On this Day in History ... 25th July

25 Jul is in July.

1101 Treaty of Alton

1137 Marriage of Prince Louis and Eleanor of Aquitaine

1465 Capture of King Henry VI

1535 Execution of Bishop Fisher and Thomas More

1553 Trial and Execution of Lady Jane Grey's Supporters

1554 Marriage of Queen Mary with Philip II of Spain

1575 Jul 1575 Rathlin Island Massacre

1577 Oxford Black Assizes

1588 Spanish Armada

1603 Coronation of James I

1643 Battle of Gainsborough

1661 Creation of Baronets and Peerages by Charles II Post Coronation

1664 Great Plague of London

1666 St James' Day Battle

1673 Test Act

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 25th July

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 757. This year Eadbert, king of the Northumbrians, received the tonsure, and his son Osulf the kingdom; which he held one year. Him his own domestics slew on the ninth day before the kalends of August.

On 25 Jul 759 Oswulf King of Northumbria was murdered by his servants.

On 19 Aug 768 19 Aug 768 Eadberht King of Northumbria died. His son Oswulf King of Northumbria succeeded King Northumbria. He reigned for less than a year being murdered on 25 Jul 759.

After 25 Jul 1101 King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 33) and Robert Curthose III Duke Normandy (age 50), brothers, both sons of King William "Conqueror" I of England, signed the Treaty of Alton at Alton, Hampshire by which Robert Curthose III Duke Normandy (age 50) agreed to renounce his claim to the English throne in exchange for a yearly stipend and other concessions.

On 25 Jul 1137 Louis VII King Franks (age 17) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 15) were married. Her father William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine had died some three months previously leaving Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 15) as a ward of Louis's father Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) who quickly married her to his son Louis with a view to the Duchy of Aquitaine becoming joined with the Kingdom of France. A week later Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) died and his son Louis and Eleanor became King and Queen of France. She the daughter of William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine and Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine. He the son of Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) and Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France. They were third cousin once removed.

On 25 Jul 1465 King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 43) was captured.

Calendars. 25 Jul 1483. John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 58) was appointed Lord Admiral of all England Ireland and Aquitaine. King Richard III of England (age 30). Westminster Palace [Map]. Grant for life to the king's kinsman Henry (age 58), duke of Norfolk, of the office of admiral of England, Ireland and Aquitaine, with certain specified powers and the accustomed fees. By p.s.

Letters and Papers 1535. 25 Jul 1535. Vienna Archives. 1105. Chapuys to Charles V.

Since the return of the Duke of Norfolk (age 62) and the others from Calais I have several times written to your Majesty, and, among other things, that immediately after the said return Cromwell came to notify to me that nothing had been concluded on the part of his master, of which he wished me to inform you at once; and that I agreed to despatch a messenger, provided there was other matter to convey, such as that the King would accept the overtures made by your Majesty, or make better ones. I have also written how, besides other three Carthusians who have been executed with the same cruelty as the former ones, they had beheaded the Cardinal of Rochester (deceased) and Master Morus (deceased), to the great grief of the whole people.

Letters and Papers 1535. 25 Jul 1535. 1105. I have also written how the affairs of Kildare prospered, and that the English were sending two persons to Lubeck and Denmark. At the request of the Princess I lately sent a message to Cromwell to know if she could be placed with the Queen; but he told me that the King his master would never consent to it, and there was no occasion for it, except that the said Queen was too papistical. He said the true means to get the Princess removed from where she was, and cured of her illness, would be to find a suitable match for her, provided it was not the Dauphin, to whom they had no intention of giving her, however much your Majesty might desire it; and that they were importuned by several petty princes of Germany, but this would degrade her too much. I think the King is not over anxious to marry, her; and, if we may trust the concubine (age 34), the dower will not cost much, because she is incessantly crying after the King that he does not act with prudence in suffering the Queen and Princess to live, who deserved death more than those who have been executed, and that they were the cause of all. Since Shrovetide I have sent a servant once or twice every week to the said Princess, but lately her gouvernante told my man that she was charged not to let him come in again. On this I have asked Cromwell to know the will of the King his master.

On 25 Jul 1547 King Henry II of France (age 28) was crowned II King France: Capet Valois Angoulême.

On 25 Jul 1554 Prince Philip of Spain (age 27) and Queen Mary (age 38) were married by Bishop Stephen Gardiner (age 71) at Winchester Cathedral [Map]. She the daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland and Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England. He the son of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor (age 54) and Isabel Aviz Queen Consort Spain. They were first cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

John Gage (age 74) bore the queen's train.

Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague (age 16) took part in the Bridal Procession.

