On this Day in History ... 21st October

21 Oct is in October.

1345 Battle of Auberoche

1422 Death of Charles VI

1532 Henry VIII and Francis I meet at Calais

1551 Arrest of the Duke of Somerset and his Supporters

1797 Battle of Camperdown

1805 Battle of Trafalgar

Events on the 21st October

On 21 Oct 1345 Henry of Grosmont 1st Duke Lancaster (age 35) commanded an English army including Walter Manny 1st Baron Manny (age 35) at Auberoche, Perigueux during the Battle of Auberoche. The battle was a significant victory for the English with the French forces being heavily defeated. The ransoms alone made a fortune for many of the soldiers in Derby's army, as well as Derby himself, who was said to have made at least £50,000 from the day's captives, and sealed his reputation as 'one of the best warriors in the world'.

On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France (age 53) died at Hôtel Saint Pol [Map]. The succession of the French throne was disputed between:

King Henry VI  succeeded II King France: Lancaster

Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 19) succeeded VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 18) by marriage Queen Consort France.

Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland: Around 1395 she was born to Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys at Alnwick Castle. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Around 1404 John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford and she were married. She by marriage Baroness de Clifford. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. In 1426 Ralph Neville 2nd Earl of Westmoreland and she were married. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. On 26 Oct 1436 Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland died.

The Maner of the Triumphe at Caleys and Bulleyn. 21 Oct 1532. And on the mondaye the. xxj. daye of October the Kyng of Englande toke his waye to mete with the frensshe kyng at the place before appoynted with seven score [140] all in veluet cotes afore hym lordes and Knyghtes and forty of his garde and other to the nombre (as we thynke) of six hondred horses and as well horsed as euer was seen. And the Kyng our mayster mette with the frensshe Kyng at Sandyngfelde within the englysshe pale thre myles. There the frensshe kynge taryed for our mayster the space of an houre or two the frensshe kynge beyngc accompanyed with the kynge of Nauerne the cardinal of Loreyn the duke of Vandome and1 with dyuerse other noblemen well and rychely appoynted beynge of lyke nombre as our kyng was of that is to saye six hondred psones2. There was the louyngest metyng that euer was seen for the one embraced the other five or six tymes on horsbacke and so dyd the lordes on eyther party eche to other and so dyd ryde hande in hande with greate loue the space of a myle3 and than they dyd lyght of theyr horses and dranke eche to other the frensshe kyng dranke fyrst to our kyng and whan they had dronke they embraced eche other agayne with great loue and so rode towards Bulleyn our kynge on the ryght hande. And whan they came within a myle of Bulleyn there mette with the kynges the Dolphyn (age 14) beynge accompanyed with his two bretherne the duke of Orliaunce (age 13) and the count or erle of Angolame (age 10) very goodly chyldren and attendyng vpon them four cardynalles with a thousand horses very well beseen. And whan they came nere to the towne the frensshe kynge caused our mayster to tary whyles the gonshot was shotte whiche was herd fro Bulleyn twenty englysshe myles of. And so entered the towne where stode the captayn with the sowdyours in good ordre and aboue them stode a hondred swytsheners of the frensh kynges garde in theyr dublettes and theyr hosen of yelowe veluct cutte goodly persons4 and aboue them stode two hundred of the frensshe kynges garde more scottes and frensshmen in cotes of yelow blewe and crymsyn veluet beryng halberdes in theyr handes and aboue them stode two hundred gentylmen beyng in theyr gownes well and rychely beseen euery man hauyng an ax5 in theyr handes and theyr captaines standyng by them. And so they taryed in Bulleyn mondaye tuysdaye Wednesday and thursday all daye.6 And for the greate chere that was there no man can expresse it. For the kynges grace was there enterteyned all at the frensshe kynges costes and charges. And euery daye noble men of Fraunce desyred our nobles and gentylmen home to theyr lodgynges where as they founde theyr houses rychely hanged greate cupbordes of plate sumptuous fare with syngyng and playenge of all kyndes of musyke. And also there was sent vnto our lodgynges great fare with all maner of wynes for our seruantes and our horsmeet payd for and al at theyr charges. And euery day the frensshe kyng had at dyncr and souper with hym certayne noble men of Englande. And the kynges grace had in lykewyse certeyn of theyr nobles at dyner and souper during the tyme of theyr beyng at Bulleyn. And this contynued with as great chere and familiarite as myght be.

Note 1. The Second Edition omits: "and."

Note 2. persons.

Note 3. The Second Edition inserts: At the metyng of these two noble kynges there were sacres and sacrettes cast of and at dyuerse flyghtes two kytes were beten downe which were sooryng in the ayre wh such lyke pastyme whiche greatly pleased al the nobles on bothe partyes.

