30 May is in May.
Around 30 May 1157 King Henry "Curtmantle" II of England (age 24) and Eleanor of Aquitaine Queen Consort Franks and England (age 35) spent Whitsun at Bury St Edmunds [Map] for a ceremonial crown wearing.
On 30 May 1213 William "Longsword" Longespee Earl Salisbury (age 37) accidentally encountered a large French fleet. The French crews were mostly ashore. The English captured around 300 ships at anchor, burning a further 100 ships. The battle resulted in a period of peace in England with France being unable to invade, as well as generating significant wealth for England.
On 30 May 1347 John Darcy 1st Baron Darcy of Knayth (age 67) died. He was buried at Gisborough Priory [Map]. His son John Darcy 2nd Baron Darcy of Knayth (age 30) succeeded 2nd Baron Darcy of Knayth. Elizabeth Meinhill Baroness Darcy Knayth and Haversham (age 15) by marriage Baroness Darcy of Knayth.
On 30 May 1444 John Beaufort 1st Duke Somerset (age 41) committed suicide. Suicide not certain but likely. Duke Somerset 1C 1443, Earl Kendal 2C 1443 extinct. His brother Edmund Beaufort 1st or 2nd Duke Somerset (age 38) succeeded 4th Earl Somerset 2C 1397. Eleanor Beauchamp Duchess Somerset (age 35) by marriage Countess Somerset.
His only child Margaret Beaufort Countess Richmond aged one was his heir. King Henry VI of England and II of France (age 22) granted her wardship to William "Jackanapes" de la Pole 1st Duke of Suffolk (age 47) who married her to his son John de la Pole 2nd Duke of Suffolk (age 1).
On 30 May 1467 George York 1st Duke of Clarence (age 17) and John "Butcher of England" Tiptoft 1st Earl of Worcester (age 40) visited Antoine "Bastard of Burgundy" (age 46) at his lodgings in Chelsea.
On 30 May 1472 Jacquetta of Luxemburg Duchess Bedford (age 57) died. Not known where she was buried.
Fluted armour typified by having no headwear, being clean shaven, a breastplate in two pieces and the neck protected by a Standard. Damaged angel, its head removed, holding the cushion on which his head rests. He wearing a Lancastrian Esses Collar with large Esses. Ringed fingers.
Detail of the heavily graffitied Shoulder Garter.
Mutilated Lion at his feet with its head missing. The figure beneath his right foot appears to be a Bedesman. That beneath his left foot may be the remains of the means by which a bedesman was originally fixed to the foot. What appears to be a birds foot lying across the lions body is the tail of the lion.
The Noble Triumphant Coronacyon of Quene Anne. 30 May 1532. The fryday made Knyghtes of the Bathe xix whose names foloweth.
Also on fryday the thirteth day of Maye the Kynge treated and made in the towre of London, nineteen noble men Knyghtes of the bathe whose names folowe.
The lorde Marques Dorset (age 15).
The erle of Derby (age 23).
The lorde Fitzwater sone and heyre to therle of Sussex.
The lorde Hastynges sone and heyre to therle of Huntyngton.
The Lorde Barkelay.
The lorde Mountagle.
The lorde Vaux.
Syr Henry Parker sone and heyre to the lorde Morley.
Syr Wyllyam Wyndsour sone and heyre to the lorde Wyndesour.
Syr John Mordant sone and heyre to the lorde Mordant.
Syr Fraunces Weston.
Syr Thomas Aroundell.
Syr Johan Hudelston.
Syr Thomas Ponynges.
Syr Henry Sauell.
Syr George Fitz Wyllyam of Lyncolne shire.
Syr Johan Tyndall.
Syr Thomas Jermey.
Ellis' Letters S1 V2 Letter CXIV. 30 May 1533. And the same nyghte, and Frydaye aldayeb2 , the Kyng (age 41) and Queene (age 32) taryed there; and on Frydaye at nyght the Kyngs Grace made xviij knyghts of the Bathe, whose creacion was not alonly so strange to here of, as also their garmentes stranger to beholde or loke on; whiche said Knightes, the nexte daye, whiche was Saturday, rydde before the Queene's grace thorowte the Citie of London towards Westminster palice, over and besyds the moste parte of the nobles of the Realme, whiche lyke accompanied her grace thorowe owte the said citie; she syttyng in her heere, upon a Horse Lytter, rychely appareled, and iiij knyghtes of the v. ports beryng a Canapye over her hedd. And after her cam iiij. riche charettes, one of them emptie, and iij. other furnysshed with diuerse auncient old lades; and after them cam a great trayne of other Ladies and gyntillwomen: whyche said Progresse, from the begynnyng to thendyng, extendid half a myle in leyngthe by estimacion or thereabout. To whome also, as she came alongeste the Citie, was shewid many costely pagiants, with diverse other encomyes spoken of chyldren to her; wyne also runyng at certeyne Condits plentiously. And so procedyng thorowte the streats, passid furthe vnto Westminster Hall, where was a certeyn banket prepared for her, which donne, she was conveyd owte of the bake syde of the palice into a Barge and so vnto Yorke Place, where the Kyng's grace was before her comyng, for this you muste ever presuppose that his Grace came allwayes before her secretlye in a Barge aswell frome Grenewyche to the Tower as from the Tower to Yorke place.
