On this Day in History ... 20th June

20 Jun is in June.

1347 Battle of La Roche Derrien

1461 Coronation of Edward IV

1528 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1541 Executions

1665 Battle of Lowestoft

1665 Great Plague of London

1684 Rye House Plot

1837 Death of King William IV Succession of Queen Victoria

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 20th June

On 20 Jun 840 Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks (age 62) died. His son Pepin I King Aquitaine succeeded I King Aquitaine. Ingeltrude Madrie Queen Consort Aquitaine by marriage Queen Consort Aquitaine.

On 20 Jun 1347 Charles "Saint" Chatillon Duke Brittany (age 28) was captured by Thomas Dagworth 1st Baron Dagworth (age 71) at La Roche Derrien during the Battle of La Roche Derrien.

Around 20 Jun 1353 Louis I King Hungary King Poland (age 27) and Elizabeth Bosnia Queen Consort Hungary were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Hungary. He the son of Charles I King Hungary and Elisabeth Unknown Queen Consort Hungary. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Warkworth's Chronicle 1461. 27 Jun 1461.... at the coronacyone1 of the forseyde Edwarde, he create and made dukes his two brythir, the eldere George (age 11) Duke of Clarence, and his yongere brothir Richard (age 8) Duke of Gloucetre; and the Lord Montagu (age 30)2, the Earl of Warwick (age 32)'s brothere, the Earl of Northumberlonde; and one William Stafford squiere, Lord Stafforde of Southwyke; and Sere Herbard (age 38), Lorde Herbard, and after Lorde Earl of Penbroke3; and so the seide Lorde Stafforde (age 22) was made Earl of Devynschire4; the Lorde Gray Ryffyne (age 44), Earl of Kent6; the Lorde Bourchyer (age 57), Earl of Essex; the Lorde Jhon of Bokyngham (age 33), the Earl of Wyltschyre5; Sere Thomas [Walter] Blount (age 45), knyghte, Lord Mont[joy]; Sere Jhon Hawarde, Lorde Hawarde (age 36)8; William Hastynges (age 30) he made Lorde Hastynges and grete Chamberlayne; and the Lorde Ryvers; Denham squyere, Lorde Dynham; and worthy as is afore schewed; and othere of gentylmen and yomenne he made knyghtes and squyres, as they hade desserved.

Note 1. At the coronacyone. King Edward was crowned in Westminster Abbey, on the 29th of June 1461. Warkworth's first passage is both imperfect and incorrect, and would form a very bad specimen of the value of the subsequent portions of his narrative; yet we find it transferred to the Chronicle of Stowe. It must, however, be regarded rather as a memorandum of the various creations to the peerage made during Edward's reign, than as a part of the chronicle. Not even the third peerage mentioned, the Earldom of Northumberland, was conferred at the Coronation, but by patent dated 27 May 1464: and the only two Earldoms bestowed in Edward's first year (and probably at the Coronation) were, the Earldom of Essex, conferred on Henry Viscount Bourchier, Earl of Eu in Normandy, who had married the King's aunt, the Princess Isabel of York; and the Earldom of Kent, conferred on William Neville, Lord Fauconberg, one of King Edward's generals at Towton. The former creation is mentioned by Warkworth lower down in his list; the latter is omitted altogether. - J.G.N.

Note 2. The Lord Montagu. And then Kyng Edward, concidering the greate feate doon by the said Lord Montagu, made hym Earl of Northumberlond; and in July next folowyng th'Earl of Warwyk, with th'ayde of the said Earl of Northumberland, gate agayn the castell of Bamborugh, wheryn was taken Sir Raaf Gray (age 29), which said Ser Raaf (age 29) was after behedid and quartred at York. Also, in this yere, the first day of May, the Kyng wedded Dame Elizabeth Gray (age 24), late wif unto the lord Gray of Groby, and doughter to the Lord Ryvers." - The London Chronicle, MS. Cotton. Vitell. A. xvi. fol. 126, ro. The MS. of the London Chronicle, from which Sir Harris Nicolas printed his edition, does not contain this passage. It is almost unnecessary to remark the chronological incorrectness of the above, but it serves to show how carelessly these slight Chronicles were compiled. Cf. MS. Add. Mus. Brit. 6113, fol. 192, rº. and MS. Cotton. Otho, B. XIV. fol. 221, ro.

