On this Day in History ... 27 March

27 Mar is in March.

1168 Eleanor Ambushed by Guy de Lusignan

1306 Coronation of Robert the Bruce

1461 Battles of Ferrybridge

1470 Earldom of Northumberland returned to the Percy Family

1625 Death of James I

On 27 Mar 973 Hermmann Billung Margrave Billung March (age 61) died.

Eleanor Ambushed by Guy de Lusignan

On 27 Mar 1168 Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 46) and her party were ambushed by brothers Guy I King Jerusalem (age 18) and Geoffrey Lusignan (age 18).

Patrick of Salisbury 1st Earl Salisbury (age 46) was killed. His son William of Salisbury 2nd Earl Salisbury (age 18) succeeded 2nd Earl Salisbury 1C 1149.

William Marshal 1st Earl Pembroke (age 22) held off the enemy, was wounded and captured whilst Eleanor escaped. Eleanor subsequently paid his ransom.

On 27 Mar 1306 Philip "Noble" III King Navarre was born to Louis I Count Évreux (age 29) and Margaret Artois Countess Évreux (age 21). He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England. Coefficient of inbreeding 2.89%.

Coronation of Robert the Bruce

On 27 Mar 1306, Palm Sunday, Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 31) was crowned King Scotland at Scone Abbey [Map] by Bishop of St Andrews and Bishop Robert Wishart. Elizabeth Burgh Queen Consort Scotland (age 22) was crowned Queen Consort Scotland. Christopher Seton (deceased) and Bishop David de Moravia were present. He was wearing royal robes and vestments previously hidden from the English by Bishop Robert Wishart.

The following day, 28 Mar 1306, Robert "The Bruce" I King Scotland (age 31) was crowned by Isabella Countess Buchan whose family held the hereditary right to place the crown on the King's head; she had arrived too late for the coronation the day before. The right was held by her brother Duncan Fife 4th Earl Fife (age 18) who was under-age and held by the English so she assumed the right in his place.

Battles of Ferrybridge

On 27 Mar 1461 Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 32) fought at Ferrybridge with John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 35) capturing the bridge.

On 28 Mar 1461 a further skirmish occurred near Ferrybridge. Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 32) fought. John Radclyffe Baron Fitzwalter (age 35) was killed. For Lancaster John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25) and John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 51).

On 28 Mar 1461 John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25) was killed at Dintingdale during a skirmish. William Neville 1st Earl Kent (age 56) fought for York. His son Henry "Shepherd Lord" Clifford 10th Baron Clifford (age 7) succeeded 10th Baron de Clifford 1C 1299, 10th Lord Skipton.

Earldom of Northumberland returned to the Percy Family

On 27 Mar 1470 John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 39) revoked his title of Earl of Northumberland 3C 1464 so that the Earldom could be given to Henry Percy 4th Earl of Northumberland (age 21) of the Percy family who were its traditional holders. A deeply unpopular move with the Neville family who had been longstanding enemies of the Percies in the North. He was created 1st Marquess Montagu instead. Possibly a consequence of the defection of Warwick the Kingmaker (age 41) to the Lancastrian cause as evidenced by the Welles Rebellion earlier in the year.

On 27 Mar 1470 George Neville 1st Duke Bedford (age 9) was created 1st Duke Bedford 3C 1470 by King Edward IV of England (age 27) in preparation for his marriage to Elizabeth York Queen Consort England (age 4) which didn't, in the end, take place. He, George, was nephew to Richard "Kingmaker" Neville Earl Warwick, 6th Earl Salisbury (age 41) whose defection to the Lancastrian side may have caused the King to change his mind about his daughter's marriage. The attainder of John Neville 1st Marquess Montagu (age 39), if it was enacted, would have resulted in the King appropriating the his estate.

On 27 Mar 1482 Mary Valois Duchess Burgundy (age 25) died.

Henry Machyn's Diary. 27 Mar 1562. The xxvij day of Marche dyd pryche at after-non a-for the quen (age 28), that was Good-fryday, the byshope of London (age 43).

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Death of James I

On 27 Mar 1666 Defiance was launched at Deptford [Map] in the presence of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland (age 35).