Letters and Papers 1533. 30 May 1533. 563. On Friday, 30 May, all noblemen, &c. repaired to Court, and in a long chamber within the Tower were ordained 18 "baynes," in which were 18 noblemen all that night, who received the order of knighthood on Saturday, Whitsun eve. Also there were 63 knights made with the sword in honor of the coronation. Then all the nobles, knights, squires, and gentlemen were warned to attend on horseback, on the Tower Hill on Saturday next, to accompany her Grace to Westminster, to do service at the coronation. Pp. 6. Early copy.
Letters and Papers 1533. 30 May 1553. Add. MS. 21,116, f. 48. B. M. 562. Coronation Of Anne Boleyn.
"The appointment what number of officers and servitors that shall attend upon the Queen's grace, the Bishop and the ladies sitting at the Queen's board in the Great Hall at Westminster, the day of the coronation, as followeth:—
Carvers: Lord Montague for the Queen. Sir Edw. Seymour for the Bishop. Thos. Arundell for the ladies at the board.
Cupbearers: Lord William Howard for the Queen. Lord Clynton for the Bishop. Lord Audeley's son and heir for the board.
Sewers: Sir Edw. Nevill for the Queen. Percival Harte for the Bishop. Richard Verney for the board. Chief pantry, 1. Chief butler, 1. Chief sewer, 1. Almoners, 7. Servitors, knights, and gentlemen for three messes, 60.
Sewers, 8. Servitors, 80. Yeomen, 16.
Knights of the Bath: Marquis of Dorset, earl of Derby, lords Clifford, Fitzwater, Hastings, Mountegle, and Vaux; Mr. Parker, lord Morley's son; Mr. Wynsor, lord Winsor's son; John Mordant, lord Mordant's son; Fras. Weston, Thos. Arundell, Mr. Corbet, Mr. Wyndham, John Barkeley, John Huddelston, Ric. Verney of Penley, Thos. Ponynges, Hen. Savile, John Germayne, Rob. Whitneye of Gloucestershire, Geo. Fitzwilliams, John Tyndall.
Knights and gentlemen to be servitors: Sir John St. John, Sir Michael Fisher, Sir Thos. Rotheram, Sir Geo. Somerset, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Antony Hungerford, Sir Ric. Graundfeild, Sir John Hamond, Sir Robt. Painton, Sir Giles Alington, Sir Thos. Elyot, Sir Rafe Langford, Sir John Fulford, Sir Thos. Darcy, Sir John Villers, Sir John Markham, Sir John Beryn, Sir Nic. Stirley, Sir Thos. Straung, Sir Fras. Lovell, Sir Edw. Chamberlen, Sir Adrian Fortescue, Sir Water Stoner, Sir Wm. Barentyne, Sir Wm. Newman, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Edm. Beningfeild, Sir Ant. Wingfeild, Sir Geo. Frogmerton, Sir John Russell of Worster, Sir Geo. Darcy, Sir Wm. Pickering, Sir Thos. Cornvell, Sir John Bridges, Sir Wm. Hussey, Sir Edw. Wotton, Sir Wm. Hault, Sir John Skott, Sir Ric. Clementes, Sir Wm. Kempe, Sir Edw. Cobham, Sir Wm. Fynch, Sir John Thymbleby, Sir Rob. Hussey, Sir Chr. Willughbie, Sir Wm. Skipwith, Sir Wm. Askice, (fn. 4) Sir Jeffrey Poole, Sir Jas. Worsley, Sir Thos. Lysley, Sir John Talbot, Sir John Gifford, Sir Wm. Basset, Sir Ph. Dracote, Sir Henry Longe, Sir Ant. Lutterell, Sir John Sainctlowe, Sir Roger Copley, Sir Wm. Pellam, Sir Wm. Goring, Sir Walter Hungerford, John Hersley, George Lyne, Ric. Philips,—Yorke, Ric. Dodham, Rafe Mannering, John Seintler, Clement Harleston, John Turell, Humfrey Ferres, Geo. Grissley, Wm. Drurye, Wm. Cope, John St. John, Edm. Tame, Ric. Lygon, Leonard Poole, John Arnold, John Arden, Wm. Stafford, Chas. Herbert of Troy, Sir Wm. Paunder, Young Wingfeild, Holcrofte, Skipwith, Diar, Young Barkeley.