Note 3. Lord Earl of Pembroke. William Lord Herbert of Chepstow (age 38), the first of the long line of Herbert Earls of Pembroke, was so created the 27th May 1468. His decapitation by the Duke of Clarence at Northampton in 1469, is noticed by Warkworth in p. 7.-J.G.N.

Note 4. Earl of Devynschire. Humphery Stafford (age 22), created Baron Stafford of Southwick by patent 24th April 1464, was advanced to the Earldom of Devon 7th May 1469; but beheaded by the commons at Bridgwater before the close of the same year, as related by Warkworth, ubi supra. - J.G.N.

Note 5. Earl of Wyltschyre. John Stafford (age 33), created Earl of Wiltshire, 5th Jan. 1470; he died in 1473.—J.G.N.

Note 6. "The Lorde Gray Ryffyne, Earl of Kent". The Earl of Kent, of the family of Neville, died without male issue, a few months after his elevation to that dignity; and it was conferred on the 30th May 1465, on Edmund Lord Grey de Ruthyn (age 44), on occasion of the Queen's coronation. He was cousin-german to Sir John Grey, of Groby, the Queen's first husband. On the same occasion the Queen's son Sir Thomas Grey (age 6) was created Marquess of Dorset; her father Richard Wydevile (age 56) lord Ryvers was advanced to the dignity of Earl Ryvers; and her brother Anthony (age 21) married to the heiress of Scales, in whose right he was summoned to Parliament as a Baron. - J.G.N.

Note 7. Sere Thomas Blount (age 45). This should be Walter, created Lord Montjoy 20th June 1465; he died in 1474.-J.G.N.

Note 8. Sere Jhon Hawarde, Lord Hawarde. John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 36). This peerage dates its origin, by writ of summons to Parliament, during the short restoration of Henry VI. in 1470, a circumstance more remarkable as "evidence exists that he did not attach himself to the interest of that Prince, being constitued by Edward, in the same year, commander of his fleet." See Sir Harris Nicolas's memoir of this distinguished person (afterwards the first Duke of Norfolk) in Cartwright's History of the Rape of Bramber, p. 189.-J.G.N.

On 20 Jun 1483 Fernando II Duke of Braganza (age 53) was executed by John II King Portugal (age 28) who then confiscated the assets of the House of Braganza and the family fled to Castile.

Letters and Papers 1528. 20 Jun 1528. Love Letters III. 4403. Henry VIII (age 36). to Anne Boleyn (age 27).

The doubt I had of your health troubled me extremely, and I should scarcely have had any quiet without knowing the certainty; but since you have felt nothing, I hope it is with you as with us. When we were at Waltham [Map], two ushers, two valets de chambre, your brother (age 25), master "Jesoncre" (Treasurer), fell ill, and are now quite well; and we have since removed to Hunsdon, Hertfordshire [Map], where we are very well, without one sick person. I think if you would retire from Surrey, as we did, you would avoid all danger. Another thing may comfort you:-few women have this illness; and moreover, none of our court, and few elsewhere, have died of it. I beg you, therefore, not to distress yourself at our absence, for whoever strives against fortune is often the further from his end.

Letters and Papers 1528. 20 Jun 1528. R. O. St. P. II. 134. 4398. Norfolk To Wolsey.

Yesterday at Esterforde heard that Wolsey had broken up the term, because of the infection in London. Returned hither, and intends to go to Kenynghale. Asks how long he may stay here before being sent for by the King or Wolsey. Is well amended of his sickness, not having been ill since Thursday week. Sends letters which he has received from Ireland. Unless Wolsey remedies the great danger of "that poor land," fears it will not be recovered without great expense. If the land is overrun and spoiled by the Irish, there will not be victuals to support the force the King will send to punish the rebels, and his Grace will be forced to begin a new conquest as Henry II. did. The only cause is the malice between Kildare and Ossory. Stoke, 20 June.

Hol. Add.: To my [lord] Legate's good grace.

On 20 Jun 1541 Thomas Fiennes 9th Baron Dacre Gilsland (age 26) was tried for the murder of John Busbrig, servant of Nicholas Pelham (age 24) on whose land they were poaching on 30 Apr 1541. Thomas Howard 3rd Duke of Norfolk (age 68) was appointed Lord High Steward for the trial.

