On this Day in History ... 27th December

27 Dec is in December.

1539 Anne of Cleves Arrival at Calais

1605 Marriage of Philip Herbert and Susan Howard

1664 Comet

1665 Great Plague of London

1683 Frost Fair

See Births, Marriages and Deaths.

Events on the 27th December

On 27 Dec 1350 King John I of Aragon was born to Peter IV King Aragon (age 31) and Eleanor Barcelona Queen Consort Aragon. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.45%.

Chronicle of Greyfriars. 27 Dec 1539. This yere the 27th day of December came in lady Anne of Cleves (age 24) into England, ...

On 27 Dec 1545 John Spelman of died. He was buried at All Saints Church, Narborough [Map].

John Spelman of: he was born to John Spelman and Elizabeth Frowick. Before 27 Dec 1545 John Spelman of and Margaret Blennerhasset were married.

Memorials of affairs of state in the reigns of Q Elizabeth and K James I Volume 2 Dudley Carleton to Mr Winwood Jan 1605. Jan 1605. Dudley Carleton (age 32) to Ralph Winwood (age 42)

Sir

I had written unto you at this time, though I had not been invited by your Letters I received by Captain Doyly. For in Mr. Chamberlain's Absense, I come in quarter, and have waited so diligently at Court this Christmas, that I have Matter enough, if the Report of Masks and Mummings can please you.

On St. John's Day we had the Marriage of Sir Philip Herbert (age 21) and the Lady Susan (age 18) performed at Whitehall, with all the Honour could be done a great Favourite. The Court was great, and for that Day put on the best Bravery. The Prince (age 11) and Duke of Holst (age 26) led the Bride (age 18) to Church, the Queen (age 31) follow'd her from thence. The King (age 39) gave her, and she in her Tresses, and Trinketts brided and bridled it so handsomly, and indeed became her self so well, that the King (age 39) said, if he were unmarried he would not give her, but keep her himself. The Marriage Dinner was kept in the great Chamber, where the Prince (age 11) and the Duke of Holst (age 26), and the great Lords and Ladies accompanied the Bride. The Ambassador of Venice was the only bidden Guest of Strangers, and he had place above the Duke of Holst (age 26), which the Duke took not well. But after Dinner he was as little pleased himself; for being brought into the Closet to retire himself, he was there suffered to walk out his Supper unthought of. At Night there was a Mask in the Hall, which for Conceit and Fashion was fuitable to the Occasion. The Actors, were the Earle of Pembrook (age 25), the Lord Willoby, Sir Samuel Hays, Sir Thomas Germain, Sir Robert Cary (age 22), Sir John Lee, Sir Richard Preston, and Sir Thomas Eager. There was no smal Loss that Night of Chaines and Jewells, and many great Ladies were made shorter by the Skirts, and were well enough served that they could keep cut no better. The Presents of Plate, and other Things given by the Noblemen, were valued at £2500, but that which made it a good Marriage, was a Gift of the King's of £500 Land for the Bride's Joynture. They were lodged in the Councill Chamber, where the King in his Shirt and NightGown gave them a Reveille Matin before they were up, and spent a good time in or upon the Bed, chuse which you will believe. No Ceremony was omitted of Bride-Cakes, Points, Garters, and Gloves, which have been ever since the Livery of the Court; and at Night there was sewing into the Sheet, casting off the Bride's left Hose, with many other petty Sorceries.

On 27 Dec 1605 Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery (age 21) and Susan Vere Countess Montgomery (age 18) were married at Whitehall. The bride was escorted into the church by the Queen's (age 31) brother Prince Ulrik Oldenburg (age 26) and her son Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales (age 11). She the daughter of Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford and Anne Cecil Countess of Oxford. He the son of Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke and Mary Sidney Countess Pembroke (age 44).

Pepy's Diary. 27 Dec 1664. The Comet appeared again to-night, but duskishly. I went to bed, leaving my wife and all her folks, and Will also, too, come to make Christmas gambolls to-night.

Pepy's Diary. 27 Dec 1665. Up, and with Cocke (age 48), by coach to London, there home to my wife, and angry about her desiring a mayde yet, before the plague is quite over. It seems Mercer is troubled that she hath not one under her, but I will not venture my family by increasing it before it be safe.

Evelyn's Diary. 27 Dec 1683. I went to visite Sir John Chardin (age 40), a French gentleman who had travell'd three times by land into Persia, and had made many curious researches in his travells, of which he was now setting forth a relation. It being in England this year one of the severest frosts that had hap pen'd of many yeares, he told me the cold in Persia was much greater, the ice of an incredible thicknesse; that they had little use of iron in all that country, it being so moiste (tho' the aire admirably clear and healthy), that oyle would not preserve it from rusting, so that they had neither clocks nor watches; some padlocks they had for doores and boxes.