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On 27 Mar 1679 Henry Cavendish (age 20) and Elizabeth Percy Duchess Somerset (age 12) were married. She being the sole heiress of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland she brought an enormous fortune to the marriage. She the daughter of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland and Elizabeth Wriothesley Countess Northumberland (age 33). He the son of Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne (age 48) and Frances Pierrepont Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne (age 48).

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On 27 Mar 1699 Bishop Edward Stillingfleet (age 63) died.

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On 27 Mar 1708 Robert Rochfort 1st Earl of Belvedere was born to George Rochfort (age 26) and Elizabeth Moore (age 21).


On 27 Mar 1718 William Cavendish 3rd Duke Devonshire (age 19) and Catherine Hoskyns Duchess Devonshire (age 19) were married. He the son of William Cavendish 2nd Duke Devonshire (age 46) and Rachel Russell Duchess Devonshire (age 44).


On 27 Mar 1723 Caroline Lennox 1st Baroness Holland was born to Charles Lennox 2nd Duke Richmond (age 21) and Sarah Cadogan Duchess Richmond (age 17). She a great granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.

On 27 Mar 1729 Leopold Duke of Lorraine (age 49) died.


On 27 Mar 1785 Louis XVII King France was born to Louis XVI King France (age 30) and Queen Marie Antoinette of France (age 29).

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On 27 Mar 1818 Henry Lowther 3rd Earl Lonsdale was born to Henry Cecil Lowther (age 27) and Lucy Eleanor Sherard (age 26).


On 27 Mar 1829 Henry Venables-Vernon 3rd Baron Vernon (age 81) died at Sudbury [Map]. His son George Charles Venables-Vernon 4th Baron Vernon (age 49) succeeded 4th Baron Vernon of Kinderton in Cheshire. Frances Maria Warren Baroness Vernon (age 44) by marriage Baroness Vernon of Kinderton in Cheshire.


Harriet Baring Marchioness Bath: On 03 May 1804 she was born to Alexander Baring 1st Baron Ashburton (age 29) and Ann Louisa Bingham Baroness Ashburton (age 22). On 19 Apr 1830 Henry Frederick Thynne 3rd Marquess of Bath (age 32) and Harriet Baring Marchioness Bath (age 25) were married. He the son of Thomas Thynne 2nd Marquess of Bath (age 65) and Isabella Elizabeth Byng Marchioness Bath (age 56). On 02 Jan 1892 Harriet Baring Marchioness Bath (age 87) died.


On 27 Mar 1849 Archibald Acheson 2nd Earl Gosford (age 72) died. His son Archibald Acheson 3rd Earl Gosford (age 42) succeeded 3rd Earl Gosford. Theodosia Brabazon Countess Gosford (age 38) by marriage Countess Gosford.

On 27 Mar 1854 William Henry Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck 4th Duke Portland (age 85) died. His son William John Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck 5th Duke Portland (age 53) succeeded 5th Duke Portland, 6th Earl of Portland 2C 1689 although it took him three years before he took his seat in the House of Lords.

On 27 Mar 1920 Arthur Walsh 2nd Baron Ormathwaite (age 92) died. His son Arthur Walsh 3rd Baron Ormathwaite (age 60) succeeded 3rd Baron Ormathwaite of Ormathwaite in Cumberland. Clementine Pratt Baroness Ormathwaite (age 50) by marriage Baroness Ormathwaite of Ormathwaite in Cumberland.

On 27 Mar 1921, Easter Day, Conisbrough War Memorial was unveiled by General Sir Alington-Copley (age 65) … the unveiling was witnessed by over three thousand people…work by Messrs Tyas and Guest…includes the figure in Portland stone standing on a plinth of Bradford stone. On four sides are inscribed the names of 168 Conisboro’ men…the cost of the memorial is £540 and this amount has almost been raised. Source. Penistone, Stocksbridge and Hoyland Express.

On 27 Mar 1935 Michael Howard 21st Earl of Suffolk, 14th Earl Berkshire was born to Charles Howard 20th Earl of Suffolk, 13th Earl Berkshire (age 29) and Minnie Mabel "Mimi" Forde Pigott Countess of Suffolk and Bershire (age 37).NOTEXT