On 29 Jun 1541 he was hanged at Tyburn [Map]. He was buried at St Sepulchre without Newgate Church. Baron Dacre Gilsland forfeit. His son Gregory (age 1) would be restored to the title in 1558.

Note. Hall's Chronicle says strangled.

Hall's Chronicle 1541. [20 Jun 1541] In this season was arraigned and condemned three gentlemen, called Mantell, Roydon, and Frowdes, and were hanged at Saint Thomas of Wateringes. Likewise was Thomas Fiennes (age 26) Lord Dacres of the South, arraigned before the Lord Audley of Walden (age 53), then Chancellor of England, and that day High Steward of the same at Westminster, and there before the said Lord Chancellor and his Peers, he confessed the inditement, and so had judgement to be hanged. And so the twenty and nine day of June , being Saint Peter’s day at afternoon, he was led on foot, between the two Sheriffs of London, from the Tower through the city to Tyburn, where he was strangled, as common murderers are, and his body buried in the Church of Saint Sepulchres. The cause of the death of this noble man, and the other gentlemen, was a murder of a simple man and an unlawful assembly made in Sussex. Great moan was made for them all, but most especially for Mantell, who was as witty, and toward a gentleman, as any was in the realm, and a man able to have done good service.

Pepy's Diary. 20 Jun 1665. So I home and to supper and to bed, my wife come home when I come from the office. This day I informed myself that there died four or five at Westminster of the plague in one alley in several houses upon Sunday last, Bell Alley, over against the Palace-gate; yet people do think that the number will be fewer in the towne than it was the last weeke! The Dutch are come out again with 20 sail under Bankert; supposed gone to the Northward to meete their East India fleete.

Pepy's Diary. 20 Jun 1665. Thankes-giving-day for victory over ye Dutch. Up, and to the office, where very busy alone all the morning till church time, and there heard a mean sorry sermon of Mr. Mills. Then to the Dolphin Taverne, where all we officers of the Navy met with the Commissioners of the Ordnance by agreement, and dined: where good musique at my direction. Our club [share] 1 -come to 34s. a man, nine of us.

Note 1. "Next these a sort of Sots there are, Who crave more wine than they can bear, Yet hate, when drunk, to pay or spend Their equal Club or Dividend, But wrangle, when the Bill is brought, And think they're cheated when they're not". The Delights of the Bottle, or the Compleat Vintner, 3rd ed., 1721, p. 29.

Evelyn's Diary. 20 Jun 1665. This evening making my court to the Duke (age 31), I spake to Monsieur Comminges, the French Ambassador, and his Highness (age 31) granted me six prisoners, Embdeners, who were desirous to go to the Barbadoes with a merchant.

Pepy's Diary. 20 Jun 1666. Thence to the Hall and with Mrs. Martin home and staid with her a while, and then away to the Swan [Map] and sent for a bit of meat and dined there, and thence to Faythorne (age 50), the picture-seller's, and there chose two or three good Cutts to try to vernish, and so to Hales's (age 66) to see my father's picture, which is now near finished and is very good, and here I staid and took a nap of an hour, thinking my father and wife would have come, but they did not; so I away home as fast as I could, fearing lest my father this day going abroad to see Mr. Honiwood at Major Russell's might meet with any trouble, and so in great pain home; but to spite me, in Cheapside I met Mrs. Williams in a coach, and she called me, so I must needs 'light and go along with her and poor Knipp (who is so big as she can tumble and looks-every day to lie down) as far as Paternoster Row [Map], which I did do and there staid in Bennett's shop with them, and was fearfull lest the people of the shop, knowing me, should aske after my father and give Mrs. Williams any knowledge of me to my disgrace. Having seen them done there and accompanied them to Ludgate I 'light and into my owne coach and home, where I find my father and wife had had no intent of coming at all to Hales's (age 66). So I at home all the evening doing business, and at night in the garden (it having been these three or four days mighty hot weather) singing in the evening, and then home to supper and to bed.

On 20 Jun 1673 Hugh Wyndham Baron of the Exchequer (age 71) was knighted by King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 43).

On 20 Jun 1684 Thomas Armstrong (age 51) was dragged by hurdle to Tower Hill [Map] where he was hanged, drawn and quartered for his involvement in the Rye House Plot.

