On this Day in History ... 16 October

16 Oct is in October.

1485 Coronation of Henry VII

1551 Arrest of the Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1555 Execution of Bishops

1660 Trial and Execution of the Regicides

1665 Great Plague of London

On 16 Oct 1265 William Leybourne 1st Baron Leybourne (age 23) and Juliana de Sandwich (age 20) were married.

On 16 Oct 1306 Rudolph Habsburg III Duke Austria (age 24) and Elizabeth Richeza Unknown Duchess Austria were married at Prague. She by marriage Duchess Austria. He the son of Albert Habsburg I Duke Austria (age 51) and Elizabeth Carinthia Duchess Austria.

On 16 Oct 1323 Amadeus V "Great" Savoy (age 74) died. His son Edward "Liberal" Savoy Count Savoy (age 39) succeeded Count Savoy.

On 16 Oct 1386 Hugh Stafford 2nd Earl Stafford (age 50) died returning from his Pilgrimage to Jerusalem. His son Thomas Stafford 3rd Earl Stafford (age 18) succeeded 3rd Earl Stafford 1C 1351, 4th Baron Stafford 1C 1299.

On 16 Oct 1393 Isabel St John 4th Baroness St John Basing (age 60) died. Her son Thomas Poynings 5th Baron St John Basing (age 42) succeeded 5th Baron St John Basing.

On 16 Oct 1430 King James II of Scotland was born to King James I of Scotland (age 36) and Joan Beaufort Queen Consort Scotland (age 26). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 16 Oct 1432 Gerald Fitzgerald 5th Earl of Kildare died. She was buried at Grey Abbey, County Kildare. His uncle John Fitzgerald 6th Earl of Kildare succeeded 6th Earl Kildare.

Coronation of Henry VII

On 16 Oct 1485 Philibert Chandee 1st Earl Bath was created 1st Earl Bath 1C 1486 at Tower of London [Map] by King Henry VII of England and Ireland (age 28) for having supported Henry's claim to the throne.

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On 16 Oct 1514 Richard de la Bere died. Brass. Figures of man in plate armour with head on helm, and of two wives in pedimental head-dresses with long girdles, groups of four daughters and one son of first wife and ten sons and six daughters of second wife, names of two daughters, three shields-of-arms. South East Transept of Hereford Cathedral [Map].

Richard de la Bere: Before 1498 he and Anne Tuchet (age 73) were married. One son, four daughters. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Henry III of England. After 1503 he and Elizabeth Mores were married. Ten sons, six daughters.

Arrest of the Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

On 16 Oct 1551 the King's (age 14) uncle Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset (age 51) was arrested for having conspired to commit murder at the banquet. He was acquitted of treason, but convicted of felony for raising a contingent of armed men without a licence. He was executed three months later.


Henry Machyn's Diary. 16 Oct 1551. The xvj day of October was had to the Towre the duches of Somersett (age 54) and Sir Raff a Vane and Sir John Thyn (age 36), [as also] Sir Thomas Holcroft (age 46), Sir Michael Stanhope (age 44), Mr. Hammond, Mr. John Seimour (age 24), Mr. Walley, Mr. Nudigate, Mr. Banister, Mr. Brayne, Mr. Crane and his wife, Sir Myles Parterege, and Sir Thomas Arundell (age 49) and Lady (age 36).NOTEXT

1555 Execution of Bishops

On 16 Oct 1555 Bishop Hugh Latimer (age 68) and Bishop Nicholas Ridley (age 55) were burned at the stake at Oxford [Map]. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 66) was forced to watch.


Henry Machyn's Diary. 16 Oct 1555. [The same day were burnt at Oxford for heresy doctor Latimer (age 68), late bishop of Worcester, and doctor Ridley (age 55),] late bysshope of London; [they were some] tyme grett prychers as ever was; and at ther bornyng dyd pryche doctur Smyth, sum-tyme the master of Vetyngtun colege (blank).

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1660 Trial and Execution of the Regicides

On 16 Oct 1660 Hugh Peter Regicide (age 62) and John Cook Regicide (age 52) were hanged, drawn and quartered at Charing Cross [Map].

Great Plague of London

Pepy's Diary. 16 Oct 1665. Thence I walked to the Tower [Map]; but, Lord! how empty the streets are and melancholy, so many poor sick people in the streets full of sores; and so many sad stories overheard as I walk, every body talking of this dead, and that man sick, and so many in this place, and so many in that. And they tell me that, in Westminster, there is never a physician and but one apothecary left, all being dead; but that there are great hopes of a great decrease this week: God send it!

