On this Day in History ... 30 September

30 Sep is in September.

654 Battle of Bulcamp

1295 Edward I Creates New Barons 36th Parliament

1342 Battle of Morlaix

1399 Abdication of Richard II

1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

1553 Coronation of Mary I

Battle of Bulcamp

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. 654. This year King Anna was slain, and Botolph began to build that minster at Icanhoe. This year also died Archbishop Honorius, on the thirtieth of September.

On 30 Sep 1061 Pope Alexander II (age 51) was elected Pope.

1295 Edward I Creates New Barons 36th Parliament

On 24 Jun 1295 King Edward "Longshanks" I of England (age 56) created new baronies through writs for summons to his 36th Parliament

John Montfort 1st Baron Montfort (age 31) was created 1st Baron Montfort. Alice Plaunche Baroness Montfort by marriage Baroness Montfort.

Walter Fauconberg 1st Baron Fauconberg (age 75) was created 1st Baron Fauconberg.

Thomas Furnival 1st Baron Furnivall (age 35) was created 1st Baron Furnivall 1C 1295. Joan Despencer Baroness Furnivall (age 37) by marriage Baroness Furnivall.

Robert Fitzwalter 1st Baron Fitzwalter (age 48) was created 1st Baron Fitzwalter 1C 1295. Eleanor Ferrers Baroness Fitzwalter by marriage Baroness Fitzwalter.

Ralph Basset 1st Baron Basset Drayton (age 31) was created 1st Baron Basset Drayton 2C 1295. Hawise Grey Baroness Basset Drayton (age 40) by marriage Baroness Basset Drayton.

The following Baronies may have been created at the 36th Parliament or the 37th Parliament summoned on 30 Sep 1295.

John Wake 1st Baron Wake of Liddell (age 27) was created 1st Baron Wake of Liddell.

Andrew Astley 1st Baron Astley (age 49) was created 1st Baron Astley.

Thomas Berkeley 6th and 1st Baron Berkeley (age 49) was created 1st Baron Berkeley 1C 1295. Joan Ferrers Baroness Berkeley by marriage Baroness Berkeley.

Reginald Grey 1st Baron Grey of Wilton (age 55) was created 1st Baron Grey of Wilton 1C 1295. Maud Fitzhugh Baroness Grey Wilton (age 73) by marriage Baroness Grey of Wilton.

John Hastings 13th Baron Bergavenny 1st Baron Hastings (age 33) was created 1st Baron Hastings 1C 1290 by a summons to Parliament. Isabel Valence Baroness Bergavenny Baroness Hastings by marriage Baroness Hastings.

Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville of Raby (age 32) was created 1st Baron Neville Raby 1C 1295. Euphemia Clavering Baroness Neville Raby (age 28) by marriage Baroness Neville Raby.

John Beke 1st Baron Beke (age 72) was created 1st Baron Beke (although there is some doubt whether he was created Baron).

Fulk Fitzwarin 1st Baron Fitzwarin (age 43) was created 1st Baron Fitzwarin.

On 30 Sep 1336 John of Eltham 1st Earl Cornwall (age 20) died at Perth [Map]. Earl Cornwall 6C 1330 extinct. He was buried at the east side of the doorway to the Chapel of St Edmund, Westminster Abbey [Map]. His monument comprises a head of the statue encircled by a coronet of large and small leaves, remarkable for being the earliest specimen of the kind. The details of plate-armour, surcoat, gorget, coroneted helmet, with other accessories, give great antiquarian interest to this work. It was formerly surmounted by a canopy, of which, however, no traces are now visible.

Battle of Morlaix

On 30 Sep 1342 the French army attacked the English besiegers of Morlaix forcing the English to retreat to the nearby woods. William Bohun 1st Earl of Northampton (age 32) commanded, John de Vere 7th Earl of Oxford (age 30) and Hugh Despencer 1st Baron Despencer (age 34) fought.

