25 Jul is in July.
After 25 Jul 1101 King Henry I "Beauclerc" England (age 33) and Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy (age 50), brothers, both sons of King William "Conqueror" I of England, signed the Treaty of Alton at Alton by which Robert Curthose Normandy III Duke Normandy (age 50) agreed to renounce his claim to the English throne in exchange for a yearly stipend and other concessions.
On 25 Jul 1137 Louis VII King Franks (age 17) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 15) were married. Her father William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine had died some three months previously leaving Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 15) as a ward of Louis's father Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) who quickly married her to his son Louis with a view to the Duchy of Aquitaine becoming joined with the Kingdom of France. A week later Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) died and his son Louis and Eleanor became King and Queen of France. She the daughter of William "Saint" Poitiers X Duke Aquitaine and Aenor Chatellerault Duchess Aquitaine. He the son of Louis "Fat" VI King France (age 55) and Adelaide Savoy Queen Consort France. They were fourth cousins.
On 25 Jul 1182 Marie Blois I Countess Boulogne (age 46) died.
On 25 Jul 1201 Gruffydd ap Rhys Dinefwr Prince Deheubarth died. He was buried at Strata Florida Abbey Pontrhydfendigaid Ceredigion, South West Wales.
On 25 Jul 1297 Donald Mar 7th Earl Mar died at Kildrummy Castle, Kildrummy.
On 25 Jul 1297 Donald Mar 6th Earl Mar died.
On 25 Jul 1358 John Neville 2nd Baron Neville Essex (age 59) died.
On 25 Jul 1452 Robert Willoughby 6th Baron Willoughby (age 67) died. He was buried at All Saints Church Mettingham Bungay [Map]. His daughter Joan Willoughby 7th Baroness Willoughby Eresby (age 27) succeeded 7th Baroness Willoughby de Eresby. Richard Welles 7th Baron Willoughby 7th Baron Welles (age 24) by marriage Baron Willoughby de Eresby.
Before 25 Jul 1457 James Berkeley 11th and 1st Baron Berkeley (age 63) and Joan Talbot Baroness Berkeley (age 35) were married. Joan Talbot Baroness Berkeley by marriage Baroness Berkeley. The difference in their ages was 28 years. She the daughter of John "Old Talbot" Talbot 1st Earl of Shrewsbury and Maud Neville 6th Baroness Furnivall. He a great x 3 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.
Letters and Papers 1535. 25 Jul 1535. Vienna Archives. 1105. Chapuys to Charles V.
Since the return of the Duke of Norfolk (age 62) and the others from Calais I have several times written to your Majesty, and, among other things, that immediately after the said return Cromwell came to notify to me that nothing had been concluded on the part of his master, of which he wished me to inform you at once; and that I agreed to despatch a messenger, provided there was other matter to convey, such as that the King would accept the overtures made by your Majesty, or make better ones. I have also written how, besides other three Carthusians who have been executed with the same cruelty as the former ones, they had beheaded the Cardinal of Rochester (deceased) and Master Morus (deceased), to the great grief of the whole people.NOTEXT
On 25 Jul 1553 John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 49), John Dudley 2nd Earl Warwick (age 26), Robert Dudley 1st Earl of Leicester (age 21), Guildford Dudley (age 18), Andrew Dudley (age 46), Henry Dudley (age 22) and Henry Manners 2nd Earl of Rutland (age 26) and Francis Hastings 2nd Earl Huntingdon (age 39) were imprisoned at the Tower of London [Map] for supporting Jane "Nine Days Queen" Grey I Queen England and Ireland (age 17).
On 25 Jul 1554 Prince Philip of Spain (age 27) and Queen Mary (age 38) were married by Bishop Stephen Gardiner (age 71) at Winchester Cathedral [Map]. She the daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Ireland and Catherine of Aragon Queen Consort England. He the son of Charles V Holy Roman Emperor (age 54) and Isabel Aviz Queen Consort Spain. They were first cousin once removed. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward III of England.
John Gage (age 74) bore the queen's train.