Note 4. The Second Edition reads "persons" thus "psones."

Note 5. The Second Edition has "a batayle ax."

Note 6. The Second Edition inserts: "The tuysday beynge the seconde day of hys there beyng the frenssh king gaue our kyng ryche apparayle wrought with nedle werke pyrled [fringed] with golde in the whiche lyke apparayle bothe the kynges went to our lady chyrche in Bulleyn. And at that time our kyng optayned release and lyberte of the frenssh kyng for all prysoners at that tyme beynge prisoners in Bulleyn. And in lykewyse dyd the frenssh kyng in Caleys of our kyng and mayster at his there beynge and optayned grace for all banysshed men whiche wolde make sute for theyr pardon. And to esteme the rich trauerses [low curtains] that were in Bulleyn at our lady chyrche and in Caleys in our lady chyrche in lykewyse for bothe the kynges the riche ordynaunces and prouysyon for the same it is to moche for to wryte. And as for the greate chere " &c.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 21 Oct 1551. The xxj day of October was cared [to the Tower] my lord Pagett (age 45) by the gard-the v yer K. [E. vjt.]

Evelyn's Diary. 21 Oct 1662. To the Queen-Mother's (age 52) Court, where her Majesty (age 32) related to us divers passages of her escapes during the Rebellion and wars in England.

On 21 Oct 1670 Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet (age 72) died at his home in Tottenham High Cross. His son Jerome Smithson 2nd Baronet (age 38) succeeded 2nd Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire. He was buried in the Church of St John the Baptist Stanwick [Map].

Monument to Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet (age 72) and Dorothy Royston sculpted by William Stanton (age 31). Note the effigies appears to have been sourced differently since hers has no mottling.

Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet: Around 1598 he was born to Antony Smithson.

Jerome Smithson 2nd Baronet: In 1632 he was born to Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet. In 1684 Jerome Smithson 2nd Baronet died. His son Hugh Smithson 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire.

On 21 Oct 1772 Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born to Reverend John Coleridge (age 53) and Anne Bowden (age 46). The youngest of ten children by his father's second wife.

On 21 Oct 1773 William Noel-Hill 3rd Baron Berwick was born to Noel Hill 1st Baron Berwick (age 28) and Anna Vernon (age 25).

On 21 Oct 1775 François-Hubert Drouais (age 47) died.

On 21 Oct 1797 Adam Duncan 1st Viscount Duncan (age 66) was created 1st Viscount Duncan of Camperdowne in recognition of his victory at the Battle of Camperdown.

On 21 Oct 1800 John Hayter was born to Charles Hayter (age 39).

On 21 Oct 1805 Frank Abney-Hastings (age 11) fought aboard HMS Neptune at the Battle of Trafalgar.

On 21 Oct 1805 Admiral Henry Digby (age 35) commanded Africa at Cape Trafalgar during the Battle of Trafalgar.

Richard King 2nd Baronet (age 30) captained HMS Achille, the seventh ship in Collingwood's division. Achille was heavily engaged, chasing off the Spanish Montanez and the battling alongside HMS Belleisle with the Argonauta. Whilst chasing this ship through the melee, Achille was cut off by her namesake, the French Achille, with whom she began a savage cannonade until joined by the French ship Berwick, whom Achille turned her attention on.

George Alexander Barker (age 20) served on The Swiftsure.

On 21 Oct 1805 Horatio Nelson 1st Viscount Nelson (age 47) was killed in action at the Battle of Trafalgar.

On 21 Oct 1855 Henry Pierce Bone (age 75) died.

On 21 Oct 1861 Philip Burne-Jones 2nd Baronet was born to Edward Coley Burne-Jones 1st Baronet (age 28) and Georgiana Macdonald Lady Burne-Jones (age 21). He was baptised at Manchester Cathedral [Map] with his godfathers, by proxy, being John Ruskin (age 42) and Dante Gabriel Rossetti (age 33). See Memorials of Edward Burne-Jones.

On 21 Oct 1867 Aline Caroline de Rothschild was born to Gustave Samuel de Rothschild (age 38) and Cécile Anspach (age 27) at her parents home on Avenue Marigny Paris in Paris.

After 21 Oct 1887. Memorial at St Andrew's Church, Kimbolton [Map] to Mary Agnes Welstead (deceased).

Mary Agnes Welstead: On 13 Dec 1834 he was born to Benjamin Welstead and Mary Rowley. On 21 Oct 1887 Mary Agnes Welstead died. She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Kimbolton.

On 21 Oct 1905 William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh (age 81) died. On 21 Oct 1905 His son Francis Dudley Leigh 3rd Baron Leigh (age 50) succeeded 3rd Baron Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire. Frances Beckwith Baroness Leigh by marriage Baroness Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire.