Pepy's Diary. 16 Oct 1665. Up about seven o'clock; and, after drinking, and I observing Mr. Povy's (age 51) being mightily mortifyed in his eating and drinking, and coaches and horses, he desiring to sell his best, and every thing else, his furniture of his house, he walked with me to Syon [Map]1, and there I took water, in our way he discoursing of the wantonnesse of the Court, and how it minds nothing else, and I saying that that would leave the King (age 35) shortly if he did not leave it, he told me "No", for the King (age 35) do spend most of his time in feeling and kissing them naked... But this lechery will never leave him.

Note 1. Sion House [Map], granted by Edward VI to his uncle, the Duke of Somerset. After his execution, 1552, it was forfeited, and given to John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland. The duke being beheaded in 1553, it reverted to the Crown, and was granted in 1604 to Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland. It still belongs to the Duke of Northumberland.

On 16 Oct 1679 Roger Boyle 1st Earl Orrery (age 58) died. His son Roger Boyle 2nd Earl Orrery (age 33) succeeded 2nd Earl Orrery. Mary Sackville Countess Orrery (age 31) by marriage Countess Orrery.


On 16 Oct 1683 George Cooke 1st Baronet (age 51) died unmarried. His brother Henry Cooke 2nd Baronet (age 49) succeeded 2nd Baronet Cooke of Wheatley Hall in Yorkshire.

On 16 Oct 1685 William Ward 10th Baron Dudley 5th Baron Ward was born to William Ward (age 26).

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On 16 Oct 1725 Robert Moore (age 37) and Anne Lennard 16th Baroness Dacre Gilsland Baroness Teynham (age 41) were married. She the daughter of Thomas Lennard 1st Earl of Sussex and Anne Fitzroy Countess Sussex. He the son of Henry Hamilton Moore 3rd Earl of Drogheda. She a granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Oct 1732 Bennet Sherard 1st Earl Harborough (age 57) died. His first cousin once removed Philip Sherard 2nd Earl Harborough (age 52) succeeded 2nd Earl Harborough 1C 1719, 2nd Viscount Sherard, 4th Baron Sherard of Leitrim, 2nd Baron Sherard of Harborough. Anne Pedley Countess Harborough (age 57) by marriage Countess Harborough.

On 16 Oct 1735 Simon Harcourt 1st Earl Harcourt (age 21) and Rebecca Samborne Le Bass were married.

On 16 Oct 1769 George Forbes 4th Earl Granard (age 59) died. His son George Forbes 5th Earl Granard (age 29) succeeded 5th Earl Granard.

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On 16 Oct 1784 George Coventry 8th Earl Coventry was born to George Coventry 7th Earl Coventry (age 26) and Margaret "Peggy" Pitches Countess Coventry (age 24).

On 16 Oct 1819 Francis Russell 9th Duke Bedford was born to George Russell (age 29) and Elizabeth Anne Rawdon.

On 16 Oct 1841 Friedrich Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 26) and Adelheid Schasumburg Lippe Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg were married. He the son of Friedrich Wilhelm Glücksburg Duke Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg and Louise Caroline Hesse-Kassel Duchess Schleswig Holstein Sonderburg Glücksburg (age 52). He a great x 2 grandson of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

Adeline Horsey Recollections. On September 28, 1858, my marriage took place at the Military Chapel Gibraltar, and I was the first Countess of Cardigan to be married on foreign soil, I wore a white silk gown draped with a blue scarf, and a large hat adorned with many feathers; Lord Cardigan's (age 60) friends, Stuart Paget, Mrs, Paget and the Misses Paget, were present, and we gave a ball on the yacht in the evening. We spent a very gay week at Gibraltar, and then left for Cádiz, touching at Malacca and Alicante; then we took rail to Madrid, where we arrived on October 16 in time to witness a review of 30,000 troops on Queen Isabella's (age 27) birthday. After a short stay at Madrid we rejoined the Airedale at Barcelona, and went 500 miles by sea to Leghorn. We experienced bad weather and many storms, and every one on board was ill except myself. The cook was a great sufferer, and his absence was naturally felt by those who were able to look at food without aversion.

From Leghorn we went to Elba, when I saw the place Napoleon embarked from after the "hundred days". We left the Airedale at Civiti Vecchia and started for Rome in our travelling-carriage with six horses, escorted by some of the Papal Guard sent by the Pope to protect us. I met many of my friends in the Eternal City; I saw everything worth seeing during my delightful sojourn there, and before we left Lord Cardigan and I were blessed by the Pope at an audience we had with his Holiness. As I wished to go to Genoa by sea, we returned to Civita Vecchia and set out in the yacht for Genoa, where we landed; we went from there to Turin, and on by rail by the Mont Cenis route to Paris [Map].