Magdalen Dacre Viscountess Montague (age 16) took part in the Bridal Procession.
Wriothesley's Chronicle. The 25 of Julie , beinge Weddensdaye and St. James dayea, about xi of the clocke the Kinge (age 27) and Queene (age 38) came from their lodgings towardes the churche all the way on foote, verie richelye apparelled in gownes of cloth of golde sett with riche stones, he with his gentle-men and garde and she with hers, eche of them havinge a sworde borne before them, the Earle of Darbye (age 45) bearinge the sworde before her Maiestie, and the Earle of Pembroke (age 53) before the Kinge; and when they were come into the churche he went into one traveys and the Queen to another richlye hunge, where they were shriven. This done they came forth of their traveys to the place appoynted for the marriage, where the Lord Chauncellor (age 71), beinge before with 5 other bishops assistinge him, used all thinges, both in the banes-byddinge and otherwise, as hath bene in all marriages of olde tyme, and spake it both in Latin and in Englishe, her Grace on the right syde standinge and the King on the left syde. Her marriage ringe was a rownd hoope of gould without anye stone, which was her desire, for she sayde she would be married as maydens were in the olde tyme, and so she was.
After the marriage knott thus knitt the King and Queen came hand in hand under a riche canopie, beinge borne over them with 6 knightes and 2 swordes before them, all the lordes both Englishe and strangers richelye apparelled goeinge afore them, the trumpetts then blowinge tyll they came into the quier, where all the priestes and singinge men all in riche copes began to singe a psalme used in marriages, the King and Queen kneelinge awhile before the aulter, eche of them havinge a taper afore them; then after her Majestic went into her traveys on the right syde, and the King into another on the left syde; after the gospell they came owt and kneeled before the alter openlye all the masse tyme, and the care-cloth was holden ouer them; and he kissed the bishopp at the Agnus and then her Majestie. The masse done the Kinge of Herroldes openlye in the churche, and in presence of the King, the Queen, the lordes and ladies, and all the people, solemnlye proclay'med their Maiesties Kinge and Queene, with their title and style, in manner as followeth:
Philippe and Marie, by the grace of God Kinge and Queene of The Kinge and Englande, France, Naples, Jerusalem, and Irelande, Defenders of the Faythe, Princes of Spayne and Sicilie, Archdukes of Austriche, Dukes of Mylane, Burgundye, and Brabant, Countes of Aspurge,b Flaunders, and Tyrrole. Which proclamation ended, the trumpetts blue and other noyses playde. And then the Kinge and Queene came furthe hand in hand, with their lordes, ladies, and gentlemen way tinge on them, and 2 swordes borne afore them in manner aforesayde; and so went on foote to the courte, and there dined openlye in the hall, both together at one table.
Note a. The feast of St. James, the titular saint of Spain.Marriage of Queen Mary with Philip II of Spain
Note b. Haspurgi, Hapsburg.
On 25 Jul 1564 Ferdinand I Holy Roman Emperor (age 61) died at Vienna. His son Maximilian Habsburg Spain II Holy Roman Emperor (age 36) succeeded II Holy Roman Emperor. Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 36) by marriage Holy Roman Empress. His son Ferdinand Habsburg Spain II Archduke Austria (age 35) succeeded II Archduke Austria. Philippine Welser Archduchess Austria (age 37) by marriage Archduke Austria.
On 25 Jul 1564 Maria of Spain Holy Roman Empress (age 36) was appointed Holy Roman Emperor.
Before 25 Jul 1575 Walter Devereux 1st Earl Essex (age 33) ordered Francis Drake (age 35) and John Norreys (age 28) to confront Scottish refugees on Rathlin Island. On 25 Jul 1575 the garrison surrendered.
Around Mar 1577 a virulent outbreak of gaol fever occurred in Oxford killing around 300 people.
After 25 Jul 1577 Robert Bell (age 38) died of gaol fever.
In Jul 1577 Thomas D'Oyly died.