On 27 Dec 1703 Thomas Cartwright (age 68) died.

On 27 Dec 1716 Martha Tyrrell Lady Drury was born to John Tyrrell 3rd Baronet (age 31).

After 27 Dec 1807. Monument to Randle Jones of Bryn.

On 27 Dec 1830 Lucius Cary 10th Viscount Falkland (age 27) and Amelia Fitzclarence Viscountess Falkland (age 23) were married at the Brighton Royal Pavilion. King William IV (age 65) gave away his daughter. The service was conducted by Bishop Charles Richard Sumner. She the illegitmate daughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 65) and Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan".

On 27 Dec 1901 Marlene Dietrich was born.

On 27 Dec 1965 Christabel Florence Arthur Startin (age 70) died.

Memorial at the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire [Map].

Christabel Florence Arthur Startin: On 19 Jan 1895 she was born. In or before 1927 Commander Montague Wriothesley Noel and she were married.

Births on the 27th December

On 27 Dec 1350 King John I of Aragon was born to Peter IV King Aragon (age 31) and Eleanor Barcelona Queen Consort Aragon. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.45%.

On 27 Dec 1390 Anne Mortimer was born to Roger Mortimer 4th Earl March 6th Earl Ulster (age 16) and Eleanor Holland Countess March and Ulster (age 20) at County Westmeath. She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 27 Dec 1552 William Cavendish 1st Earl Devonshire was born to William Cavendish (age 47) and Bess of Hardwick (age 25).

On 27 Dec 1583 Katherine West was born to Thomas West 2nd Baron De La Warr (age 27) and Anne Knollys Baroness De La Warr (age 28).

Before 27 Dec 1596 Eleanor Dutton was born.

Before 27 Dec 1660 Richard Mytton was born.

On 27 Dec 1681 Thomas Wyndham 1st Baron Wyndham was born to Colonel John Wyndham (age 33) and Alice Fownes.

On 27 Dec 1692 Francis Blake Delaval was born to Edward Delaval of South Dissington (age 28) and Mary Blake (age 28).

On 27 Dec 1716 Martha Tyrrell Lady Drury was born to John Tyrrell 3rd Baronet (age 31).

On 27 Dec 1718 John Anstruther 2nd Baronet was born to John Anstruther 1st Baronet (age 40).

On 27 Dec 1725 Edward Montagu was born to John Montagu 2nd Duke Montagu (age 35) and Mary Churchill Duchess of Montagu (age 36).

On 27 Dec 1731 James Brydges 3rd Duke Chandos was born to Henry Brydges 2nd Duke Chandos (age 23) and Mary Bruce (age 21).

On 27 Dec 1738 Caroline Girle was born to John Girle (age 36) and Barbara Slaney (age 21).

On 27 Dec 1741 Fredericka Adolfine Wettin was born to Johann Adolph Wettin Duke Saxe Weissenfels (age 56) and Fredericka Saxe Coburg Altenburg (age 26) at Weißenfels, Burgenlandkreis, Saxony-Anhalt. Coefficient of inbreeding 3.94%.

On 27 Dec 1760 Thomas Bateman was born to Richard Bateman (age 33) and Elizabeth Leek. He was baptised at St Giles Church, Hartington [Map] on 28 Sep 1760.

On 27 Dec 1767 Percival Hart Dyke 5th Baronet was born.

On 27 Dec 1769 Helen Frances Douglas was born to Erskine Douglas.

On 27 Dec 1773 George Cayley 6th Baronet was born to Thomas Cayley 5th Baronet (age 41).

On 27 Dec 1777 George Irby 3rd Baron Boston was born to Frederick Irby 2nd Baron Boston (age 28) and Christian Methuen. He was baptised on 28 Jan 1778; King George III of Great Britain and Ireland (age 39) was his godfather.

On 27 Dec 1777 Elizabeth Sykes was born to Christopher Sykes 2nd Baronet (age 28) and Elizabeth Tatton (age 29).

On 27 Dec 1783 Bishop John Kaye was born.

On 27 Dec 1799 Roger Gresley 8th Baronet was born to Nigel Bowyer Gresley 7th Baronet (age 46) and Maria Elizabeth Garway Lady Gresley.

On 27 Dec 1807 Henry Hoare of Staplehurst was born to William Henry Hoare (age 31).

On 27 Dec 1824 Henry Page-Turner Barron 2nd Baronet was born to Henry Winston Barron 1st Baronet (age 29) and Anna Leigh Guy Page-Turner Lady Barron.

On 27 Dec 1830 Algernon Borthwick was born.

On 27 Dec 1835 John Kemys George Thomas Spencer-Churchill was born to Charles Spencer-Churchill (age 41) and Etheldred Bennett.