Before 30 Sep 1388 Thomas Lancaster 1st Duke of Clarence was born to Henry IV King England (age 21) and Mary Bohun (age 20). Coefficient of inbreeding 2.60%.


Abdication of Richard II

On 30 Sep 1399 Henry IV King England (age 32) usurped IV King England. He had usurped his cousin Richard II (age 32) and Richard's heir the seven year old Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March (age 7) who was descended from Edward III's second son Lionel of Antwerp Duke of Clarence. This second usurption was to have far reaching consequences since it subsequently became the descent by which the House of York claimed precedence over the House of Lancaster being one of the causes of the Wars of the Roses.

Ralph Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland (age 35) was appointed Earl Marshal.

On 30 Sep 1416 Thomas West 2nd Baron West (age 36) died. His brother Reginald West 6th Baron De La Warr 3rd Baron West (age 21) succeeded 3rd Baron West.

On 30 Sep 1434 Bishop John Langdon died at Basel.

On 30 Sep 1439 Charles "Viana" IV King Navarre (age 18) and Agnes La Marck Queen Consort Navarre were married at Olite. She the daughter of Adolph La Marck I Duke Cleves (age 66) and Marie Valois Duchess Cleves (age 46). He the son of John II King Aragon (age 41) and Blanche Évreux Queen Consort Aragon (age 51). They were third cousins. She a great x 5 granddaughter of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England.

Before 30 Sep 1440 Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey Ruthyn (age 78) and Joan Astley Baroness Grey Ruthyn (age 74) were married. She by marriage Baroness Grey of Ruthyn 1324. He a great x 5 grandson of King John "Lackland" of England.

On 30 Sep 1440 Reginald Grey 3rd Baron Grey Ruthyn (age 78) died. His grandson Edmund Grey 1st Earl Kent (age 23) succeeded 4th Baron Grey of Ruthyn 1324.

On 30 Sep 1472 Thomas Howard 2nd Duke of Norfolk (age 29) and Elizabeth Tilney Countess of Surrey (age 28) were married. He the son of John Howard 1st Duke of Norfolk (age 47) and Katherine Moleyns. He a great x 5 grandson of King Edward "Longshanks" I of England. NOTEXT

On 30 Sep 1487 John Dudley 1st Baron Dudley (age 86) died at Stafford [Map]. He was buried at Dudley Priory [Map]. His grandson Edward Dudley 2nd Baron Dudley (age 28) succeeded 2nd Baron Sutton of Dudley 1C 1440.

On 30 Sep 1493 Anthony Boleyn (age 18) died.St Andrew's Church Blickling [Map].

Anthony Boleyn: In 1475 he was born to William Boleyn (age 24) and Margaret Butler (age 21).

Around 30 Sep 1501 Richard Fiennes 4th Baron Saye and Sele (age 30) died. His son Edward Fiennes 5th Baron Saye and Sele (age 1) succeeded 5th Baron Saye and Sele 1C 1447.

1535 Sweating Sickness Outbreak

Letters and Papers 1535. 30 Sep 1535. Vienna Archives. 484. Cromwell to Chapuys.

Took much pleasure in Chapuys' former letters, especially in the news of the Emperor's success. These more recent are still more acceptable as giving a succinct account of the whole expedition, so vivid that Cromwell imagined himself present. The King was greatly interested. As to the message Chapuys sent by his servant, in which he suspects delays, begs him to consider, whatever delay there may be, that nothing will be omitted which the honor of the King demands for the more secure and wholesome education of the lady Mary, seeing that no one feels more anxiety about her than her father. Begs Chapuys therefore to defer his proposal to visit her to some more convenient time, especially as he may have been deceived by a false report of inattention paid to her health, of which Cromwell assures him the utmost care is taken. The plague is so severe at London and neighbouring places that a man might seem wanting in attention who should go from thence to her. Will discuss matters with him at more length shortly. Winchester, 30 Sept. 1535.