Wriothesley's Chronicle 25 Jul 1554. The 25 of Julie [1554], beinge Weddensdaye and St. James dayea, about xi of the clocke the Kinge (age 27) and Queene (age 38) came from their lodgings towardes the churche all the way on foote, verie richelye apparelled in gownes of cloth of golde sett with riche stones, he with his gentle-men and garde and she with hers, eche of them havinge a sworde borne before them, the Earle of Darbye (age 45) bearinge the sworde before her Maiestie, and the Earle of Pembroke (age 53) before the Kinge; and when they were come into the churche he went into one traveys and the Queen to another richlye hunge, where they were shriven. This done they came forth of their traveys to the place appoynted for the marriage, where the Lord Chauncellor (age 71), beinge before with 5 other bishops assistinge him, used all thinges, both in the banes-byddinge and otherwise, as hath bene in all marriages of olde tyme, and spake it both in Latin and in Englishe, her Grace on the right syde standinge and the King on the left syde. Her marriage ringe was a rownd hoope of gould without anye stone, which was her desire, for she sayde she would be married as maydens were in the olde tyme, and so she was.

After the marriage knott thus knitt the King and Queen came hand in hand under a riche canopie, beinge borne over them with 6 knightes and 2 swordes before them, all the lordes both Englishe and strangers richelye apparelled goeinge afore them, the trumpetts then blowinge tyll they came into the quier, where all the priestes and singinge men all in riche copes began to singe a psalme used in marriages, the King and Queen kneelinge awhile before the aulter, eche of them havinge a taper afore them; then after her Majestic went into her traveys on the right syde, and the King into another on the left syde; after the gospell they came owt and kneeled before the alter openlye all the masse tyme, and the care-cloth was holden ouer them; and he kissed the bishopp at the Agnus and then her Majestie. The masse done the Kinge of Herroldes openlye in the churche, and in presence of the King, the Queen, the lordes and ladies, and all the people, solemnlye proclay'med their Maiesties Kinge and Queene, with their title and style, in manner as followeth:

Philippe and Marie, by the grace of God Kinge and Queene of The Kinge and Englande, France, Naples, Jerusalem, and Irelande, Defenders of the Faythe, Princes of Spayne and Sicilie, Archdukes of Austriche, Dukes of Mylane, Burgundye, and Brabant, Countes of Aspurge,b Flaunders, and Tyrrole. Which proclamation ended, the trumpetts blue and other noyses playde. And then the Kinge and Queene came furthe hand in hand, with their lordes, ladies, and gentlemen way tinge on them, and 2 swordes borne afore them in manner aforesayde; and so went on foote to the courte, and there dined openlye in the hall, both together at one table.

Note a. The feast of St. James, the titular saint of Spain.Marriage of Queen Mary with Philip II of Spain

Note b. Haspurgi, Hapsburg.

On 25 Jul 1564 Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 36) was appointed Holy Roman Emperor.

On 25 Jul 1564 Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor (age 61) died at Vienna. His son Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 36) succeeded II Holy Roman Emperor. Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 36) by marriage Holy Roman Empress. His son Ferdinand Habsburg Spain II Archduke Austria (age 35) succeeded II Archduke Austria. Philippine Welser Archduchess Austria (age 37) by marriage Archduke Austria.

Before 25 Jul 1575 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex (age 33) ordered Francis Drake (age 35) and John Norreys (age 28) to confront Scottish refugees on Rathlin Island. On 25 Jul 1575 the garrison surrendered.

Around Mar 1577 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred in Oxford killing around 300 people.

After 25 Jul 1577 Robert Bell (age 38) died of gaol fever.

In Jul 1577 Thomas D'Oyly died.

On 25 Jul 1588 Thomas Howard 1st Earl Suffolk (age 26) was captain of the Golden Lion in the attack on the Spanish Armada.

On 25 Jul 1603 Santi di Tito (age 66) died.

On 25 Jul 1603 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].

Charles Howard 1st Earl Nottingham (age 67) was appointed Lord High Steward.

On 26 Jul 1603 Thomas Bennett (age 60) and Thomas Cambell (age 67) were knighted.

On 27 Jul 1603 William Wrey 1st Baronet was knighted at Whitehall Palace [Map].

On 30 Jul 1603 Richard Preston 1st Earl Desmond was knighted at Whitehall Palace [Map].

Bishop Thomas Bilson (age 56) gave the sermon. While the wording conceded something to the divine right of kings, it also included a caveat about lawful resistance to a monarch.

Diary of Anne Clifford 1603. 25 Jul 1603. Upon the 25th of July the King and Queen (age 28) were crowned at Westminster, my Father (age 44) and Mother (age 43) both attended in their robes, my Aunt of Bath and my Uncle Russell (age 45), which solemn sight my Mother (age 43) would not let me see because the plague was hot in London, therefore I continued at Norbury, where my cousin did so feed me with breakfasts and pear pies and such things, as shortly after I fell into sickness.

In Jul 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...

10 Jul 1661 Christopher Guise 1st Baronet (age 44) was created 1st Baronet Guise of Elmore in Gloucestershire.

16 Jul 1661 Philip Parker 1st Baronet (age 43) was created 1st Baronet Parker of Arwarton in Suffolk. Rebecca Long Lady Parker by marriage Lady Parker of Arwarton in Suffolk.