On 27 Dec 1847 Henry Fitzalan Howard 15th Duke of Norfolk was born to Henry Granville Fitzalan 14th Duke of Norfolk (age 32) and Augusta Mary Minna Catherine Lyons Duchess Norfolk (age 26).

On 27 Dec 1901 Marlene Dietrich was born.

Marriages on the 27th December

Before 27 Dec 1261 Richard Longespée and Alice Le Rus (age 15) were married. He a great grandson of King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England.

After 27 Dec 1261 Richard de de Braose (age 29) and Alice Le Rus (age 15) were married. He a great grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

Before 27 Dec 1375 John Keith (age 24) and Princess Johanna aka Jean Stewart (age 25) were married. She the daughter of King Robert II of Scotland (age 59) and Elizabeth Mure Queen Consort Scotland. She a great x 4 granddaughter of King John "Lackland" of England.

Before 27 Dec 1545 John Spelman of and Margaret Blennerhasset were married.

After 27 Dec 1545 John Eyre and Margaret Blennerhasset were married. Her second husband.

Before 27 Dec 1591 Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford (age 41) and Elizabeth Trentham Maid of Honour Countess of Oxford were married. She by marriage Countess of Oxford. She brought her husband a dowry of £1000 bequeathed to her in her father's will, payable at the rate of 500 marks a year for three years. He the son of John de Vere 16th Earl of Oxford and Margery Golding Countess of Oxford.

On 27 Dec 1605 Philip Herbert 4th Earl Pembroke 1st Earl Montgomery (age 21) and Susan Vere Countess Montgomery (age 18) were married at Whitehall. The bride was escorted into the church by the Queen's (age 31) brother Prince Ulrik Oldenburg (age 26) and her son Henry Frederick Stewart Prince of Wales (age 11). She the daughter of Edward de Vere 17th Earl of Oxford and Anne Cecil Countess of Oxford. He the son of Henry Herbert 2nd Earl Pembroke and Mary Sidney Countess Pembroke (age 44).

On 27 Dec 1643 John Coryton 1st Baronet (age 22) and Elizabeth Mills Lady Coryton were married. They had two sons and two daughters.

Before 27 Dec 1663 Nicholas Gould 1st Baronet and Elizabeth Garrard Lady Gould (age 19) were married. She by marriage Lady Gould of the City of London.

Before 27 Dec 1675 Christopher Hatton 1st Viscount Hatton (age 43) and Frances Yelverton Viscountess Hatton were married.

Before 27 Dec 1681 Colonel John Wyndham (age 33) and Alice Fownes were married.

On 27 Dec 1712 Charles Tracy 5th Viscount Tracy (age 22) and Elizabeth Keyt (age 23) were married.

On 27 Dec 1810 Windham Quin 2nd Earl Dunraven and Mount Earl (age 28) and Caroline Wyndham Countess Dunraven and Mount Earl were married. He the son of Valentine Richard Wyndham Quin 1st Viscount Mount Earl 1st Earl Dunraven and Mount Earl (age 58).

On 27 Dec 1810 Nathaniel Micklethwait (age 36) and Charlotte Marianne Harriet Rous were married. She the daughter of John Rous 1st Earl Stradbrooke (age 60).

Before 27 Dec 1820 Thomas Gage 7th Baronet (age 39) and Mary Anne Browne were married. She the daughter of Valentine Browne 1st Earl of Kenmare.

On 27 Dec 1830 Lucius Cary 10th Viscount Falkland (age 27) and Amelia Fitzclarence Viscountess Falkland (age 23) were married at the Brighton Royal Pavilion. King William IV (age 65) gave away his daughter. The service was conducted by Bishop Charles Richard Sumner. She the illegitmate daughter of King William IV of the United Kingdom (age 65) and Dorothea Bland aka "Mrs Jordan".

Deaths on the 27th December

On 27 Dec 1087 Bertha Savoy (age 36) died.

Before 27 Dec 1261 Richard Longespée died.

Around 27 Dec 1335 John Cobham (age 73) died.

On 27 Dec 1370 Robert Everingham (age 2) died.

Before 27 Dec 1375 John Keith (age 24) died.

Around 27 Dec 1380 Robert Ferrers Baron Wem and Oversley (age 39) died.

Around 27 Dec 1408 Elizabeth Habsburg died.

On 31 Dec 1426 Thomas Beaufort 1st Duke Exeter (age 49) died at Greenwich, Kent [Map]. Some sources say 27 Dec 1426 and 01 Jan 1427. Duke Exeter and Earl Dorset extinct.

On 27 Dec 1439 Isabel Despencer Countess Warwick and Worcester (age 39) died. Her son Henry Beauchamp 1st Duke Warwick (age 14) succeeded 6th Baron Burghesh.

