On this Day in History ... 18th February

18 Feb is in February.

1397 Battle of Nicopolis

1478 Execution of George Duke of Clarence's Servants

1478 Execution of George Duke of Clarence

1504 Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales

1516 Birth of Princess Mary

1554 Wyatt's Rebellion Executions

1653 Three Days' Battle aka Battle of Portland

1662 Great Storm

1712 French Royal Family Deaths from Measles

1878 Double Royal Wedding

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 18th February

After 18 Feb 1347 Martha Armagnac Queen Consort Aragon was born to John I Count Armagnac (age 36) and Beatrice Clermont Countess Armagnac (age 19).

On 18 Feb 1397 Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons (age 57) died whilst a prisoner following the Battle of Nicopolis without male issue. Earl Bedford extinct. His daughter Marie de Coucy Countess Soissons (age 30) succeeded Countess Soissons 1367.

Croyland Chronicle 1478. Before 18 Feb 1478. The indignation of the duke (age 28) was probably still further increased by this; and now each began to look upon the other with no very fraternal eyes. You might then have seen, (as such men are generally to be found in the courts of all princes), flatterers running to and fro, from the one side to the other, and carrying backwards and forwards the words which had fallen from the two brothers, even if they had happened to be spoken in the most secret closet. The arrest of the duke for the purpose of compelling him to answer the charges brought against him, happened under the following circumstances. One Master John Stacy, a person who was called an astronomer, when in reality he was rather a great sorcerer, formed a plot in conjunction with one Burdet, an esquire, and one of the said duke's (age 28) household; upon which, he was accused, among numerous other charges, of having made leaden images and other things to procure thereby the death of Richard, lord Beauchamp (age 43), at the request of his adulterous wife1. Upon being questioned in a very severe examination as to his practice of damnable arts of this nature, he made confession of many matters, which told both against himself and the said Thomas Burdet. The consequence was, that Thomas was arrested as well; and at last judgment of death was pronounced upon them both, at Westminster, from the Bench of our lord the king, the judges being there seated, together with nearly all the lords temporal of the kingdom. Being drawn to the gallows at Tyburn [Map], they were permitted briefly to say what they thought fit before being put to death; upon which, they protested their innocence, Stacy indeed but faintly; while, on the other hand, Burdet spoke at great length, and with much spirit, and, as his last words, exclaimed with Susanna28, 'Behold! I must die; whereas I never did such things as these."

Note 28. History of Susanna, verse. 43.

Note 1. This is somewhat confusing since Elizabeth Stafford (age 43), wife of Richard Beauchamp 2nd Baron Beauchamp Powick (age 43) is reported by some sources as dying on 27 Jan 1466?

Chronicle of Robert Fabyan 1478. This yere, that is to meane ye xviii. daye of February, the Duke of Clarence (age 28) and .... 2brother to the King, thanne being prysoner in ye Tower [Map], was secretely put to deth and drowned in a barell of maluesye within the said Tower. And this mayer this yere pursued also the reparacyon of the wallys, but nat so dylygently as his predccessour dyd, wherfore it was nat spedde as it might haue been, and also he was a syke and a feble man, and hadde not so sharpe and quycke mynde as that other hadde. And one other cause was, whiche ensuythe of a generaltie, that for the more partie one mayer wyll nat fynesshe that thing whiche that other begynneth, for then they thynke, be the dede neuer so good and profitable, that the honoure therof shalbe ascribed to the begynner, and nat to the fynyssher, whiche lacke of charytie and deSire of veingiory causeth many good actes and dedys to dye and growe out of minde, to the great decaye of the cōmon weale of the cytie.

Note 2. second brother. edit. 1542. 1559.

On 18 Feb 1478 George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 28) was drowned in a butt of wine (Malmsey) wine in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London [Map]. Duke Clarence, Earl Salisbury extinct. "in a butt of Malmsey wine" may refer to 1 a butt full of Malmsey wine or 2 a butt that once contained Malmsey wine that was subsequently re-used for another purpose such as washing or bathing.

William Hussey (age 35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

Richard, Duke of Gloucester (age 25) succeeded 2nd Earl Richmond.

The only other person known to have been executed, or ritually killed, by drowning in a butt of wine is Muirchertach mac Muiredaig High King of Ireland (as reported by the Annals of Ulster) in his case at Newgrange Passage Tomb [Map].

Memoirs of Philip de Commines Book 2 Chapter 7. [18 Feb 1478]. King Edward caused his brother the Duke of Clarence, to be drowned in a butt [original France pipe] of malmsey, charging him with a design of endeavouring to dethrone him;

Chronicle of Jean Molinet Chapter 94. [18 Feb 1478]. His brother, the Duke of Clarence (age 28), rebelled against his mother-in-law, and was defeated by trial, and sentenced to die, except by the grace of this king who would not grant him any other mercy, except to choose his preferred method of death; he prayed to die by drowning in a butt2 of Malvasia wine, and so it happened.