Evelyn's Diary. 22 Jun 1684. Last Friday Sir Tho. Armstrong (deceased) was executed at Tyburn [Map] for treason, without tryal, having ben outlaw'd and apprehended in Holland, on the conspiracy of the Duke of Monmouth (age 35), Lord Russell, &c. which gave occasion of discourse to people and lawyers, in reguard it was on an outlawry that judgment was given and execution.

On 20 Jun 1760 Richard Wellesley 1st Marquess Wellesley was born to Garrett Wellesley 1st Earl Mornington (age 24) and Anne Hill Countess Mornington (age 17) at Dungan Castle, Dungan, County Meath.

On 20 Jun 1794 Elizabeth Brodie Duchess Gordon was born to Alexander Brodie.

On 20 Jun 1800 Edward Gordon Douglas Pennant 1st Baron Penrhyn was born to John Douglas (age 43) and Frances Lascelles (age 38).

After 20 Jun 1823. Monument to Reverend Joseph Venables and Mary daughter of Edward Rowland.

On 20 Jun 1837 King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 71) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. His niece Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 18) succeeded I Queen Great Britain and Ireland. His brother Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 66) succeeded King Hanover. Frederica Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover (age 59) by marriage Queen Consort Hanover.

At 5am Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham (age 40) and Archbishop William Howley (age 71) went to Kensington Palace to inform the Princess she was now Queen. Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham (age 40) was the first to address her as 'Your Majesty'.

On 20 Jun 1850 Euphemia "Effie" Gray Lady Millais (age 22) was presented to Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 31).

Births on the 20th June

On 20 Jun 1366 Maud Cromwell was born to Ralph Cromwell 1st Baron Cromwell (age 25) and Maud Bernake (age 29).

On 20 Jun 1389 John Lancaster 1st Duke Bedford was born to King Henry IV of England (age 22) and Mary Bohun (age 21). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.60%.

Before 20 Jun 1443 Tacine Beaufort Baroness Grey Wilton was born illegitimately to John Beaufort 1st Duke of Somerset (age 40). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 20 Jun 1469 Gian Galeazzo Sforza 6th Duke Milan was born to Galeazzo Maria Sforza 5th Duke Milan (age 25) and Bona of Savoy (age 19).

On 20 Jun 1574 William Kettler Duke Courland was born to Gotthard Kettler (age 57) and Anna Mecklenburg-Schwerin (age 40).

On 20 Jun 1634 Charles Emmanuel II Duke of Savoy was born to Victor Amadeus I Duke of Savoy (age 47) and Christine Marie Bourbon Duchess Savoy (age 28). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.09%.

Before 20 Jun 1667 Francis Mundy was born to William Mundy (age 31).

On 20 Jun 1674 Nicholas Rowe Rowe was born.

On 20 Jun 1677 Thomas Stonor was born to John Stonor (age 22) and Mary Talbot (age 18).

On 20 Jun 1697 Ralph Conyers 5th Baronet was born to John Conyers (age 47).

On 20 Jun 1720 Christiana Charlotte Margaret Henrik was born to Johan Henrik Baron de Stöcken.

On 20 Jun 1729 Frederick Campbell was born to John Campbell 4th Duke Argyll (age 36) and Mary Drummond Bellenden (age 44).

On 20 Jun 1734 John Roper was born to Henry Roper 10th Baron Teynham (age 26).

On 20 Jun 1754 Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt was born to Landgrave Louis IX of Hesse-Darmstadt (age 34) and Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken (age 33).

On 20 Jun 1757 Anthony James Radclyffe 5th Earl of Newburgh was born to James Radclyffe 4th Earl of Newburgh (age 31) and Barbara Kemp Countess Newburgh. He a great x 2 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 20 Jun 1760 Richard Wellesley 1st Marquess Wellesley was born to Garrett Wellesley 1st Earl Mornington (age 24) and Anne Hill Countess Mornington (age 17) at Dungan Castle, Dungan, County Meath.

On 20 Jun 1765 Isabella Courtenay was born to William Courtenay 8th Earl Devon (age 22) and Frances Clack Countess Devon.

On 20 Jun 1765 Robert Vyner was born to Thomas Vyner of Eathorpe (age 56).