On 27 Dec 1545 John Spelman of died. He was buried at All Saints Church, Narborough [Map].

John Spelman of: he was born to John Spelman and Elizabeth Frowick. Before 27 Dec 1545 John Spelman of and Margaret Blennerhasset were married.

On 27 Dec 1557 George Giffard (age 62) died.

On 27 Dec 1568 Edward Gage (age 65) died. He was buried at Firle, East Sussex.

On 27 Dec 1573 James Stanyhurst (age 51) died.

On 27 Dec 1578 James Douglas (age 71) died.

On 27 Dec 1579 William Norreys (age 31) died.

On 27 Dec 1617 Richard Assheton (age 59) died.

Around 27 Dec 1654 Dorothy Sedley (age 40) died.

Around 27 Dec 1663 Nicholas Gould 1st Baronet died. Baronet Gould of the City of London extinct.

On 27 Dec 1663 Christine Marie Bourbon Duchess Savoy (age 57) died.

On 27 Dec 1685 Henriette Stanley Countess Strafford (age 55) died. She was buried at York Minster [Map].

On 27 Dec 1694 Margaret Lowther (age 46) died.

On 27 Dec 1703 Thomas Cartwright (age 68) died.

On 27 Dec 1707 Robert Leke 3rd Earl Scarsdale (age 53) died without surviving issue. His nephew Nicholas Leke 4th Earl Scarsdale (age 25) succeeded 4th Earl Scarsdale, 4th Baron Deincourt of Sutton, 4th Baronet Leke of Sutton in Derbyshire.

On 27 Dec 1732 Charles Hamilton (age 35) died.

On 27 Dec 1739 Elisabeth Alexandrine Felicite Charlotte Gotfriede Salm (age 35) died.

On 27 Dec 1749 Elizabeth Hinton (age 25) died.

On 27 Dec 1752 Barbara Herbert died.

On 27 Dec 1777 Bishop Frederick Keppel (age 49) died.

On 27 Dec 1778 George Howard died.

On 27 Dec 1787 Thomas Hay 9th Earl Kinnoul (age 77) died. His nephew Robert Hay-Drummond 10th Earl Kinnoul (age 36) succeeded 10th Earl Kinnoull.

On 27 Dec 1793 Richard Coke (age 76) died. He was buried at the Church of St Mary Magdalene, Eardisley [Map].

On 27 Dec 1820 Thomas Gage 7th Baronet (age 39) died. His son Thomas Rokewood-Gage 8th Baronet (age 10) succeeded 8th Baronet Gage of Hengrave in Suffolk.

On 27 Dec 1833 Juliana Barbara Howard-Molyneux-Howard (age 21) died.

On 27 Dec 1833 Andrew Berkeley Drummond (age 78) died.

On 27 Dec 1833 Captain Frederick Noel (age 43) died.

On 27 Dec 1851 Edward Dolman Scott 2nd Baronet (age 58) died. His son Francis Edward Scott 2nd and 3rd Baronet (age 27) succeeded 3rd Baronet Scott of Great Barr in Staffordshire.

On 27 Dec 1868 Colonel Henry Edward Fane aka Hamlyn-Fane (age 51) died. He was buried at Clovelly, Devon.

On 27 Dec 1868 Marcia Tollemache died.

On 27 Dec 1872 Augustus Fitzhardinge Berkeley (age 83) died.

On 27 Dec 1877 Reverend Capel Molyneux (age 73) died.

On 27 Dec 1881 Augusta Anne Somerset Lady Barron (age 57) died.

On 27 Dec 1882 Katherine Howard (age 51) died.

On 27 Dec 1899 Ada Alice "Dorothy Dene" Pullen (age 40) died. She was buried at Kensal Green Cemetery.

On 27 Dec 1902 William Blunt 7th Baronet (age 76) died. His brother John Harvey Blunt 8th Baronet (age 63) succeeded 8th Baronet Blunt of the City of London.

On 27 Dec 1914 Henry George Grosvenor (age 53) died.

On 27 Dec 1915 Alice Clive (age 72) died.

On 27 Dec 1924 Robert Osbaldeston-Mitford (age 84) died.

On 27 Dec 1936 Ernestine Mary Brudenell-Bruce Countess Listowell (age 89) died.

On 27 Dec 1939 Wilfred Charles William Egerton (age 60) died.

On 27 Dec 1962 Maud Lygon (age 80) died.

On 27 Dec 1965 Christabel Florence Arthur Startin (age 70) died.

Memorial at the Church of St Peter and St Paul, Exton, Rutlandshire [Map].

Christabel Florence Arthur Startin: On 19 Jan 1895 she was born. In or before 1927 Commander Montague Wriothesley Noel and she were married.