Son frère, le duc de Clarence, querella contre sa marastre, et fut vaincu par procès, et jugé à mourir, saulf la grâce d'icelui roy qui ne lui voulut faire aullre miséricorde, sinon de choisir telle mort qu'il lui plairoit; et pria qu'il peut mourir en une pippe plaine de malvoisie, et ainsi en advint.

Note 1. "marastre". Typically step-mother, or bad-mother. In this context this appears to refer to his mother-in-law Anne Neville who had been declared legally dead so that George could enjoy the benfit of the estates and wealth of the Earldom of Warwick.

Note 2. A French "pipe" or is an English "butt", which holds 108 gallons, around, 500 litres, half a Tun. Typicially around 125cm aka 4ft high.

Croyland Chronicle 1478. The circumstances that happened in the ensuing Parliament my mind quite shudders to enlarge upon, for then was to be witnessed a sad strife carried on before these two brethren of such high estate.29 For not a single person uttered a word against the duke (age 28), except the king (age 35); not one individual made answer to the king except the duke (age 28). Some parties were introduced, however, as to whom it was greatly doubted by many, whether they filled the office of accusers rather, or of witnesses: these two offices not being exactly suited to the same person in the same cause. The duke met all the charges made against him with a denial, and offered, if he could only obtain a hearing, to defend his cause with his own hand. But why delay in using many words? Parliament, being of opinion that the informations which they had heard were established, passed sentence upon him of condemnation, the same being pronounced by the mouth of Henry, duke of Buckingham (age 23), who was appointed Seneschal of England for the occasion. After this, execution was delayed for a considerable time; until the Speaker of the Commons, coming to the upper house with his fellows, made a fresh request that the matter might be brought to a conclusion. In consequence of this, in a few days after, the execution, whatever its nature may have been, took place, (and would that it had ended these troubles!) in the Tower of London [Map], it being the year of our Lord, 1478, and the eighteenth of the reign of king Edward.

Note 29. One would think that "tantae himanitatis," can hardly mean "of such humanity," when applied to such persons as Edward the Fourth and his brother Clarence.

Journal of Jean de Roye. 18 Feb 1478. In the year 1478, it happened in the kingdom of England that because King Edward of said kingdom was informed that one of his brothers, who was Duke of Clarence, intended to cross the sea and go down to Flanders to give aid and support to his sister, the Duchess of Burgundy, widow of the late duke, he had the said Duke of Clarence taken and imprisoned in the Tower of London, where he was detained prisoner for a certain long period of time. During this time, King Edward convened his council, and by their deliberation, he was condemned to be taken from the said Tower of London, dragged on his buttocks to the gallows of the said city of London, and there to be opened up and his entrails thrown into a fire, and then his neck to be cut and his body quartered. But later, by the great prayer and request of the mother (age 62) of the aforementioned Edward and Clarence, his condemnation was changed and amended, so that in the month of February of said year, the Duke of Clarence being a prisoner in the said tower, he was taken and drawn from his said prison, and after he had been confessed, he was placed and thrown alive into a butt of Malvasia, split open at one end, with his head downwards, and he remained there until he gave up his spirit. Then he was pulled out and his neck was cut, and afterwards he was buried and carried to be buried at ...... with his wife, formerly the daughter of the Earl of Warwick, who died on the day of Coventry with the Prince of Wales, son of the holy King Henry of England1.

Oudit an LXXVII , advint ou royaume d'Angleterre que pour ce que le roy Edouard dudit royaume fut acertené que ung sien frere, qui estoit duc de Clairence, avoit intencion de passer la mer et aler descendre en Flandres pour donner aide et secours à sa seur duchesse en Bourgongne, vesve dudit defunct le derrenier duc, fist icellui roy Edouard prendre et constituer prisonnier sondit frere et mettre prisonnier en la tour de Londres, où il fut depuis detenu prisonnier par certaine longue espace de temps, pendant lequel ledit roy Edouart assembla son conseil, et par la deliberacion d'icellui fut condempné à estre mené depuis ladicte tour de Londres traynant sur ses fesses jusques au gibet de ladicte ville de Londres, et ilec estre ouvert et ses entrailles gecter dedens ung feu, et puis lui copper le col et mettre le corps en quatre quartiers. Mais depuis, par la grant priere et requeste de la mere desdiz Edouard et de Clairence fut sa condampnacion changée et muée, tellement que, ou moys de Fevrier oudit an, icellui de Clairance estant prisonnier en ladicte tour, fut prins et tiré de sadicte prison, et après qu'il ot esté confessé, fut mis et bouté tout vif dedens une queue de Malevoisye defonsée par l'un des boutz , la teste en bas, et y demoura jusques à ce qu'il eust rendu l'esperit, et puis fut tiré dehors et lui fut le col coppé, et après ensevely et porté enterrer à ...... avecques sa femme , jadis fille du conte de Waruik , qui mourut à la journée de Coventry avecques le prince de Galles , filz du saint roy Henry d'Angleterre , de Lancastre.