On 25 Jul 1603 Richard Boyle 1st Earl Cork (age 36) and Catherine Fenton Countess Cork (age 18) were married.
On 25 Jul 1603 King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland (age 37) was crowned I King England Scotland and Ireland at Westminster Abbey [Map].
On 26 Jul 1603 Thomas Bennett (age 60) and Thomas Cambell (age 67) were knighted.
Bishop Thomas Bilson (age 56) gave the sermon. While the wording conceded something to the divine right of kings, it also included a caveat about lawful resistance to a monarch.
On 25 Jul 1610 Henry Clifford 5th Earl of Cumberland (age 19) and Frances Cecil Countess Cumberland (age 17) were married. She the daughter of Robert Cecil 1st Earl Salisbury (age 47) and Elizabeth Brooke. He the son of Francis Clifford 4th Earl of Cumberland (age 51) and Grisold Hughes Countess Cumberland.
On 25 Jul 1643 Robert Pierrepont 1st Earl Kingston (age 58) was shot and killed accidentally while a prisoner on board a vessel bound for Hull. His son Henry Pierrepont 1st Marquess Dorchester (age 37) succeeded 2nd Earl Kingston upon Hull, 2nd Viscount Newark 1C 1627, 2nd Baron Pierrepont of Holme Pierrepont 1C 1627. Catherine Stanley Marchioness Dorchester by marriage Countess Kingston upon Hull.
On 25 Jul 1646 Francis Scott 2nd Earl Buccleuch (age 19) and Margaret Leslie Countess Buccleuch and Wemyss (age 26) were married. Margaret Leslie Countess Buccleuch and Wemyss by marriage Countess Buccleuch. She the daughter of John Leslie 6th Earl Rothes and Anne Erskine Countess of Rothes. He the son of Walter Scott 1st Earl Buccleuch and Mary Hay Countess Buccleuch. They were half third cousins.
In Jul 1661 King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 31) created new Baronetcies and Peerages ...
10 Jul 1661 Christopher Guise 1st Baronet (age 44) was created 1st Baronet Guise of Elmore in Gloucestershire.
Pepy's Diary. 25 Jul 1665. At noon to the 'Change [Map], which was very thin, and thence homeward, and was called in by Mr. Rawlinson (age 51), with whom I dined and some good company very harmlessly merry. But sad the story of the plague in the City, it growing mightily. This day my Lord Bruncker (age 45) did give me Mr. Grant's' (age 45) book upon the Bills of Mortality, new printed and enlarged.
Evelyn's Diary. 25 Jul 1666. The fleets engaged. I dined at Lord Berkeley's (age 38), at St. James's, where dined my Lady Harrietta Hyde (age 20), Lord Arlington (age 48), and Sir John Duncomb (age 44).
After 25 Jul 1666. Church of St Michael and All Angels Edenham [Map]. Monument to Montagu Bertie 2nd Earl Lindsey (deceased). Two adjacent memorial tablets have moulded base and cornice and are surmounted by the Cartouche of arms and the Ancaster cannon. To the sides are military trophies in high relief and at the base, arms, anchors and helms.[Source: BLB].
Evelyn's Diary. 25 Jul 1673. I went to Tunbridge Wells [Map], to visit my Lord Clifford (age 42), late Lord Treasurer, who was there to divert his mind more than his body; it was believed that he had so engaged himself to the Duke (age 39), that rather than take the Test, without which he was not capable of holding any office, he would resign that great and honorable station. This, I am confident, grieved him to the heart, and at last broke it; for, though he carried with him music, and people to divert him, and, when I came to see him, lodged me in his own apartment, and would not let me go from him, I found he was struggling in his mind; and being of a rough and ambitious nature, he could not long brook the necessity he had brought on himself, of submission to this conjuncture. Besides, he saw the Dutch war, which was made much by his advice, as well as the shutting up of the Exchequer, very unprosperous. These things his high spirit could not support. Having stayed here two or three days, I obtained leave of my Lord to return.