Sewers: Roger Banbricke, Antony Isley, Edm. Browne, John Cheyne, Wm. Morgan, Davy Morgan, Hen. Seymer, William Jones.
Yeomen ushers and yeomen appointed to attend upon the Queen at her Coronation: John Lane, Laurence Sendell, Robt. Griffith, Thos. Marshall, John Brygden, Davyd Philips, John Geffrey, Wm. Avenell, Ric. Ryder, Wm. Sendre, Hugh Troblefeild, John Ashton, John Smith, senior, John Robertes, John Perce, Antony Saunders, Walter Wagham, Thos. Coxe, Ric. Stone, Thos. Hawkins, Wm. Bond, Robt. Whitbrowe, Hugh Lewis, Thos. Gethens, Ric. Gilmyn, Rob. Gibbes, Ric. Rawneshaw, John Bromfeld, Robt. Langden, John Holcomb, Robt. Owen, Griffith ap Morice, Walter Menours, Wm. Jones, Robt. Mortoun, Edm. Stoner, John Gethens, Edw. Philips, John Wympe, Ric. Clerke, John Holland, John Alcock, Ric. Gilling, John Evanse, Lyonell Martyn, Fras. Coket, John Brathwet, John Cox, John Knotford, John Belson, John Byrte, John Node, Moris Apenevet, Michael Whiting, John Stevens, Hugh David, Lewis ap Watkyn, John Cowper, Edw. Johnson, Ric. Fowler, John Grymith, Symond Symmes, Robert Stonhouse, Edw. Aprichard, Hen. Holden.
Ibid., f. 50 b. ii. Officers appointed to attend on the Queen and the Bishop sitting at the Queen's board end, on the day of her coronation.
John Hancote, Thos. Berram, Roger Gerers, John Massye, John Colby, John Person Edw. Dickey, Ric. Estoune, Wm. Lawry, George Banckes, Thos. Massy, Ralfe Ball, John Gounter, Ric. Baker, John Thomas, Thos. Norton, Wm. Germaine, Thos. Toby, Richard Faice, Geo. Hodson. John Williams, Adam Holland, Robt. Bird, Robt. Gibson, Wm. Batty, Hugh Norres, Thos. Calfe, Wm. Paye.
Carvers: The earl of [Essex or] Rutland for the Queen; Sir Edm. (Edward) Seymour for the Archbishop.
Cupbearers: Lord Derby for the Queen; Sir John Dudley for the Archbishop.
Sewers: The earl of Sussex for the Queen; Sir Thos. Arundell for the Archbishop.
Panters: Viscount Lisle, chief panter; John Apricharde; John Gislym.
[Butlers]: Earl of Arundell, chief butler; Ric. Hill, Edm. Harvye. [Ewers]: Sir Henry [Thomas] Wyat, Jeffrey Villers, Henry Atkinson. Chief almoners for the Queen: Lord Bray, Sir Wm. Gascoyne. Almoners: Henry Wells, Thos. Mason. Edmond Pekham, cofferer. William Thynne. Thos. Hatclife, Edw. Weldon, for the Bishop, and the said Bishop to be served covered. Surveyors at the dressers: Thos. Weldon for the Queen; Thos. Holden for the Bishop. Michael Wentworth, Henry Bricket, to see that nothing be embezzled.