Note 1. The Earl of Warwick was killed at the Battle of Barnet on 14 Apr 1471.

Edward if Westminster, Prince of Wales, was killed at the Battle of Tewskebury on the 4th May 1471.

Memoirs of Oliver La Marche. [18 Feb 1478] And this army was drawn to the Hogue Saint Vas in Normandy, because the ships of the Duke of Clarence and the Earl of Warwick had retired there; and it was the intention of the Duke of Burgundy to hinder their return to England. King Edward and the Duke of Burgundy agreed together to withdraw that army; and thus that army was disbanded for that season, and afterwards the King of England found a way to regain his brother, and had him killed in a bath, as it was said;

Et tira ceste armée a la Hogue Sainct Vas en Normandie, pour ce que les navieres du duc de Clairance et du conte de Warvich s’y estoient retirez; et estoit I'intencion du duc de Bourgoingne de leur destourber leur retour en Angleterre. Le Roy Edouart et le duc de Bourgoingne se conclurent ensemble de retirer celle armée; et ainsi fut icelle armée rompue pour celle saison, et deppuis le Roy d’Angleterre trouva maniere de r’avoir son frere, et le fit mourir en ung baing, comme l'on disoit;

The History of King Richard the Third by Thomas More. George, Duke of Clarence (age 28), was a goodly noble prince, and at all points fortunate, if either his own ambition had not set him against his brother (age 35), or the envy of his enemies had not set his brother against him. For were it by the Queen (age 41) and the lords of her blood, who highly maligned the King's kindred (as women commonly, not of malice but of nature, hate them whom their husbands love), or were it a proud appetite of the Duke (age 28) himself intending to be king, in any case, heinous treason was there laid to his charge, and, finally, were he faulty or were he faultless, attainted was he by Parliament and judged to the death, and thereupon hastily drowned in a butt of malmesey, whose death, King Edward (although he commanded it), when he knew it was done, piteously bewailed and sorrowfully repented. .

On 18 Feb 1504 Henry VIII (age 12) was created Prince of Wales and 1st Earl Chester. John Mordaunt 1st Baron Mordaunt (age 24) was created Knight of the Bath. Richard Empson (age 54) was knighted.

Grafton's Chronicle. 18 Feb 1504. In which yeare the eighteenth day of February, the King (age 47) at his Palace of Westminster, with all solemnity created his only son Henry Prince of Wales (age 12), Earl of Chester, &c. which noble youngling succeded his father, not only in the inheritance and regality, but also was to him equal in honour, fame, learning and policy.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1510-1519. 18 Feb 1516. This yeare the Ladie Marie, Princes, was borne at Greenewich, in Februarie.

February 18th.

On 18 Feb 1516 Queen Mary I of England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII (age 24) and Catherine of Aragon (age 30) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich [Map]. Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan (age 48) was created 1st Baron Bryan and appointed the child's governess. Catherine York Countess Devon (age 36) was her godmother.

On 18 Feb 1528 Piers "Red" Butler 8th Earl Ormonde 1st Earl Ossory (age 61) resigned their claim to the Ormonde inheritance since King Henry VIII of England and Ireland (age 36) wanted the titles for Thomas Boleyn 1st Earl Wiltshire and Ormonde (age 51) to whom they were subsequently granted.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 18 Feb 1554. 18 Feb 1554. The 18 of February Bright,b one of the capteyns of the Londoners that fledd to Wyatt (age 33), and xxii persons more of the Kentish men, were delivered to the sheriffe of Kent, to be executed in divers places in Kent appoynted by the Queens Councell.

Note b. In most chronicles spelt Brett, but in the Diary of a Resident in London Bart.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 18 Feb 1561. The iij yere of quen Elezabeth (age 27) the xviij day of [February] was sant Gorge fest; how all the knyghtes of the garter stod that day in order, the furst

On the Quen['s side.]

The Quen('s) grace (age 27).

The kyng Phelype (age 33).

The constabulle of France (age 67).

The yerle of Arundell (age 48).

The yerle of Darbe (age 51).

The duke of Northfoke (age 24).

The lord Pagett (age 55).

The yerle of Westmerland (age 36).