Latin, pp. 2. From a modern copy docketed (by the archivist?): "A joindre à la lettre du 13 8bre."

Coronation of Mary I

On 30 Sep 1553 Queen Mary I of England and Ireland (age 37) made her formal journey from the Tower of London [Map] to Westminster Abbey [Map]. She was accompanied by Mary Roper (age 30).

Bishop George Day (age 52) preached.

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Henry Machyn's Diary. 30 Sep 1553. The xxx day of September the Qwuyen('s) (age 37) grace cam from the Towre thrugh London, rydyng in a charett gorgusly be-sene unto Westmynster; by the way at Fanche-chyrche a goodly pagant, with iiij grett gyants, and with goodly speches, the geneways mad yt; at Grache-chyrche a-nodur goodly pajant of esterlyngs makyng; and at Ledyne-hall was nodur pagant hangyd with cloth of gold, and the goodlyst playng with all maner of musyssoners, and ther was on blohyng of a trumpet all the day longe; at the conduyt in Cornhyll a-nodur of the sete; and (at) the grett condutt a-nodur goodly on, and the standard pentyd and gyldyd, and the crosse pentyd; and (at) the lytyll conduyt a goodly pagant; in Powlles chyrche-yerde ij pagants; and ij scaffolds on Powlles stepull with stremars; andt Ludgat pentyd; at the conduyd in Flett-stret a goodly pajant and pentyd .... holy] water-stokes and sensers and copes ... Westmynster chyrche, and ther her grace hard masse, and was crounyd a-pon a he stage, and after [she was] a-nontyd Qwene, the forst day of October. [When all] was don, her grace cam to Westmynster hall .... yt was iiij of the cloke or she whent to dener [or pa]st; and ther the duke of Norffoke rod up and done the hall, my lord the yerle of Darbe (age 44) he constabull, the yerle of Arundell (age 41) he boteler, and my lord of Borgane cheyff larderer, master Dymmoke (age 45) the qwyen('s) champyon; and ther was [great me]lode; and the erle of Devonshyre (age 26) bare the sword, and the yerle of Westmorland (age 28) bare the cape of mantenans, and the erle of Shrowsbery (age 53) bare the crowne, and the duke of Norffoke (age 80) [was earl] marshall, and the yerle of Arundell (age 41) lord stuard, and the erle of Surray (age 17) was doer under the duke ys grandshyr, and the erle of Woseter (age 27) was her grace('s) carver that day at dener, my lord Wyndsore (age 54) was (blank); and at the end of the tabull dynyd my lade Elisabeth (age 20) and my lade Anne of Cleyff (age 38); and so yt was candyll-lyght or her grace or she had dynyd, and so [anon] her grace toke barge.NOTEXT

On 30 Sep 1628 Fulk Greville 13th Baron Latimer 5th Baron Willoughby 1st Baron Brooke (age 73) was killed at his house in London by servant Ralph Haywood who believed that he had been cheated in his master's will; Haywood then turned the knife on himself. He was buried at St Mary's Church, Warwick [Map]. His sister Margaret Greville 14th Baroness Latimer 6th Baroness Willoughby Broke (age 67) de jure 14th Baroness Latimer of Corby, 6th Baroness Willoughby Broke. Richard Verney 14th Baron Latimer 6th Baron Willoughby (age 65) by marriage Baron Latimer of Corby 1C 1299, Baron Willoughby Broke. His first cousin once removed Robert Greville 2nd Baron Brooke (age 21) succeeded 2nd Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court in Warwickshire.

On 30 Sep 1640 Charles Guise I Duke Guise (age 69) died. His son Henry Guise II Duke Guise (age 26) succeeded II Duke Guise.

On 30 Sep 1658 Ernest Augustus Hanover Elector Brunswick-Lüneburg (age 28) and Sophia Palatinate Simmern (age 27) were married. She the daughter of Frederick Palatinate Simmern V Elector Palatine Rhine and Princess Elizabeth Stewart Queen Bohemia (age 62). He the son of George Hanover Duke Brunswick-Lüneburg and Anne Eleonore Hesse Darmstadt Duchess Brunswick-Lüneburg (age 57). She a granddaughter of King James I of England and Ireland and VI of Scotland.


