On this Day in History ... 30 December

30 Dec is in December.

987 Coronation of King Robert II of France

1389 Christmas Court

1460 Battle of Wakefield

1546 Henry VIII Revises his Will

1623 Happy Parliament

1640 Treaty of Ripon

1915 Sinking of the SS Persia

Coronation of King Robert II of France

On 30 Dec 987 Robert "Pious" II King France (age 15) was crowned II King France: Capet.

On 30 Dec 1292 Henry Plantagenet 3rd Earl of Leicester 3rd Earl Lancaster (age 11) and Maud Chaworth (age 10) were married. He the son of Edmund "Crouchback" Plantagenet 1st Earl of Leicester 1st Earl Lancaster (age 47) and Blanche Capet Queen Navarre (age 44). He a grandson of King Henry III of England.

Christmas Court

After 30 Dec 1389 Richard Fitzalan 9th Earl Surrey 11th Earl Arundel (age 43) and Philippa Mortimer Countess Pembroke, Arundel and Surrey (age 14) were married. She by marriage Countess Arundel Sussex, Countess Surrey. The difference in their ages was 29 years. She the daughter of Edmund Mortimer 3rd Earl March, Earl Ulster and Philippa Plantagenet Countess March 5th Countess Ulster. He the son of Richard Fitzalan 10th Earl Arundel 8th Earl Surrey and Eleanor Plantagenet Countess Arundel and Surrey. They were first cousin twice removed. He a great x 2 grandson of King Henry III of England. She a great granddaughter of King Edward III of England.

On 30 Dec 1436 Louis Wittelsbach III Elector Palatine (age 58) died at Heidelburg.

Battle of Wakefield

Chronicle of Gregory 1461. Then come tydyngys of the comynge of þea Erle of Marche (age 18) unto London; thenn alle the cytte were fayne, and thonkyd God, and sayde that

He that had Londyn for sake

Wolde no more to hem take,

and sayde, "Lette us walke in a newe wyne yerde, and lette us make us a gay gardon in the monythe of Marche with thys fayre whyte ros and herbe, the Erle of Marche (age 18)." And the Erle of Warwycke (age 32) mette with the Erle of Marche by-syde Oxforde, x myle owte of hit, at a towne of hys owne i-namyd Burford a-pon the Wolde [Map]; for the Erle of Marche come fro Walys, and was fulle sore a-ferde of the loste of the ij fyldys that were loste by-fore, Wakefylde that one, and Synt Albonys that othyr, and he sorowde sore for hys fadyr the Duke of Yorke (age 49), and for hys good brother the Erle of Rutlond (age 17), and for alle othyr lordys and comyns, &c.

Note a. the repeated in MS.

Chronicle of Gregory 1460. 30 Dec 1460. Ande the same yere, the xxx [30] day of December, the Duke of Exceter (age 30), the Duke of Somersett (age 24), the Erle of Northehomberlond (age 39), the Lorde Roos (age 33), the Lorde Nevyle (age 50), the Lorde ClyfForde (age 25), with many mo lordys, knyghtys, squyers, and gentyllys, and the commyns of the Quenys party, met with the Duke of Yorke (age 49) at Wakefylde [Map], and there they made a grete jorney a-pon the Lorde and Duke of Yorke, and toke hym and the Erle of Saulysbury (age 60), the Erle of Rutlond (age 17), and the Lorde Haryngdon (age 18), and Syr Thomas Nevyle (age 30), and Syr Thomas Haryngdon (age 60), and many mo knyghtys were take a slayne by syde alle the comyns. But thys good Duke of Yorke with hys lordys a-fore sayde loste hyr heddys; God have marcy on there soulys, for they loste in that jorneys the nombyr of xxvc [2500] men. And in the Quenys party were slay but ii c [200] men, &c.

On 30 Dec 1460 the Lancastrian army took their revenge for the defeats of the First Battle of St Albans and the Battle of Northampton during the Battle of Wakefield at Sandal Castle [Map]. The Lancastrian army was commanded by Henry Holland 3rd Duke Exeter (age 30), Henry Beaufort 2nd or 3rd Duke Somerset (age 24) and Henry Percy 3rd Earl of Northumberland (age 39), and included John Courtenay 15th Earl Devon (age 25) and William Gascoigne XIII (age 30), both knighted, and James Butler 1st Earl Wiltshire 5th Earl Ormonde (age 40), John "Butcher" Clifford 9th Baron Clifford (age 25), John Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 50), Thomas Ros 9th Baron Ros Helmsley (age 33), Henry Roos and Thomas St Leger (age 20).

The Yorkist army was heavily defeated.

Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York (age 49) was killed. His son King Edward IV of England (age 18) succeeded 4th Duke York 1C 1385, 7th Richard Plantagenet 3rd Duke York (age 49), 9th Earl Ulster, 3rd Earl Cambridge 3C 1414.

Thomas Neville (age 30), Thomas Harrington (age 60), and Edward Bourchier were killed.

William Bonville 6th Baron Harington (age 18) was killed. His daughter Cecily Bonville Marchioness Dorset succeeded 7th Baroness Harington.

Thomas Parr (age 53) fought in the Yorkist army.

Following the battle Richard Neville 5th Earl Salisbury (age 60) was beheaded by Thomas "Bastard of Exeter" Holland. William Bonville (age 40) was executed.

Edmund York 1st Earl of Rutland (age 17) was killed on Wakefield Bridge [Map] by John "Butcher" Clifford (age 25) by which he gained his sobriquet "Butcher". Earl of Rutland 2C 1446 extinct.

On 30 Dec 1494 Bishop John Russell died at Nettleham. He was buried at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

Henry VIII Revises his Will

On 30 Dec 1546 Henry VIII (age 55) made his last revision to his will signed using the Dry Stamp that was used increasingly commonly. The will confirmed the succession as King Edward VI of England and Ireland (age 9), Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 30) and Queen Elizabeth I of England and Ireland (age 13).

The will appointed sixteen executors: Anthony Browne (age 46), Archbishop Thomas Cranmer (age 57), Anthony Denny (age 45), John Dudley 1st Duke Northumberland (age 42), William Herbert 1st Earl Pembroke (age 45), Edward Montagu (age 61), Edward North 1st Baron North (age 50), William Paget 1st Baron Paget Beaudasert (age 40), William Paulet 1st Marquess Winchester (age 63), John Russell 1st Earl Bedford (age 61), Edward Seymour 1st Duke Somerset (age 46), Bishop Cuthbert Tunstall (age 72) and Thomas Wriothesley 1st Earl of Southampton (age 41).

Before 30 Dec 1563 Henry Tuchet 10th Baron Audley, 7th Baron Tuchet and Elizabeth Sneyd Baroness Audley Heighley were married.


Happy Parliament

On 30 Dec 1623 the fourth Parliament of James I (age 57) known as the Happy Parliament was summoned.

On 19 Feb 1624 the Happy Parliament held its first session.

Roland Egerton 1st Baronet (age 29) was elected MP Wootton Bassett.

Arthur Lake (age 25) was elected MP Minehead.

James Wriothesley (age 18) was elected MP Winchester.

Richard Edgecumbe (age 53) was elected MP Grampound.

Treaty of Ripon

Evelyn's Diary. 30 Dec 1640. I saw his Majesty (age 40) (coming from his Northern Expedition) ride in pomp and a kind of ovation, with all the marks of a happy peace, restored to the affections of his people, being conducted through London with a most splendid cavalcade; and on the 3d of November following (a day never to be mentioned without a curse), to that long ungrateful, foolish, and fatal Parliament, the beginning of all our sorrows for twenty years after, and the period of the most happy monarch in the world: Quis talia fando!


On 30 Dec 1656 Alexander Leslie 2nd Earl Leven (age 19) and Margaret Howard Countess Leven (age 21) were married.NOTEXT

On 30 Dec 1665 Robert Cawdron died. Memorial at Church of St John the Baptist, Great Hale [Map]

On 30 Dec 1669 Christopher Monck 2nd Duke Albemarle (age 16) and Elizabeth "Mad Duchess" Cavendish Duchess Albermarle Duchess Montagu (age 15) were married at Whitehall Palace [Map]. She the daughter of Henry Cavendish 2nd Duke Newcastle upon Tyne (age 39) and Frances Pierrepont Duchess Newcastle upon Tyne (age 39). He the son of George Monck 1st Duke Albemarle (age 61) and Anne Clarges Duchess Albermarle (age 50). He a great x 4 grandson of King Edward IV of England.


On 30 Dec 1688 Charles Cockayne 3rd Viscount Cullen (age 30) died. His son Charles Cockayne 4th Viscount Cullen (age 1) succeeded 4th Viscount Cullen.

On 30 Dec 1704 John Hay 12th Earl Erroll died. His son Charles Hay 13th Earl Erroll succeeded 13th Earl Erroll.

On 30 Dec 1715 Thomas Watson 3rd Earl Rockingham was born to Edward Watson (age 29) and Catherine Tufton (age 23).

On 30 Dec 1731 Fulbeck Hall was mostly destroyed in a fire. It was rebuilt the following year.

On 30 Dec 1776 Thomas Onslow 2nd Earl Onslow (age 22) and Arabella Mainwaring Ellerker Countess Onslow (age 21) were married. He the son of George Onslow 1st Earl Onslow (age 45) and Henrietta Shelley Countess Onslow (age 45).