Servitors from the dressers: For the Queen: Sir — Parker, Sir John St. John, Sir William Wynsor, Sir John Mordaunt, Sir Fras. Weston, Sir John Gifforte, Sir John Barkeley, Sir John Huddleston. Sir Ric. Verney, Sir Thos. Poninges, Sir Hen. Savell, Sir John Germayne, Sir Robt. Whetney, Sir Geo. Fitzwilliams, Sir John Tyndall, Sir Michael Fisher, Sir Tho. Rotheram, Sir Geo. Somerset, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Antony Hungerford, Sir Ric. Graundfeild, Sir John Shamond1, Sir Robt. Paynton, Sir Walter Stoner. For the Archbishop: Sir Thos. Elyot, Sir Rafe Langford, Sir John Fulford, Sir Thos. Dar[c]y. Sir John Villers, Sir John Markham, Sir John Berryn, Sir Nic. Stirley, Sir Thos. Straung, Sir Fras. Lovell, Sir Edw. Chamberlen, Sir Adryan Fortescue, Sir Hen. Longe, Sir Wm. Barington, Sir Wm. Newman, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir Edw. Beningfeild, Sir Antony Wingfield, Sir Geo. Frogmerton [Throggemorton.], Sir John Russell of Worcestershire, Sir George Dar[c]y, Sir Wm. Pickering, Sir Thos. Cornwall, Sir John Bridges.
Waferers: Rob. Leigh for the Queen and the Bishop. He must bring his wafers for both services to the Queen's cupboard, to be set [sic: fet?from thence by the sewers. Confectionery: Cutbert Blakden [Vaughan] for the Queen and Bishop, with similar orders.
Kitchen: For the Queen and Bishop: John Plume, Edw. Wilkinson, Ric. Currey, John Armstrong, Robt. Plume, child, Thos. Galepy, fryer.
Larder: Lord Burgenye, John Dale, Jas. Mitchell.
Sausery: John Richardson for the Queen and Bishop, remaining in the house.
Pastry: John Cuncle, Elister Shainc. Boilers: John White, [John Tayler].
Scullery: Wm. Richarde for the Queen; Wm. Rawlyns for the Bishop, and to be served with gilt plate.
Marshals: Ric. Rede for the Queen; Edw. Vaux for the Bishop; Jesper Terrell; John Stevens. Richard Chace to be supervisor that every man give his due attendance that shall wait in the hall beneath the bar.
Lord Chamberlain: John earl of Oxford to give the King water.
The towel: Allen Asplonge, or his heirs, to give the Queen the towel before dinner.
The Queen's Champion:
Officers appointed to attend on the Lords Spiritual and Temporal at the middle board on the right hand of the Queen. The first board to be 11 yards in length, and to be served with three services of a like fare, and 30 services of another fare.
Sewers: John Barney at the board, John Banbricke at the dresser. Panters: Thos. Bend, Ric. Holbroke, Ric. Madoxe, John Stoddard, Wm. Dennys, Pierce Barly. Buttery and cellar: Bryan Aunsley, William Abbot, Ric. Weckly, John Aman. Ewris: Allyn Matthew, Thos. Christmas, Robt. Clynton.
Almoners: Thos. Oldnall, Wm. Blakeden, Hugh Williams.
[Conveyers]: Thos. Child, Thos. Hinde, Wm. Berman. Surveyors at the dressers: Thos. Hall, Wm. Thynne. John Lane, to see that the yeomen give due attendance. [Servitors from the dresser]: Richard Gilmyn, Robt. Griffith, Thos. Marshall, John Brogden, David Phillip, John Geffrey, Wm. Avenell, Ric. Ryder, Robt. Gibes, Wm. Semerre, Hugh Troblefeild, John Ashton, John Smith the elder, John Robertes, John Perce, Antony Perce, Antony Saunders, Walter Vaughan, Thos. Coxe, Ric. Stone, Thos. Hawkins, Wm. Bonde. Robt. Whitbrowe, Hugh Lewis, Thos. Githens. Waferers: Robt. Lystar. Confectionery: John Amnesleye. Kitchen: Wm. Bolton, Robt. Forster, John Floy [Sloye], John Laurence, John Baker, child, Wm. Botte [Abbott], fryer. Larder: John Dale, Jas. Michell. Saulsery: John Richard, Symond Dudley. Pastry: John Connicle, Robt. Dauson, Ric. Byre. Boiler: John White.
Scullery: Wm. Rice, Wm. Rawlins, Thos. Coke, child, John Worall [Morall], conducte.
Marshals: Thos. Ward, Hen. Hokars. Huisshers: John Gilman, Thos. Myles.
Officers to attend upon Duchesses and other ladies at the middle board on the left hand of the Queen; the first board 8 yards long. To be served with 3 services of like fare, 3 of another fare, and 30 of another fare.
Sewers: John Bonam, Ric. Sterkey.
Pantry: Thos. Skasley, John Markham, John Coxe, Thos. Hall. Conveyors of the bread to the panters: Richard Boxham, Geo. Forman. Buttery and cellar: Wm. Morrant, Ric. Lee, Ric. Parker, Thos. Trewth[Strewth].