Memorial at Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh [Map]. A particularly fine early twentieth century memorial. In Loving Memon of William Henry, 2nd Baron Leigh, for Forty-Nine Years Lord Lieutenant of Wancickshire born 17 January 1824, died 21 October 1905 and of Caroline Amelia (age 77) his wife, daughter of 2nd Marquess of Westminster born 14 June 1828 and died 24 March 1906.

The monument carries the heraldic arms of the family their motto Tout Vient de Dieu (Everything Comes from God) and in an especially lovely design of white and gold lilies around the Cross, are the words: LOVELY AND PLEASANT IN THEIR LIVES IN DEATH THEY WERE NOT DIVIDED

William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh: On 17 Jan 1824 he was born to Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh and Margarette Willes Baroness Leigh. He was baptised at St Mary Magdalene's Church, Adlestrop, and for a second time, at Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh on 10 Sep 1824. He was educated at Harrow School then Trinity College, Cambridge University. On 22 Aug 1848 William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh and Caroline Grosvenor were married. They had eight children. She the daughter of Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster.

Frances Beckwith Baroness Leigh: On 29 Nov 1890 Francis Dudley Leigh 3rd Baron Leigh and she were married. On 28 Apr 1909 she died.

Caroline Amelia Grosvenor Baroness Leigh: On 14 Jun 1828 she was born to Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster. She was baptised at St Mary's Church, Eccleston on 28 Jul 828.

On 21 Oct 1907 George Frederick Bodley (age 80) died at Water Eaton, Oxfordshire. He was buried in the churchyard of St James' Church, Kinnersley [Map].

After 21 Oct 1917. All Saints Church, Old Rode. In Memory of 2nd Lieutenant Sydney Bowler killed in action aged twenty-seven

Extract From Sexey's School Magazine. Oct. 21st. 1917. – Lieut. S. Bowler, R.G.A. (a former member of the staff), killed by shell-fire. Aged 27. Literary and Debating Society. 4th December – Lecture by Mr Bowler. On the above date the School received a most excellent and instructive lecture on the "Geographical and historical Causes of the Present War." Mr Bowler made a rather difficult subject into one full of absorbing interest and gave everyone a very pleasant evening. He outlined the circumstances that plunged Europe into this titanic struggle in a way which showed that he had made a deep and scientific study of the whole affair. He concluded his lecture by a splendid description of Russia peasant life which being illustrated by lantern slides proved an even greater success, as very few knew anything of the social life of our great ally.

On 21 Oct 1947 David Allan Bethell 5th Baron Westbury (age 25) and Ursula James were married at St Martin in the Fields [Map]. Princesses Elizabeth (age 21) and Margaret (age 17) attended the wedding, as did the Duke (age 47) and Duchess (age 45) of Gloucester.

Moorea Hastings: On 04 Mar 1928 she was born to Francis Hastings 16th Earl Huntingdon and Cristina Casati Stampa di Soncino Countess Huntingdon. On 22 Jun 1957 Woodrow Lyle Wyatt Baron Wyatt of Weeford and she were married They were divorced in 1966. She married again on 11 Jan 1967. She the daughter of Francis Hastings 16th Earl Huntingdon and Cristina Casati Stampa di Soncino Countess Huntingdon. On 11 Jan 1967 Brinsley Graham Black and she were married. She the daughter of Francis Hastings 16th Earl Huntingdon and Cristina Casati Stampa di Soncino Countess Huntingdon. On 21 Oct 2011 Moorea Hastings died.

Births on the 21st October

On 21 Oct 1349 William Bardolf 4th Baron Bardolf was born to John Bardolf 3rd Baron Bardolf (age 35) and Elizabeth Damory Baroness Bardolf (age 31). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 21 Oct 1449 George York 1st Duke of Clarence was born to Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York (age 38) and Cecily "Rose of Raby" Neville Duchess York (age 34) at Dublin Castle, Dublin. He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.38%.

On 21 Oct 1467 Giovanni de' Medici was born to Pierfrancesco "The Elder" de Medici (age 37).

On 21 Oct 1536 Joachim Ernest Prince of Anhalt was born.

On 21 Oct 1543 Michael Hicks was born to Robert Hicks (age 25).

On 21 Oct 1559 Catherine Knollys Baroness Offaly was born to Francis Knollys (age 47) and Catherine Carey (age 35).

On 21 Oct 1566 Margaret Willoughby was born to Francis Willoughby (age 20) and Elizabeth Lyttelton (age 18) at Wollaton.