Evelyn's Diary. 25 Jul 1683. I again saw Prince George of Denmark (age 30): he had the Danish countenance, blonde, of few words, spoke French but ill, seemed somewhat heavy, but reported to be valiant, and indeed he had bravely rescued and brought off his brother, the King of Denmark (age 37), in a battle against the Swedes, when both these Kings were engaged very smartly.
Before 25 Jul 1716 John Chetwynd 2nd Viscount Chetwynd (age 34) and Esther Kent Viscountess Chetwynd (age 16) were married.
Elizabeth Cresswell: Around 1692 she was born. Before 15 Jun 1713 Gervase Scrope of Cockeringham (age 30) and Elizabeth Cresswell (age 21) were married.
On 25 Jul 1730 Stephen Moore 1st Earl Mount Cashell was born to Stephen Moore 1st Viscount Mount Cashell (age 34) and Alicia Colville.
On 25 Jul 1747 William Lygon 1st Earl Beauchamp was born to Reginald Pyndar aka Lygon of Madresfield in Worcestershire (age 35) and Susannah Hamner (age 36).
Mary Greene: On 29 Sep 1699 she was born to Charles Greene Apothecary. On 24 Aug 1717 William Browne (age 25) and Mary Greene (age 17) were married.
On 25 Jul 1795 George Ashburnham 3rd Earl Ashburnham (age 34) and Charlotte Percy Countess Ashburham (age 19) were married. She the daughter of Algernon Percy 1st Earl Beverley (age 45) and Isabella Susan Burrell Countess Beverley (age 44). He the son of John Ashburnham 2nd Earl Ashburnham (age 70) and Elizabeth Crowley Countess Ashburham.
On 25 Jul 1814 Henry Somerset 7th Duke Beaufort (age 22) and Georgiana Frederica Fitzroy (age 21) were married at Upper Brook Street. Following her death in 1821 he would marry her younger half-sister Emily Frances Smith Duchess Beaufort (age 14). An example of a man marrying two sisters, albeit in this case half-sisters. He the son of Henry Charles Somerset 6th Duke Beaufort (age 47) and Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower Duchess Beaufort (age 43). They were fourth cousins. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.
Charles Crooke Siddall: Around 1801 he was born.
On 25 Jul 1854 George Byng 3rd Earl Strafford (age 24) and Alice Harriet Frederica Leveson-Gower Countess Strafford (age 23) were married. She the daughter of Francis Egerton 1st Earl Ellesmere (age 54) and Harriet Greville Countess Ellesmere (age 51). He the son of George Byng 2nd Earl Strafford (age 48) and Agnes Paget. They were half third cousin once removed.
On 25 Jul 1863 William Richard Arthur Pole Tylney Long Wellesley 5th Earl Mornington (age 49) died in Paris [Map]. He was buried at Draycott Cerne Chippenham, Wiltshire. His first cousin once removed Arthur Wellesley 2nd Duke Wellington (age 56) succeeded 6th Earl Mornington 1C 1760, 6th Viscount Wellesley of Dangan Castle. Elizabeth Hay Duchess Wellington (age 42) by marriage Countess Mornington.
On 25 Jul 1872 William Charles de Meuron "Billy" Wentworth-Fitzwilliam 7th and 5th Earl Fitzwilliam was born to William Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (age 32) and Laura Maria Theresa Beauclerk (age 23) in Pointe de Meuron, Ontario. The remote location of his birth gave rise to the accusation he was a changeling to remove epilepsy from the bloodline.
On 25 Jul 1881 Ralph Ormsby-Gore 3rd Baron Harlech (age 26) and Margaret Ethel Gordon Baroness Harlech (age 23) were married. She the daughter of Charles Gordon 10th Marquess Huntly and Maria Antoinetta Pegus Marchioness Huntly (age 60). He a great x 5 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 25 Jul 1888 Evelyn Robert Pierrepont 5th Earl Manvers was born to Charles William Sydney Pierrepont 4th Earl Manvers (age 33).
On 25 Jul 1892 Bishop Thomas Legh Claughton (age 83) died.