[Ewers]: Geo. Fitzgeffrey, John Morgan, John Dixe. [Almoners]: John Stanbanck, Edw. Garret, Thos. Inde, Thos. Walker, Geo. Bond, Wm. Kedle, Thos. Turner. Surveyor at the dresser without, Thos. Hatcliffe; at the dresser within, Thos. Horden. John Powes to see that the yeomen give due attendance. Servitors from the dresser: Ric. Rainshawe, John Kinge, John Wellet, John Aprice, Ric. Saidell, Wm. Tolley, John Strymyn, Rafe Tykill, Thos. Jones, John Sydnam, Leonard Barowes, John Dorset, Thos. Lewis, Jas. [John] Stanley, John Tompson, John Smothen, Edw. Deckey, Ric. Eston, Wm. Laury, Geo. Bankes, Thos. Massie, Rafe Baiely, John Gaunter. Wafe[...] Robt. Lyster. Confectioner: John Amnesley. Kitchen: John Dale, George Benson, Rafe Iswell, Wm. Maie, Philip Yarow, child, Ric. Rede, fryer. Larder: Thos. English. Boiler: John Tailour. Saulsery: John Richard, John
Ringros. Pastry: Elize Shaunce, Wm. Andreson, conducte. Scullery: Wm. Wells, John Awmorer, conduct, Silvester Glossope.
Marshals: Nic. Sainctes [Synce], Thos. Braken. Huishers: John Towe, Nic. Ashfeild.
Officers to attend upon the Barons of the Cinque Ports, at the side board on the Queen's right hand, next the wall. The first board to be 8 yards long, and to be served with 3 services of like fare, and 30 services of another fare.
Sewers: Ant. Isley, John Cheyne. Panters: Wm. Cowper, John Bartlet, John Whitstall, Wm. Sotherne, conveyers of bread. Buttery and cellar: John Burnell, Robt. Gardener, Matthew Hanmer, Thos. Stanbridge [Skarbridge]. Ewry: Edw. Myller [Myllet], Thos. Colbeck, Robt. Maxton [Napton].
Almoners: Willm. Cressell, Wm. Breredge, Ric. Valentyne, Thos. Reding, and John Downslowe; John Davie and Robt. Rendon [Bendon], conveyers.
Surveyors at the dressers: Edw. Welden, Jas. Sutton. Servitors from the dresser: Laurence Serle, overseer, John Bromfeld, Robt. Lamdon, John Holcombe, Robt. Owen, Griffith Myres, Wm. Jones, Rob. Orton, Edm. Stone, John Githons, Edw. Philips, John Umpe, Ric. Clerke, John Holland, John Alcocke, Ric. Gilling, John Evans, Lymerell Martyn, Fras. Socket [Cockett], John Brewet, John Coxe, John Knotfort, John Bilson [Bason], John Birte. Waferer: Robt. Lyster. Confectionery: John Amnsley. Kitchen: Laurence Thexted, Ric. Townsend, Roger Brosse, John Coke, Rafe Hogan, child, Wm. More, fryer. Larder: Hen. Groves [Greve]. Boiler: John Tailour. Saulserie: John Richardson, Matthew White. Pastry: Matthew White, child, Roger Brynge, conducte. Scullery: Wm. Phillip, Wm. Hamhider. Marshal: Ric. Wales. Huishers: John Fisher, Jas. Aleasley.
Officers to attend upon the Mayor of London, sitting at the board next the wall on the left hand of the Queen. The first board to be 9 yards long, and to be served with 5 services of like fare, and 30 of another.
Sewers: Edw. Browne, Wm. Jones. Panters: Thos. Pulfort, Hugh Mynours, John Tryce, Robt. Hylston. Buttery and cellar: Thos. Mynours, Wm. Corffale, caker, John Throughgood, Wm. Agre. Ewry: Edw. Bird, Geo. Smert, Wm. Cheke.
Almoners: John Fisher, John Rowland, Wm. Blike, Wm. Willkinson, and Hen. Hungreford; Adam Faulcet, Hen. Wilkinson, conveyers of bread.