21 Jul 1661 Charles Hussey 1st Baronet (age 35) was created 1st Baronet Hussey of Caythorpe in Lincolnshire.

21 Jul 1661 Edward Barkham 1st Baronet (age 31) was created 1st Baronet Barkham Waynflete.

25 Jul 1661 John Banks 1st Baronet (age 34) was created 1st Baronet Banks of London by King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland.

Pepy's Diary. 25 Jul 1664. Thence back again homewards, and Sir W. Batten (age 63) and I to the Coffee-house, but no newes, only the plague is very hot still, and encreases among the Dutch.

Pepy's Diary. 25 Jul 1665. At noon to the 'Change [Map], which was very thin, and thence homeward, and was called in by Mr. Rawlinson (age 51), with whom I dined and some good company very harmlessly merry. But sad the story of the plague in the City, it growing mightily. This day my Lord Bruncker (age 45) did give me Mr. Grant's' (age 45) book upon the Bills of Mortality, new printed and enlarged.

On 25 Jul 1666 the English fleet inflicted a severe defeat on the Dutch. Dutch casualties amounted to 1200 men, English 300.

Captain George Batts fought in Richard Utber's division in the White Squadron..

The Gloucester fought.

Evelyn's Diary. 25 Jul 1666. The fleets engaged. I dined at Lord Berkeley's (age 38), at St. James's, where dined my Lady Harrietta Hyde (age 20), Lord Arlington (age 48), and Sir John Duncomb (age 44).

After 25 Jul 1666. Church of St Michael and All Angels, Edenham [Map]. Monument to Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey (deceased). Two adjacent memorial tablets have moulded base and cornice and are surmounted by the Cartouche of arms and the Ancaster cannon. To the sides are military trophies in high relief and at the base, arms, anchors and helms.[Source: BLB].

Pepy's Diary. 25 Jul 1668. Up, and at the Office all the morning; and at noon, after dinner, to Cooper's (age 59), it being a very rainy day, and there saw my wife's picture go on, which will be very fine indeed. And so home again to my letters, and then to supper and to bed.

Evelyn's Diary. 25 Jul 1673. I went to Tunbridge Wells, Kent [Map], to visit my Lord Clifford (age 42), late Lord Treasurer, who was there to divert his mind more than his body; it was believed that he had so engaged himself to the Duke (age 39), that rather than take the Test, without which he was not capable of holding any office, he would resign that great and honorable station. This, I am confident, grieved him to the heart, and at last broke it; for, though he carried with him music, and people to divert him, and, when I came to see him, lodged me in his own apartment, and would not let me go from him, I found he was struggling in his mind; and being of a rough and ambitious nature, he could not long brook the necessity he had brought on himself, of submission to this conjuncture. Besides, he saw the Dutch war, which was made much by his advice, as well as the shutting up of the Exchequer, very unprosperous. These things his high spirit could not support. Having stayed here two or three days, I obtained leave of my Lord to return.

Evelyn's Diary. 25 Jul 1683. I again saw Prince George of Denmark (age 30): he had the Danish countenance, blonde, of few words, spoke French but ill, seemed somewhat heavy, but reported to be valiant, and indeed he had bravely rescued and brought off his brother, the King of Denmark (age 37), in a battle against the Swedes, when both these Kings were engaged very smartly.

Evelyn's Diary. 25 Jul 1692. To Mr. Hewer's (age 50) at Clapham, where he has an excellent, useful, and capacious house on the Common, built by Sir Den. Gauden, and by him sold to Mr. Hewer, who got a very considerable estate in the Navy, in which, from being Mr. Pepys's (age 59) clerk, he came to be one of the principal officers, but was put out of all employment on the Revolution, as were all the best officers, on suspicion of being no friends to the change; such were put in their places, as were most shamefully ignorant and unfit. Mr. Hewer (age 50) lives very handsomely and friendly to everybody. Our fleet was now sailing on their long pretense of a descent on the French coast; but, after having sailed one hundred leagues, returned, the admiral and officers disagreeing as to the place where they were to land, and the time of year being so far spent,-to the great dishonor of those at the helm, who concerted their matters so indiscreetly, or, as some thought, designedly.

On 25 Jul 1719 Elizabeth Cresswell (age 27) died. Monument at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Elizabeth Cresswell: Around 1692 she was born. Before 15 Jun 1713 Gervase Scrope of Cockeringham and she were married.

On 25 Jul 1734 Arthur Saunders Gore 2nd Earl Arran was born to Arthur Saunders Gore 1st Earl Arran (age 31) and Jane Saunders.

On 25 Jul 1750 George Vane of Long Newton (age 65) died. Memorial at St Mary's Church, Long Newton [Map].

George Vane of Long Newton: In 1685 he was born to Lionel Vane. In or before 1728 George Vane of Long Newton and Ann Machon were married. The had fours sons and four daughters.

In 25 Jul 1763 Mary Greene (age 63) died. Church of St Mary, Hillington [Map]. Large mural marble tablet with fluted Ionic pilasters and segmental head. Inscribed Sir W B Archit.