On 21 Oct 1585 Francis Howard was born to William aka Francis Howard (age 45) and Frances Gouldwell (age 32) at Halling House.

Before 21 Oct 1593 Richard Spencer was born to Robert Spencer 1st Baron Spencer (age 23) and Margaret Willoughby (age 26).

On 21 Oct 1624 Edward Harley was born to Robert Harley (age 45) and Brilliana Conway (age 26) in Brampton Bryan Castle [Map].

On 21 Oct 1631 Adolf Oldenburg was born to Philip Oldenburg (age 47).

On 21 Oct 1637 Robert Yallop was born.

On 21 Oct 1652 William Grey was born to James Grey (age 34) and Elizabeth Stuteville.

Before 21 Oct 1676 Penelope Lovett Lady Northcote was born to Edward Lovett (age 49).

On 21 Oct 1685 George Forbes 3rd Earl Granard was born to Arthur Forbes 2nd Earl Granard (age 29).

On 21 Oct 1696 James Fitz James 2nd Duke Berwick was born to James Fitzjames 1st Duke Berwick (age 26) and Honora Burke Duchess Berwick (age 22) at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Yvelines. He a grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 21 Oct 1700 Elisabeth Charlotte Lorraine was born to Leopold Duke of Lorraine (age 21) and Élisabeth Charlotte Bourbon Duchess Lorraine (age 24). She a great x 3 granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.

On 21 Oct 1712 James Steuart 3rd and 7th Baronet was born.

On 21 Oct 1712 Robert Sherard 4th Earl Harborough was born to Philip Sherard 2nd Earl Harborough (age 32) and Anne Pedley Countess Harborough (age 37). Some sources report his birth in 1719.

On 21 Oct 1713 George Carpenter was born.

On 21 Oct 1723 Francis Charteris de jure 7th Earl Wemyss was born to James Wemyss 5th Earl Wemyss (age 24) and Janet Charteris at Wemyss Castle.

On 21 Oct 1726 William Knollys 6th Earl Banbury was born to Charles Knollys 5th Earl Banbury (age 23) and Martha Hughes (age 22).

On 21 Oct 1729 Henry Seymour was born to Francis Seymour (age 32) and Elizabeth Popham Viscountess Hinchingbrooke (age 36). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 21 Oct 1730 Peter Ludlow 1st Earl Ludlow was born to Peter Ludlow.

On 21 Oct 1744 Elizabeth Heathcote was born to Thomas Heathcote 2nd Baronet (age 23) and Elizabeth Hinton (age 20).

Around 21 Oct 1752 John Fitzwilliam 8th Viscount Fitzwilliam was born to Richard Fitzwilliam 6th Viscount Fitzwilliam (age 41) and Catherine Decker.

On 21 Oct 1765 Thomas Twysden was born to William Twysden 6th Baronet (age 35).

On 21 Oct 1767 Edmund Boyle 8th Earl Cork was born to Edmund Boyle 7th Earl Cork (age 24).

On 21 Oct 1770 Henry Barry 8th Earl Barrymore was born to Richard Barry 6th Earl Barrymore (age 25) and Amelia Stanhope Countess Barrymore (age 21). He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 21 Oct 1771 Charles Murray was born to John Murray 3rd Duke Atholl (age 42) and Charlotte Murray Duchess Atholl (age 40). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.29%.

On 21 Oct 1772 Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born to Reverend John Coleridge (age 53) and Anne Bowden (age 46). The youngest of ten children by his father's second wife.

On 21 Oct 1773 William Noel-Hill 3rd Baron Berwick was born to Noel Hill 1st Baron Berwick (age 28) and Anna Vernon (age 25).

On 21 Oct 1777 Ludwig Saxe Coburg Altenburg was born to Duke Ernest of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 32) and Charlotte Saxe Meiningen Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 26) at Gotha.

On 21 Oct 1785 Harriet Rochfort D'Oyly was born to John Hadley D'Oyly 6th Baronet (age 31) and Diana Rochfort Lady D'Oyly (age 30) at Calcutta, India.

On 21 Oct 1800 John Hayter was born to Charles Hayter (age 39).

On 21 Oct 1808 Charles Trollope was born to John Trollope 6th Baronet (age 42) and Anne Thorold.

On 21 Oct 1816 William Dashwood Fane was born to William Mildmay Fane (age 27) and Louisa Hay Dashwood (age 25) in India.

On 21 Oct 1821 Richard Sutton 4th Baronet was born to Richard Sutton 2nd Baronet (age 21).

On 21 Oct 1822 Mildred Arabella Charlotte Gascoyne-Cecil was born to James Brownlow William Gascoyne-Cecil 2nd Marquess Salisbury (age 31) and Frances Mary Gascoyne Marchioness Salisbury (age 16).