On 20 Jun 1783 George Fitzgerald was born to William Robert Fitzgerald 2nd Duke Leinster (age 34) and Emilia St George Duchess Leinster at Carton, Kildare, County Kildare. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 20 Jun 1794 Elizabeth Brodie Duchess Gordon was born to Alexander Brodie.

On 20 Jun 1800 Reverend John Brunner was born.

On 20 Jun 1800 Edward Gordon Douglas Pennant 1st Baron Penrhyn was born to John Douglas (age 43) and Frances Lascelles (age 38).

On 20 Jun 1805 Colonel Robert Myddelton-Biddulph was born to Robert Myddelton-Biddulph (age 44) and Charlotte Myddelton (age 35).

On 20 Jun 1826 George Howard was born to Henry Edward John Howard (age 30).

On or before 20 Jun 1827 Thomas Jeckyll was born at Wymondham, Norfolk [Map]. He was baptised 20 Jun 1827.

On 20 Jun 1840 Henry Knollys was born to General William Thomas Knollys (age 42) and Elizabeth St Aubyn (age 25).

On 20 Jun 1840 Gerald Edmund Boyle was born to John Boyle (age 37) and Cecilia Fitzgerald De Ros.

On 20 Jun 1853 Robert Rodney Wilmot 6th Baronet was born to Montagu Wilmot (age 48).

On 20 Jun 1856 Edward Albert Sassoon 2nd Baronet was born to Albert aka Abdullah Sassoon 1st Baronet (age 37) in Bombay, India.

On 20 Jun 1864 Arthur Ernest Hobart-Hampden was born to Charles Edward Hobart-Hampden (age 39).

On 20 Jun 1880 Stewkley Shuckburgh 10th Baronet was born to George Thomas Shuckburgh 9th Baronet (age 50) and Ida Florence Geraldine Robertson Lady Schuckburgh. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.13%.

On 20 Jun 1882 Muriel Grace Adderley Lady Waller was born to Henry Arden Adderley 5th Baron Norton (age 27).

On 20 Jun 1886 Colwyn Edward Vuilliamy was born to Edwyn Papendiek Vulliamy and Edith Jane Beaven.

On 20 Jun 1887 Iain Colquhoun 7th Baronet was born to Alan John Colquhuon 6th Baronet (age 49) and Justine Henrietta Kennedy.

On 20 Jun 1900 Herbrand Sackville 9th Earl De La Warr was born to Gilbert Sackville 8th Earl De La Warr (age 31) and Muriel Agnes Brassey Countess De La Warr.

On 20 Jun 1909 Stephen Hugh Middleton 9th Baronet was born to Hugh Jeffery Middleton (age 29).

Marriages on the 20th June

Around 20 Jun 1353 Louis I King Hungary King Poland (age 27) and Elizabeth Bosnia Queen Consort Hungary were married. She by marriage Queen Consort Hungary. He the son of Charles I King Hungary and Elisabeth Unknown Queen Consort Hungary. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

On 20 Jun 1413 Philip Valois II Count Nevers (age 23) and Bonne Artois Duchess Burgundy (age 17) were married at Beaumont en Artois. She by marriage Countess Nevers. She the daughter of Philip Artois Count Eu and Marie Valois I Duchess Auverge (age 38). He the son of Philip "Bold" Valois II Duke Burgundy and Margaret Dampierre Duchess Burgundy. They were first cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry III of England.

On or before 20 Jun 1492 John Delaval (age 39) and Anne Grey (age 23) were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 20 Jun 1528 John Neville 3rd Baron Latimer (age 34) and Elizabeth Musgrave Baroness Latimer Snape (age 30) were married. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward III of England.

Between 20 Jun 1544 and 10 Feb 1548 William Paulet 3rd Marquess Winchester (age 16) and Agnes Howard Marchioness Winchester (age 9) were married. He the son of John Paulet 2nd Marquess Winchester (age 34) and Elizabeth Willoughby.

On 20 Jun 1586 Francis Coke of Trusley (age 24) and Frances Holles were married.

On 20 Jun 1622 John Stanhope (age 32) and Mary Radclyffe Lady Gell (age 17) were married in Castle Donington, Leicestershire.

Before 20 Jun 1664 Thomas Neal and Elizabeth Garrard Lady Gould (age 20) were married.