Surveyors at the dressers: John Mery, Robt. Pagman. Servitors from the dresser: Henry Bird to superintend, John Wode, Moris Apdenevet, Michael Whiting, John Stevens, Hugh David, Lewis ap Watkin, John West, John Burton, Robert Fleminge, Edw. Clayton, Lewis Appowell, John Cowper, Edw. Johnson, Ric. Fuller, John Treveth, Simmosune Symes, Robt. Stonehouse, Hen. Holden, John Hancocke, Thos. Boram, Roger Meres, John Massye, John Colby. Waferers: Robt. Lyster, John Amnsley. Kitchen: William Snowball, John Sterne, John Crane, John Mathew, Thos. Borrey, child, Peter Child, fryer. Larder: Ric. Mathewe. Boilers: John White, John Tailour. Saulsery: John Richardson, Thos. Nash. Pastry: Thos. Dover [Wever], Ric. Wilkinson. Scullery: Thos. More, Robt. Cellye. Marshals: Thos. Greves, Wm. Bellingham. Huisshers: Thos. Croftes, Wm. Bate.
The hall must be served with plate, as spoons, salts, pots, and bowls.
The Queen's Lord Chamberlain and Vice-chamberlain and two gentlemen must attend upon the Queen.
Officers appointed for serving the waste. Panter: Wm. Wilkinson. Clerk: Jas. Harington. Cook: John Hautcliffe. Larderer: John Dauson. Cooks for the "Worchouses" [Marchawses"(?)in § 2.]: John Birket, Ric. Parker, John Stevens, John Johnson, Steven God, Wm. Whitfeild.
Noblemen admitted to do service according to the tenure of their lands, and for the trial of their fees and profits unto the morrow of St. John Baptist's Day: Earl of Arundel, chief butler; Viscount of Lisle, chief panter; earl of Oxford, chief chamberlain; Sir Hen. Wyat, chief ewre; earl of Shrewsbury to support the Queen's right arm and bear the sceptre; sixteen Barons of the Cinque Ports to bear the canopy over her; lord Burgeine, chief larderer; Sir Giles Alington to bear the first cup to the Queen; earl of Sussex, chief sewer; the Mayor of London to bear a cup of gold to the Queen at her void.
Add. MS. 6,113, f. 34. B. M. 2. "Officers and servitors which did service the same day of coronation, being the first of June."
A list similar to ii., but with a few additions and variations, of which the more important have been noted. Pp. 18.
Note 1. Hamonde in § 2.
Letters and Papers 1533. 30 May 1553. Harl. MS. 41, f. 15. B. M. 561. Coronation Of Anne Boleyn. The order in proceeding from the Tower to Westminster.
The King's messengers to ride foremost with their boxes, to stay when that time is, and to go when that time is, as they see the followers do pause.
The strangers that ride, and the Ambassadors' servants. Item, next the trumpets, the gentlemen ushers, the chaplains having no dignity, the squires for the Body, with pursuivants two and two on each side. The knights and challenger and defender with steryng horses. The aldermen of London. The great chaplains of dignity. Heralds, two and two on each side. The knights of the Bath, the "barenettes" [and abbots]. (fn. 3) The knights of the Garter, being no lords. The two Chief Judges and Master of the Rolls. Then all the Lords and Barons in order after their estates. The Bishops. The Earls and Ambassadors. The comptroller of Household. The treasurer of Household. The steward of Household. Two kings-of-arms. The King's chamberlain. The Lord Privy Seal. The Lord Admiral of England. The Great Chamberlain of England. The Archbishops and Ambassadors. The two esquires of honor, with robes of estate rolled and worn baldric wise about their necks, with caps of estate representing the duke of Normandy and the duke of Aquitain. The Lord Mayor and Garter. The Marshal, the Constable, the Treasurer, the Chancellor. The Serjeants-of-arms on both sides. Her Chancellor bareheaded. The Queen's grace. The Lord Chamberlain. The Master of the Horse leading a spare horse. Seven ladies in crimson velvet. Two chariots; two ladies in the first, and four in the second, all of the greatest estates. Seven ladies in the same suit, their horses trapped to the pastron. The third chariot, wherein were six ladies with crimson velvet. The fourth chariot, with eight ladies in crimson velvet. Thirty gentlewomen, all in velvet and silk of the liveries of their ladies. The captain of the Guard. The King's guard in their rich coats.
Vellum, pp. 2.