Mary Greene: On 29 Sep 1699 she was born to Charles Greene. On 24 Aug 1717 William Browne and she were married.

On 25 Jul 1787 Arthur Devis (age 75) died at Brighton.

On 25 Jul 1797 Princess Augusta Hesse-Kassel Duchess Cambridge was born to Frederick Hesse-Kassel (age 49). She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 25 Jul 1820 Henry Doulton was born.

On 25 Jul 1829 Elizabeth Siddal was born to Charles Crooke Siddall (age 28) and Elizabeth Eleanor Evans at 7 Charles Street. She was baptised 23 Aug 1830.

Charles Crooke Siddall: Around 1801 he was born.

On 25 Jul 1834 Samuel Taylor Coleridge (age 61) died.

Cansick's Monumental Inscriptions Volume 2 Highgate Cemetery. Highgate Cemetery. Sacred to the Memory of Samuel Taylor Coleridge (deceased). Poet, Philospher. Theologian. This truly great and good man resider for the last nineteen years of his life In this Hamlet. He quitted "the body of this death" July 25th 1834 In the sixty-second year of his age. Of his profound learning and discursive genius His literary works are an imperishable record. To his or private worth. His social and Christian virtues. James and Ann Gillman. The friends with whom he lived During the above period, dedicate this tablet. Under the pressure of a long And most painful disease. His disposition was unalterably sweet and angelic. He was an ever-enduring. ever-loving friend: The gentlest and kindest teacher: The most engaging home-companion. "O! framed for calmer times, and nobler hearts, O studious poet, eloquent for truth! Philosopher! condemning wealth and death. Yet docile, childlike, full of life and love." Here on thy monumental stone thy friends inscribe thy worth; Reader, for the world, mourn; A light has passed away from the earth ; But, for this pious and exalted Christian, "Rejoice! and again, I say unto you rejoice!"

Births on the 25th July

On 25 Jul 1216 Sybil Ferrers was born to William Ferrers 4th Earl of Derby (age 48) and Agnes Gernon Countess Derby. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Henry I "Beauclerc" England.

On 25 Jul 1261 Arthur Capet Duke Brittany was born to John Capet II Duke Brittany (age 22) and Beatrice Plantagenet (age 19). He a grandson of King Henry III of England.

On 25 Jul 1274 John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp Somerset was born to John Beauchamp 1st Baron Beauchamp (age 26) and Cicely Vivonne Forz Baroness Beauchamp.

On 25 Jul 1327 John Tuchet was born.

On 25 Jul 1404 Philip Valois I Duke Brabant was born to Anthony Valois Duke Brabant (age 19) and Jeanne Luxemburg Duchess Brabant. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 25 Jul 1421 Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland was born to Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland (age 28) and Eleanor Neville Countess Northumberland (age 24). He a great x 2 grandson of King Edward III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.42%.

On 25 Jul 1486 Albrecht VII Duke Mecklenburg was born to Magnus II Duke of Mecklenburg (age 45).

On 25 Jul 1522 Anna of Lorraine was born to Antoine Lorraine II Duke Lorraine (age 33).

On 25 Jul 1538 Diane Valois was born illegitimately to King Henry II of France (age 19) and Filippa Duci.

On 25 Jul 1584 Anne Knightley was born to Richard Knightley (age 51) and Elizabeth Seymour (age 32).

On 25 Jul 1586 Thomas Chapman was born.

On 25 Jul 1633 Joseph Williamson was born in Bridekirk, Cockermouth.

On 25 Jul 1634 Barbara Fletcher was born to Henry Fletcher 1st Baronet (age 34) and Catherine Dalston.

On 29 Mar 1674 William Hesse-Kassel was born to Charles I Landgrave Hesse-Kassel (age 19) and Maria Amalia of Courland Landgravine Hesse-Kassel (age 20). On 25 Jul 1676 William Hesse-Kassel (age 2) died. Coefficient of inbreeding 6.66%.

Before 25 Jul 1678 Christian Temple Lady Lyttelton was born to Richard Temple 3rd Baronet (age 44) and Mary Knapp Lady Temple.

On or before 25 Jul 1682 Winwood Reade 3rd Baronet was born to Edward Reade 2nd Baronet (age 23) and Elizabeth Harby Baroness Reade (age 21). He was baptised 25 Jul 1682 at St Mary's Church, Canons Ashby.

On 25 Jul 1688 Thomas Clarges 2nd Baronet was born to Walter Clarges 1st Baronet (age 35) and Jane Herbert.

On 25 Jul 1727 Infante Louis of Spain was born to Philippe V King Spain (age 43) and Elisabeth Farnese Queen Consort Spain (age 34).

On 25 Jul 1730 Stephen Moore 1st Earl Mount Cashell was born to Stephen Moore 1st Viscount Mount Cashell (age 34) and Alicia Colville.

On 25 Jul 1731 George Adams aka Anson was born to Sambrooke Adams (age 41) and Janette Anson (age 41).