Before 20 Jun 1677 John Stonor (age 22) and Mary Talbot (age 18) were married. She the daughter of Francis Talbot 11th Earl of Shrewsbury and Anna Maria Brudenell Countess Shrewsbury and Waterford (age 35).

On 20 Jun 1683 Edward Smith 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Olivia Pepys Lady Smith (age 18) were married at St James' Church, Paddington.

On 20 Jun 1699 Reginald Graham 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Hester Bellingham Lady Graham (age 26) were married at Holy Trinity Church, Goodramgate, York. They were third cousin once removed.

On 20 Jun 1701 John Aubrey 3rd Baronet (age 21) and Mary Steally Lady Aubrey were married at St James' Church, Piccadilly. She by marriage Lady Aubrey of Llantrithyd in Glamorganshire. She his mother's maid who was pregnant at the time of the wedding.

On 20 Jun 1730 Thomas Needham 9th Viscount Kilmorey (age 26) and Mary Shirley Viscountess Kilmorey (age 17) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Kilmorey. She the daughter of Washington Shirley 2nd Earl Ferrers and Mary Levinge Countess Ferrers.

Before 20 Jun 1731 George Legge (age 27) and Elizabeth Kaye Baroness North and Guildford (age 24) were married. He the son of William Legge 1st Earl Dartmouth (age 58) and Anne Finch Countess Dartmouth.

On 20 Jun 1763 William Lee 4th Baronet (age 36) and Elizabeth Harcourt Lady Lee (age 24) were married. She by marriage Lady Lee of Hartwell in Buckinghamshire. She the daughter of Simon Harcourt 1st Earl Harcourt (age 49) and Rebecca Samborne Le Bass.

On 20 Jun 1764 Captain Maurice Suckling (age 38) and Mary Walpole (age 39) were married. She died twenty months later. There was no issue from the marriage.

On 20 Jun 1793 Henry Oxenden 7th Baronet (age 37) and Mary Graham Lady Oxenden (age 20) were married.

On 20 Jun 1795 Charles Fitzroy (age 30) and Frances Mundy were married. He the son of Augustus Henry Fitzroy 3rd Duke Grafton (age 59) and Anne Liddell Duchess Grafton (age 58). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 20 Jun 1803 Edward Wadding Plunkett 14th Baron Dunsany (age 30) and Charlotta Louisa Lawless (age 34) were married.

On 20 Jun 1812 Henry Fitzroy 5th Duke Grafton (age 22) and Mary Caroline Berkeley Duchess Grafton (age 17) were married at Lisbon. He the son of George Henry Fitzroy 4th Duke Grafton (age 52) and Charlotte Maria Waldegrave. He a great x 3 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 20 Jun 1817 Charles Joseph Comte de Flahaut (age 32) and Margaret Mercer Elphinstone Countess Flahaut and 2nd Baroness Keith (age 29) were married at Edinburgh [Map].

On 20 Jun 1820 George Pellew (age 27) and Frances Addington (age 27) were married.

On 20 Jun 1837 Reverend Charles Smith Royds (age 37) and Mary Anne Twemlow were married.

On 20 Jun 1843 Jesse Watts-Russell (age 57) and Maria Barker were married.

On 20 Jun 1867 William Amelius Aubrey Beauclerk 10th Duke St Albans (age 27) and Sybil Mary Grey Duchess St Albans (age 18) were married. She by marriage Duchess St Albans. He the son of William Beauclerk 9th Duke St Albans and Elizabeth Catherine Gubbins Duchess St Albans (age 49). They were fourth cousins. He a great x 4 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 20 Jun 1892 Herbert Archer Croft 10th Baronet (age 23) and Kathleen Hare were married.

On 20 Jun 1898 Derek William George Keppel (age 35) and Bridget Louisa Harbord (age 27) were married. He the son of William Keppel 7th Earl Albermarle and Sophia Mary MacNab of Dundurn Castle (age 65). He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 20 Jun 1961 Henry Robin Ian Russell 14th Duke Bedford (age 21) and Henrietta Joan Tiarks Duchess Bedford were married. He the son of John Ian Robert Russell 13th Duke Bedford (age 44) and Clare Bridgman.