The lord chamburlayn, Haward (age 51).

The yerle of Shrowsbere (age 33)

The lord Montyguw-Browne (age 32).

The lord Gray of Wyltun (age 52).

On the Emperowre('s) syd.

The emperowre Ferna[ndo.] (age 57)

The prynse of Pyamont (age 32).

The duke Vanholtt (age 35).

The markes of Wynchester, tresorer (age 78).

The yerle of Penbroke (age 60).

The lord admerall Clynton (age 49).

The maques of Northamtun-Pare (age 49).

The yerle of Rutland-Rosse (age 34).

The yerle of Sussex (age 36).

The lord of Lugborow (age 40).

The lord Robart Dudley (age 28).

The lord of Hunsdon-Care (age 34).

On 18 Feb 1598 Admiral Clement Paston (age 77) died. Tomb in the Church of St Michael, Oxnead [Map]. Rush Mat.

Admiral Clement Paston: Around 1521 he was born to William Paston and Bridget Heydon. Before 18 Feb 1598 Admiral Clement Paston and Alice Pakington were married.

On 18 Feb 1609 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon was born to Henry Hyde (age 46) and Mary Langford.

After 18 Feb 1646. Brass at St Laurence's Church, Ludlow [Map] to Frances, the wife of Henry Mello [?] of Ludlow, who died on 18 Feb 1646 aged twenty-six.

The Three Days' Battle aka Battle of Portland took place between 18 and 20 Feb 1653. The English fleet was attacked by the Dutch fleet.

Vice-Admiral William Goodson captained the Entrance.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Feb 1662. So home and to musique, and so to bed.

Pepy's Diary. 18 Feb 1665. Up, and to the office, where sat all the morning; at noon to the 'Change [Map], and thence to the Royall Oake taverne in Lombard Street, where Sir William Petty (age 41) and the owners of the double-bottomed boat (The Experiment) did entertain my Lord Brunkard (age 45), Sir R. Murrey, myself, and others, with marrow bones and a chine of beefe of the victuals they have made for this ship; and excellent company and good discourse: but, above all, I do value Sir William Petty (age 41).

Pepy's Diary. 18 Feb 1666. After dinner they gone, and it being a brave day, I walked to White Hall, where the Queene (age 56) and ladies are all come: I saw some few of them, but not the Queene (age 56), nor any of the great beauties. I endeavoured to have seen my Lord Hinchingbrooke (age 18), who come to town yesterday, but I could not.

On 12 Feb 1712 Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) died of measles at Versailles.

On 18 Feb 1712 Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy (age 29) died of measles contracted when nursing his wife Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) who had died six days previously.

On 08 Mar 1712, their eldest son, heir to the throne, Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany (age 5) died of measles.

The heir to the French throne their only remaining son Louis (age 1), aged two, great-grandson of the reigning monarch Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 73) succeeded his great-grandfather three years later in 1715.

On 18 Feb 1742 John Morgan was born to Judge Thomas Morgan of Rhiwpera (age 39).

On 18 Feb 1755 Charles Cockerell 1st Baronet was born to John Cockerell (age 41).

On 18 Feb 1775 Thomas Girtin was born.

Minutes of the Society of Antiquaries. 18 Feb 1819. Mr Kirk Patrick brought the seals of all of the Bishops of Norwich curiously drawn by himself from the originals which he designs for the Press.

Mr Vertue was ordered to print off 100 more of Rich: II, and 100 more of the Lamp; and he is desired to add the Inscription according to the Copy delivered to him if Mr Director approves of it.

On 18 Feb 1843 George V King Hanover (age 23) and Marie Saxe Altenburg Queen Consort Hanover were married. He the son of Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 71) and Frederica Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover. He a grandson of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 18 Feb 1860 Anders Zorn was born.

On 18 Feb 1878 a double Royal Wedding took place at Berlin. The brides were second-cousins.

Bernhard Saxe Meiningen III Duke Saxe Meiningen (age 26) and Charlotte Hohenzollern (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Frederick III King Prussia (age 46) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 37). He the son of Georg II Duke of Saxe Meiningen (age 51). She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Frederick Augustus II Grand Duke of Oldenburg (age 25) and Elisabeth Anna Hohenzollern (age 21) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

The event was attended by King Leopold II of Belgium (age 42) and his wife Marie Henriette of Austria, and the Prince of Wales (age 36) and his brother Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn (age 27).

Births on the 18th February

On 18 Feb 1238 Henry Otto Hohenstaufen was born to Frederick I King Jerusalem II Holy Roman Emperor (age 43) and Isabella Plantagenet Holy Roman Empress (age 24). He a grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

After 18 Feb 1347 Martha Armagnac Queen Consort Aragon was born to John I Count Armagnac (age 36) and Beatrice Clermont Countess Armagnac (age 19).