On 25 Jul 1734 Arthur Saunders Gore 2nd Earl Arran was born to Arthur Saunders Gore 1st Earl Arran (age 31) and Jane Saunders.

On 25 Jul 1756 John Gregory Shaw 5th Baronet was born to John Shaw 4th Baronet (age 27).

On 25 Jul 1797 Princess Augusta Hesse-Kassel Duchess Cambridge was born to Frederick Hesse-Kassel (age 49). She a great granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and Ireland.

On 25 Jul 1802 Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard was born to Henry Howard-Molyneux-Howard (age 35) and Elizabeth Long.

On 25 Jul 1804 Thomas Gladstone 2nd Baronet was born to John Gladstone 1st Baronet (age 39) and Anne MacKenzie Robertson (age 32).

On 25 Jul 1818 Albert aka Abdullah Sassoon 1st Baronet was born to David Sassoon (age 25) and Hannah Joseph at Baghdad.

On 25 Jul 1819 Georgina Douglas was born to John Douglas 7th Marquess Queensberry (age 40).

On 25 Jul 1820 Henry Doulton was born.

On 25 Jul 1824 William Henry Powell Gore-Langton was born to William Gore-Langton (age 37) and Jacintha Frances Dorothea Collins.

On 25 Jul 1825 Alan Spencer-Churchill was born to George Spencer-Churchill 6th Duke of Marlborough (age 31) and Jane Stewart Duchess of Marlborough (age 27). Coefficient of inbreeding 6.26%.

On 25 Jul 1829 Elizabeth Siddal was born to Charles Crooke Siddall (age 28) and Elizabeth Eleanor Evans at 7 Charles Street. She was baptised 23 Aug 1830.

Charles Crooke Siddall: Around 1801 he was born.

On 25 Jul 1829 Alexander Samuel Leslie-Melville was born to Alexander Leslie-Melville (age 29) and Charlotte Smith.

On 25 Jul 1856 Alfred John Mulholland was born.

On 25 Jul 1860 Violet Catherine Beckett-Denison was born to William Beckett-Denison (age 33) and Helen Duncombe (age 29).

On 25 Jul 1872 William Charles de Meuron "Billy" Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 7th and 5th Earl Fitzwilliam was born to William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (age 32) and Laura Maria Theresa Beauclerk (age 23) in Pointe de Meuron, Ontario. The remote location of his birth gave rise to the accusation he was a changeling to remove epilepsy from the bloodline.

On 25 Jul 1874 John Harrison was born.

On 25 Jul 1881 Mary Grey was born to Harry Grey 8th Earl Stamford 4th Earl Warrington (age 69).

On 25 Jul 1903 William Smith 3rd Viscount Hambleden was born to Frederick Smith 2nd Viscount Hambleden (age 34) and Esther Georgiana Caroline Gore Viscountess Hambleden (age 33).

On 25 Jul 1915 Joseph Patrick Kennedy was born to Joseph Patrick Kennedy (age 26) and Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald (age 25).

On 25 Jul 1954 Quentin Wallop 10th Earl of Portsmouth was born to Oliver Kintzing Wallop (age 31).

On 25 Jul 1961 Guy Wogan Philipps 4th Baron Milford was born to Hugo Philipps 3rd Baron Milford and Mary Makins (age 26).

On 25 Jul 1962 Susan Douglas was born to Gavin William Douglas (age 56) and Agnes Salkeld.

On 25 Jul 1966 Henry Alexander Nicholas Beaumont was born to Edward Canning Beaumont (age 36).

Marriages on the 25th July

On 25 Jul 1137 Louis VII King Franks (age 17) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 15) were married. Her father William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine had died some three months previously leaving Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 15) as a ward of Louis's father Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) who quickly married her to his son Louis with a view to the Duchy of Aquitaine becoming joined with the Kingdom of France. A week later Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) died and his son Louis and Eleanor became King and Queen of France. She the daughter of William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine and Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine. He the son of Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) and Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France. They were third cousin once removed.

On 25 Jul 1316 Robert Fitzpayn 3rd Baron Fitzpayn (age 16) and Maud Badlesmere Countess of Oxford (age 8) were married. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

Before 25 Jul 1377 William Fitzwilliam (age 31) and Maud Cromwell were married.

On 25 Jul 1418 Jacob Margrave of Baden-Baden (age 11) and Catherine Metz (age 11) were married. She the daughter of Charles Metz II Duke Lorraine (age 53) and Margaret Wittelsbach Duchess Lorraine (age 42).

Before 25 Jul 1457 James Berkeley 11th and 1st Baron Berkeley (age 63) and Joan Talbot Baroness Berkeley (age 35) were married. She by marriage Baroness Berkeley. The difference in their ages was 28 years. She the daughter of John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and Maud Neville 6th Baroness Furnivall. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

On 25 Jul 1554 Prince Philip of Spain (age 27) and Queen Mary (age 38) were married by Bishop Stephen Gardiner (age 71) at Winchester Cathedral [Map]. She the daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland and Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England. He the son of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor (age 54) and Isabel Aviz Queen Consort Spain. They were first cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.