Deaths on the 20th June

On 20 Jun 840 Louis "Pious" King Aquitaine I King Franks (age 62) died. His son Pepin I King Aquitaine succeeded I King Aquitaine. Ingeltrude Madrie Queen Consort Aquitaine by marriage Queen Consort Aquitaine.

On 20 Jun 1100 William I of Nevers (age 70) died. Renaud II Count Nevers and Count Auxerre was for sometime co-ruler of Count Nevers but predeceased his father.

On 20 Jun 1119 Henry Beaumont 1st Earl Warwick (age 69) died. His son Roger Beaumont 2nd Earl Warwick (age 17) succeeded 2nd Earl Warwick.

On 20 Jun 1279 Blanchefleur Hohenstaufen (age 53) died.

On 20 Jun 1320 Roger la Warr 1st Baron de la Warr (age 70) died. His son John la Warr 2nd Baron de la Warr (age 43) succeeded 2nd Baron De La Warr.

On 20 Jun 1398 John Ludlow (age 33) died at Hodnet, Shropshire.

On 20 Jun 1433 Alice Neville Baroness Deincourt (age 75) died at Blankney, Lincolnshire.

On 20 Jun 1483 Fernando II Duke of Braganza (age 53) was executed by John II King Portugal (age 28) who then confiscated the assets of the House of Braganza and the family fled to Castile.

After 20 Jun 1492 James Woodman aka Horsley aka Delaval (age 69) died.

On 20 Jun 1494 Peter Gerard of Bryn Kings (age 33) died at Brindle, Chorley.

Around 20 Jun 1510 Elizabeth Courtenay (age 63) died.

On 20 Jun 1548 Rowland Babington (age 71) died.

On 20 Jun 1557 Edward Cope (age 33) died.

Between 20 Jun 1562 and 26 Jun 1562 Edward Crome died.

After 20 Jun 1573 Mary Fleming died.

On 20 Jun 1575 Adam Stewart died.

On 20 Jun 1613 Edmund Fettiplace (age 59) died.

On 20 Jun 1632 Miles Hobart (age 37) died having been fatally injured in a carriage accident on Holborn Hill Holborn.

On 20 Jun 1642 Anne Oldenburg died.

On 20 Jun 1659 James Hamilton 1st Earl Clanbrassil (age 41) died. His son Henry Hamilton 2nd Earl Clanbrassil (age 12) succeeded 2nd Earl Clanbrassil. Alice Moore Countess Clanbrassil by marriage Countess Clanbrassil.

On 20 Jun 1667 James Stewart 1st Duke Cambridge (age 3) died at Richmond Palace [Map]. He was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map]. Duke Cambridge extinct.

On 20 Jun 1684 Thomas Armstrong (age 51) was dragged by hurdle to Tower Hill [Map] where he was hanged, drawn and quartered for his involvement in the Rye House Plot.

On 13 Aug 1693 Christopher Turnor of Milton Erneys in Bedfordshire (age 42) died.

On 20 Jun 1696 Elizabeth Crew Countess Arran (age 45) died.

On 25 Oct 1694 Elizabeth Turnor (age 4) died.

On 20 Jun 1706 Maurita Febronia de La Tour d Auvergne (age 54) died.

On 20 Jun 1711 Roger Burgoyne 4th Baronet (age 30) died. His son John Burgoyne 5th Baronet (age 4) succeeded 5th Baronet Burgoyne of Sutton in Bedfordshire.

On 20 Jun 1714 John St Aubyn 2nd Baronet (age 44) died. His son John St Aubyn 3rd Baronet (age 17) succeeded 3rd Baronet St Aubyn of Clowance in Cornwall.

Around 17 Jun 1723 John Molesworth 3rd Baronet (age 54) died. He was buried at St Conan aka Petroc's Church, Egloshayle [Map] on 20 Jun 1723. His son John Molesworth 4th Baronet (age 18) succeeded 4th Baronet Molesworth of Pencarrow in Cornwall.

On 20 Jun 1729 Charles Buck 3rd Baronet (age 37) died. His son Charles Louis Buck 4th Baronet (age 7) succeeded 4th Baronet Buck of Hamby Grange in Lincolnshire.

On 20 Jun 1732 Thomas Smyth 2nd Baronet (age 75) died. Baronet Smyth of Redcliff in Buckinghamshire extinct.