Your letter was delivered on Monday after my departure from Calais, and Mr. Secretary made me answer that he had given you a full answer to its contents. Mr. Boysse and I are at your commands, if we can do anything further. As to the horsemill, Mr. Dawnce told me it may not be set upon the King's ground, but if he had set it upon his own freehold it might have passed well enough. This day the King is known to be married unto one Mrs. Jane Semar [Jane Seymour (age 27)], Sir John Semar's (age 62) daughter; and my lord William [Howard] this day came out of Scotland in post and merry. London, 30 May 1536.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
A very few days after the execution of Anne, the King ordered his Council to be summoned, and said to them, "My lords, you know that Elizabeth was acknowledged as Princess, and my daughter Mary was disinherited. If I were to die without male heir there would be great dissensions in my kingdom, and I have, therefore, decided to marry. I bear much good-will towards Jane Seymour, and I beg you will approve of her for my wife." They all answered with one accord, "Let your Majesty do as you desire. We all consider her a worthy maiden, and we hope in God that your union will be fruitful and happy." No more was needed; and the next day he called the Archbishop of Canterbury, and in the presence of all he married Jane Seymour, and caused great festivities to be held. This good lady had been formerly a servant of Queen Katherine and in her heart always loved Madam Mary, her good daughter, so she begged of the King, as a boon that he would send for Madam Mary and treat her in a way suitable to her rank. The King sent for her at once more than thirty horsemen, who brought her back with great state to the palace; and when the good Queen heard of her arrival, she came out to the great hall to receive her, and embraced her and kissed her, and took her by the hand, not allowing her to kneel, and led her to her chamber. When the King heard of it he went to the Queen's chamber, and the good daughter knelt before him, and he gave her his blessing with tears in his eyes, saying, "My daughter, she who did you so much harm, and prevented me from seeing you for so long, has paid the penalty."
The King had not seen her for more than three years. The good Queen then knelt, and said to the King, "Your Majesty knows how bad Queen Anne was, and it is not fit that her daughter should be the Princess." So the King ordered it to be proclaimed that in future none should dare to call her Princess, but Madam Elizabeth.
The good Queen always had Madam Mary in her company, and when she left her chamber always led her by the hand. For this reason the Queen was much beloved by all, and the King showed great affection for his daughter Shortly afterwards the Queen became pregnant, and great rejoicings were held; and the King was advised that she had brothers who were gentlemen, one of them should be created Duke of Somerset, which was the title of the brother of Queen Anne. So he made the eldest brother Duke of Somerset, and to the other two grants of income were made, and of them we shall speak further on.
In due time, when the Queen was about to be delivered, they sent to London for processions to be made to pray God for a happy result, and after three days illness the most beautiful boy that ever was seen was born1. Very great rejoicings were held for his birth; but on the second day it was rumoured that the mother had died, which caused great sorrow. It was said that the mother had to be sacrificed for the child. I do not affirm this to be true, only that it was rumoured. The King sorrowed for this good lady more than he did for any other, and had her buried with great solemnity. The good lady was also deeply mourned by Madam Mary; and the King ordered that the should remain with her, and, until he married again, they remained in attendance on her, and treated her as if she were Queen.
Born at Hampton Court, 12th October, 1537.
On 30 May 1536 Henry VIII (age 44) and Jane Seymour (age 27) were married at Whitehall Palace [Map] by Stephen Gardiner Bishop of Winchester (age 53). She by marriage Queen Consort England. He the son of King Henry VII of England and Ireland and Elizabeth York Queen Consort England.
Diary of Edward VI. 30 May 1550. The embassadours toke ther leve2, and the next day departid.
Note 2. The ambassadors having spent the forenoon in riding about the town to see it, "in the afternoon were sent to them we, the lord Cobham (age 53), the lord Paget, mr. secretary Wotton, and sir Anthony St. Leger, to commune with them on certain matters, and afterwards to bring them to the King.... To the chief of them the King's highness caused rich and goodly presents and gifts to be sent ere they departed." (Narrative addressed to sir John Mason (age 47), as before.) The following passages in the council register relate to the presents: —
"May xxiij. A warrant to (blank) to deliver unto sir Anthony Awcher knt. xvC li. in part towards the provision of the rewarde appoincted for monsr Chastillion and other Frenche ambassadors nowe arryved here for the confermacion of the Peace.
"Maye xxviij. A warrant to sir Edmond Peckham to deliver unto sir Anthonye Awcher Cx oz. of gold towards the making of two cuppes provided for parte of the gifte to be made unto mounsr Rochepote and mounsr Chastillion, ambassadours for the French."
On 30 May 1682 Charles Seymour 6th Duke Somerset (age 19) and Elizabeth Percy Duchess Somerset (age 15) were married. His first marriage, her third having been widowed twice by the age of seventeen. She by marriage Duchess Somerset. Being the sole heiress of her father Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland she brought considerable wealth to the marriage. She the daughter of Josceline Percy 11th Earl of Northumberland and Elizabeth Wriothesley Countess Northumberland (age 36). He a great x 5 grandson of King Henry VII of England and Ireland.