On 18 Feb 1391 Marie Montfort Duchess Alençon was born to John Montfort V Duke Brittany (age 52) and Joanna of Navarre Queen Consort England (age 21). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

Around 18 Feb 1440 William Eure was born to Ralph Eure (age 28) and Eleanor Greystoke (age 24) at Berwick Castle [Map]. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward III of England.

On 18 Feb 1516 Queen Mary I of England and Ireland was born to Henry VIII (age 24) and Catherine of Aragon (age 30) at Palace of Placentia, Greenwich [Map]. Margaret Bourchier 1st Baroness Bryan (age 48) was created 1st Baron Bryan and appointed the child's governess. Catherine York Countess Devon (age 36) was her godmother.

On 18 Feb 1520 Carlos Aviz was born to Manuel "Fortunate" I King Portugal (age 50) and Eleanor of Austria Queen Consort France Queen Consort Portugal (age 21). Coefficient of inbreeding 7.55%.

On 18 Feb 1577 Roger North of Mildenhall was born to Henry North of Mildenhall, Suffolk and Mary Knevit.

On 18 Feb 1584 Philippe Carteret 3rd Seigneur Sark was born to Philippe Carteret 2nd Seigneur Sark (age 32) and Rachel Paulet (age 20).

On 18 Feb 1589 Henry Vane "The Elder" was born to Henry Vane of Hadlow in Kent (age 29) and Margaret Twyden (age 25).

On 18 Feb 1609 Edward Hyde 1st Earl Clarendon was born to Henry Hyde (age 46) and Mary Langford.

On 18 Feb 1682 Christopher Bond was born.

On 18 Feb 1715 Augustus Berkeley 4th Earl Berkeley was born to James Berkeley 3rd Earl Berkeley (age 35) and Louisa Lennox Countess Berkeley (age 20). He a great grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 18 Feb 1721 William Hamilton was born to James Hamilton 7th Earl Abercorn (age 34) and Anne Plumer Countess Abercorn (age 31).

On 18 Feb 1724 Robert King 1st Baron Kingsborough was born to Henry King 3rd Baronet (age 43) and Isabella Wingfield (age 41).

On 18 Feb 1730 John Dormer was born to John Dormer 7th Baron Dormer (age 38).

On 18 Feb 1742 John Morgan was born to Judge Thomas Morgan of Rhiwpera (age 39).

On 18 Feb 1746 John Dyke Acland was born to John Dyke Acland 7th Baronet (age 23) and Elizabeth Dyke Lady Acland.

On 18 Feb 1755 Charles Cockerell 1st Baronet was born to John Cockerell (age 41).

On 18 Feb 1766 George Evans 4th Baron Carbery was born to George Evans 3rd Baron Carbery (age 33) and Elizabeth Horton Baroness Carbery.

On 18 Feb 1775 Thomas Girtin was born.

On 18 Feb 1802 Adolphus Fitzclarence was born illegitimately to King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 36) and Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan" (age 40).

On 18 Feb 1804 Isaac Lowthian Bell 1st Baronet was born.

On 18 Feb 1809 Henry George Jarvis was born to George Ralph Payne Jarvis (age 34).

On 18 Feb 1820 Maria Copley Young was born to Robert Herries Spearman Young (age 37).

On 18 Feb 1848 Charles Noel-Hill was born to Charles Arthur Wentworth Harwood Noel-Hill (age 36).

On 18 Feb 1853 John Lister-Kaye 3rd Baronet was born to Lister Lister-Kaye (age 25) and Caroline Pepys.

On 18 Feb 1858 Louise Wettin was born to King Leopold II of Belgium (age 22) in Brussels [Map].

On 18 Feb 1860 Anders Zorn was born.

On 18 Feb 1862 Cecil Sydney Archibald Vernon was born to Greville Richard Vernon (age 26).

On 18 Feb 1879 Count László Széchenyi de Sárvár-Felsővidék was born.

On 18 Feb 1889 Lalage Mary Kathleen Acland was born to John Edward Acland-Troyte (age 40).

On 18 Feb 1918 Primula Susan Rollo was born.

On 18 Feb 1918 George Byng was born to Arthur Stanley Byng 10th Viscount Torrington (age 41).

On 18 Feb 1940 Francis Egerton 7th Duke Sutherland was born to Cyril Reginald Egerton (age 34).