John Gage (age 74) bore the queen's train.

Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague (age 16) took part in the Bridal Procession.

On 25 Jul 1603 Richard Boyle 1st Earl Cork (age 36) and Catherine Fenton Countess Cork (age 18) were married.

On 25 Jul 1610 Henry Clifford 5th Earl of Cumberland (age 19) and Frances Cecil Countess Cumberland (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 47) and Elizabeth Brooke. He the son of Francis Clifford 4th Earl of Cumberland (age 51) and Grisold Hughes Countess Cumberland.

On 25 Jul 1646 Francis Scott 2nd Earl Buccleuch (age 19) and Margaret Leslie Countess Buccleuch and Wemyss (age 26) were married. She by marriage Countess Buccleuch. She the daughter of John Leslie 6th Earl Rothes and Anne Erskine Countess of Rothes. He the son of Walter Scott 1st Earl Buccleuch and Mary Hay Countess Buccleuch. They were half third cousins.

Before 25 Jul 1682 Edward Reade 2nd Baronet (age 23) and Elizabeth Harby Baroness Reade (age 21) were married. She by marriage Lady Reade of Barton in Berkshire. Some sources give the date as 09 Jun 1684 which is inconsistent with the birth of their first son Winwood Reade 3rd Baronet on 25 Jul 1682.

Before 25 Jul 1688 Walter Clarges 1st Baronet (age 35) and Jane Herbert were married.

On 25 Jul 1695 John Hervey 1st Earl Bristol (age 29) and Elizabeth Felton Countess Bristol (age 18) were married.

Before 25 Jul 1696 Charles Howe (age 35) and Eleanor Pargiter were married.

Before 25 Jul 1713 Charles Townshend 2nd Viscount Townsend (age 39) and Dorothy Walpole Viscountess Townsend (age 26) were married. She by marriage Viscountess Townsend.

Before 25 Jul 1716 John Chetwynd 2nd Viscount Chetwynd (age 34) and Esther Kent Viscountess Chetwynd (age 16) were married.

After 25 Jul 1719 Gervase Scrope of Cockeringham (age 36) and Frances Lister (age 21) were married.

On 25 Jul 1784 Gabriel Mario Piozzi and Hester Lynch Salusbury (age 44) were married.

On 25 Jul 1792 Murrough O'Brien 1st Marquess Thomond (age 66) and Mary Palmer Marchioness Thomond (age 42) were married. The difference in their ages was 24 years.

On 25 Jul 1795 George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburnham (age 34) and Charlotte Percy Countess Ashburham (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Algernon Percy 1st Earl Beverley (age 45) and Isabella Susan Burrell Countess Beverley (age 44). He the son of John Ashburnham 2nd Earl Ashburnham (age 70) and Elizabeth Crowley Countess Ashburham.

On 25 Jul 1811 Arthur Hasselrigge aka Grey 11th Baronet (age 20) and Henrietta Anne Bourne Lady Haselrigge (age 27) were married.

Before 25 Jul 1814 Captain Anthony James Pye Molloy (age 60) and Juliana Laforey were married.

On 25 Jul 1814 Henry Somerset 7th Duke Beaufort (age 22) and Georgiana Frederica Fitzroy (age 21) were married at Upper Brook Street. Following her death in 1821 he would marry her younger half-sister Emily Frances Smith Duchess Beaufort (age 14). An example of a man marrying two sisters, albeit in this case half-sisters. He the son of Henry Charles Somerset 6th Duke Beaufort (age 47) and Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower Duchess Beaufort (age 43). They were fourth cousins. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 25 Jul 1821 Thomas Stonor 3rd Baron Camoys (age 23) and Frances Towneley (age 20) were married.

On 25 Jul 1821 Captain James Head (age 31) and Cecilia Martha Harvey Lindsay were married.

On 25 Jul 1822 Henry Lawes Long (age 27) and Catherine Walpole (age 24) were married. She the daughter of Horatio Walpole 2nd Earl Orford (deceased) and Sophia Churchill.

Before 25 Jul 1824 William Gore-Langton (age 37) and Jacintha Frances Dorothea Collins were married. He a great x 3 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 25 Jul 1833 Ambrose Lisle March Phillipps De Lisle (age 24) and Laura Mary Clifford were married. She a great x 3 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 25 Jul 1833 Charles Noel 1st Earl Gainsborough (age 51) and Frances Jocelyn Countess Gainsborough (age 18) were married. The difference in their ages was 33 years. She the daughter of Robert Jocelyn 3rd Earl Roden (age 44) and Maria Frances Catherine Stapleton Countess Roden.

On 25 Jul 1839 William Ewart Gladstone (age 29) and Catherine Glynne (age 27) were married.

On 25 Jul 1863 General Edward Earle Gascoigne Bulwer (age 33) and Isabella Anne Buxton (age 25) were married.