On 21 Oct 1823 Rachel Jane Gurney was born to Samuel Gurney (age 36).

On 21 Oct 1835 Alan Stewart 10th Earl Galloway was born to Randolph Stewart 9th Earl Galloway (age 35) and Harriet Blanche Somerset Countess Galloway (age 24). Coefficient of inbreeding 1.58%.

On 21 Oct 1836 Ismay Louisa Ursula Bellew was born to Patrick Bellew 1st Baron Bellew (age 38) and Anna Fermina de Mendoza Baroness bellew.

On 21 Oct 1846 Edward Henry Trafalgar Digby 10th and 4th Baron Digby was born to Edward St Vincent Digby 9th and 3rd Baron Digby (age 40) and Theresa Anna Maria Fox-Strangways Baroness Digby (age 32). He was given the name Trafalgar to celebrate his paternal grand-father Admiral Henry Digby who fought at the Battle of Battle of Trafalgar.

On 21 Oct 1861 Philip Burne-Jones 2nd Baronet was born to Edward Coley Burne-Jones 1st Baronet (age 28) and Georgiana Macdonald Lady Burne-Jones (age 21). He was baptised at Manchester Cathedral [Map] with his godfathers, by proxy, being John Ruskin (age 42) and Dante Gabriel Rossetti (age 33). See Memorials of Edward Burne-Jones.

On 21 Oct 1862 Wilfrid Lawson 3rd Baronet was born to Wilfrid Lawson 2nd Baronet (age 33) and Mary Pocklington Senhouse (age 22) at Brayton Hall, Aspatria.

On 21 Oct 1864 John Michael Fleetwood Fuller 1st Baronet was born to George Pargiter Fuller (age 31) and Emily Georgina Jane Hicks-Beach (age 18).

On 21 Oct 1867 Ruth Mary St Maur was born illegitimately to Edward Adolphus Ferdinand Seymour (age 32) and Rosina Elizabeth Swan Maid at Tangier.

On 21 Oct 1867 Aline Caroline de Rothschild was born to Gustave Samuel de Rothschild (age 38) and Cécile Anspach (age 27) at her parents home on Avenue Marigny Paris in Paris.

On 21 Oct 1873 Arthur Morton Grenfell was born to Pascoe du Pré Grenfell (age 41) and Sophia Grenfell (age 43).

On 21 Oct 1899 Christopher Edward Clive Hussey was born.

On 21 Oct 1923 Penelope Forbes was born to Colonel Donald Alexander Forbes (age 43).

On 21 Oct 1950 David Lascelles 8th Earl of Harewood was born to George Henry Hubert Lascelles 7th Earl Harewood (age 27) and Marion Stein Countess Harewood (age 24) at 2 Orme Square Baywater. He was baptised at All Saints Church Harewood [Map]. His godparents included Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (age 24), Victoria Mary Teck Queen Consort England (age 83), Margaret Selina Lascelles Viscountess Boyne (age 67) and his uncle Gerald David Lascelles (age 26). He a great grandson of George V King United Kingdom.

Marriages on the 21st October

Before 21 Oct 1309 Hugh Neville 1st Baron Neville Essex (age 33) and Ida Fitzwalter Baroness Neville Essex (age 17) were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 21 Oct 1390 Thomas Morley 5th Baron Marshal 4th Baron Morley (age 36) and Anne Despencer Baroness Hastings, Marshal and Morley (age 32) were married. She by marriage Baroness Marshal, Baroness Morley. He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 21 Oct 1573 Richard Bulkeley (age 40) and Katherine Davenport were married.

On 21 Oct 1614 Francis Foljambe 1st Baronet (age 24) and Elizabeth Wray Lady Walton were married.

On 21 Oct 1632 Edward Darcy and Elizabeth Evelyn (age 18) were married.

On 21 Oct 1658 William Brereton 3rd Baron Brereton (age 27) and Frances Willoughby Baroness Brereton (age 33) were married at St Margaret Pattens. They were fourth cousins.

Before 21 Oct 1670 Robert Talbot 2nd Baronet (age 63) and Grace Calvert were married.

On 21 Oct 1674 Coplestone Bamfylde 2nd Baronet (age 36) and Jane Pole Lady Coplestone (age 20) were married at Houghton, Devon. She by marriage Lady Bampfylde of Poltimore in Devon.

On or after 21 Oct 1680, the date of the licence, Francis Drake 3rd Baronet (age 38) and Anne Boone Lady Drake were married. She by marriage Lady Drake of Buckland in Devon. There was no issue from the marriage.