Paris was then a city of delight, revelling in the palmy days of the Second Empire, and I greatly enjoyed my visit there. One night I went to the Opera with Cardigan and we saw Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Trelawney in a box. Mrs. Trelawney was the famous Miss Howard, once the English mistress of Louis Napoleon (age 50), who paid her £250,000 when he renounced her to marry Eugenie de Montijo (age 32). Mrs. Trelawney annoyed the Emperor (age 50) and Empress (age 32) as much as she dared by sitting opposite the Royal box at the Opera, and driving almost immediately behind the Empress's (age 32) carriage in the Bois de Boulogne. She was a very fat woman, and her embonpoint increased to such an extent that the doors of her carriage had to be enlarged to allow her to get in and out with comfort.

Clarence Trelawney was a friend of mine, and the poor fellow came to a sad end. After his wife's death he married an American lady, but unfortunately he got into debt. He appealed to his relations, who were very wealthy but apparently equally mean, for they refused to lend him the £400 he asked for, and driven desperate by worry he blew out his brains.

From Paris we came to London and stayed at Lord Cardigan's town-house in Portman Square Marylebone; then we went to Deene [Map] on December 14, where we met with a royal reception, six hundred tenants on horseback escorting our carriage from the station to the house.

Adelaide Ida Curzon Howe Countess of Westmoreland: Adeline Horsey Recollections. After my marriage Lord Cardigan and I always went to the different meetings, and generally met all our friends; among others, Lord and Baroness Westmorland, Lord and Baroness Hastings, the Duchess of Beaufort, Willie Craven, George Bruce, and Prince Batthyany. Newmarket was quite a charming rendezvous of society then, so different from the mixed crowd that goes there nowadays, and it could be easily re-christened "Jewmarket", for the Chosen are everywhere. In 1835 she was born to Richard William Penn Curzon Howe 1st Earl Howe (age 38) and Harriet Georgiana Brudenell Countess Howe (age 36). On 16 Jul 1857 Francis William Henry Fane 12th Earl of Westmoreland (age 31) and Adelaide Ida Curzon Howe Countess of Westmoreland (age 22) were married. She the daughter of Richard William Penn Curzon Howe 1st Earl Howe (age 60) and Harriet Georgiana Brudenell Countess Howe. He the son of John Fane 11th Earl of Westmoreland (age 73) and Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole Countess of Westmoreland (age 64).

Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole Countess of Westmoreland: On 13 Mar 1793 she was born to William Wellesley aka Wellesley-Pole 3rd Earl Mornington (age 29) and Katherine Forbes Countess Mornington (age 32). On 26 Jun 1811 John Fane 11th Earl of Westmoreland (age 27) and Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole Countess of Westmoreland (age 18) were married. She the daughter of William Wellesley aka Wellesley-Pole 3rd Earl Mornington (age 48) and Katherine Forbes Countess Mornington (age 50). He the son of John Fane 10th Earl of Westmoreland (age 52) and Sarah Anne Child Countess of Westmoreland. On 15 Dec 1841 John Fane 10th Earl of Westmoreland (age 82) died. His son John Fane 11th Earl of Westmoreland (age 57) succeeded 11th Earl of Westmoreland 2C 1624. Priscilla Anne Wellesley-Pole Countess of Westmoreland (age 48) by marriage Countess of Westmoreland.


On 16 Oct 1860 William Meredyth Somerville 1st Baron Meredyth and Athlumney (age 58) and Maria Georgiana Elizabeth Jones (age 29) were married. The difference in their ages was 29 years.

On 16 Oct 1874 Osborne De Vere Beauclerk 12th Duke St Albans was born to William Amelius Aubrey Beauclerk 10th Duke St Albans (age 34) and Grace Bernal Duchess St Albans (age 26).

On 16 Oct 1883 Montagu Arthur Bertie 7th Earl Abingdon (age 47) and Gwendoline Mary Dormer (age 18) were married. The difference in their ages was 28 years. He the son of Montagu Bertie 6th Earl Abingdon (age 75) and Elizabeth Lavinia Harcourt Countess Abingdon.

On 16 Oct 1897 Henry de la Poer Beresford 6th Marquess Waterford (age 22) and Beatrix Petty-Fitzmaurice Duchess St Albans (age 20) were married. She by marriage Marchioness Waterford. She the daughter of Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice 5th Marquess Lansdowne (age 52) and Maud Evelyn Hamilton Marchioness Lansdowne (age 47). He the son of John Beresford 5th Marquess Waterford and Blanche Elizabeth Adelaide Somerset. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 16 Oct 1919 Henry Fitzharding 2nd Viscount Portman (age 90) died. His son Henry Berkeley Fitzharding 3rd Viscount Portman (age 59) succeeded 3rd Viscount Portman.

On 16 Oct 1971 Alexander Peregrine Fuller-Acland-Hood 2nd Baron St Audries (age 77) died. Baron St Audries of St Audries in Somerset extinct. His first cousin Alexander William Fuller-Acland-Hood 6th and 8th Baronet (age 70) succeeded 6th Baronet Hood of Tidlake in Surrey and 8th Baronet Bateman of Hartington Hall in Derbyshire.