On 25 Jul 1867 Henry Riversdale Grenfell (age 43) and Aleathea Louisa Adeane were married. He a great x 5 grandson of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 25 Jul 1881 Ralph Ormsby-Gore 3rd Baron Harlech (age 26) and Margaret Ethel Gordon Baroness Harlech (age 23) were married. She the daughter of Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly and Maria Antoinetta Pegus Marchioness Huntly (age 60). He a great x 5 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 25 Jul 1885 Montagu Charles Francis Bertie (age 24) and Rose Riversdale Glyn (age 25) were married. He the son of Montagu Arthur Bertie 7th Earl of Abingdon (age 49) and Caroline Theresa Towneley.

On 25 Jul 1898 James Alexander Orr-Ewing (age 41) and Margaret Frances Susan Innes-Kerr (age 23) were married. She the daughter of James Henry Robert Innes-Kerr 7th Duke Roxburghe and Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill Duchess Roxburghe (age 43).

Deaths on the 25th July

On 25 Jul 759 Oswulf King of Northumbria was murdered by his servants.

On 19 Aug 768 19 Aug 768 Eadberht King of Northumbria died. His son Oswulf King of Northumbria succeeded King Northumbria. He reigned for less than a year being murdered on 25 Jul 759.

On 25 Jul 1044 Bishop Ælfweard of London died.

On 25 Jul 1170 Renauld of Bar II Count of Bar died. His son Henry of Bar I Count of Bar (age 12) succeeded I Count Bar.

On 25 Jul 1182 Marie Blois I Countess Boulogne (age 46) died.

On 25 Jul 1186 Hugh Lacy (age 52) was killed by Gilla-Gan-Mathiar O'Maidhaigh at Durrow, County Offaly. He was buried at Durrow Abbey, Durrow, County Offaly, reburied at Bective Abbey, County Meath and reburied again at St Thomas' Abbey, Dublin.

On 25 Jul 1195 William I-Count Geneva (age 63) died.

On 25 Jul 1275 Ferdinand de la Cerda Ivrea (age 19) died.

On 25 Jul 1297 Donald Mar 6th Earl Mar died.

On 25 Jul 1297 Donald Mar 7th Earl Mar died at Kildrummy Castle, Kildrummy.

On 25 Jul 1358 John Neville 2nd Baron Neville Essex (age 59) died.

On 25 Jul 1373 Magnus II Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (age 49) died.

On 25 Jul 1394 Bryan Stapleton (age 72) died at Wighill Harrogate, North Yorkshire.

On 25 Jul 1429 Alan VIII Viscount Rohan (age 69) died. His son Alan IX Viscount Rohan (age 47) succeeded IX Viscount Rohan. Marguerite Montfort Viscountess Rohan by marriage Viscountess Rohan.

On 25 Jul 1472 Helen Melun Countess Eu died.

On 25 Jul 1492 Giovanni Battista Cybo (age 60) died.

On 25 Jul 1520 William Gascoigne of Lasingcroft (age 50) died.

On 25 Jul 1520 Agnes Grosvenor (age 85) died.

On 25 Jul 1530 Agnes Stewart (age 55) died.

On 25 Jul 1564 Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor (age 61) died at Vienna. His son Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 36) succeeded II Holy Roman Emperor. Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 36) by marriage Holy Roman Empress. His son Ferdinand Habsburg Spain II Archduke Austria (age 35) succeeded II Archduke Austria. Philippine Welser Archduchess Austria (age 37) by marriage Archduke Austria.

On 25 Jul 1570 Michael Purefoy (age 74) died at Caldecote.

Around Mar 1577 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred in Oxford killing around 300 people.

After 25 Jul 1577 Robert Bell (age 38) died of gaol fever.

In Jul 1577 Thomas D'Oyly died.

On 25 Jul 1577 Simon Harcourt (age 60) died at Stanton Harcourt, Oxfordshire [Map].

On 25 Jul 1603 Santi di Tito (age 66) died.

On 25 Jul 1629 Francis Bindlosse (age 26) died.

On 25 Jul 1629 Edward Littleton of Pillaton Hall (age 52) died at Pillaton Hall.

On 25 Jul 1640 Seymour Knightley (age 60) died.

On 25 Jul 1648 Thomas Broughton died.

On 25 Jul 1653 Nathaniel Barnardiston (age 65) died.

On 25 Jul 1658 Susan Uvedale died.

On 25 Jul 1661 Bernard de Nogaret de La Valette d'Epernon (age 69) died.

On 25 Jul 1664 Elizabeth Isham (age 85) died.

On 25 Jul 1665 Robin Shaw died.

On 25 Jul 1666 Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey (age 58) died. His son Robert Bertie 3rd Earl Lindsey (age 35) succeeded 3rd Earl Lindsey, 16th Baron Willoughby de Eresby. Elizabeth Wharton Countess Lindsey (age 33) by marriage Countess Lindsey.