Before 21 Oct 1696 John Manners 2nd Duke Rutland (age 20) and Catherine Russell Duchess Rutland (age 20) were married. He the son of John Manners 1st Duke Rutland (age 58) and Catherine Noel Duchess Rutland (age 39).

On 21 Oct 1729 Jermyn Davers 4th Baronet (age 43) and Margaretta Green were married.

On 21 Oct 1752 Charles Hotham-Thompson 8th Baronet (age 17) and Dorothy Hobart (age 27) were married. She the daughter of John Hobart 1st Earl Buckinghamshire (age 59) and Judith Britiffe Lady Hotham.

On 21 Oct 1783 Walter Spencer-Stanhope (age 33) and Mary Winifred Pulleine were married at Tynemouth, Northumberland [Map].

On 21 Oct 1791 John Williams 1st Baronet (age 29) and Margaret Williams Lady Williams (age 23) were married.

On 21 Oct 1797 Duke Augustus of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 24) and Louise Charlotte Mecklenburg-Schwerin (age 17) were married. He the son of Duke Ernest of Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 52) and Charlotte Saxe Meiningen Duchess Saxe Gotha Altenburg (age 46). They were second cousins.

On 21 Oct 1809 Booth Grey (age 26) and Sophia Grey (age 32) were married. She the daughter of George Grey 5th Earl Stamford 1st Earl Warrington (age 72) and Henrietta Bentinck Countess Stamford and Warrington (age 72). They were first cousins.

Before 21 Oct 1816 William Mildmay Fane (age 27) and Louisa Hay Dashwood (age 25) were married.

On 21 Oct 1844 Nathaniel Alexander Staples 10th Baronet (age 27) and Elizabeth Lindsay Head Lady Staples were married.

On 21 Oct 1858 Beriah Botfield (age 51) and Isabel Leighton were married at Alderbury, Shropshire. There was no issue from the marriage.

On 21 Oct 1871 Reginald James Macartney Greville-Nugent (age 22) and Louisa Maud Yarde-Buller were married.

On 21 Oct 1947 David Allan Bethell 5th Baron Westbury (age 25) and Ursula James were married at St Martin in the Fields [Map]. Princesses Elizabeth (age 21) and Margaret (age 17) attended the wedding, as did the Duke (age 47) and Duchess (age 45) of Gloucester.

On 21 Oct 1966 Gerard Henry Fleetwood Fuller 2nd Baronet (age 60) and Katherine Mary Spence Lady Fuller were married. She by marriage Lady Fuller of Neston Park in Corsham in Wiltshire.

On 21 Oct 1977 Alexander McDonnell 9th Earl of Antrim (age 42) and Elizabeth Hannah Sacher Countess of Antrim were married. She by marriage Countess Antrim 2C. He the son of Randal McDonnell 8th Earl of Antrim (deceased) and Angela Christina Sykes Countess of Antrim (age 66).

Deaths on the 21st October

Around 21 Oct 1204 Robert Beaumont 4th Earl of Leicester died.

On 21 Oct 1274 John "The Botiller" Verdun (age 51) died.

On 21 Oct 1314 Geoffrey Geneville 1st Baron Geneville (age 88) died at Trim County Meath. He was buried at Black Friary, Trim, County Meath. His granddaughter Joan Geneville Baroness Mortimer 2nd Baroness Geneville (age 28) succeeded 2nd Baroness Geneville. She and her husband Roger Mortimer 1st Earl March (age 27) inherited the vast legacy of the de Lacy dynasty, including Ludlow Castle [Map].

On 21 Oct 1396 John Bonville (age 25) died.

On 21 Oct 1400 Walter Clopton died.

On 21 Oct 1422 Charles "Beloved Mad" VI King France (age 53) died at Hôtel Saint Pol [Map]. The succession of the French throne was disputed between:

King Henry VI  succeeded II King France: Lancaster

Charles "Victorious" VII King France (age 19) succeeded VII King France: Capet Valois. Marie Valois Anjou Queen Consort France (age 18) by marriage Queen Consort France.

Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland: Around 1395 she was born to Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Elizabeth Mortimer Baroness Camoys at Alnwick Castle. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. Around 1404 John Clifford 7th Baron Clifford and she were married. She by marriage Baroness de Clifford. They were third cousin once removed. He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. In 1426 Ralph Neville 2nd Earl of Westmoreland and she were married. They were second cousin once removed. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England. On 26 Oct 1436 Elizabeth Percy Countess of Westmoreland died.

On 21 Oct 1434 John Hill of Spaxton (age 33) died.

On 21 Oct 1454 Margaret Leeke (age 84) died.

On 21 Oct 1494 Gian Galeazzo Sforza 6th Duke Milan (age 25) died. His uncle Ludovico Sforza Duke Milan (age 42) succeeded Duke Milan.