On 30 Sep 1669 Bishop Henry King (age 77) died.

On 30 Sep 1680 Lionel Tollemache 3rd Earl Dysart (age 31) and Grace Wilbraham Countess Dysart (age 19) were married. She by marriage Countess Dysart. He the son of Lionel Tollemache 3rd Baronet and Elizabeth Murray Duchess Lauderdale (age 54).


Evelyn's Diary. 30 Sep 1688. The Court in so extraordinary a consternation, on assurance of the Prince of Orange's (age 37) intention to land, that the writs sent forth for a Parliament were recalled.

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On 21 Sep 1744 William Neville 16th and 14th Baron Bergavenny (age 49) died at Bath [Map]. On 30 Sep 1744 he was buried at East Grinstead. His son George Neville 1st Earl Abergavenny (age 17) succeeded 17th Baron Bergavenny 1C 1392, 15th Baron Bergavenny 2C 1450.

On 30 Sep 1762 John Hope 2nd Earl Hopetoun (age 58) and Jane Oliphant Countess Hopetoun were married. She by marriage Countess Hopetoun. He the son of Charles Hope 1st Earl Hopetoun and Henrietta Johnstone.

On 30 Sep 1763 William Duff 1st Earl Fife (age 66) died. His son James Duff 2nd Earl Fife (age 34) succeeded 2nd Earl Fife.


On 30 Sep 1770 Thomas Robinson 1st Baron Grantham (age 75) died. His son Thomas Robinson 2nd Baron Grantham (age 31) succeeded 2nd Baron Grantham.

On 30 Sep 1785 George Augustus North 3rd Earl Guildford (age 28) and Maria Frances Hobart Countess Guilford (age 23) were married. She the daughter of George Hobart 3rd Earl Buckinghamshire (age 54). He the son of Frederick North 2nd Earl Guildford (age 53) and Anne Speke Countess Guilford (age 45).

On 30 Sep 1785 James Fitz James 3rd Duke Berwick 10th Duke Veragua (age 66) died at Valencia. His son Carlos Fitz James Stuart 10th Duke Veragua 4th Duke Berwick (age 33) succeeded 10th Duke Veragua, 4th Duke of Liria, 4th Duke of Jérica, 4th Duke Berwick. Caroline Stolberg Gedern Duchess Veragua Duchess Berwick (age 30).

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On 30 Sep 1836 George Sholto Douglas Pennant 2nd Baron Penrhyn was born to Edward Gordon Douglas Pennant 1st Baron Penrhyn (age 36) and Juliana Isabella Mary Dawkins-Pennant (age 28).

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On 30 Sep 1844 Harry Grey 8th Earl Stamford 4th Earl Warrington (age 32) and Susan Gaydon Countess Stamford and Warrington were married. She by marriage Countess Stamford, Countess Warrington.

On 30 Sep 1856 William Spencer Bateman-Hanbury 3rd Baron Bateman was born to William Bateman-Hanbury 2nd Baron Bateman (age 30).

On 30 Sep 1872 Mary Lucy Clifford Baroness Stourton (age 73) died.

On 30 Sep 1899 Philip Reginald Cocks 5th Baron Somers (age 84) died.

On 30 Sep 1929 Pamela Vivian Williams 16th Baron Berners was born to Harold Williams Baron Berners and Vera Ruby Tyrwhitt 15th Baroness Berners (age 27).

On 30 Sep 1952 Waldorf Astor 2nd Viscount Astor (age 73) died. His son William Waldorf Astor 3rd Viscount Astor (age 45) succeeded 3rd Viscount Astor, 3rd Baron Astor 1C 1916. Sarah Norton Viscountess Astor (age 32) by marriage Viscountess Astor.