Marriages on the 18th February

On 18 Feb 1413 Thomas Grey of Heton (age 9) and Isabel York Countess Eu and Essex (age 4) were married. She the daughter of Richard of Conisbrough 1st Earl Cambridge (age 27) and Anne Mortimer. They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 18 Feb 1432 Ralph Bigod Lord Morley (age 21) and Anne Greystoke (age 20) were married. They were fourth cousins. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

Before 18 Feb 1505 Edward Howard (age 29) and Elizabeth Stapleton (age 64) were married. The difference in their ages was 35 years; she, unusually, being older than him. He the son of Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 62) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey.

On 18 Feb 1544 John Talbot (age 31) and Frances Giffard (age 24) were married. The date somewhat suspect given they had a daughter Jane in 1531 but her birthdate may be wrong.

On 18 Feb 1576 Richard Bulkeley (age 43) and Mary Burgh were married.

On 18 Feb 1576 William Spring (age 43) and Susan Jermyn were married. They were half first cousin once removed.

Before 18 Feb 1577 Henry North of Mildenhall, Suffolk and Mary Knevit were married.

On 18 Feb 1584 Thomas Myddelton of Chirk (age 34) and Hester Saltonstall (age 29) were married.

Before 18 Feb 1598 Admiral Clement Paston (age 77) and Alice Pakington were married.

Before 18 Feb 1675 Thomas Coningsby 1st Earl Coningsby (age 18) and Barbara Gorges (age 18) were married.

On 18 Feb 1680 John Ernest Saxe Coburg Saalfeld IV Duke Saxe Coburg Saalfeld (age 21) and Sophie Hedwig Saxe Merseburg Duchess Saxe Coburg Saalfeld were married at Merseburg, Saxony-Anhalt. She by marriage Duchess Saxe Coburg Saalfeld. She the daughter of Christian Saxe Merseburg 1st Duke Saxe Merseburg. He the son of Ernest "The Pious" Saxe Gotha I Duke Saxe Gotha and Elisabeth Sophie Saxe Altenburg Duchess Saxe Gotha (age 60).

On 18 Feb 1692 Philippe Bourbon II Duke Orléans (age 17) and Françoise Marie Bourbon Duchess Orléans (age 15) were married at Palace of Versailles, Versailles. She by marriage Duchess Orléans. She the illegitmate daughter of Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 53) and Françoise Athénaïs Marquise Montespan (age 51). He the son of Philip Bourbon I Duke Orléans (age 51) and Elizabeth Charlotte Palatinate Simmern Duchess Orléans (age 39). They were first cousins. He a great x 2 grandson of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 18 Feb 1705 Richard Molyneux 5th Viscount Molyneux (age 25) and Mary Brudenell Viscountess Molyneux (age 22) were married.

Before 18 Feb 1724 Henry King 3rd Baronet (age 43) and Isabella Wingfield (age 41) were married.

On 18 Feb 1734 Francis Godolphin 2nd Baron Goldolphin (age 27) and Barbara Bentinck (age 24) were married. She the daughter of William Bentinck 1st Earl of Portland and Jane Martha Temple Countess Portland (age 62).

On 18 Feb 1753 Robert Clive "Clive of India" (age 27) and Margaret Maskelyne were married at St Mary's Church, Madras.

On 18 Feb 1778 General William Loftus (age 26) and Margaret King were married.

On 18 Feb 1828 Ernst Christian Carl Hohenlohe Langenburg I Prince (age 33) and Anna Feodora Auguste Charlotte Wilhelmine Leiningen Princess were married at Kensington Palace. She by marriage Princess of Hohenlohe Langenburg.

On 18 Feb 1843 George V King Hanover (age 23) and Marie Saxe Altenburg Queen Consort Hanover were married. He the son of Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 71) and Frederica Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover. He a grandson of King George III of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 18 Feb 1857 Lieutenant-General Arthur Cavendish Bentinck (age 37) and Elizabeth Sophia Hawkins Whitshed were married.

On 18 Feb 1862 David La Touche and Elizabeth Marlay were married. They had six sons and five daughters.

On 18 Feb 1868 Frederick Lygon 6th Earl Beauchamp (age 37) and Emily Annora Charlotte Pierrepont Countess Beauchamp (age 14) were married. She by marriage Countess Beauchamp. The difference in their ages was 22 years. She the daughter of Sydney William Herbert Pierrepont 3rd Earl Manvers (age 43). He the son of Henry Beauchamp Lygon 4th Earl Beauchamp and Susan Caroline Eliot.

On 18 Feb 1878 a double Royal Wedding took place at Berlin. The brides were second-cousins.

Bernhard Saxe Meiningen III Duke Saxe Meiningen (age 26) and Charlotte Hohenzollern (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Frederick III King Prussia (age 46) and Victoria Empress Germany Queen Consort Prussia (age 37). He the son of Georg II Duke of Saxe Meiningen (age 51). She a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

Frederick Augustus II Grand Duke of Oldenburg (age 25) and Elisabeth Anna Hohenzollern (age 21) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King George I of Great Britain and Ireland.