On 21 Oct 1520 John Fortescue died.

On 21 Oct 1526 Judge Lewis Pollard (age 61) died.

On or before 21 Oct 1554 Richard Towneley (age 34) died.

On 21 Oct 1573 Katherine Davenport died.

On 21 Oct 1601 William Sinclair 5th Lord Sinclair (age 74) died.

On 21 Oct 1602 Hedwig Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (age 62) died.

On 21 Oct 1602 Francis Barnard (age 76) died.

On or after 21 Oct 1620, the date of his will, Thomas Vavasour (deceased) died.

On or before 21 Oct 1665 Edward Mosley 2nd Baronet (age 26) died. Baronet Mosley of Rolleston in Staffordshire extinct. He was buried at Didsbury on 21 Oct 1665.

On 21 Oct 1668 Gilbert Pickering 1st Baronet (age 57) died.

On 21 Oct 1670 Robert Talbot 2nd Baronet (age 63) died.

On 21 Oct 1670 Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet (age 72) died at his home in Tottenham High Cross. His son Jerome Smithson 2nd Baronet (age 38) succeeded 2nd Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire. He was buried in the Church of St John the Baptist Stanwick [Map].

Monument to Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet (age 72) and Dorothy Royston sculpted by William Stanton (age 31). Note the effigies appears to have been sourced differently since hers has no mottling.

Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet: Around 1598 he was born to Antony Smithson.

Jerome Smithson 2nd Baronet: In 1632 he was born to Hugh Smithson 1st Baronet. In 1684 Jerome Smithson 2nd Baronet died. His son Hugh Smithson 3rd Baronet succeeded 3rd Baronet Smithson of Stanwick in Yorkshire.

On 21 Oct 1687 Edmund Waller (age 81) died.

On 16 Oct 1701 James Reade 2nd Baronet (age 46) died. He was buried on 21 Oct 1701 in the Brocket Chapel at St Elthreda's Church, Bishop's Hatfield. His son John Reade 3rd Baronet (age 10) succeeded 3rd Baronet Reade of Brocket Hall in Hertfordshire.

On 21 Oct 1710 Catherine Vernon (age 47) died.

On 21 Oct 1713 Edward Henry Lee (age 32) died.

On 21 Oct 1726 Maurice Ashley-Cooper (age 51) died.

On 21 Oct 1729 Ann Wife of William Key (age 40) died.

On 21 Oct 1733 William Drake 6th Baronet (age 38) died without issue. Baronet Drake of Ashe in Devon extinct.

On 21 Oct 1738 Johann Adolf Wettin died at Weißenfels, Burgenlandkreis, Saxony-Anhalt.

On 21 Oct 1739 William Montagu 2nd Duke Manchester (age 39) died. His brother Robert Montagu 3rd Duke Manchester (age 29) succeeded 3rd Duke Manchester, 6th Earl Manchester, 6th Viscount Mandeville, 6th Baron Montagu of Kimbolton. Harriet Dunch Duchess Manchester by marriage Duchess Manchester.

On 21 Oct 1741 Stephen Anderson 2nd Baronet (age 63) died. His son Stephen Anderson 3rd Baronet (age 32) succeeded 3rd Baronet Anderson of Eyeworth in Bedfordshire.

Before 21 Oct 1748 John Kinder of Hill House died.

On 21 Oct 1757 Ferdinando Dudley Lea 11th Baron Dudley (age 47) died. Baron Sutton of Dudley abeyant between his two sisters.

On 21 Oct 1772 Edward Hay (age 50) died.

On 21 Oct 1775 François-Hubert Drouais (age 47) died.

On 21 Oct 1781 Vere Beauclerk 1st Baron de Vere (age 82) died.

On 21 Oct 1796 Watkin Edward Wynn (age 41) died of a fever at Dover as Major Commandant of Merionethshire regiment of Militia.

On 21 Oct 1803 Frederick Cavendish (age 74) died.

On 21 Oct 1805 Horatio Nelson 1st Viscount Nelson (age 47) was killed in action at the Battle of Trafalgar.

On 21 Oct 1812 Heneage Finch 4th Earl Aylesford (age 61) died. His son Heneage Finch 5th Earl Aylesford (age 26) succeeded 5th Earl Aylesford.

On 21 Oct 1830 Algernon Percy 1st Earl Beverley (age 80) died. His son George Percy 5th Duke Northumberland (age 52) succeeded 2nd Earl Beverley.

On 21 Oct 1834 Edward Smith-Stanley 12th Earl of Derby (age 81) died. His son Edward Smith-Stanley 13th Earl of Derby (age 59) succeeded 13th Earl Derby, 7th Baronet Stanley of Bickerstaffe. Charlotte Margaret Hornby Countess Derby by marriage Countess Derby.