On 30 Dec 1794 Archibald Kennedy 11th Earl Cassilis (age 74) died. His son Archibald Kennedy 1st Marquess of Ailsa (age 24) succeeded 12th EarL Cassilis.


On 30 Dec 1806 Wilbraham Egerton 1st Baron Egerton Tatton was born to Wilbraham Egerton (age 25) and Elizabeth Sykes (age 29). Coefficient of inbreeding 3.12%.

On 30 Dec 1815 Henry Roper-Curzon 15th Baron Teynham (age 26) and Susan Harriet Bedingfield were married.

On 30 Dec 1820 Agneta Johnson (age 80) died. Buried at St Andrew's Church, Wimpole [Map].

Inscription tablet flanked by pilasters with figures of her husband in robes of state and of two sons, and with medallion portrait at the head, all in white marble, signed 'J. FLAXMAN (age 65), R.A. Sculptor'

Agneta Johnson: On 11 Nov 1740 she was born to Henry Johnson of Berkhamstead in Hertfordshire. On 30 Dec 1762 Charles Yorke (age 40) and Agneta Johnson (age 22) were married. He the son of Philip Yorke 1st Earl of Hardwicke (age 72) and Margaret Cocks Countess Hardwicke.

On 30 Dec 1830 Elizabeth Mary Browne (age 63) died. Monument sculpted by Francis Leggatt Chantrey (age 49) in St Mary's Church Easebourne Midhurst [Map].

Elizabeth Mary Browne: On 05 Dec 1767 she was born to Anthony Joseph Browne 7th Viscount Montague (age 37) and Frances Falconer Mackworth Viscountess Montague (age 36). On 01 Sep 1794 William Stephen Poyntz (age 24) and Elizabeth Mary Browne (age 26) were married.

On 30 Dec 1839 William Hilton (age 53) died. Monument at Lincoln Cathedral [Map].

On 30 Dec 1863 Arthur Annesley 10th Viscount Valentia (age 78) died.

On 30 Dec 1870 Charles Gordon-Lennox 8th Duke Richmond was born to Charles Gordon-Lennox 7th Duke Richmond (age 25) and Amy Mary Ricardo (age 23).

On 30 Dec 1874 James Graham 4th Duke Montrose (age 75) died. His son Douglas Beresford Malise Ronald Graham 5th Duke Montrose (age 22) succeeded 5th Duke Montrose.

On 30 Dec 1875 Maurice John George Ponsonby 4th Baron de Mauley (age 29) and Madeline Emily Augusta Hanbury-Tracy Baroness de Mauley were married.

On 30 Dec 1903 Constantine Phipps 3rd Marquess Normanby (age 57) and Gertrude Stansfeld Foster Marchioness Normanby were married. She by marriage Marchioness Normanby. He the son of George Phipps 2nd Marquess Normanby and Laura Russell Marchioness Normanby. He a great x 5 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.


Sinking of the SS Persia

On 30 Dec 1915 Eleanor Thornton (age 35) drowned during the Sinking of the SS Persia.

On 30 Dec 1915 the SS Persia was torpedoed near Crete without warning by the German U-boat U-38, commanded by Max Valentiner. It sank in five to ten minutes, killing 343 of the 519 aboard.

John Douglas-Scott-Montagu 2nd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu (age 49) survived. His mistress Eleanor Thornton (age 35) drowned.

William Everard Browne ffolkes 4th Baronet: In 1861 he was born to Reverend Henry Edward Browne ffolkes (age 37). On 09 May 1912 William ffolkes 3rd Baronet (age 64) died. His first cousin William Everard Browne ffolkes 4th Baronet (age 51) succeeded 4th Baronet ffolkes of Hillington Hall in Norfolk.

Francis Arthur Stanley ffolkes 5th Baronet: On 08 Dec 1863 he was born to Reverend Henry Edward Browne ffolkes (age 39). On 18 Oct 1938 or 20 Oct 1938 Francis Arthur Stanley ffolkes 5th Baronet (age 74) died. His son Edward John Patrick Boschetti ffolkes 6th Baronet (age 39) succeeded 6th Baronet ffolkes of Hillington Hall in Norfolk.

William Rupert Browne ffolkes: He was born to William Everard Browne ffolkes 4th Baronet.

On 30 Dec 1952 John Michael Edward Seymour 19th Duke Somerset was born to Percy Hamilton Seymour 18th Duke Somerset (age 42) and Gwendoline Collette Jane Thomas Duchess Somerset.

On 30 Dec 2006 Antony Lambton 6th Earl of Durham (age 84) died. His son Edward Lambton 7th Earl of Durham (age 45) succeeded 7th Earl Durham.