The event was attended by King Leopold II of Belgium (age 42) and his wife Marie Henriette of Austria, and the Prince of Wales (age 36) and his brother Prince Arthur Windsor 1st Duke Connaught and Strathearn (age 27).

On 18 Feb 1886 William Henry Hare Hedges-White 4th Earl Bantry (age 32) and Rosamund Catherine Petre Countess Bantry (age 28) were married. She by marriage Countess Bantry. He the son of William Henry Hare Hedges-White 3rd Earl Bantry.

On 18 Feb 1908 George Beresford Plumptre (age 38) and Mary Augusta Plumptre (age 34) were married. They were first cousins.

Deaths on the 18th February

On 18 Feb 675 Colmán of Lindisfarne (age 70) died at Inishbofin.

On 18 Feb 1225 Hugh Bigod 3rd Earl Norfolk (age 43) died. His son Roger Bigod 4th Earl Norfolk (age 16) succeeded 4th Earl Norfolk.

On 18 Feb 1375 John Talbot (age 38) died in Hereford [Map].

Before 18 Feb 1383 John Dynham (age 64) was murdered by robbers including John Broun.

On 18 Feb 1397 Enguerrand de Coucy 1st Earl Bedford 1st Count Soissons (age 57) died whilst a prisoner following the Battle of Nicopolis without male issue. Earl Bedford extinct. His daughter Marie de Coucy Countess Soissons (age 30) succeeded Countess Soissons 1367.

On 18 Feb 1412 Elizabeth Darcy (age 13) died.

On 18 Feb 1412 Matilda Darcy (age 11) died.

On 18 Feb 1412 Margery Darcy (age 10) died.

On 18 Feb 1478 George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 28) was drowned in a butt of wine (Malmsey) wine in the Bowyer Tower in the Tower of London [Map]. Duke Clarence, Earl Salisbury extinct. "in a butt of Malmsey wine" may refer to 1 a butt full of Malmsey wine or 2 a butt that once contained Malmsey wine that was subsequently re-used for another purpose such as washing or bathing.

William Hussey (age 35) conducted the impeachment of the Duke of Clarence for treason.

Richard, Duke of Gloucester (age 25) succeeded 2nd Earl Richmond.

The only other person known to have been executed, or ritually killed, by drowning in a butt of wine is Muirchertach mac Muiredaig High King of Ireland (as reported by the Annals of Ulster) in his case at Newgrange Passage Tomb [Map].

On 18 Feb 1478 William Stourton 2nd Baron Stourton (age 52) died. He was buried in St Mary's Church, Mere. His son John Stourton 3rd Baron Stourton (age 24) succeeded 3rd Baron Stourton.

On 18 Feb 1505 Elizabeth Stapleton (age 64) died.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 1538. 18 Feb 1538. This yeare, the 18th of Februarie being Mundaye, there was a yonge man, servante to the Ladye Pargetourd of London, drawne from Newgate to Tower Hill, and there was hanged, his members cutt of and bowells brent afore him, and his head cutt of, and his bodie divided in 4 peeces, which yonge man had clipped goulde [gold] to the value of £30; his head was sett on London Bridge [Map], and his quarters at diverse gates of the cittie.

Note d. Wife of Sir Thomas Pargitor, who was Lord Mayor in 1530.

On 18 Feb 1546 Martin Luther (age 62) died.

On 18 Feb 1558 George Barnes died. He was buried at St Bartholomew by the Exchange Church.

On 18 Feb 1598 Admiral Clement Paston (age 77) died. Tomb in the Church of St Michael, Oxnead [Map]. Rush Mat.

Admiral Clement Paston: Around 1521 he was born to William Paston and Bridget Heydon. Before 18 Feb 1598 Admiral Clement Paston and Alice Pakington were married.

Before 18 Feb 1628 Francis Harries aka Harris died.

On 18 Feb 1656 Walter Astley (age 66) died.

On 18 Feb 1658 John Villiers 1st Viscount Purbeck (age 67) died without issue. Viscount Purbeck extinct although Robert Wright aka Villiers aka Danvers (age 33), illegitimate son of his wife Frances Coke Viscountess Purbeck and Robert Howard attempted to claim the title.

On 18 Feb 1671 John Mennes Comptroller (age 71) died.

On 18 Feb 1683 Edouard Carteret Gentleman Usher (age 63) died while on a visit to St. Ouen's Manor. The St. Lawrence Church Register declares:- "He was buried with the pomp and splendour that his dignity deserved".

On 18 Feb 1696 Anne Gawdy (age 40) died. She was buried at St Mary's Church, Great Witchingham.