Before 25 Jul 1667, the date he was buried at Westminster Abbey [Map], William Riley died.

On 25 Jul 1677 Frances Wenman died.

On 25 Jul 1690 Francis Luttrell (age 31) died.

On 25 Jul 1696 Eleanor Pargiter died. She was buried at St Peter's Church, Greatworth.

Before 25 Jul 1700 Edward Lovett (age 72) died.

On 25 Jul 1703 Robert Marsham 4th Baronet (age 52) died. His son Robert Marsham 1st Baron Romney (age 17) succeeded 5th Baronet Marsham of Cuckston in Kent.

Before 25 Jul 1716 Richard Kent died.

On 25 Jul 1719 Elizabeth Cresswell (age 27) died. Monument at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Elizabeth Cresswell: Around 1692 she was born. Before 15 Jun 1713 Gervase Scrope of Cockeringham and she were married.

On 25 Jul 1727 Barbara Hervey (age 20) died.

On 25 Jul 1731 Amy Clifford (age 26) died.

On 25 Jul 1734 Richard Cust 2nd Baronet (age 53) died. He was buried at St George's Church, Stamford. His son John Cust 3rd Baronet (age 15) succeeded 3rd Baronet Cust of Stamford in Lincolnshire.

On 25 Jul 1749 Benedicta Maria Theresa Hall Viscountess Gage died.

On 25 Jul 1750 George Vane of Long Newton (age 65) died. Memorial at St Mary's Church, Long Newton [Map].

George Vane of Long Newton: In 1685 he was born to Lionel Vane. In or before 1728 George Vane of Long Newton and Ann Machon were married. The had fours sons and four daughters.

On 25 Jul 1756 Alexander Lindsay 4th Earl Balcarres died. His brother James Lindsay 5th Earl Balcarres (age 64) succeeded 5th Earl Balcarres. Anne Dalrymple Countess Balcarres (age 29) by marriage Countess Balcarres.

In 25 Jul 1763 Mary Greene (age 63) died. Church of St Mary, Hillington [Map]. Large mural marble tablet with fluted Ionic pilasters and segmental head. Inscribed Sir W B Archit.

Mary Greene: On 29 Sep 1699 she was born to Charles Greene. On 24 Aug 1717 William Browne and she were married.

On 25 Jul 1769 Henrietta Somerset Lady Williams-Wynn (age 21) died fifteen weeks after she married of unknown causes.

On 25 Jul 1777 Anne Jennings-Clerke (age 27) died.

On 25 Jul 1787 Arthur Devis (age 75) died at Brighton.

On 25 Jul 1797 Elizabeth Penelope Mcdouall Crichton (age 24) died.

On 25 Jul 1814 Captain Anthony James Pye Molloy (age 60) died.

On 25 Jul 1818 Patrick Blake 2nd Baronet (age 50) died. His brother James Henry Blake 3rd Baronet (age 48) succeeded 3rd Baronet Blake of Langham in Suffolk.

On 25 Jul 1821 Frances Twysden (age 68) died in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. She was buried in the Villiers Vault, All Saints' Church, Middleton Stoney.

On 25 Jul 1822 Christiana Anton Viscountess Falkland died.

On 25 Jul 1834 Samuel Taylor Coleridge (age 61) died.

On 25 Jul 1835 Frances Arabella Cockayne (age 40) died.

On 25 Jul 1837 Louisa Frances Mary Dickenson Lady Anson died.

On 25 Jul 1842 William Woods Howard (age 56) died.

On 25 Jul 1846 Louis Bonaparte (age 67) died.

On 25 Jul 1847 John Erskine Douglas (age 89) died.

On 25 Jul 1863 Godfrey William Wentworth Bosville Macdonald (age 54) died.

On 25 Jul 1863 Godfrey Macdonald 4th Baron Macdonald (age 54) died.

On 25 Jul 1875 Francis Bond Head 1st Baronet (age 82) died. His son Francis Somerville Head 2nd Baronet (age 58) succeeded 2nd Baronet Head of Rochester in Kent.

On 25 Jul 1892 Bishop Thomas Legh Claughton (age 83) died.

On 25 Jul 1895 Colonel John Balfour 7th of Balbirnie (age 84) died.

On 25 Jul 1900 William Harbord (age 69) died.

On 25 Jul 1905 Marguerite de Rothschild Duchess Gramont (age 49) died.

On 25 Jul 1915 Virginie Amélie Avegno "Madame Gautreau" (age 56) died.

On 25 Jul 1917 Alice Mordaunt died.

On 25 Jul 1964 Marjorie Blanche Eva Greville Countess Feversham (age 79) died.

On 25 Jul 1993 Margaret Whigham (age 80) died at St George's Nursing Home, Pimlico. She was buried with her first husband Charles Francis Sweeny, who had died four months before, at Brookwood Cemetery, Woking.

On 25 Jul 2006 Lydia Yarde-Buller Duchess Bedford (age 88) died.

On 25 Jul 2011 Bridget Anne Keppel (age 85) died.