On 21 Oct 1836 Catherine St Aubyn died.

On 21 Oct 1854 Princess Maria Czartoryska (age 86) died.

On 21 Oct 1855 Henry Pierce Bone (age 75) died.

On 21 Oct 1863 Mary Lowther (age 78) died.

On 21 Oct 1864 Richard Henry Rycroft 3rd Baronet (age 70) died. His son Nelson Rycroft 4th Baronet (age 33) succeeded 4th Baronet Rycroft of Calton in Yorkshire. Juliana Ogilvy Lady Rycroft by marriage Lady Rycroft of Calton in Yorkshire.

On 21 Oct 1874 Cecilia Anne Windham (age 71) died.

On 21 Oct 1876 Annie Jervis (age 48) died.

On 21 Oct 1887 Mary Agnes Welstead (age 52) died. She was buried at St Andrew's Church, Kimbolton [Map].

On 21 Oct 1889 George FitzMaurice 6th Earl of Orkney (age 62) died.

On 21 Oct 1893 Francis Dudley Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie (age 64) died.

On 21 Oct 1895 Charles Edward Cooke (age 66) died without issue.

On 21 Oct 1903 George Gunning 5th Baronet (age 75) died. His son Frederick Gunning 6th Baronet (age 49) succeeded 6th Baronet Gunning of Eltham in Kent.

On 21 Oct 1905 William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh (age 81) died. On 21 Oct 1905 His son Francis Dudley Leigh 3rd Baron Leigh (age 50) succeeded 3rd Baron Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire. Frances Beckwith Baroness Leigh by marriage Baroness Leigh of Stoneleigh in Warwickshire.

Memorial at Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh [Map]. A particularly fine early twentieth century memorial. In Loving Memon of William Henry, 2nd Baron Leigh, for Forty-Nine Years Lord Lieutenant of Wancickshire born 17 January 1824, died 21 October 1905 and of Caroline Amelia (age 77) his wife, daughter of 2nd Marquess of Westminster born 14 June 1828 and died 24 March 1906.

The monument carries the heraldic arms of the family their motto Tout Vient de Dieu (Everything Comes from God) and in an especially lovely design of white and gold lilies around the Cross, are the words: LOVELY AND PLEASANT IN THEIR LIVES IN DEATH THEY WERE NOT DIVIDED

William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh: On 17 Jan 1824 he was born to Chandos Leigh 1st Baron Leigh and Margarette Willes Baroness Leigh. He was baptised at St Mary Magdalene's Church, Adlestrop, and for a second time, at Church of the Virgin Mary Stoneleigh on 10 Sep 1824. He was educated at Harrow School then Trinity College, Cambridge University. On 22 Aug 1848 William Henry Leigh 2nd Baron Leigh and Caroline Grosvenor were married. They had eight children. She the daughter of Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster.

Frances Beckwith Baroness Leigh: On 29 Nov 1890 Francis Dudley Leigh 3rd Baron Leigh and she were married. On 28 Apr 1909 she died.

Caroline Amelia Grosvenor Baroness Leigh: On 14 Jun 1828 she was born to Richard Grosvenor 2nd Marquess Westminster and Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower Marchioness Westminster. She was baptised at St Mary's Church, Eccleston on 28 Jul 828.

On 21 Oct 1907 George Frederick Bodley (age 80) died at Water Eaton, Oxfordshire. He was buried in the churchyard of St James' Church, Kinnersley [Map].

On 21 Oct 1918 Hubert Ernest Valentine Duncombe (age 56) died.

On 21 Oct 1922 Walter Charles Gordon-Lennox (age 57) died.

On 21 Oct 1925 Thomas Lister 4th Baron Ribblesdale (age 70) died.

On 21 Oct 1934 Henry Palk Carew 9th Baronet (age 64) died. He was buried at St Blaise's Church, Haccombe. His son Thomas Palk Carew 10th Baronet (age 44) succeeded 10th Baronet Carew of Haccombe in Devon. Phyllis Evelyn Mayman Lady Carew by marriage Lady Carew of Haccombe in Devon.

On 21 Oct 1970 Helen Grosvenor (age 82) died.

On 21 Oct 2003 Rosemary Lyttelton (age 81) died.

On 21 Oct 2011 Moorea Hastings (age 83) died.

On 21 Oct 2015 William Murray 8th and 7th Earl Mansfield (age 85) died. His son Alexander Murray 9th and 8th Earl Mansfield (age 59) succeeded 9th Earl Mansfield in Middlesex, 8th Earl Mansfield in Nottinghamshire, 13th Viscount Stormont.