On 12 Feb 1712 Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) died of measles at Versailles.

On 18 Feb 1712 Louis Bourbon Duke Burgundy (age 29) died of measles contracted when nursing his wife Maria Adelaide Savoy (age 26) who had died six days previously.

On 08 Mar 1712, their eldest son, heir to the throne, Louis Bourbon Duke Brittany (age 5) died of measles.

The heir to the French throne their only remaining son Louis (age 1), aged two, great-grandson of the reigning monarch Louis "Sun King" XIV King France (age 73) succeeded his great-grandfather three years later in 1715.

On 18 Feb 1724 George Wheler (age 73) died. He was buried in the Galilee of the Durham Cathedral [Map].

On 18 Feb 1726 John Molesworth 2nd Viscount Molesworth (age 47) died. His brother Richard Molesworth 3rd Viscount Molesworth (age 46) succeeded 3rd Viscount Molesworth of Swords.

On 18 Feb 1729 Alexander Montgomerie 9th Earl Eglinton (age 69) died. His son Alexander Montgomerie 10th Earl Eglinton (age 6) succeeded 10th Earl Eglinton.

On 18 Feb 1735 Elizabeth Egerton died.

On 18 Feb 1748 William Gore (age 56) died.

On 18 Feb 1767 William Sloane (age 71) died.

On 18 Feb 1780 Catherine Manners died.

On 18 Feb 1795 David Kinloch 5th Baronet (age 85) died.

On 18 Feb 1817 Robert Edward Clifford (age 49) died.

On 18 Feb 1819 Richard Bagot aka Howard (age 85) died.

On 18 Feb 1825 Elizabeth Cope Lady Welby (age 67) died.

On 18 Feb 1831 Mary Macdonald died.

On 18 Feb 1831 Charles Henry Somerset (age 63) died.

On 18 Feb 1832 Mary Wagstaffe (age 71) died.

On 18 Feb 1840 David William Murray 3rd Earl of Mansfield (age 62) died. His son William David Murray 4th and 3rd Earl Mansfield (age 33) succeeded 4th Earl Mansfield in Middlesex, 9th Viscount Stormont.

On 18 Feb 1840 Crown Princess Elisabeth Christine of Prussia (age 93) died.

On 18 Feb 1843 Louisa Georgiana Beauclerk (age 36) died.

On 11 or 18 Feb 1845 Joseph Strutt (age 86) died.

On 18 Feb 1853 Sophia Louisa Sutton died.

On 18 Feb 1853 Bishop John Kaye (age 69) died at Riseholme Hall, Lincolnshire. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Riseholme.

On 18 Feb 1866 Charles Wyndham (age 70) died.

On 18 Feb 1866 Henry Peyton 3rd Baronet (age 61) died. His son Algernon William Peyton 4th Baronet (age 32) succeeded 4th Baronet Peyton of Doddington.

On 18 Feb 1881 William Lennox (age 81) died.

On 18 Feb 1885 George Edgecumbe (age 84) died.

On 18 Feb 1888 William Edmonstone 4th Baronet (age 78) died.

On 18 Feb 1895 Georgina Melita Maria Ponsonby (age 66) died.

On 18 Feb 1899 Colonel Edward Andrew Noel (age 74) died.

On 18 Feb 1899 Halswell Milborne Kemeys-Tynte (age 47) died.

On 18 Feb 1914 Reverend Maurice William Ferdinand St John (age 86) died.

On 18 Feb 1917 Catherine Dorothea Simeon died.

On 18 Feb 1919 Thomas Dyke Acland 12th Baronet (age 76) died. His brother Arthur Dyke Acland 13th Baronet (age 71) succeeded 13th Baronet Acland of Columb John in Devon. Alice Sophia Cunningham Lady Acland (age 70) by marriage Lady Acland of Columb John in Devon.

On 18 Feb 1924 Ruth Lascelles died.

On 18 Feb 1927 Mabel Annie Brassey (age 62) died.

On 18 Feb 1933 Simon Fraser 14th Lord Lovat (age 61) died.

On 18 Feb 1944 Commander John Montagu Granville Waldegrave (age 38) was killed in action when the Penelope was torpedoed by U-410 while returning from Anzio.

On 18 Feb 1962 Evelyn Hugh Boscawen 8th Viscount Falmouth (age 74) died. His son George Hugh Boscawen 9th Viscount Falmouth (age 42) succeeded 9th Viscount Falmouth.

On 18 Feb 1984 Corina Kavanagh (age 93) died.

On 18 Feb 2002 Ela Helen Aline Beaumont Countess Carlisle (age 76) died.

On 18 Feb 2018 Rosemary Verena Edith Villiers (age 82) died.