On 30 May 1701 Theophilus Hastings 7th Earl Huntingdon (age 50) died. His son George Hastings 8th Earl Huntingdon (age 24) succeeded 8th Earl Huntingdon 7C 1529, 13th Baron Botreaux 1368, 12th Baron Hungerford 1C 1426, 10th Baron Moleyns 1C 1445 and 10th Baron Hastings 2C 1461. Elizabeth "Lady Betty" Hastings (age 19) received, after a legal dispute, in 1703, Ledston Hall and £3000 per year.
After 30 May 1701. Hasting's Chapel St Helen's Church Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire [Map]. Monument to Theophilus Hastings 7th Earl Huntingdon (deceased) sculpted by Grinling Gibbons (age 53).
On 30 May 1718 Arnold Keppel 1st Earl Albermarle (age 48) died. His son William Anne Keppel 2nd Earl Albermarle (age 15) succeeded 2nd Earl Albermarle 2C 1697, 2nd Viscount Bury in Lancashire, 2nd Baron Ashford of Ashford in Kent.
On 30 May 1736 Arthur Ingram 6th Viscount Irvine (age 46) died. His brother Henry Ingram 7th Viscount Irvine (age 45) succeeded 7th Viscount Irvine. Ann Scarborough Viscountess Irvine (age 44) by marriage Viscountess Irvine.
On 30 May 1744 Constantine Phipps 1st and 2nd Baron Mulgrave was born to Constantine Phipps 1st Baron Mulgrave (age 21) and Lepell Hervey Baroness Mulgrave (age 21). He a great x 2 grandson of King James II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 30 May 1747 Charles Sloane Cadogan 1st Earl Cadogan (age 18) and Frances Bromley were married.
On 30 May 1747 Henry Bromley 1st Baron Montfort (age 41) and Frances Wyndham were married.
On 30 May 1754 Karl Anton Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and Frederica Charlotte Dohna Schlodien Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck were married at Königsberg. She by marriage Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck. He the son of Peter August Oldenburg I Duke Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (age 56) and Sophie of Hesse-Philippsthal Duchess Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck.
On 30 May 1756 Christian Ludwig II Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (age 73) died.
On 30 May 1767 William Craven 6th Baron Craven (age 28) and Elizabeth Berkeley Margrave Brandenburg Ansbach (age 16) were married. She the daughter of Augustus Berkeley 4th Earl Berkeley and Elizabeth Drax Countess Berkeley and Nugent (age 47). She a great x 2 granddaughter of King Charles II of England Scotland and Ireland.
On 30 May 1768 Henry Grey 4th Earl Stamford (age 52) died at Enville Hall Enville. On 30 May 1768 His son George Grey 5th Earl Stamford 1st Earl Warrington (age 30) succeeded 5th Earl Stamford, 6th Baron Grey of Groby 1603.
On 30 May 1798 Edmund Boyle 7th Earl Cork (age 55) died.
On 30 May 1821 John Baker Holroyd 1st Earl Sheffield (age 85) died. He was buried at Sheffield Family Mausoleum Church of St Mary and St Andrew, Fletching. His son George Augustus Frederick Charles Holroyd 2nd Earl Sheffield (age 19) succeeded 2nd Earl Sheffield of Dunamore in Meath, 2nd Viscount Pevensey, 2nd Baron Sheffield of Dunamore in Meath, 2nd Baron Sheffield of Roscommon in Roscommon, 2nd Baron Sheffield of Sheffield in Yorkshire.
Mary "May" Morris: 1871. The census records William Morris (age 36), Jane Morris nee Burden (age 31), Elizabeth Burden, sister-in-law, Jane Alicia Morris (age 10), Mary "May" Morris (age 8) and three servants living at 21 Queen Square, Bloomsbury. On 17 Oct 1938 Mary "May" Morris (age 76) died.
On 30 May 1928 Henry Pelham-Clinton 7th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 63) died. His brother Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton-Hope 8th Duke Newcastle-under-Lyme (age 62) succeeded 8th Duke Newcastle under Lyme, 15th Earl Lincoln 8C 1572.
On 30 May 1940 Frederick Cambridge (age 32) was killed during the World War Two.
On 30 May 1969 Walter Gibbs 2nd Baron Hunsdon 4th Baron Aldenham (age 80) died. His son Antony Gibbs 3rd Baron Hunsdon 5th Baron Aldenham (age 47) succeeded 3rd Baron Hunsdon of Hunsdon of Briggens Hertfordshire, 5th Baron Aldenham of Aldenham in Hertfordshire.