On 20 Jun 1743 Frances Worsley Countess Granville (age 50) died at Hanover Lower Saxony.

Before 20 Jun 1746 Arabella Allen (age 91) died.

On 20 Jun 1761 Mary Brodrick died.

On 20 Jun 1773 Christopher Willoughby (age 73) died.

On 20 Jun 1785 Arabella Astley Lady Vincent (age 55) died.

On 20 Jun 1791 Francis Eliott 5th Baronet (age 60) died. His son William Eliott 6th Baronet (age 24) succeeded 6th Baronet Eliott of Stobs.

On 20 Jun 1793 John Rawdon 1st Earl Moira (age 73) died. His son Francis Rawdon-Hastings 1st Marquess Hastings (age 38) succeeded 2nd Earl Moira.

On 20 Jun 1802 Sophia Raymond Lady Burrell (age 49) died at Cowes, Isle of Wight.

On 20 Jun 1806 Lewis Watson 2nd Baron Sondes (age 52) died. His son Lewis Richard Watson 3rd Baron Sondes of Lees Court (age 14) succeeded 3rd Baron Sondes.

On 20 Jan 1808 Francis Wemyss Douglas (age 58) died. The obituary of his son 8th Earl Wemyss states 20 Jun 1808.

On 20 Jun 1816 Diana Howard Lady le Fleming (age 66) died. She was buried at St Oswald's Church, Grasmere where her and her husbands memorial reads "To the memory of Sir Michael Le Fleming, fourth Baronet, M,P., of Ryall Hall, Westmorland, born 10th December 1748, died 19th May 1806, also of his wife Lady Diana only child of Thomas Howard, 14th Earl of Suffolk & Berkshire, who died 20th June 1816, and of their only child Ann Frederica Elizabeth (age 32), relict of Sir Daniel Fleming (age 31) fifth Baronet, died at Rydal Hall 5th April 1861 aged 77."

On 20 Jun 1818 Lawrence Palk 2nd Baronet (age 52) died. His son Lawrence Palk 3rd Baronet (age 25) succeeded 3rd Baronet Palk of Haldon House in Devon.

On 20 Jun 1837 Emily Wingfield (age 39) died.

On 20 Jun 1837 King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 71) died at Windsor Castle [Map]. His niece Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (age 18) succeeded I Queen Great Britain and Ireland. His brother Ernest Augustus King Hanover (age 66) succeeded King Hanover. Frederica Mecklenburg Strelitz Queen Consort Hanover (age 59) by marriage Queen Consort Hanover.

At 5am Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham (age 40) and Archbishop William Howley (age 71) went to Kensington Palace to inform the Princess she was now Queen. Francis Nathaniel Conyngham 2nd Marquess Conyngham (age 40) was the first to address her as 'Your Majesty'.

On 20 Jun 1841 Arthur Annesley (age 81) died.

On 20 Jun 1848 Mary Sarsfield Cockburn (age 17) died.

On 20 Jun 1857 Patience Christian Carpenter Lady Trelawny (age 69) died.

On 20 Jun 1859 Mary Louisa Napoleona Manners Tollemache (age 6) died.

On 20 Jun 1880 Francis Needham 2nd Earl Kilmorley (age 92) died. His grandson Francis Needham 3rd Earl of Kilmorey (age 37) succeeded 3rd Earl Kilmorley.

On 20 Jun 1888 Marie Elisabeth Luise Hohenzollern (age 32) died.

On 20 Jun 1904 Edith Louisa Mary Bligh (age 50) died.

On 20 Jun 1913 Frederick Johnstone 8th Baronet (age 71) died.

On 20 Jun 1914 Gerald Valerian Wellesley (age 61) died.

On 20 Jun 1919 Eva Elizabeth Carrington Countess Harrington (age 72) died.

On 20 Jun 1921 Brigadier-General George Francis Milner (age 58) died.

On 20 Jun 1923 Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill Duchess Roxburghe (age 68) died.

On 20 Jun 1924 Henry Charles Legge (age 71) died.

On 20 Jun 1953 Evelyn Mary France-Hayhurst Lady Shakerley (age 83) died.

On 20 Jun 1958 Andrew Shirley (age 57) died.

On 20 Jun 1976 Christopher Bourchier Wrey (age 70) died.