henry Walter Barnett (age 71) died.

On 16 Jan 1949 Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Ward (age 86) died.